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Ice cream

Index Ice cream

Ice cream (derived from earlier iced cream or cream ice) is a sweetened frozen food typically eaten as a snack or dessert. [1]

212 relations: ABC-CLIO, Adzuki bean, Agnes Marshall, Ais kacang, American Broadcasting Company, Amusement park, Apple pie, Arabs, Argentina, Australia, Avocado, Baked Alaska, Banana split, Bar, Baskin-Robbins, Beer ice cream, Ben & Jerry's, Benjamin Franklin, Blue law, Boiling point, Booza, Buffalo, New York, Butterfat, Carbohydrate, Carl von Linde, Carlo Gatti, Carton, Carvel (restaurant), Casein, Catherine de' Medici, Channel 4, Charing Cross, Charles I of England, China, Chocolate, Chocolate Shoppe Ice Cream Company, Cocktail glass, Coconut milk, Cold-stimulus headache, Colorado State University, Convenience store, Corn syrup, Crème brûlée, Cream, Custard, Dairy product, Dairy Queen, Delhi, Dessert, Dippin' Dots, ..., Dolley Madison, Dondurma, Dry ice, Duke of Orléans, Durian, Emulsion, England, Evanston, Illinois, Evaporated milk, Faloodeh, Filipino cuisine, First Lady of the United States, Flavor, Food additive, Food coloring, Food writing, Frederic Tudor, French language, Frozen custard, Frozen food, Frozen yogurt, Fruit, Gelato, George Washington, Gluten, Gluten-related disorders, Greeks, Grocery store, Halo-halo, Hannah Glasse, Häagen-Dazs, Henry II of France, Heston Blumenthal, Hindu Kush, Hippocrates, Howard Johnson's, Ice cream cake, Ice cream cone, Ice cream float, Ice cream maker, Ice cream parlor, Ice cream sandwich, Ice cream social, Ice cream van, Ice crystals, Ice house (building), Ice milk, Ice pop, Indonesia, Ingredient, International Foodservice Distributors Association, Italy, Ithaca, New York, Jackfruit, James Madison, Kashrut, Kulfi, Lactose intolerance, Latent heat, Lime (fruit), Liquid nitrogen, List of dairy products, List of desserts, List of ice cream brands, List of ice cream flavors, London, Louisiana Purchase Exposition, Malaysia, Malden, Massachusetts, Maple, Maple syrup, Maple taffy, Marketing strategy, Mass production, Mastic (plant resin), Mediterranean Basin, Mellorine, Melting point, Milk, Milk allergy, Milk bar, Milk substitute, Milkshake, Missouri, Mrs. Mary Eales's Receipts, Mughal emperors, Mughal Empire, Mung bean, Music box, Nero, Nestlé, New York City, New Zealand, Niter, North America, Norway, Ostwald ripening, Oxford English Dictionary, Palm sugar, Paris, Patbingsu, Pension, Pistachio, President of the United States, Prohibition in the United States, Protein, Quakers, Red bean paste, Refrigeration, Regent's Canal, Resin, Rice, Roman emperor, Rose water, Royal Institution, Royal prerogative, Saffron, Salep, Santa Barbara, California, Seasoning, Semifreddo, Sheep milk, Singapore, Snack, Snow cone, Soda fountain, Soda shop, Soft serve, Sorbet, Sorbetes, South Asia, Soy milk, Squround, Stabilizer (chemistry), Strawberry ice cream, Sugar, Sugar substitute, Sundae, Syria, Tap (valve), Tastee-Freez, The Art of Cookery made Plain and Easy, Thomas Jefferson, Three Rivers Press, Tiramisu, Tofu, Toronto, Turkey in the Straw, Two Rivers, Wisconsin, United States, United States Department of Agriculture, United States presidential inaugural balls, University of Guelph, Vanilla, Veganism, Vermicelli, Waffle, Water vapor, Whipped cream, Wiley-Blackwell, Yogurt, Yolk. Expand index (162 more) »


ABC-CLIO, LLC is a publishing company for academic reference works and periodicals primarily on topics such as history and social sciences for educational and public library settings.

