115 relations: Abdomen, Abortion, Adhesion (medicine), Amputation, Apheresis, Arthroscopy, Audiology, Bandage, Biliary tract, Biofeedback, Biopsy, Breast, Bypass surgery, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Central nervous system, Cervical cerclage, Childbirth, Chiropractic, Colonic polypectomy, Crisis intervention, Cryptorchidism, Decompression sickness, Drainage (medical), Dressing (medical), Ear, Electroconvulsive therapy, Electromagnetic therapy, Endocrine system, Endometrial biopsy, Endoscopy, Extracorporeal, Extracorporeal shockwave therapy, Facial skeleton, Family therapy, Female reproductive system, Gallstone, Gastric bypass surgery, Gastrointestinal tract, Great vessels, Group psychotherapy, Heart, Heart transplantation, Hernia repair, Hip replacement, Human eye, Human head, Human leg, Human nose, Hyperthermia, Hypnosis, ..., Hypothermia, ICD-10 Clinical Modification, Incision and drainage, Inspection, International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Ligament, Light therapy, List of -ectomies, List of counseling topics, Lithotripsy, Liver biopsy, Lumbar, Lying (position), Lymph, Male reproductive system, Medical classification, Medical imaging, Medication therapy management, Medicine, Mental health, Mouth, Muscle, Narcosynthesis, Neck, Nephrectomy, Nuclear medicine, Obstetrics, Organ transplantation, Osteopathy, Osteotomy, Pancreas, Paranasal sinuses, Pelvis, Percutaneous, Peripheral nervous system, Physical therapy, Pregnancy, Procedure code, Psychological testing, Psychotherapy, Radiation therapy, Radiofrequency ablation, Replantation, Respiratory system, Rhytidectomy, Rib cage, Sacrum, Skin, Spinal fusion, Subcutaneous tissue, Substance abuse, Surgery, Synovial bursa, Tendon, Tendon transfer, Therapeutic ultrasound, Thorax, Throat, Thrombectomy, Traction (orthopedics), Tubal ligation, Ultraviolet light therapy, Upper limb, Urinary system, Vaginoplasty. Expand index (65 more) » « Shrink index
The abdomen (less formally called the belly, stomach, tummy or midriff) constitutes the part of the body between the thorax (chest) and pelvis, in humans and in other vertebrates.
Abortion is the ending of pregnancy by removing an embryo or fetus before it can survive outside the uterus.
Adhesions are fibrous bands that form between tissues and organs, often as a result of injury during surgery.
Amputation is the removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery.
Apheresis (ἀφαίρεσις (aphairesis, "a taking away")) is a medical technology in which the blood of a person is passed through an apparatus that separates out one particular constituent and returns the remainder to the circulation.The blood is filtered to remove the stem cells.
Arthroscopy (also called arthroscopic or keyhole surgery) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure on a joint in which an examination and sometimes treatment of damage is performed using an arthroscope, an endoscope that is inserted into the joint through a small incision.
Audiology (from Latin audīre, "to hear"; and from Greek -λογία, -logia) is a branch of science that studies hearing, balance, and related disorders.
A bandage is a piece of material used either to support a medical device such as a dressing or splint, or on its own to provide support to or to restrict the movement of a part of the body.
The biliary tract, (biliary tree or biliary system) refers to the liver, gall bladder and bile ducts, and how they work together to make, store and secrete bile.
Biofeedback is the process of gaining greater awareness of many physiological functions primarily using instruments that provide information on the activity of those same systems, with a goal of being able to manipulate them at will.
A biopsy is a medical test commonly performed by a surgeon, interventional radiologist, or an interventional cardiologist involving extraction of sample cells or tissues for examination to determine the presence or extent of a disease.
The breast is one of two prominences located on the upper ventral region of the torso of primates.
Bypass surgery refers to a class of surgeries involving rerouting a tubular body part.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), previously known as the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA), is a federal agency within the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) that administers the Medicare program and works in partnership with state governments to administer Medicaid, the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), and health insurance portability standards.
The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.
Cervical cerclage, also known as a cervical stitch, is a treatment for cervical incompetence or insufficiency, when the cervix starts to shorten and open too early during a pregnancy causing either a late miscarriage or preterm birth.
Childbirth, also known as labour and delivery, is the ending of a pregnancy by one or more babies leaving a woman's uterus by vaginal passage or C-section.
