134 relations: Adelaide, Adelaide International Bird Sanctuary National Park—Winaityinaityi Pangkara, Agrochemical, AkzoNobel, Alfred Mond, 1st Baron Melchett, Ammonia, Ardeer, North Ayrshire, Astra AB, AstraZeneca, Berkshire, Beta blocker, Billingham, Biology, Blackley, Botany Bay, Botany Bay Groundwater Plume, British Dyestuffs Corporation, British Nylon Spinners, Brodifacoum, Buenos Aires, Burmese Way to Socialism, Chemical industry, Cheshire, Chlorine, Commodity, Courtaulds, Crimplene, Croda International, Cyhalothrin, Divestment, Doncaster, Dry Creek, South Australia, Dulux, DuPont, Dye, Dynamite, Edith Flagg, European Commissioner for Competition, Fertilizer, Flavor, FT 30, FTSE 100 Index, General Atomics, Givaudan, Gloucester, Halothane, Hanson (company), Henkel, Herbicide, Hertfordshire, ..., Huntsman Corporation, IG Farben, IMI plc, Imperial Chemical House, Inabata & Co., Ltd., Ineos, Insecticide, John Harvey-Jones, Ludwig Mond, Malaria, Malaysia, Manchester, McKinsey & Company, Medication, Micro process engineering, Millbank, Myanmar, New South Wales, Newcastle University, Nitric acid, Nitrocellulose, Nobel Enterprises, Non-ferrous metal, Norsk Hydro, Northwich, Nuclear reactor, Orica, Osborne, South Australia, Paint, Paraquat, Paul Chambers (industrialist), Penrice Soda Products, Pension fund, Pharmaceutical industry in the United Kingdom, Phthalocyanine, Pirimicarb, Pirimiphos-methyl, Poly(methyl methacrylate), Polyester, Polyether ether ketone, Polyethylene, Polyethylene terephthalate, Polymer, Pontypool, Proguanil, Propranolol, Pyrethroid, Quest International, Redcar and Cleveland, Rodenticide, Rozenburg, Runcorn, San Lorenzo, Santa Fe, Seed, Sir John Brunner, 1st Baronet, Slough, Sodium bicarbonate, Sodium carbonate, Sodium hydroxide, Sodium sesquicarbonate, Solvent, South Australia, Speciality chemicals, Stevenston, Stockton-on-Tees, Sulfuric acid, Sunbeam Cycles, Synthonia, Taiwan, Tamoxifen, Tata Chemicals Europe, Teesside, Thermoplastic, Titanium dioxide, TRIGA, Tube Alloys, Unilever, United Alkali Company, Viyella, W. R. Grace and Company, Welwyn Garden City, Wilton, Redcar and Cleveland, World War II, Zeneca. Expand index (84 more) » « Shrink index
Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and the fifth-most populous city of Australia.
The Adelaide International Bird Sanctuary National Park—Winaityinaityi Pangkara is a protected area in South Australia established by the South Australian government on the northeast coast of Gulf St Vincent, between Parham in the north and the southern end of Barker Inlet in the south, for the purpose of rehabilitating land used as salt pans, protecting habitat for international migratory shorebirds, managing water quality in adjoining parts of Gulf St Vincent, creation of ‘green’ space, development of niche tourism and creation of opportunities for indigenous people.
An agrochemical or agrichemical, a contraction of agricultural chemical, is a chemical product used in agriculture.
Akzo Nobel N.V., trading as AkzoNobel, is a Dutch multinational company which creates paints and performance coatings and produces specialty chemicals for both industry and consumers worldwide.
Alfred Moritz Mond, 1st Baron Melchett, PC, FRS, DL (23 October 1868 – 27 December 1930), known as Sir Alfred Mond, Bt, between 1910 and 1928, was a British industrialist, financier and politician.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Ardeer was a small town now officially incorporated into Stevenston on the Ardeer peninsula, in the parish of Stevenston, North Ayrshire, originally an island and later its extensive sand dune system became the site of Nobel Explosives, a dominant global supplier of explosives to the mining and quarrying industries and a major player in the design and development of products for the chemical and defence industries during the 20th century.
Astra AB is a former international pharmaceutical company headquartered in Södertälje, Sweden.
AstraZeneca plc is an Anglo–Swedish multinational pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical company.
Berkshire (abbreviated Berks, in the 17th century sometimes spelled Barkeshire as it is pronounced) is a county in south east England, west of London and is one of the home counties.
Beta blockers, also written β-blockers, are a class of medications that are particularly used to manage abnormal heart rhythms, and to protect the heart from a second heart attack (myocardial infarction) after a first heart attack (secondary prevention).
