231 relations: Air assault, Air force infantry and special forces, Airborne forces, Airfield Defence Guards, Airpower, All-purpose Lightweight Individual Carrying Equipment, Ambush, Ammunition, Amphibious warfare, Ancient history, Ancillary weapon, Anti-tank missile, Aragon, Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, Armoured cavalry, Armoured fighting vehicle, Armoured personnel carrier, Armoured warfare, Army, Arquebus, Artillery, Australian Army, Automatic firearm, Axe, Ballista, Barbarian, Barbed wire, Battering ram, Battle axe, Battle cry, Battle of Albuera, Battle of Kadesh, Battledress, Bayonet, Bill Mauldin, Biological warfare, Blowgun, Body armor, Body painting, Bow and arrow, Brigade, British Army, Camping, Canadian Army, Cannon, Canteen (bottle), Cavalry, CBRN defense, Chariot, Chemical warfare, ..., Classical antiquity, Close combat, Close order formation, Club (weapon), Combat boot, Combat helmet, Combat stress reaction, Combined arms, Command and control, Commando, Company (military unit), Crew-served weapon, Crossbow, Dagger, Decimal, Decisive victory, Demolition, Disease, Division (military), Dragoon, Early modern warfare, Edged and bladed weapons, English longbow, Entrenching tool, Ernest Hemingway, Ernie Pyle, Fairbairn–Sykes fighting knife, Field marshal, Field ration, Firearm, Flail (weapon), Flamethrower, Flanking maneuver, Flintlock, Foot guards, Fragmentation (weaponry), Front line, Fusilier, Gambeson, Gas mask, George Nafziger, Gladius, Global Positioning System, Grenade, Grenadier, Grenadier Guards, Hand cannon, Hand-to-hand combat, Handgun, Hardtack, Heavy cavalry, Heavy infantry, Helicopter, History of gunpowder, Hoplite, Hundred Years' War, Indonesian Army infantry battalions, Infantry Branch (United States), Infantry fighting vehicle, Infantry of the British Army, Infantry square, Infantry tactics, Irregular military, Italian language, Javelin, Jean-de-Dieu Soult, K-ration, Kevlar, King's Royal Hussars, Knight, Lamellar armour, Land mine, Landsknecht, Latin, Legionary, Light cavalry, Light infantry, Light tank, Line infantry, List of empires, List of Regiments of Foot, Mace (bludgeon), Macedonian phalanx, Machine gun, Mail (armour), Marching, Marian reforms, Marines, Matchlock, Meal, Ready-to-Eat, Mechanized infantry, Meeting engagement, Melee weapon, Middle Ages, Middle French, Military, Military drums, Military logistics, Military occupation, Military organization, Military Revolution, Military uniform, Military vehicle, Militia, Mongol Empire, Mortar (weapon), MOS 0311, Motorized infantry, Mountain warfare, Mounted infantry, Musketeer, Naginata, Napoleon, Napoleonic Wars, New Zealand Army, Parachute, Paskhas, Peltast, Peninsular War, Personal weapon, Pike square, Pilum, Pistol, Plate armour, Plautus, Pole weapon, Pritzker Military Museum & Library, Psychological stress, RAF Regiment, Ranged weapon, Reconnaissance, Recorded history, Regiment, Regular army, Renaissance, Rifle, Rifleman, Royal Canadian Infantry Corps, Royal Dragoon Guards, Royal Irish Fusiliers, Royal Lancers, Satchel charge, School of Infantry, Section (military unit), Shield, Shield wall, Shock tactics, Sidearm, Siege engine, Situation awareness, Skirmisher, Sling (weapon), Sniper, Soldier, Spade, Spear, Special forces, Standing army, Stress (biology), Swiss mercenaries, Sword, T. R. Fehrenbach, Tactical formation, Tactical objective, Tank, Tattoo, Trebuchet, Tribe, United States Air Force Security Forces, United States Army, United States Army Basic Training, United States Army Rangers, United States Marine Corps, Velites, Wagon train, War, War flag, Weapon, Western world, Working animal, World War I. Expand index (181 more) » « Shrink index
Air assault is the movement of ground-based military forces by vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft—such as the helicopter—to seize and hold key terrain which has not been fully secured, and to directly engage enemy forces behind enemy lines.
