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IJ (digraph)

Index IJ (digraph)

IJ (lowercase ij) is a digraph of the letters i and j. Occurring in the Dutch language, it is sometimes considered a ligature, or even a letter in itselfalthough in most fonts that have a separate character for ij, the two composing parts are not connected but are separate glyphs, sometimes slightly kerned. [1]

95 relations: Acute accent, Afrikaans, Amsterdam, Anglicisation, Anner Bylsma, Arie Luyendyk, ASCII, Atari ST character set, Australia, AZERTY, Belgium, Berlin, Bijection, Canada, Character encoding, Code page 1102, Combining character, Compound (linguistics), Computer font, CPAN, Crossword, Diaeresis (diacritic), Dialect, Digital Equipment Corporation, Digraph (orthography), Diphthong, Dirk Kuyt, Dutch Braille, Dutch language, Dutch Language Union, Dutch Low Saxon, Dutch West India Company, Feijenoord district, Feyenoord, French Braille, French language, GEM character set, Genootschap Onze Taal, Glyph, Handwriting, History of Dutch orthography, Hypercorrection, Hyphen, IBM, IJ (Amsterdam), IJmuiden, IJsselmeer, ISO/IEC 8859, J, Johan Cruyff, ..., Katakana, Kerning, Latin Extended-A, Lingo (Dutch game show), List of Dutch dictionaries, Loanword, Lotus Multi-Byte Character Set, Lotus Software, Low German, Mathematics, Microsoft Word, Middle Ages, National Replacement Character Set, NATO phonetic alphabet, Netherlands, Paris, PDF, Piet Pieterszoon Hein, Proper noun, QWERTY, Ri (kana), Roman numerals, Rotterdam, Ruud van Nistelrooy, Schwa, Scrabble, Snyder (surname), Spelling alphabet, Spyker, Stress (linguistics), Swash (typography), Telephone directory, Typographic ligature, Unicode, Upsilon, Van Dale, West Flemish, Winkler Prins, Y, Yellow pages, Yiddish orthography, Yodh, Yser, Yser Tower, Zeelandic. Expand index (45 more) »

Acute accent

The acute accent (´) is a diacritic used in many modern written languages with alphabets based on the Latin, Cyrillic, and Greek scripts.

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Afrikaans

Afrikaans is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe.

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Amsterdam

Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.

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Anglicisation

Anglicisation (or anglicization, see English spelling differences), occasionally anglification, anglifying, englishing, refers to modifications made to foreign words, names and phrases to make them easier to spell, pronounce, or understand in English.

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Anner Bylsma

Anner Bylsma (born Anne Bijlsma 17 February 1934, The Hague) is a Dutch cellist who plays on both modern and period instruments in a historically informed style.

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Arie Luyendyk

Arie Luijendijk (anglicised as Arie Luyendyk; born 21 September 1953) is a Dutch former auto racing driver, and winner of the 1990 and 1997 Indianapolis 500 races.

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ASCII

ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character encoding standard for electronic communication.

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Atari ST character set

The Atari ST character set is the character set of the Atari ST personal computer family including the Atari STE, TT and Falcon.

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Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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AZERTY

AZERTY is a specific layout for the characters of the Latin alphabet on typewriter keys and computer keyboards.

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Belgium

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Berlin

Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.

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Bijection

In mathematics, a bijection, bijective function, or one-to-one correspondence is a function between the elements of two sets, where each element of one set is paired with exactly one element of the other set, and each element of the other set is paired with exactly one element of the first set.

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Canada

Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Character encoding

Character encoding is used to represent a repertoire of characters by some kind of encoding system.

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Code page 1102

Code page 1102, also known as CP1102 or NL7DEC, is an IBM code page number assigned to the Dutch variant of DEC's National Replacement Character Set (NRCS).

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Combining character

In digital typography, combining characters are characters that are intended to modify other characters.

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Compound (linguistics)

In linguistics, a compound is a lexeme (less precisely, a word) that consists of more than one stem.

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Computer font

A computer font (or font) is implemented as a digital data file containing a set of graphically related glyphs, characters, or symbols such as dingbats.

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CPAN

The Comprehensive Perl Archive Network (CPAN) is a repository of over 250,000 software modules and accompanying documentation for 39,000 distributions, written in the Perl programming language by over 12,000 contributors.

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Crossword

A crossword is a word puzzle that usually takes the form of a square or a rectangular grid of white-and black-shaded squares.

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Diaeresis (diacritic)

The diaeresis (plural: diaereses), also spelled diæresis or dieresis and also known as the tréma (also: trema) or the umlaut, is a diacritical mark that consists of two dots placed over a letter, usually a vowel.

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Dialect

The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.

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Digital Equipment Corporation

Digital Equipment Corporation, also known as DEC and using the trademark Digital, was a major American company in the computer industry from the 1950s to the 1990s.

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Digraph (orthography)

A digraph or digram (from the δίς dís, "double" and γράφω gráphō, "to write") is a pair of characters used in the orthography of a language to write either a single phoneme (distinct sound), or a sequence of phonemes that does not correspond to the normal values of the two characters combined.

