153 relations: Abd al-Aziz ibn Mutib, Abdul Elah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Abdul Majeed bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Abdul Muhsin bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Abdul Rahman bin Faisal, Abdul-Rahman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Abdullah I of Jordan, Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, Admiral of the fleet, Agrarian system, Ahmed bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Al Bandari bint Abdulaziz Al Saud, Al Jawhara bint Abdulaziz Al Saud, Al Jawhara bint Musaed Al Jiluwi, Al Oud cemetery, Al-Qassim Region, Ali of Hejaz, Allies of World War II, Ameen Rihani, Arab world, Arabian Peninsula, Arabic name, Badr bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Bahrain, Bandar bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Baraka Al Yamaniyah, Battle of Rawdat Muhanna, Battle of Riyadh (1902), Battle of Sabilla, Bay'ah, Bedouin, Benjamin Shwadran, Boletín Oficial del Estado, Cairo, Crosses of Military Merit, David Lamb (journalist), Descendants of Ibn Saud, Emirate of Diriyah, Emirate of Nejd, Emirate of Nejd and Hasa, Eqab bin Mohaya, Fahd of Saudi Arabia, Fahda bint Asi Al Shuraim, Faisal I of Iraq, Faisal of Saudi Arabia, Fawwaz bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Fritz Grobba, Government of the United Kingdom, Great Bitter Lake, ..., Guerrilla warfare, Hajj, Hamoud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Hanbali, Hashemites, Hathloul bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Haya bint Abdulaziz Al Saud, Hejaz, History of the oil industry in Saudi Arabia, House of Saud, Hussa bint Ahmed Al Sudairi, Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca, Ikhwan, Ikhwan revolt, Izz ad-Din al-Qassam, Jeddah, John Foster Dulles, Jordan, Khalid of Saudi Arabia, King of Saudi Arabia, King of the Sands, Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd, Kingdom of Iraq, Kuwait, Language interpretation, Latifa bint Abdulaziz Al Saud, Legion of Merit, Luluwah bint Abdulaziz Al Saud, Majid bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Mamdouh bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Mansour bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Mashhur bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Masmak fort, Mecca, Medina, Mishaal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Mishari bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Muhammad bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, Muqrin bin Abdulaziz, Murabba Palace, Musa'id bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Mutaib bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Najd, Najdat Anzour, Nasser bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Nawwaf bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Nayef bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud, Nazi Germany, Nomadic pastoralism, Noura bint Abdul Rahman Al Saud, Order of the Bath, Ottoman Empire, Percy Cox, Persian Gulf, Petroleum, Pilgrim, Presidencies and provinces of British India, Prince Rashed Al-Khuzai, Qatar, Ramadan, Rashidi dynasty, Richard Halliburton, Riyadh, Robert Lacey, Saad bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Salafi movement, Salman of Saudi Arabia, Sattam bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Saud of Saudi Arabia, Saudi Arabia, Saudi Arabia–United States relations, Saudi Aramco, Scottish clan, Seeta bint Abdulaziz Al Saud, Sheikh Mohammad Iqbal, St John Philby, Suez Canal, Sultan bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Sultana bint Abdulaziz Al Saud, Sultanate of Nejd, Sunni Islam, T. E. Lawrence, Ta'if, Talal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Thamir bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Treaty of Darin, Treaty of Jeddah (1927), Turki I bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Turki II bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Ulama, USS Quincy (CA-71), Wahhabi War, Wahhabism, Western world, William A. Eddy, William D. Leahy, William Shakespear (explorer), Winston Churchill, World War I, World War II, Yalta Conference, 1948 Arab–Israeli War. Expand index (103 more) » « Shrink index
Abdulaziz bin Mithab (عبد العزيز بن متعب) better known as Ibn Rashid, was the Emir of Jabal Shammar from 1897 to 1906.
Abdul Elah bin Abdulaziz (عبد الإله بن عبد العزيز آل سعود), also spelled Abdulillah, born 1939) is a member of the House of Saud and was an adviser to the late King Abdullah.
Abdul Majeed bin Abdul Aziz (Arabic: عبد المجيد بن عبد العزيز آل سعود) (1942 – 5 May 2007) was a prominent member of House of Saud.
Abdul Muhsin bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (عبد المحسن بن عبد العزيز آل سعود) (1925 – 10 May 1985) was the governor of Medina and member of House of Saud.
