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Imidazole

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Imidazole is an organic compound with the formula C3N2H4. [1]

118 relations: Acetal, Acetic acid, Alcohol, Aldehyde, Aldimine, Alkali, Alkaloid, Alkane, Allergy, Aluminium oxide, Amidine, Amino acid, Ammonia, Amphoterism, Anthony Joseph Arduengo III, Anthrenocerus australis, Antibiotic, Antifungal, Antihypertensive drug, Antiprotozoal, Aromaticity, Arthur Rudolf Hantzsch, Atom, Benzaldehyde, Benzene, Benzil, Benzimidazole, Calcium, Carboximidate, Carboxylic acid, Central nervous system, Chloride, Chromatography, Clotrimazole, Conjugate acid, Copper, Corrosion, Cytochrome P450, Debus-Radziszewski imidazole synthesis, Debye, Diazole, DNA, Double bond, Econazole, Electrical resistivity and conductivity, Electronics, Enzyme, Ethylenediamine, Fire retardant, Fluconazole, ..., Formaldehyde, Formamide, Functional group, Fungicide, Fungus, Glyoxal, Heinrich Debus (chemist), Hemoglobin, Heterocyclic compound, Histamine, Histidine, Hives, Imidazolate, Imidazoline, Infection, Inflammation, Ion, Ionic liquid, Itraconazole, Keratin, Ketoconazole, Leukemia, Liebigs Annalen, Mercaptopurine, Miconazole, Microwave chemistry, Midazolam, Monoclinic crystal system, Nickel, Nitric oxide synthase, Nitrogen, Nitroimidazole, Organic compound, Organotin chemistry, Oxazole, Oxygen, Persistent carbene, Pharmacophore, Photodissociation, Photography, Pi bond, Platinum, Polybenzimidazole fiber, Polyhistidine-tag, Potassium, Protein, Protonation, Purine, Pyrazole, Pyridine, Pyrimidine, Pyrrole, Resonance (chemistry), Side chain, Sulconazole, Sulfur, Tautomer, Tetrazole, Theophylline, Thiazole, Tineola bisselliella, TosMIC, Transition metal, Triazole, Van Leusen reaction, Voriconazole, 1-Methylimidazole, 4-Methylimidazole. Expand index (68 more) »

Acetal

An acetal is a functional group with the following connectivity R2C(OR')2, where both R' groups are organic fragments.

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Acetic acid

Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).

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Alcohol

In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.

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Aldehyde

An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.

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Aldimine

In organic chemistry, an aldimine is an imine that is an analog of an aldehyde.

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Alkali

In chemistry, an alkali (from Arabic: al-qaly “ashes of the saltwort”) is a basic, ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal chemical element.

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Alkaloid

Alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms.

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Alkane

In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.

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Allergy

Allergies, also known as allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to typically harmless substances in the environment.

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Aluminium oxide

Aluminium oxide (British English) or aluminum oxide (American English) is a chemical compound of aluminium and oxygen with the chemical formula 23.

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Amidine

Amidines are a class of oxoacid derivatives.

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Amino acid

Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.

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Ammonia

Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.

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Amphoterism

In chemistry, an amphoteric compound is a molecule or ion that can react both as an acid as well as a base.

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Anthony Joseph Arduengo III

Anthony Joseph Arduengo III is the Saxon Professor Emeritus of Chemistry at the University of Alabama, an adjunct professor at the Institute for Inorganic Chemistry of Braunschweig University of Technology in Germany, and co-founder of the StanCE coalition for sustainable chemistry based on woody biomass.

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Anthrenocerus australis

Anthrenocerus australis is a species of beetle in the family Dermestidae, the skin beetles.

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Antibiotic

An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.

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Antifungal

An antifungal medication, also known as an antimycotic medication, is a pharmaceutical fungicide or fungistatic used to treat and prevent mycosis such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis (thrush), serious systemic infections such as cryptococcal meningitis, and others.

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Antihypertensive drug

Antihypertensives are a class of drugs that are used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure).

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Antiprotozoal

Antiprotozoal agents (ATC code: ATC P01) is a class of pharmaceuticals used in treatment of protozoan infection.

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Aromaticity

In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.

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Arthur Rudolf Hantzsch

Arthur Rudolf Hantzsch (7 March 1857 – 14 March 1935) was a German chemist.

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Atom

An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element.

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Benzaldehyde

Benzaldehyde (C6H5CHO) is an organic compound consisting of a benzene ring with a formyl substituent.

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Benzene

Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.

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Benzil

Benzil (systematically known as 1,2-diphenylethane-1,2-dione) is the organic compound with the formula (C6H5CO)2, generally abbreviated (PhCO)2.

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Benzimidazole

Benzimidazole is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound.

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Calcium

Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.

