85 relations: Alekhine's Defence, Alexander Alekhine, Anatoly Karpov, Aron Nimzowitsch, Ashot Nadanian, Baden-Baden, Benko Gambit, Benoni Defense, Black Knights' Tango, Blumenfeld Gambit, Bobby Fischer, Bogo-Indian Defence, Boris Spassky, Brahman, Budapest Gambit, Carlos Torre Repetto, Catalan Opening, Checkmate, Chess, Chess endgame, Chess opening, Chessgames.com, Colle System, David Bronstein, Double check, Doubled pawns, Draw (chess), East Indian Defence, Edward Winter (chess historian), Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, English Defence, Ernst Grünfeld, Everyman Chess, Fianchetto, Gambit, Garry Kasparov, Grünfeld Defence, Hans Kmoch, Hypermodernism (chess), Imre König, Indian Defence, Isaac Boleslavsky, James Plaskett, John Cochrane (chess player), Julian Hodgson, King's Indian Attack, King's Indian Defence, King's Indian Defence, Four Pawns Attack, List of chess openings, List of chess openings named after places, ..., London System, Mark Hebden, Marshall Defense, Mikhail Chigorin, Mikhail Tal, Mir Sultan Khan, Modern Benoni, Modern Chess Openings, Moheschunder Bannerjee, Neo-Indian Attack, Nimzo-Indian Defence, Old Indian Defense, Paul Keres, Philip Walsingham Sergeant, Polish Defense, Queen's Gambit, Queen's Gambit Declined, Queen's Indian Defense, Queen's Pawn Game, Raymond Keene, Richard Réti, Richter–Veresov Attack, Sacrifice (chess), Samuel Reshevsky, Savielly Tartakower, Siegbert Tarrasch, Slav Defense, The Oxford Companion to Chess, Tim Harding (chess player), Torre Attack, Transposition (chess), Trompowsky Attack, Vasily Smyslov, Wiener Schachzeitung, World Chess Championship 1972. Expand index (35 more) » « Shrink index
Alekhine's Defence is a chess opening which begins with the moves: Black tempts White's pawns forward to form a broad pawn centre, with plans to undermine and attack the white structure later in the spirit of hypermodern defence.
Alexander Alekhine (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin;; March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion.
Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion.
Aron Nimzowitsch (Ārons Nimcovičs, Аро́н Иса́евич Нимцо́вич, Aron Isayevich Nimtsovich; born Aron Niemzowitsch; 7 November 1886 – 16 March 1935) was a Russian-born, Danish leading chess grandmaster and influential chess writer.
Ashot Nadanian (sometimes transliterated as Nadanyan; Աշոտ Նադանյան; born September 19, 1972) is an Armenian chess International Master (1997), chess theoretician and chess coach.
Baden-Baden is a spa town located in the state of Baden-Württemberg in southwestern Germany.
The Benko Gambit (or Volga Gambit) is a chess opening characterised by the move 3...b5 in the Benoni Defence arising after: The Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings has three codes for the Benko Gambit.
The Benoni Defense is a chess opening characterized by the moves: Black can then sacrifice a pawn with 3...b5 (the Benko Gambit), otherwise 3...e6 is the most common move (although 3...d6 or 3...g6 are also seen, typically transposing to main lines).
The Black Knights' Tango (also known as the Mexican Defense or Kevitz–Trajkovic Defense) is a chess opening beginning with the moves: This position can also be reached by transposition, for example 1.c4 Nf6, 1.d4 Nc6, or 1.c4 Nc6.
The Blumenfeld Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the moves 3...e6 4.Nf3 b5 in the Benoni Defense arising after: or alternatively: In fact, as many as 30 different move orders are possible.
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.
The Bogo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The position arising after 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 is common.
