163 relations: Activated carbon, Aldehyde, Alkene, Alkyne, Aluminium isopropoxide, Aluminium oxide, American Chemical Society, Aniline, Argon, Aromaticity, Atom, Balloon, Barium sulfate, Benzophenone, Borane, Borate, Calcium carbonate, Carbon monoxide, Carbon-neutral fuel, Carboxylic acid, Cardiovascular disease, Carvone, Catalysis, Catalytic reforming, Chemical kinetics, Chemical polarity, Chemical reaction, Chemical stability, Chemisorption, Chloroplatinic acid, Cis–trans isomerism, Coordination complex, Coordination sphere, Copper sulfate, Crabtree's catalyst, Cracking (chemistry), Cyclohexene, Cyclooctadiene rhodium chloride dimer, Döbereiner's lamp, Dehydrogenation, Deuterium, Dialin, Dichlorotris(triphenylphosphine)ruthenium(II), Dihydrogen complex, Diimide, Double bond, Ester, Exothermic process, Fatty alcohol, Fischer–Tropsch process, ..., Formic acid, Frustrated Lewis pair, Fullerene, Functional group, Gibbs free energy, H-Bio, Haber process, Halogen, Heterogeneous catalysis, High-performance liquid chromatography, Homogeneous catalysis, Hydrazine, Hydrocarbon, Hydrodesulfurization, Hydroformylation, Hydrogen, Hydrogen peroxide, Hydrogenation, Hydrogenolysis, Imine, Iodine value, Isomerization, Isophorone diisocyanate, Isopropyl alcohol, Isotopic labeling, James F. Boyce, Josiphos ligands, Journal of Chemical Education, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Journal of the Chemical Society, Ketone, L-DOPA, Lindlar catalyst, Maleic acid, Margarine, Medication, Meerwein–Ponndorf–Verley reduction, Michael Polanyi, Miller index, MSNBC, Murray Raney, Nickel, Nitrile, Nitrile reduction, Nitro compound, Nitrobenzene, Nitrogen, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Noyori asymmetric hydrogenation, Organic compound, Organic peroxide, Organic Syntheses, Organic synthesis, Oxidative addition, Oxygen, Palladium, Paul Sabatier (chemist), Petrochemical industry, Petroleum coke, Phenylacetylene, Phosphine, Phosphonium, Platinum, Platinum black, Plug flow reactor model, Polyol, Polyurethane, Potassium tert-butoxide, Pressure vessel, Protecting group, Protic solvent, Pyrophoricity, Quinoline, Raney nickel, Rate equation, Reaction mechanism, Redox, Regioselectivity, Resorcinol, Round-bottom flask, Ruthenium, Sabatier reaction, Saturation (chemistry), Shelf life, Shortening, Sight glass, Solvent, Steam reforming, Styrene, Substrate (chemistry), Succinic acid, Syn and anti addition, Tert-Butyl alcohol, The Independent, The New York Times, Timeline of hydrogen technologies, Trans fat, Transfer hydrogenation, Transition metal alkyne complex, Transition state, Triple bond, Unsaturated fat, Urushibara nickel, Vegetable oil, White spirit, Wilhelm Normann, Wilkinson's catalyst, World energy consumption, Xylitol, Xylose, Ziegler–Natta catalyst, (S)-iPr-PHOX, 1-Propanol. Expand index (113 more) » « Shrink index
Activated carbon, also called activated charcoal, is a form of carbon processed to have small, low-volume pores that increase the surface area available for adsorption or chemical reactions.
An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.
In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond.
In organic chemistry, an alkyne is an unsaturated hydrocarbon containing at least one carbon—carbon triple bond.
Aluminium isopropoxide is the chemical compound usually described with the formula Al(O-i-Pr)3, where i-Pr is the isopropyl group (–CH(CH3)2).
Aluminium oxide (British English) or aluminum oxide (American English) is a chemical compound of aluminium and oxygen with the chemical formula 23.
The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a scientific society based in the United States that supports scientific inquiry in the field of chemistry.
Aniline is an organic compound with the formula C6H5NH2.
Argon is a chemical element with symbol Ar and atomic number 18.
