79 relations: Affricate consonant, Airstream mechanism, Alveolar consonant, Amazon basin, Asia, Australia, Austroasiatic languages, Bantu languages, Bilabial consonant, Creaky voice, Damin, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dental consonant, Dorsal consonant, Egressive sound, Ejective consonant, Europe, Flores, Gitxsan language, Glottis, Guatemala, Igbo language, Indian subcontinent, Indonesia, Ingressive sound, International Phonetic Alphabet, Isoko language, K'iche' language, Kaqchikel language, Khmer language, Komo language, Krongo language, Kru languages, Lendu language, Linguolabial consonant, Maidu language, Mayan languages, Nasal consonant, Ngadha language, Ngiti language, Nick Clements, Nigeria, North America, Obstruent, Palatal consonant, Paraphoneme, Phonation, Phonetic Symbol Guide, Poqomchi' language, Q with hook, ..., Retroflex consonant, Roglai language, Saraiki language, Senegal, Serer language, Sindhi language, Sonorant, Southeast Asia, Stop consonant, Sub-Saharan Africa, Sudan, Swahili language, Thai language, Uvular consonant, Velar consonant, Vietnamese language, Voice (phonetics), Voiced alveolar implosive, Voiced bilabial implosive, Voiced palatal implosive, Voiced retroflex implosive, Voiced uvular implosive, Voiced velar implosive, Voiceless alveolar implosive, Voiceless bilabial implosive, Voiceless palatal implosive, Voiceless retroflex implosive, Voiceless uvular implosive, Voiceless velar implosive. Expand index (29 more) » « Shrink index
An affricate is a consonant that begins as a stop and releases as a fricative, generally with the same place of articulation (most often coronal).
In phonetics, the airstream mechanism is the method by which airflow is created in the vocal tract.
Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.
The Amazon basin is the part of South America drained by the Amazon River and its tributaries.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The Austroasiatic languages, formerly known as Mon–Khmer, are a large language family of Mainland Southeast Asia, also scattered throughout India, Bangladesh, Nepal and the southern border of China, with around 117 million speakers.
The Bantu languages (English:, Proto-Bantu: */baⁿtʊ̀/) technically the Narrow Bantu languages, as opposed to "Wide Bantu", a loosely defined categorization which includes other "Bantoid" languages are a large family of languages spoken by the Bantu peoples throughout Sub-Saharan Africa.
In phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a consonant articulated with both lips.
In linguistics, creaky voice (sometimes called laryngealisation, pulse phonation, vocal fry, or glottal fry) is a special kind of phonation in which the arytenoid cartilages in the larynx are drawn together; as a result, the vocal folds are compressed rather tightly, becoming relatively slack and compact.
Damin (Demiin in the practical orthography of Lardil) was a ceremonial language register used by the advanced initiated men of the aboriginal Lardil (Leerdil in the practical orthography) and the Yangkaal peoples of Australia.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa.
A dental consonant is a consonant articulated with the tongue against the upper teeth, such as,,, and in some languages.
Dorsal consonants are articulated with the back of the tongue (the dorsum).
In human speech, egressive sounds are sounds by which the air stream is created by pushing air out through the mouth or nose.
In phonetics, ejective consonants are usually voiceless consonants that are pronounced with a glottalic egressive airstream.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Flores (Indonesian: Pulau Flores) is one of the Lesser Sunda Islands, a group of islands in the eastern half of Indonesia.
The Gitxsan language, or Gitxsanimaax (also rendered Gitksan, Giatikshan, Gityskyan, Giklsan), is an endangered Tsimshianic language of northwestern British Columbia, closely related to the neighboring Nisga’a language.
The glottis is defined as the opening between the vocal folds (the rima glottidis).
Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast.
Igbo (Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student's Handbook, Edinburgh), is the principal native language of the Igbo people, an ethnic group of southeastern Nigeria.
The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
In phonetics, ingressive sounds are sounds by which the airstream flows inward through the mouth or nose.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet.
The Isoko language is spoken by the Isoko people in the Niger Delta of Southern Nigeria; specifically in regions of Delta and Bayelsa States.
K’iche’ (also Qatzijob'al "our language" to its speakers), or Quiché, is a Maya language of Guatemala, spoken by the K'iche' people of the central highlands.
The Kaqchikel, or Kaqchiquel, language (in modern orthography; formerly also spelled Cakchiquel or Cakchiquiel) is an indigenous Mesoamerican language and a member of the Quichean–Mamean branch of the Mayan languages family.