Boris Vasilievich Spassky (Бори́с Васи́льевич Спа́сский; born January 30, 1937) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
In Hinduism, Brahman connotes the highest Universal Principle, the Ultimate Reality in the universe.P. T. Raju (2006), Idealistic Thought of India, Routledge,, page 426 and Conclusion chapter part XII In major schools of Hindu philosophy, it is the material, efficient, formal and final cause of all that exists.For dualism school of Hinduism, see: Francis X. Clooney (2010), Hindu God, Christian God: How Reason Helps Break Down the Boundaries between Religions, Oxford University Press,, pages 51–58, 111–115;For monist school of Hinduism, see: B. Martinez-Bedard (2006), Types of Causes in Aristotle and Sankara, Thesis – Department of Religious Studies (Advisors: Kathryn McClymond and Sandra Dwyer), Georgia State University, pages 18–35 It is the pervasive, genderless, infinite, eternal truth and bliss which does not change, yet is the cause of all changes. Brahman as a metaphysical concept is the single binding unity behind diversity in all that exists in the universe. Brahman is a Vedic Sanskrit word, and it is conceptualized in Hinduism, states Paul Deussen, as the "creative principle which lies realized in the whole world". Brahman is a key concept found in the Vedas, and it is extensively discussed in the early Upanishads.Stephen Philips (1998), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Brahman to Derrida (Editor; Edward Craig), Routledge,, pages 1–4 The Vedas conceptualize Brahman as the Cosmic Principle. In the Upanishads, it has been variously described as Sat-cit-ānanda (truth-consciousness-bliss) and as the unchanging, permanent, highest reality. Brahman is discussed in Hindu texts with the concept of Atman (Soul, Self), personal, impersonal or Para Brahman, or in various combinations of these qualities depending on the philosophical school. In dualistic schools of Hinduism such as the theistic Dvaita Vedanta, Brahman is different from Atman (soul) in each being.Michael Myers (2000), Brahman: A Comparative Theology, Routledge,, pages 124–127 In non-dual schools such as the Advaita Vedanta, Brahman is identical to the Atman, is everywhere and inside each living being, and there is connected spiritual oneness in all existence.Arvind Sharma (2007), Advaita Vedānta: An Introduction, Motilal Banarsidass,, pages 19–40, 53–58, 79–86.
The Budapest Gambit (or Budapest Defence) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: Despite an early debut in 1896, the Budapest Gambit received attention from leading players only after a win as Black by Grandmaster Milan Vidmar over Akiba Rubinstein in 1918.
Carlos Jesús Torre Repetto (29 November 1904Hooper/Whyld, Gaige say 1905. in Mérida, Yucatán – 19 March 1978 in Mérida, Yucatán) was a chess grandmaster from Mexico.
The Catalan is a chess opening where White adopts a combination of the Queen's Gambit and Réti Opening: White plays d4 and c4 and fianchettoes the white bishop on g2.
Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check (threatened with) and there is no way to remove the threat.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
Chessgames.com is an Internet chess community with over 224,000 members.
The Colle System, also known as the Colle–Koltanowski system, is a chess opening strategy for White introduced by Belgian Edgard Colle in the 1920s, and further developed by George Koltanowski.
David Ionovich Bronstein (Дави́д Ио́нович Бронште́йн; February 19, 1924 – December 5, 2006) was a Soviet chess grandmaster, who narrowly missed becoming World Chess Champion in 1951.
In chess, a double check is a check delivered by two pieces simultaneously.
In chess, doubled pawns are two pawns of the same color residing on the same file.
In chess, a draw is the result of a game ending in a tie.
The East Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves.
Edward Winter (born 1955) is an English chess journalist, archivist, historian, collector and author.
The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings is a classification system for the opening moves in chess.
The English Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves.
---- Ernst Franz Grünfeld (November 21, 1893 – April 3, 1962) was a leading Austrian chess grandmaster and chess writer, mainly on opening theory.
Everyman Chess, formerly known as Cadogan Chess, is a major publisher of books and CDs about chess.
In chess, the fianchetto ("little flank") is a pattern of development wherein a bishop is developed to the second rank of the adjacent knight file, the knight pawn having been moved one or two squares forward.