Abdul Rahman bin Faisal Al Saud (1845–1928) (عبد الرحمن بن فيصل / ALA-LC: ‘Abd ar Raḥman bin Fayṣal) was the last ruler of the Emirate of Nejd, Second Saudi State.
Abdul-Rahman bin Abdulaziz (عبد الرحمن بن عبد العزيز آل سعود,; 1931 – 13 July 2017) was a senior member of the House of Saud and Saudi Arabian deputy minister of defense and aviation.
Abdullah I bin al-Hussein, King of Jordan (عبد الله الأول بن الحسين, Abd Allāh ibn al-Husayn, February 1882 – 20 July 1951), born in Mecca, Hejaz, Ottoman Empire, was the second of three sons of Hussein bin Ali, Sharif and Emir of Mecca and his first wife Abdiyya bint Abdullah (d. 1886).
Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (عبدالله بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود,, Najdi Arabic pronunciation:; 1 August 1924 – 23 January 2015) was King of Saudi Arabia and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques from 2005 to his death in 2015.
An admiral of the fleet or fleet admiral (sometimes also known as admiral of the navy or grand admiral) is a military naval officer of the highest rank.
An agrarian system is the dynamic set of economic and technological factors that affect agricultural practices.
Ahmed bin Abdulaziz (احمد بن عبد العزيز آل سعود) (born 1942) is a member of House of Saud who served as deputy minister of interior of Saudi Arabia from 1975 to 2012 and briefly as minister of interior in 2012.
Al Bandari bint Abdulaziz (1928–2008) was a daughter of King Abdulaziz and a member of House of Saud.
Al Jawhara bint Abdulaziz Al Saud is a member of the House of Saud.
Al Jawhara bint Musaed bin Jiluwi Al Saud (died 1919) was one of King Abdulaziz's spouses.
Al Oud Cemetery is a public cemetery in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Al-Qassim Region (منطقة القصيم, local Najdi Arabic pronunciation), also spelled Qassim, Al-Qaseem, Al-Qasim, or Gassim internationally, is one of the thirteen administrative regions of Saudi Arabia.
Ali bin Hussein, GBE (علي بن الحسين بن علي الهاشمي, ‘Alī ibn al-Ḥusayn ibn ‘Alī al-Hāshimī; 18791935) was King of Hejaz and Grand Sharif of Mecca from October 1924 until he was deposed by Ibn Saud in December 1925.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Ameen Rihani (Amīn Fāris Anṭūn ar-Rīḥānī) (أمين الريحاني / ALA-LC: Amīn ar-Rīḥānī; 1876 – 1940), was a Lebanese American writer, intellectual and political activist.
The Arab world (العالم العربي; formally: Arab homeland, الوطن العربي), also known as the Arab nation (الأمة العربية) or the Arab states, currently consists of the 22 Arab countries of the Arab League.
The Arabian Peninsula, simplified Arabia (شِبْهُ الْجَزِيرَةِ الْعَرَبِيَّة, ‘Arabian island’ or جَزِيرَةُ الْعَرَب, ‘Island of the Arabs’), is a peninsula of Western Asia situated northeast of Africa on the Arabian plate.
Arabic names were historically based on a long naming system; most Arabs did not have given/middle/family names, but a full chain of names.
Badr bin Abdulaziz (1932 – 1 April 2013) (بدر بن عبد العزيز آل سعود) was a long-term deputy commander of the Saudi National Guard and a senior member of the Saudi royal family.
Bahrain (البحرين), officially the Kingdom of Bahrain (مملكة البحرين), is an Arab constitutional monarchy in the Persian Gulf.
Bandar bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (بندر بن عبد العزيز آل سعود, born 1923) is a Saudi royal and the tenth son of Ibn Saud, the first monarch of Saudi Arabia.
Baraka "Al Yamaniyah" (the Yemeni) was the wife of the founder of Saudi Arabia King Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud and the mother of the former deputy Crown Prince Muqrin bin Abdulaziz Al Saud.
Battle of Rawdat Muhanna (معركة روضة مهنا or معركة روضة ابن مهنا) was a major battle of the Saudi–Rashidi War, during the unification of Saudi Arabia, fought between Rashidi and Saudi rebels.
The Battle of Riyadh was a minor battle of the Unification War between Rashidi and Saudi rebels.
The Battle of Sabilla (March 29, 1929) was the main battle of the Ikhwan Revolt in northern Arabia between the rebellious Ikhwan forces and the army of Ibn Saud.
