Aescin or escin is a mixture of saponins with anti-inflammatory, vasoconstrictor and vasoprotective effects found in Aesculus hippocastanum (the horse chestnut).
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a medical condition in which blood pools in the veins, straining the walls of the vein.
Doxorubicin, sold under the trade names Adriamycin among others, is a chemotherapy medication used to treat cancer.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Microangiopathy (or microvascular disease, or small vessel disease) is an angiopathy (i.e. disease of blood vessels) affecting small blood vessels in the body.
Monoxerutin is a flavonol, a type of flavonoid.
Rutin, also called rutoside, quercetin-3-O-rutinoside and sophorin, is the glycoside combining the flavonol quercetin and the disaccharide rutinose (α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranose).
Troxerutin is a flavonol, a type of flavonoid, derived from rutin.
0-(beta-hydroxyethyl)-rutosides, Hydroxyethyl rutinoside, Hydroxyethyl rutinosides, Hydroxyethylrutinoside, Hydroxyethylrutosides, O-(beta-hydroxyethyl)-rutosides, O-beta-hydroxyethyl-rutosides, Oxerutin, Oxerutins, Paroven, Relvene, Relvène, Venoruton.