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IP address

Index IP address

An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label assigned to each device connected to a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication. [1]

82 relations: Address space, Anycast, ARPANET, Binary number, Bit, Blacklist (computing), Border Gateway Protocol, Broadcasting (networking), Classful network, Classless Inter-Domain Routing, Command-line interface, Computer network, De facto standard, Domain Name System, Dot-decimal notation, Dotdash, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, Firewall (computing), Geolocation, Geolocation software, Header (computing), Hexadecimal, Hostname, Human-readable medium, Identification (information), Ifconfig, Intermediary, Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, Internet Engineering Task Force, Internet Protocol, Internet service provider, Internet Stream Protocol, IP address, IP address blocking, IP address spoofing, IP aliasing, IP multicast, Ipconfig, Iproute2, IPv4, IPv4 address exhaustion, IPv6, IPv6 deployment, Jon Postel, Link-local address, List of assigned /8 IPv4 address blocks, MAC address, Microsoft, Microsoft Windows, Multicast address, ..., Neighbor Discovery Protocol, Netsh, Netstat, Network address, Network address translation, Network packet, Network planning and design, Octal, Octet (computing), Operating system, Point-to-Point Protocol, Private network, Proxy server, Regional Internet registry, Residential gateway, Reverse DNS lookup, Route (command), Scalability, Shared web hosting service, Stat (system call), Steve Deering, Subnetwork, Unicast, Unique local address, Unix-like, Virtual IP address, Voice over IP, Web server, Whitelisting, WHOIS, Zero-configuration networking, 32-bit. Expand index (32 more) »

Address space

In computing, an address space defines a range of discrete addresses, each of which may correspond to a network host, peripheral device, disk sector, a memory cell or other logical or physical entity.

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Anycast

Anycast is a network addressing and routing methodology in which a single destination address has multiple routing paths to two or more endpoint destinations.

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ARPANET

The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an early packet switching network and the first network to implement the protocol suite TCP/IP.

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Binary number

In mathematics and digital electronics, a binary number is a number expressed in the base-2 numeral system or binary numeral system, which uses only two symbols: typically 0 (zero) and 1 (one).

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Bit

The bit (a portmanteau of binary digit) is a basic unit of information used in computing and digital communications.

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Blacklist (computing)

In computing, a blacklist or block list is a basic access control mechanism that allows through all elements (email addresses, users, passwords, URLs, IP addresses, domain names, file hashes, etc.), except those explicitly mentioned.

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Border Gateway Protocol

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is a standardized exterior gateway protocol designed to exchange routing and reachability information among autonomous systems (AS) on the Internet.

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Broadcasting (networking)

In computer networking, telecommunication and information theory, broadcasting is a method of transferring a message to all recipients simultaneously.

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Classful network

A classful network is a network addressing architecture used in the Internet from 1981 until the introduction of Classless Inter-Domain Routing in 1993.

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Classless Inter-Domain Routing

Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR) is a method for allocating IP addresses and IP routing.

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Command-line interface

A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).

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Computer network

A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources.

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De facto standard

A standard is a custom or convention that has achieved a dominant position by public acceptance or market forces (for example, by early entrance to the market).

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Domain Name System

The Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical decentralized naming system for computers, services, or other resources connected to the Internet or a private network.

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Dot-decimal notation

Dot-decimal notation is a presentation format for numerical data.

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Dotdash

Dotdash (formerly About.com) is an American Internet-based network of content that publishes articles and videos about various subjects on its "topic sites", of which there are nearly 1,000.

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Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a network management protocol used on UDP/IP networks whereby a DHCP server dynamically assigns an IP address and other network configuration parameters to each device on a network so they can communicate with other IP networks.

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Firewall (computing)

In computing, a firewall is a network security system that monitors and controls incoming and outgoing network traffic based on predetermined security rules.

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Geolocation

Geolocation is the identification or estimation of the real-world geographic location of an object, such as a radar source, mobile phone, or Internet-connected computer terminal.

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Geolocation software

In computing, geolocation software is software that is capable of deducing the geolocation of a device connected to the Internet.

