165 relations: American Political Science Review, Anarchism, Arab states of the Persian Gulf, Arrest, Australia, Bird migration, Border, Bracero program, Branko Milanović, British Journal of Political Science, Bullying, Canada, Catalan nationalism, Cato Institute, Citizenship, Civil and political rights, Commuting, Congressional Budget Office, Country, Criminal justice, Criticism of multiculturalism, David Card, Dictatorship, Diplomatic service, Dowell Myers, Economic inequality, Emigration, Emigration from Mexico, Employment, Environmental migrant, Equal opportunity, Ethnic cleansing, Ethnic nepotism, Eurostat, Exile, Expatriate, Externality, Family reunification, First World privilege, Foreign born, Foreign worker, France, Freedom of movement, Gallup (company), Gender inequality, Genocide, Germany, Giovanni Peri, Global justice, Gross domestic product, ..., Harvard University Press, Health professional, History of human migration, Housing discrimination (United States), Human capital flight, Human migration, Human overpopulation, Illegal immigration, Immigration and crime, Immigration law, Immigration reform, Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, Immigration to Australia, Immigration to Europe, Immigration to Germany, Immigration to Russia, Immigration to the United States, In situ, Indira Gandhi International Airport, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Ingroups and outgroups, International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Interpersonal relationship, Islam, Islam in Europe, Jacob M. Appel, József Böröcz, Journal of Comparative Economics, Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Public Economics, Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy, Libertarianism, List of countries and dependencies by population density, List of countries by net migration rate, Lobbying, Michael Clemens, Migrant worker, Miguel A. De La Torre, Missionary, Modern immigration to the United Kingdom, Multiculturalism, Multinational corporation, Nathan Nunn, National security, Natural disaster, Naturalization, Non-governmental organization, Non-resident Indian and person of Indian origin, Offshoring, Open border, Opportunity cost, Opposition to immigration, Oppression, Passport stamp, Patriotism, People smuggling, Permanent residency, Persecution, Philippe Legrain, Political demography, Poverty, Poverty reduction, Pre-modern human migration, Prosperity, Public Choice (journal), Quality of life, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Racial profiling, Racial steering, Racism, Recent African origin of modern humans, Reciprocal altruism, Redlining, Refugee, Remittance, Repatriation, Replacement migration, Resource, Retirement, Right of foreigners to vote, Russian diaspora, Saudi Arabia, Science Advances, Seasonal industry, Social capital, Sociology, Spain, Special Interest Group, Springer Science+Business Media, Standard of living, State (polity), Stockholm University, Terrorism, The Journal of Law and Economics, Tourism, Transnational marriage, Underemployment, United Kingdom, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United States, United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, University of California, Davis, University of Illinois at Chicago, Wage, War, War crime, Welfare, White Australia policy, White genocide conspiracy theory, Women migrant workers from developing countries, World Bank, 2005 French riots, 2010 Haiti earthquake. Expand index (115 more) » « Shrink index
The American Political Science Review is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering all areas of political science.
Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary institutions.
The Arab states of the Persian Gulf are the seven Arab states which border the Persian Gulf, namely Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
An arrest is the act of apprehending a person and taking them into custody, usually because they have been suspected of committing or planning a crime.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Bird migration is the regular seasonal movement, often north and south along a flyway, between breeding and wintering grounds.
Borders are geographic boundaries of political entities or legal jurisdictions, such as governments, sovereign states, federated states, and other subnational entities.
The Bracero Program (from the Spanish term bracero, meaning "manual laborer" or "one who works using his arms") was a series of laws and diplomatic agreements, initiated on August 4, 1942, when the United States signed the Mexican Farm Labor Agreement with Mexico.
Branko Milanović (Бранко Милановић; born October 24, 1953) is a Serbian-American economist.
British Journal of Political Science is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering all aspects of political science.
Bullying is the use of force, threat, or coercion to abuse, intimidate or aggressively dominate others.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Catalan nationalism is the ideology asserting that the Catalans are a nation.
The Cato Institute is an American libertarian think tank headquartered in Washington, D.C. It was founded as the Charles Koch Foundation in 1974 by Ed Crane, Murray Rothbard, and Charles Koch, chairman of the board and chief executive officer of the conglomerate Koch Industries.
Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state or belonging to a nation.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
Commuting is periodically recurring travel between one's place of residence and place of work, or study, and in doing so exceed the boundary of their residential community.
The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) is a federal agency within the legislative branch of the United States government that provides budget and economic information to Congress.
A country is a region that is identified as a distinct national entity in political geography.
Criminal justice is the delivery of justice to those who have committed crimes.
Criticism of multiculturalism questions the ideal of the maintenance of distinct ethnic cultures within a country.
David Edward Card (born 1956) is a Canadian labour economist and Professor of Economics at the University of California, Berkeley.
A dictatorship is an authoritarian form of government, characterized by a single leader or group of leaders with either no party or a weak party, little mass mobilization, and limited political pluralism.
Diplomatic service is the body of diplomats and foreign policy officers maintained by the government of a country to communicate with the governments of other countries.
Dowell Myers is a professor of urban planning and demography in the School of Policy, Planning, and Development, at the University of Southern California (USC).
Economic inequality is the difference found in various measures of economic well-being among individuals in a group, among groups in a population, or among countries.
Emigration is the act of leaving a resident country or place of residence with the intent to settle elsewhere.
Emigration from Mexico is a migratory phenomenon that has been taking place in Mexico since the early 20th century.
Employment is a relationship between two parties, usually based on a contract where work is paid for, where one party, which may be a corporation, for profit, not-for-profit organization, co-operative or other entity is the employer and the other is the employee.
Climate refugees or environmental migrants are people who are forced to leave their home region due to sudden or long-term changes to their local environment.
Equal opportunity arises from the similar treatment of all people, unhampered by artificial barriers or prejudices or preferences, except when particular distinctions can be explicitly justified.
Ethnic cleansing is the systematic forced removal of ethnic or racial groups from a given territory by a more powerful ethnic group, often with the intent of making it ethnically homogeneous.
In sociology, the term ethnic nepotism describes a human tendency for in-group bias or in-group favouritism applied by nepotism for people with the same ethnicity within a multi-ethnic society.
Eurostat is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg.
To be in exile means to be away from one's home (i.e. city, state, or country), while either being explicitly refused permission to return or being threatened with imprisonment or death upon return.
An expatriate (often shortened to expat) is a person temporarily or permanently residing in a country other than their native country.
In economics, an externality is the cost or benefit that affects a party who did not choose to incur that cost or benefit.
Family reunification is a recognized reason for immigration in many countries because of the presence of one or more family members in a certain country, therefore, enables the rest of the divided family or only specific members of the family to immigrate to that country as well.
First World privilege, similar to white privilege and male privilege, is any unearned advantages accrued by an individual by virtue of being a national of a First World country.
Foreign-born (also non-native) people are those born outside of their country of residence.
A foreign worker or guest worker is a human who works in a country other than the one of which he or she is a citizen.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Freedom of movement, mobility rights, or the right to travel is a human rights concept encompassing the right of individuals to travel from place to place within the territory of a country,Jérémiee Gilbert, Nomadic Peoples and Human Rights (2014), p. 73: "Freedom of movement within a country encompasses both the right to travel freely within the territory of the State and the right to relocate oneself and to choose one's place of residence".
Gallup, Inc. is an American research-based, global performance-management consulting company.
Gender inequality is the idea and situation that women and men are not equal.
Genocide is intentional action to destroy a people (usually defined as an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group) in whole or in part.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Giovanni Peri (born September 19, 1969 in Perugia, Italy) is an Italian-born American economist who is Professor and Chair of the Department of Economics at the University of California, Davis, where he directs the Temporary Migration Cluster.
Global justice is an issue in political philosophy arising from the concern about unfairness.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.
A health professional, health practitioner or healthcare provider (sometimes simply "provider") is an individual who provides preventive, curative, promotional or rehabilitative health care services in a systematic way to people, families or communities.
Human migration, being the movement by people from one place to another with the intention of settling temporarily or permanently in the new location, typically involves movements over long distances and from one country or region to another.
