121 relations: Adobe Photoshop, Amiga, Amplitude modulation, Application programming interface, Atari ST, Automatic document feeder, Édouard Belin, Barcode, Barcode reader, Bates numbering, Bitmap, Book scanning, Camera, Canon Inc., Charge-coupled device, Cintel, Cold cathode, Color depth, Computer, Contact image sensor, CT scan, Data entry clerk, Densitometer, Densitometry, Device driver, Digital camera, Digital camera back, Digital ICE, Digital image, Digital zoom, Display resolution, DNA microarray, Document imaging, Document management system, Dots per inch, Dropbox (service), Evernote, Fax, Film scanner, Firmware, Free software, Gamma correction, GIMP, Giovanni Caselli, Halogen lamp, Handwriting, Hard disk drive, IEEE 1394, IEEE-488, Image and Scanner Interface Specification, ..., Image resolution, Image scanner, Image stabilization, Infrared cleaning, Input/output, Interpolation, ISO 216, JPEG, Kilobyte, Konica Minolta, Large format, LaserSoft Imaging, Library (computing), Light-emitting diode, Linux, Local area network, MacOS, Megabyte, Microsoft Windows, Microtek, Minolta, Monochrome, Newton's rings, Nikon, NuBus, Open-source model, Operating system, Optical character recognition, Optical resolution, Orthotics, OS/2, Parallel port, PDF, Photodetector, Photodiode, Photographic film, Photomultiplier, Pixel density, Planetary scanner, Platen, Plustek, Portable Network Graphics, Proprietary hardware, QR code, Quantification (science), Quenching (fluorescence), Raster graphics, RGB color model, Robotics, Samples per inch, Scanner Access Now Easy, SCSI, Second, Seiko Epson, Silica gel, Software, Stepper motor, Telecine, Thin-layer chromatography, Three-dimensional space, TIFF, Total cost of ownership, TWAIN, Ultraviolet, Unix, USB, Windows Image Acquisition, Wirephoto, Workflow, Xenon, 3D scanner. Expand index (71 more) » « Shrink index
Adobe Photoshop is a raster graphics editor developed and published by Adobe Systems for macOS and Windows.
The Amiga is a family of personal computers introduced by Commodore in 1985.
Amplitude modulation (AM) is a modulation technique used in electronic communication, most commonly for transmitting information via a radio carrier wave.
In computer programming, an application programming interface (API) is a set of subroutine definitions, protocols, and tools for building software.
The Atari ST is a line of home computers from Atari Corporation and the successor to the Atari 8-bit family.
In multifunction or all-in-one printers, fax machines, photocopiers and scanners, an automatic document feeder or ADF is a feature which takes several pages and feeds the paper one page at a time into a scanner or copier, allowing the user to scan, and thereby copy, print, or fax, multiple-page documents without having to manually replace each page.
Édouard Belin (Vesoul, Haute-Saône, France, 5 March 1876 – 4 March 1963 in Territet, Canton of Vaud, Switzerland) was a French photographer and inventor, best known for inventing the Bélinographe.
A barcode (also bar code) is an optical, machine-readable, representation of data; the data usually describes something about the object that carries the barcode.
A bar code reader (or bar code scanner) is an electronic device that can read and output printed barcodes to a computer.
Bates numbering (also known as Bates stamping, Bates branding, Bates coding or Bates labeling) is used in the legal, medical, and business fields to place identifying numbers and/or date/time-marks on images and documents as they are scanned or processed, for example, during the discovery stage of preparations for trial or identifying business receipts.
In computing, a bitmap is a mapping from some domain (for example, a range of integers) to bits.
Book scanning (or magazine scanning) is the process of converting physical books and magazines into digital media such as images, electronic text, or electronic books (e-books) by using an image scanner.
A camera is an optical instrument for recording or capturing images, which may be stored locally, transmitted to another location, or both.
is a Japanese multinational corporation specializing in the manufacture of imaging and optical products, including cameras, camcorders, photocopiers, steppers, computer printers and medical equipment. It's headquartered in Ōta, Tokyo, Japan."." Canon. Retrieved on 13 January 2009. Canon has a primary listing on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the TOPIX index. It has a secondary listing on the New York Stock Exchange.
A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.
Cintel was a British digital cinema company founded in 1927 by John Logie Baird and based in Ware, Hertfordshire.
A cold cathode is a cathode that is not electrically heated by a filament.
Color depth or colour depth (see spelling differences), also known as bit depth, is either the number of bits used to indicate the color of a single pixel, in a bitmapped image or video frame buffer, or the number of bits used for each color component of a single pixel.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
Contact image sensors (CIS) are image sensors used in flatbed scanners almost in direct contact with the object to be scanned.
A CT scan, also known as computed tomography scan, makes use of computer-processed combinations of many X-ray measurements taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional (tomographic) images (virtual "slices") of specific areas of a scanned object, allowing the user to see inside the object without cutting.
A data entry clerk is a member of staff employed to enter or update data into a computer system.
A densitometer is a device that measures the degree of darkness (the optical density) of a photographic or semitransparent material or of a reflecting surface.