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Header (computing)

In information technology, header refers to supplemental data placed at the beginning of a block of data being stored or transmitted.

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Hexadecimal

In mathematics and computing, hexadecimal (also base, or hex) is a positional numeral system with a radix, or base, of 16.

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Hostname

In computer networking, a hostname (archaically nodename) is a label that is assigned to a device connected to a computer network and that is used to identify the device in various forms of electronic communication, such as the World Wide Web.

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Human-readable medium

A human-readable medium or human-readable format is a representation of data or information that can be naturally read by humans.

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Identification (information)

The function of identification is to map a known quantity to an unknown entity so as to make it known.

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Ifconfig

ifconfig is a system administration utility in Unix-like operating systems for network interface configuration.

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Intermediary

An intermediary (or go-between) is a third party that offers intermediation services between two parties.

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Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is a function of ICANN, a nonprofit private American corporation that oversees global IP address allocation, autonomous system number allocation, root zone management in the Domain Name System (DNS), media types, and other Internet Protocol-related symbols and Internet numbers.

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Internet Engineering Task Force

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards, in particular the standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP).

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Internet Protocol

The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries.

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Internet service provider

An Internet service provider (ISP) is an organization that provides services for accessing, using, or participating in the Internet.

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Internet Stream Protocol

The Internet Stream Protocol (ST and later ST-II) is a family of experimental protocols first defined in Internet Experiment Note IEN-119 (1979), and later substantially revised in RFC 1190 (ST-II) and RFC 1819 (ST2+).

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IP address

An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label assigned to each device connected to a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication.

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IP address blocking

IP address blocking is a configuration of a network service so that requests from hosts with certain IP addresses are rejected.

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IP address spoofing

In computer networking, IP address spoofing or IP spoofing is the creation of Internet Protocol (IP) packets with a false source IP address, for the purpose of hiding the identity of the sender or impersonating another computing system.

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IP aliasing

IP aliasing is associating more than one IP address to a network interface.

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IP multicast

IP multicast is a method of sending Internet Protocol (IP) datagrams to a group of interested receivers in a single transmission.

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Ipconfig

In computing, ipconfig ('''i'''nternet '''p'''rotocol configuration) in Microsoft Windows is a console application that displays all current TCP/IP network configuration values and can modify Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) and Domain Name System (DNS) settings.

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Iproute2

iproute2 is a collection of userspace utilities for controlling and monitoring various aspects of networking in the Linux kernel, including routing, network interfaces, tunnels, traffic control, and network-related device drivers.

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IPv4

Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) is the fourth version of the Internet Protocol (IP).

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IPv4 address exhaustion

IPv4 address exhaustion is the depletion of the pool of unallocated IPv4 addresses.

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IPv6

Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is the most recent version of the Internet Protocol (IP), the communications protocol that provides an identification and location system for computers on networks and routes traffic across the Internet.

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IPv6 deployment

Deployment of Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6), the next generation of the Internet Protocol, has been in progress since the mid-2000s.

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Jon Postel

Jonathan Bruce Postel (August 6, 1943 – October 16, 1998) was an American computer scientist who made many significant contributions to the development of the Internet, particularly with respect to standards.

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Link-local address

In a computer network, a link-local address is a network address that is valid only for communications within the network segment (link) or the broadcast domain that the host is connected to.

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List of assigned /8 IPv4 address blocks

Some large /8 blocks of IPv4 addresses, the former Class A network blocks, are assigned in whole to single organizations or related groups of organizations, either by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), through the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), or a regional Internet registry.

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MAC address

A media access control address (MAC address) of a device is a unique identifier assigned to a network interface controller (NIC) for communications at the data link layer of a network segment.

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Microsoft

Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.

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Microsoft Windows

Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.

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Multicast address

A multicast address is a logical identifier for a group of hosts in a computer network that are available to process datagrams or frames intended to be multicast for a designated network service.

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Neighbor Discovery Protocol

The Neighbor Discovery Protocol (NDP, ND) is a protocol in the Internet protocol suite used with Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6).

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Netsh

In computing, netsh, or network shell, is a command-line utility included in Microsoft's Windows NT line of operating systems beginning with Windows 2000.