Bayʿah (بَيْعَة, Pledge of allegiance"), in Islamic terminology, is an oath of allegiance to a leader.
The Bedouin (badawī) are a grouping of nomadic Arab peoples who have historically inhabited the desert regions in North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Iraq and the Levant.
The Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE) (Official State Gazette) is the official gazette of the Government of Spain and is published every day except Sunday.
Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.
The Crosses of Military Merit (Cruces del Mérito Militar) are Spain's military awards for gallantry or merit in war or peace.
David Sherman Lamb (March 5, 1940 – June 5, 2016) was a freelance writer who traveled the world for twenty-five years as a Los Angeles Times correspondent.
Ibn Saud (1875–1953), the founder and first king of Saudi Arabia, was very young when he first married.
The Emirate of Diriyah was the first Saudi state.
The Emirate of Nejd was the second Saudi state, existing between 1824 and 1891 in Nejd, the regions of Riyadh and Ha'il of what is now Saudi Arabia.
The Emirate of Nejd and Hasa was the first iteration of the third Saudi state from 1902 to 1921.
Eqab Bin Dhaifallah Bin Ghazi Bin Sayaf Bin Mohaya Al-Otaibi (عـقـاب بن محـيا, (1321-1351H) (1903-1933), was one of the Ikhwan Army’s leaders that contributed in the unification of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques (فهد بن عبد العزيز آل سعود; 16 March 1921 – 1 August 2005) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1982 to 2005.
Fahda bint Asi bin Shuraim Al Shammari (الشيخة فهدة بنت العاصي الشريم) (died c. 1930) was one of King Abdulaziz's spouses and the mother of the former ruler of Saudi Arabia, King Abdullah.
Faisal I bin Hussein bin Ali al-Hashemi (فيصل بن الحسين بن علي الهاشمي, Fayṣal al-Awwal ibn al-Ḥusayn ibn ‘Alī al-Hāshimī; 20 May 1885 – 8 September 1933) was King of the Arab Kingdom of Syria or Greater Syria in 1920, and was King of Iraq from 23 August 1921 to 1933.
Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (فيصل بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود; 14 April 1906 – 25 March 1975) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1964 to 1975.
Fawwaz bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1934 – 19 July 2008) (Arabic: فواز بن عبد العزيز آل سعود) was a senior member of the House of Saud.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Fritz Konrad Ferdinand Grobba (18 July 1886 – 2 September 1973) was a German diplomat during the interwar period and World War II.
The Government of the United Kingdom, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The Great Bitter Lake (البحيرة المرة الكبرى; transliterated: al-Buhayrah al-Murra al-Kubra) is a saltwater lake in Egypt, connected to the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea via the Suez Canal.
Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.
The Hajj (حَجّ "pilgrimage") is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, the holiest city for Muslims, and a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all adult Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey, and can support their family during their absence.
Hamoud bin Abdulaziz al Saud was the only child of Futaimah Al-Yamania and the youngest son to live to adulthood of the founder of Saudi Arabia, Ibn Saud.
The Hanbali school (المذهب الحنبلي) is one of the four traditional Sunni Islamic schools of jurisprudence (fiqh).
The Hashemites (الهاشميون, Al-Hāshimīyūn; also House of Hashim) are the ruling royal family of Jordan.
Hathloul bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1942 - 29 September 2012) was a senior prince of the House of Saud, and a member of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's Allegiance Council.
Haya bint Abdulaziz (1929 – 2 November 2009) was a member of the House of Saud.
The Hejaz (اَلْـحِـجَـاز,, literally "the Barrier"), is a region in the west of present-day Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Arabian oil was first discovered by the Americans in commercial quantities at Dammam oil well No.
The House of Saud (Āl Suʻūd) is the ruling royal family of Saudi Arabia.
Hussa bint Ahmed Al Sudairi (1900–1969) was one of the many spouses and cousins of King Abdulaziz and the mother of King Fahd and King Salman, monarchs of Saudi Arabia.
Hussein ibn Ali al-Hashimi (الحسين بن علي الهاشمي, al-Ḥusayn ibn ‘Alī al-Hāshimī; 1853/18544 June 1931) was a Hashemite Arab leader who was the Sharif and Emir of Mecca from 1908 and, after proclaiming the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire, King of the Hejaz from 1916 to 1924.
