103 relations: -al, -ane, -oate, -ol, -yne, Acetaldehyde, Acetic acid, Acetone, Acetophenone, Acetylene, Acyl halide, Affix, Alcohol, Aldehyde, Alkene, Alkyl, Alpha and beta carbon, Amide, Amidine, Amine, Ammonium, Aromaticity, Aryl, Back-formation, Benzoic acid, Benzophenone, Butene, Butyric acid, Cahn–Ingold–Prelog priority rules, Carbonyl group, Carboxylic acid, Chalcogen, Chemical compound, Chemical formula, Chemical nomenclature, Chloroform, Cis–trans isomerism, Citric acid, Cyclic compound, Cycloalkane, Diethyl ether, Epoxide, Ester, Ethyl acetate, Ethyl formate, Ethyl isopropyl ketone, Ethylene glycol, Formaldehyde, Functional group, Greek language, ..., Halogen, Halothane, Hantzsch–Widman nomenclature, Hexene, Hydrazine, Hydron (chemistry), Imide, Imine, Infix, International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Ion, Isocyanide, IUPAC nomenclature of inorganic chemistry, Ketone, Latin, Locant, Methanol, Methoxyethane, Molecules (journal), Nitrile, Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, Nucleic acid notation, Open-chain compound, Organic compound, Organic nomenclature in Chinese, Organic peroxide, Parent hydride, Phanes (organic chemistry), Phenol, Phenyl group, Pnictogen, Preferred IUPAC name, Prefix, Propionic acid, Propyne, Royal Society of Chemistry, Selenol, Selone, Side chain, Structural formula, Sulfenic acid, Sulfinic acid, Sulfonic acid, Systematic name, Tellurol, Thial, Thioketone, Thiol, Trivial name, Von Baeyer nomenclature, Xylene, 3-Pentanone. Expand index (53 more) » « Shrink index
The suffix -al is the IUPAC nomenclature used in organic chemistry to form names of aldehydes containing the -(CO)H group.
The suffix -ane is used in organic chemistry to form names of organic compounds where the -C-C- group has been attributed the highest priority according to the rules of organic nomenclature.
The suffix -oate is the IUPAC nomenclature used in organic chemistry to form names of compounds formed from carboxylic acids.
The suffix –ol is used in organic chemistry principally to form names of organic compounds containing the hydroxyl (–OH) group, mainly alcohols (also phenol).
In chemistry, the suffix -yne is used to denote the presence of a triple bond.
Acetaldehyde (systematic name ethanal) is an organic chemical compound with the formula CH3CHO, sometimes abbreviated by chemists as MeCHO (Me.
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.
Acetophenone is the organic compound with the formula C6H5C(O)CH3 (also represented by the pseudoelement symbols PhAc or BzMe).
Acetylene (systematic name: ethyne) is the chemical compound with the formula C2H2.
An acyl halide (also known as an acid halide) is a chemical compound derived from an oxoacid by replacing a hydroxyl group with a halide group.
In linguistics, an affix is a morpheme that is attached to a word stem to form a new word or word form.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.
In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond.
In organic chemistry, an alkyl substituent is an alkane missing one hydrogen.
The alpha carbon (Cα) in organic molecules refers to the first carbon atom that attaches to a functional group, such as a carbonyl.
An amide (or or), also known as an acid amide, is a compound with the functional group RnE(O)xNR′2 (R and R′ refer to H or organic groups).
Amidines are a class of oxoacid derivatives.
In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.
The ammonium cation is a positively charged polyatomic ion with the chemical formula.
In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.
In the context of organic molecules, aryl is any functional group or substituent derived from an aromatic ring, usually an aromatic hydrocarbon, such as phenyl and naphthyl.
In etymology, back-formation is the process of creating a new lexeme by removing actual or supposed affixes.
Benzoic acid, C7H6O2 (or C6H5COOH), is a colorless crystalline solid and a simple aromatic carboxylic acid.
Benzophenone is the organic compound with the formula (C6H5)2CO, generally abbreviated Ph2CO.
Butene, also known as butylene, is a series of alkenes with the general formula C4H8.
Butyric acid (from βούτῡρον, meaning "butter"), also known under the systematic name butanoic acid, abbreviated BTA, is a carboxylic acid with the structural formula CH3CH2CH2-COOH.
The Cahn–Ingold–Prelog (CIP) sequence rules, named for organic chemists Robert Sidney Cahn, Christopher Kelk Ingold, and Vladimir Prelog — alternatively termed the CIP priority rules, system, or conventions — are a standard process used in organic chemistry to completely and unequivocally name a stereoisomer of a molecule.
In organic chemistry, a carbonyl group is a functional group composed of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom: C.
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
The chalcogens are the chemical elements in group 16 of the periodic table.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
A chemical nomenclature is a set of rules to generate systematic names for chemical compounds.
Chloroform, or trichloromethane, is an organic compound with formula CHCl3.
Cis–trans isomerism, also known as geometric isomerism or configurational isomerism, is a term used in organic chemistry.
Citric acid is a weak organic acid that has the chemical formula.
A cyclic compound (ring compound) is a term for a compound in the field of chemistry in which one or more series of atoms in the compound is connected to form a ring.
In organic chemistry, the cycloalkanes (also called naphthenes, but distinct from naphthalene) are the monocyclic saturated hydrocarbons.
Diethyl ether, or simply ether, is an organic compound in the ether class with the formula, sometimes abbreviated as (see Pseudoelement symbols).
An epoxide is a cyclic ether with a three-atom ring.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Ethyl acetate (systematically ethyl ethanoate, commonly abbreviated EtOAc or EA) is the organic compound with the formula, simplified to.