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Adzuki bean

The adzuki bean (Vigna angularis; from, sometimes transliterated as azuki or aduki, or English red mung bean) is an annual vine widely grown throughout East Asia and the Himalayas for its small (approximately 5 mm) bean.

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Agnes Marshall

Agnes Bertha Marshall (24 August 1855 – 29 July 1905) was an English culinary entrepreneur.

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Ais kacang

Ice kacang, literally meaning "bean ice", also commonly known as ABC (acronym for Air Batu Campur, meaning "mixed ice"), is a Malaysian dessert which is also common in Singapore (where it is called ice kachang) and Brunei.

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American Broadcasting Company

The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.

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Amusement park

An amusement park is a park that features various attractions, such as rides and games, as well as other events for entertainment purposes.

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Apple pie

An apple pie is a pie or a tart, in which the principal filling ingredient is apple.

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Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.

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Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.

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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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The avocado (Persea americana) is a tree, long thought to have originated in South Central Mexico, classified as a member of the flowering plant family Lauraceae.

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Baked Alaska

Baked Alaska is a dessert food consisting of ice cream and cake topped with browned meringue.

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Banana split

A banana split is an ice cream-based dessert.

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A bar (also known as a saloon or a tavern or sometimes a pub or club, referring to the actual establishment, as in pub bar or savage club etc.) is a retail business establishment that serves alcoholic beverages, such as beer, wine, liquor, cocktails, and other beverages such as mineral water and soft drinks and often sell snack foods such as crisps (potato chips) or peanuts, for consumption on premises.

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Baskin-Robbins is an American chain of ice cream and cake specialty shop restaurants.

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Beer ice cream

Beer ice cream is a type of ice cream prepared using beer as an ingredient.

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Ben & Jerry's

Ben & Jerry's Homemade Holdings Inc, trading and commonly known as Ben & Jerry's, is an American company that manufactures ice cream, frozen yogurt, and sorbet.

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Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin (April 17, 1790) was an American polymath and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

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Blue law

Blue laws, also known as Sunday laws, are laws designed to restrict or ban some or all Sunday activities for religious reasons, particularly to promote the observance of a day of worship or rest.

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Boiling point

The boiling point of a substance is the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid equals the pressure surrounding the liquid and the liquid changes into a vapor.

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Booza (Arabic: بوظة) is a kind of Arabic ice cream known for its elastic texture and resistance to melting.

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Buffalo, New York

Buffalo is the second largest city in the state of New York and the 81st most populous city in the United States.

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Butterfat or milkfat is the fatty portion of milk.

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A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).

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Carl von Linde

Carl Paul Gottfried Linde (11 June 1842 – 16 November 1934) was a German scientist, engineer, and businessman.

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Carlo Gatti

Carlo Gatti (1817–1878) was a Swiss entrepreneur in the Victorian era.

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A carton is a box or container usually made of paperboard and sometimes of corrugated fiberboard.

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Carvel (restaurant)

Carvel is an ice cream franchise owned by Focus Brands.

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Casein ("kay-seen", from Latin caseus, "cheese") is a family of related phosphoproteins (αS1, αS2, β, κ).

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Catherine de' Medici

Catherine de Medici (Italian: Caterina de Medici,; French: Catherine de Médicis,; 13 April 1519 – 5 January 1589), daughter of Lorenzo II de' Medici and Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne, was an Italian noblewoman who was queen of France from 1547 until 1559, by marriage to King Henry II.

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Channel 4

Channel 4 is a British public-service television broadcaster that began transmission on 2 November 1982.

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Charing Cross

Charing Cross is a junction in London, England, where six routes meet.

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Charles I of England

Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually brown food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted and ground.