Air force infantry and special forces are infantry and special forces units that are part of a nation's air force.
Airborne Military parachuting or gliding form of inserting personnel or supplies.
The Airfield Defence Guard (ADG) mustering of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) performs specialist ground defence tasks to protect air power assets from hostile ground action.
Airpower or air power consists of the application of military strategy and strategic theory to the realm of aerial warfare.
The ALICE (All-Purpose Lightweight Individual Carrying Equipment) load bearing system, was adopted as United States Army Standard A on 17 January 1973 to replace the M-1956 Load-Carrying Equipment (LCE) and M-1967 Modernized Load-Carrying Equipment (MLCE).
An ambush is a long-established military tactic in which combatants take advantage of concealment and the element of surprise to attack unsuspecting enemy combatants from concealed positions, such as among dense underbrush or behind hilltops.
Ammunition (informally ammo) is the material fired, scattered, dropped or detonated from any weapon.
Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.
Ancient history is the aggregate of past events, "History" from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the post-classical history.
An ancillary weapon is a weapon used for secondary or auxiliary purpose, such as a bayonet, combat knife or an officer's side arm.
An anti-tank missile (ATM), anti-tank guided missile (ATGM), anti-tank guided weapon (ATGW) or anti-armor guided weapon, is a guided missile primarily designed to hit and destroy heavily armored military vehicles.
Aragon (or, Spanish and Aragón, Aragó or) is an autonomous community in Spain, coextensive with the medieval Kingdom of Aragon.
Field Marshal Archibald Percival Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, (5 May 1883 – 24 May 1950) was a senior officer of the British Army.
Armoured cavalry (or U.S. armored) began to replace horse cavalry as the reconnaissance arm in most armies after the First World War, although many armies continued to maintain horse cavalry through the end of the Second World War.
An armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) is an armed combat vehicle protected by armour, generally combining operational mobility with offensive and defensive capabilities.
An armoured personnel carrier (APC) is a type of armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) designed to transport infantry to the battlefield.
Armoured warfare, mechanised warfare or tank warfare is the use of armoured fighting vehicles in modern warfare.
An army (from Latin arma "arms, weapons" via Old French armée, "armed" (feminine)) or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land.
The arquebus, derived from the German Hakenbüchse, was a form of long gun that appeared in Europe during the 15th century.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
The Australian Army is Australia's military land force.
An automatic firearm continuously fires rounds as long as the trigger is pressed or held and there is ammunition in the magazine/chamber.
An axe (British English or ax (American English; see spelling differences) is an implement that has been used for millennia to shape, split and cut wood; to harvest timber; as a weapon; and as a ceremonial or heraldic symbol. The axe has many forms and specialised uses but generally consists of an axe head with a handle, or helve. Before the modern axe, the stone-age hand axe was used from 1.5 million years BP without a handle. It was later fastened to a wooden handle. The earliest examples of handled axes have heads of stone with some form of wooden handle attached (hafted) in a method to suit the available materials and use. Axes made of copper, bronze, iron and steel appeared as these technologies developed. Axes are usually composed of a head and a handle. The axe is an example of a simple machine, as it is a type of wedge, or dual inclined plane. This reduces the effort needed by the wood chopper. It splits the wood into two parts by the pressure concentration at the blade. The handle of the axe also acts as a lever allowing the user to increase the force at the cutting edge—not using the full length of the handle is known as choking the axe. For fine chopping using a side axe this sometimes is a positive effect, but for felling with a double bitted axe it reduces efficiency. Generally, cutting axes have a shallow wedge angle, whereas splitting axes have a deeper angle. Most axes are double bevelled, i.e. symmetrical about the axis of the blade, but some specialist broadaxes have a single bevel blade, and usually an offset handle that allows them to be used for finishing work without putting the user's knuckles at risk of injury. Less common today, they were once an integral part of a joiner and carpenter's tool kit, not just a tool for use in forestry. A tool of similar origin is the billhook. However, in France and Holland, the billhook often replaced the axe as a joiner's bench tool. Most modern axes have steel heads and wooden handles, typically hickory in the US and ash in Europe and Asia, although plastic or fibreglass handles are also common. Modern axes are specialised by use, size and form. Hafted axes with short handles designed for use with one hand are often called hand axes but the term hand axe refers to axes without handles as well. Hatchets tend to be small hafted axes often with a hammer on the back side (the poll). As easy-to-make weapons, axes have frequently been used in combat.