The Ikhwan (الإخوان, (The) Brethren), also Akhwan, was the first Saudi army made up of traditionally nomadic tribesmen which formed a significant military force of the ruler Ibn Saud and played an important role in establishing him as ruler of most of the Arabian Peninsula in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
The Ikhwan Revolt began in 1927, when the tribesmen of the Otaibah and Mutayr and Ajman rebelled against the authority of Ibn Saud and engaged in cross-border raids into parts of Trans-Jordan, Mandatory Iraq and the Emirate of Kuwait.
Izz ad-Din Abd al-Qadar ibn Mustafa ibn Yusuf ibn Muhammad al-Qassam (1881 or 19 December 1882 – 20 November 1935) (عز الدين بن عبد القادر بن مصطفى بن يوسف بن محمد القسام / ALA-LC) was a Syrian Muslim preacher, and a leader in the local struggles against British and French Mandatory rule in the Levant, and a militant opponent of Zionism in the 1920s and 1930s.
Jeddah (sometimes spelled Jiddah or Jedda;; جدة, Hejazi pronunciation) is a city in the Hijaz Tihamah region on the coast of the Red Sea and is the major urban center of western Saudi Arabia. It is the largest city in Makkah Province, the largest seaport on the Red Sea, and with a population of about four million people, the second-largest city in Saudi Arabia after the capital city, Riyadh. Jeddah is Saudi Arabia's commercial capital. Jeddah is the principal gateway to Mecca and Medina, two of the holiest cities in Islam and popular tourist attractions. Economically, Jeddah is focusing on further developing capital investment in scientific and engineering leadership within Saudi Arabia, and the Middle East. Jeddah was independently ranked fourth in the Africa – Mid-East region in terms of innovation in 2009 in the Innovation Cities Index. Jeddah is one of Saudi Arabia's primary resort cities and was named a Beta world city by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC). Given the city's close proximity to the Red Sea, fishing and seafood dominates the food culture unlike other parts of the country. In Arabic, the city's motto is "Jeddah Ghair," which translates to "Jeddah is different." The motto has been widely used among both locals as well as foreign visitors. The city had been previously perceived as the "most open" city in Saudi Arabia.
John Foster Dulles (February 25, 1888May 24, 1959) was an American diplomat.
Jordan (الْأُرْدُنّ), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River.
Khalid bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (خالد بن عبد العزيز آل سعود; 13 February 1913 – 13 June 1982) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1975 to 1982.
The King of Saudi Arabia is Saudi Arabia's absolute monarch who serves as head of state and head of government.
King of the Sands is a 2013 historical and biographical film, directed by Najdat Anzour, with the main characters starring Fabio Testi, Bill Fellows in the title roles.
The Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd (مملكة الحجاز ونجد), initially the Kingdom of Hejaz and Sultanate of Nejd (مملكة الحجاز وسلطنة نجد), was a dual monarchy ruled by Ibn Saud following the victory of the Saudi Sultanate of Nejd over the Hashemite Kingdom of the Hejaz in 1925.
The Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq (المملكة العراقية الهاشمية) was founded on 23 August 1921 under British administration following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in the Mesopotamian campaign of World War I. Although a League of Nations mandate was awarded to the UK in 1920, the 1920 Iraqi revolt resulted in the scrapping of the original mandate plan in favor of a British administered semi-independent kingdom, under the Hashemite allies of Britain, via the Anglo-Iraqi Treaty.
Kuwait (الكويت, or), officially the State of Kuwait (دولة الكويت), is a country in Western Asia.
Interpretation or interpreting is a translational activity in which one produces a first and final translation on the basis of a one-time exposure to an utterance in a source language.
Latifa bint Abdulaziz was a member of the House of Saud.
The Legion of Merit (LOM) is a military award of the United States Armed Forces that is given for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements.
Luluwah bint Abdulaziz Al Saud (1928 – 17 September 2008) was a member of the House of Saud.
Majid bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (19 October 1938 – 13 April 2003) was a member of House of Saud and served in different cabinet positions as well as Mecca governor.
Mamdouh bin Abdulaziz (born 1940) is the former governor of the Tabuk Province and a member of Saudi royal family, House of Saud.
Mansour bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1921 – 2 May 1951) (Arabic: منصور بن عبد العزيز آل سعود) was the first defense minister of Saudi Arabia and a member of Saudi royal family, House of Saud.
Mashhur bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (born 1942) is a senior prince in the House of Saud and a member of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's Allegiance Council.