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Chocolate Shoppe Ice Cream Company

Chocolate Shoppe Ice Cream Co. is an ice cream company based in Madison, Wisconsin that manufactures and distributes super-premium ice cream, frozen yogurt, Italian ice, soy ice cream, and no sugar added ice cream.

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Cocktail glass

A cocktail glass is a stemmed glass with an inverted cone bowl, mainly used to serve straight-up cocktails.

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Coconut milk

Coconut milk is the liquid that comes from the grated meat of a mature coconut.

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Cold-stimulus headache

A cold-stimulus headache, also known as brain freeze, ice-cream headache, trigeminal headache or its given scientific name sphenopalatine ganglioneuralgia (meaning "pain of the sphenopalatine ganglion"), is a form of brief pain or headache commonly associated with consumption (particularly quick consumption) of cold beverages or foods such as ice cream and ice pops.

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Colorado State University

Colorado State University (also referred to as Colorado State, State, and CSU) is a public research university located in Fort Collins, in the U.S. state of Colorado.

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Convenience store

A convenience store or convenience shop is a small retail business that stocks a range of everyday items such as groceries, snack foods, confectionery, soft drinks, tobacco products, over-the-counter drugs, toiletries, newspapers, and magazines.

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Corn syrup

Corn syrup is a food syrup which is made from the starch of corn (called maize in some countries) and contains varying amounts of maltose and higher oligosaccharides, depending on the grade.

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Crème brûlée

Crème brûlée, also known as burnt cream or Trinity cream, is a dessert consisting of a rich custard base topped with a contrasting layer of caramelized sugar.

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Cream is a dairy product composed of the higher-butterfat layer skimmed from the top of milk before homogenization.

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Custard is a variety of culinary preparations based on a cooked mixture of milk or cream and egg yolk.

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Dairy product

Dairy products, milk products or lacticinia are a type of food produced from or containing the milk of mammals, primarily cattle, water buffaloes, goats, sheep, camels, and humans.

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Dairy Queen

Dairy Queen, often abbreviated DQ, is a chain of soft serve ice cream and fast-food restaurants owned by International Dairy Queen, Inc., a subsidiary of Berkshire Hathaway Inc.

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Delhi (Dilli), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India.

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Dessert is a confectionery course that concludes a main meal.

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Dippin' Dots

Dippin Dots is an ice cream snack, invented by Southern Illinois University Carbondale graduate Curt Jones in 1988.

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Dolley Madison

Dorothea "Dolley" Dandridge Payne Todd Madison (May 20, 1768 – July 12, 1849) was the wife of James Madison, President of the United States from 1809 to 1817.

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Dondurma (in Turkish: Maraş dondurması, meaning "the ice cream of the city of Maraş", also called Dövme dondurma, meaning "battered ice cream") is a Turkish mastic ice cream.

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Dry ice

Dry ice, sometimes referred to as "cardice" (chiefly by British chemists), is the solid form of carbon dioxide.

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Duke of Orléans

Duke of Orléans (Duc d'Orléans) was a title reserved for French royalty, first created in 1344 by Philip VI in favor of his son Philip of Valois.

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The durian is the fruit of several tree species belonging to the genus Durio.

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An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (unmixable or unblendable).

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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Evanston, Illinois

Evanston is a city in Cook County, Illinois, United States, north of downtown Chicago, bordered by Chicago to the south, Skokie to the west, and Wilmette to the north.

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Evaporated milk

Evaporated milk, known in some countries as unsweetened condensed milk, is a shelf-stable canned milk product with about 60% of the water removed from fresh milk.

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Faloodeh (فالوده Fālūde) or Paloodeh (پالوده Pālūde) is an Iranian cold dessert popularly known as "Persian noodle dessert" in the Western countries.

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Filipino cuisine

Filipino cuisine (Lutuing Pilipino/Pagkaing Pilipino) is composed of the cuisines of 144 distinct ethno-linguistic groups found throughout the Philippine archipelago.