The ballista (Latin, from Greek βαλλίστρα ballistra and that from βάλλω ballō, "throw"), plural ballistae, sometimes called bolt thrower, was an ancient missile weapon that launched a large projectile at a distant target.
A barbarian is a human who is perceived to be either uncivilized or primitive.
Barbed wire, also known as barb wire, less often as bob wire or, in the southeastern United States, bobbed wire, is a type of steel fencing wire constructed with sharp edges or points arranged at intervals along the strand(s).
A battering ram is a siege engine that originated in ancient times and designed to break open the masonry walls of fortifications or splinter their wooden gates.
A battle axe (also battle-axe or battle-ax) is an axe specifically designed for combat.
A battle cry is a yell or chant taken up in battle, usually by members of the same combatant group.
The Battle of Albuera (16 May 1811) was a battle during the Peninsular War.
The Battle of Kadesh or Battle of Qadesh took place between the forces of the Egyptian Empire under Ramesses II and the Hittite Empire under Muwatalli II at the city of Kadesh on the Orontes River, just upstream of Lake Homs near the modern Syrian-Lebanese border.
A battledress is a type of uniform used as combat uniforms, as opposed to dress uniforms or formal uniform worn at parades and functions.
A bayonet (from French baïonnette) is a knife, sword, or spike-shaped weapon designed to fit on the end of a rifles muzzle, allowing it to be used as a pike.
William Henry "Bill" Mauldin (October 29, 1921 – January 22, 2003) was an American editorial cartoonist.
Biological warfare (BW)—also known as germ warfare—is the use of biological toxins or infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi with the intent to kill or incapacitate humans, animals or plants as an act of war.
A blowgun (also called a blowpipe or blow tube) is a simple ranged weapon consisting of a long narrow tube for shooting light projectiles such as darts.
Body armor/armour, personal armor/armour, suits of armour or coats of armour all refer to protective clothing, designed to absorb and/or deflect slashing, bludgeoning and penetrating attacks by weapons.
Body painting, or sometimes bodypainting, is a form of body art.
The bow and arrow is a ranged weapon system consisting of an elastic launching device (bow) and long-shafted projectiles (arrows).
A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
Camping is an outdoor activity involving overnight stays away from home in a shelter, such as a tent.
The Canadian Army (French: Armée canadienne) is the command responsible for the operational readiness of the conventional ground forces of the Canadian Armed Forces.
A cannon (plural: cannon or cannons) is a type of gun classified as artillery that launches a projectile using propellant.
A canteen is a drinking water bottle designed to be used by hikers, campers, soldiers and workers in the field.
Cavalry (from the French cavalerie, cf. cheval 'horse') or horsemen were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback.
Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear defense (CBRN defense or CBRNE defense) is protective measures taken in situations in which chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear warfare (including terrorism) hazards may be present.
A chariot is a type of carriage driven by a charioteer using primarily horses to provide rapid motive power.
Chemical warfare (CW) involves using the toxic properties of chemical substances as weapons.
Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history between the 8th century BC and the 5th or 6th century AD centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.
Close combat means a violent physical confrontation between two or more opponents at short range.
A close order formation is a military tactical formation wherein soldiers are close together and regularly arranged for the tactical concentration of force.
