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Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi (Urdu: امیر عبداللہ خان نیازی; b. 1915–1 February 2004),, popularly known as A.A.K. Niazi or General Niazi was a former lieutenant-general in the Pakistan Army and the last Governor of East Pakistan, known for commanding the Eastern Command of Pakistani military in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) during the Eastern and the Western Fronts of the Indo-Pakistani war until the unilateral surrendering on the 16 December 1971 to Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora General Officer Commanding-in-Chief (GOC-in-C) of the Eastern Command and the Bengali Liberation Forces.
The Aérospatiale Alouette II (Lark) is a French light helicopter originally manufactured by Sud Aviation and later Aérospatiale.
The Aérospatiale Alouette III (Lark) is a single-engine, light utility helicopter developed by French aircraft company Sud Aviation.
The Aérospatiale SA 315B Lama is a French single-engined helicopter developed to meet hot and high operational requirements of the Indian Armed Forces.
Abhay (Sanskrit: अभय, "Fearless") is an Infantry Combat Vehicle (ICV) being developed in India by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
Lieutenant General Abhay Krishna, PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, SM, VSM is the current General Officer Commander-in-Chief (GOC-in-C), Eastern Command of the Indian Army and assumed office on 1 August 2017.
Abyssinia is a battle honour awarded to units of the British Indian Army and the British Army which participated in the 1868 campaign to free Europeans held hostage in Abyssinia (now known as Ethiopia) by Emperor Tewodros II (known at that time to the British as Theodore).
Agni-V is an intercontinental ballistic missile developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) of India.
Agni-VI is an intercontinental ballistic missile being developed by the DRDO for the use of the Indian Armed Forces Strategic Forces Command.
Agra is a city on the banks of the river Yamuna in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India.
Ahmedabad, also known as Amdavad is the largest city and former capital of the Indian state of Gujarat.
Ahmednagar is a city in Ahmednagar district in the state of Maharashtra, India, about 120 km northeast of Pune and 114 km from Aurangabad.
Akhnoor is an archeological site and Municipal Committee in Jammu district in the state of Jammu & Kashmir, India.
Aksai Chin (ﺋﺎﻗﺴﺎﻱ ﭼﯩﻦ;Hindi-अक्साई चिन) is a disputed border area between China and India.
Prayag, or Allahabad is a large metropolitan city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of Allahabad District, the most populous district in the state and 13th most populous district in India, and the Allahabad Division.
The Allies of World War I, or Entente Powers, were the countries that opposed the Central Powers in the First World War.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Ambala, is a city and a municipal corporation in Ambala district in the state of Haryana, India, located on the border with the Indian state of Punjab and in proximity to both states capital Chandigarh.
Amritsar, historically also known as Rāmdāspur and colloquially as Ambarsar, is a city in north-western India which is the administrative headquarters of the Amritsar district - located in the Majha region of the Indian state of Punjab.
The Andaman and Nicobar Command is the first and only Tri-service theater command of the Indian Armed Forces, based at Port Blair in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, a Union Territory of India.
There have been three Burmese Wars or Anglo-Burmese Wars.
The Annexation of Goa was the process in which the Republic of India annexed the former Portuguese Indian territories of Goa, Daman and Diu, starting with the "armed action" carried out by the Indian Armed Forces in December 1961.
António de Oliveira Salazar (28 April 1889 – 27 July 1970) was a Portuguese statesman who served as Prime Minister of Portugal from 1932 to 1968.
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
An anti-ballistic missile (ABM) is a surface-to-air missile designed to counter ballistic missiles (see missile defense).
The Arjun (Sanskrit: अर्जुन, in Classical Sanskrit and in Hindi) is a third generation main battle tank developed by India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), for the Indian Army.
An army (from Latin arma "arms, weapons" via Old French armée, "armed" (feminine)) or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land.
The Army Aviation Corps is a component of the Indian Army, formed on 1 November 1986.
Army Day is celebrated on 15 January every year in India, in recognition of Field Marshal Kodandera M. Cariappa's (then a Lieutenant General) taking over as the first Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army from General Sir Francis Butcher, the last British Commander-in-Chief of India, on 15 January 1949.
The Indian Army Medical Corps is a specialist corps in the Indian Army which provides medical services to all Army personnel.
The Army Ordnance Corps (abbreviated as AOC) is an active corps of the Indian Army and a major formation responsible for providing material and logistical support to the Indian Army during war and peace.
The Army Training Command of the Indian Army is one of the seven commands of the army.
Army War College, Mhow (AWC) is a tactical training and research institution of the Indian Army located in Mhow, Madhya Pradesh.
Arunachal Pradesh ("the land of dawn-lit mountains") is one of the 29 states of India and is the northeastern-most state of the country.
The Arunachal Scouts is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army.
The Ashoka Chakra (alternative spelling: Ashok Chakra) is India's highest peacetime military decoration awarded for valour, courageous action or self-sacrifice away from the battlefield.
Asia Times is a Hong Kong-based Philippine English-language news website covering politics, economics, business and culture "from an Asian perspective specially Philippine".
Assam is a state in Northeast India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.
The Assam Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army.
Ati Vishisht Seva Medal (AVSM) is a military award of India given to recognize "distinguished service of an exceptional order" to all ranks of the armed forces.
The Atlantic Wall (Atlantikwall) was an extensive system of coastal defence and fortifications built by Nazi Germany between 1942 and 1944 along the coast of continental Europe and Scandinavia as a defence against an anticipated Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe from the United Kingdom during World War II.
Awantipora or Awantipur is a town and a notified area committee in Pulwama district of the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir.
Mohammad Ayub Khan (محمد ایوب خان; 14 May 1907 – 19 April 1974),, was a Pakistani military dictator and the 2nd President of Pakistan who forcibly assumed the presidency from 1st President through coup in 1958, the first successful coup d'état of the country. The popular demonstrations and labour strikes which were supported by the protests in East Pakistan ultimately led to his forced resignation in 1969., Retrieved 25 August 2015 Trained at the British Royal Military College, Ayub Khan fought in the World War II as a Colonel in the British Indian Army before deciding to transfer to join the Pakistan Army as an aftermath of partition of British India in 1947. His command assignment included his role as chief of staff of Eastern Command in East-Bengal and elevated as the first native commander-in-chief of Pakistan Army in 1951 by then-Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan in a controversial promotion over several senior officers., Retrieved 25 August 2015 From 1953–58, he served in the civilian government as Defence and Home Minister and supported Iskander Mirza's decision to impose martial law against Prime Minister Feroze Khan's administration in 1958., Retrieved 27 August 2015 Two weeks later, he took over the presidency from Mirza after the meltdown of civil-military relations between the military and the civilian President., Retrieved 25 August 2015 After appointing General Musa Khan as an army chief in 1958, the policy inclination towards the alliance with the United States was pursued that saw the allowance of American access to facilities inside Pakistan, most notably the airbase outside of Peshawar, from which spy missions over the Soviet Union were launched. Relations with neighboring China were strengthened but deteriorated with Soviet Union in 1962, and with India in 1965. His presidency saw the war with India in 1965 which ended with Soviet Union facilitating the Tashkent Declaration between two nations. At home front, the policy of privatisation and industrialization was introduced that made the country's economy as Asia's fastest-growing economies. During his tenure, several infrastructure programs were built that consisted the completion of hydroelectric stations, dams and reservoirs, as well as prioritizing the space program but reducing the nuclear deterrence. In 1965, Ayub Khan entered in a presidential race as PML candidate to counter the popular and famed non-partisan Fatima Jinnah and controversially reelected for the second term. He was faced with allegations of widespread intentional vote riggings, authorized political murders in Karachi, and the politics over the unpopular peace treaty with India which many Pakistanis considered an embarrassing compromise. In 1967, he was widely disapproved when the demonstrations across the country were led by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto over the price hikes of food consumer products and, dramatically fell amid the popular uprising in East led by Mujibur Rahman in 1969. Forced to resign to avoid further protests while inviting army chief Yahya Khan to impose martial law for the second time, he fought a brief illness and died in 1974. His legacy remains mixed; he is credited with an ostensible economic prosperity and what supporters dub the "decade of development", but is criticized for beginning the first of the intelligence agencies' incursions into the national politics, for concentrating corrupt wealth in a few hands, and segregated policies that later led to the breaking-up of nation's unity that resulted in the creation of Bangladesh., Retrieved 25 August 2015.