Housing discrimination is discrimination in which an individual or family is treated unequally when trying to buy, rent, lease, sell or finance a home based on certain characteristics, such as race, class, sex, religion, national origin, and familial status.
Human capital flight refers to the emigration of individuals who have received advanced training at home.
Human migration is the movement by people from one place to another with the intentions of settling, permanently or temporarily in a new location.
Human overpopulation (or population overshoot) occurs when the ecological footprint of a human population in a specific geographical location exceeds the carrying capacity of the place occupied by that group.
Illegal immigration is the illegal entry of a person or a group of persons across a country's border, in a way that violates the immigration laws of the destination country, with the intention to remain in the country, as well as people who remain living in another country when they do not have the legal right to do so.
Immigration and crime refers to perceived or actual relationships between crime and immigration.
Immigration law refers to the national statutes, regulations, and legal precedents governing immigration into and deportation from a country.
Immigration reform is change to the current immigration policy of a country.
The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA),, also known as the Simpson–Mazzoli Act or the Reagan Amnesty, signed into law by Ronald Reagan on November 6, 1986, is an Act of Congress which reformed United States immigration law.
Immigration to Australia began when the ancestors of Australian Aborigines arrived on the continent via the islands of Maritime Southeast Asia and New Guinea.
Immigration to Europe has a long history, but increased substantially in the later 20th century.
Germany is the second most popular migration destination in the world, after the United States.
Immigration to Russia is an entry process of foreign citizens for permanent residence in the territory of the Russian Federation.
Immigration to the United States is the international movement of individuals who are not natives or do not possess citizenship in order to settle, reside, study, or work in the country.
In situ (often not italicized in English) is a Latin phrase that translates literally to "on site" or "in position".
Indira Gandhi International Airport serves as the primary civilian aviation hub for the National Capital Region of Delhi, India.
Industrial and Labor Relations Review (ILR Review) is a publication of the Cornell University School of Industrial and Labor Relations.
In sociology and social psychology, an ingroup is a social group to which a person psychologically identifies as being a member.
International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
The International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families is a United Nations multilateral treaty governing the protection of migrant workers and families.
The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) is a multilateral treaty adopted by the United Nations General Assembly with resolution 2200A (XXI) on 16 December 1966, and in force from 23 March 1976 in accordance with Article 49 of the covenant.
An interpersonal relationship is a strong, deep, or close association or acquaintance between two or more people that may range in duration from brief to enduring.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Islam is the second largest religious belief in Europe after Christianity.
Jacob M. Appel (born February 21, 1973) is an American author, poet, bioethicist, physician, lawyer and social critic.
József Böröcz (born 1956, Budapest, Hungary) is a global historical sociologist, currently Professor of Sociology at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.
The Journal of Comparative Economics is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by Elsevier on behalf of the Association for Comparative Economic Studies.
The Journal of Development Economics is a bimonthly peer-reviewed academic journal published by Elsevier.
The Journal of Public Economics is a monthly peer-reviewed academic journal covering public economics, with particular emphasis on the application of modern economic theory and methods of quantitative analysis.
The Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy (or Muhammad cartoons crisis) (Danish: Muhammedkrisen) began after the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten published 12 editorial cartoons on 30 September 2005, most of which depicted Muhammad, a principal figure of the religion of Islam.
Libertarianism (from libertas, meaning "freedom") is a collection of political philosophies and movements that uphold liberty as a core principle.
This is a list of countries and dependent territories ranked by population density, measured by the number of human inhabitants per square kilometer.
This is a list of countries by net migration rate, the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year, per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population).
Lobbying, persuasion, or interest representation is the act of attempting to influence the actions, policies, or decisions of officials in their daily life, most often legislators or members of regulatory agencies.
Michael Andrew Clemens (born c. 1972) is an American development economist. He is a senior fellow and research manager at the Center for Global Development (CGD), a Washington D.C.-based think tank, where he leads the Migration and Development initiative and serves as CGD's Research Manager. Clemens is also a Research Fellow of, the Institute for the Study of Labor in Bonn, Germany, and an affiliate of the Financial Access Initiative, a research center housed at the Wagner Graduate School of Public Service at New York University.
