228 relations: A. M. Azahari, Abdul Haris Nasution, Abdul Razak Hussein, Act of Free Choice, Ahmad Yani, Ahmad Zaidi Adruce, Alec Douglas-Home, Andrew Gilchrist, Assault pioneer, Associated Press, Australian Army, Australian Defence Force, Australian War Memorial, Bandung Conference, Bangkok, Battle of Long Jawai, Battle of Plaman Mapu, BBC, Black propaganda, Blackburn Beverley, Bong Kee Chok, Borneo, Bren light machine gun, Brigade of Gurkhas, Brinkmanship, Bristol Belvedere, British Armed Forces, British Borneo, British Protectorate, Brunei, Brunei People's Party, Brunei revolt, Cabinet Office, Central Intelligence Agency, Changi Air Base, Charles Vyner Brooke, Chinese Indonesians, Chinese people, Cipher, Clandestine cell system, Cobbold Commission, Cold War, Colonial Office, Colony of Singapore, Combat operations in 1963 during the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation, Combat operations in 1964 during the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation, Combat operations in 1965 during the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation, Commonwealth of Nations, Communism, Communist insurgency in Sarawak, ..., Communist Party of Indonesia, Company (military unit), Crown colony, Crown Colony of North Borneo, Crown Colony of Sarawak, D. N. Aidit, David Luce, Dayak people, Decolonization, Denis Healey, Diosdado Macapagal, Direct action (military), Duncan Stewart (British diplomat), East Kalimantan, East Malaysia, East of Suez, Far East Air Force (Royal Air Force), Far East Strategic Reserve, Federated state, Federation of Malaya, FN MAG, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, General Operations Force, Gloster Javelin, Government Communications Headquarters, Governor, Guard ship, Gurkha, Gurkha Independent Parachute Company, Handley Page Hastings, Hari Merdeka, Harold Macmillan, Harold Wilson, High commissioner, History of Brunei, History of Indonesia, History of Malaysia, HMS Albion (R07), HMS Bulwark (R08), HMS Victorious (R38), Hovercraft, Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung, Indonesia, Indonesian language, Indonesian mass killings of 1965–1966, Indonesian National Revolution, Infantry, Information Research Department, Intelligence assessment, Intelligence Corps (United Kingdom), Irredentism, Ismail Nasiruddin of Terengganu, Jakarta, Java, John F. Kennedy, John Simpson (British Army officer), Kalabakan, Kalimantan, Kelabit people, Keningau, Kill zone, Kingdom of Sarawak, Kuala Lumpur, Kundasang, L16 81mm mortar, L1A1 Self-Loading Rifle, Landing at Labis, Landing at Pontian, Larkspur radio system, Lee Kuan Yew, Left-wing politics, Leonardus Benjamin Moerdani, List of Sultans of Brunei, Lockheed C-130 Hercules, London, MacDonald House bombing, Malay language, Malay Peninsula, Malayan Emergency, Malays (ethnic group), Malaysia, Malaysia Agreement, Malaysia Day, Malaysian Chinese, Manila, Manila Accord, Maoism, Maphilindo, Merger (politics), Military history of Britain, Military history of New Zealand in Malaysia, Mustapha Harun, National service, Netherlands New Guinea, New Zealand Army, New Zealand Defence Force, New Zealand Special Air Service, Non-Aligned Movement, Norman Reddaway, North Borneo Federation, North Kalimantan Communist Party, Omar Ali Saifuddien III, Omar Dani, Operation Claret, Operation Trikora, Ordnance ML 3 inch mortar, OTO Melara Mod 56, Parachute Regiment (United Kingdom), Pathfinder Platoon, Peninsular Malaysia, Permesta, Philippines, Platoon, President of the Philippines, President of the United States, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Provinces of Indonesia, Psychological warfare, Putra of Perlis, RAF Chia Keng, Revolutionary Government of the Republic of Indonesia, Roulement, Royal Australian Engineers, Royal Corps of Signals, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment, Sabah, Sapulut, Sarawak Rangers, Sarawak United Peoples' Party, Scottish Aviation Pioneer, Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneer, Secret Intelligence Service, Secretary of State for Defence, Singapore, Soebandrio, Special Air Service, Special Air Service Regiment, Special Boat Service, Special forces, SR.N5, State (polity), Statue, Stephen Kalong Ningkan, Succession of states, Suharto, Sukarno, Sulu Archipelago, Tawau, Tawau Division, Tebedu, Tengah Air Base, The Age, The Independent, The New York Times, The Star (Malaysia), The Straits Times, The Sydney Morning Herald, Transition to the New Order, Tunku Abdul Rahman, Tunku Osman, Undeclared war, United Kingdom, United Nations, Varyl Begg, Vickers machine gun, Walter Walker (British Army officer), West Kalimantan, West New Guinea dispute, Westland Wessex, Westland Whirlwind (helicopter), White Rajahs, World War II, Yusof Ishak, 1964 race riots in Singapore, 28th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 30 September Movement, 6th Queen Elizabeth's Own Gurkha Rifles, 7th Duke of Edinburgh's Own Gurkha Rifles. Expand index (178 more) » « Shrink index
Sheikh Azahari bin Sheikh Mahmud (3 September 1928 – 20 April 2002), better known as A.M. Azahari, was a Brunei politician turned rebel.