The Masmak (قصر المصمك) is a clay and mud-brick fort, with four watchtowers and thick walls, founded on stone blocks, lying in the center of Riyadh, in the old quarters.
Mecca or Makkah (مكة is a city in the Hejazi region of the Arabian Peninsula, and the plain of Tihamah in Saudi Arabia, and is also the capital and administrative headquarters of the Makkah Region. The city is located inland from Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height of above sea level, and south of Medina. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during the Ḥajj (حَـجّ, "Pilgrimage") period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of Dhūl-Ḥijjah (ذُو الْـحِـجَّـة). As the birthplace of Muhammad, and the site of Muhammad's first revelation of the Quran (specifically, a cave from Mecca), Mecca is regarded as the holiest city in the religion of Islam and a pilgrimage to it known as the Hajj is obligatory for all able Muslims. Mecca is home to the Kaaba, by majority description Islam's holiest site, as well as being the direction of Muslim prayer. Mecca was long ruled by Muhammad's descendants, the sharifs, acting either as independent rulers or as vassals to larger polities. It was conquered by Ibn Saud in 1925. In its modern period, Mecca has seen tremendous expansion in size and infrastructure, home to structures such as the Abraj Al Bait, also known as the Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel, the world's fourth tallest building and the building with the third largest amount of floor area. During this expansion, Mecca has lost some historical structures and archaeological sites, such as the Ajyad Fortress. Today, more than 15 million Muslims visit Mecca annually, including several million during the few days of the Hajj. As a result, Mecca has become one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the Muslim world,Fattah, Hassan M., The New York Times (20 January 2005). even though non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the city.
Medina (المدينة المنورة,, "the radiant city"; or المدينة,, "the city"), also transliterated as Madīnah, is a city in the Hejaz region of the Arabian Peninsula and administrative headquarters of the Al-Madinah Region of Saudi Arabia.
Mishaal bin Abdulaziz al Saud (Misha`al bin `Abd al-`Azīz as-Saʻūd; 5 September 1926 – 3 May 2017) was chairman of the Allegiance Council and a senior member of the House of Saud.
Mishari bin Abdulaziz (1932 – 23 May 2000) was a senior member of the House of Saud.
Muhammad bin Abdulaziz (1910 – 25 November 1988) (محمد بن عبد العزيز ال سعود) was a member of the House of Saud.
Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab (محمد بن عبد الوهاب; 1703 – 22 June 1792) was a religious leader, theologian and reformer from Najd in central Arabia who founded the movement now called Wahhabism.
Muqrin bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (مقرن بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود; born 15 September 1945) is a member of House of Saud who served as Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia from January to April 2015.
The Murabba Palace (Qasr al Murabba (the Square in Arabic)) is one of the historic buildings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Musa'id bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (26 June 1923 – 19 August 2013) was a member of the House of Saud.
Mutaib bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (متعب بن عبد العزيز آل سعود) (born 1931) is a senior member of the Saudi royal family.
Najd or Nejd (نجد, Najd) is a geographical central region of Saudi Arabia, alone accounting for almost a third of the population of the country.
Najdat Ismail Anzour is a Syrian television director of Circassian origins.
Nasser bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1911 – 15 September 1984) was one of the former Riyadh governors and a member of House of Saud.
Nawwaf bin Abdulaziz (16 August 1932 – 29 September 2015) (Arabic:نواف بن عبد العزيز آل سعود) was a senior member of the House of Saud and was a close ally of the deceased King Abdullah.
Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (نايف بن عبد العزيز آل سعود), also spelled Naif or Naeif (1934 – 16 June 2012), was the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia as well as first deputy prime minister from 2011 to 2012.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Nomadic pastoralism is a form of pastoralism when livestock are herded in order to find fresh pastures on which to graze.
Noura bint Abdul Rahman Al Saud (نورة بنت عبد الرحمن بن فيصل آل سعود) (1875 – 1950) was a member of the House of Saud and the elder sister of King Abdulaziz.
The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Major-General Sir Percy Zachariah Cox (20 November 1864 – 20 February 1937) was a British Indian Army officer and Colonial Office administrator in the Middle East.
The Persian Gulf (lit), (الخليج الفارسي) is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
A pilgrim (from the Latin peregrinus) is a traveler (literally one who has come from afar) who is on a journey to a holy place.
The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.
Prince Rashed Al Khuzai (1850–1957 الأمير راشد الخزاعي, his full name being Prince Rashed bin Prince Khuzai bin Durgham bin Fayad bin Prince Mustapha bin Salameh Al Fraihat) was an influential Sunni Islamic political leader in British Mandate of Jordan.
