118 relations: Acetal, Acetic acid, Alcohol, Aldehyde, Aldimine, Alkali, Alkaloid, Alkane, Allergy, Aluminium oxide, Amidine, Amino acid, Ammonia, Amphoterism, Anthony Joseph Arduengo III, Anthrenocerus australis, Antibiotic, Antifungal, Antihypertensive drug, Antiprotozoal, Aromaticity, Arthur Rudolf Hantzsch, Atom, Benzaldehyde, Benzene, Benzil, Benzimidazole, Calcium, Carboximidate, Carboxylic acid, Central nervous system, Chloride, Chromatography, Clotrimazole, Conjugate acid, Copper, Corrosion, Cytochrome P450, Debus-Radziszewski imidazole synthesis, Debye, Diazole, DNA, Double bond, Econazole, Electrical resistivity and conductivity, Electronics, Enzyme, Ethylenediamine, Fire retardant, Fluconazole, ..., Formaldehyde, Formamide, Functional group, Fungicide, Fungus, Glyoxal, Heinrich Debus (chemist), Hemoglobin, Heterocyclic compound, Histamine, Histidine, Hives, Imidazolate, Imidazoline, Infection, Inflammation, Ion, Ionic liquid, Itraconazole, Keratin, Ketoconazole, Leukemia, Liebigs Annalen, Mercaptopurine, Miconazole, Microwave chemistry, Midazolam, Monoclinic crystal system, Nickel, Nitric oxide synthase, Nitrogen, Nitroimidazole, Organic compound, Organotin chemistry, Oxazole, Oxygen, Persistent carbene, Pharmacophore, Photodissociation, Photography, Pi bond, Platinum, Polybenzimidazole fiber, Polyhistidine-tag, Potassium, Protein, Protonation, Purine, Pyrazole, Pyridine, Pyrimidine, Pyrrole, Resonance (chemistry), Side chain, Sulconazole, Sulfur, Tautomer, Tetrazole, Theophylline, Thiazole, Tineola bisselliella, TosMIC, Transition metal, Triazole, Van Leusen reaction, Voriconazole, 1-Methylimidazole, 4-Methylimidazole. Expand index (68 more) » « Shrink index
An acetal is a functional group with the following connectivity R2C(OR')2, where both R' groups are organic fragments.
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.
In organic chemistry, an aldimine is an imine that is an analog of an aldehyde.
In chemistry, an alkali (from Arabic: al-qaly “ashes of the saltwort”) is a basic, ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal chemical element.
Alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms.
In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.
Allergies, also known as allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to typically harmless substances in the environment.
Aluminium oxide (British English) or aluminum oxide (American English) is a chemical compound of aluminium and oxygen with the chemical formula 23.
Amidines are a class of oxoacid derivatives.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
In chemistry, an amphoteric compound is a molecule or ion that can react both as an acid as well as a base.
Anthony Joseph Arduengo III is the Saxon Professor Emeritus of Chemistry at the University of Alabama, an adjunct professor at the Institute for Inorganic Chemistry of Braunschweig University of Technology in Germany, and co-founder of the StanCE coalition for sustainable chemistry based on woody biomass.
Anthrenocerus australis is a species of beetle in the family Dermestidae, the skin beetles.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
An antifungal medication, also known as an antimycotic medication, is a pharmaceutical fungicide or fungistatic used to treat and prevent mycosis such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis (thrush), serious systemic infections such as cryptococcal meningitis, and others.
Antihypertensives are a class of drugs that are used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure).
Antiprotozoal agents (ATC code: ATC P01) is a class of pharmaceuticals used in treatment of protozoan infection.
In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.
Arthur Rudolf Hantzsch (7 March 1857 – 14 March 1935) was a German chemist.
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element.
Benzaldehyde (C6H5CHO) is an organic compound consisting of a benzene ring with a formyl substituent.
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
Benzil (systematically known as 1,2-diphenylethane-1,2-dione) is the organic compound with the formula (C6H5CO)2, generally abbreviated (PhCO)2.
Benzimidazole is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound.
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
Carboximidates (or more general imidates) are organic compounds, which can be thought of as esters formed between a carboximidic acid (R-C(.
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.
The chloride ion is the anion (negatively charged ion) Cl−.
Chromatography is a laboratory technique for the separation of a mixture.
Clotrimazole, sold under the brand name Canesten among others, is an antifungal medication.
A conjugate acid, within the Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory, is a species formed by the reception of a proton (H+) by a base—in other words, it is a base with a hydrogen ion added to it.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
Corrosion is a natural process, which converts a refined metal to a more chemically-stable form, such as its oxide, hydroxide, or sulfide.
Cytochromes P450 (CYPs) are proteins of the superfamily containing heme as a cofactor and, therefore, are hemoproteins.
The Debus-Radziszewski imidazole synthesis is an organic reaction used for the synthesis of imidazoles from a dicarbonyl, an aldehyde, and ammonia.
The debye (symbol: D) is a CGS unit (a non-SI metric unit) of electric dipole momentElectric dipole moment is defined as charge times displacement: |- |height.
Diazole refers to either one of a pair of isomeric chemical compounds with molecular formula C3H4N2, having a five-membered ring consisting of three carbon atoms and two nitrogen atoms.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
A double bond in chemistry is a chemical bond between two chemical elements involving four bonding electrons instead of the usual two.
Econazole (commonly used as the nitrate salt) is an antifungal medication of the imidazole class.
Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is a fundamental property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current.
Electronics is the discipline dealing with the development and application of devices and systems involving the flow of electrons in a vacuum, in gaseous media, and in semiconductors.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Ethylenediamine (abbreviated as en when a ligand) is the organic compound with the formula C2H4(NH2)2.