Abdul Haris Nasution (3 December 1918 – 6 September 2000) was an Indonesian general who was twice appointed Army Chief of Staff and who escaped an assassination attempt during the 1965 coup attempt by 30 September Movement.
Tun Haji Abdul Razak bin Dato' Hussein,, (Jawi: عبدالرزاق حسین; b. 11 March 1922 – d. 14 January 1976) was the second Prime Minister of Malaysia, serving from 1970 to 1976.
The Act of Free Choice (Penentuan Pendapat Rakyat, PEPERA, Determination of the People's Opinion), often disparagingly referred to as the "Act of No Choice", was a series of eight regional assemblies from July to August 1969 by which Indonesia asserts that the Western New Guinea population decided to relinquish their sovereignty in favor of Indonesian citizenship.
General Ahmad Yani (19 June 1922 – 1 October 1965) was the commander of the Indonesian Army, and was killed by members of the 30 September Movement during an attempt to kidnap him from his house.
Tun Datuk Patinggi (Dr.) Haji Ahmad Zaidi Adruce bin Muhammed Noor was the fifth Yang di-Pertua Negeri Sarawak (Governor of Sarawak).
Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, Baron Home of the Hirsel, (2 July 1903 – 9 October 1995) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from October 1963 to October 1964.
Sir Andrew Graham Gilchrist (19 April 1910 – 6 March 1993) was a British Special Operations Executive operative who later served as the United Kingdom's Ambassador to Ireland, Indonesia, and Iceland during the Cold War.
An Assault Pioneer is an infantry soldier who is responsible for.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
The Australian Army is Australia's military land force.
The Australian Defence Force (ADF) is the military organisation responsible for the defence of Australia.
The Australian War Memorial is Australia's national memorial to the members of its armed forces and supporting organisations who have died or participated in wars involving the Commonwealth of Australia.
The first large-scale Asian–African or Afro–Asian Conference—also known as the Bandung Conference (Konferensi Asia-Afrika)—was a meeting of Asian and African states, most of which were newly independent, which took place on April 18–24, 1955 in Bandung, Indonesia.
Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand.
The Battle of Long Jawai was one of the earliest battles of the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation.
The Battle of Plaman Mapu (27 April 1965) was one of the largest battles of the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation, a protracted undeclared war between Indonesia and a British-led Commonwealth of Nations over the creation of a new Malaysian state.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Black propaganda is false information and material that purports to be from a source on one side of a conflict, but is actually from the opposing side.
The Blackburn B-101 Beverley was a 1950s British heavy transport aircraft built by Blackburn and General Aircraft and flown by squadrons of the Royal Air Force Transport Command from 1957 until 1967.
Bong Kee Chok (黄紀作; born 1937) is the main leader and member of the Clandestine Communist Organisation (CCO), also known as the North Kalimantan Communist Party (NKCP).
Borneo (Pulau Borneo) is the third largest island in the world and the largest in Asia.
The Bren gun, usually called simply the Bren, are a series of light machine guns (LMG) made by Britain in the 1930s and used in various roles until 1992.
Brigade of Gurkhas is the collective name which refers to all the units in the British Army that are composed of Nepalese Gurkha soldiers.
Brinkmanship (also brinksmanship) is the practice of trying to achieve an advantageous outcome by pushing dangerous events to the brink of active conflict.
The Bristol Type 192 Belvedere is a British twin-engine, tandem rotor military helicopter built by the Bristol Aeroplane Company.
The British Armed Forces, also known as Her/His Majesty's Armed Forces, are the military services responsible for the defence of the United Kingdom, its overseas territories and the Crown dependencies.
British Borneo comprised the four northern parts of the island of Borneo, which are now Brunei, Labuan, Sabah, and Sarawak.