Qatar (or; قطر; local vernacular pronunciation), officially the State of Qatar (دولة قطر), is a sovereign country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
Ramadan (رمضان,;In Arabic phonology, it can be, depending on the region. also known as Ramazan, romanized as Ramzan, Ramadhan, or Ramathan) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and is observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting (Sawm) to commemorate the first revelation of the Quran to Muhammad according to Islamic belief.
The Rashidi dynasty, also called Al Rashid or the House of Rashid (آل رشيد), were a historic Arabian House or dynasty that existed in the Arabian Peninsula between 1836 and 1921, rulers of the Emirate of Jabal Shammar and the most formidable enemies of the House of Saud, rulers of the Emirate of Nejd.
Richard Halliburton (January 9, 1900 – presumed dead after March 24, 1939) was an American traveler, adventurer, and author.
Riyadh (/rɨˈjɑːd/; الرياض ar-Riyāḍ Najdi pronunciation) is the capital and most populous city of Saudi Arabia.
Robert Lacey (born 3 January 1944) is a British historian and biographer.
Saad bin Abdulaziz (1915 – 23 July 1993) was a former governor of 'Asir and a member of House of Saud.
The Salafi movement or Salafist movement or Salafism is a reform branch or revivalist movement within Sunni Islam that developed in Egypt in the late 19th century as a response to European imperialism.
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (سلمان بن عبد العزیز آل سعود; born 31 December 1935) is the King of Saudi Arabia, Prime Minister, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques and head of the House of Saud.
Sattam bin Abdulaziz (21 January 1941 – 12 February 2013) was one of the senior members of the House of Saud and the 12th governor of the Riyadh Province.
Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (سعود بن عبد العزيز آل سعود; 15 January 1902 – 23 February 1969) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1953 to 1964.
Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.
The bilateral relations between the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United States, which is a Special Relationship, began in 1933 when full diplomatic relations were established.
Saudi Aramco (أرامكو السعودية), officially the Saudi Arabian Oil Company, most popularly known just as Aramco (formerly Arabian-American Oil Company), is a Saudi Arabian national petroleum and natural gas company based in Dhahran.
A Scottish clan (from Gaelic clann, "children") is a kinship group among the Scottish people.
Seeta bint Abdulaziz (1930 – 13 April 2011. Arabic: صيتة بنت عبد العزيز آل سعود) was a member of the House of Saud and the younger full-sister of King Abdullah, former ruler of Saudi Arabia.
Sheikh Mohammad Iqbal is a Kashmiri author, historian, Islamic scholar, intellectual, educationist, academician, researcher, writer and publisher.
Harry St John Bridger Philby, CIE (3 April 1885 – 30 September 1960), also known as Jack Philby or Sheikh Abdullah (الشيخ عبدالله), was a British Arabist, adviser, explorer, writer, and colonial office intelligence officer.
thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.
Sultan bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (5 January 1924 – 22 October 2011) (سلطان بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود), called Sultan al-Khair (سلطان الخير, Sultan of goodness) in Saudi Arabia, was the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia from 2005 to 2011.
Sultana bint Abdulaziz (ca. 1928 – 7 July 2008) was a member of the House of Saud.
The Sultanate of Nejd (سلطنة نجد) was the second iteration of the third Saudi state, from 1921 to 1926.
Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam.
Colonel Thomas Edward Lawrence, (16 August 1888 – 19 May 1935) was a British archaeologist, military officer, diplomat, and writer.
Ta'if (الطائف) is a city in Mecca Province of Saudi Arabia at an elevation of on the slopes of Sarawat Mountains (Al-Sarawat Mountains).
Talal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (طلال بن عبد العزيز آل سعود, born 15 August 1931), formerly also called The Red Prince, is a senior member of the Saudi royal family.
Thamir bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1937 - 27 June 1958) was a member of the House of Saud.
The Treaty of Darin, or the Darin Pact, of 1915 was between the United Kingdom and Abdul-Aziz Al Saud (sometimes called Ibn Saud) ruler of Nejd, who would go on to found the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932.
The 1927 Treaty of Jeddah was signed between the United Kingdom and Ibn Saud.
Turki I bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (تركي الأول بن عبد العزيز آل سعود) (1900–1919) was the eldest son of Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia.
