98 relations: Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer, Airborne Real-time Cueing Hyperspectral Enhanced Reconnaissance, Airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer, Angular resolution, Archimedes Palimpsest, Australia, Bovine spongiform encephalopathy, Bremsstrahlung, Calcite, Cathodoluminescence, Cathodoluminescence microscope, Chandra X-ray Observatory, Chemical imaging, Color photography, Core sample, Countermeasure, Data cube, Death of Osama bin Laden, Digital Surf, Earth Observing-1, Electromagnetic spectrum, Electron energy loss spectroscopy, Electron microprobe, Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Feldspar, Food processing, Full spectral imaging, Garnet, Helium, Hexagon AB, Human eye, Imaging spectrometer, Imaging spectroscopy, Infrared signature, Infrared spectroscopy, Integral field spectrograph, Interferometry, Iron, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Journal of Biomedical Optics, Landsat program, Light, Liquid crystal tunable filter, Liquid nitrogen, Macular edema, MATLAB, Megabyte, Metamerism (color), MicroMSI, Microscopy, ..., MountainsMap, Multispectral image, Multivariate optical computing, Multivariate optical element, NASA, National Journal, Oil field, Olivine, Ophthalmology, Optical sorting, Opticks (software), Osama bin Laden, Osama bin Laden's compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, Photon etc., Pixel, Push broom scanner, Raman spectroscopy, Remote sensing, Retinopathy, Scanning electron microscope, Scanning transmission electron microscopy, SEAL Team Six, Sensor fusion, Signal-to-noise ratio, Silicon dioxide, Snapshot hyperspectral imaging, Spatial light modulator, Specim, Spectral imaging, Spectral signature, Spectroscopy, Staring array, Steel, Surveillance, Surveillance aircraft, Trichromacy, Tungsten, United States Geological Survey, United States Navy SEALs, Université de Montréal, Unmanned aerial vehicle, Utrecht University, Very Large Telescope, Video spectroscopy, Wageningen University and Research, Whisk broom scanner, X-ray. Expand index (48 more) » « Shrink index
The Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer (ACIS), formerly the AXAF CCD Imaging Spectrometer, is an instrument built by a team from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Center for Space Research and the Pennsylvania State University for the Chandra X-ray Observatory.
Airborne Real-time Cueing Hyperspectral Enhanced Reconnaissance, also known by the acronym ARCHER, is an aerial imaging system that produces ground images far more detailed than plain sight or ordinary aerial photography can.
The airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS) is the second in a series of imaging spectrometer instruments developed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) for Earth remote sensing.
Angular resolution or spatial resolution describes the ability of any image-forming device such as an optical or radio telescope, a microscope, a camera, or an eye, to distinguish small details of an object, thereby making it a major determinant of image resolution.
The Archimedes Palimpsest is a parchment codex palimpsest, which originally was a 10th-century Byzantine Greek copy of an otherwise unknown work of Archimedes of Syracuse and other authors.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as mad cow disease, is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy and fatal neurodegenerative disease in cattle that may be passed to humans who have eaten infected flesh.
Bremsstrahlung, from bremsen "to brake" and Strahlung "radiation"; i.e., "braking radiation" or "deceleration radiation", is electromagnetic radiation produced by the deceleration of a charged particle when deflected by another charged particle, typically an electron by an atomic nucleus.
Calcite is a carbonate mineral and the most stable polymorph of calcium carbonate (CaCO3).
Cathodoluminescence is an optical and electromagnetic phenomenon in which electrons impacting on a luminescent material such as a phosphor, cause the emission of photons which may have wavelengths in the visible spectrum.
A cathodoluminescence (CL) microscope combines methods from electron and regular (light optical) microscopes.
The Chandra X-ray Observatory (CXO), previously known as the Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), is a Flagship-class space observatory launched on STS-93 by NASA on July 23, 1999.
Chemical imaging (as quantitative – chemical mapping) is the analytical capability to create a visual image of components distribution from simultaneous measurement of spectra and spatial, time information.
Color (or colour) photography is photography that uses media capable of reproducing colors.
A core sample is a cylindrical section of (usually) a naturally occurring substance.
A countermeasure is a measure or action taken to counter or offset another one.
In computer programming contexts, a data cube (or datacube) is a multi-dimensional ("n-D") array of values.