A club (also known as a cudgel, baton, truncheon, cosh, nightstick, beating stick, or bludgeon) is among the simplest of all weapons: a short staff or stick, usually made of wood, wielded as a weapon since prehistoric times.
Combat boots are military boots designed to be worn by soldiers during combat or combat training, as opposed to during parades and other ceremonial duties.
A combat helmet or battle helmet is a type of helmet, a piece of personal armor designed specifically to protect the head during combat.
Combat stress reaction (CSR) is a term used within the military to describe acute behavioral disorganization seen by medical personnel as a direct result of the trauma of war.
Combined arms is an approach to warfare which seeks to integrate different combat arms of a military to achieve mutually complementary effects (for example, using infantry and armor in an urban environment, where one supports the other, or both support each other).
Command and control or C2 is a "set of organizational and technical attributes and processes...
A commando is a soldier or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force often specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting or abseiling.
A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 80–150 soldiers and usually commanded by a major or a captain.
A crew-served (crew-serve or crew service) weapon is any weapon system that requires a crew of more than one individual, as opposed to an individual service weapon, to function at optimum efficiency due to its operational complexity, such as requiring one person to load while another fires.
A crossbow is a type of ranged weapon based on the bow and consisting of a horizontal bow-like assembly mounted on a frame which is handheld in a similar fashion to the stock of a gun.
A dagger is a knife with a very sharp point and one or two sharp edges, typically designed or capable of being used as a thrusting or stabbing weapon.
The decimal numeral system (also called base-ten positional numeral system, and occasionally called denary) is the standard system for denoting integer and non-integer numbers.
The term decisive victory refers to a military victory in battle that definitively resolves the objective being fought over, ending one stage of the conflict and beginning another stage.
Demolition or razing is the tearing down of buildings and other man-made structures.
A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
Dragoons originally were a class of mounted infantry, who used horses for mobility but dismounted to fight on foot.
Early modern warfare is associated with the start of the widespread use of gunpowder and the development of suitable weapons to use the explosive, including artillery and firearms; for this reason the era is also referred to as the age of gunpowder warfare (a concept introduced by Michael Roberts in the 1950s).
Bladed and edged weapons have been used throughout history for combat, hunting and in ceremonies.
The English longbow was a powerful medieval type of longbow (a tall bow for archery) about long used by the English and Welsh for hunting and as a weapon in medieval warfare.
An entrenching tool, E-tool, or trenching tool is a collapsible spade used by military forces for a variety of military purposes.
Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short story writer, and journalist.
Ernest Taylor Pyle (August 3, 1900 – April 18, 1945) was a Pulitzer Prize–winning American journalist.
The Fairbairn–Sykes fighting knife is a double-edged fighting knife resembling a dagger or poignard with a foil grip developed by William Ewart Fairbairn and Eric Anthony Sykes in Shanghai based on concepts which the two men initiated before World War II while serving on the Shanghai Municipal Police in China.
Field marshal (or field-marshal, abbreviated as FM) is a very senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks.
A field ration, combat ration or ration pack is a canned or pre-packaged meal, easily prepared and eaten, transported by military troops on the battlefield.
A firearm is a portable gun (a barreled ranged weapon) that inflicts damage on targets by launching one or more projectiles driven by rapidly expanding high-pressure gas produced by exothermic combustion (deflagration) of propellant within an ammunition cartridge.
The term flail refers to two different weapons: a long, two-handed infantry weapon with a cylindrical head, and a shorter weapon with a round metal striking head.
A flamethrower is a mechanical incendiary device designed to project a long, controllable stream of fire.
In military tactics, a flanking maneuver, or flanking manoeuvre is a movement of an armed force around a flank to achieve an advantageous position over an enemy.
Flintlock is a general term for any firearm that uses a flint striking ignition mechanism.
In some militaries, foot guards are senior infantry regiments.
Fragmentation is the process by which the casing of an artillery or mortar shell, rocket, missile, bomb, grenade, etc.