Lieutenant General Balwant Singh Negi, PVSM, UYSM, YSM, SM, VSM & Bar is the current General Officer Commander-in-Chief (GOC-in-C), Central Command of the Indian Army and assumed office on 1 December 2015.
Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
Baramulla (ˌbærəˈmʊlə) is a city and a municipality in the Baramulla district in the state of Jammu and Kashmir (India).
Bareilly is a city in Bareilly district in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
Batalik is a part of Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Bathinda (also known as Tabar-e-Hind or Tabarhindh meaning the Gateway to India) is a city and Municipal Corporation in Southern part of Punjab, India.
A battalion is a military unit.
The Indian Army has a distinguished history in which they won many battle and theatre honours.
The Battle of Asal Uttar (Hindi: आसल उत्ताड़ असल उत्तर नहीं, Punjabi: ਆਸਲ ਉਤਾੜ) was one of the largest tank battles fought during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
The Battle of Atgram Complex, fought on 21 November 1971 between the 5 Gorkha Rifles of the Indian Army and the 31st Punjab regiment of the Pakistan Army, was one of the first large-scale military engagements preceding the formal initiation of hostilities in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.
The Battle of Basantar or the Battle of Barapind (December 4–16, 1971) was one of the vital battles fought as part of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 in the western sector of India.
The Battle of Chawinda was a part of the Sialkot Campaign in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
The Battle of Garibpur was fought between Pakistan and Mukti Bahini on 20–21 November 1971.
The Battle of Hilli or the Battle of Bogura was a major battle fought in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 and Bangladesh Liberation War.
The Battle of Longewala (4–7 December 1971) was one of the first major engagements in the western sector during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, fought between assaulting Pakistani forces and Indian defenders at the Indian border post of Longewala, in the Thar Desert of Rajasthan state in India.
The Battle of Tololing was a pivotal battle in the Kargil War between India's armed forces and troops from the Northern Light Infantry who were aided by Pakistan-backed irregulars in 1999.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Belgaum (also known as Belagavi, Belgavi and Venugrama or "bamboo village") is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka located in its northern part along the Western Ghats.
The Bengal Engineer Group (BEG) or the Bengal Sappers or Bengal Engineers as they are informally known, are remnants of British Indian Army's Bengal Army of the Bengal Presidency in British India; now a regiment of the Corps of Engineers in the Indian Army.
The Bengal Presidency was once the largest subdivision (presidency) of British India, with its seat in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
Bengalis (বাঙালি), also rendered as the Bengali people, Bangalis and Bangalees, are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group and nation native to the region of Bengal in the Indian subcontinent, which is presently divided between most of Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura, Assam, Jharkhand.
Bharat Rakshak ("Defenders of India") is a website devoted to discussing India's military affairs.
Bhopal is the capital city of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of Bhopal district and Bhopal division.
Bihar is an Indian state considered to be a part of Eastern as well as Northern India.
The Bihar Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army.
Bikaner is a city in the northwest of the state of Rajasthan, India.
General Bikram Singh, PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, SM, VSM, ADC is a former Chief of Army Staff (COAS) of the Indian Army.
Bilafond La (meaning "Pass of the Butterflies" in Balti language, also known as the Saltoro Pass, is a mountain pass situated on Saltoro Ridge, sitting immediately west of the vast Siachen Glacier, some directly north of map point NJ 980420 which defined the end of the 1972 Line of Control between Pakistan and India as part of the Simla Agreement. Bilafond La (Pass of the Butterflies) is on the ancient Silk Route linking undivided India and China. Bilafond La was a prominent feature during the 1984 start of military action in the Siachen Conflict between India and Pakistan. The Indian Army captured the pass in 1984 along with Sia La to the north and, in 1987, Gyong La to the south. India currently maintains a fortified military base at Bilafond La.
Binnaguri is a Cantonment town located in the Jalpaiguri district of West Bengal state, India.
General Bipin Rawat, UYSM, AVSM, YSM, SM, VSM, is the 27th Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army.
The Bombay Engineer Group, or the Bombay Sappers as they are informally known, are a regiment of the Corps of Engineers of the Indian Army.
The Bombay Presidency, also known as Bombay and Sind from 1843 to 1936 and the Bombay Province, was an administrative subdivision (presidency) of British India.
Bomdila is the headquarters of West Kameng district in the state of Arunachal Pradesh in India.
The Boxer Rebellion (拳亂), Boxer Uprising or Yihetuan Movement (義和團運動) was a violent anti-foreign, anti-colonial and anti-Christian uprising that took place in China between 1899 and 1901, toward the end of the Qing dynasty.
The BrahMos (designated PJ-10).
A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.
The Brigade of The Guards is a mechanised infantry regiment of the Indian Army.
Brigadier is a military rank, the seniority of which depends on the country.
Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The Indian Army (IA), often known since 1947 (but rarely during its existence) as the British Indian Army to distinguish it from the current Indian Army, was the principal military of the British Indian Empire before its decommissioning in 1947.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) of the Central Government of India decides on India's defence expenditure, matters of National Security, and makes significant appointments.
Camouflage is the use of any combination of materials, coloration, or illumination for concealment, either by making animals or objects hard to see (crypsis), or by disguising them as something else (mimesis).
The army rank of captain (from the French capitaine) is a commissioned officer rank historically corresponding to the command of a company of soldiers.
The Central Command of the Indian Army is one of the seven operational commands of the army.
The Central India Horse (21st King George V's Own Horse) was a regular cavalry regiment of the British Indian Army.
The Centre for Land Warfare Studies (CLAWS), New Delhi, India is an autonomous think tank on strategic studies and land warfare functioning under the aegis of Perspective Planning Directorate of Indian Army.
Chagai-I is the code name of five simultaneous underground nuclear tests conducted by Pakistan at 15:15 hrs PST on 28 May 1998.
Chandigarh is a city and a union territory in India that serves as the capital of the two neighbouring states of Haryana and Punjab.
Chennai (formerly known as Madras or) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Lieutenant General Cherish Mathson, PVSM, SM, VSM is the current General Officer Commander-in-Chief (GOC-in-C), South Western Command of the Indian Army and assumed office on 1 August 2017.
The Chief of the Army Staff is the commander and usually the highest-ranking officer of the Indian Army.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
College of Military Engineering (CME) is a premier technical and tactical training institution of the Indian Army Corps of Engineers of the Indian Army, this includes Combat Engineers, Military Engineering Service, Border Roads Organisation and Survey.