Osama bin Laden, the founder and first leader of the Islamist group Al-Qaeda, was killed in Pakistan on May 2, 2011 shortly after 1:00 am PKT (20:00 UTC, May 1) by United States Navy SEALs of the U.S. Naval Special Warfare Development Group (also known as DEVGRU or SEAL Team Six).
Digital Surf is a French software company formed in 1989 mainly known for its MountainsMap software, that is offered as embedded or optional OEM surface analysis software by the majority of profilometer and microscope manufacturers.
Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) is a decommissioned NASA Earth observation satellite created to develop and validate a number of instrument and spacecraft bus breakthrough technologies.
The electromagnetic spectrum is the range of frequencies (the spectrum) of electromagnetic radiation and their respective wavelengths and photon energies.
In electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) a material is exposed to a beam of electrons with a known, narrow range of kinetic energies.
An electron microprobe (EMP), also known as an electron probe microanalyzer (EPMA) or electron micro probe analyzer (EMPA), is an analytical tool used to non-destructively determine the chemical composition of small volumes of solid materials.
Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS, EDX, EDXS or XEDS), sometimes called energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDXA) or energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDXMA), is an analytical technique used for the elemental analysis or chemical characterization of a sample.
Feldspars (KAlSi3O8 – NaAlSi3O8 – CaAl2Si2O8) are a group of rock-forming tectosilicate minerals that make up about 41% of the Earth's continental crust by weight.
Food processing is the transformation of cooked ingredients, by physical or chemical means into food, or of food into other forms.
Full spectral imaging is a form of Imaging spectroscopy and is the successor to Hyperspectral imaging.
Garnets are a group of silicate minerals that have been used since the Bronze Age as gemstones and abrasives.
Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.
Hexagon AB is a global technology group headquartered in Sweden.
The human eye is an organ which reacts to light and pressure.
An imaging spectrometer is an instrument used in hyperspectral imaging and imaging spectroscopy to acquire a spectrally-resolved image of an object or scene, often referred to as a datacube due to the three-dimensional representation of the data.
In imaging spectroscopy (also hyperspectral or spectral imaging) each pixel of an image acquires many bands of light intensity data from the spectrum, instead of just the three bands of the RGB color model.
The term infrared signature is used by defense scientists and the military to describe the appearance of objects to infrared sensors.
Infrared spectroscopy (IR spectroscopy or vibrational spectroscopy) involves the interaction of infrared radiation with matter.
An integral field spectrograph, or a spectrograph equipped with an integral field unit (IFU), is an optical instrument combining spectrographic and imaging capabilities, used to obtain spatially resolved spectra in astronomy and other fields of research such as bio-medical science and earth observation (or remote sensing).
Interferometry is a family of techniques in which waves, usually electromagnetic waves, are superimposed causing the phenomenon of interference in order to extract information.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is a federally funded research and development center and NASA field center in Pasadena, California, United States, with large portions of the campus in La Cañada Flintridge, California.
The Journal of Biomedical Optics is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by SPIE.
The Landsat program is the longest-running enterprise for acquisition of satellite imagery of Earth.
Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Liquid crystal tunable filters (LCTFs) are optical filters that use electronically controlled liquid crystal (LC) elements to transmit a selectable wavelength of light and exclude others.
Liquid nitrogen is nitrogen in a liquid state at an extremely low temperature.
Macular edema occurs when fluid and protein deposits collect on or under the macula of the eye (a yellow central area of the retina) and causes it to thicken and swell (edema).
MATLAB (matrix laboratory) is a multi-paradigm numerical computing environment and proprietary programming language developed by MathWorks.
The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
In colorimetry, metamerism is a perceived matching of the colors with different (nonmatching) spectral power distributions.
MicroMSI for Windows is a remote sensing imagery analysis program designed for use in introductory courses in remote sensing, developed by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.
Microscopy is the technical field of using microscopes to view objects and areas of objects that cannot be seen with the naked eye (objects that are not within the resolution range of the normal eye).
MountainsMap is an image analysis and surface metrology software published by the company Digital Surf.
A multispectral image is one that captures image data within specific wavelength ranges across the electromagnetic spectrum.
Multivariate Optical Computing, also known as Molecular Factor Computing, is an approach to the development of spectroscopic instruments, particularly for industrial applications such as process analytical support.
A multivariate optical element (MOE), is the key part of a multivariate optical computer; an alternative to conventional spectrometry for the chemical analysis of materials.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
National Journal is a research and advisory services company based in Washington, D.C. offering services in government affairs, advocacy communications and policy brands research for government and business leaders.