British Protectorates were territories in which the British Crown exercised sovereign jurisdiction.
Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi), is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.
The Brunei People's Party (Parti Rakyat Brunei, PRB) is a banned political party in Brunei.
The Brunei revolt (Pemberontakan Brunei) was a December 1962 insurrection in the British protectorate of Brunei by opponents of its monarchy and its proposed inclusion in the Federation of Malaysia.
The Cabinet Office is a department of the Government of the United Kingdom responsible for supporting the Prime Minister and Cabinet of the United Kingdom.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
Changi Air Base or Changi Air Base (West) (Changi West Complex), formerly RAF Changi, is an airfield military airbase of the Republic of Singapore Air Force located at Changi, in the eastern tip of Singapore.
Vyner, Rajah of Sarawak, GCMG (Charles Vyner de Windt Brooke; 26 September 1874 – 9 May 1963) was the third and last White Rajah of Kingdom of Sarawak.
Chinese Indonesians (Indonesian: Orang Tionghoa-Indonesia) are Indonesians descended from various Chinese ethnic groups, primarily the Han Chinese.
Chinese people are the various individuals or ethnic groups associated with China, usually through ancestry, ethnicity, nationality, citizenship or other affiliation.
In cryptography, a cipher (or cypher) is an algorithm for performing encryption or decryption—a series of well-defined steps that can be followed as a procedure.
A clandestine cell system is a method for organizing a group of people such as resistance fighters, sleeper agents, or terrorists so that such people can more effectively resist penetration by an opposing organization (such as law enforcement).
The Cobbold Commission, was a Commission of Enquiry set up to determine whether the people of North Borneo (now Sabah) and Sarawak supported the proposal to create the Federation of Malaysia consisting of Malaya, Brunei, Singapore, North Borneo, and Sarawak.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
The Colonial Office was a government department of the Kingdom of Great Britain and later of the United Kingdom, first created to deal with the colonial affairs of British North America but needed also to oversee the increasing number of colonies of the British Empire.
The Colony of Singapore was a British Crown colony that existed from 1946 until 1963, when Singapore became part of Malaysia.
In April 1963, the first recorded infiltration and attack occurred in Borneo as part of the wider Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation.
The Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation began in early 1963 following Indonesia's opposition to the creation of Malaysia.
The Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation began in early 1963 following Indonesia's opposition to the creation of Malaysia.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
The Communist insurgency in Sarawak occurred in Malaysia from 1962 to 1990, and involved the North Kalimantan Communist Party and the Malaysian Government.
The Communist Party of Indonesia (Indonesian: Partai Komunis Indonesia, PKI) was a communist party in Indonesia that existed throughout the mid-20th century.
A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 80–150 soldiers and usually commanded by a major or a captain.
Crown colony, dependent territory and royal colony are terms used to describe the administration of United Kingdom overseas territories that are controlled by the British Government.
The Crown Colony of North Borneo was a British Crown colony on the island of Borneo established in 1946 shortly after the dissolution of the British Military Administration.
The Crown Colony of Sarawak was a British Crown colony on the island of Borneo established in 1946 shortly after the dissolution of the British Military Administration.
Dipa Nusantara Aidit (born Ahmad Aidit; 30 July 1923 – 22 November 1965) was a senior leader of the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI).
Admiral Sir John David Luce & Bar, (23 January 1906 – 6 January 1971) was a Royal Navy officer.
The Dayak or Dyak or Dayuh are the native people of Borneo.
Decolonization (American English) or decolonisation (British English) is the undoing of colonialism: where a nation establishes and maintains its domination over one or more other territories.
Denis Winston Healey, Baron Healey, (30 August 1917 – 3 October 2015) was a British Labour Party politician who served as Secretary of State for Defence from 1964 to 1970, Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1974 to 1979 and Deputy Leader of the Labour Party from 1980 to 1983.
Diosdado Pangan Macapagal (September 28, 1910 – April 21, 1997) was the ninth President of the Philippines, serving from 1961 to 1965, and the sixth Vice-President, serving from 1957 to 1961.
Direct action (DA) is a term used in the context of military special operations for small-scale raids, ambushes, sabotage or similar actions.
Duncan George Stewart (22 October 1904 – 10 December 1949) CMG was a British colonial administrator and Governor.
East Kalimantan (Indonesian) is a province of Indonesia.
East Malaysia (Malaysia Timur), also known as Sabah, Sarawak and Labuan (Sabah, Sarawak dan Labuan) or Malaysian Borneo, is the part of Malaysia on the island of Borneo, the world's third largest island.
