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Init

Index Init

In Unix-based computer operating systems, init (short for initialization) is the first process started during booting of the computer system. [1]

70 relations: AntiX, Asynchrony (computer programming), Berkeley Software Distribution, Booting, BusyBox, Cross-platform, Daemon (computing), Darwin (operating system), Embedded operating system, Fedora (operating system), Filename, FreeBSD, Gentoo Linux, Getty (Unix), GNOME Display Manager, GNU, GNU Guile, GoboLinux, Hard coding, History of the Berkeley Software Distribution, HP-UX, IBM AIX, Illumos, Initng, Input/output, IOS, KDE Display Manager, Kernel (operating system), Kernel panic, Launchd, Linux distribution, Linux From Scratch, MacOS, NetBSD, OpenRC, OpenWrt, Operating system, Operating system service management, Oracle Corporation, Orphan process, Pardus (operating system), Parent process, Process (computing), Process identifier, Python (programming language), Reboot, Research Unix, Runit, Runlevel, Service Management Facility, ..., Session Manager Subsystem, Shell script, Single user mode, Slackware, Solaris (operating system), Superuser, Systemd, SystemStarter, TvOS, Ubuntu (operating system), Unix, UNIX System III, UNIX System V, UnixWare, Upstart, Void Linux, Who (Unix), Windowing system, X display manager (program type), X Window System. Expand index (20 more) »

AntiX

antiX is a Linux distribution built directly on Debian Stable.

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Asynchrony (computer programming)

Asynchrony, in computer programming, refers to the occurrence of events independent of the main program flow and ways to deal with such events.

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Berkeley Software Distribution

Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) was a Unix operating system derivative developed and distributed by the Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) of the University of California, Berkeley, from 1977 to 1995.

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Booting

In computing, booting is starting up a computer or computer appliance until it can be used.

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BusyBox

BusyBox is software that provides several stripped-down Unix tools in a single executable file.

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Cross-platform

In computing, cross-platform software (also multi-platform software or platform-independent software) is computer software that is implemented on multiple computing platforms.

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Daemon (computing)

In multitasking computer operating systems, a daemon is a computer program that runs as a background process, rather than being under the direct control of an interactive user.

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Darwin (operating system)

Darwin is an open-source Unix operating system first released by Apple Inc. in 2000.

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Embedded operating system

An embedded operating system is an operating system for embedded computer systems.

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Fedora (operating system)

Fedora is a Linux distribution developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat.

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Filename

A filename (also written as two words, file name) is a name used to uniquely identify a computer file stored in a file system.

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FreeBSD

FreeBSD is a free and open-source Unix-like operating system descended from Research Unix via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD).

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Gentoo Linux

Gentoo Linux (pronounced) is a Linux distribution built using the Portage package management system.

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Getty (Unix)

getty, short for "get tty", is a Unix program running on a host computer that manages physical or virtual terminals (TTYs).

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GNOME Display Manager

GNOME Display Manager (GDM) is a display manager (a graphical login program) for the windowing systems X11 and Wayland.

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GNU

GNU is an operating system and an extensive collection of computer software.

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GNU Guile

GNU Guile is the preferred extension system for the GNU Project, which features an implementation of the Scheme programming language.

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GoboLinux

GoboLinux is an open source operating system whose most prominent feature is a reorganization of the traditional Linux file system.

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Hard coding

Hard coding (also hard-coding or hardcoding) is the software development practice of embedding data directly into the source code of a program or other executable object, as opposed to obtaining the data from external sources or generating it at run-time.

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History of the Berkeley Software Distribution

The History of the Berkeley Software Distribution begins in the 1970s.

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HP-UX

HP-UX (from "Hewlett Packard Unix") is Hewlett Packard Enterprise's proprietary implementation of the Unix operating system, based on UNIX System V (initially System III) and first released in 1984.

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IBM AIX

AIX (Advanced Interactive eXecutive, pronounced) is a series of proprietary Unix operating systems developed and sold by IBM for several of its computer platforms.

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Illumos

illumos is a free and open-source Unix operating system.

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Initng

Initng is a full replacement of the UNIX System V init, the first process spawned by the kernel in Unix-like computer operating systems, which is responsible for the initialization of every other process.

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Input/output

In computing, input/output or I/O (or, informally, io or IO) is the communication between an information processing system, such as a computer, and the outside world, possibly a human or another information processing system.

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IOS

iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware.

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KDE Display Manager

KDE Display Manager (KDM) is a display manager (a graphical login program) developed by KDE for the windowing systems X11 and Wayland.

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Kernel (operating system)

The kernel is a computer program that is the core of a computer's operating system, with complete control over everything in the system.

