96 relations: Acute respiratory distress syndrome, Anhui, Antibody-dependent enhancement, Antigenic shift, Avian influenza, Beijing, Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, Biosafety level, Bird migration, British Columbia, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, CBC News, Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centre for Health Protection, China, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese New Year, Conjunctivitis, Cytokine release syndrome, Dengue fever, East Asian–Australasian Flyway, Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (Germany), Ferret, Fujian, GISAID, Guangdong, Hangzhou, Hemagglutinin, Hemagglutinin (influenza), Henan, Hong Kong, Hunan, Huzhou, Influenza A virus, Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, Influenza A virus subtype H7N2, Influenza A virus subtype H7N3, Influenza A virus subtype H7N7, Influenza A virus subtype H9N2, Influenza research, J. Craig Venter Institute, JAMA (journal), Japan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Keiji Fukuda, Malaysia, Minhang District, Ministry of Agriculture of the People's Republic of China, ..., Ministry of Health (Singapore), Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China, Mortality rate, Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, Nanjing, National Health and Family Planning Commission, Nature (journal), Neil Seeman, Netherlands, Neuraminidase, Neuraminidase inhibitor, Novartis, Novavax, Organ dysfunction, Oseltamivir, Pandemic, Peking Union Medical College, Pneumonia, Public Health Agency of Canada, Sepsis, Serotype, Shandong, Shanghai, Songjiang District, Suzhou, The BMJ, The Brunei Times, The New England Journal of Medicine, Toronto, Transgene, Transmission and infection of H5N1, United States, University of Hong Kong, University of Toronto, Vaccine, Vietnam, Viral neuraminidase, World Health Organization, World Organisation for Animal Health, Wuxi, Xinhua News Agency, Yoshihiro Kawaoka, Zanamivir, Zhejiang, Zhejiang University, Zoonosis. Expand index (46 more) » « Shrink index
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a medical condition occurring in critically ill or critically wounded patients characterized by widespread inflammation in the lungs.
Anhui is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the eastern region of the country.
Antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) occurs when non-neutralising antiviral proteins facilitate virus entry into host cells, leading to increased infectivity in the cells.
Antigenic shift is the process by which two or more different strains of a virus, or strains of two or more different viruses, combine to form a new subtype having a mixture of the surface antigens of the two or more original strains.
Avian influenza—known informally as avian flu or bird flu is a variety of influenza caused by viruses adapted to birds.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
The Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) is a U.S. Department of Health and Human Services office responsible for procurement and development of countermeasures principally against bioterrorism, but also including chemical, nuclear and radiological threats as well as pandemic influenza and emerging diseases.
A biosafety level is a set of biocontainment precautions required to isolate dangerous biological agents in an enclosed laboratory facility.
Bird migration is the regular seasonal movement, often north and south along a flyway, between breeding and wintering grounds.
British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is a regulatory agency that is dedicated to the safeguarding of food, animals, and plants, which enhance the health and well-being of Canada's people, environment and economy.
CBC News is the division of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation responsible for the news gathering and production of news programs on the corporation's English-language operations, namely CBC Television, CBC Radio, CBC News Network, and CBC.ca.
The Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP) is a center within the University of Minnesota that focuses on addressing public health preparedness and emerging infectious disease response.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States.
The Centre for Health Protection is an agency under the Department of Health in Hong Kong and responsible for health and safety.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CCDC) is an agency of the Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China based in Beijing, China.
Chinese New Year, usually known as the Spring Festival in modern China, is an important Chinese festival celebrated at the turn of the traditional lunisolar Chinese calendar.
Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is inflammation of the outermost layer of the white part of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelid.
Cytokine release syndrome is a form of systemic inflammatory response syndrome that arises as a complication of some diseases or infections, and is also an adverse effect of some monoclonal antibody drugs, as well as adoptive T-cell therapies.
Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus.
The East Asian–Australasian Flyway is one of the world's great flyways.