In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element.
A balloon is a flexible bag that can be inflated with a gas, such as helium, hydrogen, nitrous oxide, oxygen, air or water.
Barium sulfate (or sulphate) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula BaSO4.
Benzophenone is the organic compound with the formula (C6H5)2CO, generally abbreviated Ph2CO.
Borane (systematically named trihydridoboron), also called borine, is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula.
Borates are the name for a large number of boron-containing oxyanions.
Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula CaCO3.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.
The term "carbon-neutral fuel" can refer to a variety of energy fuels or energy systems which have no net greenhouse gas emissions or carbon footprint.
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
Carvone is a member of a family of chemicals called terpenoids.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
Catalytic reforming is a chemical process used to convert petroleum refinery naphthas distilled from crude oil (typically having low octane ratings) into high-octane liquid products called reformates, which are premium blending stocks for high-octane gasoline.
Chemical kinetics, also known as reaction kinetics, is the study of rates of chemical processes.
In chemistry, polarity is a separation of electric charge leading to a molecule or its chemical groups having an electric dipole or multipole moment.
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.
Chemical stability when used in the technical sense in chemistry, means thermodynamic stability of a chemical system.
Chemisorption is a kind of adsorption which involves a chemical reaction between the surface and the adsorbate.
Chloroplatinic acid or hexachloroplatinic acid is an inorganic compound with the formula 2(H2O)x.
Cis–trans isomerism, also known as geometric isomerism or configurational isomerism, is a term used in organic chemistry.
In chemistry, a coordination complex consists of a central atom or ion, which is usually metallic and is called the coordination centre, and a surrounding array of bound molecules or ions, that are in turn known as ligands or complexing agents.
In coordination chemistry, the coordination sphere refers to a central atom or ion and an array of molecules or anions, the ligands, around.
Copper sulfate may refer to.
Crabtree's catalyst is an organoiridium compound with the formula PF6.
In petrochemistry, petroleum geology and organic chemistry, cracking is the process whereby complex organic molecules such as kerogens or long-chain hydrocarbons are broken down into simpler molecules such as light hydrocarbons, by the breaking of carbon-carbon bonds in the precursors.
Cyclohexene is a hydrocarbon with the formula C6H10.
Cyclooctadiene rhodium chloride dimer is the organorhodium compound with the formula Rh2Cl2(C8H12)2, commonly abbreviated 2 or Rh2Cl2(COD)2.
Döbereiner's lamp, also called a "tinderbox" ("Feuerzeug"), is a lighter invented in 1823 by the German chemist Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner; the lighter is based on the Fürstenberger lighter and was in production until ca.
Dehydrogenation is a chemical reaction that involves the removal of hydrogen from an organic molecule.
Deuterium (or hydrogen-2, symbol or, also known as heavy hydrogen) is one of two stable isotopes of hydrogen (the other being protium, or hydrogen-1).
Dialin (1,2-dihydronaphthalene) is a hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C10H10.
Dichlorotris(triphenylphosphine)ruthenium(II) is a coordination complex of ruthenium.
Dihydrogen complexes are coordination complexes containing intact H2 as a ligand.
Diimide, also called diazene or diimine, is a compound having the formula (NH)2.
A double bond in chemistry is a chemical bond between two chemical elements involving four bonding electrons instead of the usual two.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
In thermodynamics, the term exothermic process (exo-: "outside") describes a process or reaction that releases energy from the system to its surroundings, usually in the form of heat, but also in a form of light (e.g. a spark, flame, or flash), electricity (e.g. a battery), or sound (e.g. explosion heard when burning hydrogen).
Fatty alcohols (or long-chain alcohols) are usually high-molecular-weight, straight-chain primary alcohols, but can also range from as few as 4–6 carbons to as many as 22–26, derived from natural fats and oils.
The Fischer–Tropsch process is a collection of chemical reactions that converts a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen into liquid hydrocarbons.
Formic acid, systematically named methanoic acid, is the simplest carboxylic acid.
In chemistry, a frustrated Lewis pair (FLP) is a compound or mixture containing a Lewis acid and a Lewis base that, because of steric hindrance, cannot combine to form a classical adduct.