The phrase East of Suez is used in British military and political discussions in reference to interests beyond the European theatre, and east of the Suez Canal—most notably its military base in Singapore—and may or may not include the Middle East.
The former Royal Air Force Far East Air Force, more simply known as RAF Far East Air Force, was the Command organisation that controlled all Royal Air Force assets in the east of Asia (Far East).
The British Commonwealth Far East Strategic Reserve (commonly referred to as the Far East Strategic Reserve or the FESR) was a joint military force of the British, Australian, and New Zealand armed forces.
A federated state (which may also be referred to by various terms such as a state, a province, a canton, a land) is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federation.
The Federation of Malaya (Persekutuan Tanah Melayu; Jawi: ڤرسكوتوان تانه ملايو) was a federation of 11 states (nine Malay states and two of the British Straits Settlements, Penang and Malacca)See: Cabinet Memorandum by the Secretary of State for the Colonies.
The FN MAG is a Belgian 7.62 mm general-purpose machine gun, designed in the early 1950s at Fabrique Nationale (FN) by Ernest Vervier.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), commonly called the Foreign Office, is a department of the Government of the United Kingdom.
The General Operations Force (Pasukan Gerakan Am; PGA, ''Jawi'': ڤاسوكن ڬرقن عام) is the light infantry arm of the Royal Malaysia Police.
The Gloster Javelin is a twin-engined T-tailed delta-wing subsonic night and all-weather interceptor aircraft that served with Britain's Royal Air Force from the mid-1950s until the late 1960s.
The Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) is an intelligence and security organisation responsible for providing signals intelligence (SIGINT) and information assurance to the government and armed forces of the United Kingdom.
A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state.
A guard ship is a warship assigned as a stationary guard in a port or harbour, as opposed to a coastal patrol boat which serves its protective role at sea.
The Gurkhas or Gorkhas with endonym Gorkhali (गोरखाली) are the soldiers of Nepalese nationality and ethnic Indian Gorkhas recruited in the British Army, Nepalese Army, Indian Army, Gurkha Contingent Singapore, Gurkha Reserve Unit Brunei, UN Peace Keeping force, and war zones around the world.
The Gurkha Independent Parachute Company was a unit of the British Brigade of Gurkas.
The Handley Page H.P.67 Hastings was a British troop-carrier and freight transport aircraft designed and built by the Handley Page Aircraft Company for the Royal Air Force.
Hari Merdeka (Malaysian for 'Independence Day'), also known as Hari Kebangsaan (National day), refers to the day when the Federation of Malaya's independence from the British Empire was officially declared.
Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, (10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1963.
James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and from 1974 to 1976.
High commissioner is the title of various high-ranking, special executive positions held by a commission of appointment.
The history of Brunei concerns the settlements and societies located on the north coast of the island of Borneo; the influence of Indianised kingdoms and empires for much of its history.
The history of Indonesia has been shaped by its geographic position, its natural resources, a series of human migrations and contacts, wars and conquests, as well as by trade, economics and politics.
Malaysia is a Southeast Asian country located on a strategic sea-lane that exposes it to global trade and foreign culture.
HMS Albion (R07), nicknamed "The Old Grey Ghost of the Borneo Coast", was a 22,000 ton light fleet carrier of the Royal Navy.
The sixth HMS Bulwark of the Royal Navy was a 22,000 tonne light fleet aircraft carrier.
HMS Victorious, ordered under the 1936 Naval Programme, was the third ''Illustrious''-class aircraft carrier after Illustrious and Formidable.
A hovercraft, also known as an air-cushion vehicle or ACV, is a craft capable of travelling over land, water, mud, ice, and other surfaces.
Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung (old spelling: Ide Anak Agoeng Gde Agoeng; 21 July 1921 – 22 April 1999) was the Raja of Gianyar.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia) is the official language of Indonesia.
The Indonesian mass killings of 1965–1966 (also variously known as the Indonesian massacres, Indonesian genocide, Indonesian Communist Purge, Indonesian politicide, or the 1965 Tragedy) were large-scale killings and civil unrest which occurred in Indonesia over several months, targeting communist sympathizers, ethnic Chinese and alleged leftists, often at the instigation of the armed forces and government.
The Indonesian National Revolution, or Indonesian War of Independence (Perang Kemerdekaan Indonesia; Indonesische Onafhankelijkheidsoorlog), was an armed conflict and diplomatic struggle between the Republic of Indonesia and the Dutch Empire and an internal social revolution during postwar and postcolonial Indonesia.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
The Information Research Department, founded in 1948 by Christopher Mayhew MP, was a department of the British Foreign Office set up to counter Soviet propaganda and infiltration, particularly amongst the western labour movement.