Chiropractic is a form of alternative medicine mostly concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system, especially the spine.
Colonic polypectomy is the removal of colorectal polyps in order to prevent them from turning cancerous.
Crisis intervention is an immediate and short-term psychological care aimed at assisting individuals in a crisis situation in order to restore equilibrium to their biopsychosocial functioning and to minimize the potential of long-term psychological trauma.
Cryptorchidism is the absence of one or both testes from the scrotum.
Decompression sickness (DCS; also known as divers' disease, the bends, aerobullosis, or caisson disease) describes a condition arising from dissolved gases coming out of solution into bubbles inside the body on depressurisation.
In medicine, drainage refers to the removal (taking or letting out) of fluids and/or gases from a body part.
A dressing is a sterile pad or compress applied to a wound to promote healing and protect the wound from further harm.
The ear is the organ of hearing and, in mammals, balance.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), formerly known as electroshock therapy, and often referred to as shock treatment, is a psychiatric treatment in which seizures are electrically induced in patients to provide relief from mental disorders.
Electromagnetic therapy or Electromagnetic field therapy refers to therapy involving the use of magnets or electromagnets.
The endocrine system is a chemical messenger system consisting of hormones, the group of glands of an organism that carry those hormones directly into the circulatory system to be carried towards distant target organs, and the feedback loops of homeostasis that the hormones drive.
The endometrial biopsy is a medical procedure that involves taking a tissue sample of the lining of the uterus.
An endoscopy (looking inside) is used in medicine to look inside the body.
An extracorporeal is a medical procedure which is performed outside the body.
Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is a treatment mostly used to treat kidney stones and in physical therapy and orthopedics.
The facial skeleton comprises the facial bones that may attach to form a portion of the skull.
Family therapy, also referred to as couple and family therapy, marriage and family therapy, family systems therapy, and family counseling, is a branch of psychotherapy that works with families and couples in intimate relationships to nurture change and development.
The female reproductive system is made up of the internal and external sex organs that function in reproduction of new offspring.
A gallstone is a stone formed within the gallbladder out of bile components. The term cholelithiasis may refer to the presence of gallstones or to the diseases caused by gallstones. Most people with gallstones (about 80%) never have symptoms. When a gallstone blocks the bile duct, a crampy pain in the right upper part of the abdomen, known as biliary colic (gallbladder attack) can result. This happens in 1–4% of those with gallstones each year. Complications of gallstones may include inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis), inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis), jaundice, and infection of a bile duct (cholangitis). Symptoms of these complications may include pain of more than five hours duration, fever, yellowish skin, vomiting, dark urine, and pale stools. Risk factors for gallstones include birth control pills, pregnancy, a family history of gallstones, obesity, diabetes, liver disease, or rapid weight loss. The bile components that form gallstones include cholesterol, bile salts, and bilirubin. Gallstones formed mainly from cholesterol are termed cholesterol stones, and those mainly from bilirubin are termed pigment stones. Gallstones may be suspected based on symptoms. Diagnosis is then typically confirmed by ultrasound. Complications may be detected on blood tests. The risk of gallstones may be decreased by maintaining a healthy weight through sufficient exercise and eating a healthy diet. If there are no symptoms, treatment is usually not needed. In those who are having gallbladder attacks, surgery to remove the gallbladder is typically recommended. This can be carried out either through several small incisions or through a single larger incision, usually under general anesthesia. In rare cases when surgery is not possible medication may be used to try to dissolve the stones or lithotripsy to break down the stones. In developed countries, 10–15% of adults have gallstones. Rates in many parts of Africa, however, are as low as 3%. Gallbladder and biliary related diseases occurred in about 104 million people (1.6%) in 2013 and they resulted in 106,000 deaths. Women more commonly have stones than men and they occur more commonly after the age of 40. Certain ethnic groups have gallstones more often than others. For example, 48% of Native Americans have gallstones. Once the gallbladder is removed, outcomes are generally good.
Gastric bypass surgery refers to a surgical procedure in which the stomach is divided into a small upper pouch and a much larger lower "remnant" pouch and then the small intestine is rearranged to connect to both.
The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.
Great vessels are the large vessels that bring blood to and from the heart.
Group psychotherapy or group therapy is a form of psychotherapy in which one or more therapists treat a small group of clients together as a group.