A fullerene is a molecule of carbon in the form of a hollow sphere, ellipsoid, tube, and many other shapes.
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.
In thermodynamics, the Gibbs free energy (IUPAC recommended name: Gibbs energy or Gibbs function; also known as free enthalpy to distinguish it from Helmholtz free energy) is a thermodynamic potential that can be used to calculate the maximum of reversible work that may be performed by a thermodynamic system at a constant temperature and pressure (isothermal, isobaric).
H-Bio is an oil-refining processes which involves converting vegetable oil into high-quality diesel via hydrogenation.
The Haber process, also called the Haber–Bosch process, is an artificial nitrogen fixation process and is the main industrial procedure for the production of ammonia today.
The halogens are a group in the periodic table consisting of five chemically related elements: fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), and astatine (At).
In chemistry, heterogeneous catalysis refers to the form of catalysis where the phase of the catalyst differs from that of the reactants.
High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC; formerly referred to as high-pressure liquid chromatography), is a technique in analytical chemistry used to separate, identify, and quantify each component in a mixture.
In chemistry, homogeneous catalysis is catalysis in a solution by a soluble catalyst.
Hydrazine is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula (also written), called diamidogen, archaically.
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
Hydrodesulfurization (HDS) is a catalytic chemical process widely used to remove sulfur (S) from natural gas and from refined petroleum products, such as gasoline or petrol, jet fuel, kerosene, diesel fuel, and fuel oils.
Hydroformylation, also known as oxo synthesis or oxo process, is an industrial process for the production of aldehydes from alkenes.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound with the formula.
Hydrogenation – to treat with hydrogen – is a chemical reaction between molecular hydrogen (H2) and another compound or element, usually in the presence of a catalyst such as nickel, palladium or platinum.
Hydrogenolysis is a chemical reaction whereby a carbon–carbon or carbon–heteroatom single bond is cleaved or undergoes lysis (breakdown) by hydrogen.
An imine is a functional group or chemical compound containing a carbon–nitrogen double bond.
The iodine value (or iodine adsorption value or iodine number or iodine index) in chemistry is the mass of iodine in grams that is consumed by 100 grams of a chemical substance.
In chemistry isomerization (also isomerisation) is the process by which one molecule is transformed into another molecule which has exactly the same atoms, but the atoms have a different arrangement e.g. A-B-C → B-A-C (these related molecules are known as isomers). In some molecules and under some conditions, isomerization occurs spontaneously.
Isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) is an organic compound in the class known as isocyanates.
Isopropyl alcohol (IUPAC name propan-2-ol; commonly called isopropanol) is a compound with the chemical formula C3H8O.
Isotopic labeling (or isotopic labelling) is a technique used to track the passage of an isotope (an atom with a detectable variation) through a reaction, metabolic pathway, or cell.
James F. Boyce (November 15, 1868 – June 2, 1935) was an American chemist who contributed to the manufacture of soaps and detergents.
A Josiphos ligand is a type of chiral diphosphine which has been modified to be substrate specific and is widely used for enantioselective synthesis.
The Journal of Chemical Education is a monthly peer-reviewed academic journal available in both print and electronic versions.
The Journal of the American Chemical Society (also known as JACS) is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1879 by the American Chemical Society.
The Journal of the Chemical Society was a scientific journal established by the Chemical Society in 1849 as the Quarterly Journal of the Chemical Society.
In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) is an organic compound with the structure RC(.
L-DOPA, also known as levodopa or L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine is an amino acid that is made and used as part of the normal biology of humans, as well as some animals and plants.
A Lindlar catalyst is a heterogeneous catalyst that consists of palladium deposited on calcium carbonate which is then poisoned with various forms of lead or sulphur.
Maleic acid or cis-butenedioic acid is an organic compound that is a dicarboxylic acid, a molecule with two carboxyl groups.
Margarine is an imitation butter spread used for flavoring, baking, and cooking.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
The Meerwein–Ponndorf–Verley (MPV) reduction in organic chemistry is the reduction of ketones and aldehydes to their corresponding alcohols utilizing aluminium alkoxide catalysis in the presence of a sacrificial alcohol.