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Netstat

In computing, netstat (network statistics) is a command-line network utility tool that displays network connections for the Transmission Control Protocol (both incoming and outgoing), routing tables, and a number of network interface (network interface controller or software-defined network interface) and network protocol statistics.

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Network address

A network address is an identifier for a node or host on a telecommunications network.

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Network address translation

Network address translation (NAT) is a method of remapping one IP address space into another by modifying network address information in the IP header of packets while they are in transit across a traffic routing device.

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Network packet

A network packet is a formatted unit of data carried by a packet-switched network.

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Network planning and design

Network planning and design is an iterative process, encompassing topological design, network-synthesis, and network-realization, and is aimed at ensuring that a new telecommunications network or service meets the needs of the subscriber and operator.

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Octal

The octal numeral system, or oct for short, is the base-8 number system, and uses the digits 0 to 7.

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Octet (computing)

The octet is a unit of digital information in computing and telecommunications that consists of eight bits.

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Operating system

An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.

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Point-to-Point Protocol

In computer networking, Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) is a data link layer (layer 2) communications protocol used to establish a direct connection between two nodes.

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Private network

In the Internet addressing architecture, a private network is a network that uses private IP address space.

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Proxy server

In computer networks, a proxy server is a server (a computer system or an application) that acts as an intermediary for requests from clients seeking resources from other servers.

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Regional Internet registry

A regional Internet registry (RIR) is an organization that manages the allocation and registration of Internet number resources within a particular region of the world.

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Residential gateway

In telecommunications networking, a residential gateway (more commonly known as a home router or home gateway) is a device that allows a local area network (LAN) to connect to a wide area network (WAN) via a modem.

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Reverse DNS lookup

In computer networks, a reverse DNS lookup or reverse DNS resolution (rDNS) is the querying of the Domain Name System (DNS) to determine the domain name associated with an IP address – the reverse of the usual "forward" DNS lookup of an IP address from a domain name.

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Route (command)

In computing, route is a command used to view and manipulate the IP routing table in both Unix-like and Microsoft Windows operating systems.

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Scalability

Scalability is the capability of a system, network, or process to handle a growing amount of work, or its potential to be enlarged to accommodate that growth.

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Shared web hosting service

Shared web hosting service refers to a web hosting service where many websites reside on one web server connected to the Internet.

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Stat (system call)

is a Unix system call that returns file attributes about an inode.

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Steve Deering

Stephen Deering is a former Fellow at Cisco Systems, where he worked on the development and standardization of architectural enhancements to the Internet Protocol.

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Subnetwork

A subnetwork or subnet is a logical subdivision of an IP network.

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Unicast

200px In computer networking, unicast refers to a one-to-one transmission from one point in the network to another point; that is, one sender and one receiver, each identified by a network address.

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Unique local address

A unique local address (ULA) is an Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) address in the address range.

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Unix-like

A Unix-like (sometimes referred to as UN*X or *nix) operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification.

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Virtual IP address

A virtual IP address (VIP or VIPA) is an IP address that doesn't correspond to an actual physical network interface.

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Voice over IP

Voice over Internet Protocol (also voice over IP, VoIP or IP telephony) is a methodology and group of technologies for the delivery of voice communications and multimedia sessions over Internet Protocol (IP) networks, such as the Internet.

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Web server

Web server refers to server software, or hardware dedicated to running said software, that can serve contents to the World Wide Web.

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Whitelisting

Whitelisting is the practice of identifying entities that are provided a particular privilege, service, mobility, access or recognition.

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WHOIS

WHOIS (pronounced as the phrase "who is") is a query and response protocol that is widely used for querying databases that store the registered users or assignees of an Internet resource, such as a domain name, an IP address block or an autonomous system, but is also used for a wider range of other information.

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Zero-configuration networking

Zero-configuration networking (zeroconf) is a set of technologies that automatically creates a usable computer network based on the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) when computers or network peripherals are interconnected.

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32-bit

32-bit microcomputers are computers in which 32-bit microprocessors are the norm.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IP_address

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