An "oil field" or "oilfield" is a region with an abundance of oil wells extracting petroleum (crude oil) from below ground.
The mineral olivine is a magnesium iron silicate with the formula (Mg2+, Fe2+)2SiO4.
Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine and surgery (both methods are used) that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eyeball and orbit.
Optical sorting (sometimes called digital sorting) is the automated process of sorting solid products using cameras and/or lasers.
Opticks is a remote sensing application that supports imagery, video (motion imagery), synthetic aperture radar (SAR), multi-spectral, hyper-spectral, and other types of remote sensing data.
Usama ibn Mohammed ibn Awad ibn Ladin (أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن), often anglicized as Osama bin Laden (March 10, 1957 – May 2, 2011), was a founder of, the organization responsible for the September 11 attacks in the United States and many other mass-casualty attacks worldwide.
Osama bin Laden's compound, known locally as the Waziristan Haveli (وزیرستان حویلی), was an upper-class mansion that was used as a safe house for militant Islamist Osama bin Laden, who was shot and killed there by U.S. forces on May 2, 2011.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
Photon etc. is a Canadian manufacturer of infrared cameras, hyperspectral imaging and spectroscopic scientific instruments for academic and industrial applications.
In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.
A push broom scanner (also known as an along-track scanner) is a device for obtaining images with spectroscopic sensors.
Raman spectroscopy (named after Indian physicist Sir C. V. Raman) is a spectroscopic technique used to observe vibrational, rotational, and other low-frequency modes in a system.
Remote sensing is the acquisition of information about an object or phenomenon without making physical contact with the object and thus in contrast to on-site observation.
Retinopathy is any damage to the retina of the eyes, which may cause vision impairment.
A scanning electron microscope (SEM) is a type of electron microscope that produces images of a sample by scanning the surface with a focused beam of electrons.
A scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) is a type of transmission electron microscope (TEM).
The United States Naval Special Warfare Development Group (NSWDG), commonly known as DEVGRU or SEAL Team Six, is the U.S. Navy component of the Joint Special Operations Command.
Sensor fusion is combining of sensory data or data derived from disparate sources such that the resulting information has less uncertainty than would be possible when these sources were used individually.
Signal-to-noise ratio (abbreviated SNR or S/N) is a measure used in science and engineering that compares the level of a desired signal to the level of background noise.
Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.
Snapshot hyperspectral imaging is a method for capturing hyperspectral images during a single integration time of a detector array.
A spatial light modulator (SLM) is an object that imposes some form of spatially varying modulation on a beam of light.
Specim, Spectral Imaging Ltd is a European technology firm headquartered in Oulu, Finland.
Spectral imaging is a branch of spectroscopy and of photography in which a complete spectrum or some spectral information (such as the Doppler shift or Zeeman splitting of a spectral line) is collected at every location in an image plane.
Spectral signature is the variation of reflectance or emittance of a material with respect to wavelengths (i.e.,reflectance/emittance as a function of wavelength).
Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.
A staring array, staring-plane array, focal-plane array (FPA), or focal-plane is an image sensing device consisting of an array (typically rectangular) of light-sensing pixels at the focal plane of a lens.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
Surveillance is the monitoring of behavior, activities, or other changing information for the purpose of influencing, managing, directing, or protecting people.
A surveillance aircraft is an aircraft used for surveillance—collecting information over time.
Trichromacy or trichromatism is the possessing of three independent channels for conveying color information, derived from the three different types of cone cells in the eye.
Tungsten, or wolfram, is a chemical element with symbol W (referring to wolfram) and atomic number 74.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.
The United States Navy's Sea, Air and Land Teams, commonly abbreviated as the Navy SEALs, are the U.S. Navy's primary special operations force and a component of the Naval Special Warfare Command.
The Université de Montréal (UdeM) is a public research university in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone, is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard.
Utrecht University (UU; Universiteit Utrecht, formerly Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht) is a university in Utrecht, the Netherlands.
The Very Large Telescope (VLT) is a telescope facility operated by the European Southern Observatory on Cerro Paranal in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile.
Video spectroscopy combines spectroscopic measurements with video technique.
Wageningen University & Research (also known as Wageningen UR; abbreviation: WUR) is a Dutch public university in Wageningen, Netherlands.
A whisk broom or spotlight sensor (also known as an across track scanner) is a technology for obtaining satellite images with optical cameras.
X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.