Michael Polanyi, (11 March 1891 – 22 February 1976) was a Hungarian-British polymath, who made important theoretical contributions to physical chemistry, economics, and philosophy.
Miller indices form a notation system in crystallography for planes in crystal (Bravais) lattices.
MSNBC is an American news cable and satellite television network that provides news coverage and political commentary from NBC News on current events.
Murray Raney (October 14, 1885 – March 3, 1966) was an American mechanical engineer born in Carrollton, Kentucky.
Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.
A nitrile is any organic compound that has a −C≡N functional group.
In nitrile reduction a nitrile is reduced to either an amine or an aldehyde with a suitable chemical reagent.
Nitro compounds are organic compounds that contain one or more nitro functional groups (−2).
Nitrobenzene is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5NO2.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
In chemistry, the Noyori asymmetric hydrogenation of ketones is a chemical reaction for the enantioselective hydrogenation of ketones, aldehydes, and imines.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Organic peroxides are organic compounds containing the peroxide functional group (ROOR′).
Organic Syntheses is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1921.
Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis and is concerned with the intentional construction of organic compounds.
Oxidative addition and reductive elimination are two important and related classes of reactions in organometallic chemistry.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Palladium is a chemical element with symbol Pd and atomic number 46.
Prof Paul Sabatier FRS(For) HFRSE (5 November 1854 – 14 August 1941) was a French chemist, born in Carcassonne.
The petrochemical industry is concerned with the production and trade of petrochemicals.
Petroleum coke, abbreviated coke or petcoke, is a final carbon-rich solid material that derives from oil refining, and is one type of the group of fuels referred to as cokes.
Phenylacetylene is an alkyne hydrocarbon containing a phenyl group.
Phosphine (IUPAC name: phosphane) is the compound with the chemical formula PH3.
The phosphonium (more obscurely: phosphinium) cation describes polyatomic cations with the chemical formula.
Platinum is a chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78.
Platinum black (Pt black) is a fine powder of platinum with good catalytic properties.
The plug flow reactor model (PFR, sometimes called continuous tubular reactor, CTR, or piston flow reactors) is a model used to describe chemical reactions in continuous, flowing systems of cylindrical geometry.
A polyol is an organic compound containing multiple hydroxyl groups.
Polyurethane (PUR and PU) is a polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links.
Potassium tert-butoxide is the chemical compound with the formula K+(CH3)3CO−.
A pressure vessel is a container designed to hold gases or liquids at a pressure substantially different from the ambient pressure.
A protecting group or protective group is introduced into a molecule by chemical modification of a functional group to obtain chemoselectivity in a subsequent chemical reaction.
In chemistry, a protic solvent is a solvent that has a hydrogen atom bound to an oxygen (as in a hydroxyl group) or a nitrogen (as in an amine group).
A pyrophoric substance (from Greek πυροφόρος, pyrophoros, "fire-bearing") ignites spontaneously in air at or below 55 °C (130 °F).
Quinoline is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound with the chemical formula C9H7N.
Raney nickel, also called spongy nickel, is a fine-grained solid composed mostly of nickel derived from a nickel-aluminium alloy.
The rate law or rate equation for a chemical reaction is an equation that links the reaction rate with the concentrations or pressures of the reactants and constant parameters (normally rate coefficients and partial reaction orders).
In chemistry, a reaction mechanism is the step by step sequence of elementary reactions by which overall chemical change occurs.
Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.
In chemistry, regioselectivity is the preference of one direction of chemical bond making or breaking over all other possible directions.
Resorcinol (or resorcin) is a benzenediol (''m''-dihydroxybenzene).
Round-bottom flasks (also called round-bottomed flasks, Flasks, round bottom, or R B Flasks) are types of flasks having spherical bottoms used as laboratory glassware, mostly for chemical or biochemical work.
Ruthenium is a chemical element with symbol Ru and atomic number 44.
The Sabatier reaction or Sabatier process was discovered by the French chemist Paul Sabatier in the 1910s.