Khmer or Cambodian (natively ភាសាខ្មែរ phiəsaa khmae, or more formally ខេមរភាសា kheemaʾraʾ phiəsaa) is the language of the Khmer people and the official language of Cambodia.
Komo is a Nilo-Saharan language spoken by the Kwama (Komo) people of Ethiopia, Sudan and Southern Sudan.
Krongo, also spelled Korongo or Kurungu and known as Dimodongo, Kadumodi, or Tabanya after local towns, is a Kadu language spoken in Kordofan.
The Kru languages belong to the Niger–Congo language family and are spoken by the Kru people from the southeast of Liberia to the east of Ivory Coast.
The Lendu, or Balendru, are an ethno-linguistic agriculturalist group residing in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo in the area west and northwest of Lake Albert, specifically the Ituri Region of Orientale Province.
Linguolabials or apicolabials are consonants articulated by placing the tongue tip or blade against the upper lip, which is drawn downward to meet the tongue.
Maidu, also Northeastern Maidu or Mountain Maidu, is an extinct Maiduan language spoken by Maidu peoples traditionally in the mountains east and south of Lassen Peak in the American River and Feather River river drainages.
The Mayan languagesIn linguistics, it is conventional to use Mayan when referring to the languages, or an aspect of a language.
In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
Ngadha (also known as Ngada or Ngad'a) is an Austronesian language, one of six languages spoken in the central stretch of the Indonesian island of Flores.
The Ngiti, or South Lendu, is an ethnolinguistic group located in the Ituri Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
George Nick Clements (October 5, 1940 – August 30, 2009) was an American theoretical linguist specializing in phonology.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
An obstruent is a speech sound such as,, or that is formed by obstructing airflow.
Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).
In phonology, a paraphonemic sound is one which does not occur in the general lexicon of a language, but is instead limited to mimesis and similar uses.
The term phonation has slightly different meanings depending on the subfield of phonetics.
The Phonetic Symbol Guide is a book by Geoffrey Pullum and William Ladusaw that explains the histories and uses of symbols used in various phonetic transcription conventions.
Poqomchi’ (Pokomchi, Poqomchii') is a Mayan language spoken by the Poqomchi’ Maya of Guatemala, and is very closely related to Poqomam.
ʠ is a letter of the Latin alphabet, derived from q with the addition of a ̡ (diacritic hook).
A retroflex consonant is a coronal consonant where the tongue has a flat, concave, or even curled shape, and is articulated between the alveolar ridge and the hard palate.
The Roglai language is a Chamic language of southern Vietnam.
Saraiki (سرائیکی, also spelt Siraiki, or less often Seraiki) is an Indo-Aryan language of the Lahnda (Western Punjabi) group, spoken in the south-western half of the province of Punjab in Pakistan.
Senegal (Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa.
Serer, often broken into differing regional dialects such as Serer-Sine and Serer saloum, is a language of the Senegambian branch of Niger–Congo spoken by 1.2 million people in Senegal and 30,000 in the Gambia.
Sindhi (سنڌي, सिन्धी,, ਸਿੰਧੀ) is an Indo-Aryan language of the historical Sindh region, spoken by the Sindhi people.
In phonetics and phonology, a sonorant or resonant is a speech sound that is produced with continuous, non-turbulent airflow in the vocal tract; these are the manners of articulation that are most often voiced in the world's languages.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara.
The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.
Swahili, also known as Kiswahili (translation: coast language), is a Bantu language and the first language of the Swahili people.
Thai, Central Thai, or Siamese, is the national and official language of Thailand and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority Thai of Chinese origin.
Uvulars are consonants articulated with the back of the tongue against or near the uvula, that is, further back in the mouth than velar consonants.
Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).
Vietnamese (Tiếng Việt) is an Austroasiatic language that originated in Vietnam, where it is the national and official language.
Voice is a term used in phonetics and phonology to characterize speech sounds (usually consonants).
The voiced alveolar implosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
A voiced bilabial implosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced palatal implosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced retroflex implosive is a type of consonantal sound.
The voiced uvular implosive is an extremely rare type of consonantal sound.
The voiced velar implosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
A voiceless alveolar implosive is a rare consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
A voiceless bilabial implosive is a rare consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
A voiceless palatal implosive is a rare consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
A voiceless retroflex implosive is a rare consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
A voiceless uvular implosive is a rare consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
A voiceless velar implosive is a rare consonantal sound, used in some oral languages.