Colonel ("kernel", abbreviated Col., Col or COL) is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks.
A command in military terminology is an organisational unit for which a military commander is responsible.
A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.
During the period of the British Raj, the Commander-in-Chief, India (often "Commander-in-Chief in or of India") was the supreme commander of the British Indian Army.
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) is an intergovernmental organisation of six independent member states whose principal function is to mark, record and maintain the graves and places of commemoration of Commonwealth of Nations military service members who died in the two World Wars.
A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 80–150 soldiers and usually commanded by a major or a captain.
Conscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.
The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India.
Corps (plural corps; via French, from the Latin corpus "body") is a term used for several different kinds of organisation.
The Corps of Army Air Defence (abbreviated as AAD), is an active corps of the Indian Army and a major combative formation tasked with air defences of the country from foreign threats.
Corps of Military Police (CMP) is the military police of the Indian Army.
Cossipore (also spelt Cossipur, Kashipur) is a neighbourhood of north Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
The Counter-Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School (CIJWS) in Vairengte, Mizoram, India is a training and research establishment of the Indian Army specialising in unconventional warfare, especially counter-insurgency and guerrilla warfare.
Daman and Diu is a union territory in Western India.
The Defence Intelligence Agency (D.I.A.) is an organisation responsible for providing and coordinating military intelligence for the Indian armed forces.
The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is an agency of the Republic of India, charged with the military's research and development, headquartered in New Delhi, India.
Dehradun or Dehra Dun is the interim capital city of Uttarakhand, a state in the northern part of India.
Delhi Cantonment (popularly referred to as Delhi Cantt) was established in 1914.
Deolali, or Devlali, is a small hill station and a census town in Nashik district, Maharashtra.
Deterrence theory gained increased prominence as a military strategy during the Cold War with regard to the use of nuclear weapons.
Lieutenant General Devraj Anbu, PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, YSM, SM is the current Vice Chief of Army Staff (VCOAS) of the Indian Army and assumed office on 1 June 2018 following the retirement of Lt General Sarath Chand.
Lieutenant General Dewan Rabindranath Soni, PVSM, VSM is the current General Officer Commanding-in-Chief (GOC-in-C), Southern Command of the Indian Army and assumed office on 1 December 2017.
Dhaka (or; ঢাকা); formerly known as Dacca is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh.
Dibrugarh (pron: ˌdɪbru:ˈgɑ) is a city and is the headquarters of the Dibrugarh district in the state of Assam in India.
Dimapur is the largest city in Nagaland, India.
Danapur Cantonment or Danapur Cantt is a cantonment town in Patna District in the state of Bihar, India.
The Directorate of Military Intelligence (M.I.) is the military intelligence arm of the Indian Armed Forces.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
The Dogra Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army.
Between gaining independence from the United Kingdom on 15 August 1947 and the proclamation of a republic on 26 January 1950, India was an independent dominion in the British Commonwealth of Nations with king George VI as its head of state.
Pakistan (পাকিস্তান অধিরাজ্য; مملکتِ پاکستان), also called the Dominion of Pakistan, was an independent federal dominion in South Asia that was established in 1947 as a result of the Pakistan movement, followed by the simultaneous partition of British India to create a new country called Pakistan.
Dras (ISO transliteration: Drās) is a town in the Kargil District of Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir on NH 1 (former name NH 1D before renumbering of all national highways) between Zoji La pass and Kargil town.
A dun is an ancient or medieval fort.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
East Pakistan was the eastern provincial wing of Pakistan between 1955 and 1971, covering the territory of the modern country Bangladesh.
The Eastern Command of the Indian Army is one of the seven operational commands of the army.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
Microsoft Encarta was a digital multimedia encyclopedia published by Microsoft Corporation from 1993 to 2009.
Excalibur is an assault rifle that is derived from the INSAS rifle, which is the standard rifle of the Indian Army.
F-INSAS is India's program to equip its infantry with state-of-the-art equipment, F-INSAS standing for Future Infantry Soldier As a System.
Faizabad is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, and forms a municipal corporation with Ayodhya.
Fatehgarh is a cantonment town in Farrukhabad district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.
The Federal Research Division (FRD) is the research and analysis unit of the United States Library of Congress.
Field artillery is a category of mobile artillery used to support armies in the field.
Field marshal (or field marshal, abbreviated as FM) is a five–star general officer rank and the highest attainable rank in the Indian Army.
A fighter pilot is a military aviator trained to engage in air-to-air combat while in the cockpit of a fighter aircraft.
Firozpur, also known as Ferozepur, is a city on the banks of the Sutlej River in Firozpur District, Punjab, India.
The First Anglo-Afghan War (also known as Disaster in Afghanistan) was fought between British imperial India and the Emirate of Afghanistan from 1839 to 1842.
The First Anglo-Sikh War was fought between the Sikh Empire and the East India Company between 1845 and 1846.
The First Opium War (第一次鴉片戰爭), also known as the Opium War or the Anglo-Chinese War, was a series of military engagements fought between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China over their conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the administration of justice in China.
A five-star rank is a very senior military rank, first established in the United States in 1944, with a five-star general insignia, and corresponding ranks in other countries.
Flightglobal is an online news and information website which covers the aviation and aerospace industries.
Fort Bragg, North Carolina is a military installation of the United States Army and is the largest military installation in the world (by population) with more than 50,000 active duty personnel.
Fort St George (or historically, White Town) is the first English (later British) fortress in India, founded in 1644 at the coastal city of Madras, the modern city of Chennai.
Fort William is a fort in Calcutta (Kolkata), built during the early years of the Bengal Presidency of British India.
A four-star rank is the rank of any four-star officer described by the NATO OF-9 code.
Gangtok is a city, municipality, the capital and the largest town of the Indian state of Sikkim.
A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.
The General Officer Commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth (and some other, such as in Ireland) nations to a General Officer who holds a command appointment.
The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.
Ghatak Platoon, or Ghatak Commandos, is a special operations capable infantry platoon.
Goa is a state in India within the coastal region known as the Konkan, in Western India.
Gopalpur is a town and a Notified Area Council on the Bay of Bengal coast in Ganjam district in the southern part of Odisha, India.
The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.
Gurez, or Gurais (Guráai in the local Shina language), is a valley located in the high Himalayas, about from Bandipore and from Srinagar in northern Kashmir and southern Gilgit-Baltistan.
The Gurkhas or Gorkhas with endonym Gorkhali (गोरखाली) are the soldiers of Nepalese nationality and ethnic Indian Gorkhas recruited in the British Army, Nepalese Army, Indian Army, Gurkha Contingent Singapore, Gurkha Reserve Unit Brunei, UN Peace Keeping force, and war zones around the world.
The HAL Dhruv is a utility helicopter developed and manufactured by India's Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
The HAL Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) is an Indian multirole combat helicopter developed and manufactured by Indian aerospace manufacturer Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
The HAL Light Utility Helicopter (LUH) is a single-engine light helicopter designed and under development by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) of India.
The HAL Rudra, also known as ALH-WSI, is an armed version of HAL Dhruv.
Hari Singh (September 1895 – 26 April 1961) was the last ruling Maharaja of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir in India.
A havildar or havaldar (हविलदार (Devanagari) (Perso-Arabic)) is a rank in the Indian and Pakistani armies, equivalent to a sergeant.
The Hawker Tempest is a British fighter aircraft primarily used by the Royal Air Force (RAF) in the Second World War.