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First Lady of the United States

The First Lady of the United States (FLOTUS) is the title held by the hostess of the White House, usually the wife of the President of the United States, concurrent with the President's term in office.

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Flavor (American English) or flavour (British English; see spelling differences) is the sensory impression of food or other substance, and is determined primarily by the chemical senses of taste and smell.

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Food additive

Food additives are substances added to food to preserve flavor or enhance its taste, appearance, or other qualities.

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Food coloring

Food coloring, or color additive, is any dye, pigment or substance that imparts color when it is added to food or drink.

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Food writing

Food writing is a type of writing that focuses on the topic of food, both widely and narrowly defined, and includes work by food critics and food historians.

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Frederic Tudor

Frederic Tudor (September 4, 1783 – February 6, 1864) was an American businessman and merchant.

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French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.

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Frozen custard

Frozen custard is a cold dessert similar to ice cream, but made with eggs in addition to cream and sugar.

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Frozen food

Freezing food preserves it from the time it is prepared to the time it is eaten.

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Frozen yogurt

Frozen yogurt (also spelled frozen yoghurt; also known as froyo or by the tradename Froyo) is a frozen dessert made with yogurt and sometimes other dairy products including non-dairy products.

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In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.

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Gelato is ice cream made in the Italian style.

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George Washington

George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.

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Gluten (from Latin gluten, "glue") is a composite of storage proteins termed prolamins and glutelins and stored together with starch in the endosperm (which nourishes the embryonic plant during germination) of various cereal (grass) grains.

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Gluten-related disorders

Gluten-related disorders is the umbrella term for all diseases triggered by gluten.

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The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες, Éllines) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, southern Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age.. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.

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Grocery store

A grocery store or grocer's shop is a retail shop that primarily sells food.

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Haluhalo or Halo-halo ("mixed together") is a popular Filipino dessert with a mixture of shaved ice and evaporated milk to which various ingredients are added, including boiled sweet beans, coconut, sago, gulaman (agar jelly), tubers, fruits, and yam ice cream.

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Hannah Glasse

Hannah Glasse (Allgood; March 1708 – 1 September 1770) was an English cookery writer of the 18th century.

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Häagen-Dazs is an American ice cream brand, established by Reuben and Rose Mattus in the Bronx, New York, in 1961.

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Henry II of France

Henry II (Henri II; 31 March 1519 – 10 July 1559) was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 31 March 1547 until his death in 1559.

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Heston Blumenthal

Heston Marc Blumenthal, OBE (born 27 May 1966) is a British celebrity chef.

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Hindu Kush

The Hindu Kush, also known in Ancient Greek as the Caucasus Indicus (Καύκασος Ινδικός) or Paropamisadae (Παροπαμισάδαι), in Pashto and Persian as, Hindu Kush is an mountain range that stretches near the Afghan-Pakistan border,, Quote: "The Hindu Kush mountains run along the Afghan border with the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan".

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Hippocrates of Kos (Hippokrátēs ho Kṓos), also known as Hippocrates II, was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine.

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Howard Johnson's

Howard Johnson's, or Howard Johnson by Wyndham, is an American chain of hotels and motels located primarily throughout the United States and Canada.

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Ice cream cake

An ice cream cake is ice cream in the shape of a cake with layers of sponge cake or cookie crumble in between.

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Ice cream cone

An ice cream cone, poke (Ireland and Scotland) or cornet is a dry, cone-shaped pastry, usually made of a wafer similar in texture to a waffle, which enables ice cream to be held in the hand and eaten without a bowl or spoon.

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Ice cream float

An ice cream float or ice cream soda (United States, United Kingdom, Canada, South Africa and East Asia), coke float (United Kingdom and Southeast Asia), or spider (Australia and New Zealand), is a chilled beverage that consists of ice cream in either a soft drink or in a mixture of flavored syrup and carbonated water.

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Ice cream maker

A domestic ice cream maker is a machine used to make small quantities of ice cream for personal consumption.

