185 relations: Accountability, Accra, Address Supporting Organization, African Telecommunications Union, African Union Commission, AFRINIC, Agence France-Presse, Alternative DNS root, American Registry for Internet Numbers, Annenberg Foundation, Arab League, ARPANET, Asia-Pacific Network Information Centre, Asia-Pacific Telecommunity, Associated Press, Association of National Advertisers, At-Large Advisory Committee, BBC News, Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society, Bermuda, Bevil Wooding, Bill McDermott, Bob Goodlatte, By-law, California, CERN, Chairman, Charlatan, Chief executive officer, Chief technology officer, Chinese Taipei, CNN, Commonwealth Telecommunications Organisation, Cook Islands, Council of Europe, Council of European National Top Level Domain Registries, Country Code Names Supporting Organization, Country code top-level domain, Dan Kaminsky, DNS root zone, Domain name, Domain name registrar, Domain name registry, Domain name scams, Domain Name System, Duke Law Journal, Duke University, Duke University School of Law, Esther Dyson, European Broadcasting Union, ..., European Commission, European Space Agency, European Union, Fadi Chehadé, Federal Trade Commission, First Amendment to the United States Constitution, France, Freedom of information laws by country, Göran Marby, General Data Protection Regulation, Generic top-level domain, GeoTLD, Ghana, Global surveillance disclosures (2013–present), Harvard University, Hewlett-Packard, Holy See, Hong Kong, IEEE Registration Authority, Information Sciences Institute, Inter-American Telecommunication Commission, International Criminal Court, International Labour Organization, International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, International Telecommunication Union, Internationalized domain name, Internet, Internet Architecture Board, Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, Internet Engineering Task Force, Internet Governance Forum, Internet Protocol, Internet Society, InterNIC, Interplanetary Internet, Interpol, IPv4, IPv6, Jay Rockefeller, Jon Postel, Karl Auerbach, KnujOn, Latin America and Caribbean Network Information Centre, List of ICANN meetings, Los Angeles, Marina del Rey, California, Mark Zuckerberg, Member states of the United Nations, Memorandum of understanding, Montevideo Statement on the Future of Internet Cooperation, Montserrat, Multilateralism, Multistakeholder governance model, Murdoch University, National Telecommunications and Information Administration, NetMundial Initiative, Network Solutions, New Partnership for Africa's Development, Niue, Nonprofit organization, NPR, OECD, OneWebDay, OpenNIC, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Organization of American States, Organizational structure, Pacific Community, Pacific Islands Forum, Paul Kane (entrepreneur), PC World, Playa Vista, Los Angeles, Policy, Presidency of Barack Obama, President (corporate title), PRISM (surveillance program), Queueing theory, Réseaux IP Européens Network Coordination Centre, Regional Internet registry, RegisterFly, Rome, Root name server, Samsung, Site Finder, Spamming, Summit (meeting), The Coca-Cola Company, The Guardian, The Washington Post, Time (magazine), Top-down and bottom-up design, Top-level domain, Trademark, Trademark Clearinghouse, Tunisia, U.S. state, UNESCO, Uniform Domain-Name Dispute-Resolution Policy, United Nations, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, United States, United States Code, United States Constitution, United States Department of Commerce, United States Department of Defense, United States House of Representatives, United States Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship, Universal Postal Union, University of California, Los Angeles, University of Miami School of Law, University of Southern California, Verisign, Vint Cerf, Voice of America, Wait Listing Service, Westside (Los Angeles County), WHOIS, World Bank, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization, World Intellectual Property Organization, World Meteorological Organization, World Summit on the Information Society, World Trade Organization, World Wide Web Consortium, Yahoo! News, Yahoo! Tech, ZDNet, .asia, .cat, .eu, .jobs, .mobi, .travel. Expand index (135 more) » « Shrink index
In ethics and governance, accountability is answerability, blameworthiness, liability, and the expectation of account-giving.
Accra is the capital and largest city of Ghana, covering an area of with an estimated urban population of 2.27 million.
The Address Supporting Organization (ASO) is a supporting organization affiliated with ICANN.
The African Telecommunications Union (ATU) is an organization in Africa that combines countries and mobile telecommunications providers in an attempt to dramatically increase development of the continent's information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructure.
The Commission of the African Union acts as the executive/administrative branch or secretariat of the AU (and is somewhat analogous to the European Commission).
AFRINIC (African Network Information Centre) is the regional Internet registry (RIR) for Africa.
Agence France-Presse (AFP) is an international news agency headquartered in Paris, France.