The Henderson Brooks-Bhagat report is the report of an analysis (referred to in the report as an "Operations Review") of the events leading up to the Sino-Indian War of 1962.
The High Altitude Warfare School (HAWS) is a training and research establishment of the Indian Army.
Himachal Pradesh (literally "snow-laden province") is a Indian state located in North India.
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
Hindustan Times is an Indian English-language daily newspaper founded in 1924 with roots in the Indian independence movement of the period ("Hindustan" being a historical name for India).
Hisar Military Station is the base headquarters of the 33rd Armoured Division of Mathura-headquartered I Corps strike battle formation of Jaipur-headquartered South Western Command of Indian Army.
Hyderabad is the capital of the Indian state of Telangana and de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh.
Hyderabad State was an Indian princely state located in the south-central region of India with its capital at the city of Hyderabad.
The HSTDV is an unmanned scramjet demonstration aircraft for hypersonic speed flight.
For the First World War corps, see I Corps (British India) I Corps, headquartered at Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, is a military field formation of the Indian Army, created in 1965.
II Corps is a corps of the Indian Army, based in Ambala and known as Kharga Corps.
The III Corps was a formation of the Indian Army during World War I formed in Mesopotamia.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Indian Air Force (IAF; IAST: Bhāratīya Vāyu Senā) is the air arm of the Indian armed forces.
Operation Polo is the code name of the Hyderabad "police action" in September 1948, by the newly independent India against the Hyderabad State.
The Indian Armed Forces (Hindi (in IAST): Bhāratīya Saśastra Senāeṃ) are the military forces of the Republic of India.
The Indian Army Armoured Corps is one of the combat arms of the Indian Army.
The Corps of Electronics and Mechanical Engineers (EME) is an arms and service branch of the Indian Army.
The Corps of Engineers of the Indian Army has a long history dating back to the mid-18th century.
Indian Army Corps of Signals is a corps and an arm of the Indian Army, which handles its military communications.
The Indian Army Pioneer Corps or Pioneers though not a combat arm of the Indian defense forces provide disciplined and well trained manpower where civilian labour is either not available or its employment is not desirable for reasons of security.
The Remount and Veterinary Corps is an administrative and operational branch of the Indian Army, and one of its oldest formations.
Indian Army Service Corps (IASC) is a corps and an arm of the Indian Army, which handles its logistic support function.
So far India has taken part in 43 Peacekeeping missions with a total contribution exceeding troops and a significant number of police personnel having been deployed.
The Indian Ballistic Missile Defence Programme is an initiative to develop and deploy a multi-layered ballistic missile defence system to protect from ballistic missile attacks.
The Indian independence movement encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (1757–1857) and the British Indian Empire (1857–1947) in the Indian subcontinent.
The Indian Legion (Indische Legion), officially the Free India Legion (Legion Freies Indien) or Infantry Regiment 950 (Indian) (Infanterie-Regiment 950 (indisches), I.R. 950) and later the Indian Volunteer Legion of the Waffen-SS (Indische Freiwilligen Legion der Waffen-SS), was a military unit raised during the Second World War in Nazi Germany.
The Indian Military Academy, Dehradun (also known as IMA) is the officer training Academy of the Indian Army.
The Indian National Army (INA; Azad Hind Fauj; lit.: Free Indian Army) was an armed force formed by Indian nationalists in 1942 in Southeast Asia during World War II.
The Indian National Congress (INC, often called Congress Party) is a broadly based political party in India.
The Indian Navy (IN; IAST: Bhāratīya Nau Senā) is the naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces.
Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) was the Indian military contingent performing a peacekeeping operation in Sri Lanka between 1987 and 1990.
The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.
Indianisation was a process introduced in the later period of British India (early 20th century) whereby Indian officers were promoted to more senior positions in government services, formerly reserved for Europeans.
Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (née Nehru; 19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984) was an Indian politician, stateswoman and a central figure of the Indian National Congress.
Indirect fire is aiming and firing a projectile without relying on a direct line of sight between the gun and its target, as in the case of direct fire.
The Indo-Pakistani War of 1947–1948, sometimes known as the First Kashmir War, was fought between India and Pakistan over the princely state of Kashmir and Jammu from 1947 to 1948.
INSAS (an abbreviation of INdian Small Arms System) is a family of infantry arms consisting of an assault rifle and a light machine gun (LMG).
Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA), New Delhi, is an Indian think tank for advanced research in international relations, especially strategic and security issues, and providing training to civilian and military officers of the Indian government.
The Instrument of Accession was a legal document first introduced by the Government of India Act 1935 and used in 1947 to enable each of the rulers of the princely states under British paramountcy to join one of the new dominions of India or Pakistan created by the Partition of British India.
An insurgency is a rebellion against authority (for example, an authority recognized as such by the United Nations) when those taking part in the rebellion are not recognized as belligerents (lawful combatants).
The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) is a British research institute (or think tank) in the area of international affairs.
The Internet Archive is a San Francisco–based nonprofit digital library with the stated mission of "universal access to all knowledge." It provides free public access to collections of digitized materials, including websites, software applications/games, music, movies/videos, moving images, and nearly three million public-domain books.
The IV Corps is a military field formation of the Indian Army, created in 1961.
9 Corps (not IX Corps), also known as Rising Star Corps, was raised in 2005 and is the Indian Army's youngest corps It is based at Yol cantonment in Kangra Valley, southeast of Dharamsala in Himachal Pradesh.
Lieutenant General Jack Farj Rafael "J.
Jabalpur (formerly Jubbulpore) is a tier 2 city in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India.
Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Arora, PVSM (13 February 1916 – 3 May 2005) was an Indian army officer, and a later a politician who was the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief (GOC-in-C) of the Eastern Command during the third war with Pakistan in 1971.
Jaipur is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan in Northern India.
Jalandhar, formerly known as Jullundur in British India, is a city in the Doaba region of the northwestern Indian state of Punjab.
Jammu is the largest city in the Jammu Division and the winter capital of state of Jammu and Kashmir in India.
Jammu and Kashmir (ænd) is a state in northern India, often denoted by its acronym, J&K.
The Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry (JAK LI) is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army.
The Jammu and Kashmir Rifles is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army.
The Jat Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army.
General Jayanto Nath Chaudhuri, OBE (10 June 1908 – 6 April 1983) was an Indian four-star general who served as the Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army from 1962 to 1966 and the Military Governor of Hyderabad State from 1948 to 1949.
Jhansi is a historic city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
Jharkhand (lit. "Bushland" or The land of forest) is a state in eastern India, carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000.
Jodhpur is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan and officially the second metropolitan city of the state.
Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) is a term describing a group of military ranks found in the Indian Army, Pakistan Army, Bangladesh Army and Nepal Army.
Kalimpong is a hill station in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Kamptee (कामठी) is a city and a municipal council in Nagpur district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Kargil is a district of Ladakh division in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The Kargil War (करगिल युद्ध, kargil yuddh, کرگل جنگ kargil jang), also known as the Kargil conflict, was an armed conflict between India and Pakistan that took place between May and July 1999 in the Kargil district of Kashmir and elsewhere along the Line of Control (LOC).
Karnataka also known Kannada Nadu is a state in the south western region of India.
Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent.
Khadki is a town near Pune in Maharashtra, India.
Khaki (Canada and) is a color, a light shade of yellow-brown.
The Kirti Chakra is an Indian military decoration awarded for valour, courageous action or self-sacrifice away from the field of battle.