Billingham is a town in County Durham, England, with a population of 35,165 according to the 2011 Census.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.
Blackley is a suburban area of Manchester, England.
Botany Bay, an open oceanic embayment, is located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, south of the Sydney central business district.
Botany Bay Groundwater Plume is contamination of the local aquifer in Botany Bay caused by a chemical leak.
British Dyestuffs Corporation Ltd was a British company formed in 1919 from the merger of British Dyes Ltd with Levinstein Ltd.
British Nylon Spinners (BNS) was a British company set up in 1940 by ICI and Courtaulds to produce nylon yarn.
Brodifacoum is a highly lethal 4-hydroxycoumarin vitamin K antagonist anticoagulant poison.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
The Burmese Way to Socialism (မြန်မာ့နည်းမြန်မာ့ဟန် ဆိုရှယ်လစ်စနစ်; also known as the Burmese Road to Socialism) refers to the ideology of the socialist government in Burma, from 1962 to 1988, when the 1962 coup d'état was led by Ne Win and the military to remove U Nu from power.
The chemical industry comprises the companies that produce industrial chemicals.
Cheshire (archaically the County Palatine of Chester) is a county in North West England, bordering Merseyside and Greater Manchester to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire and Shropshire to the south and Flintshire, Wales and Wrexham county borough to the west.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
In economics, a commodity is an economic good or service that has full or substantial fungibility: that is, the market treats instances of the good as equivalent or nearly so with no regard to who produced them.
Courtaulds was a United Kingdom-based manufacturer of fabric, clothing, artificial fibres, and chemicals.
Crimplene is a texturised continuous fibre launched in 1959, produced by modifying Terylene.
Croda International plc is a British speciality chemicals company based at Snaith in the East Riding of Yorkshire.
Cyhalothrin is an organic compound that is used as a pesticide.
In finance and economics, divestment or divestiture is the reduction of some kind of asset for financial, ethical, or political objectives or sale of an existing business by a firm.
Doncaster is a large market town in South Yorkshire, England.
Dry Creek is a mostly industrial suburb north of Adelaide, containing significant wetlands and a substantial area formerly devoted to salt crystallisation pans, managed by Ridley Corporation, which plans to redevelop the site for housing.
Dulux is an internationally available brand of architectural paint.
A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.
Dynamite is an explosive made of nitroglycerin, sorbents (such as powdered shells or clay) and stabilizers.
Edith Flagg (née Feuerstein; November 1, 1919 – August 13, 2014) was an American fashion designer, fashion industry executive, and philanthropist.
The Commissioner for Competition is the member of the European Commission responsible for competition.
A fertilizer (American English) or fertiliser (British English; see spelling differences) is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.
Flavor (American English) or flavour (British English; see spelling differences) is the sensory impression of food or other substance, and is determined primarily by the chemical senses of taste and smell.
The FT 30 (FT Ordinary Index or FTOI, not "FTSE 30") is a now rarely used index that is similar to the Dow Jones Industrial Average.
The Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Index, also called the FTSE 100 Index, FTSE 100, FTSE, or, informally, the "Footsie", is a share index of the 100 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange with the highest market capitalisation.
General Atomics is a defense contractor headquartered in San Diego, California, specializing in nuclear physics including nuclear fission and nuclear fusion.
Givaudan is a Swiss manufacturer of flavors, fragrances, and active cosmetic ingredients.
Gloucester is a city and district in Gloucestershire, England, of which it is the county town.
Halothane, sold under the brandname Fluothane among others, is a general anesthetic.
Hanson Limited, formerly Hanson Trust plc, is a British based international building materials company, headquartered in Maidenhead.
Henkel AG & Company, KGaA, is a German chemical and consumer goods company headquartered in Düsseldorf, Germany.
Herbicides, also commonly known as weedkillers, are chemical substances used to control unwanted plants.
Hertfordshire (often abbreviated Herts) is a county in southern England, bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south.
Huntsman Corporation is an American multinational manufacturer and marketer of chemical products for consumers and industrial customers.
IG Farben was a German chemical and pharmaceutical industry conglomerate.
IMI plc, formerly Imperial Metal Industries, is a British-based engineering company headquartered in Birmingham, England.
Imperial Chemical House is a Grade II listed building situated on Millbank, London, England, near the west end of Lambeth Bridge.
is a specialized trading company and part of the Sumitomo Chemical group.
INEOS is a privately owned multinational chemicals company headquartered in London, UK, and with registered offices in Lyndhurst, Hampshire, UK and London, United Kingdom.
Insecticides are substances used to kill insects.
Sir John Harvey-Jones MBE (16 April 1924 – 9 January 2008) was an English businessman.