Turki (II) bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (تركي الثاني بن عبد العزيز بن عبد الرحمن آل سعود) (1934 – 11 November 2016) was a member of the House of Saud.
The Arabic term ulama (علماء., singular عالِم, "scholar", literally "the learned ones", also spelled ulema; feminine: alimah and uluma), according to the Encyclopedia of Islam (2000), in its original meaning "denotes scholars of almost all disciplines".
USS Quincy (CA-71) was a ''Baltimore'' class heavy cruiser of the United States Navy.
The Wahhabi War was fought from early 1811 to 1818, between Egypt Eyalet under the reign of Muhammad Ali Pasha (nominally under Ottoman rule) and the army of the Emirate of Diriyah, the First Saudi State, resulting in the destruction of the latter.
Wahhabism (الوهابية) is an Islamic doctrine and religious movement founded by Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
William Alfred "Bill" Eddy, Ph.D., Col., USMC (March 9, 1896 – May 3, 1962) was a U.S. minister to Saudi Arabia (1944–1946); university professor and college president (1936–1942); U.S. Marine Corps officer, serving in World War I and World War II; and U.S. intelligence officer.
Fleet Admiral William Daniel Leahy (May 6, 1875 – July 20, 1959) was an American naval officer who served as the senior-most United States military officer on active duty during World War II.
Captain William Henry Irvine Shakespear (29 October 1878 – 24 January 1915), was a British civil servant and explorer who mapped uncharted areas of Northern Arabia and made the first official British contact with Ibn Sa'ud, future king of Saudi Arabia.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Yalta Conference, also known as the Crimea Conference and code named the Argonaut Conference, held from 4 to 11 February 1945, was the World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union for the purpose of discussing Germany and Europe's postwar reorganization.
The 1948 Arab–Israeli War, or the First Arab–Israeli War, was fought between the State of Israel and a military coalition of Arab states over the control of Palestine, forming the second stage of the 1948 Palestine war.
'Abd al-'Aziz Al Sa'ud, 'Abd al-'Aziz ibn 'Abd ar-Rahman ibn Faysal ibn Turki 'Abd Allah ibn Muhammad Al Sa'ud, Abd Al Aziz Al Saud, Abd Al-Aziz Ibn Saud, Abd al-Aziz Ibn Saud, Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud, Abd-al-Aziz bin Sa'ud, Abd-al-Aziz bin Sa‘ud, Abdel Aziz ibn Saud, Abdul Aziz Al Saud, Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud, Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman, Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud, Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal Al Sa'ud, Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal Al Saud, Abdul Aziz ibn Abdul Rahman ibn Saud, Abdul Aziz ibn Saud, Abdul Aziz of Saudi Arabia, Abdul Aziz of Saudia, Abdul Aziz, Monarch of Saudi Arabia, Abdul Azziz Ibn Saud, Abdul al-Aziz Ibn Saud, Abdul-Aziz bin Saud, Abdul-Aziz ibn Saud, Abdulaziz Al Saud, Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, Abdulaziz bin Abdulrahman Al-Saud, Abdulaziz ibn Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal ibn Turki ibn Abdullah ibn Muhammad Al Saud, Abdulaziz ibn Saud, Bin Saud, Ibn Sa'ud, Ibn Sa'ud 'abd Al-'aziz Ibn 'abd Ar-rahman Ibn Faysal Ibn Turki 'abd Allah Ibn, Ibn Sa'ud of Saudi Arabia, Ibn Sa`ud of Saudi Arabia, Ibn Saud of Najd, Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia, Ibn Saud, Abdul Aziz, Ibn saud, King Abd al-Aziz, King Abdel-Aziz, King Abdul Aziz, King Abdul Aziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia, King Abdul Aziz Al Saud, Malik of Saudi Arabia, King Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud, King Abdul-Aziz, King Abdul-Aziz of Saudi Arabia, King AbdulAziz, King Abdulaziz, King Abdulaziz Al Saud, King Abdulaziz bin Abdulrahman Al-Saud, `Abd al-`Aziz Al Sa`ud, `Abd al-`Azīz Āl Sa`ūd, `Abdul-`Aziz Al Sa`ud, `Abdul-`Aziz Ibn Abdur Rahman Al-Faisal Al Sa`ud, `Abdul-`Azīz Ibn Abdur Rahman Al-Faisal Āl Sa`ūd, `Abdul-`Azīz Āl Sa`ūd, عبد العزيز آل سعود.