Field Marshal Kodandera "Kipper" Madappa Cariappa, OBE (28 January 1899 – 15 May 1993) was the first Indian Commander-in-Chief (C-in-C) of the Indian Army.
General Kodendera Subayya Thimayya, DSO was a distinguished soldier of the Indian Army who served as Chief of Army Staff from 1957 to 1961 in the crucial years leading up to the conflict with China in 1962.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Kota formerly known as Kotah, is a city located in the southeast of northern Indian state of Rajasthan.
General Krishnaswamy Sundarji, PVSM (28 April 1930 – 8 February 1999), was the Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army from 1986 to 1988.
The Kumaon Regiment is one of the most decorated infantry regiments of the Indian Army.
The Ladakh Scouts is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army, nicknamed the "Snow Warriors" or "Snow Tigers".
The Lahore Declaration was a bilateral agreement and governance treaty between India and Pakistan.
Lansdowne, is a cantonment town in Pauri Garhwal district in the Indian state of Uttarakhand.
In politics, law and order (also known as tough on crime and the War on Crime) refers to demands for a strict criminal justice system, especially in relation to violent and property crime, through stricter criminal penalties.
Law enforcement in India is performed by numerous law enforcement agencies.
Leh is a town in the Leh district of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Khurkhul' is an ethnically diverse town in Manipur and comes under lamsang block and Imphal West District.
Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
A lieutenant (abbreviated Lt, LT, Lieut and similar) is a junior commissioned officer in the armed forces, fire services, police and other organizations of many nations.
Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies, most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel.
Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries.
The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is a demarcation line that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory in the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The term Line of Control (LoC) refers to the military control line between the Indian and Pakistani controlled parts of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir—a line which does not constitute a legally recognized international boundary, but is the de facto border.
This is a list of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel.
The following is a list of exercises of the Indian Army.
This is a list of serving Generals of the Indian Army.
This is a list of UN peacekeeping missions since the United Nations was founded in 1945, organized by region, with the dates of deployment, the name of the related conflict, and the name of the UN operation.
This is a historical overview of armed conflicts involving India.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Admiral of the Fleet Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, (born Prince Louis of Battenberg; 25 June 1900 – 27 August 1979) was a British Royal Navy officer and statesman, an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and second cousin once removed of Queen Elizabeth II.
Lucknow is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and is also the administrative headquarters of the eponymous District and Division.
Madhya Pradesh (MP;; meaning Central Province) is a state in central India.
Madras Engineer Group (MEG), informally known as the Madras Sappers, is an engineer group of the Corps of Engineers of the Indian Army.
The Madras Presidency, or the Presidency of Fort St.
The Madras Regiment is one of the oldest infantry regiment of the Indian Army, originating in the 1750s.
The Maha Vir Chakra (MVC) (literally great warrior medal) is the second highest military decoration in India, after the Param Vir Chakra, and is awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air.
The Mahar Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army.
Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.
Mahindra Axe is a Light Military Utility Tactical Vehicle designed by Mahindra & Mahindra.
Major is a military rank of commissioned officer status, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces throughout the world.
Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.
A mandarin square (traditional Chinese: 補子; simplified Chinese: 补子; pinyin: bŭzi; Wade-Giles: putzŭ; Manchu: sabirgi; Vietnamese: Bổ Tử; hangul: 흉배; hanja: 胸背; romanized: hyungbae), also known as a rank badge, was a large embroidered badge sewn onto the surcoat of an official in Imperial China, Korea and Vietnam.
Lieutenant General Manoj Mukund Naravane, AVSM, SM, VSM is the current and 20th General Officer Commander-in-Chief (GOC-in-C), Army Training Command of the Indian Army and assumed office on 1 December 2017.
Manuel António Vassalo e Silva (Torres Novas, 8 November 1899 – Lisbon, 11 August 1985) was an officer of the Portuguese Army and an overseas administrator.
The Maratha Light Infantry is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army.
Mathura is a city in the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
The McMahon Line is a border line between Tibetan region of China and North-east region of India, proposed by British colonial administrator Henry McMahon at the 1914 Simla Convention which was signed between the British and the Tibetan representatives.
The Mechanised Infantry Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army, comprising 26 battalions dispersed under various armoured formations throughout India.
Mechanized infantry are infantry equipped with armored personnel carriers (APCs) or infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs) for transport and combat (see also mechanized force).
Meerut (IAST: Meraṭha), is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
Meghalaya is a state in Northeast India.
Mhow, officially known as Dr Ambedkar Nagar, is a cantonment in the Indore district in Madhya Pradesh state of India.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
The Military College of Telecommunication Engineering is the training establishment for the Corps of Signals, established 1911, of the Indian Army.
Military communications or military signals involve all aspects of communications, or conveyance of information, by armed forces.
Military Farms in India were set up to ensure a clean and continuous supply of cows milk to troops located in various garrisons across undivided British India.
The Indian Military Nursing Services is a part of Armed Forces Medical Services (AFMS) of the Indian Army, first formed under British rule in 1888.
The Modern Sub Machine Carbine (MSMC) is an Indian submachine gun designed by the Armament Research and Development Establishment and manufactured by Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli of the Ordnance Factories Board.
The Mongolian Armed Forces (Монгол улсын зэвсэгт хүчин, Mongol ulsyn zevsegt hüchin) is the collective name for the Mongolian army and the joint forces that comprise it.
Mountain warfare refers to warfare in the mountains or similarly rough terrain.
The Mukti Bahini (মুক্তি বাহিনী translates as 'Freedom Fighters', or Liberation Forces; also known as the Bangladesh Forces) is a popular Bengali term which refers to the guerrilla resistance movement formed by the Bangladeshi military, paramilitary and civilians during the War of Liberation that transformed East Pakistan into Bangladesh in 1971.
Multi Calibre Individual Weapon System (MCIWS) is an assault rifle developed in India by the Armament Research and Development Establishment, a laboratory of the Defence Research and Development Organisation.
A multiple independently targetable reentry vehicle (MIRV) is a ballistic missile payload containing several thermonuclear warheads, each capable of being aimed to hit a different target.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
The Nag missile (IAST: Nāga; "Cobra") is an Indian third generation "fire-and-forget" anti-tank guided missile.
The Naga Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army.
Nagpur is the winter capital, a sprawling metropolis, and the third largest city of the Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune.
Nagrota is a town located in the Jammu district of Jammu and Kashmir state in India.
Nashik is an ancient city in the northwest region of Maharashtra in India. Situated on the banks of Godavari river Nashik is best known for being one of Hindu pilgrimage sites, that of Kumbh Mela which is held every 12 years. The city located about 190 km north of state capital Mumbai, is called the "Wine Capital of India" as half of India’s vineyards and wineries are located in Nashik.
Nathu La (Devanagari नाथू ला;, IAST: Nāthū Lā) is a mountain pass in the Himalayas in East Sikkim district.
National Highway 1 is a national highway in the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir.
The National Security Council (NSC) (IAST: Rāṣṭrīya Surakṣā Pariṣada) of India is an executive government agency tasked with advising the Prime Minister's Office on matters of national security and strategic interest.
The National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO) is a technical intelligence agency under the National Security Advisor in the Prime Minister's Office, India.
A Naxal or Naxalite is a member of the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Neville Maxwell (born 1926 in London) is a retired British journalist and scholar who authored the 1970 book India's China War, which is considered an authoritative analysis of the 1962 Sino-Indian War.
New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of Government of India.