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Ice cream parlor

Ice cream parlors (or parlours) are restaurants that sell ice cream, gelato, sorbet, and frozen yogurt to consumers.

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Ice cream sandwich

An ice cream sandwich is a frozen dessert consisting of ice cream between two skins, crusts, or other similar biscuit.

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Ice cream social

An ice cream social (also known as an ice cream party) is a planned event the primary focus of which is ice cream served to the guests.

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Ice cream van

An ice cream van (British) or ice cream truck (American) is a commercial vehicle that serves as a mobile retail outlet for ice cream, usually during the summer.

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Ice crystals

Ice crystals are solid ice exhibiting atomic ordering on various length scales and include hexagonal columns, hexagonal plates, dendritic crystals, and diamond dust.

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Ice house (building)

Ice houses or icehouses are buildings used to store ice throughout the year, commonly used prior to the invention of the refrigerator.

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Ice milk

Ice milk, or iced milk, is a frozen dessert with less than 10 percent milk fat and the same sweetener content as ice cream.

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Ice pop

An ice pop is a water-based frozen snack.

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Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.

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An ingredient is a substance that forms part of a mixture (in a general sense).

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International Foodservice Distributors Association

The International Foodservice Distributors Association (IFDA) is a trade association serving the foodservice distribution industry.

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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Ithaca, New York

Ithaca is a city in the Finger Lakes region of New York.

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The jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), also known as jack tree, fenne, jakfruit, or sometimes simply jack or jak, is a species of tree in the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family (Moraceae) native to southwest India.

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James Madison

James Madison Jr. (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836) was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the fourth President of the United States from 1809 to 1817.

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Kashrut (also kashruth or kashrus) is a set of Jewish religious dietary laws.

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Kulfi is a popular frozen dairy dessert from the Indian subcontinent.

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Lactose intolerance

Lactose intolerance is a condition in which people have symptoms due to the decreased ability to digest lactose, a sugar found in dairy products.

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Latent heat

Latent heat is thermal energy released or absorbed, by a body or a thermodynamic system, during a constant-temperature process — usually a first-order phase transition.

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Lime (fruit)

A lime (from French lime, from Arabic līma, from Persian līmū, "lemon") is a hybrid citrus fruit, which is typically round, lime green, in diameter, and contains acidic juice vesicles.

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Liquid nitrogen

Liquid nitrogen is nitrogen in a liquid state at an extremely low temperature.

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List of dairy products

This is a list of dairy products.

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List of desserts

A dessert is typically the sweet course that concludes a meal in the culture of many countries, particularity Western culture.

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List of ice cream brands

This is a list of notable ice cream brands.

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List of ice cream flavors

This is a list of notable ice cream flavors.

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London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Louisiana Purchase Exposition

The Louisiana Purchase Exposition, informally known as the St.

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Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.

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Malden, Massachusetts

Malden is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States.

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Acer is a genus of trees or shrubs commonly known as maple.

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Maple syrup

Maple syrup is a syrup usually made from the xylem sap of sugar maple, red maple, or black maple trees, although it can also be made from other maple species.

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Maple taffy

Maple taffy (sometimes maple toffee in English-speaking Canada, tire d'érable in French-speaking Canada; also sugar on snow in the United States) is a sugar candy made by boiling maple sap past the point where it would form maple syrup, but not so long that it becomes maple butter or maple sugar.

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Marketing strategy

Marketing strategy is a long-term, forward-looking approach to planning with the fundamental goal achieving a sustainable competitive advantage.

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Mass production

Mass production, also known as flow production or continuous production, is the production of large amounts of standardized products, including and especially on assembly lines.

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Mastic (plant resin)

Mastic (Μαστίχα) is a resin obtained from the mastic tree (Pistacia lentiscus).

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Mediterranean Basin

In biogeography, the Mediterranean Basin (also known as the Mediterranean region or sometimes Mediterranea) is the region of lands around the Mediterranean Sea that have a Mediterranean climate, with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers, which supports characteristic Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub vegetation.

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Mellorine is a lower-cost imitation of ice cream, using fats other than butterfat.

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Melting point

The melting point (or, rarely, liquefaction point) of a substance is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid at atmospheric pressure.

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Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.

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Milk allergy

Milk allergy is an adverse immune reaction to one or more proteins in cow's milk.

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Milk bar

In Australia, a milk bar is a suburban local general store or café.

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Milk substitute

A milk substitute is a liquid meant to replace the milk from a mammal.

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A milkshake is a sweet, cold beverage that is usually made from milk, ice cream, or iced milk, and flavorings or sweeteners such as butterscotch, caramel sauce, chocolate syrup, or fruit syrup.

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Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States.

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Mrs. Mary Eales's Receipts


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Mughal emperors

The Mughal emperors, from the early 16th century to the early 18th century, built and ruled the Mughal Empire on the Indian subcontinent, mainly corresponding to the modern countries of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh.

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Mughal Empire

The Mughal Empire (گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān)) or Mogul Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. It was established and ruled by a Muslim dynasty with Turco-Mongol Chagatai roots from Central Asia, but with significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances; only the first two Mughal emperors were fully Central Asian, while successive emperors were of predominantly Rajput and Persian ancestry. The dynasty was Indo-Persian in culture, combining Persianate culture with local Indian cultural influences visible in its traits and customs. The Mughal Empire at its peak extended over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent and parts of Afghanistan. It was the second largest empire to have existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning approximately four million square kilometres at its zenith, after only the Maurya Empire, which spanned approximately five million square kilometres. The Mughal Empire ushered in a period of proto-industrialization, and around the 17th century, Mughal India became the world's largest economic power, accounting for 24.4% of world GDP, and the world leader in manufacturing, producing 25% of global industrial output up until the 18th century. The Mughal Empire is considered "India's last golden age" and one of the three Islamic Gunpowder Empires (along with the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia). The beginning of the empire is conventionally dated to the victory by its founder Babur over Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The Mughal emperors had roots in the Turco-Mongol Timurid dynasty of Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (founder of the Mongol Empire, through his son Chagatai Khan) and Timur (Turco-Mongol conqueror who founded the Timurid Empire). During the reign of Humayun, the successor of Babur, the empire was briefly interrupted by the Sur Empire. The "classic period" of the Mughal Empire started in 1556 with the ascension of Akbar the Great to the throne. Under the rule of Akbar and his son Jahangir, the region enjoyed economic progress as well as religious harmony, and the monarchs were interested in local religious and cultural traditions. Akbar was a successful warrior who also forged alliances with several Hindu Rajput kingdoms. Some Rajput kingdoms continued to pose a significant threat to the Mughal dominance of northwestern India, but most of them were subdued by Akbar. All Mughal emperors were Muslims; Akbar, however, propounded a syncretic religion in the latter part of his life called Dīn-i Ilāhī, as recorded in historical books like Ain-i-Akbari and Dabistān-i Mazāhib. The Mughal Empire did not try to intervene in the local societies during most of its existence, but rather balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices and diverse and inclusive ruling elites, leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule. Traditional and newly coherent social groups in northern and western India, such as the Maratha Empire|Marathas, the Rajputs, the Pashtuns, the Hindu Jats and the Sikhs, gained military and governing ambitions during Mughal rule, which, through collaboration or adversity, gave them both recognition and military experience. The reign of Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor, between 1628 and 1658, was the zenith of Mughal architecture. He erected several large monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, as well as the Moti Masjid, Agra, the Red Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Jama Masjid, Delhi, and the Lahore Fort. The Mughal Empire reached the zenith of its territorial expanse during the reign of Aurangzeb and also started its terminal decline in his reign due to Maratha military resurgence under Category:History of Bengal Category:History of West Bengal Category:History of Bangladesh Category:History of Kolkata Category:Empires and kingdoms of Afghanistan Category:Medieval India Category:Historical Turkic states Category:Mongol states Category:1526 establishments in the Mughal Empire Category:1857 disestablishments in the Mughal Empire Category:History of Pakistan.