A gambit (from ancient Italian gambetto, meaning "to trip") is a chess opening in which a player, more often White, sacrifices, usually a pawn, with the hope of achieving a resulting advantageous position.
Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.
The Grünfeld Defence (ECO codes D70–D99) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black offers White the possibility of cxd5, when after Nxd5 White further gets the opportunity to kick the Black Knight around with e4, leading to an imposing central pawn duo for White.
Johann "Hans" Joseph Kmoch (July 25, 1894 in Vienna – February 13, 1973 in New York City) was an Austrian-Dutch-American chess International Master (1950), International Arbiter (1951), and a chess journalist and author, for which he is best known.
Hypermodernism is a school of chess that emerged after World War I. It featured challenges to the chess ideas of central European masters, including Wilhelm Steinitz's approach to the centre and the rules established by Siegbert Tarrasch.
Imre König (Koenig) aka Mirko Kenig (Sept 2, 1901, Gyula, Hungary – 1992, Santa Monica, California) was a Hungarian chess master.
In the game of chess, Indian defence is a broad term for a group of openings characterised by the moves: They are all to varying degrees hypermodern defences, where Black invites White to establish an imposing presence in the centre with the plan of undermining and ultimately destroying it.
Isaac Yefremovich Boleslavsky (Ісаак Єфремович Болеславський, Исаак Ефремович Болеславский; June 9, 1919 in Zolotonosha, Ukraine – February 15, 1977 in Minsk) was a Soviet chess grandmaster.
Harold James Plaskett (born Dhekelia, Cyprus, 18 March 1960) was British Chess Champion in 1990, and was awarded the International Grandmaster title in 1985.
John Cochrane (1798 – 2 March 1878) was a Scottish chess master and lawyer.
Julian Michael "Jules" Hodgson (born 25 July 1963) is a British International Grandmaster and former British Chess Champion.
The King's Indian Attack (or KIA), also known as the Barcza System (after Gedeon Barcza), is a chess opening system for White.
The King's Indian Defence is a common chess opening.
The Four Pawns Attack in the King's Indian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White immediately builds up a large in order to gain a advantage.
This is a list of chess openings, organized by the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings code.
The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants.
The London System is a chess opening that usually arises after 1.d4 and 2.Bf4 or 2.Nf3 & 3.Bf4.
Mark Lesland Hebden (born 15 February 1958 in Leicester) is an English chess player who holds the title Grandmaster.
The Marshall Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Marshall Defense is a fairly dubious variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined.
Mikhail Ivanovich Chigorin (also Tchigorin; Михаи́л Ива́нович Чиго́рин; –) was a leading Russian chess player.
Mikhail Nekhemyevich Tal (Mihails Tāls; Михаил Нехемьевич Таль, Mikhail Nekhem'evich Tal,; sometimes transliterated Mihails Tals or Mihail Tal; 9 November 1936 – 28 June 1992) was a Soviet Latvian chess Grandmaster and the eighth World Chess Champion (from 1960 to 1961).
Malik Mir Sultan Khan (1905 – 25 April 1966) was the strongest chess master of his time from Asia.
The Modern Benoni is a chess opening that begins with the moves 1.
Modern Chess Openings (usually called) is an important reference book on chess openings, first published in 1911 by the British players Richard Clewin Griffith (1872–1955) and John Herbert White (1880–1920).
Moheschunder Bannerjee (Bengali: মহেশচন্দ্র বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়, fl. 1850) or Mahesh Chandra Banerjee was a strong chess player from Bengal, many hundred of whose games survive through the writings of John Cochrane, who regularly played Bannerjee between 1848 and 1860, during Cochrane's tenure at the Calcutta bar.
The Neo-Indian Attack is a chess opening that begins with the moves: This opening is also known as the Seirawan Attack, after top 1980s player Yasser Seirawan.
The Nimzo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Other move orders, such as 1.c4 e6 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.d4 Bb4, are also feasible.
