48 relations: Administrative division, Al Qadarif (state), Arabic, Blue Nile (state), Central Darfur, Central Equatoria, Code, Country, East Darfur, Eastern Equatoria, English language, Federated state, Gezira (state), International Organization for Standardization, ISO 3166, ISO 3166-1, ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, ISO 3166-2, ISO 3166-2:SS, ISO 639-1, Jonglei State, Kassala (state), Khartoum (state), Lakes (state), North Darfur, North Kordofan, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Northern state, Sudan, Official language, Province, Red Sea (state), River Nile (state), Secession, Sennar (state), South Darfur, South Kordofan, Standardization, States of Sudan, Subdivisions of Sudan, Sudan, Unity State, Upper Nile (state), Warrap (state), West Darfur, West Kordofan, Western Bahr el Ghazal, Western Equatoria, White Nile (state).
An administrative division, unit, entity, area or region, also referred to as a subnational entity, statoid, constituent unit, or country subdivision, is a portion of a country or other region delineated for the purpose of administration.
Al Qadarif, also spelt Gadaref or Gadarif, is one of the 18 wilayat or states of Sudan.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Blue Nile (النيل الأزرق) is one of the eighteen states of the Republic of Sudan.
Central Darfur State (Wilāyat Wasaṭ Dārfūr) is one of the states of Sudan, and one of five comprising the Darfur region.
Central Equatoria State was one of the original ten states of South Sudan.
In communications and information processing, code is a system of rules to convert information—such as a letter, word, sound, image, or gesture—into another form or representation, sometimes shortened or secret, for communication through a communication channel or storage in a storage medium.
A country is a region that is identified as a distinct national entity in political geography.
East Darfur State (Wilāyat Šarq Dārfūr; Sharq Darfur) is one of the states of Sudan, and one of five comprising the Darfur region.
Eastern Equatoria is one of the ten states of South Sudan.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
A federated state (which may also be referred to by various terms such as a state, a province, a canton, a land) is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federation.
Gezira, (Madani) also spelt Al Jazirah, is one of the 18 states of Sudan.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) that defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states).
ISO 3166-1 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest.
ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are two-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), to represent countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest.
ISO 3166-2 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines codes for identifying the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
ISO 3166-2:SS is the entry for South Sudan in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
ISO 639-1:2002, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 1: Alpha-2 code, is the first part of the ISO 639 series of international standards for language codes.
Jonglei is a state of South Sudan.
Kassala (Arabic: كسلا, called Ash Sharqiyah during 1991—1994) is one of the 18 wilayat (states) of Sudan.
Khartoum State (ولاية الخرطوم Wilāyat al-Ḫarṭūm) is one of the eighteen states of Sudan.
Lakes (al-Buhayrat) was one of the ten states of South Sudan.
North Darfur State (ولاية شمال دارفور Wilāyat Šamāl Dārfūr; Shamal Darfor) is one of the wilayat or states of Sudan.
North Kordofan (شمال كردفان) is one of the 18 wilayat or states of Sudan.
Northern Bahr el Ghazal was one of the 10 former states of South Sudan before reorganisation in 2015.
Northern is one of the 18 wilayat or states of Sudan.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state.
Red Sea is one of the 18 wilayat or states of Sudan.
River Nile (ولاية نهر النيل) is one of the 18 wilayat or states of Sudan.
Secession (derived from the Latin term secessio) is the withdrawal of a group from a larger entity, especially a political entity, but also from any organization, union or military alliance.
Sennar is one of the 18 wilayat or states of Sudan.
South Darfur State (ولاية جنوب دارفور Wilāyat Ǧanūb Dārfūr; Janob Darfor) is one of the wilayat or states of Sudan.
South Kordofan (جنوب كردفان) is one of the 18 wilayat or provinces of Sudan.
Standardization or standardisation is the process of implementing and developing technical standards based on the consensus of different parties that include firms, users, interest groups, standards organizations and governments Standardization can help to maximize compatibility, interoperability, safety, repeatability, or quality.
Below is a list of the 18 states of Sudan, organized by their original provinces during the period of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.
Sudan is divided into fifteen states (wilayat, sing. wilayah) which in turn are subdivided into 86 districts.
The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.
Unity, sometimes known as Western Upper Nile, was one of the 10 states of South Sudan.
Upper Nile was one of the states of South Sudan.
Warrap, sometimes spelled Warab, or (Warrap County) was one of the original 10 states of South Sudan.
West Darfur State (Wilāyat Ḡarb Dārfūr; Gharb Darfor) is one of the states of Sudan, and one of five comprising the Darfur region.
West Kordofan (غرب كردفان) is one of the 18 wilayat or provinces of Sudan.
Western Bahr el Ghazal was one of the states of South Sudan.
Western Equatoria State was one of the 10 states of South Sudan.
White Nile is one of the 18 wilayat or states of Sudan.