The Federal Ministry for Food and Agriculture (Bundesministerium für Ernährung und Landwirtschaft), abbreviated BMEL, is a cabinet-level ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany.
The ferret (Mustela putorius furo) is the domesticated form of the European polecat, a mammal belonging to the same genus as the weasel, Mustela of the family Mustelidae.
Fujian (pronounced), formerly romanised as Foken, Fouken, Fukien, and Hokkien, is a province on the southeast coast of mainland China.
The GISAID Initiative is widely credited for successfully enabling the rapid sharing of influenza virus data through a unique sharing mechanism, that was recognized for its importance to global health by all G20 health ministers in 2017.
Guangdong is a province in South China, located on the South China Sea coast.
Hangzhou (Mandarin:; local dialect: /ɦɑŋ tseɪ/) formerly romanized as Hangchow, is the capital and most populous city of Zhejiang Province in East China.
Hemagglutinin or haemagglutinin (British English)p refers to a substance that causes red blood cells (RBCs) to agglutinate.
Influenza hemagglutinin (HA) or haemagglutininp (British English) is a glycoprotein found on the surface of influenza viruses.
Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Hunan is the 7th most populous province of China and the 10th most extensive by area.
is a prefecture-level city in northern Zhejiang province, China.
Influenza A virus causes influenza in birds and some mammals, and is the only species of influenza virus A genus of the Orthomyxoviridae family of viruses.
Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, also known as A(H5N1) or simply H5N1, is a subtype of the influenza A virus which can cause illness in humans and many other animal species.
H7N2 is a subtype of the species Influenza A virus.
H7N3 is a subtype of the species Influenza A virus (sometimes called bird flu virus).
H7N7 is a subtype of Influenza A virus, a genus of Orthomyxovirus, the viruses responsible for influenza.
H9N2 is a subtype of the species Influenza A virus (bird flu virus).
Influenza research involves investigating molecular virology, pathogenesis, host immune responses, genomics, and epidemiology regarding influenza.
The J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI) is a non-profit genomics research institute founded by J. Craig Venter, Ph.D. in October 2006.
JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association is a peer-reviewed medical journal published 48 times a year by the American Medical Association.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Jiangsu, formerly romanized as Kiangsu, is an eastern-central coastal province of the People's Republic of China.
Jiangxi, formerly spelled as Kiangsi Gan: Kongsi) is a province in the People's Republic of China, located in the southeast of the country. Spanning from the banks of the Yangtze river in the north into hillier areas in the south and east, it shares a border with Anhui to the north, Zhejiang to the northeast, Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, Hunan to the west, and Hubei to the northwest. The name "Jiangxi" derives from the circuit administrated under the Tang dynasty in 733, Jiangnanxidao (道, Circuit of Western Jiangnan; Gan: Kongnomsitau). The short name for Jiangxi is 赣 (pinyin: Gàn; Gan: Gōm), for the Gan River which runs across from the south to the north and flows into the Yangtze River. Jiangxi is also alternately called Ganpo Dadi (贛鄱大地) which literally means the "Great Land of Gan and Po".
Keiji Fukuda (福田 敬二, born 1954) is an American physician with expertise in influenza epidemiology.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Minhang District, is a suburban district of Shanghai with a land area of and population of 2,429,000 residents as of 2010.
The Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) was an executive state agency within the government of the People's Republic of China.
The Ministry of Health (Abbreviation: MOH; Kementerian Kesihatan; Chinese: 新加坡卫生部; சுகாதார அமைச்சு) is a ministry of the Government of Singapore responsible for providing information, raising health awareness and education, ensuring the accessibility of health services, and monitoring the quality of health services provided to citizens and visitors in the Republic of Singapore.
The Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China (MOH) was an executive agency of the state which plays the role of providing information, raising health awareness and education, ensuring the accessibility of health services, and monitoring the quality of health services provided to citizens and visitors in the mainland of the People's Republic of China.
Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.
Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), also known as multiple organ failure (MOF), total organ failure (TOF) or multisystem organ failure (MSOF), is altered organ function in an acutely ill patient requiring medical intervention to achieve homeostasis.
Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500.
National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China (NHFPC) was the executive agency under the State Council which is responsible for providing information, raising health awareness and education, family planning, ensuring the accessibility of health services, monitoring the quality of health services provided to citizens and visitors in the mainland, population and family planning in the People's Republic of China.
Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
Neil Seeman is a Canadian Internet entrepreneur and health policy researcher.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Neuraminidase enzymes are glycoside hydrolase enzymes that cleave the glycosidic linkages of neuraminic acids.
Neuraminidase inhibitors (NAIs) are a class of drugs which block the neuraminidase enzyme.
Novartis International AG is a Swiss multinational pharmaceutical company based in Basel, Switzerland.
Novavax, Inc. is a clinical-stage vaccine company headquartered in Gaithersburg, Maryland with additional facilities in Rockville, Maryland and Uppsala, Sweden.
Organ dysfunction is a condition where an organ does not perform its expected function.
Oseltamivir, sold under the brand name Tamiflu, is an antiviral medication used to treat and prevent influenza A and influenza B (flu).
A pandemic (from Greek πᾶν pan "all" and δῆμος demos "people") is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide.
Peking Union Medical College, founded in 1917, is one of the most selective medical colleges in China.
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli.
The Public Health Agency of Canada (French: Agence de la santé publique du Canada) is an agency of the Government of Canada that is responsible for public health, emergency preparedness, and response and infectious and chronic disease control and prevention.
Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that arises when the body's response to infection causes injury to its own tissues and organs.
A serotype or serovar is a distinct variation within a species of bacteria or virus or among immune cells of different individuals.
Shandong (formerly romanized as Shantung) is a coastal province of the People's Republic of China, and is part of the East China region.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
Songjiang, is a suburban district, formerly a county, of Shanghai.
Suzhou (Wu Chinese), formerly romanized as Soochow, is a major city located in southeastern Jiangsu Province of East China, about northwest of Shanghai.
The BMJ is a weekly peer-reviewed medical journal.
The Brunei Times was an independent English-language daily compact broadsheet newspaper published in Brunei Darussalam from 2006 to 2016.
The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) is a weekly medical journal published by the Massachusetts Medical Society.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
A transgene is a gene or genetic material that has been transferred naturally, or by any of a number of genetic engineering techniques from one organism to another.
Transmission and infection of H5N1 from infected avian sources to humans has been a concern since the first documented case of human infection in 1997, due to the global spread of H5N1 that constitutes a pandemic threat.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The University of Hong Kong (often abbreviated as HKU) is a public research university located in Pokfulam, Hong Kong.
The University of Toronto (U of T, UToronto, or Toronto) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on the grounds that surround Queen's Park.
A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Viral neuraminidase is a type of neuraminidase found on the surface of influenza viruses that enables the virus to be released from the host cell.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) is an intergovernmental organization coordinating, supporting and promoting animal disease control.
Wuxi is a city in southern Jiangsu province, China.
Xinhua News Agency (English pronunciation: J. C. Wells: Longman Pronunciation Dictionary, 3rd ed., for both British and American English) or New China News Agency is the official state-run press agency of the People's Republic of China.
is a virologist specializing in the study of the influenza and Ebola viruses.
Zanamivir is a medication used to treat and prevent influenza caused by influenza A and B viruses.
, formerly romanized as Chekiang, is an eastern coastal province of China.
Zhejiang University (ZJU, also known as Che Kiang University), sometimes referred to as Zheda, is an elite C9 League university in China. It is also a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University. Founded in 1897, Zhejiang University is one of China's oldest, most selective and most prestigious institutions of higher education. It is also a member of the Yangtze Delta Universities Alliance and the Association of Pacific Rim Universities. The university campus is located in the city of Hangzhou, approximately southwest of Shanghai. Zhejiang University Library's collection contains about 7 million volumes, making it one of China's largest academic libraries.
Zoonoses are infectious diseases that can be transmitted between animals and humans.