The Internet uses the Domain Name System (DNS) to associate numeric computer IP addresses with human readable names.
The American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN) is the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) for Canada, the United States, and many Caribbean and North Atlantic islands.
The Annenberg Foundation is a family foundation that provides funding and support to non-profit organizations in the United States and around the world.
The Arab League (الجامعة العربية), formally the League of Arab States (جامعة الدول العربية), is a regional organization of Arab states in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Arabia.
The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an early packet switching network and the first network to implement the protocol suite TCP/IP.
APNIC (the Asia-Pacific Network Information Centre) is the Regional Internet address Registry (RIR) for the Asia-Pacific region.
The Asia Pacific Telecommunity (APT) was founded on the joint initiatives of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
The Association of National Advertisers (ANA) is a representative body for the marketing community in the United States.
The At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) is an advisory committee to ICANN, the organization that administers the Internet's Domain Name System and addressing system.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
The Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society is a research center at Harvard University that focuses on the study of cyberspace.
Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean.
Bevil Wooding is the Chief Knowledge Officer at Congress WBN, a Trinidad-based NGO in over 105 countries.
William R. "Bill" McDermott (born August 18, 1961) is the CEO of SAP SE.
Robert William Goodlatte (born September 22, 1952) is an American politician and attorney.
A by-law (bylaw) is a rule or law established by an organization or community to regulate itself, as allowed or provided for by some higher authority.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The European Organization for Nuclear Research (Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire), known as CERN (derived from the name Conseil européen pour la recherche nucléaire), is a European research organization that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world.
The chairman (also chairperson, chairwoman or chair) is the highest officer of an organized group such as a board, a committee, or a deliberative assembly.
A charlatan (also called a swindler or mountebank) is a person practicing quackery or some similar confidence trick or deception in order to obtain money, fame or other advantages via some form of pretense or deception.
Chief executive officer (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, administrator, or other leader in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution.
A Chief Technology Officer (CTO), sometimes known as a Chief Technical Officer, is an executive-level position in a company or other entity whose occupation is focused on scientific and technological issues within an organization.
"Chinese Taipei" is the name for Taiwan designated in the Nagoya Resolution whereby the Republic of China (ROC) and the People's Republic of China (PRC) recognize each other when it comes to the activities of the International Olympic Committee.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
The Commonwealth Telecommunications Organisation (CTO) traces to the British Empire's Pacific Cable Board in 1901, though in its current form, was created by International treaty, the Commonwealth Telegraphs Agreement between Commonwealth Nations signed in London on 11 May 1948.
The Cook Islands (Cook Islands Māori: Kūki 'Āirani) is a self-governing island country in the South Pacific Ocean in free association with New Zealand.
The Council of Europe (CoE; Conseil de l'Europe) is an international organisation whose stated aim is to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Europe.
The Council of European National Top-Level Domain Registries (CENTR) is the association of European Internet country code top-level domain registries, such as.de for Germany or.si for Slovenia.
The Country Code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO) of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is the policy-development body for a narrow range of global issues regarding country code top-level domains (ccTLD) within the ICANN structure.
A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is an Internet top-level domain generally used or reserved for a country, sovereign state, or dependent territory identified with a country code.
Dan Kaminsky is an American security researcher.
The DNS root zone is the top-level DNS zone in the hierarchical namespace of the Domain Name System (DNS) of the Internet.
A domain name is an identification string that defines a realm of administrative autonomy, authority or control within the Internet.
A domain name registrar is an organization that manages the reservation of Internet domain names.
A domain name registry is a database of all domain names and the associated registrant information in the top level domains of the Domain Name System (DNS) of the Internet that allow third party entities to request administrative control of a domain name.
Domain name scams are types of Intellectual property scams or confidence scams in which unscrupulous domain name registrars attempt to generate revenue by tricking businesses into buying, selling, listing or converting a domain name.
The Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical decentralized naming system for computers, services, or other resources connected to the Internet or a private network.
The Duke Law Journal is a student-run law review published at Duke University School of Law.
Duke University is a private, non-profit, research university located in Durham, North Carolina.
Duke University School of Law (also known as Duke Law School or Duke Law) is the law school and a constituent academic unit of Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States.
Esther Dyson (born 14 July 1951) is a Swiss-born American journalist, author, businesswoman, investor, commentator and philanthropist.
The European Broadcasting Union (EBU; Union européenne de radio-télévision, UER) is an alliance of public service media organisations, established on 12 February 1950.
The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Fadi Chehadé (Arabic: فادي شحادة) (born 1962) is an information technology executive, founder of RosettaNet and former Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of ICANN.