The Old Indian Defense is a chess opening defined by the moves: This opening is distinguished from the King's Indian Defense in that Black develops his on e7 rather than by fianchetto on g7.
Paul Keres (January 7, 1916June 5, 1975) was an Estonian chess grandmaster and chess writer.
Philip Walsingham Sergeant (27 January 1872, Notting Hill, LondonBirths, Marriages and Deaths – 20 October 1952) was a British professional writer on chess and popular historical subjects.
The Polish Defense is the name commonly given to one of several sequences of chess opening moves characterized by an early...b5 by Black.
The Queen's Gambit is a chess opening that starts with the moves: The Queen's Gambit is one of the oldest known chess openings.
The Queen's Gambit Declined (or QGD) is a chess opening in which Black declines a pawn offered by White in the Queen's Gambit: This is known as the Orthodox Line of the Queen's Gambit Declined.
The Queen's Indian Defense (QID) is a chess opening defined by the moves: The opening is a solid defense to the Queen's Pawn Game.
The Queen's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move: It is the second most popular opening move after 1.e4.
Raymond Dennis Keene OBE (born 29 January 1948) is an English chess Grandmaster, a FIDE International Arbiter, a chess organiser, and a journalist and author.
Richard Selig Réti (28 May 1889, Bösing, now Pezinok – 6 June 1929, Prague) was an Austro-Hungarian, later Czechoslovak chess grandmaster, chess author, and composer of endgame studies.
The Richter–Veresov Attack (or Veresov Opening) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: It is also often reached by transposition, for example 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nc3 d5 3.Bg5 (the most common move order), 1.d4 Nf6 2.Bg5 d5 3.Nc3, or 1.Nc3 Nf6 2.d4 d5 3.Bg5.
In chess, a sacrifice is a move giving up a piece with the objective of gaining tactical or positional compensation in other forms.
Samuel Herman Reshevsky (born Szmul Rzeszewski; November 26, 1911 – April 4, 1992) was a Polish chess prodigy and later a leading American chess grandmaster.
Ksawery Tartakower (also known as Saviely or Savielly Tartakower in English, less often Xavier Tartacover or Xavier Tartakover; 1887–1956) was a leading Polish and French chess grandmaster.
Siegbert Tarrasch (5 March 1862 – 17 February 1934) was one of the strongest chess players and most influential chess teachers of the late 19th and early 20th century.
The Slav Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Slav is one of the primary defenses to the Queen's Gambit.
The Oxford Companion to Chess is a reference book on the game of chess, written by David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld.
Timothy David (Tim) Harding (born 6 May 1948 in London) is a chess player and author with particular expertise in correspondence chess.
The Torre Attack is a chess opening characterized by the moves: or the Tartakower Variation in the Queen's Pawn Game (ECO code D03): or the Torre Attack in the East Indian Defence (ECO code A48): or the Torre Attack in the Indian Defence (ECO code A47).
A transposition in chess and other chess-like games is a sequence of moves that results in a position which may also be reached by another, more common sequence of moves.
The Trompowsky Attack is a chess opening that begins with the moves: With his second move, White intends to exchange his bishop for Black's knight, inflicting doubled pawns upon Black in the process.
Vasily Vasilyevich Smyslov (Василий Васильевич Смыслов; 24 March 1921 – 27 March 2010) was a Soviet and Russian chess grandmaster, who was World Chess Champion from 1957 to 1958.
Wiener Schachzeitung (or Wiener Schach-Zeitung, "Viennese Chess Bulletin") was the name of several Austrian chess periodicals published in Vienna between 1855 and 1949.
The World Chess Championship 1972 was a match for the World Chess Championship between challenger Bobby Fischer of the United States and defending champion Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union.
A45 Queen's Pawn: Indian, Barry Attack, D4 Nf6, D4Nf6, Indian Defense, Indian Defenses, Indian defence, Indian defences, Indian defense, Indian system, Indian systems, Kudischewitsch Gambit, Kudischewitsch gambit, Paleface attack, Slav Indian Defence.