A front line (alternative forms: front-line or frontline) in military terminology is the position(s) closest to the area of conflict of an armed force's personnel and equipment, generally referring to maritime or land forces.
Fusilier is a name given to various kinds of soldiers; its meaning depends on the historical context.
A gambeson (also aketon, padded jack or arming doublet) is a padded defensive jacket, worn as armour separately, or combined with mail or plate armour.
The gas mask is a mask used to protect the user from inhaling airborne pollutants and toxic gases.
George F. Nafziger (born 1949) is an American writer and editor of numerous books and articles in military history.
(Note: the sword above is actually not a Pompeii Gladius but, instead, a Fulham Gladius) Gladius was one Latin word for sword, and is used to represent the primary sword of Ancient Roman foot soldiers.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.
A grenade is a small weapon typically thrown by hand.
A grenadier (derived from the word grenade) was originally a specialized soldier, first established as a distinct role in the mid-to-late 17th century, for the throwing of grenades and sometimes assault operations.
The Grenadier Guards (GREN GDS) is an infantry regiment of the British Army.
The hand cannon (Chinese: 手銃), also known as the gonne or handgonne, is the first true firearm and the successor of the fire lance.
Hand-to-hand combat (sometimes abbreviated as HTH or H2H) is a lethal or non-lethal physical confrontation between two or more persons at very short range (grappling distance, or within the physical reach of a handheld weapon) that does not involve the use of ranged weapons.
A handgun is a short-barreled firearm designed to be fired with only one hand.
Hardtack (or hard tack) is a simple type of biscuit or cracker, made from flour, water, and sometimes salt.
Heavy cavalry is a class of cavalry whose primary role was to engage in direct combat with enemy forces, and are heavily armed and armoured compared to light cavalry.
Heavy infantry refers to heavily armed and armoured infantrymen trained to mount frontal assaults and/or anchor the defensive center of a battle line.
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.
Gunpowder is the first physical explosive.
Hoplites were citizen-soldiers of Ancient Greek city-states who were primarily armed with spears and shields.
The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Plantagenet, rulers of the Kingdom of England, against the House of Valois, over the right to rule the Kingdom of France.
The Indonesian Army has formed a large number of infantry battalions since it was formed from provisional militias during the Indonesian National Revolution against the Dutch colonial rule, 1945–1949.
The Infantry Branch (also known as the "Queen of the Battle") is a branch of the United States Army first established in 1775.
An infantry fighting vehicle (IFV), also known as a mechanized infantry combat vehicle (MICV), is a type of armoured fighting vehicle used to carry infantry into battle and provide direct-fire support.
The Infantry of the British Army, part of the structure of the British Army, comprises 47 infantry battalions, from 19 regiments.
Historically an infantry square, also known as a hollow square, is a combat formation an infantry unit forms in close order usually when threatened with cavalry attack.
Infantry tactics are the combination of military concepts and methods used by infantry to achieve tactical objectives during combat.
Irregular military is any non-standard military component that is distinct from a country's national armed forces.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
A javelin is a light spear designed primarily to be thrown, historically as a ranged weapon, but today predominantly for sport.
Marshal General Jean-de-Dieu Soult, 1st Duke of Dalmatia, (29 March 1769 – 26 November 1851) was a French general and statesman, named Marshal of the Empire in 1804 and often called Marshal Soult.
The K-ration was an individual daily combat food ration which was introduced by the United States Army during World War II.
Kevlar is a heat-resistant and strong synthetic fiber, related to other aramids such as Nomex and Technora.
The King's Royal Hussars (KRH) is a cavalry regiment of the British Army.
A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch, bishop or other political leader for service to the monarch or a Christian Church, especially in a military capacity.
Lamellar armour is a type of body armour, made from small rectangular plates (scales or lamellae) of iron, leather (rawhide), or bronze laced into horizontal rows.
A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.
The German Landsknechts, sometimes also rendered as (singular), were colourful mercenary soldiers with a formidable reputation, who became an important military force through late 15th- and 16th-century Europe.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
The Roman legionary (Latin: legionarius, pl. legionarii) was a professional heavy infantryman of the Roman army after the Marian reforms.