The heart is a muscular organ in most animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.
A heart transplant, or a cardiac transplant, is a surgical transplant procedure performed on patients with end-stage heart failure or severe coronary artery disease when other medical or surgical treatments have failed.
Hernia repair refers to a surgical operation for the correction of a hernia—a bulging of internal organs or tissues through the wall that contains it.
Hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which the hip joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant, that is, a hip prosthesis.
The human eye is an organ which reacts to light and pressure.
In human anatomy, the head is the upper portion of the human body.
The human leg, in the general meaning, is the entire lower limb of the human body, including the foot, thigh and even the hip or gluteal region.
The human nose is the protruding part of the face that bears the nostrils.
Hyperthermia is elevated body temperature due to failed thermoregulation that occurs when a body produces or absorbs more heat than it dissipates.
Hypnosis is a state of human consciousness involving focused attention and reduced peripheral awareness and an enhanced capacity to respond to suggestion.
Hypothermia is reduced body temperature that happens when a body dissipates more heat than it absorbs.
International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) provided by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), for medical coding and reporting in the United States.
Incision and drainage and clinical lancing are minor surgical procedures to release pus or pressure built up under the skin, such as from an abscess, boil, or infected paranasal sinus.
An inspection is, most generally, an organized examination or formal evaluation exercise.
The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the international "standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology, health management and clinical purposes." Its full official name is International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. The ICD is maintained by the World Health Organization (WHO), the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations System.
A ligament is the fibrous connective tissue that connects bones to other bones.
Light therapy—or phototherapy, classically referred to as heliotherapy—consists of exposure to daylight or to specific wavelengths of light using polychromatic polarised light, lasers, light-emitting diodes, fluorescent lamps, dichroic lamps or very bright, full-spectrum light.
The surgical terminology suffix "-ectomy" was taken from Greek εκ-τομια.
Counseling is the activity of the counselor, or a professional who counsels people, especially on personal problems and difficulties.
Lithotripsy is a medical procedure involving the physical destruction of hardened masses like kidney stones, bezoars or gallstones.
Liver biopsy is the biopsy (removal of a small sample of tissue) from the liver.
In tetrapod anatomy, lumbar is an adjective that means of or pertaining to the abdominal segment of the torso, between the diaphragm and the sacrum. The lumbar region is sometimes referred to as the lower spine, or as an area of the back in its proximity.
Lying, also called recumbency or prostration, or decubitus in medicine (from the Latin verb decumbere ′to lie down′), is a type of human position in which the body is more or less horizontal and supported along its length by the surface underneath.
Lymph is the fluid that circulates throughout the lymphatic system.
The male reproductive system consists of a number of sex organs that play a role in the process of human reproduction.
Medical classification, or medical coding, is the process of transforming descriptions of medical diagnoses and procedures into universal medical code numbers.
Medical imaging is the technique and process of creating visual representations of the interior of a body for clinical analysis and medical intervention, as well as visual representation of the function of some organs or tissues (physiology).
Medication Therapy Management (MTM) is medical care provided by pharmacists whose aim is to optimize drug therapy and improve therapeutic outcomes for patients.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Mental health is a level of psychological well-being or an absence of mental illness.
In animal anatomy, the mouth, also known as the oral cavity, buccal cavity, or in Latin cavum oris, is the opening through which many animals take in food and issue vocal sounds.
Muscle is a soft tissue found in most animals.
In the post-World War II era, the technique of narcosynthesis (as it was later called) was developed by psychiatrists as a means of treating patients who suffered from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
The neck is the part of the body, on many vertebrates, that separates the head from the torso.
Nephrectomy is the surgical removal of a kidney.
Nuclear medicine is a medical specialty involving the application of radioactive substances in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
Obstetrics is the field of study concentrated on pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period.
Organ transplantation is a medical procedure in which an organ is removed from one body and placed in the body of a recipient, to replace a damaged or missing organ.
Osteopathy is a type of alternative medicine that emphasizes manual readjustments, myofascial release and other physical manipulation of muscle tissue and bones.
An osteotomy is a surgical operation whereby a bone is cut to shorten or lengthen it or to change its alignment.
The pancreas is a glandular organ in the digestive system and endocrine system of vertebrates.
Paranasal sinuses are a group of four paired air-filled spaces that surround the nasal cavity.