A "migrant worker" is a person who either migrates within their home country or outside it to pursue work such as seasonal work.
Miguel A. De La Torre (born 6 October 1958) is a professor of Social Ethics and Latinx Studies at Iliff School of Theology, a scholar-activist, author, and an ordained Southern Baptist minister.
A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to proselytize and/or perform ministries of service, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care, and economic development.
Since 1945, immigration to the United Kingdom under British nationality law has been significant, in particular from the Republic of Ireland and from the former British Empire especially India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, the Caribbean, South Africa, Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya and Hong Kong.
Multiculturalism is a term with a range of meanings in the contexts of sociology, political philosophy, and in colloquial use.
A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.
Nathan Nunn (born July 9, 1974) is a Canadian economist and the Frederic E. Abbe Professor of Economics at Harvard University.
National security refers to the security of a nation state, including its citizens, economy, and institutions, and is regarded as a duty of government.
A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples include floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes.
Naturalization (or naturalisation) is the legal act or process by which a non-citizen in a country may acquire citizenship or nationality of that country.
Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.
Offshoring is the relocation of a business process from one country to another—typically an operational process, such as manufacturing, or supporting processes, such as accounting.
An open border is a border that enables free movement of people between different jurisdictions with few or no restrictions on movement, that is to say lacking substantive border control.
In microeconomic theory, the opportunity cost, also known as alternative cost, is the value (not a benefit) of the choice in terms of the best alternative while making a decision.
Opposition to immigration exists in most states with immigration, and has become a significant political issue in many countries.
Oppression can refer to an authoritarian regime controlling its citizens via state control of politics, the monetary system, media, and the military; denying people any meaningful human or civil rights; and terrorizing the populace through harsh, unjust punishment, and a hidden network of obsequious informants reporting to a vicious secret police force.
A passport stamp is a rubber stamp inked impression received in one's passport upon entering or exiting a country.
Patriotism or national pride is the ideology of love and devotion to a homeland, and a sense of alliance with other citizens who share the same values.
People smuggling (also called human smuggling), under US law, is "the facilitation, transportation, attempted transportation or illegal entry of a person or persons across an international border, in violation of one or more countries' laws, either clandestinely or through deception, such as the use of fraudulent documents".
Permanent residency refers to a person's resident status in a country of which they are not a citizen.
Persecution is the systematic mistreatment of an individual or group by another individual or group.
Philippe Legrain is a British political economist and writer.
Political demography is the study of how population change affects politics.
Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.
Poverty reduction, or poverty alleviation, is a set of measures, both economic and humanitarian, that are intended to permanently lift people out of poverty.
Paleolithic migration prior to end of the Last Glacial Maximum spread anatomically modern humans throughout Afro-Eurasia and to the Americas.
Prosperity is the state of flourishing, thriving, good fortune or successful social status.
Public Choice is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering the intersection of economics and political science.
Quality of life (QOL) is the general well-being of individuals and societies, outlining negative and positive features of life.
The Quarterly Journal of Economics is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by the Oxford University Press.
Racial profiling is the act of suspecting or targeting a person of a certain race on the basis of observed characteristics or behavior, rather than on individual suspicion.
Racial steering refers to the practice in which real estate brokers guide prospective home buyers towards or away from certain neighborhoods based on their race.
Racism is the belief in the superiority of one race over another, which often results in discrimination and prejudice towards people based on their race or ethnicity.
In paleoanthropology, the recent African origin of modern humans, also called the "Out of Africa" theory (OOA), recent single-origin hypothesis (RSOH), replacement hypothesis, or recent African origin model (RAO), is the dominant model of the geographic origin and early migration of anatomically modern humans (Homo sapiens).
In evolutionary biology, reciprocal altruism is a behaviour whereby an organism acts in a manner that temporarily reduces its fitness while increasing another organism's fitness, with the expectation that the other organism will act in a similar manner at a later time.
In the United States, redlining is the systematic denial of various services to residents of specific, often racially associated, neighborhoods or communities, either directly or through the selective raising of prices.
A refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person who has been forced to cross national boundaries and who cannot return home safely (for more detail see legal definition).