Densitometry is the quantitative measurement of optical density in light-sensitive materials, such as photographic paper or photographic film, due to exposure to light.
In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory.
A digital camera back is a device that attaches to the back of a camera in place of the traditional negative film holder and contains an electronic image sensor.
Digital ICE or Digital Image Correction and Enhancement is a set of technologies related to producing an altered image in a variety of frequency spectra.
A digital image is a numeric representation, normally binary, of a two-dimensional image.
Digital zoom is a method of decreasing the apparent angle of view of a digital photographic or video image.
The display resolution or display modes of a digital television, computer monitor or display device is the number of distinct pixels in each dimension that can be displayed.
A DNA microarray (also commonly known as DNA chip or biochip) is a collection of microscopic DNA spots attached to a solid surface.
Document imaging is an information technology category for systems capable of replicating documents commonly used in business.
A document management system (DMS) is a system (based on computer programs in the case of the management of digital documents) used to track, manage and store documents and reduce paper.
Dots per inch (DPI, or dpi) is a measure of spatial printing or video or image scanner dot density, in particular the number of individual dots that can be placed in a line within the span of 1 inch (2.54 cm).
Dropbox is a file hosting service operated by American company Dropbox, Inc., headquartered in San Francisco, California, that offers cloud storage, file synchronization, personal cloud, and client software.
Evernote is a mobile app designed for note taking, organizing, tasks lists, and archiving.
Fax (short for facsimile), sometimes called telecopying or telefax (the latter short for telefacsimile), is the telephonic transmission of scanned printed material (both text and images), normally to a telephone number connected to a printer or other output device.
A film scanner is a device made for scanning photographic film directly into a computer without the use of any intermediate printmaking.
In electronic systems and computing, firmware is a specific class of computer software that provides the low-level control for the device's specific hardware.
Free software or libre software is computer software distributed under terms that allow users to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, change, and distribute it and any adapted versions.
Gamma correction, or often simply gamma, is a nonlinear operation used to encode and decode luminance or tristimulus values in video or still image systems.
GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a free and open-source raster graphics editor used for image retouching and editing, free-form drawing, converting between different image formats, and more specialized tasks.
Father Giovanni Caselli (8 June 1815 – 25 April 1891) was an Italian physicist, inventor and priest.
A halogen lamp, also known as a tungsten halogen, quartz-halogen or quartz iodine lamp, is an incandescent lamp consisting of a tungsten filament sealed into a compact transparent envelope that is filled with a mixture of an inert gas and a small amount of a halogen such as iodine or bromine.
Handwriting is the writing done with a writing instrument, such as a pen or pencil, in the hand.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
IEEE 1394 is an interface standard for a serial bus for high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer.
IEEE 488 is a short-range digital communications 8-bit parallel multi-master interface bus specification.
Image and Scanner Interface Specification (ISIS) is an industry standard interface for image scanning technologies, developed by Pixel Translations in 1990 (which became EMC Corporation's Captiva Software and later acquired by OpenText).
Image resolution is the detail an image holds.
An image scanner—often abbreviated to just scanner, although the term is ambiguous out of context (barcode scanner, CT scanner etc.)—is a device that optically scans images, printed text, handwriting or an object and converts it to a digital image.
Image stabilization (IS) is a family of techniques that reduce blurring associated with the motion of a camera or other imaging device during exposure.
Infrared cleaning is a technique used by some film scanners and flatbed scanners to reduce or remove the effect of dust and scratches upon the finished scan.
In computing, input/output or I/O (or, informally, io or IO) is the communication between an information processing system, such as a computer, and the outside world, possibly a human or another information processing system.
In the mathematical field of numerical analysis, interpolation is a method of constructing new data points within the range of a discrete set of known data points.
ISO 216 specifies international standard (ISO) paper sizes used in most countries in the world today, although not in Canada, the United States, Mexico, or the Dominican Republic.
JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.
The kilobyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
is a Japanese multinational technology company headquartered in Marunouchi, Chiyoda, Tokyo, with offices in 49 countries worldwide.
Large format refers to any imaging format of 4×5 inches (102×127 mm) or larger.
LaserSoft Imaging AG is a software developer designing software such as SilverFast for scanners and digital cameras.
In computer science, a library is a collection of non-volatile resources used by computer programs, often for software development.
A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Microtek International Inc. is a Taiwan-based multinational manufacturer of digital imaging products and other consumer electronics.
was a Japanese manufacturer of cameras, camera accessories, photocopiers, fax machines, and laser printers.
Monochrome describes paintings, drawings, design, or photographs in one color or values of one color.
Newton's rings is a phenomenon in which an interference pattern is created by the reflection of light between two surfaces—a spherical surface and an adjacent touching flat surface.
(or), also known just as Nikon, is a Japanese multinational corporation headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, specializing in optics and imaging products.
NuBus (pron. 'New Bus') is a 32-bit parallel computer bus, originally developed at MIT and standardized in 1987 as a part of the NuMachine workstation project.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
Optical character recognition (also optical character reader, OCR) is the mechanical or electronic conversion of images of typed, handwritten or printed text into machine-encoded text, whether from a scanned document, a photo of a document, a scene-photo (for example the text on signs and billboards in a landscape photo) or from subtitle text superimposed on an image (for example from a television broadcast).