Ethyl formate is an ester formed when ethanol (an alcohol) reacts with formic acid (a carboxylic acid).
Ethyl isopropyl ketone, or 2-methyl-3-pentanone, is an aliphatic ketone with used as a reagent in organic chemistry and as a solvent.
Ethylene glycol (IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2OH)2.
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
The halogens are a group in the periodic table consisting of five chemically related elements: fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), and astatine (At).
Halothane, sold under the brandname Fluothane among others, is a general anesthetic.
Hantzsch–Widman nomenclature, also called the extended Hantzsch–Widman system, is a type of systematic chemical nomenclature used for naming heterocyclic parent hydrides having no more than ten ring members.
Hexene is an alkene with a molecular formula C6H12.
Hydrazine is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula (also written), called diamidogen, archaically.
In chemistry, a hydron is the general name for a cationic form of atomic hydrogen, represented with the symbol.
In organic chemistry, an imide is a functional group consisting of two acyl groups bound to nitrogen.
An imine is a functional group or chemical compound containing a carbon–nitrogen double bond.
An infix is an affix inserted inside a word stem (an existing word).
The International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB) is an international non-governmental organisation concerned with biochemistry and molecular biology.
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is an international federation of National Adhering Organizations that represents chemists in individual countries.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
An isocyanide (also called isonitrile or carbylamine) is an organic compound with the functional group -N≡C.
In chemical nomenclature, the IUPAC nomenclature of inorganic chemistry is a systematic method of naming inorganic chemical compounds, as recommended by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) is an organic compound with the structure RC(.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
In organic chemistry, a locant is a figure to indicate the position of a functional group within a molecule.
Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).
Methoxyethane, also known as ethyl methyl ether, is an ethyl group with a bonded methoxy.
Molecules is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal that focuses on all aspects of synthetic organic chemistry and natural product chemistry.
A nitrile is any organic compound that has a −C≡N functional group.
Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, commonly referred to by chemists as the Blue Book, is a collection of recommendations on organic chemical nomenclature published at irregular intervals by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
The nucleic acid notation currently in use was first formalized by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) in 1970.
In chemistry, an open-chain compound (also spelled as open chain compound) or acyclic compound (Greek prefix "α", without and "κύκλος", cycle) is a compound with a linear structure, rather than a cyclic one.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
The Chinese Chemical Society (CCS) lays out a set of rules based on those given by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) for the purpose of systematic organic nomenclature in Chinese.
Organic peroxides are organic compounds containing the peroxide functional group (ROOR′).
In IUPAC nomenclature, a parent hydride is an unbranched acyclic or cyclic structure to which only hydrogen atoms are attached.
Phanes are abstractions of highly complex organic molecules introduced for simplification of the naming of these highly complex molecules.
Phenol, also known as phenolic acid, is an aromatic organic compound with the molecular formula C6H5OH.
In organic chemistry, the phenyl group or phenyl ring is a cyclic group of atoms with the formula C6H5.
A pnictogen is one of the chemical elements in group 15 of the periodic table.
In chemical nomenclature, a preferred IUPAC name (PIN) is a unique name, assigned to a chemical substance and preferred among the possible names generated by IUPAC nomenclature.
A prefix is an affix which is placed before the stem of a word.
Propionic acid (from the Greek words protos, meaning "first", and pion, meaning "fat"; also known as propanoic acid) is a naturally occurring carboxylic acid with chemical formula C2H5COOH.
Propyne (methylacetylene) is an alkyne with the chemical formula H3C≡CH.
The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) is a learned society (professional association) in the United Kingdom with the goal of "advancing the chemical sciences".
Selenols are organic compounds that contain the functional group with the connectivity C–Se–H.
In chemistry, a selone is the structural analog of a ketone where selenium replaces oxygen.
In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a side chain is a chemical group that is attached to a core part of the molecule called "main chain" or backbone.
The structural formula of a chemical compound is a graphic representation of the molecular structure, showing how the atoms are arranged.
A sulfenic acid is an organosulfur compound and oxoacid with the general formula RSOH.
Sulfinic acids are oxoacids of sulfur with the structure RSO(OH).
A sulfonic acid (or sulphonic acid) refers to a member of the class of organosulfur compounds with the general formula R−S(.
A systematic name is a name given in a systematic way to one unique group, organism, object or chemical substance, out of a specific population or collection.
Tellurols are analogues of alcohols and phenols where tellurium replaces oxygen.
A thial or thioaldehyde is a functional group in organic chemistry which is similar to an aldehyde, RC(O)H, in which a sulfur (S) atom replaces the oxygen (O) atom of the aldehyde (R represents an alkyl or aryl group).
Thioketones (also known as thiones or thiocarbonyls) are organosulfur compounds related to conventional ketones.
Thiol is an organosulfur compound that contains a carbon-bonded sulfhydryl (R–SH) group (where R represents an alkyl or other organic substituent).
In chemistry, a trivial name is a nonsystematic name for a chemical substance.
The von Baeyer nomenclature is a system for describing polycyclic hydrocarbons.
Xylene (from Greek ξύλο, xylo, "wood"), xylol or dimethylbenzene is any one of three isomers of dimethylbenzene, or a combination thereof.
3-Pentanone (also known as diethyl ketone) is a simple, symmetrical dialkyl ketone.
-oxo-, IUPAC nomenclature for organic chemistry, IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds, IUPAC organic nomenclature, Organic chemical nomenclature, Organic chemistry nomenclature, Organic nomenclature.