The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is an independent agency of the United States government, established in 1914 by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
The First Amendment (Amendment I) to the United States Constitution prevents Congress from making any law respecting an establishment of religion, prohibiting the free exercise of religion, or abridging the freedom of speech, the freedom of the press, the right to peaceably assemble, or to petition for a governmental redress of grievances.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Freedom of Information laws (FOI laws) allow access by the general public to data held by national governments.
Göran Marby is the CEO and President of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), a non-profit corporation based in California.
The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) (EU) 2016/679 is a regulation in EU law on data protection and privacy for all individuals within the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA).
Generic top-level domains (gTLDs) are one of the categories of top-level domains (TLDs) maintained by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) for use in the Domain Name System of the Internet.
A GeoTLD (geographic TLD) is a top-level domain in the Domain Name System of the Internet using the name of or invoking an association with a geographical, geopolitical, ethnic, linguistic or cultural community.
Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.
Ongoing news reports in the international media have revealed operational details about the United States National Security Agency (NSA) and its international partners' global surveillance of foreign nationals and U.S. citizens.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.
The Holy See (Santa Sede; Sancta Sedes), also called the See of Rome, is the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, the episcopal see of the Pope, and an independent sovereign entity.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
The IEEE Registration Authority is the administrative body that is responsible for registering and administering Organizationally Unique Identifiers (OUI) and other types of identifiers which are used in the computer and electronics industries (Individual Address Blocks (IAB), Manufacturer IDs, Standard Group MAC Addresses, Unique Registration Numbers (URN), EtherType values, etc.) The IEEE Registration Authority was formed in 1986 in response to a need for this service that was recognized by the P802 (LAN/MAN) standards group.
The USC Information Sciences Institute (ISI) is a component of the University of Southern California (USC) Viterbi School of Engineering, and specializes in research and development in information processing, computing, and communications technologies.
The Inter-American Telecommunication Commission or Comisión Interamericana de Telecomunicaciones (CITEL) is an entity of the Organization of American States.
The International Criminal Court (ICC or ICCt) is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal that sits in The Hague in the Netherlands.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour problems, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international humanitarian movement with approximately 17 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide which was founded to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering.
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; Union Internationale des Télécommunications (UIT)), originally the International Telegraph Union (Union Télégraphique Internationale), is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies.
An internationalized domain name (IDN) is an Internet domain name that contains at least one label that is displayed in software applications, in whole or in part, in a language-specific script or alphabet, such as Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Tamil, Hebrew or the Latin alphabet-based characters with diacritics or ligatures, such as French.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
The Internet Architecture Board (IAB) is "a committee of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and an advisory body of the Internet Society (ISOC).
The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is a function of ICANN, a nonprofit private American corporation that oversees global IP address allocation, autonomous system number allocation, root zone management in the Domain Name System (DNS), media types, and other Internet Protocol-related symbols and Internet numbers.
The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards, in particular the standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP).
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) is a multi-stakeholder forum for policy dialogue on issues of Internet governance.
The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries.
The Internet Society (ISOC) is an American non-profit organization founded in 1992 to provide leadership in Internet-related standards, education, access, and policy.
The Network Information Center (NIC), also known as InterNIC from 1993 until 1998, was the organization primarily responsible for Domain Name System (DNS) domain name allocations and X.500 directory services.
The interplanetary Internet (based on IPN, also called InterPlaNet) is a conceived computer network in space, consisting of a set of network nodes that can communicate with each other.
The International Criminal Police Organization (Organisation internationale de police criminelle; ICPO-INTERPOL), more commonly known as Interpol, is an international organization that facilitates international police cooperation.
Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) is the fourth version of the Internet Protocol (IP).
Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is the most recent version of the Internet Protocol (IP), the communications protocol that provides an identification and location system for computers on networks and routes traffic across the Internet.
John Davison "Jay" Rockefeller IV (born June 18, 1937) is an American politician who served as a United States Senator from West Virginia (1985-2015).
Jonathan Bruce Postel (August 6, 1943 – October 16, 1998) was an American computer scientist who made many significant contributions to the development of the Internet, particularly with respect to standards.
Karl Auerbach (born December 27, 1949 in Los Angeles, California) is a California attorney and internet protocol engineer who made many significant contributions to the development of the Internet, Internet governance and the commercialization of many internet technologies.
KnujOn, "no junk" spelled backwards and pronounced "new john", is a project involved in Internet security.
