94 relations: Africa, Airport, Anthropocentrism, Asia-Pacific, Asset Management Plan, Base and superstructure, Bond (finance), Bridge, Broadband, China, Civil defense, Commodity, Developing country, Development aid, Development economics, Dialectic, Economic growth, Economy, Ecosystem, Electrical grid, Electricity, Emergency service, Energy, Engineer, Financial services, Fixed asset, Fragile state, French language, Government, Green infrastructure, Gross domestic product, Hard infrastructure, Hospital, Human capital, Information and communications technology, Information technology, Infrastructure as a service, Infrastructure asset management, Infrastructure security, Infrastructure-based development, Interconnectivity, Internet access, Irrigation, IT infrastructure, Land development, Land-use planning, Latin, Latin America, List of financial institutions that invest in infrastructure, Logistics, ..., Marxism, Megaproject, Military, Millennium Development Goals, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, NATO, OECD, Overseas Development Institute, Politics, Poverty, Private sector, Project finance, Public capital, Public sector, Public service, Public utility, Public works, Public–private partnership, Quality of life, Rail transport, Real property, Recreation, Road, Sanitation, School, Sewage, Singapore, Social network, Soft infrastructure, Stormwater, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subgrade, Sustainability, Sustainable architecture, Sustainable engineering, Telecommunication, Transport, Tunnel, Urban planning, Urban runoff, Urbanization, Washington, D.C., Water, Water supply. Expand index (44 more) » « Shrink index
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
An airport is an aerodrome with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport.
Anthropocentrism (from Greek ἄνθρωπος, ánthrōpos, "human being"; and κέντρον, kéntron, "center") is the belief that human beings are the most significant entity of the universe.
Asia-Pacific or Asia Pacific (abbreviated as APAC, Asia-Pac, AsPac, APJ, JAPA or JAPAC) is the part of the world in or near the Western Pacific Ocean.
An asset management plan (AMP) is a tactical plan for managing an organisation's infrastructure and other assets to deliver an agreed standard of service.
In Marxist theory, human society consists of two parts: the base (or substructure) and superstructure.
In finance, a bond is an instrument of indebtedness of the bond issuer to the holders.
A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles without closing the way underneath such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle.
In telecommunications, broadband is wide bandwidth data transmission which transports multiple signals and traffic types.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Civil defense or civil protection is an effort to protect the citizens of a state (generally non-combatants) from military attacks and natural disasters.
In economics, a commodity is an economic good or service that has full or substantial fungibility: that is, the market treats instances of the good as equivalent or nearly so with no regard to who produced them.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
Development aid or development cooperation (also development assistance, technical assistance, international aid, overseas aid, official development assistance (ODA), or foreign aid) is financial aid given by governments and other agencies to support the economic, environmental, social, and political development of developing countries.
Development economics is a branch of economics which deals with economic aspects of the development process in low income countries.
Dialectic or dialectics (διαλεκτική, dialektikḗ; related to dialogue), also known as the dialectical method, is at base a discourse between two or more people holding different points of view about a subject but wishing to establish the truth through reasoned arguments.
Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time.
An economy (from Greek οίκος – "household" and νέμoμαι – "manage") is an area of the production, distribution, or trade, and consumption of goods and services by different agents.
An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.
An electrical grid is an interconnected network for delivering electricity from producers to consumers.
Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and motion of electric charge.
Emergency services and rescue services are organizations which ensure public safety and health by addressing different emergencies.
In physics, energy is the quantitative property that must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat, the object.
Engineers, as practitioners of engineering, are people who invent, design, analyze, build, and test machines, systems, structures and materials to fulfill objectives and requirements while considering the limitations imposed by practicality, regulation, safety, and cost.
Financial services are the economic services provided by the finance industry, which encompasses a broad range of businesses that manage money, including credit unions, banks, credit-card companies, insurance companies, accountancy companies, consumer-finance companies, stock brokerages, investment funds, individual managers and some government-sponsored enterprises.
Fixed assets, also known as tangible assets or property, plant and equipment (PP&E), is a term used in accounting for assets and property that cannot easily be converted into cash.
A fragile state is a low-income country characterized by weak state capacity and/or weak state legitimacy leaving citizens vulnerable to a range of shocks.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
Green Infrastructure or blue-green infrastructure is a network providing the “ingredients” for solving urban and climatic challenges by building with nature.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Hard infrastructure is the physical infrastructure of roads, bridges etc., as opposed to the soft infrastructure of human capital and the institutions that cultivate infrastructure.
A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized medical and nursing staff and medical equipment.
Human capital is a term popularized by Gary Becker, an economist and Nobel Laureate from the University of Chicago, and Jacob Mincer.
Information and communication technology (ICT) is another/extensional term for information technology (IT) which stresses the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals), computers as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audio-visual systems, which enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information.
Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise.
Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) refers to online services that provide high-level APIs used to dereference various low-level details of underlying network infrastructure like physical computing resources, location, data partitioning, scaling, security, backup etc.
Infrastructure asset management is the integrated, multidisciplinary set of strategies in sustaining public infrastructure assets such as water treatment facilities, sewer lines, roads, utility grids, bridges, and railways.