Ludwig Mond (7 March 1839 – 11 December 1909) was a German-born chemist and industrialist who took British nationality.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
McKinsey & Company is an American worldwide management consulting firm.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
Micro process engineering is the science of conducting chemical or physical processes (unit operations) inside small volumina, typically inside channels with diameters of less than 1 mm (microchannels) or other structures with sub-millimeter dimensions.
Millbank is an area of central London in the City of Westminster.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.
Newcastle University (officially, the University of Newcastle upon Tyne) is a public research university in Newcastle upon Tyne in the North-East of England.
Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid.
Nitrocellulose (also known as cellulose nitrate, flash paper, flash cotton, guncotton, and flash string) is a highly flammable compound formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid or another powerful nitrating agent.
Nobel Enterprises (phonetic) is a chemicals business that used to be based at Ardeer, in the Ayrshire town of Stevenston, in Scotland.
In metallurgy, a non-ferrous metal is a metal, including alloys, that does not contain iron (ferrite) in appreciable amounts.
Norsk Hydro ASA (often referred to as just Hydro) is a Norwegian aluminium and renewable energy company, headquartered in Oslo.
Northwich is a town and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
A nuclear reactor, formerly known as an atomic pile, is a device used to initiate and control a self-sustained nuclear chain reaction.
Orica Limited is an Australian-based multinational corporation that is one of the world’s largest provider of commercial explosives and blasting systems to the mining, quarrying, oil and gas and construction markets, a supplier of sodium cyanide for gold extraction, and a specialist provider of ground support services in mining and tunnelling.
Osborne is a suburb in the Australian state of South Australia located on the LeFevre Peninsula in the west of Adelaide about north-west of the Adelaide city centre.
Paint is any liquid, liquefiable, or mastic composition that, after application to a substrate in a thin layer, converts to a solid film.
Paraquat (trivial name) or N,N′-dimethyl-4,4′-bipyridinium dichloride (systematic name) is an organic compound with the chemical formula Cl2.
Sir Stanley Paul Chambers (1904–1981) was a British civil servant and industrialist and Chairman of ICI.
Penrice Soda Products was a company listed on the Australian Securities Exchange, named after its quarry near the small town of Penrice, South Australia.
A pension fund, also known as a superannuation fund in some countries, is any plan, fund, or scheme which provides retirement income.
The pharmaceutical industry in the United Kingdom directly employs around 73,000 people and in 2007 contributed £8.4 billion to the UK's GDP and invested a total of £3.9 billion in research and development.
Phthalocyanine (H2Pc) is a large, aromatic, macrocyclic, organic compound with the formula (C8H4N2)4H2 and is of theoretical or specialized interest.
Pirimicarb is a selective carbamate insecticide used to control aphids on vegetable, cereal and orchard crops by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase activity but does not affect useful predators such as ladybirds that eat them.
Pirimiphos-methyl, marketed as Actellic, and Sybol is a phosphorothioate used as an insecticide.
Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), also known as acrylic or acrylic glass as well as by the trade names Crylux, Plexiglas, Acrylite, Lucite, and Perspex among several others (see below), is a transparent thermoplastic often used in sheet form as a lightweight or shatter-resistant alternative to glass.
Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.
Polyether ether ketone (PEEK) is a colourless organic thermoplastic polymer in the polyaryletherketone (PAEK) family, used in engineering applications.
Polyethylene or polythene (abbreviated PE; IUPAC name polyethene or poly(ethylene)) is the most common plastic.
Polyethylene terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibres for clothing, containers for liquids and foods, thermoforming for manufacturing, and in combination with glass fibre for engineering resins.
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
Pontypool (Pont-y-pŵl) is a town that is home to approximately 36,000 people in the county borough of Torfaen, within the historic boundaries of Monmouthshire in South Wales.
Proguanil, also known as chlorguanide and chloroguanide, is a medication used to treat and prevent malaria.
Propranolol, sold under the brand name Inderal among others, is a medication of the beta blocker type. It is used to treat high blood pressure, a number of types of irregular heart rate, thyrotoxicosis, capillary hemangiomas, performance anxiety, and essential tremors. It is used to prevent migraine headaches, and to prevent further heart problems in those with angina or previous heart attacks. It can be taken by mouth or by injection into a vein. The formulation that is taken by mouth comes in short-acting and long-acting versions. Propranolol appears in the blood after 30 minutes and has a maximum effect between 60 and 90 minutes when taken by mouth. Common side effects include nausea, abdominal pain, and constipation. It should not be used in those with an already slow heart rate and most of those with heart failure. Quickly stopping the medication in those with coronary artery disease may worsen symptoms. It may worsen the symptoms of asthma. Caution is recommended in those with liver or kidney problems. Propranolol may cause harmful effects in the baby if taken during pregnancy. Its use during breastfeeding is probably safe, but the baby should be monitored for side effects. It is a non-selective beta blocker which works by blocking β-adrenergic receptors. Propranolol was discovered in 1964. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system. Propranolol is available as a generic medication. The wholesale cost in the developing world is between 0.24 and 2.16 per month as of 2014. In the United States it costs about $15 per month at a typical dose.