Light cavalry comprises lightly armed and lightly armoured troops mounted on horses, as opposed to heavy cavalry, where the riders (and sometimes the horses) are heavily armored.
Light infantry is a designation applied to certain types of foot soldiers (infantry) throughout history, typically having lighter equipment or armament or a more mobile or fluid function than other types of infantry, such as heavy infantry or line infantry.
A light tank is a tank variant initially designed for rapid movement, and now primarily employed in the reconnaissance role, or in support of expeditionary forces where main battle tanks cannot be made available.
Line infantry was the type of infantry that composed the basis of European land armies from the middle of the 17th century to the middle of the 19th century.
This is an alphabetical list of empires.
This is a list of numbered Regiments of Foot of the British Army from the mid-18th century until 1881, when numbering was abandoned.
A mace is a blunt weapon, a type of club or virge that uses a heavy head on the end of a handle to deliver powerful blows.
The Macedonian phalanx is an infantry formation developed by Philip II and used by his son Alexander the Great to conquer the Achaemenid Empire and other armies.
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.
Mail or maille (also chain mail(le) or chainmail(le)) is a type of armour consisting of small metal rings linked together in a pattern to form a mesh.
Marching refers to the organized, uniformed, steady and rhythmic walking forward, usually associated with military troops.
The Marian reforms of 107 BC were a group of military reforms initiated by Gaius Marius, a statesman and general of the Roman Republic.
Marines, also known as a marine corps or naval infantry, are typically an infantry force that specializes in the support of naval and army operations at sea and on land, as well as the execution of their own operations.
The matchlock was the first mechanism invented to facilitate the firing of a hand-held firearm.
The Meal, Ready-to-Eat – commonly known as the MRE – is a self-contained, individual field ration in lightweight packaging bought by the U.S. Department of Defense for its service members for use in combat or other field conditions where organized food facilities are not available.
Mechanized infantry are infantry equipped with armored personnel carriers (APCs) or infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs) for transport and combat (see also mechanized force).
In warfare, a meeting engagement, or encounter battle, is a combat action that occurs when a moving force, incompletely deployed for battle, engages an enemy at an unexpected time and place.
A melee weapon, or close combat weapon, is any weapon used in direct hand-to-hand combat; by contrast with ranged weapons which act at a distance.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Middle French (le moyen français) is a historical division of the French language that covers the period from the 14th to the early 17th centuries.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
Military drums or war drums are all kinds of drums and membranophones that have been used for martial music, including military communications, as well as drill, honors music and military ceremonies.
Military logistics is the discipline of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of military forces.
Military occupation is effective provisional control by a certain ruling power over a territory which is not under the formal sovereignty of that entity, without the violation of the actual sovereign.
Military organization or military organisation is the structuring of the armed forces of a state so as to offer military capability required by the national defense policy.
The Military Revolution was a radical change in military strategy and tactics with resulting major changes in government.
A military uniform is the standardised dress worn by members of the armed forces and paramilitaries of various nations.
A military vehicle is a type of vehicle that includes all land combat and transportation vehicles, which are designed for or are significantly used by military forces.
A militia is generally an army or some other fighting organization of non-professional soldiers, citizens of a nation, or subjects of a state, who can be called upon for military service during a time of need, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or historically, members of a warrior nobility class (e.g., knights or samurai).
The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: Mongolyn Ezent Güren; Mongolian Cyrillic: Монголын эзэнт гүрэн;; also Орда ("Horde") in Russian chronicles) existed during the 13th and 14th centuries and was the largest contiguous land empire in history.
A mortar is usually a simple, lightweight, man portable, muzzle-loaded weapon, consisting of a smooth-bore metal tube fixed to a base plate (to absorb recoil) with a lightweight bipod mount.
MOS 0311 is the United States Marine Corps (USMC) Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) code for riflemen.
In NATO and most other western countries, motorized infantry is infantry that is transported by trucks or other un-protected motor vehicles.