Nirbhay (Sanskrit:Dauntless/Fearless) is a long range, all-weather, subsonic cruise missile designed and developed in India by the Defence Research and Development Organisation.
The Nizam of Hyderabad (Nizam-ul-Mulk, also known as Asaf Jah) was a monarch of the Hyderabad State, now divided into Telangana state, Hyderabad-Karnataka region of Karnataka and Marathwada region of Maharashtra.
Northeast India (officially North Eastern Region, NER) is the easternmost region of India representing both a geographic and political administrative division of the country.
The Northern Command is a Command of the Indian Army.
The NRP Afonso de Albuquerque was a warship of the Portuguese Navy, named after the 16th-century Portuguese navigator Afonso de Albuquerque.
An observation post (commonly abbreviated OP), temporary or fixed, is a position from which soldiers can watch enemy movements, to warn of approaching soldiers (such as in trench warfare), or to direct artillery fire.
Odisha (formerly Orissa) is one of the 29 states of India, located in eastern India.
The Officers Training Academy, Chennai (OTA) is a training establishment of the Indian Army that trains officers for the Short Service Commission.
Operation Blue Star was an Indian military operation carried out between 1 and 8 June 1984, ordered by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi to remove militant religious leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his armed followers from the buildings of the Harmandir Sahib complex in Amritsar, Punjab.
Operation Brasstacks was a codename of a major military exercise of the Indian Army in Rajasthan state of India, that took place in 1986 until its execution in 1987.
Operation Gibraltar was the codename given to the strategy of Pakistan to infiltrate Jammu and Kashmir, and start a rebellion against Indian rule.
Operation Golden Bird was an Indian-Myanmar military operation which occurred in April–May 1995.
Operation Grand Slam was a key operation of the 1965 Indo-Pakistani War.
Operation Meghdoot (ऑपरेशन मेघदूत Ŏparēśan Meghdūt, lit. "Operation Cloud Messenger" after a famous Sanskrit poem by Kalidasa) was the code-name for the Indian Armed Forces operation to capture the Siachen Glacier in the Kashmir region, precipitating the Siachen Conflict.
Operation Searchlight was a planned military operation carried out by the Pakistan Army to curb the Bengali nationalist movement in the erstwhile East Pakistan in March 1971, which the Pakistani state justified on the basis of anti-Bihari violence by Bengalis in early March.
Operation Surya Hope is the name that Indian Army’s Central Command gave to its response in Uttarakhand following the June 2013 North India floods.
Operation Woodrose was a military operation carried out by the Indira Gandhi-led Indian government in the months after Operation Blue Star to "prevent the outbreak of widespread public protest" in the state of Punjab.
Ordnance Factories Board (OFB) (आयुध निर्माणी बोर्ड; IAST: Āyudh nirmāṇī borḍ) consisting of the Indian Ordnance Factories (भारतीय आयुध निर्माणियाँ; Bhāratīya āyudh nirmāṇiyān), is an industrial organisation, functioning under the Department of Defence Production of Ministry of Defence, Government of India.
Oropolitics comes from the Greek oros meaning mountain and politikos meaning citizen.
Pachmarhi is a hill station in Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh state of central India.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) (پاک فِضائیہ—, or alternatively پاکیستان هاوایی فوج, reporting name: PAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces, tasked primarily with the aerial defence of Pakistan, with a secondary role of providing air support to the Pakistan Army and the Pakistan Navy.
Panagarh is the easternmost suburb of Durgapur, identified in 2011 census as a village in Kanksa CD Block in Durgapur subdivision of Paschim Bardhaman district of West Bengal.
Para (Special Forces), commonly known as Para SF, is the special force unit of the Indian Army.
The Parachute Regiment is the airborne infantry regiment of the Indian Army.
The Param Vir Chakra (PVC) is India's highest military decoration, awarded for displaying distinguished acts of valour during wartime.
Param Vishisht Seva Medal (PVSM) is a military award of India.
The term "paramilitary forces" in India has not been defined in any acts or by authorities officially, however they are currently used to refer to following forces.
The Partition of India was the division of British India in 1947 which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan.
Pathankot is a city in the Punjab state of India.
Patiala is a city in southeastern Punjab, northwestern India.
The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC).
Pinaka is a multiple rocket launcher produced in India and developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for the Indian Army.
A platoon is a military unit typically composed of two or more squads/sections/patrols.
Pokhran-II was the series of five nuclear bomb test explosions conducted by India at the Indian Army's Pokhran Test Range in May 1998.
The Poona Horse is an armoured regiment in the Armoured Corps of the Indian Army.
The Portuguese Navy (Marinha Portuguesa, also known as Marinha de Guerra Portuguesa or as Armada Portuguesa) is the naval branch of the Portuguese Armed Forces which, in cooperation and integrated with the other branches of the Portuguese military, is charged with the military defense of Portugal.
Prahaar (Strike) is a solid-fuel rocket surface-to-surface guided short-range tactical ballistic missile for battlefield use developed by DRDO of India.
The President of the Republic of India is the head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.
In India, President's rule refers to suspension of state government and imposition of direct Central Government rule in a state.
Press Trust of India (PTI) is the largest news agency in India.
A princely state, also called native state (legally, under the British) or Indian state (for those states on the subcontinent), was a vassal state under a local or regional ruler in a subsidiary alliance with the British Raj.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
A prisoner-of-war camp is a site for the containment of enemy combatants captured by a belligerent power in time of war.
Pune, formerly spelled Poona (1857–1978), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Maharashtra, after Mumbai.
The Punjab Boundary Force was an ad hoc military force to restore law and order during the communal carnages of the partition of India in the Punjab.
The Punjab Regiment is one of the oldest regiments still in service in the Indian Army, and is the most senior regional infantry regiment.
Rajasthan (literally, "Land of Kings") is India's largest state by area (or 10.4% of India's total area).
Rajouri or Rajauri is a town and a municipal council in Rajouri district in Jammu and Kashmir.
The Rajput Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army.
The Rajputana Rifles is the one of the most senior rifle regiments of the Indian Army.
This article is about the city.
Lieutenant General Ranbir Singh, AVSM**, YSM, SM is the current General Officer Commander-in-Chief (GOC-in-C), Northern Command of the Indian Army and assumed office on 1 June 2018.
Ranchi is the capital of the Indian state of Jharkhand.
Rangiya or Rangia (Pron: ˈræŋˌgɪə) is a town and a municipal board in Kamrup rural district in the Indian state of Assam.
Ranikhet is a hill station and cantonment town in Almora district in the Indian state of Uttarakhand.
RAPID is a high-level programming language used to control ABB industrial robots.
Rash Behari Bose (রাসবিহারী বসু Rashbihari Boshu; 25 May 188621 January 1945) was an Indian revolutionary leader against the British Raj and was one of the key organisers of the Ghadar Mutiny and later the Indian National Army.
The Rashtriya Indian Military College (RIMC) is a public school for boys situated in Doon Valley, Dehradun in India.
The Rashtriya Rifles or RR (Hindi: राष्ट्रीय राइफल्स; rarely National Rifles if translated verbatim to English) is a branch of the Indian Army under the authority of the Indian Ministry of Defence.
The Regiment of Artillery is an operational arm (a regiment/corps) of the Indian Army.
The Rifle Factory Ishapore (also known as Ishapore Arsenal) is an arms manufacturing unit located at Ishapore, in the Barrackpore subdivision of the state of West Bengal in India.
