35 relations: Administrative division, Arabic, Bethlehem Governorate, Code, Country, Deir al-Balah Governorate, English language, Federated state, Gaza Governorate, Gaza Strip, Governorates of Palestine, Hebron Governorate, International Organization for Standardization, ISO 3166, ISO 3166-1, ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, ISO 3166-2, ISO 639-1, Jenin Governorate, Jericho Governorate, Jerusalem Governorate, Khan Yunis Governorate, Nablus Governorate, North Gaza Governorate, Official language, Province, Qalqilya Governorate, Rafah Governorate, Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate, Salfit Governorate, Standardization, State of Palestine, Tubas Governorate, Tulkarm governorate, West Bank.
An administrative division, unit, entity, area or region, also referred to as a subnational entity, statoid, constituent unit, or country subdivision, is a portion of a country or other region delineated for the purpose of administration.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
The Bethlehem Governorate (محافظة بيت لحم; נפת בֵּית לֶחֶם) is one of 16 Governorates of Palestine.
In communications and information processing, code is a system of rules to convert information—such as a letter, word, sound, image, or gesture—into another form or representation, sometimes shortened or secret, for communication through a communication channel or storage in a storage medium.
A country is a region that is identified as a distinct national entity in political geography.
The Deir el-Balah Governorate (محافظة دير البلح) is one of 16 Governorates of Palestine in the central Gaza Strip which is administered by Palestine aside from its border with Israel, airspace and maritime territory.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
A federated state (which may also be referred to by various terms such as a state, a province, a canton, a land) is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federation.
The Gaza Governorate (محافظة غزة) is one of the 16 Governorates of Palestine, located in the north central Gaza Strip which is administered by the Palestine aside from its border with Israel, airspace and maritime territory.
The Gaza Strip (The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p.761 "Gaza Strip /'gɑːzə/ a strip of territory under the control of the Palestinian National Authority and Hamas, on the SE Mediterranean coast including the town of Gaza...". قطاع غزة), or simply Gaza, is a self-governing Palestinian territory on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, that borders Egypt on the southwest for and Israel on the east and north along a border.
The Governorates of the Palestinian National Authority are the administrative divisions of the Palestinian Territories.
The Hebron Governorate (محافظة الخليل; נפת חברון) is an administrative district of the Palestine in the southern West Bank.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) that defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states).
ISO 3166-1 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest.
ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are two-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), to represent countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest.
ISO 3166-2 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines codes for identifying the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
ISO 639-1:2002, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 1: Alpha-2 code, is the first part of the ISO 639 series of international standards for language codes.
The Jenin Governorate (محافظة جنين; נפת ג'נין) is one of 16 Governorates of Palestine.
The Jericho Governorate (محافظة أريحا; נפת יריחו) is one of 16 Governorates of Palestine.
The Jerusalem Governorate (محافظة القدس; (נפת אל-קודס (ירושלים) is one of the 16 Governorates of Palestine and located in the central part of the West Bank.
The Khan Yunis Governorate (محافظة خان يونس) is one of 16 Governorates of Palestine, located in the southern Gaza Strip.
The Nablus Governorate (محافظة نابلس) is an administrative district of Palestine located in the Central Highlands of the West Bank, 53 km north of Jerusalem.
The North Gaza Governorate (محافظة شمال غزة) is one of the five Governorates of Palestine in the Gaza Strip which is administered by Palestine, aside from its border with Israel, airspace and maritime territory.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state.
The Qalqilya Governorate is an administrative area of Palestine in the northwestern West Bank.
The Rafah Governorate (محافظة رفح) is a Governorate of Palestine in the southernmost portion of the Gaza Strip.
The Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate (محافظة رام الله والبيرة; נפת רמאללה ואל-בירה) is one of 16 governorates of Palestine.
Salfit governorate is one of the sixteen governorates of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA), with a unique geographical location to oversee the occupied Palestinian coast and its location in the West Bank.
Standardization or standardisation is the process of implementing and developing technical standards based on the consensus of different parties that include firms, users, interest groups, standards organizations and governments Standardization can help to maximize compatibility, interoperability, safety, repeatability, or quality.
Palestine (فلسطين), officially the State of Palestine (دولة فلسطين), is a ''de jure'' sovereign state in the Middle East claiming the West Bank (bordering Israel and Jordan) and Gaza Strip (bordering Israel and Egypt) with East Jerusalem as the designated capital, although its administrative center is currently located in Ramallah.
The Tubas Governorate (محافظة طوباس; נפת טובאס) is an administrative district of the Palestine in the northeastern West Bank.
The Tulkarm governorate (محافظة طولكرم; נפת טולכרם) is an administrative district and one of 16 Governorates of Palestine located in the northwestern West Bank.
The West Bank (الضفة الغربية; הגדה המערבית, HaGadah HaMa'aravit) is a landlocked territory near the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia, the bulk of it now under Israeli control, or else under joint Israeli-Palestinian Authority control.