Mountain warfare refers to warfare in the mountains or similarly rough terrain.
Mounted infantry were infantry who rode horses instead of marching.
A musketeer (mousquetaire) was a type of soldier equipped with a musket.
The naginata (なぎなた, 薙刀) is one of several varieties of traditionally made Japanese blades (''nihonto'') in the form of a pole weapon.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
The New Zealand Army (Ngāti Tūmatauenga, "Tribe of the God of War") is the land component of the New Zealand Defence Force and comprises around 4,500 Regular Force personnel, 2,000 Territorial Force personnel and 500 civilians.
A parachute is a device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag (or in the case of ram-air parachutes, aerodynamic lift).
Paskhas (Indonesian: Korps Pasukan Khas) is the air force infantry and special forces corps of the Indonesian Air Force ("TNI-AU").
A peltast (Ancient Greek: πελταστής peltastes) was a type of light infantry, originating in Thrace and Paeonia, who often served as skirmishers in Hellenic and Hellenistic armies.
The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire (as well as the allied powers of the Spanish Empire), the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Portugal, for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.
A personal weapon or ordnance weapon is a weapon that is issued to an individual member of a military or paramilitary unit, e.g. to individual soldiers.
The pike square (Gevierthaufen or Gewalthaufen, meaning crowd of force) was a military tactic developed by the Swiss Confederacy during the 15th century for use by its infantry.
The pilum (plural pila) was a javelin commonly used by the Roman army in ancient times.
A pistol is a type of handgun.
Plate armor is a historical type of personal body armour made from iron or steel plates, culminating in the iconic suit of armour entirely encasing the wearer.
Titus Maccius Plautus (c. 254 – 184 BC), commonly known as Plautus, was a Roman playwright of the Old Latin period.
A pole weapon or pole arm is a close combat weapon in which the main fighting part of the weapon is fitted to the end of a long shaft, typically of wood, thereby extending the user's effective range.
The Pritzker Military Museum & Library (formerly Pritzker Military Library) is a museum and a research library for the study of military history in Chicago, Illinois, US.
In psychology, stress is a feeling of strain and pressure.
The Royal Air Force Regiment (RAF Regiment) is part of the Royal Air Force and functions as a specialist corps founded by Royal Warrant in 1942.
A ranged weapon is any weapon that can engage targets beyond hand-to-hand distance, i.e. at distances greater than the physical reach of the weapon itself.
In military operations, reconnaissance or scouting is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and other activities in the area.
Recorded history or written history is a historical narrative based on a written record or other documented communication.
A regiment is a military unit.
A regular army is the official army of a state or country (the official armed forces), contrasting with irregular forces, such as volunteer irregular militias, private armies, mercenaries, etc.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
A rifle is a portable long-barrelled firearm designed for precision shooting, to be held with both hands and braced against the shoulder for stability during firing, and with a barrel that has a helical pattern of grooves ("rifling") cut into the bore walls.
A rifleman is an infantry soldier armed with a rifled long gun.
The Royal Canadian Infantry Corps (Corps d'infanterie royal canadien) is the infantry corps of the Canadian Army and includes regular and reserve force regiments.
The Royal Dragoon Guards (RDG) is a cavalry regiment of the British Army.
The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's) was an Irish line infantry regiment of the British Army, formed by the amalgamation of the 87th (Prince of Wales's Irish) Regiment of Foot and the 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot in 1881.
The Royal Lancers (Queen Elizabeths' Own) is a cavalry regiment of the British Army.
Weapons used in the Winter War. The original Finnish satchel charge is on the left. A satchel charge is a demolition device, primarily intended for combat, whose primary components are a charge of dynamite or a more potent explosive such as C-4 plastic explosive, a carrying device functionally similar to a satchel or messenger bag, and a triggering mechanism; the term covers both improvised and formally designed devices.
A School of Infantry provides training in weapons and infantry tactics to infantrymen of a nation's military forces.
A section is a military sub-subunit.