In chemistry, saturation (from the Latin word saturare, meaning 'to fill') has diverse meanings, all based on the idea of reaching a maximum capacity.
Shelf life is the length of time that a commodity may be stored without becoming unfit for use, consumption, or sale.
Shortening is any fat that is a solid at room temperature and used to make crumbly pastry and other food products.
A sight glass or water gauge is a type of level sensor, a transparent tube through which the operator of a tank or boiler can observe the level of liquid contained within.
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
Steam reforming is a method for producing hydrogen, carbon monoxide, or other useful products from hydrocarbon fuels such as natural gas.
Styrene, also known as ethenylbenzene, vinylbenzene, and phenylethene, is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5CH.
In chemistry, a substrate is typically the chemical species being observed in a chemical reaction, which reacts with a reagent to generate a product.
Succinic acid is a dicarboxylic acid with the chemical formula (CH2)2(CO2H)2.
In organic chemistry, syn and anti addition are different ways in which two substituents can be added to a double bond or triple bond.
tert-Butyl alcohol (TBA), also called tert-butanol or t-butanol, is the simplest tertiary alcohol, with a formula of (CH3)3COH (sometimes represented as t-BuOH).
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
This is a timeline of the history of hydrogen technology.
Trans fat, also called trans-unsaturated fatty acids or trans fatty acids, are a type of unsaturated fat that occur in small amounts in nature but became widely produced industrially from vegetable fats starting in the 1950s for use in margarine, snack food, and packaged baked goods and for frying fast food.
Transfer hydrogenation is the addition of hydrogen (H2; dihydrogen in inorganic and organometallic chemistry) to a molecule from a source other than gaseous H2.
In organometallic chemistry, a transition metal alkyne complex is a coordination compound containing one or more alkyne ligands.
The transition state of a chemical reaction is a particular configuration along the reaction coordinate.
A triple bond in chemistry is a chemical bond between two atoms involving six bonding electrons instead of the usual two in a covalent single bond.
An unsaturated fat is a fat or fatty acid in which there is at least one double bond within the fatty acid chain.
Urushibara nickel is a nickel based hydrogenation catalyst, named after Yoshiyuki Urushibara.
Vegetable oils, or vegetable fats, are fats extracted from seeds, or less often, from other parts of fruits.
White spirit (UK)Primarily in the United Kingdom.
Wilhelm Normann (16 January 1870, in Petershagen – 1 May 1939, in Chemnitz) (sometimes also spelled Norman) was a German chemist who introduced the hydrogenation of fats in 1901, creating what later became known as trans fats.
Wilkinson's catalyst, is the common name for chloridotris(triphenylphosphane)rhodium(I), a coordination complex of rhodium with the formula RhCl(PPh3)3 (Ph.
World energy consumption is the total energy used by the entire human civilization.
Xylitol is a sugar alcohol used as a sweetener.
Xylose (cf. ξύλον, xylon, "wood") is a sugar first isolated from wood, and named for it.
A Ziegler–Natta catalyst, named after Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta, is a catalyst used in the synthesis of polymers of 1-alkenes (alpha-olefins).
(S)-iPr-PHOX, or (S)-2--4-isopropyl-4,5-dihydrooxazole, is a chiral, bidentate, ligand derived from the amino alcohol valinol.
1-Propanol is a primary alcohol with the formula CH3CH2CH2OH (sometimes represented as PrOH or n-PrOH).
Biohydrogenation, Catalytic addition of hydrogen, Catalytic hydrogenation, Homogeneous hydrogenation catalysis, Hydrogenate, Hydrogenated, Hydrogenated Oils, Hydrogenated cooking oils, Hydrogenated fat, Hydrogenated oil, Hydrogenated protein, Hydrogenated vegetable oil, Hydrogenated vegetable oils, Hydrogenator, Hydroretorting, Hydroretorting process, Partially Hydrogenated Oils, Partially hydrogenated, Partially hydrogenated oil, Partially hydrogenated soybean oil, Partially hydrogenated vegetable oil, Partially hydrogenated vegetable oils, Rhodium Catalyzed Hydrogenation, Rhodium catalyzed hydrogenation, Rhodium-catalyzed hydrogenation.