A fire retardant is a substance that is used to slow or stop the spread of fire or reduce its intensity.
Fluconazole is an antifungal medication used for a number of fungal infections.
Formamide, also known as methanamide, is an amide derived from formic acid.
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.
Fungicides are biocidal chemical compounds or biological organisms used to kill parasitic fungi or their spores.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
Glyoxal is an organic compound with the chemical formula OCHCHO.
Heinrich Debus (13 July 1824 – 9 December 1915) was a German chemist.
Hemoglobin (American) or haemoglobin (British); abbreviated Hb or Hgb, is the iron-containing oxygen-transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells of all vertebrates (with the exception of the fish family Channichthyidae) as well as the tissues of some invertebrates.
A heterocyclic compound or ring structure is a cyclic compound that has atoms of at least two different elements as members of its ring(s).
Histamine is an organic nitrogenous compound involved in local immune responses, as well as regulating physiological function in the gut and acting as a neurotransmitter for the brain, spinal cord, and uterus.
Histidine (symbol His or H) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Hives, also known as urticaria, is a kind of skin rash with red, raised, itchy bumps.
Imidazolate (C3H3N) is the conjugate base of imidazole.
Imidazoline is a class of heterocycles formally derived from imidazoles by the reduction of one of the two double bonds.
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.
Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
An ionic liquid (IL) is a salt in the liquid state.
Itraconazole is an antifungal medication used to treat a number of fungal infections.
Keratin is one of a family of fibrous structural proteins.
Ketoconazole is a synthetic imidazole antifungal drug used primarily to treat fungal infections.
Leukemia, also spelled leukaemia, is a group of cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result in high numbers of abnormal white blood cells.
Justus Liebigs Annalen der Chemie (often cited as just Liebigs Annalen) was one of the oldest and historically most important journals in the field of organic chemistry worldwide.
Mercaptopurine (6-MP), sold under the brand name Purinethol among others, is a medication used for cancer and autoimmune diseases.
Miconazole, sold under the brand name Monistat among others, is an antifungal medication used to treat ring worm, pityriasis versicolor, and yeast infections of the skin or vagina.
Microwave chemistry is the science of applying microwave radiation to chemical reactions.
Midazolam, marketed under the trade name Versed, among others, is a medication used for anesthesia, procedural sedation, trouble sleeping, and severe agitation.
In crystallography, the monoclinic crystal system is one of the 7 crystal systems.
Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.
Nitric oxide synthases (NOSs) are a family of enzymes catalyzing the production of nitric oxide (NO) from L-arginine.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
5-Nitroimidazole is an organic compound with the formula O2NC3H2N2H.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Organotin compounds or stannanes are chemical compounds based on tin with hydrocarbon substituents.
Oxazole is the parent compound for a vast class of heterocyclic aromatic organic compounds.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
A persistent carbene (also known as stable carbene) is a type of carbene demonstrating particular stability.
An example of a pharmacophore model. A pharmacophore is an abstract description of molecular features that are necessary for molecular recognition of a ligand by a biological macromolecule.
Photodissociation, photolysis, or photodecomposition is a chemical reaction in which a chemical compound is broken down by photons.
Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.
In chemistry, pi bonds (π bonds) are covalent chemical bonds where two lobes of an orbital on one atom overlap two lobes of an orbital on another atom.
Platinum is a chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78.
Polybenzimidazole (PBI, short for poly) fiber is a synthetic fiber with a very high melting point.
A polyhistidine-tag is an amino acid motif in proteins that consists of at least six histidine (His) residues, often at the N- or C-terminus of the protein.
Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
In chemistry, protonation is the addition of a proton (H+) to an atom, molecule, or ion, forming the conjugate acid.
A purine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound that consists of a pyrimidine ring fused to an imidazole ring.
Pyrazole is an organic compound with the formula C3H3N2H.
Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C5H5N.
Pyrimidine is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound similar to pyridine.
Pyrrole is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound, a five-membered ring with the formula C4H4NH.
In chemistry, resonance or mesomerism is a way of describing delocalized electrons within certain molecules or polyatomic ions where the bonding cannot be expressed by one single Lewis structure.
In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a side chain is a chemical group that is attached to a core part of the molecule called "main chain" or backbone.
Sulconazole (trade name Exelderm) is an antifungal medication of the imidazole class.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
Tautomers are constitutional isomers of organic compounds that readily interconvert.
Tetrazoles are a class of synthetic organic heterocyclic compound, consisting of a 5-member ring of four nitrogen atoms and one carbon atom.
Theophylline, also known as 1,3-dimethylxanthine, is a methylxanthine drug used in therapy for respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma under a variety of brand names.
Thiazole, or 1,3-thiazole, is a heterocyclic compound that contains both sulfur and nitrogen; the term 'thiazole' also refers to a large family of derivatives.
Tineola bisselliella, known as the common clothes moth, webbing clothes moth, or simply clothing moth, is a species of fungus moth (family Tineidae, subfamily Tineinae).
Toluenesulfonylmethyl isocyanide or TOSMIC is an organic compound with the formula CH3C6H4SO2CH2NC.
In chemistry, the term transition metal (or transition element) has three possible meanings.
A triazole refers to any of the heterocyclic compounds with molecular formula C2H3N3, having a five-membered ring of two carbon atoms and three nitrogen atoms.
The Van Leusen reaction is the reaction of a ketone with TosMIC leading to the formation of a nitrile.
Voriconazole, sold under the brand name Vfend among others, is an antifungal medication used to treat a number of fungal infections.
1-Methylimidazole or N-methylimidazole is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound with the formula CH3C3H3N2.
4-Methylimidazole (4-MeI or 4-MEI) is a heterocyclic organic chemical compound with molecular formula – or.