87 relations: Abdominal pain, Acute abdomen, Anemic infarct, Antiphospholipid syndrome, Area, Arm, Arterial embolism, Artery, Asymptomatic, Atheroma, Atherosclerosis, Avascular necrosis, Blood, Bone, Burn, Cardiac muscle, Central retinal artery, Cerebral infarction, Circulatory system, Coronary arteries, Diabetes mellitus, Disease, Embolism, Extracellular matrix, Fibrin, Frostbite, Fuel, Gangrene, Giant-cell arteritis, Glucose, H&E stain, Heart, Hemodynamics, Hemorrhagic infarct, Hernia, Hypertension, Hypoxia (medical), Infarction, Injury, Intracerebral hemorrhage, Ischemia, Joint, Kidney, Leg, Lesion, Limb infarction, Lipid, Lung, Lung infarction, Macrophage, ..., Micrograph, Myocardial infarction, Necrosis, Neoplasm, Organ transplantation, Osteochondritis dissecans, Ovary, Oxygen, Pathology, Peripheral artery disease, Quadrant (abdomen), Raynaud syndrome, Red blood cell, Reperfusion injury, Resuscitation, Sepsis, Sickle cell disease, Small intestine, Spleen, Splenic artery, Splenic infarction, Stroke, Subarachnoid hemorrhage, Surgery, Testicle, Testicular torsion, TheFreeDictionary.com, Thrombus, Tissue (biology), Vascular occlusion, Vasoconstriction, Vein, Venous thrombosis, Volvulus, Vulnerable plaque, WebMD, White blood cell. Expand index (37 more) » « Shrink index
Abdominal pain, also known as a stomach ache, is a symptom associated with both non-serious and serious medical issues.
An acute abdomen refers to a sudden, severe abdominal pain.
Anemic infarcts (also called white infarcts or pale infarcts) are white or pale infarcts caused by arterial occlusions, and are usually seen in the heart, kidney and spleen.
Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by antiphospholipid antibodies.
Area is the quantity that expresses the extent of a two-dimensional figure or shape, or planar lamina, in the plane.
In human anatomy, the arm is the part of the upper limb between the glenohumeral joint (shoulder joint) and the elbow joint.
Arterial embolism is a sudden interruption of blood flow to an organ or body part due to an embolus adhering to the wall of an artery blocking the flow of blood, the major type of embolus being a blood clot (thromboembolism).
An artery (plural arteries) is a blood vessel that takes blood away from the heart to all parts of the body (tissues, lungs, etc).
In medicine, a disease is considered asymptomatic if a patient is a carrier for a disease or infection but experiences no symptoms.
An atheroma is a reversible accumulation of degenerative material in the inner layer of an artery wall.
Atherosclerosis is a disease in which the inside of an artery narrows due to the build up of plaque.
Avascular necrosis (AVN), also called osteonecrosis or bone infarction, is death of bone tissue due to interruption of the blood supply.
Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.
A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebrate skeleton.
A burn is a type of injury to skin, or other tissues, caused by heat, cold, electricity, chemicals, friction, or radiation.
Cardiac muscle (heart muscle) is one of the three major types of muscle, the others being skeletal and smooth muscle.
The central retinal artery (retinal artery) branches off the ophthalmic artery, running inferior to the optic nerve within its dural sheath to the eyeball.
A cerebral infarction is an area of necrotic tissue in the brain resulting from a blockage or narrowing in the arteries supplying blood and oxygen to the brain.
The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.
The coronary arteries are the arteries of the coronary circulation that transport blood into and out of the cardiac muscle.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.
An embolism is the lodging of an embolus, a blockage-causing piece of material, inside a blood vessel.
In biology, the extracellular matrix (ECM) is a collection of extracellular molecules secreted by support cells that provides structural and biochemical support to the surrounding cells.
Fibrin (also called Factor Ia) is a fibrous, non-globular protein involved in the clotting of blood.
Frostbite occurs when exposure to low temperatures causes freezing of the skin or other tissues.
A fuel is any material that can be made to react with other substances so that it releases energy as heat energy or to be used for work.
Gangrene is a type of tissue death caused by a lack of blood supply.
Giant-cell arteritis (GCA), also called temporal arteritis, is an inflammatory disease of blood vessels.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
Hematoxylin and eosin stain or haematoxylin and eosin stain (H&E stain or HE stain) is one of the principal stains in histology.
The heart is a muscular organ in most animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.
Hemodynamics or hæmodynamics is the dynamics of blood flow.
Hemorrhagic infarcts are infarcts commonly caused by occlusion of veins, with red blood cells entering the area of the infarct, or an artery occlusion of an organ with collaterals or dual circulation.