A pyrethroid is an organic compound similar to the natural pyrethrins produced by the flowers of pyrethrums (Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium and C. coccineum).
Quest International was a major producer of flavors, fragrances and Food Ingredients with sales of £560 million in 2005 before its acquisition by rival Givaudan.
The borough of Redcar & Cleveland is a unitary authority area of North Yorkshire in the North East of England, consisting of Redcar, Saltburn-by-the-Sea, Guisborough, and small towns such as Brotton, Eston, Skelton and Loftus.
Rodenticides, colloquially rat poison, are typically non-specific pest control chemicals made and sold for the purpose of killing rodents.
Rozenburg is a town and former municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland.
Runcorn is an industrial town and cargo port in Halton, Cheshire, England, and in the southeast of the Liverpool City Region.
San Lorenzo is a city in the south of the province of Santa Fe, Argentina, located 23 km north of Rosario, on the western shore of the Paraná River, and forming one end of the Greater Rosario metropolitan area.
A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.
Sir John Tomlinson Brunner, 1st Baronet, (8 February 1842 – 1 July 1919) was a British chemical industrialist and Liberal Party politician.
Slough is a large town in Berkshire, England, on the western fringes of the Greater London Urban Area, west of central London, north of Windsor, east of Maidenhead, south-east of High Wycombe and north-east of the county town of Reading.
Sodium bicarbonate (IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen carbonate), commonly known as baking soda, is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3.
Sodium carbonate, Na2CO3, (also known as washing soda, soda ash and soda crystals, and in the monohydrate form as crystal carbonate) is the water-soluble sodium salt of carbonic acid.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.
Sodium sesquicarbonate (Systematic name trisodium hydrogendicarbonate) Na3H(CO3)2 is a double salt of sodium bicarbonate and sodium carbonate, and has a needle-like crystal structure.
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a state in the southern central part of Australia.
Speciality chemicals (also called specialties or effect chemicals) are particular chemical products which provide a wide variety of effects on which many other industry sectors rely.
Stevenston (Steenstoun, Baile Steaphain) is a town and parish in North Ayrshire, Scotland.
Stockton-on-Tees is a market town in the ceremonial county of County Durham, North East England.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
Sunbeam Cycles made by John Marston Limited of Wolverhampton was a British brand of bicycles and, from 1912 to 1956 motorcycles.
Synthonia is short for Synthetic Ammonia, a product produced by chemical company I.C.I. ICI produced this product at one of its many plants in Billingham in the 20th century.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Tamoxifen (TMX), sold under the brand name Nolvadex among others, is a medication that is used to prevent breast cancer in women and treat breast cancer in women and men.
Tata Chemicals Europe (formerly Brunner Mond (UK) Limited) is a UK-based chemicals company that is a subsidiary of Tata Chemicals Limited, itself a part of the India-based Tata Group.
Teesside is the conurbation in the north east of England around the urban centre of Middlesbrough that is primarily made up of the towns Billingham, Redcar, Stockton-on-Tees, Thornaby and surrounding settlements near the River Tees.
A thermoplastic, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic material, a polymer, that becomes pliable or moldable above a specific temperature and solidifies upon cooling.
Titanium dioxide, also known as titanium(IV) oxide or titania, is the naturally occurring oxide of titanium, chemical formula.
TRIGA (Training, Research, Isotopes, General Atomics) is a class of research nuclear reactor designed and manufactured by General Atomics.
Tube Alloys was a code name of the clandestine research and development programme, authorised by the United Kingdom, with participation from Canada, to develop nuclear weapons during the Second World War.
Unilever () is a British-Dutch transnational consumer goods company co-headquartered in London, United Kingdom and Rotterdam, Netherlands.
United Alkali Company Limited was a British chemical company formed in 1890, employing the Leblanc process to produce soda ash for the glass, textile, soap, and paper industries.
Viyella is a blend of wool and cotton first woven in 1893 in England, and soon to be the "first branded fabric in the world".
W.R. Grace and Company is an American chemical conglomerate based in Columbia, Maryland.
Welwyn Garden City is a town in Hertfordshire, England.
Wilton is a small village in the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland and the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Zeneca (officially Zeneca Group PLC) was a British multinational pharmaceutical company headquartered in London, United Kingdom.