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Diphthong

A diphthong (or; from Greek: δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally "two sounds" or "two tones"), also known as a gliding vowel, is a combination of two adjacent vowel sounds within the same syllable.

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Dirk Kuyt

Dirk Kuyt (Dutch: Dirk Kuijt;; born 22 July 1980) is a Dutch former professional footballer who last played for Quick Boys.

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Dutch Braille

Dutch Braille is the braille alphabet used for the Dutch language in the Netherlands (but not in Flanders).

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Dutch language

The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.

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Dutch Language Union

The Dutch Language Union (Dutch:, NTU) is an international regulatory institution that governs issues regarding the Dutch language.

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Dutch Low Saxon

Dutch Low Saxon (Nederlands Nedersaksisch; Dutch Low Saxon: Nederlaands Leegsaksies) are the Low Saxon dialects that are spoken in the northeastern Netherlands and are written there with local, unstandardised orthographies based on Standard Dutch orthography.

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Dutch West India Company

Dutch West India Company (Geoctroyeerde Westindische Compagnie, or GWIC; Chartered West India Company) was a chartered company (known as the "WIC") of Dutch merchants as well as foreign investors.

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Feijenoord district

Feijenoord, not to be confused with the neighbourhood Feijenoord (which is located in the Feijenoord district) is a district in Rotterdam and is located south of the Nieuwe Maas.

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Feyenoord

Feyenoord Rotterdam is a Dutch professional football club based in Rotterdam, playing in the Eredivisie.

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French Braille

French Braille is the original braille alphabet, and the basis of all others.

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French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.

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GEM character set

The GEM character set is the character set of Digital Research's graphical user interface GEM on Intel platforms.

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Genootschap Onze Taal

Genootschap Onze Taal (Society for our language) is a Dutch society dedicated to the Dutch language.

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Glyph

In typography, a glyph is an elemental symbol within an agreed set of symbols, intended to represent a readable character for the purposes of writing.

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Handwriting

Handwriting is the writing done with a writing instrument, such as a pen or pencil, in the hand.

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History of Dutch orthography

The history of Dutch orthography covers the changes in spelling of Dutch both in the Netherlands itself and in the Dutch-speaking region of Flanders in Belgium.

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Hypercorrection

In linguistics or usage, hypercorrection is a non-standard usage that results from the over-application of a perceived rule of grammar or a usage prescription.

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Hyphen

The hyphen (‐) is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word.

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IBM

The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.

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IJ (Amsterdam)

The IJ (pronounced; sometimes shown on old maps as Y or Ye) is a body of water, formerly a bay, in the Dutch province of North Holland.

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IJmuiden

IJmuiden is a port city in the Dutch province of North Holland and is the main town in the municipality of Velsen.

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IJsselmeer

The IJsselmeer (West Frisian language: Iselmar), is a closed off inland bay in the central Netherlands bordering the provinces of Flevoland, North Holland and Friesland.

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ISO/IEC 8859

ISO/IEC 8859 is a joint ISO and IEC series of standards for 8-bit character encodings.

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J

J is the tenth letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.

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Johan Cruyff

Hendrik Johannes "Johan" Cruijff OON (anglicised to Cruyff; 25 April 1947 – 24 March 2016) was a Dutch professional football player and coach.

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Katakana

is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system along with hiragana, kanji, and in some cases the Latin script (known as rōmaji).

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Kerning

In typography, kerning is the process of adjusting the spacing between characters in a proportional font, usually to achieve a visually pleasing result.

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Latin Extended-A

Latin Extended-A is a Unicode block and is the third block of the Unicode standard.

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Lingo (Dutch game show)

Lingo was a Dutch television game show produced by AVROTROS (earlier VARA, later TROS).

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List of Dutch dictionaries

Notable dictionaries of the Dutch language include.

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Loanword

A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.

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Lotus Multi-Byte Character Set

The Lotus Multi-Byte Character Set (LMBCS) is a proprietary multi-byte character encoding originally conceived in 1988 at Lotus Development Corporation with input from Bob Balaban and others.

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Lotus Software

Lotus Software (called Lotus Development Corporation before its acquisition by IBM) was an American software company based in Massachusetts.

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Low German

Low German or Low Saxon (Plattdütsch, Plattdüütsch, Plattdütsk, Plattduitsk, Nedersaksies; Plattdeutsch, Niederdeutsch; Nederduits) is a West Germanic language spoken mainly in northern Germany and the eastern part of the Netherlands.

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Mathematics

Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.

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Microsoft Word

Microsoft Word (or simply Word) is a word processor developed by Microsoft.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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National Replacement Character Set

The National Replacement Character Set, or NRCS for short, was a feature supported by later models of Digital's (DEC) computer terminal systems, starting with the VT200 series in 1983.

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NATO phonetic alphabet

The NATO phonetic alphabet, officially denoted as the International Radiotelephony Spelling Alphabet, and also commonly known as the ICAO phonetic alphabet, and in a variation also known officially as the ITU phonetic alphabet and figure code, is the most widely used radiotelephone spelling alphabet.

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Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Paris

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.