The pelvis (plural pelves or pelvises) is either the lower part of the trunk of the human body between the abdomen and the thighs (sometimes also called pelvic region of the trunk) or the skeleton embedded in it (sometimes also called bony pelvis, or pelvic skeleton).
In surgery, a percutaneous procedure is any medical procedure or method where access to inner organs or other tissue is done via needle-puncture of the skin, rather than by using an "open" approach where inner organs or tissue are exposed (typically with the use of a scalpel).
The peripheral nervous system (PNS) is one of the two components of the nervous system, the other part is the central nervous system (CNS).
Physical therapy (PT), also known as physiotherapy, is one of the allied health professions that, by using mechanical force and movements (bio-mechanics or kinesiology), manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy, remediates impairments and promotes mobility and function.
Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman.
Procedure codes are a sub-type of medical classification used to identify specific surgical, medical, or diagnostic interventions.
Psychological testing is the administration of psychological tests, which are designed to be "an objective and standardized measure of a sample of behavior".
Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change behavior and overcome problems in desired ways.
Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator.
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a medical procedure in which part of the electrical conduction system of the heart, tumor or other dysfunctional tissue is ablated using the heat generated from medium frequency alternating current (in the range of 350–500 kHz).
Replantation has been defined by the American Society for Surgery of the Hand as "the surgical reattachment of a body part, most commonly a finger, hand or arm, that has been completely cut from a person's body." According to the ICD-10-PCS, in the Medical and Surgical Section 0, root operation M, reattachment is the putting back in or on all or a portion of a separated body part to its normal location, or other suitable location.
The respiratory system (also respiratory apparatus, ventilatory system) is a biological system consisting of specific organs and structures used for gas exchange in animals and plants.
A facelift, technically known as a rhytidectomy (from Ancient Greek ῥυτίς (rhytis) "wrinkle" + ἐκτομή (ektome) "excision", surgical removal of wrinkles), is a type of cosmetic surgery procedure used to give a more youthful facial appearance.
The rib cage is an arrangement of bones in the thorax of most vertebrates.
The sacrum (or; plural: sacra or sacrums) in human anatomy is a large, triangular bone at the base of the spine, that forms by the fusing of sacral vertebrae S1S5 between 18 and 30years of age.
Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.
Spinal fusion, also called spondylodesis or spondylosyndesis, is a neurosurgical or orthopedic surgical technique that joins two or more vertebrae.
The subcutaneous tissue, also called the hypodermis, hypoderm, subcutis, or superficial fascia, is the lowermost layer of the integumentary system in vertebrates.
Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others, and is a form of substance-related disorder.
Surgery (from the χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.
A bursa (plural bursae or bursas) is a small fluid-filled sac lined by synovial membrane with an inner capillary layer of viscous synovial fluid (similar in consistency to that of a raw egg white).
A tendon or sinew is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that usually connects muscle to bone and is capable of withstanding tension.
A tendon transfer is a surgical process in which the insertion of a tendon is moved, but the origin remains in the same location.
Therapeutic ultrasound refers generally to any type of ultrasonic procedure that uses ultrasound for therapeutic benefit.
The thorax or chest (from the Greek θώραξ thorax "breastplate, cuirass, corslet" via thorax) is a part of the anatomy of humans and various other animals located between the neck and the abdomen.
In vertebrate anatomy, the throat is the front part of the neck, positioned in front of the vertebra.
Mechanical thrombectomy, or simply thrombectomy, is the interventional procedure of removing a blood clot (thrombus) from a blood vessel.
In orthopedic medicine, traction refers to the set of mechanisms for straightening broken bones or relieving pressure on the spineBurke, G.L., "" and skeletal system.
Tubal ligation or tubectomy (also known as having one's "tubes tied") is a surgical procedure for sterilization in which a woman's fallopian tubes are clamped and block and sealed, either of which prevents eggs from reaching the uterus for implantation.
Ultraviolet light therapy or ultraviolet phototherapy is a form of treatment for certain skin disorders including atopic skin disorder and vitiligo when used with psoralen to form the PUVA treatment.
The upper limb or upper extremity is the region in a vertebrate animal extending from the deltoid region up to and including the hand, including the arm, axilla and shoulder.
The urinary system, also known as the renal system or urinary tract, consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra.
Vaginoplasty is any surgical procedure that results in the construction or reconstruction of the vagina.