Infrastructure security is the security provided to protect infrastructure, especially critical infrastructure, such as airports, highways rail transport, hospitals, bridges, transport hubs, network communications, media, the electricity grid, dams, power plants, seaports, oil refineries, and water systems.
Infrastructure-based economic development also called infrastructure-driven development combines key policy characteristics inherited from the Rooseveltian progressivist tradition and Neo-Keynesian economics in the United States, France's Gaullist and Neo-Colbertist centralized economic planning, Scandinavian social democracy as well as Singaporean and Chinese state capitalism: it holds that a substantial proportion of a nation’s resources must be systematically directed towards long term assets such as transportation, energy and social infrastructure (schools, universities, hospitals…) in the name of long term economic efficiency (stimulating growth in economically lagging regions and fostering technological innovation) and social equity (providing free education and affordable healthcare).
Interconnectivity refers to the state or quality of being connected together, or to the potential to connect in an easy and effective way.
Internet access is the ability of individuals and organizations to connect to the Internet using computer terminals, computers, and other devices; and to access services such as email and the World Wide Web.
Irrigation is the application of controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals.
Information technology infrastructure is defined broadly as a set of information technology (IT) components that are the foundation of an IT service; typically physical components (computer and networking hardware and facilities), but also various software and network components.
Land development is altering the landscape in any number of ways such as.
In urban planning, land-use planning seeks to order and regulate land use in an efficient and ethical way, thus preventing land-use conflicts.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.
Major infrastructure investors include.
Logistics is generally the detailed organization and implementation of a complex operation.
Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.
A megaproject is an extremely large-scale investment project.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were the eight international development goals for the year 2015 that had been established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration.
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (also known as "NASEM" or "the National Academies") is the collective scientific national academy of the United States.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) is an independent think tank on international development and humanitarian issues, founded in 1960.
Politics (from Politiká, meaning "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.
Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.
The private sector is the part of the economy, sometimes referred to as the citizen sector, which is run by private individuals or groups, usually as a means of enterprise for profit, and is not controlled by the State.
Project finance is the long-term financing of infrastructure and industrial projects based upon the projected cash flows of the project rather than the balance sheets of its sponsors.
Public capital is the aggregate body of government-owned assets that are used as a means for productivity.
The public sector (also called the state sector) is the part of the economy composed of both public services and public enterprises.
Public service is a service which is provided by government to people living within its jurisdiction, either directly (through the public sector) or by financing provision of services.
A public utility (usually just utility) is an organization that maintains the infrastructure for a public service (often also providing a service using that infrastructure).
Public works (or internal improvements historically in the United States)Carter Goodrich, (Greenwood Press, 1960)Stephen Minicucci,, Studies in American Political Development (2004), 18:2:160-185 Cambridge University Press.
A public–private partnership (PPP, 3P or P3) is a cooperative arrangement between two or more public and private sectors, typically of a long-term nature.
Quality of life (QOL) is the general well-being of individuals and societies, outlining negative and positive features of life.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
In English common law, real property, real estate, realty, or immovable property is land which is the property of some person and all structures (also called improvements or fixtures) integrated with or affixed to the land, including crops, buildings, machinery, wells, dams, ponds, mines, canals, and roads, among other things.
Recreation is an activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time.
A road is a thoroughfare, route, or way on land between two places that has been paved or otherwise improved to allow travel by foot or some form of conveyance, including a motor vehicle, cart, bicycle, or horse.
Sanitation refers to public health conditions related to clean drinking water and adequate treatment and disposal of human excreta and sewage.
A school is an institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers.
Sewage (or domestic wastewater or municipal wastewater) is a type of wastewater that is produced from a community of people.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
A social network is a social structure made up of a set of social actors (such as individuals or organizations), sets of dyadic ties, and other social interactions between actors.
Soft infrastructure is all the services which are required to maintain the economic, health, and cultural and social standards of a population.
Stormwater, also spelled storm water, is water that originates during precipitation events and snow/ice melt.
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara.
In transport engineering, subgrade is the native material underneath a constructed road,http://www.highwaysmaintenance.com/drainage.htm The Idiots' Guide to Highways Maintenance highwaysmaintenence.com pavement or railway (US: railroad) track.
Sustainability is the process of change, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations.
Sustainable architecture is architecture that seeks to minimize the negative environmental impact of buildings by efficiency and moderation in the use of materials, energy, and development space and the ecosystem at large.
Sustainable engineering is the process of designing or operating systems such that they use energy and resources sustainably, in other words, at a rate that does not compromise the natural environment, or the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.
Transport or transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another.
A tunnel is an underground passageway, dug through the surrounding soil/earth/rock and enclosed except for entrance and exit, commonly at each end.
Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use in an urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.
Urban runoff is surface runoff of rainwater created by urbanization.
Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban residency, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to this change.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Water supply is the provision of water by public utilities commercial organisations, community endeavors or by individuals, usually via a system of pumps and pipes.
Capital programme, Capital programmes, Civil infrastructure, Civil infrastructure system, Communications infrastructure, Electrical infrastructure, Fixed stock, Infastructure, Infra structure, Infrastructural, Infrastructures, Infrustructure, Military infrastructure, Non-building, Nonbuilding, Physical infrastructure, Public works management, Rural infrastructure, Urban infrastructure, Water infrastructure.