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PDF

The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.

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Piet Pieterszoon Hein

Pieter Pietersen Heyn (Hein) (25 November 1577 – 18 June 1629) was a Dutch admiral and privateer for the Dutch Republic during the Eighty Years' War between the United Provinces and Spain.

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Proper noun

A proper noun is a noun that in its primary application refers to a unique entity, such as London, Jupiter, Sarah, or Microsoft, as distinguished from a common noun, which usually refers to a class of entities (city, planet, person, corporation), or non-unique instances of a specific class (a city, another planet, these persons, our corporation).

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QWERTY

QWERTY is a keyboard design for Latin-script alphabets.

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Ri (kana)

り, in hiragana, or リ in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, each of which represent one mora.

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Roman numerals

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.

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Rotterdam

Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, in South Holland within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.

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Ruud van Nistelrooy

Rutgerus Johannes Martinus "Ruud" van Nistelrooy (Ruud van Nistelrooij;; born 1 July 1976) is a retired Dutch footballer and a current manager for the PSV youth team.

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Schwa

In linguistics, specifically phonetics and phonology, schwa (rarely or; sometimes spelled shwa) is the mid central vowel sound (rounded or unrounded) in the middle of the vowel chart, denoted by the IPA symbol ə, or another vowel sound close to that position.

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Scrabble

Scrabble is a word game in which two to four players score points by placing tiles bearing a single letter onto a board divided into a 15×15 grid of squares.

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Snyder (surname)

Snyder is an Anglicized occupational surname derived from Dutch Snijder "tailor" (alternatively spelled "Snyder" in the past, see "ij"/"y"), related to modern Dutch Snijders and Sneijder.

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Spelling alphabet

A spelling alphabet, word-spelling alphabet, voice procedure alphabet, radio alphabet, or telephone alphabet is a set of words used to stand for the letters of an alphabet in oral communication.

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Spyker

Spyker or Spijker was a Dutch carriage, automobile and aircraft manufacturer, started in 1880 by blacksmiths Jacobus and Hendrik-Jan Spijker.

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Stress (linguistics)

In linguistics, and particularly phonology, stress or accent is relative emphasis or prominence given to a certain syllable in a word, or to a certain word in a phrase or sentence.

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Swash (typography)

A swash is a typographical flourish, such as an exaggerated serif, terminal, tail, entry stroke, etc., on a glyph.

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Telephone directory

A telephone directory, also known as a telephone book, telephone address book, phone book, or the white/yellow pages, is a listing of telephone subscribers in a geographical area or subscribers to services provided by the organization that publishes the directory.

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Typographic ligature

In writing and typography, a ligature occurs where two or more graphemes or letters are joined as a single glyph.

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Unicode

Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.

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Upsilon

Upsilon (or; uppercase Υ, lowercase υ; ύψιλον ýpsilon) or ypsilon is the 20th letter of the Greek alphabet.

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Van Dale

Van Dale's Great Dictionary of the Dutch Language (Van Dale Groot woordenboek van de Nederlandse taal), called Dikke Van Dale for short, is the leading dictionary of the Dutch language.

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West Flemish

West Flemish (West-Vlaams, flamand occidental) is a dialect of the Dutch language spoken in western Belgium and adjoining parts of the Netherlands and France.

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Winkler Prins

The Winkler Prins is a Dutch encyclopedia, founded by the Dutch poet and clergyman Anthony Winkler Prins (1817-1908) and published by Elsevier, which ran through 9 editions; the first, issued in 16 volumes from 1870 to 1882, and the last (the final in book form), numbering 26 volumes, from 1990 to 1993.

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Y

Y (named wye, plural wyes) is the 25th and penultimate letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.

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Yellow pages

The yellow pages are any telephone directory of businesses, organized by category rather than alphabetically by business name, and in which advertising is sold.

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Yiddish orthography

Yiddish orthography is the writing system used for the Yiddish language.

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Yodh

Yodh (also spelled yud, yod, jod, or jodh) is the tenth letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician Yōd, Hebrew Yōd, Aramaic Yodh, Syriac Yōḏ ܚ, and Arabic ي (in abjadi order, 28th in modern order).

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Yser

The Yser (l'Yser, IJzer) is a river that rises in French Flanders (the north of France), enters the Belgian province of West Flanders and flows through the Ganzepoot and into the North Sea at the town of Nieuwpoort.

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Yser Tower

The Yser Tower (Dutch: IJzertoren) is a memorial along the Belgian Yser river in Diksmuide.

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Zeelandic

Zeelandic (Zeêuws; Zeeuws in Dutch) is a Low Franconian dialect of Dutch spoken in the southwestern parts of the Netherlands, more specifically the southernmost part of South Holland (Goeree-Overflakkee) and large parts of the province of Zeeland, with the notable exception of eastern Zeelandic Flanders.

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Redirects here:

Dutch IJ, Dutch Y, IJ (letter combination), IJ (letter), IJ (ligature), Ij (digraph), IJ, IJ (digraph), IJ (letter combination), IJ (letter), IJ (ligature).

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IJ_(digraph)

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