The Latin America and Caribbean Network Information Centre (LACNIC, Spanish: Registro de Direcciones de Internet para América Latina y Caribe, Portuguese: Registro de Endereçamento da Internet para América Latina e Caribe) is the Regional Internet Registry for the Latin American and Caribbean regions.
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) holds periodic public meetings rotated between continents for the purpose of encouraging global participation in its processes.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
Marina del Rey is an unincorporated seaside community and census-designated place (CDP) in Los Angeles County, California, United States.
Mark Elliot Zuckerberg (born May 14, 1984) is an American technology entrepreneur and philanthropist best known for co-founding and leading Facebook as its chairman and chief executive officer.
The United Nations member states are the sovereign states that are members of the United Nations (UN) and have equal representation in the UN General Assembly.
A memorandum of understanding (MoU) is a type of agreement between two (bilateral) or more (multilateral) parties.
The Montevideo Statement on the Future of Internet Cooperation was released on 7 October 2013 by the leaders of a number of organizations involved in coordinating the Internet's global technical infrastructure.
Montserrat is a Caribbean island in the Leeward Islands, which is part of the chain known as the Lesser Antilles, in the West Indies.
In international relations, multilateralism refers to an alliance of multiple countries pursuing a common goal.
The multistakeholder governance model, sometimes known as a multistakeholder initiative (MSI), is a governance structure that seeks to bring stakeholders together to participate in the dialogue, decision making, and implementation of solutions to common problems or goals.
Murdoch University is a public university in Perth, Western Australia, with campuses also in Singapore and Dubai.
The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) is an agency of the United States Department of Commerce that serves as the President's principal adviser on telecommunications policies pertaining to the United States' economic and technological advancement and to regulation of the telecommunications industry.
The NETmundial Initiative (NMI) was a controversial effort to create a new platform for internet governance issues.
Network Solutions, LLC is an American-based technology company founded in 1979.
The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) is an economic development program of the African Union.
Niue (Niuean: Niuē) is an island country in the South Pacific Ocean, northeast of New Zealand, east of Tonga, south of Samoa, and west of the Cook Islands.
A non-profit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity or non-profit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
OneWebDay is an annual day of Internet celebration and awareness held on September 22.
OpenNIC (also referred to as the OpenNIC Project) is a user-owned and -controlled top-level Network Information Center that offers a non-national alternative to traditional Top-Level Domain (TLD) registries such as ICANN.
Flag of the Francophonie The Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), generally known as the Francophonie (La Francophonie), but also called International Organisation of La Francophonie in English language context, is an international organization representing countries and regions where French is a lingua franca or customary language, where a significant proportion of the population are francophones (French speakers), or where there is a notable affiliation with French culture.
The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC; منظمة التعاون الإسلامي; Organisation de la coopération islamique) is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states, with a collective population of over 1.3 billion as of 2009 with 47 countries being Muslim Majority countries.
The Organization of American States (Organización de los Estados Americanos, Organização dos Estados Americanos, Organisation des États américains), or the OAS or OEA, is a continental organization that was founded on 30 April 1948, for the purposes of regional solidarity and cooperation among its member states.
An organizational structure defines how activities such as task allocation, coordination and supervision are directed toward the achievement of organizational aims.
The Pacific Community (SPC) is the principal scientific and technical organisation in the Pacific region.
The Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) is an inter-governmental organization that aims to enhance cooperation between the independent countries of the Pacific Ocean.
Paul Kane is chief executive of the British technology firm CommunityDNS and is one of seven people entrusted with a credit card like key to restart portions of the World Wide Web or internet which are secured with DNSSEC, after a catastrophic event such as a major security breach or terrorist attack.
PC World, stylized PCWorld, is a global computer magazine published monthly by IDG.
Playa Vista is a neighborhood located in the Westside of the City of Los Angeles, California, United States, north of LAX.
A policy is a deliberate system of principles to guide decisions and achieve rational outcomes.
The presidency of Barack Obama began at noon EST on January 20, 2009, when Barack Obama was inaugurated as 44th President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 2017.
The President is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group.
PRISM is a code name for a program under which the United States National Security Agency (NSA) collects internet communications from various U.S. internet companies.
Queueing theory is the mathematical study of waiting lines, or queues.
The Réseaux IP Européens Network Coordination Centre (RIPE NCC) is the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) for Europe, West Asia, and the former USSR.
A regional Internet registry (RIR) is an organization that manages the allocation and registration of Internet number resources within a particular region of the world.