Intelligence assessment is the development of behavior forecasts or recommended courses of action to the leadership of an organisation, based on wide ranges of available overt and covert information.
The Intelligence Corps (Int Corps) is a corps of the British Army.
Irredentism is any political or popular movement that seeks to reclaim and reoccupy a land that the movement's members consider to be a "lost" (or "unredeemed") territory from their nation's past.
Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Zainal Abidin III KCMG (24 January 1907 – 20 September 1979) was the fourth Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia (roughly equivalent to King) of Malaysia, and the fifteenth Sultan of Terengganu.
Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
Brigadier John James Hope Simpson CBE (10 October 1927 – 7 March 2007) was a British Army officer who became Director SAS.
Kalabakan is a small township and also a parliamentary constituency in Sabah, Malaysia.
Kalimantan is the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo.
The Kelabit are an indigenous Dayak people of the Sarawak/North Kalimantan highlands of Borneo with a minority in the neighbouring state of Brunei.
Keningau (p) is the capital of the Keningau District in the Interior Division of Sabah, Malaysia.
In military tactics, the kill zone, also known as killing zone, is an area entirely covered by direct and effective fire, an element of ambush within which an approaching enemy force is trapped and destroyed.
The Kingdom of Sarawak (also known as the State of Sarawak) was a British protectorate located in the northwestern part of the island of Borneo.
Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur (Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur), or commonly known as KL, is the national capital of Malaysia as well as its largest city in the country.
Kundasang is a town in the district of Ranau in Sabah, Malaysia that lies along the bank of Kundasang Valley.
The United Kingdom's L16 81mm mortar is the standard mortar used by the British armed forces.
The L1A1 Self-Loading Rifle, also known as the SLR (Self-Loading Rifle), by the Canadian Army designation C1A1 (C1) or in the US as the "inch pattern" FAL.
The Landing at Labis was an airborne landing by Indonesian paratroopers on 2 September 1964 near Labis, Johore, Malaysia during the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation.
The Landing at Pontian (17 August 1964) was an amphibious landing made by a small body of Indonesian troops in the Pontian District of southwestern Malaysia.
Larkspur was the retrospectively adopted name of a tactical radio system used by the British Army.
Lee Kuan Yew GCMG CH SPMJ (16 September 1923 – 23 March 2015), commonly referred to by his initials LKY, was the first Prime Minister of Singapore, governing for three decades.
Left-wing politics supports social equality and egalitarianism, often in opposition to social hierarchy.
Leonardus Benjamin Moerdani (also publicly known as LB Moerdani or Benny Moerdani) (2 October 1932 – 29 August 2004) was the ABRI Commander from 1983 to 1988 and also served as Indonesia's Minister of Defense and Security.
The Sultan of Brunei is the head of state and absolute monarch of Brunei.
The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft designed and built originally by Lockheed (now Lockheed Martin).
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The MacDonald House bombing occurred on 10 March 1965, at the Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank building (now known as MacDonald House) along Orchard Road of Singapore, which was then part of Malaysia.
Malay (Bahasa Melayu بهاس ملايو) is a major language of the Austronesian family spoken in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.
The Malay Peninsula (Tanah Melayu, تانه ملايو; คาบสมุทรมลายู,, မလေး ကျွန်းဆွယ်, 马来半岛 / 馬來半島) is a peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The Malayan Emergency (Darurat Malaya) was a guerrilla war fought in pre- and post-independence Federation of Malaya, from 1948 until 1960.
Malays (Orang Melayu, Jawi: أورڠ ملايو) are an Austronesian ethnic group that predominantly inhabit the Malay Peninsula, eastern Sumatra and coastal Borneo, as well as the smaller islands which lie between these locations — areas that are collectively known as the Malay world.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
The Malaysia Agreement or the Agreement relating to Malaysia between United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Federation of Malaya, North Borneo, Sarawak and Singapore was the agreement which combined North Borneo, Sarawak, and Singapore with the existing states of the Federation of Malaya, the resulting union being named Malaysia.
Malaysia Day is held on 16 September every year to commemorate the establishment of the Malaysian federation on the same date in 1963.
The Malaysian Chinese consist of people of full or partial Chinese—particularly Han Chinese—ancestry who were born in or immigrated to Malaysia.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
The Manila Accord was signed on 31 July 1963 by the Federation of Malaya, the Republic of Indonesia and the Republic of the Philippines, after a meeting from 7 to 11 June 1963 in Manila.