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Carboximidate

Carboximidates (or more general imidates) are organic compounds, which can be thought of as esters formed between a carboximidic acid (R-C(.

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Carboxylic acid

A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.

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Central nervous system

The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.

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Chloride

The chloride ion is the anion (negatively charged ion) Cl−.

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Chromatography

Chromatography is a laboratory technique for the separation of a mixture.

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Clotrimazole

Clotrimazole, sold under the brand name Canesten among others, is an antifungal medication.

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Conjugate acid

A conjugate acid, within the Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory, is a species formed by the reception of a proton (H+) by a base—in other words, it is a base with a hydrogen ion added to it.

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Copper

Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.

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Corrosion

Corrosion is a natural process, which converts a refined metal to a more chemically-stable form, such as its oxide, hydroxide, or sulfide.

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Cytochrome P450

Cytochromes P450 (CYPs) are proteins of the superfamily containing heme as a cofactor and, therefore, are hemoproteins.

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Debus-Radziszewski imidazole synthesis

The Debus-Radziszewski imidazole synthesis is an organic reaction used for the synthesis of imidazoles from a dicarbonyl, an aldehyde, and ammonia.

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Debye

The debye (symbol: D) is a CGS unit (a non-SI metric unit) of electric dipole momentElectric dipole moment is defined as charge times displacement: |- |height.

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Diazole

Diazole refers to either one of a pair of isomeric chemical compounds with molecular formula C3H4N2, having a five-membered ring consisting of three carbon atoms and two nitrogen atoms.

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DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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Double bond

A double bond in chemistry is a chemical bond between two chemical elements involving four bonding electrons instead of the usual two.

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Econazole

Econazole (commonly used as the nitrate salt) is an antifungal medication of the imidazole class.

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Electrical resistivity and conductivity

Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is a fundamental property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current.

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Electronics

Electronics is the discipline dealing with the development and application of devices and systems involving the flow of electrons in a vacuum, in gaseous media, and in semiconductors.

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Enzyme

Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

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Ethylenediamine

Ethylenediamine (abbreviated as en when a ligand) is the organic compound with the formula C2H4(NH2)2.

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Fire retardant

A fire retardant is a substance that is used to slow or stop the spread of fire or reduce its intensity.

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Fluconazole

Fluconazole is an antifungal medication used for a number of fungal infections.

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Formaldehyde

No description.

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Formamide

Formamide, also known as methanamide, is an amide derived from formic acid.

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Functional group

In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.

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Fungicide

Fungicides are biocidal chemical compounds or biological organisms used to kill parasitic fungi or their spores.

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Fungus

A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.

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Glyoxal

Glyoxal is an organic compound with the chemical formula OCHCHO.

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Heinrich Debus (chemist)

Heinrich Debus (13 July 1824 – 9 December 1915) was a German chemist.

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Hemoglobin

Hemoglobin (American) or haemoglobin (British); abbreviated Hb or Hgb, is the iron-containing oxygen-transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells of all vertebrates (with the exception of the fish family Channichthyidae) as well as the tissues of some invertebrates.

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Heterocyclic compound

A heterocyclic compound or ring structure is a cyclic compound that has atoms of at least two different elements as members of its ring(s).

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Histamine

Histamine is an organic nitrogenous compound involved in local immune responses, as well as regulating physiological function in the gut and acting as a neurotransmitter for the brain, spinal cord, and uterus.

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Histidine

Histidine (symbol His or H) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

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Hives

Hives, also known as urticaria, is a kind of skin rash with red, raised, itchy bumps.

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Imidazolate

Imidazolate (C3H3N) is the conjugate base of imidazole.

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Imidazoline

Imidazoline is a class of heterocycles formally derived from imidazoles by the reduction of one of the two double bonds.

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Infection

Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.

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Inflammation

Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.

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Ion

An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).

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Ionic liquid

An ionic liquid (IL) is a salt in the liquid state.

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Itraconazole

Itraconazole is an antifungal medication used to treat a number of fungal infections.

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Keratin

Keratin is one of a family of fibrous structural proteins.

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Ketoconazole

Ketoconazole is a synthetic imidazole antifungal drug used primarily to treat fungal infections.

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Leukemia

Leukemia, also spelled leukaemia, is a group of cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result in high numbers of abnormal white blood cells.

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Liebigs Annalen

Justus Liebigs Annalen der Chemie (often cited as just Liebigs Annalen) was one of the oldest and historically most important journals in the field of organic chemistry worldwide.

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Mercaptopurine

Mercaptopurine (6-MP), sold under the brand name Purinethol among others, is a medication used for cancer and autoimmune diseases.

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Miconazole

Miconazole, sold under the brand name Monistat among others, is an antifungal medication used to treat ring worm, pityriasis versicolor, and yeast infections of the skin or vagina.

