33 relations: Apatite, Artificial cardiac pacemaker, Artificial heart valve, Biofunctionalisation, Biological activity, Biomaterial, Biomedical tissue, Birth control, Bjork–Shiley valve, Breast implant, Coagulation, Cochlear implant, Contraceptive implant, Drug-eluting stent, Food and Drug Administration, Foreign body granuloma, Heart valve, Hip replacement, Infection, Inflammation, Internal fixation, List of orthopedic implants, Medical device, Medical grade silicone, Mesh, Organ transplantation, Orthotics, Pain, Prosthetics in fiction, Silicone, Surgical instrument, Titanium, Transplant rejection.
Apatite is a group of phosphate minerals, usually referring to hydroxylapatite, fluorapatite and chlorapatite, with high concentrations of OH−, F− and Cl− ions, respectively, in the crystal.
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A pacemaker (or artificial pacemaker, so as not to be confused with the heart's natural pacemaker) is a medical device which uses electrical impulses, delivered by electrodes contracting the heart muscles, to regulate the beating of the heart.
An artificial heart valve is a device implanted in the heart of a patient with valvular heart disease.
In the field of bioengineering, biofunctionalisation (or biofunctionalization) is the modification of a material to have biological function and/or stimulus, whether permanent or temporary while at the same time be biologically compatibile.
In pharmacology, biological activity or pharmacological activity describes the beneficial or adverse effects of a drug on living matter.
A biomaterial is any matter, surface, or construct that interacts with living systems.
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Biomedical tissue is biological tissue used for organ transplantation and medical research, particularly cancer research.
Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, are methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy.
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The Björk–Shiley valve is a mechanical prosthetic heart valve.
A breast implant (colloquially known as a boob job) is a prosthesis used to change the size, form, and texture of a woman’s breast; in plastic surgery, breast implants are applied for post–mastectomy breast reconstruction; for correcting congenital defects and deformities of the chest wall; and for aesthetic breast augmentation.
Coagulation (also known as clotting) is the process by which blood changes from a liquid to a gel, forming a clot.
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A cochlear implant (CI) is a surgically implanted electronic device that provides a sense of sound to a person who is profoundly deaf or severely hard of hearing.
A contraceptive implant is a type of birth control.
A drug-eluting stent (DES) is a peripheral or coronary stent (a scaffold) placed into narrowed, diseased peripheral or coronary arteries that slowly releases a drug to block cell proliferation.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
The foreign body granuloma is a response of biological tissue to any foreign material in the tissue.
A heart valve normally allows blood to flow in only one direction through the heart.
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Hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which the hip joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant.
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to these organisms and the toxins they produce.
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Inflammation (Latin, inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants.
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Internal fixation is an operation in orthopedics that involves the surgical implementation of implants for the purpose of repairing a bone, a concept that dates to the mid-19th century and was made applicable for routine treatment in the mid-20th century.
An orthopedic implant is a medical device manufactured to replace a missing joint or bone or to support a damaged bone.
A medical device is an instrument, apparatus, implant, in vitro reagent, or similar or related article that is used to diagnose, prevent, or treat disease or other conditions, and does not achieve its purposes through chemical action within or on the body (which would make it a drug).
Medical grade silicones are silicones tested for biocompatibility and are appropriate to be used for medical applications.
A mesh is a barrier made of connected strands of metal, fiber, or other flexible/ductile materials.
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Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the person's own body, to replace the recipient's damaged or absent organ.
Orthotics (Greek: Ορθός, ortho, "to straighten" or "align") is a specialty within the medical field concerned with the design, manufacture and application of orthoses.
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Pain can be described as a distressing sensation in a particular part of the body.
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Prosthetics, the artificial replacement of organic limbs or organs, often play a role in fiction, particularly science fiction, as either plot points or to give a character a beyond normal appearance.
Silicones are polymers that include any inert, synthetic compound made up of repeating units of siloxane, which is a functional group of two silicon atoms and one oxygen atom frequently combined with carbon and/ or hydrogen.
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A surgical instrument is a specially designed tool or device for performing specific actions of carrying out desired effects during a surgery or operation, such as modifying biological tissue, or to provide access for viewing it.
Titanium is a chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22.
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Transplant rejection occurs when transplanted tissue is rejected by the recipient's immune system, which destroys the transplanted tissue.