Maoism, known in China as Mao Zedong Thought, is a political theory derived from the teachings of the Chinese political leader Mao Zedong, whose followers are known as Maoists.
The Greater Malayan Confederation, or Maphilindo (for '''Ma'''laysia, the '''Phil'''ippines, and '''Indo'''nesia), was a proposed, nonpolitical confederation of the three Southeast Asian countries.
A merger, consolidation or amalgamation, in a political or administrative sense, is the combination of two or more political or administrative entities, such as municipalities (in other words cities, towns, etc.), counties, districts, etc., into a single entity.
The Military history of Britain, including the military history of the United Kingdom and the military history of the island of Great Britain, is discussed in the following articles.
The New Zealand armed forces saw action in Malaysia throughout the 1950s and 1960s, first as part of the British Commonwealth response to the Malayan Emergency, and then in defence of Malaysia in the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation.
Tun Datu Haji Mustapha bin Datu Harun, or Tun Mustapha for short (31 July 1918 – 2 January 1995), was the first governor of the Malaysian state of Sabah.
National service is a system of either compulsory or voluntary government service, usually military service.
Netherlands New Guinea (Nederlands-Nieuw-Guinea) refers to the Papua region of Indonesia while it was an overseas territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1949 to 1962.
The New Zealand Army (Ngāti Tūmatauenga, "Tribe of the God of War") is the land component of the New Zealand Defence Force and comprises around 4,500 Regular Force personnel, 2,000 Territorial Force personnel and 500 civilians.
The New Zealand Defence Force (Maori: Te Ope Kaatua o Aotearoa, "Line of Defence of New Zealand") consists of three services: the Royal New Zealand Navy; New Zealand Army; and the Royal New Zealand Air Force, and is commanded and headed by the Chief of Defence Force (CDF) the Commander-in-Chief of the NZDF is Dame Patsy Reddy, Governor-General of New Zealand, who exercises power on the advice of the Minister of Defence, Ron Mark, under the Defence Act 1990.
The New Zealand Special Air Service, abbreviated as the NZSAS, was formed on 7 July 1955 and is the special forces unit of the New Zealand Army, closely modelled on the British Special Air Service (SAS).
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
George Frank Norman Reddaway (2 May 1918 – 12 October 1999) was a British civil servant and Diplomat.
The North Borneo Federation, also known as North Kalimantan or Negara Kesatuan Kalimantan Utara (Unitary State of North Kalimantan) in Malay, was a proposed political entity which would have comprised the British Colonies of Sarawak, British North Borneo (now known as the Malaysian state of Sabah) and the protectorate of Brunei.
The North Kalimantan Communist Party (abbreviated NKCP), also known as the Sarawak Communist Organisation (SCO) or the Clandestine Communist Organisation (CCO), was a communist political party based in the Malaysian state of Sarawak in northern Borneo.
Mullah Begawan Sultan Sir Muda Omar Ali Saifuddien III (full name: Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien ibni Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam II, GCVO, KCMG; 23 September 1914 – 7 September 1986) was the 28th Paramount Ruler and Sultan of Brunei who ruled from 4 June 1950 until his voluntarily abdication from the throne on 5 October 1967.
Air Marshal Omar Dani (23 January 1924 – 24 July 2009) was commander of the Indonesian Air Force (TNI-AU) from 1962 until 1965.
Claret was the code name given to operations conducted from about July 1964 until July 1966 from East Malaysia (Sarawak and Sabah) across the border in Indonesian Kalimantan during the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation.
Operation Trikora was an combined Indonesian military operation which aimed to seize and annex the Dutch overseas territory of Netherlands New Guinea in 1961 and 1962.
The Ordnance ML 3-inch mortar was the United Kingdom's standard mortar used by the British Army from the early 1930s to the late 1960s, superseding the Stokes mortar.
The OTO-Melara Mod 56 is an Italian-made 105 mm pack howitzer built and developed by OTO-Melara.
The Parachute Regiment, colloquially known as the Paras, is an elite airborne infantry regiment of the British Army.
The Pathfinders is a pathfinder unit of the British Army, and an integral part of 16 Air Assault Brigade.
Peninsular Malaysia also known as Malaya or West Malaysia, is the part of Malaysia which lies on the Malay Peninsula and surrounding islands.
Permesta was a rebel movement in Indonesia, its name based on Piagam Perjuangan Semesta (Universal Struggle Charter).