A hernia is the abnormal exit of tissue or an organ, such as the bowel, through the wall of the cavity in which it normally resides.
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
Hypoxia is a condition in which the body or a region of the body is deprived of adequate oxygen supply at the tissue level.
Infarction is tissue death (necrosis) due to inadequate blood supply to the affected area.
Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), also known as cerebral bleed, is a type of intracranial bleed that occurs within the brain tissue or ventricles.
Ischemia or ischaemia is a restriction in blood supply to tissues, causing a shortage of oxygen that is needed for cellular metabolism (to keep tissue alive).
A joint or articulation (or articular surface) is the connection made between bones in the body which link the skeletal system into a functional whole.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs present in left and right sides of the body in vertebrates.
A leg is a weight bearing and locomotive anatomical structure, usually having a columnar shape.
A lesion is any abnormal damage or change in the tissue of an organism, usually caused by disease or trauma.
A limb infarction is an area of tissue death of an arm or leg.
In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.
The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails.
Lung infarction, also known as pulmonary infarction, occurs when an artery to the lung becomes blocked and part of the lung dies.
Macrophages (big eaters, from Greek μακρός (makrós).
A micrograph or photomicrograph is a photograph or digital image taken through a microscope or similar device to show a magnified image of an item.
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.
Necrosis (from the Greek νέκρωσις "death, the stage of dying, the act of killing" from νεκρός "dead") is a form of cell injury which results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by autolysis.
Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.
Organ transplantation is a medical procedure in which an organ is removed from one body and placed in the body of a recipient, to replace a damaged or missing organ.
Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD or OD) is a joint disorder in which cracks form in the articular cartilage and the underlying subchondral bone.
The ovary is an organ found in the female reproductive system that produces an ovum.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering" and -logia (-λογία), "study of") is a significant field in modern medical diagnosis and medical research, concerned mainly with the causal study of disease, whether caused by pathogens or non-infectious physiological disorder.
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a narrowing of the arteries other than those that supply the heart or the brain.
The human abdomen is divided into regions by anatomists and physicians for purposes of study, diagnosis, and therapy.
Raynaud syndrome, also known as Raynaud's phenomenon, is a medical condition in which spasm of arteries cause episodes of reduced blood flow.
Red blood cells-- also known as RBCs, red cells, red blood corpuscles, haematids, erythroid cells or erythrocytes (from Greek erythros for "red" and kytos for "hollow vessel", with -cyte translated as "cell" in modern usage), are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate's principal means of delivering oxygen (O2) to the body tissues—via blood flow through the circulatory system.
Reperfusion injury or reperfusion insult, sometimes called ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) or reoxygenation injury, is the tissue damage caused when blood supply returns to tissue (re- + perfusion) after a period of ischemia or lack of oxygen (anoxia or hypoxia).
Resuscitation is the process of correcting physiological disorders (such as lack of breathing or heartbeat) in an acutely unwell patient.
Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that arises when the body's response to infection causes injury to its own tissues and organs.
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of blood disorders typically inherited from a person's parents.
The small intestine or small bowel is the part of the gastrointestinal tract between the stomach and the large intestine, and is where most of the end absorption of food takes place.
The spleen is an organ found in virtually all vertebrates.
The splenic artery (in the past called the lienal artery) is the blood vessel that supplies oxygenated blood to the spleen.
Splenic infarction is a condition in which oxygen supply to the spleen is interrupted, leading to partial or complete infarction (tissue death due to oxygen shortage) in the organ.
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is bleeding into the subarachnoid space—the area between the arachnoid membrane and the pia mater surrounding the brain.
Surgery (from the χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.
The testicle or testis is the male reproductive gland in all animals, including humans.
Testicular torsion occurs when the spermatic cord (from which the testicle is suspended) twists, cutting off the testicle's blood supply.
TheFreeDictionary.com is an American online dictionary and encyclopedia that gathers information from a variety of sources.
A thrombus, colloquially called a blood clot, is the final product of the blood coagulation step in hemostasis.
In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.
Vascular occlusion is a blockage of a blood vessel, usually with a clot.
Vasoconstriction is the narrowing of the blood vessels resulting from contraction of the muscular wall of the vessels, in particular the large arteries and small arterioles.
Veins are blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart.
A venous thrombus is a blood clot (thrombus) that forms within a vein.
A volvulus is when a loop of intestine twists around itself and the mesentery that supports it, resulting in a bowel obstruction.
A vulnerable plaque is a kind of atheromatous plaque – a collection of white blood cells (primarily macrophages) and lipids (including cholesterol) in the wall of an artery – that is particularly unstable and prone to produce sudden major problems such as a heart attack or stroke.
WebMD is an American corporation known primarily as an online publisher of news and information pertaining to human health and well-being.
White blood cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders.