Adam7 is an interlacing algorithm for raster images, best known as the interlacing scheme optionally used in PNG images.
Additive Manufacturing File Format (AMF) is an open standard for describing objects for additive manufacturing processes such as 3D printing.
Adobe Illustrator Artwork (AI) is a proprietary file format developed by Adobe Systems for representing single-page vector-based drawings in either the EPS or PDF formats.
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems.
The Amiga is a family of personal computers introduced by Commodore in 1985.
The Animated Portable Network Graphics (APNG) file format is an extension to the Portable Network Graphics (PNG) specification.
ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character encoding standard for electronic communication.
Asymptote is a descriptive vector graphics language — developed by Andy Hammerlindl, John C. Bowman (University of Alberta), and Tom Prince — which provides a natural coordinate-based framework for technical drawing.
AutoCAD DXF (Drawing Interchange Format, or Drawing Exchange Format) is a CAD data file format developed by Autodesk for enabling data interoperability between AutoCAD and other programs.
Better Portable Graphics (BPG) is a file format for coding digital images, which was created by programmer Fabrice Bellard in 2014.
A binary file is a computer file that is not a text file.
A binary image is a digital image that has only two possible values for each pixel.
The BMP file format, also known as bitmap image file or device independent bitmap (DIB) file format or simply a bitmap, is a raster graphics image file format used to store bitmap digital images, independently of the display device (such as a graphics adapter), especially on Microsoft Windows and OS/2 operating systems.
, is a Japan-based organization set up in July 2002 to deal with technologies related to photography.
The cathode ray tube (CRT) is a vacuum tube that contains one or more electron guns and a phosphorescent screen, and is used to display images.
In computer and machine-based telecommunications terminology, a character is a unit of information that roughly corresponds to a grapheme, grapheme-like unit, or symbol, such as in an alphabet or syllabary in the written form of a natural language.
Chasys Draw IES (formerly known as Chasys Draw Artist) is a suite of applications including a layer-based raster graphics editor with animation, vista-style icon support and super-resolution via image stacking (Chasys Draw IES Artist), a multi-threaded image file converter (Chasys Draw IES Converter) and a fast image viewer (Chasys Draw IES Viewer).
The CMYK color model (process color, four color) is a subtractive color model, used in color printing, and is also used to describe the printing process itself.
COLLADA (COLLAborative Design Activity) is an interchange file format for interactive 3D applications.
The static compression ratio of an internal combustion engine or external combustion engine is a value that represents the ratio of the volume of its combustion chamber from its largest capacity to its smallest capacity.
A computer file is a computer resource for recording data discretely in a computer storage device.
Computer graphics are pictures and films created using computers.
Computer Graphics Metafile (CGM) is a free and open international standard file format for 2D vector graphics, raster graphics, and text, and is defined by ISO/IEC 8632.
A computer terminal is an electronic or electromechanical hardware device that is used for entering data into, and displaying or printing data from, a computer or a computing system.
Context-adaptive binary arithmetic coding (CABAC) is a form of entropy encoding used in the H.264/MPEG-4 AVC and High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) standards.
Corel Photo-Paint is a raster graphics editor developed and marketed by Corel since 1992.
CorelDraw (styled CorelDRAW) is a vector graphics editor developed and marketed by Corel Corporation.
Design Web Format (DWF) is a secure file format developed by Autodesk for the efficient distribution and communication of rich design data to anyone who needs to view, review, or print design files.
Digital Equipment Corporation, also known as DEC and using the trademark Digital, was a major American company in the computer industry from the 1950s to the 1990s.
A digital image is a numeric representation, normally binary, of a two-dimensional image.
Dither is an intentionally applied form of noise used to randomize quantization error, preventing large-scale patterns such as color banding in images.
ECW (Enhanced Compression Wavelet) is a proprietary wavelet compression image format optimized for aerial and satellite imagery.
Electronic test equipment is used to create signals and capture responses from electronic devices under test (DUTs).
Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) is a DSC-conforming PostScript document with additional restrictions which is intended to be usable as a graphics file format.
An engineering drawing, a type of technical drawing, is used to fully and clearly define requirements for engineered items.
Exchangeable image file format (officially Exif, according to JEIDA/JEITA/CIPA specifications) is a standard that specifies the formats for images, sound, and ancillary tags used by digital cameras (including smartphones), scanners and other systems handling image and sound files recorded by digital cameras.
Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML) is a declarative XML-based language developed by Microsoft that is used for initializing structured values and objects.
A filename extension is an identifier specified as a suffix to the name of a computer file.
Mozilla Firefox (or simply Firefox) is a free and open-source web browser developed by Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, Mozilla Corporation.
Flexible Image Transport System (FITS) is an open standard defining a digital file format useful for storage, transmission and processing of data: formatted as N-dimensional arrays (for example a 2D image), or tables.
Free Lossless Image Format (FLIF) is a lossless image format (current version FLIF16 specification) claiming to outperform PNG, lossless WebP, lossless BPG and lossless JPEG 2000 in terms of compression ratio on a variety of inputs.
Generation loss is the loss of quality between subsequent copies or transcodes of data.
The Gerber format is an open ASCII vector format for 2D binary images.
The Graphics Interchange Format, better known by its acronym GIF, is a bitmap image format that was developed by a team at the bulletin board service (BBS) provider CompuServe led by American computer scientist Steve Wilhite on June 15, 1987.
GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a free and open-source raster graphics editor used for image retouching and editing, free-form drawing, converting between different image formats, and more specialized tasks.
Graphics Environment Manager (GEM) was an operating environment created by Digital Research (DRI) for use with the DOS operating system on Intel 8088 and Motorola 68000 microprocessors.
Graphics Layout Engine (GLE) is a graphics scripting language designed for creating publication quality graphs, plots, diagrams, figures and slides.
gzip is a file format and a software application used for file compression and decompression.
Haiku Vector Icon Format (HVIF) is a vector storage format designed to store icons, specifically for Haiku.
The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.
Hexagon AB is a global technology group headquartered in Sweden.
High Efficiency Image File Format (HEIF, often pronounced heef) is a file format for individual images and image sequences.
High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC), also known as H.265 and MPEG-H Part 2, is a video compression standard, one of several potential successors to the widely used AVC (H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10).
High-dynamic-range imaging (HDRI) is a high dynamic range (HDR) technique used in imaging and photography to reproduce a greater dynamic range of luminosity than is possible with standard digital imaging or photographic techniques.
HP-GL (Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language; often written as HPGL) is a printer control language created by Hewlett-Packard (HP).
The ICO file format is an image file format for computer icons in Microsoft Windows.
The Initial Graphics Exchange Specification (IGES) (pronounced eye-jess) is a vendor-neutral file format that allows the digital exchange of information among computer-aided design (CAD) systems.
Interleaved Bitmap (ILBM) is an image file format conforming to the Interchange File Format (IFF) standard.
Industrial design is a process of design applied to products that are to be manufactured through techniques of mass production.
Interchange File Format (IFF), is a generic container file format originally introduced by the Electronic Arts company in 1985 (in cooperation with Commodore/Amiga) in order to facilitate transfer of data between software produced by different companies.
The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC; in French: Commission électrotechnique internationale) is an international standards organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies – collectively known as "electrotechnology".
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
ISO 10303 is an ISO standard for the computer-interpretable representation and exchange of product manufacturing information.
ISO base media file format (ISO/IEC 14496-12 – MPEG-4 Part 12) defines a general structure for time-based multimedia files such as video and audio.
The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is a federally funded research and development center and NASA field center in Pasadena, California, United States, with large portions of the campus in La Cañada Flintridge, California.
JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.
JPEG 2000 (JP2) is an image compression standard and coding system.
The JPEG File Interchange Format (JFIF) is an image file format standard.
JPEG XR (JPEG extended range) is a still-image compression standard and file format for continuous tone photographic images, based on technology originally developed and patented by Microsoft under the name HD Photo (formerly Windows Media Photo).
JPEG XT (ISO/IEC 18477) is an image compression standard which specifies backward-compatible extensions of the base JPEG standard (ISO/IEC 10918-1 and ITU Rec. T.81).
JT (Jupiter Tesselation) is an ISO-standardized 3D data format and is in industry used for product visualization, collaboration, CAD data exchange, and in some also for long-term data retention.
A laser lighting display or laser light show involves the use of laser light to entertain an audience.
Layered Image File Format (LIFF) is a file format used in the Openlab suite for microscope image processing.
Lempel–Ziv–Welch (LZW) is a universal lossless data compression algorithm created by Abraham Lempel, Jacob Ziv, and Terry Welch.
Lossless compression is a class of data compression algorithms that allows the original data to be perfectly reconstructed from the compressed data.
In information technology, lossy compression or irreversible compression is the class of data encoding methods that uses inexact approximations and partial data discarding to represent the content.
Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) is a mathematical markup language, an application of XML for describing mathematical notations and capturing both its structure and content.
Metadata is "data that provides information about other data".
Metafile is a generic term for a file format that can store multiple types of data.
Microscope image processing is a broad term that covers the use of digital image processing techniques to process, analyze and present images obtained from a microscope.
In medicine, monitoring is the observation of a disease, condition or one or several medical parameters over time.
Monochrome describes paintings, drawings, design, or photographs in one color or values of one color.
The Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) is a working group of authorities that was formed by ISO and IEC to set standards for audio and video compression and transmission.
MrSID (pronounced Mister Sid) is an acronym that stands for multiresolution seamless image database.
Multiple-image Network Graphics (MNG) is a graphics file format, published in 2001, for animated images.
NAPLPS (North American Presentation Level Protocol Syntax) is a graphics language for use originally with videotex and teletext services.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Netpbm is an open-source package of graphics programs and a programming library.
A Netpbm format is any graphics format used and defined by the Netpbm project.
Nrrd ("nearly raw raster data") is a library and file format for the representation and processing of n-dimensional raster data.
The Office Open XML file formats are a set of file formats that can be used to represent electronic office documents.
The Open Game Engine Exchange (OpenGEX) format is a text-based file format designed to facilitate the transfer of complex 3D scene data between applications such as modeling tools and game engines.
An open standard is a standard that is publicly available and has various rights to use associated with it, and may also have various properties of how it was designed (e.g. open process).
Open XML Paper Specification (also referred to as OpenXPS) is an open specification for a page description language and a fixed-document format.
The Open Document Format for Office Applications (ODF), also known as OpenDocument, is a ZIP-compressed XML-based file format for spreadsheets, charts, presentations and word processing documents.
OpenFlight (or.flt) is a 3d geometry model file format originally developed by Software Systems Inc.
Opera is a web browser for Windows, macOS, and Linux operating systems developed by Opera Software AS.
Optical character recognition (also optical character reader, OCR) is the mechanical or electronic conversion of images of typed, handwritten or printed text into machine-encoded text, whether from a scanned document, a photo of a document, a scene-photo (for example the text on signs and billboards in a landscape photo) or from subtitle text superimposed on an image (for example from a television broadcast).
In digital printing, a page description language (PDL) is a computer language that describes the appearance of a printed page in a higher level than an actual output bitmap.
Paint.net (stylized as Paint.NET or paint.net) is a freeware raster graphics editor program for Microsoft Windows, developed on the.NET Framework.
PaintShop Pro (PSP) is a raster and vector graphics editor for Microsoft Windows.
PCX, standing for PiCture eXchange, is an image file format developed by the now-defunct ZSoft Corporation of Marietta, Georgia, United States.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
PGF/TikZ is a pair of languages for producing vector graphics from a geometric/algebraic description.
PICT is a graphics file format introduced on the original Apple Macintosh computer as its standard metafile format.
The plotter is a computer printer for printing vector graphics.
PLY is a computer file format known as the Polygon File Format or the Stanford Triangle Format.
Portable Network Graphics (PNG, pronounced or) is a raster graphics file format that supports lossless data compression.
PostScript (PS) is a page description language in the electronic publishing and desktop publishing business.
The Persistence of Vision Ray Tracer, or POV-Ray, is a ray tracing program which generates images from a text-based scene description, and is available for a variety of computer platforms.
PRC (Product Representation Compact) is a 3D file format that can be used to embed 3D data in a PDF file.
Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML) is an XML-based language for representing vector graphics.
A printed circuit board (PCB) mechanically supports and electrically connects electronic components or electrical components using conductive tracks, pads and other features etched from one or more sheet layers of copper laminated onto and/or between sheet layers of a non-conductive substrate.
Printer Command Language, more commonly referred to as PCL, is a page description language (PDL) developed by Hewlett-Packard as a printer protocol and has become a de facto industry standard.
PGF (Progressive Graphics File) is a wavelet-based bitmapped image format that employs lossless and lossy data compression.
PSTricks is a set of macros that allow the inclusion of PostScript drawings directly inside TeX or LaTeX code.
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
Radiance is a suite of tools for performing lighting simulation originally written by Greg Ward.
In computer graphics, a raster graphics or bitmap image is a dot matrix data structure that represents a generally rectangular grid of pixels (points of color), viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium.
A raster graphics editor is a computer program that allows users to create and edit images interactively on the computer screen and save them in one of many "bitmap" or "raster" formats such as JPEG, PNG, GIF and TIFF.
ReGIS, short for Remote Graphic Instruction Set, was a vector graphics markup language developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) for later models of their famous VT series of computer terminals.
The Remote Imaging Protocol and its associated Remote Imaging Protocol Scripting Language, RIPscrip, is a scripting language that provides a system for sending vector graphics over low-bandwidth links, notably modems.
The Resource Interchange File Format (RIFF) is a generic file container format for storing data in tagged chunks.
The RGB color model is an additive color model in which red, green and blue light are added together in various ways to reproduce a broad array of colors.
RGBE or Radiance HDR is an image format invented by Gregory Ward Larson for the Radiance rendering system.
RISC OS is a computer operating system originally designed by Acorn Computers Ltd in Cambridge, England.
Run-length encoding (RLE) is a very simple form of lossless data compression in which runs of data (that is, sequences in which the same data value occurs in many consecutive data elements) are stored as a single data value and count, rather than as the original run.
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) is an XML-based vector image format for two-dimensional graphics with support for interactivity and animation.
Silicon Graphics Image (SGI) or the RGB file format is the native raster graphics file format for Silicon Graphics workstations.
SketchUp, formerly Google Sketchup, is a 3D modeling computer program for a wide range of drawing applications such as architectural, interior design, landscape architecture, civil and mechanical engineering, film and video game design.
In computing, source code is any collection of code, possibly with comments, written using a human-readable programming language, usually as plain text.
Spacewar! is a space combat video game developed in 1962 by Steve Russell, in collaboration with Martin Graetz and Wayne Wiitanen, and programmed by Russell with assistance from others including Bob Saunders and Steve Piner.
STL (an abbreviation of "stereolithography") is a file format native to the stereolithography CAD software created by 3D Systems.
Sun Raster was a raster graphics file format used on SunOS by Sun Microsystems.
SWF is an abbreviation for Small Web Format, an Adobe Flash file format used for multimedia, vector graphics and ActionScript.
TeX (see below), stylized within the system as TeX, is a typesetting system (or "formatting system") designed and mostly written by Donald Knuth and released in 1978.
Tagged Image File Format, abbreviated TIFF or TIF, is a computer file format for storing raster graphics images, popular among graphic artists, the publishing industry, and photographers.
Truevision TGA, often referred to as TARGA, is a raster graphics file format created by Truevision Inc. (now part of Avid Technology).
Ucamco (formerly Barco ETS) develops and markets software and hardware for the electronics manufacturing services.
Universal 3D (U3D) is a compressed file format standard for 3D computer graphics data.
Vector graphics are computer graphics images that are defined in terms of 2D points, which are connected by lines and curves to form polygons and other shapes.
Vector Markup Language (VML) was an XML-based file format for two-dimensional vector graphics.
VICAR is an image file format developed by the NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
VP8 is an open and royalty free video compression format owned by Google and created by On2 Technologies as a successor to VP7.
VRML (Virtual Reality Modeling Language, pronounced vermal or by its initials, originally—before 1995—known as the Virtual Reality Markup Language) is a standard file format for representing 3-dimensional (3D) interactive vector graphics, designed particularly with the World Wide Web in mind.
In computing, a web application or web app is a client–server computer program which the client (including the user interface and client-side logic) runs in a web browser.
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.
WebP is an image format employing both lossy and lossless compression.
Windows Metafile (WMF) is an image file format originally designed for Microsoft Windows in the 1990s.
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or W3).
X3D is a royalty-free ISO standard for declaratively representing 3D computer graphics.
The Xar file format is the fully specified vector graphics file format of Xara and Xara Photo & Graphic Designer.
Xara is a UK-based software company founded in 1981.
XCF, short for eXperimental Computing Facility, is the native image format of the GIMP image-editing program.
In computing, Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable.
XVL is a lightweight 3D file format for 3D computer graphics data.
xVRML (eXtensible Virtual Reality Modeling Language, usually pronounced ex-vermal) is a standard file format for representing 3-dimensional (3D) interactive computer graphics, designed particularly with the World Wide Web in mind.
The YCoCg color model is the color space formed from a simple transformation of an associated RGB color space into a luma value (denoted as Y) and two chroma values called chrominance green (Cg) and chrominance orange (Co).
3DS is one of the file formats used by the Autodesk 3ds Max 3D modeling, animation and rendering software.
DWG (from drawing) is a proprietary binary file format used for storing two- and three- dimensional design data and metadata.
3DXML is a proprietary 3D file format developed by Dassault Systemes under its 3DVIA Brand.
Graphic file formats, Graphic formats, Graphics file format, Graphics file formats, Graphics standards, Image file, Image file format, Image files, Image format, Image formats, List of vector graphics markup languages, Raster graphics file formats, Vector graphics file formats, Vector graphics markup language, Vector graphics markup languages.