Optical resolution describes the ability of an imaging system to resolve detail in the object that is being imaged.
Orthotics (Greek: Ορθός, ortho, "to straighten" or "align") is a specialty within the medical field concerned with the design, manufacture and application of orthoses.
OS/2 is a series of computer operating systems, initially created by Microsoft and IBM under the leadership of IBM software designer Ed Iacobucci.
A parallel port is a type of interface found on computers (personal and otherwise) for connecting peripherals.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
Photosensors or photodetectors are sensors of light or other electromagnetic energy.
A photodiode is a semiconductor device that converts light into an electrical current.
Photographic film is a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on one side with a gelatin emulsion containing microscopically small light-sensitive silver halide crystals.
Photomultiplier tubes (photomultipliers or PMTs for short), members of the class of vacuum tubes, and more specifically vacuum phototubes, are extremely sensitive detectors of light in the ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Pixels per inch (PPI) or pixels per centimeter (PPCM) are measurements of the pixel density (resolution) of an electronic image device, such as a computer monitor or television display, or image digitizing device such as a camera or image scanner.
A planetary scanner (also called an orbital scanner) is a type of image scanner for making scans of rare books and other easily damaged documents.
A platen (or platten) is a flat platform with a variety of roles in printing or manufacturing.
Plustek Inc. is a computer hardware company established in 1986 that manufactures image scanners, as well as surveillance solutions in recent years.
Portable Network Graphics (PNG, pronounced or) is a raster graphics file format that supports lossless data compression.
Proprietary hardware is computer hardware whose interface is controlled by the proprietor, often under patent or trade-secret protection.
QR code (abbreviated from Quick Response Code) is the trademark for a type of matrix barcode (or two-dimensional barcode) first designed in 1994 for the automotive industry in Japan.
In mathematics and empirical science, quantification (or quantitation) is the act of counting and measuring that maps human sense observations and experiences into quantities.
Quenching refers to any process which decreases the fluorescence intensity of a given substance.
In computer graphics, a raster graphics or bitmap image is a dot matrix data structure that represents a generally rectangular grid of pixels (points of color), viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium.
The RGB color model is an additive color model in which red, green and blue light are added together in various ways to reproduce a broad array of colors.
Robotics is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering and science that includes mechanical engineering, electronics engineering, computer science, and others.
Samples per inch (SPI) is a measurement of the resolution of an image scanner, in particular the number of individual samples that are taken in the space of one linear inch.
Scanner Access Now Easy (SANE) is an application programming interface (API) that provides standardized access to any raster image scanner hardware (flatbed scanner, handheld scanner, video- and still-cameras, frame grabbers, etc.). The SANE API is public domain and its discussion and development is open to everybody.
Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) is a set of standards for physically connecting and transferring data between computers and peripheral devices.
The second is the SI base unit of time, commonly understood and historically defined as 1/86,400 of a day – this factor derived from the division of the day first into 24 hours, then to 60 minutes and finally to 60 seconds each.
(Epson being an abbreviation for "Son of Electronic Printer"), or simply Epson, is a Japanese electronics company and one of the world's largest manufacturers of computer printers, and information and imaging related equipment.
Silica gel is an amorphous and porous form of silicon dioxide (silica), consisting of an irregular tridimensional framework of alternating silicon and oxygen atoms with nanometer-scale voids and pores.
Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.
A stepper motor or step motor or stepping motor is a brushless DC electric motor that divides a full rotation into a number of equal steps.
Telecine is the process of transferring motion picture film into video and is performed in a color suite.
Thin-layer chromatography (TLC) is a chromatography technique used to separate non-volatile mixtures.
Three-dimensional space (also: 3-space or, rarely, tri-dimensional space) is a geometric setting in which three values (called parameters) are required to determine the position of an element (i.e., point).
Tagged Image File Format, abbreviated TIFF or TIF, is a computer file format for storing raster graphics images, popular among graphic artists, the publishing industry, and photographers.
Total cost of ownership (TCO) is a financial estimate intended to help buyers and owners determine the direct and indirect costs of a product or system.
TWAIN is an applications programming interface (API) and communications protocol that regulates communication between software and digital imaging devices, such as image scanners and digital cameras.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
Windows Image Acquisition (WIA; sometimes also called Windows Imaging Architecture) is a proprietary Microsoft driver model and application programming interface (API) for Microsoft Windows Me and later Windows operating systems that enables graphics software to communicate with imaging hardware such as scanners, digital cameras and Digital Video-equipment.
Wirephoto, telephotography or radiophoto is the sending of pictures by telegraph, telephone or radio.
A workflow consists of an orchestrated and repeatable pattern of business activity enabled by the systematic organization of resources into processes that transform materials, provide services, or process information.
Xenon is a chemical element with symbol Xe and atomic number 54.
A 3D scanner is a device that analyses a real-world object or environment to collect data on its shape and possibly its appearance (e.g. colour).
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