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
A platoon is a military unit typically composed of two or more squads/sections/patrols.
The President of the Philippines (Pangulo ng Pilipinas, informally referred to as Presidente ng Pilipinas; or in Presidente de Filipinas) is the head of state and head of government of the Philippines.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
The Provinces of Indonesia are the 34 largest subdivisions of the country and the highest tier of the local government (Daerah Tingkat I – level I region).
Psychological warfare (PSYWAR), or the basic aspects of modern psychological operations (PSYOP), have been known by many other names or terms, including MISO, Psy Ops, political warfare, "Hearts and Minds", and propaganda.
Tuanku Syed Harun Putra ibni Almarhum Syed Hassan Jamalullail, KCMG (25 November 1920 – 16 April 2000) was the third Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaya, and later of Malaysia (21 September 1960 – 20 September 1965), and sixth Raja of Perlis from (4 December 1945 – 16 April 2000).
RAF Chia Keng was a non-flying Royal Air Force station from 1948 to 1971, a satellite station to RAF Changi.
The Revolutionary Government of the Republic of Indonesia (Pemerintah Revolusioner Republik Indonesia (PRRI)) was an alternative government set up in Sumatra to oppose the central government of Indonesia in 1958.
Roulement is a term used by the British Army to signify major combat units (usually battalion strength) that are deployed on short tours of duty, normally for six months.
The Royal Australian Engineers (RAE) is a corps of the Australian Army (although the word corps does not appear in their name or on their badge).
The Royal Corps of Signals (often simply known as the Royal Signals - abbreviated to R SIGNALS) is one of the combat support arms of the British Army.
The Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment is the parent administrative regiment of regular and reserve infantry battalions in the New Zealand Army.
Sabah is a state of Malaysia located on the northern portion of Borneo Island.
Sapulut is a town along Sapulut River in the Interior Division of Sabah, Malaysia.
The Sarawak Rangers were a para-military force founded in 1862 by the second White Rajah of the Kingdom of Sarawak, Charles Anthony Johnson Brooke.
The Sarawak United Peoples' Party, or SUPP (Parti Rakyat Bersatu Sarawak; Iban: Gerempong Sa'ati Rayat Sarawak) is a multi-racial political party of Malaysia based in Sarawak.
The Scottish Aviation Pioneer was an STOL aircraft manufactured by Scottish Aviation in Scotland.
The Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneer was a British STOL transport aircraft built by Scottish Aviation Limited at Prestwick Airport, Scotland, during the 1950s.
The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), commonly known as MI6, is the foreign intelligence service of the government of the United Kingdom, tasked mainly with the covert overseas collection and analysis of human intelligence (HUMINT) in support of the UK's national security.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Defence (Defence Secretary) is an official within Her Majesty's Government and head of the Ministry of Defence.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Subandrio (15 September 1914 – 3 July 2004) was an Indonesian politician and Foreign Minister and First Deputy Prime Minister of Indonesia under President Sukarno.
The Special Air Service (SAS) is a special forces unit of the British Army.
The Special Air Service Regiment, officially abbreviated SASR though commonly known as the SAS, is a special forces unit of the Australian Army.
The Special Boat Service (SBS) is the special forces unit of the United Kingdom's Royal Navy.
Special forces and special operations forces are military units trained to conduct special operations.
The Saunders-Roe SR.N5 (or Warden class) was a medium-sized hovercraft which first flew in 1964.
A state is a compulsory political organization with a centralized government that maintains a monopoly of the legitimate use of force within a certain geographical territory.
A statue is a sculpture, representing one or more people or animals (including abstract concepts allegorically represented as people or animals), free-standing (as opposed to a relief) and normally full-length (as opposed to a bust) and at least close to life-size, or larger.
Tan Sri Datuk Amar Stephen Kalong Ningkan (1920–1997) was the first Chief Minister of Sarawak (1963–1966).
Succession of states is a theory and practice in international relations regarding successor states.
Muhammad Suharto (also written Soeharto;, or Muhammad Soeharto; 8 June 1921 – 27 January 2008) was an Indonesian military leader and politician who served as the second President of Indonesia, holding the office for 31 years from the ousting of Sukarno in 1967 until his resignation in 1998.
Sukarno (born Kusno Sosrodihardjo; 6 June 1901 – 21 June 1970) was the first President of Indonesia, serving in office from 1945 to 1967.
The Sulu Archipelago (Tausug: Sūg, Kepulauan Sulu, Kapuluan ng Sulu) is a chain of islands in the Pacific Ocean, in the southwestern Philippines.