A remittance is a transfer of money by a foreign worker to an individual in their home country.
Repatriation is the process of returning an asset, an item of symbolic value or a person - voluntarily or forcibly - to its owner or their place of origin or citizenship.
In demography, replacement migration is a theory of migration needed for a region to achieve a particular objective (demographic, economic or social).
A resource is a source or supply from which a benefit is produced.
Retirement is the withdrawal from one's position or occupation or from one's active working life.
In most countries, suffrage, the right to vote, is generally limited to citizens of the country.
The Russian diaspora is the global community of ethnic Russians.
Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.
Science Advances is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary open-access scientific journal established in early 2015.
A seasonal industry is activity within an economic sector in which the majority of operations take place during only part of the year, usually within a period of half a year or less.
Social capital is a form of economic and cultural capital in which social networks are central; transactions are marked by reciprocity, trust, and cooperation; and market agents produce goods and services not mainly for themselves, but for a common good.
Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
A Special Interest Group (SIG) is a community within a larger organization with a shared interest in advancing a specific area of knowledge, learning or technology where members cooperate to affect or to produce solutions within their particular field, and may communicate, meet, and organize conferences.
Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.
Standard of living refers to the level of wealth, comfort, material goods, and necessities available to a certain socioeconomic class in a certain geographic area, usually a country.
A state is a compulsory political organization with a centralized government that maintains a monopoly of the legitimate use of force within a certain geographical territory.
Stockholm University (Stockholms universitet) is a public university in Stockholm, Sweden, founded as a college in 1878, with university status since 1960.
Terrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror among masses of people; or fear to achieve a financial, political, religious or ideological aim.
The Journal of Law and Economics is an academic journal published by the University of Chicago Press.
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.
An international marriage, or transnational marriage, is a marriage between two people from different countries.
Underemployment is the under-use of a worker due to a job that does not use the worker's skills, or is part time, or leaves the worker idle.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) is part of the United Nations Secretariat and is responsible for the follow-up to major United Nations Summits and Conferences, as well as services to the United Nations Economic and Social Council and the Second and Third Committees of the United Nations General Assembly.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is a Cabinet department in the Executive branch of the United States federal government.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a historic document that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly at its third session on 10 December 1948 as Resolution 217 at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris, France.
The University of California, Davis (also referred to as UCD, UC Davis, or Davis), is a public research university and land-grant university as well as one of the 10 campuses of the University of California (UC) system.
The University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) is a public research university located in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
A wage is monetary compensation (or remuneration, personnel expenses, labor) paid by an employer to an employee in exchange for work done.
War is a state of armed conflict between states, societies and informal groups, such as insurgents and militias.
A war crime is an act that constitutes a serious violation of the laws of war that gives rise to individual criminal responsibility.
Welfare is a government support for the citizens and residents of society.
The term White Australia policy comprises various historical policies that effectively barred people of non-European descent from emigrating into Australia.
The white genocide conspiracy theory is a Neo-Nazi, white nationalist and supremacist conspiracy theory that mass immigration, racial integration, miscegenation, low fertility rates and abortion are being promoted in predominantly white countries to deliberately turn them minority-white and hence cause white people to become extinct through forced assimilation.
Since the late 20th century, substantial labour migration from developing countries to high-income countries has occurred.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
The 2005 French riots was a three-week period of riots in the suburbs of Paris and other French cities, in October and November 2005, that involved the burning of cars and public buildings at night.
The 2010 Haiti earthquake (Séisme de 2010 à Haïti; Tranblemanntè 12 janvye 2010 nan peyi Ayiti) was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake, with an epicenter near the town of Léogâne (Ouest), approximately west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti's capital.
Backflows, Discrimination against immigrants, Economic effects of immigration, Fiscal effects of immigration, Foreign labour, Imigration, Imigration rate, Imigrations, Immigrant, Immigrant rights, Immigrants, Immigrants rights, Immigrate, Immigrated, Immigrates, Immigrating, Immigration quota, Immigration rate, Immigration to North America, Immigrational, Immigrations, Immigratory, Immmigrant, Legal immigrant, Legal immigration problems, Mass immigration.