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Mung bean

The mung bean (Vigna radiata), alternatively known as the green gram, maash, or moong Sanskrit मुद्ग / mŪgd, is a plant species in the legume family.

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Music box

A music box or musical box is an automatic musical instrument in a box that produces musical notes by using a set of pins placed on a revolving cylinder or disc to pluck the tuned teeth (or ''lamellae'') of a steel comb.

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Nero (Latin: Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 15 December 37 – 9 June 68 AD) was the last Roman emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.

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Nestlé S.A. is a Swiss transnational food and drink company headquartered in Vevey, Vaud, Switzerland.

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New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Niter, or nitre (chiefly British), is the mineral form of potassium nitrate, KNO3, also known as saltpeter or saltpetre.

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North America

North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.

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Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

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Ostwald ripening

Ostwald ripening is an observed phenomenon in solid solutions or liquid sols that describes the change of an inhomogeneous structure over time, i.e., small crystals or sol particles dissolve, and redeposit onto larger crystals or sol particles.

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Oxford English Dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.

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Palm sugar

Palm sugar is a sweetener derived from any variety of palm tree.

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Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.

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Patbingsu (sometimes anglicized as patbingsoo, literally "red beans shaved ice") is a popular Korean shaved ice dessert with sweet toppings that may include chopped fruit, condensed milk, fruit syrup, and red beans.

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A pension is a fund into which a sum of money is added during an employee's employment years, and from which payments are drawn to support the person's retirement from work in the form of periodic payments.

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The pistachio (Pistacia vera), a member of the cashew family, is a small tree originating from Central Asia and the Middle East.

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President of the United States

The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.

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Prohibition in the United States

Prohibition in the United States was a nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages from 1920 to 1933.

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Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

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Quakers (or Friends) are members of a historically Christian group of religious movements formally known as the Religious Society of Friends or Friends Church.

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Red bean paste

Red bean paste or red bean jam, also called adzuki bean paste, is a paste made of red beans (also called "adzuki beans"), used in East Asian cuisine.

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Refrigeration is a process of removing heat from a low-temperature reservoir and transferring it to a high-temperature reservoir.

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Regent's Canal

Regent's Canal is a canal across an area just north of central London, England.

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In polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a "solid or highly viscous substance" of plant or synthetic origin that is typically convertible into polymers.

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Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).

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Roman emperor

The Roman Emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC).

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Rose water

Rose water (گلاب; golāb) is a flavoured water made by steeping rose petals in water.

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Royal Institution

The Royal Institution of Great Britain (often abbreviated as the Royal Institution or Ri) is an organisation devoted to scientific education and research, based in London.

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Royal prerogative

The royal prerogative is a body of customary authority, privilege, and immunity, recognized in common law and, sometimes, in civil law jurisdictions possessing a monarchy, as belonging to the sovereign and which have become widely vested in the government.

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Saffron (pronounced or) is a spice derived from the flower of Crocus sativus, commonly known as the "saffron crocus".

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Salep(salep, sahlep; ثعلب, sa'alab; سحلب, saḥlab; salep; səhləb; סַחְלֶבּּ, saḥlab; σαλέπι, salepi; Serbian, Macedonian, Bulgarian and Bosnian: салеп, salep) is a flour made from the tubers of the orchid genus Orchis (including species Orchis mascula and Orchis militaris).

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Santa Barbara, California

Santa Barbara (Spanish for "Saint Barbara") is the county seat of Santa Barbara County in the U.S. state of California.

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Seasoning is the process of adding salt, herbs, or spices to food to enhance the flavour.

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Semifreddo (half cold) is a class of semi-frozen desserts.

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Sheep milk

Sheep's milk (or ewes' milk) is the milk of domestic sheep.