Roorkee (Rūṛkī) is a city in North India and a Municipal Corporation in the Haridwar district of state Uttarakhand, India.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
General Sir (Francis Robert) Roy Bucher (31 August 1895 – 5 January 1980) was a British soldier who became the second Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army and the final non-Indian to hold the top post of the Indian Army after Partition.
The Royal Regiment of Indian Artillery, generally known as the Royal Indian Artillery (RIA), was an administrative corps of the British Indian Army.
The Royal Indian Navy (RIN) was the naval force of British India and the Dominion of India.
The Royal Indian Navy revolt (also called the Royal Indian Navy mutiny or Bombay mutiny) encompasses a total strike and subsequent revolt by Indian sailors of the Royal Indian Navy on board ship and shore establishments at Bombay harbour on 18 February 1946.
The Royal Military College (RMC), founded in 1801 and established in 1802 at Great Marlow and High Wycombe in Buckinghamshire, England, but moved in October 1812 to Sandhurst, Berkshire, was a British Army military academy for training infantry and cavalry officers of the British and Indian Armies.
Sabathu is a cantonment town in Solan district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.
Sagar (Saugor), is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in central India.
Saltoro Kangri is the highest peak of the Saltoro Mountains, also known as the Saltoro Range, which is a part of the Karakoram.
Field Marshal Sam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Manekshaw, MC (3 April 1914 – 27 June 2008), popularly known as Sam Bahadur ("Sam the Brave"), was the Chief of the Army Staff of the Indian Army during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, and the first Indian Army officer to be promoted to the rank of field marshal.
The Samba Military Spy Scandal'The Indian Army's Darkest Chapter' was a cold war military intelligence program which eventually emerged as a scandal in 1979.
The Second Anglo-Afghan War (د افغان-انګرېز دويمه جګړه) was a military conflict fought between the British Raj and the Emirate of Afghanistan from 1878 to 1880, when the latter was ruled by Sher Ali Khan of the Barakzai dynasty, the son of former Emir Dost Mohammad Khan.
The Second Anglo-Sikh War was a military conflict between the Sikh Empire and the British East India Company that took place in 1848 and 1849.
The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.
The Second Opium War (第二次鴉片戰爭), the Second Anglo-Chinese War, the Second China War, the Arrow War, or the Anglo-French expedition to China, was a war pitting the United Kingdom and the French Empire against the Qing dynasty of China, lasting from 1856 to 1860.
A section is a military sub-subunit.
Secunderabad (also spelled sometimes as Sikandar-a-bad) is the twin city of Hyderabad located in the Indian state of Telangana.
This article is about the Sena Medal, an Indian Military decoration. 'SM' redirects here The Sena Medal is awarded to members of the Indian army, of all ranks, "for such individual acts of exceptional devotion to duty or courage as have special significance for the Army." Awards may be made posthumously and a bar is authorized for subsequent awards of the Sena Medal.
Service Dress was the new style of khaki uniform introduced by the British Army for use in the field from the early 1900s, following the experiences of a number of imperial wars and conflicts, including the Second Boer War.
The Shaurya missile is a canister launched hypersonic surface-to-surface tactical missile developed by the Indian Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for use by the Indian Armed Forces.
The Shaurya Chakra is an Indian military decoration awarded for valour, courageous action or self-sacrifice while not engaged in direct action with the enemy.
Shillong (Khasi: Shillong) is a hill station in the northeastern part of India and the capital of Meghalaya, which means "The Abode of Clouds" and is one of the smallest states in India.
Shimla, also known as Simla, is the capital and the largest city of the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.
Sia La is a mountain pass situated on Saltoro Ridge, some north-northwest of map point NJ9842 which defined the end of the 1972 Line of Control between India and Pakistan as part of the Simla Agreement.
The Siachen Glacier (Hindi: सियाचिन ग्लेशियर, Urdu: سیاچن گلیشیر) is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas at about, just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan ends.
A sightline (also sight line) or visual axis is a normally unobstructed line of sight between an intended observer (or spectator) and a subject of interest, such as a stage, arena, or monument.
A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a person associated with Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that originated in the 15th century based on the revelation of Guru Nanak.
The Sikh Light Infantry, previously known as The Mazabhi and Ramdasia Sikh Regiment, is a light infantry regiment of the Indian Army.
The Sikh Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army that recruits from the Sikh community.
Sikkim is a state in Northeast India.
The Sikkim Scouts is a regiment of the Indian Army based in and recruited from the state of Sikkim.
Siliguri is a city which spans areas of the Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts in the Indian state of West Bengal.
The Simla Agreement (or Shimla Agreement) was signed between India and Pakistan on 2 July 1972 in Simla, the capital city of Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.
The South Western Command of the Indian Army was established on 15 April 2005 and became fully operational on 15 August 2005.
Southern Command is a formation of the Indian Army, active since 1895.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Special forces and special operations forces are military units trained to conduct special operations.
Sri Ganganagar (SGNR) is a planned city and the northern-most city of the Indian state of Rajasthan, near the borders of Rajasthan and Punjab states and the international border of India and Pakistan.
Srinagar is the largest city and the summer capital of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The term status quo ante bellum (often shortened to status quo ante) is a Latin phrase meaning "the state existing before the war".
The Strategic Forces Command (SFC) sometimes called Strategic Nuclear Command, forms part of India's Nuclear Command Authority (NCA).
Subhas Chandra Bose (23 January 1897 – 18 August 1945) was an Indian nationalist whose defiant patriotism made him a hero in India, but whose attempt during World War II to rid India of British rule with the help of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan left a troubled legacy.
Lieutenant General Surinder Singh, AVSM & Bar, VSM is the current General Officer Commander-in-Chief (GOC-in-C), Western Command of the Indian Army and assumed office on 17 September 2016.
Sardar Swaran Singh was an Indian politician.
Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.
The Tashkent Declaration was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan signed on 10 January 1966 that resolved the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
The TATA Kestrel is a modern armoured personnel carrier developed by Tata Motors and the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
Tata Motors Limited (formerly TELCO, short for Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company) headquartered in Mumbai, is an Indian multinational automotive manufacturing company and a member of the Tata Group.
The Indian Territorial Army (TA) is a second line of defence after the Regular Indian Army; it is not a profession, occupation or a source of employment.
Tezpur is a city and urban agglomeration in Sonitpur district, Assam state, India.
The Garhwal Rifles is one of the most decorated infantry regiments of the Indian Army.
The Grenadiers is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army, formerly part of the Bombay Army and later the pre-independence British Indian Army, when the regiment was known as the 4th Bombay Grenadiers.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.
The Third Anglo-Afghan War (د افغان-انګرېز درېمه جګړه), also referred to as the Third Afghan War, began on 6 May 1919 when the Emirate of Afghanistan invaded British India and ended with an armistice on 8 August 1919.
Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
A tunic is any of several types of garment for the body, usually simple in style, reaching from the shoulders to a length somewhere between the hips and the ankles.
Udhampur (ˌʊd̪ʱəmpur) is a city and a municipal council in Udhampur District in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The United Jihad Council, also known as the Muttahida Jihad Council (MJC), is an umbrella organisation formed by the Pakistan Army for unified command and control over the anti-Indian militant groups operating in Jammu and Kashmir.
The United States Army Pacific (USARPAC) is an Army Service Component Command (ASCC) of the United States Army and is the army component unit of the United States Indo-Pacific Command.