A shield is a piece of personal armour held in the hand or mounted on the wrist or forearm.
The formation of a shield wall (Scildweall or Bordweall in Old English, Skjaldborg in Old Norse) is a military tactic that was common in many cultures in the Pre-Early Modern warfare age.
Shock tactics, shock tactic or shock attack is the name of an offensive maneuver which attempts to place the enemy under psychological pressure by a rapid and fully committed advance with the aim of causing their combatants to retreat.
In baseball, sidearm is a motion for throwing a ball along a low, approximately horizontal axis rather than a high, mostly vertical axis (overhand).
A siege engine is a device that is designed to break or circumvent heavy castle doors, thick city walls and other fortifications in siege warfare.
Situational awareness or situation awareness (SA) is the perception of environmental elements and events with respect to time or space, the comprehension of their meaning, and the projection of their status after some variable has changed, such as time, or some other variable, such as a predetermined event.
Skirmishers are light infantry or cavalry soldiers in the role of skirmishing—stationed to act as a vanguard, flank guard, or rearguard, screening a tactical position or a larger body of friendly troops from enemy advances.
A sling is a projectile weapon typically used to throw a blunt projectile such as a stone, clay, or lead "sling-bullet".
A sniper is a military/paramilitary marksman who operates to maintain effective visual contact with the enemy and engage targets from concealed positions or at distances exceeding their detection capabilities.
A soldier is one who fights as part of an army.
A spade is a tool primarily for digging, comprising a blade – typically narrower and less curved than that of a shovel – and a long handle.
A spear is a pole weapon consisting of a shaft, usually of wood, with a pointed head.
Special forces and special operations forces are military units trained to conduct special operations.
A standing army, unlike a reserve army, is a permanent, often professional, army.
Physiological or biological stress is an organism's response to a stressor such as an environmental condition.
Swiss mercenaries (Reisläufer) were notable for their service in foreign armies, especially the armies of the Kings of France, throughout the Early Modern period of European history, from the Later Middle Ages into the Age of the European Enlightenment.
A sword is a bladed weapon intended for slashing or thrusting that is longer than a knife or dagger.
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A tactical formation (or order) is the arrangement or deployment of moving military forces such as infantry, cavalry, AFVs, military aircraft, or naval vessels.
A tactical objective is the immediate short-term desired result of a given activity, task, or mission.
A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat, with heavy firepower, strong armour, tracks and a powerful engine providing good battlefield maneuverability.
A tattoo is a form of body modification where a design is made by inserting ink, dyes and pigments, either indelible or temporary, into the dermis layer of the skin to change the pigment.
A trebuchet (French trébuchet) is a type of siege engine.
A tribe is viewed developmentally, economically and historically as a social group existing outside of or before the development of states.
United States Air Force Security Forces is the force protection and military police of the United States Air Force.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
United States Army Basic Training (also known as Initial Entry Training, IET) is the recruit training program of physical and mental preparation for service in the United States Army, United States Army Reserve or Army National Guard.
The United States Army Rangers are designated U.S. Army Ranger units, past or present, or are graduates of the U.S. Army Ranger School.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.
Velites (singular) were a class of infantry in the Roman army of the mid-Republic from 211 to 107 BC.
A wagon train is a group of wagons traveling together.
War is a state of armed conflict between states, societies and informal groups, such as insurgents and militias.
A war flag, also known as a military flag, battle flag, or standard, is a variant of a national flag for use by a country's military forces when on land.
A weapon, arm or armament is any device used with intent to inflict damage or harm.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
A working animal is an animal, usually domesticated, that is kept by humans and trained to perform tasks.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Foot Soldier, Foot Soldiers, Foot soldier, Foot soldiers, Foot-soldier, Foot-soldiers, Footsoldier, Footsoldiers, Ground troops, Infanteer, Infantry Riflemen, Infantry Soldier, Infantry regiment, Infantry warfare, Infantryman, Infantrymen, Medium infantry, Poor Bloody Infantry, Queen of the battlefield.