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Microwave chemistry

Microwave chemistry is the science of applying microwave radiation to chemical reactions.

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Midazolam

Midazolam, marketed under the trade name Versed, among others, is a medication used for anesthesia, procedural sedation, trouble sleeping, and severe agitation.

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Monoclinic crystal system

In crystallography, the monoclinic crystal system is one of the 7 crystal systems.

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Nickel

Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.

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Nitric oxide synthase

Nitric oxide synthases (NOSs) are a family of enzymes catalyzing the production of nitric oxide (NO) from L-arginine.

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Nitrogen

Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

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Nitroimidazole

5-Nitroimidazole is an organic compound with the formula O2NC3H2N2H.

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Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

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Organotin chemistry

Organotin compounds or stannanes are chemical compounds based on tin with hydrocarbon substituents.

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Oxazole

Oxazole is the parent compound for a vast class of heterocyclic aromatic organic compounds.

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Oxygen

Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

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Persistent carbene

A persistent carbene (also known as stable carbene) is a type of carbene demonstrating particular stability.

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Pharmacophore

An example of a pharmacophore model. A pharmacophore is an abstract description of molecular features that are necessary for molecular recognition of a ligand by a biological macromolecule.

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Photodissociation

Photodissociation, photolysis, or photodecomposition is a chemical reaction in which a chemical compound is broken down by photons.

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Photography

Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.

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Pi bond

In chemistry, pi bonds (π bonds) are covalent chemical bonds where two lobes of an orbital on one atom overlap two lobes of an orbital on another atom.

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Platinum

Platinum is a chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78.

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Polybenzimidazole fiber

Polybenzimidazole (PBI, short for poly) fiber is a synthetic fiber with a very high melting point.

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Polyhistidine-tag

A polyhistidine-tag is an amino acid motif in proteins that consists of at least six histidine (His) residues, often at the N- or C-terminus of the protein.

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Potassium

Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.

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Protein

Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

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Protonation

In chemistry, protonation is the addition of a proton (H+) to an atom, molecule, or ion, forming the conjugate acid.

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Purine

A purine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound that consists of a pyrimidine ring fused to an imidazole ring.

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Pyrazole

Pyrazole is an organic compound with the formula C3H3N2H.

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Pyridine

Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C5H5N.

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Pyrimidine

Pyrimidine is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound similar to pyridine.

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Pyrrole

Pyrrole is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound, a five-membered ring with the formula C4H4NH.

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Resonance (chemistry)

In chemistry, resonance or mesomerism is a way of describing delocalized electrons within certain molecules or polyatomic ions where the bonding cannot be expressed by one single Lewis structure.

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Side chain

In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a side chain is a chemical group that is attached to a core part of the molecule called "main chain" or backbone.

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Sulconazole

Sulconazole (trade name Exelderm) is an antifungal medication of the imidazole class.

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Sulfur

Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.

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Tautomer

Tautomers are constitutional isomers of organic compounds that readily interconvert.

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Tetrazole

Tetrazoles are a class of synthetic organic heterocyclic compound, consisting of a 5-member ring of four nitrogen atoms and one carbon atom.

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Theophylline

Theophylline, also known as 1,3-dimethylxanthine, is a methylxanthine drug used in therapy for respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma under a variety of brand names.

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Thiazole

Thiazole, or 1,3-thiazole, is a heterocyclic compound that contains both sulfur and nitrogen; the term 'thiazole' also refers to a large family of derivatives.

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Tineola bisselliella

Tineola bisselliella, known as the common clothes moth, webbing clothes moth, or simply clothing moth, is a species of fungus moth (family Tineidae, subfamily Tineinae).

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TosMIC

Toluenesulfonylmethyl isocyanide or TOSMIC is an organic compound with the formula CH3C6H4SO2CH2NC.

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Transition metal

In chemistry, the term transition metal (or transition element) has three possible meanings.

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Triazole

A triazole refers to any of the heterocyclic compounds with molecular formula C2H3N3, having a five-membered ring of two carbon atoms and three nitrogen atoms.

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Van Leusen reaction

The Van Leusen reaction is the reaction of a ketone with TosMIC leading to the formation of a nitrile.

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Voriconazole

Voriconazole, sold under the brand name Vfend among others, is an antifungal medication used to treat a number of fungal infections.

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1-Methylimidazole

1-Methylimidazole or N-methylimidazole is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound with the formula CH3C3H3N2.

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4-Methylimidazole

4-Methylimidazole (4-MeI or 4-MEI) is a heterocyclic organic chemical compound with molecular formula – or.

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Redirects here:

1,3-diazacyclopenta-2,4-diene, Glyoxaline, Imidazol, Imidazole ring, Imidazoles, Imidazolium, Imidazolium chloride, Imidazolium salt, Imidazolyl.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imidazole

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