Tawau (Jawi) formerly known as Tawao, is the capital of the Tawau District in Sabah, Malaysia.
Tawau Division (Bahagian Tawau) is one of the five administrative sub-divisions of Sabah, Malaysia.
Tebedu (also known as Tibade) is a border town in the Serian division of southwestern Sarawak, Malaysia, on the Indonesia-Malaysia border.
Tengah Air Base is a military airbase of the Republic of Singapore Air Force located in the Western Water Catchment, in the western part of Singapore.
The Age is a daily newspaper that has been published in Melbourne, Australia, since 1854.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Star is an English-language, tabloid-format newspaper in Malaysia.
The Straits Times is an English-language daily broadsheet newspaper based in Singapore currently owned by Singapore Press Holdings (SPH).
The Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) is a daily compact newspaper published by Fairfax Media in Sydney, Australia.
Indonesia's transition to the "New Order" in the mid-1960s, ousted the country's first president, Sukarno, after 22 years in the position.
Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah II (Jawi: تونكو عبدالرحمن ڤوترا الحاج ابن المرحوم سلطان عبدالحميد حاليم شه;, 8 February 1903 – 6 December 1990) was a Malaysian politician who served as the first Chief Minister of the Federation of Malaya from 1955 to 1957, before becoming Malaya's first Prime Minister after independence in 1957.
General Tunku Tan Sri Osman ibni Almarhum Tunku Temenggung Tunku Dato' Seri Mohammad Jewa (1919 – 1995) was the first Malaysian Armed Forces Chief of Staff.
An undeclared war is a military conflict between two or more nations without either side issuing a formal declaration of war.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Varyl Cargill Begg (1 October 1908 – 13 July 1995) was a Royal Navy officer.
The Vickers machine gun or Vickers gun is a name primarily used to refer to the water-cooled.303 British (7.7 mm) machine gun produced by Vickers Limited, originally for the British Army.
General Sir Walter Colyear Walker & Two Bars (11 November 1912 – 12 August 2001) was a senior British Army officer who served as Commander-in-Chief of Allied Forces Northern Europe from 1969 until his retirement in 1972.
West Kalimantan (Kalimantan Barat, Malay: كليمنتان بارت,; Hakka: Sî-Kâ-lí-màn-tân; Teochew: Sai-Gia-li-man-dang) is a province of Indonesia.
The West New Guinea dispute (1950–1962), also known as the West Irian dispute, was a diplomatic and political conflict between the Netherlands and Indonesia over the territory of Netherlands New Guinea.
The Westland Wessex was a British-built turbine-powered development of the Sikorsky H-34.
The Westland Whirlwind helicopter was a British licence-built version of the U.S. Sikorsky S-55/H-19 Chickasaw.
The White Rajahs were a dynastic monarchy of the British Brooke family, who founded and ruled the Kingdom of Sarawak, located on the island of Borneo, from 1841 to 1946.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Tun Haji Yusof bin Ishak, SMN, (Jawi: يوسف بن إسحاق;; 12 August 191023 November 1970) was a Singaporean politician and the first President of Singapore, serving from 1965 to 1970.
The 1964 July racial riot is considered to be one of the worst incidents in the history of Singapore as this riot killed 22 people and caused 454 to suffer severe injuries.
The 28th Infantry Brigade was a British Army formation which served during the First World War, the Second World War, the Korean War, The Malayan Emergency and Indonesian Confrontation.
The Thirtieth of September Movement (Gerakan 30 September, abbreviated as G30S, also known by the acronym Gestapu for Gerakan September Tiga Puluh or sometimes called Gestok, for Gerakan Satu Oktober, First of October Movement) was a self-proclaimed organization of Indonesian National Armed Forces members who, in the early hours of 1 October 1965, assassinated six Indonesian Army generals in an abortive coup d'état.
The 6th Queen Elizabeth's Own Gurkha Rifles was a rifle regiment of the British Indian Army comprising Gurkha soldiers of Nepalese origin, before being transferred to the British Army following India's independence.
The 7th Gurkha Rifles was a rifle regiment of the British Indian Army comprising Gurkha soldiers of Nepalese origin, before being transferred to the British Army, following India's independence in 1947 and after 1959 designated as the 7th Duke of Edinburgh's Own Gurkha Rifles.
Borneo Confrontation, Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation, Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation, Indonesian Confrontation, Indonesian-Malaysian Confrontation, Indonesia–Malaysia Confrontation, Konfrontasi, Malaysia-Indonesia Confrontation, Malaysia–Indonesia confrontation.