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Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.

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A snack is a portion of food, smaller than a regular meal, generally eaten between meals.

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Snow cone

Snow cones are a variation of shaved ice or ground-up ice desserts commonly served in paper cones or foam cups.

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Soda fountain

A soda fountain is a device that dispenses carbonated soft drinks, called fountain drinks.

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Soda shop

A soda shop, also often known as a malt shop (after malt, a sweet milkshake flavoring), is a business akin to an ice cream parlor and a drugstore soda fountain.

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Soft serve

Soft serve is a type of ice cream that is softer and less dense than regular ice creams as a result of air being introduced during freezing.

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Sorbet is a frozen dessert made from sweetened water with flavoring (typically fruit juice or fruit purée, wine, liqueur or, very rarely, honey).

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Sorbetes is the traditional variation of ice cream made in the Philippines.

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South Asia

South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.

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Soy milk

Soy milk or soymilk is a plant-based drink produced by soaking and grinding soybeans, boiling the mixture, and filtering out remaining particulates.

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Squround is a portmanteau for "square round" (cartons), referring to a compromise between a square and a round carton.

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Stabilizer (chemistry)

In industrial chemistry, a stabilizer is a chemical that is used to prevent degradation.

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Strawberry ice cream

Strawberry ice cream is a flavor of ice cream made with strawberry or strawberry flavoring.

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Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.

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Sugar substitute

A sugar substitute is a food additive that provides a sweet taste like that of sugar while containing significantly less food energy.

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The sundae is a sweet ice cream dessert.

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Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.

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Tap (valve)

A tap (also spigot or faucet: see usage variations) is a valve controlling the release of a liquid or gas.

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Tastee-Freez is a soft serve franchised chain of 23 fast-food restaurants.

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The Art of Cookery made Plain and Easy

The Art of Cookery made Plain and Easy is a cookbook by Hannah Glasse (1708–1770) first published in 1747.

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Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson (April 13, [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809.

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Three Rivers Press

Three Rivers Press is the trade paperback imprint of the Crown Publishing Group, a division of Random House.

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Tiramisu (from the Italian language, spelled tiramisù, from the Venetian tiramesù, meaning "pick me up", "cheer me up" or "lift me up") is a coffee-flavoured Italian dessert.

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Tofu, also known as bean curd, is a food cultivated by coagulating soy milk and then pressing the resulting curds into soft white blocks.

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Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.

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Turkey in the Straw

"Turkey in the Straw" is a well-known American folk song dating from the early 19th century.

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Two Rivers, Wisconsin

Two Rivers is a city in Manitowoc County, Wisconsin, United States.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Department of Agriculture

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.

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United States presidential inaugural balls

United States presidential inaugural balls are large social gatherings, both white tie and black tie, held to celebrate the commencement of a new term of the President of the United States.

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University of Guelph

The University of Guelph (U of G) is a comprehensive public research university in Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

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Vanilla is a flavoring derived from orchids of the genus Vanilla, primarily from the Mexican species, flat-leaved vanilla (V. planifolia).

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Veganism is the practice of abstaining from the use of animal products, particularly in diet, and an associated philosophy that rejects the commodity status of animals.

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Vermicelli (lit. "little worms") is a traditional type of pasta round in section similar to spaghetti.

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A waffle is a dish made from leavened batter or dough that is cooked between two plates that are patterned to give a characteristic size, shape, and surface impression.

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Water vapor

No description.

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Whipped cream

Whipped cream is cream that is whipped by a whisk or mixer until it is light and fluffy.

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Wiley-Blackwell is the international scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly publishing business of John Wiley & Sons.

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Yogurt, yoghurt, or yoghourt (or; from yoğurt; other spellings listed below) is a food produced by bacterial fermentation of milk.

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Among animals which produce one, the yolk (also known as the vitellus) is the nutrient-bearing portion of the egg whose primary function is to supply food for the development of the embryo.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ice_cream

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