RegisterFly was a New Jersey (U.S.) based internet hosting and domain name registrar that had their ICANN-accredited status terminated in March 2007.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
A root name server is a name server for the root zone of the Domain Name System (DNS) of the Internet.
Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.
Site Finder was a wildcard DNS record for all.com and.net unregistered domain names, run by.com and.net top-level domain operator VeriSign between 15 September 2003 and 4 October 2003.
Electronic spamming is the use of electronic messaging systems to send an unsolicited message (spam), especially advertising, as well as sending messages repeatedly on the same site.
A summit meeting (or just summit) is an international meeting of heads of state or government, usually with considerable media exposure, tight security, and a prearranged agenda.
The Coca-Cola Company is an American corporation, and manufacturer, retailer, and marketer of nonalcoholic beverage concentrates and syrups.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Top-down and bottom-up are both strategies of information processing and knowledge ordering, used in a variety of fields including software, humanistic and scientific theories (see systemics), and management and organization.
A top-level domain (TLD) is one of the domains at the highest level in the hierarchical Domain Name System of the Internet.
A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).
The Trademark Clearinghouse is a database of validated and registered trademarks established by ICANN to assist trademark holders prevent infringing behavior in the Domain Name System.
Tunisia (تونس; Berber: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; Tunisie), officially the Republic of Tunisia, (الجمهورية التونسية) is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, covering. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe in particular with France and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization. In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The Uniform Domain-Name Dispute-Resolution Policy (UDRP) is a process established by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) for the resolution of disputes regarding the registration of internet domain names.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA or ECA) was established in 1958 by the United Nations Economic and Social Council to encourage economic cooperation among its member states (the nations of the African continent) following a recommendation of the United Nations General Assembly.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The Code of Laws of the United States of America (variously abbreviated to Code of Laws of the United States, United States Code, U.S. Code, U.S.C., or USC) is the official compilation and codification of the general and permanent federal statutes of the United States.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.
The United States Department of Commerce is the Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with promoting economic growth.
The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
The U.S. Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship is a standing committee of the United States Senate.
The Universal Postal Union (UPU, Union postale universelle), established by the Treaty of Bern of 1874, is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that coordinates postal policies among member nations, in addition to the worldwide postal system.
The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) is a public research university in the Westwood district of Los Angeles, United States.
The University of Miami School of Law, founded in 1926, is the law school of the University of Miami, located in Coral Gables, Florida, in the United States.
The University of Southern California (USC or SC) is a private research university in Los Angeles, California.
Verisign, Inc. is an American company based in Reston, Virginia, United States that operates a diverse array of network infrastructure, including two of the Internet's thirteen root nameservers, the authoritative registry for the,, and generic top-level domains and the and country-code top-level domains, and the back-end systems for the,, and top-level domains.
Vinton Gray Cerf ForMemRS, (born June 23, 1943) is an American Internet pioneer, who is recognized as one of "the fathers of the Internet", sharing this title with TCP/IP co-inventor Bob Kahn.
Voice of America (VOA) is a U.S. government-funded international radio broadcast source that serves as the United States federal government's official institution for non-military, external broadcasting.
A wait-listing service (WLS) provided by a domain name registry provides the ability to option a domain name that is already registered.
The Los Angeles Westside is an urban region in western Los Angeles County, California.
WHOIS (pronounced as the phrase "who is") is a query and response protocol that is widely used for querying databases that store the registered users or assignees of an Internet resource, such as a domain name, an IP address block or an autonomous system, but is also used for a wider range of other information.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Swiss nonprofit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva, Switzerland.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of the 15 specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN).
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 191 Member States and Territories.
The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) was a two-phase United Nations-sponsored summit on information, communication and, in broad terms, the information society that took place in 2003 in Geneva and in 2005 in Tunis.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or W3).
Yahoo! News is a news website that originated as an internet-based news aggregator by Yahoo!.
Yahoo! Tech is a technology news web site operated by Yahoo!.
ZDNet is a business technology news website published by CBS Interactive, along with TechRepublic.
.asia is the official designated regional domain extension for Asia and the Pacific.
.cat is a sponsored top-level domain intended to be used to highlight the Catalan language and culture.
.eu is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the European Union (EU).
The domain name jobs is a sponsored top-level domain (sTLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet.
The domain name mobi is a top-level domain (TLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet.
The domain name.travel is a top-level domain in the Domain Name System of the Internet.
.sucks, Alternatives to ICANN, Global Domains Division, ICANN accredited, ICANN.sucks, Icann, Icann.org, Internet Corporation For Assigned Names and Numbers, Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, Protocol Supporting Organization.