United States Indo-Pacific Command (USINDOPACOM) is a unified combatant command of the United States Armed Forces responsible for the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.
Uttam Yudh Seva Medal (UYSM) is one of India's military decorations for Wartime Distinguished Service.
Uttar Pradesh (IAST: Uttar Pradeś) is a state in northern India.
Uttarakhand, officially the State of Uttarakhand (Uttarākhaṇḍ Rājya), formerly known as Uttaranchal, is a state in the northern part of India.
Vengalil Krishnan Krishna Menon (3 May 1896 – 6 October 1974) was an Indian nationalist, diplomat, and politician, described by some as the second most powerful man in India, after his ally, 1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru.
Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel (31 October 1875 – 15 December 1950), popularly known as Sardar Patel, was the first Deputy Prime Minister of India.
Varanasi, also known as Benares, Banaras (Banāras), or Kashi (Kāśī), is a city on the banks of the Ganges in the Uttar Pradesh state of North India, south-east of the state capital, Lucknow, and east of Allahabad.
The Vice Chief of the Army Staff (VCOAS) is second in command of the Indian Army next to Chief of the Army Staff.
Vir Chakra is an Indian gallantry award presented for acts of bravery on the battlefield.
Vishisht Seva Medal (VSM) is a decoration of the Indian armed forces.
A volunteer military or all-volunteer military is one which derives its manpower from volunteers rather than conscription or mandatory service.
War is a state of armed conflict between states, societies and informal groups, such as insurgents and militias.
Wellington is a cantonment town in the Nilgiris District of Tamil Nadu.
West Bengal (Paśchimbāṅga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.
Western Command is a formation of the Indian Army, active since 1947.
A world war, is a large-scale war involving many of the countries of the world or many of the most powerful and populous ones.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
X Corps is a corps of the Indian Army.
The XI Corps of the Indian Army is based in Jalandhar and is a part of Western Command.
XII Corps is a corps of the Indian Army.
XIV Corps is a corps of the Indian Army.
XV Corps was first established in 1942, as part of the British Indian Army, during World War II.
The XVI Corps is a corps of the Indian Army raised on 1 June 1972.
XVII Corps of Indian army is the first mountain strike corps of India which has been built as a quick reaction force and as well as counter offensive force against China along LAC.
XXI Corps is a corps-sized formation of the Indian Army.
XXXIII Corps is a corps of the Indian Army.
Yol is a cantonment town in Kangra district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.
The Yudh Seva Medal is one of India's military decorations for distinguished service during wartime.
1 Gorkha Rifles is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army composed of Gurkha soldiers of Nepalese origin.
The 10th Indian Infantry Division was a war formed infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II.
11 Gorkha Rifles is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army comprising Gurkha soldiers of Nepalese origin that was re-raised after independence.
The 11th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II.
The 12th Indian Infantry Division is a division of the Indian Army.
The 14th Prince of Wales's Own Scinde Horse was a regular cavalry regiment of the Bombay Army, and later British Indian Army, it can trace its formation back to The Scinde Irregular Horse raised at Hyderabad on 8 August 1838.
The 15th Lancers (Baloch) is an armoured regiment of the Pakistan Army.
The 16th Light Cavalry is a regiment of the Armoured Corps, a primary combat arm of the Indian Army.
The 17th Infantry Division is a formation of the Indian Army.
The 18th King Edward's Own Cavalry was a regular cavalry regiment in the British Indian Army.
The 1915 Singapore Mutiny, also known as the 1915 Sepoy Mutiny or the Mutiny of the 5th Light Infantry, was a mutiny involving up to half of a regiment of 850 sepoys (Indian soldiers) against the British in Singapore during the First World War, linked with the 1915 Ghadar Conspiracy.
The genocide in Bangladesh began on 26 March 1971 with the launch of Operation Searchlight, as West Pakistan began a military crackdown on the Eastern wing of the nation to suppress Bengali calls for self-determination rights.
The 1988 Maldives coup d'état was the attempt by a group of Maldivians led by Abdullah Luthufi and assisted by armed mercenaries of a Tamil secessionist organisation from Sri Lanka, the People's Liberation Organisation of Tamil Eelam (PLOTE), to overthrow the government in the island republic of Maldives.
The 19th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II, and played a prominent part in the final part of the Burma Campaign.
The 1st Armoured Division is an armoured division of the Indian Army.
The 1st Commonwealth Division was the name given, after July 1951, to Commonwealth land forces in the Korean War.
The 1st Horse (Skinner's Horse) is a cavalry regiment of the Indian Army, which served in the British Indian Army before independence.
The 20th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II, formed in India, and took part in the Burma Campaign during World War II.
The 21st Indian Infantry Division was a division of the Indian Army during World War II.
The 23rd Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II.
The 25th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II which fought in the Burma Campaign.
The 26th Indian Infantry Division, was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II.
The 2nd Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II created for deception purposes in order to control Line of Communications and Sub-area formations within Persia and Iraq Command.
The 2nd Lancers (Gardner's Horse) is one of the oldest and most highly decorated armoured regiments of the Indian Army.
3 Gorkha Rifles is an Indian Army infantry regiment comprising Gurkha soldiers of Nepalese origin.
The 31st Indian Armoured Division was an armoured division of the Indian Army during World War II, formed in 1940, originally as the 1st Indian Armoured Division; it consisted of units of the British Army and the British Indian Army.
33rd Armoured Division, based at Hisar Military Station, is part of I Corps "Strike Corp" of Indian Army.
The 36th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II.
39th Indian Infantry Division (originally the 1st Burma Division) was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II, which became a Training Division in 1943 after its recovery into India from Burma.
The 3rd Cavalry is a cavalry regiment of the Indian Army formed from the 5th and 8th Cavalry regiments in 1922.
4 Gorkha Rifles is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army comprising Gurkha soldiers of Indian and Nepalese nationality, especially Magars and Gurungs hill tribes of Nepal.
45 Cavalry is an armoured regiment in the Armoured Corps of the Indian Army.
4th Horse (Hodson's Horse) is a cavalry regiment of the Indian Army which originated as part of the British Indian Army.
The 4th Indian Infantry Division, also known as the Red Eagle Division, is the infantry division name the Indian Army retained after the present India adopted its entire rank and structure from its parent Army, the British Army.
5 Gorkha Rifles (Frontier Force) is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army comprising Gurkha soldiers of Indian and Nepalese origin.
The 50th Parachute Brigade is a brigade-sized formation of the Indian Army, first formed in 1941.
The 5th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II that fought in several theatres of war and was nicknamed the "Ball of Fire".
The 6th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II, created on 1 March 1941 in Secunderabad.
The 7th Light Cavalry previously the 28th Light Cavalry, was a regular army cavalry regiment in the British Indian Army.
8 Gorkha Rifles is a Gorkha regiment of the Indian Army comprising Gurkha soldiers of Nepalese origin.
The 8th Mountain Division was raised as the 8th Indian Infantry division of the British Indian Army.
The 8th King George's Own Light Cavalry was formed in 1922 by the amalgamation of the 26th King George's Own Light Cavalry and the 30th Lancers following a re-organisation of the Indian Cavalry Corps.
9 Gorkha Rifles is a Gorkha regiment of the Indian Army comprising Gurkha soldiers of Nepalese origin.
The Deccan Horse or 9 Horse is one of the oldest and most decorated armoured regiments of the Indian Army, which was a regular cavalry regiment of the British Indian Army, the Royal Deccan Horse.
The 9th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II.