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Kernel panic

A kernel panic (sometimes abbreviated as KP) is a safety measure taken by an operating system's kernel upon detecting an internal fatal error in which it either is unable to safely recover from or cannot have the system continue to run without having a much higher risk of major data loss.

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Launchd

In computing, launchd, a unified service-management framework, starts, stops and manages daemons, applications, processes, and scripts in macOS.

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Linux distribution

A Linux distribution (often abbreviated as distro) is an operating system made from a software collection, which is based upon the Linux kernel and, often, a package management system.

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Linux From Scratch

Linux From Scratch (LFS) is a type of a Linux installation and the name of a book written by Gerard Beekmans, and currently mainly maintained by Bruce Dubbs.

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MacOS

macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.

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NetBSD

NetBSD is a free and open source Unix-like operating system that descends from Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), a Research Unix derivative developed at the University of California, Berkeley.

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OpenRC

On Unix-like systems, OpenRC is a dependency-based init.

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OpenWrt

OpenWrt is an open source project for embedded operating system based on Linux, primarily used on embedded devices to route network traffic.

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Operating system

An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.

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Operating system service management

In computing, mechanisms and techniques for managing services often differ by operating system.

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Oracle Corporation

Oracle Corporation is an American multinational computer technology corporation, headquartered in Redwood Shores, California.

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Orphan process

An orphan process is a computer process whose parent process has finished or terminated, though it remains running itself.

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Pardus (operating system)

Pardus is a Linux distribution developed with support from the Turkish government.

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Parent process

In computing, a parent process is a process that has created one or more child processes.

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Process (computing)

In computing, a process is an instance of a computer program that is being executed.

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Process identifier

In computing, the process identifier testing (normally referred to as the process ID or PID) is a number used by most operating system kernels—such as those of UNIX, macOS and Microsoft Windows—to uniquely identify an active process.

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Python (programming language)

Python is an interpreted high-level programming language for general-purpose programming.

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Reboot

In computing, rebooting is the process by which a running computer system is restarted, either intentionally or unintentionally.

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Research Unix

Research Unix is a term used to refer to versions of the Unix operating system for DEC PDP-7, PDP-11, VAX and Interdata 7/32 and 8/32 computers, developed in the Bell Labs Computing Science Research Center (frequently referred to as Department 1127).

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Runit

runit is an init scheme for Unix-like operating systems that initializes, supervises, and ends processes throughout the operating system.

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Runlevel

Runlevel is a mode of operation in the computer operating systems that implement Unix System V-style initialization.

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Service Management Facility

Service Management Facility (SMF) is a feature of the Solaris operating system that creates a supported, unified model for services and service management on each Solaris system and replaces init.d scripts.

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Session Manager Subsystem

Session Manager Subsystem, or smss.exe, is a component of the Microsoft Windows NT family of operating systems, starting in Windows NT 3.1.

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Shell script

A shell script is a computer program designed to be run by the Unix shell, a command-line interpreter.

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Single user mode

Single user mode is a mode in which a multiuser computer operating system boots into a single superuser.

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Slackware

Slackware is a Linux distribution created by Patrick Volkerding in 1993.

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Solaris (operating system)

Solaris is a Unix operating system originally developed by Sun Microsystems.

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Superuser

In computing, the superuser is a special user account used for system administration.

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Systemd

systemd is a suite of software that provides fundamental building blocks for a Linux operating system.

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SystemStarter

SystemStarter is a system program in Mac OS X, started by Mac OS X's BSD-style init prior to Mac OS X v10.4 and by launchd in Mac OS X v10.4 and later releases, that starts system processes specified by a set of property lists.

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TvOS

tvOS is an operating system developed by Apple Inc. for the fourth-generation and later Apple TV digital media player.

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Ubuntu (operating system)

Ubuntu (stylized as ubuntu) is a free and open source operating system and Linux distribution based on Debian.

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Unix

Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.

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UNIX System III

UNIX System III (or System 3) is a discontinued version of the Unix operating system released by AT&T's Unix Support Group (USG).

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UNIX System V

UNIX System V (pronounced: "System Five") is one of the first commercial versions of the Unix operating system.

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UnixWare

UnixWare is a Unix operating system.

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Upstart

Upstart is an event-based replacement for the traditional init daemon the method by which several Unix-like computer operating systems perform tasks when the computer is started.

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Void Linux

Void Linux is an independent Linux distribution that uses the XBPS (the X Binary Package System) package manager, which was designed and implemented from scratch, and the runit init system.

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Who (Unix)

The standard Unix command who displays a list of users who are currently logged into the computer.

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Windowing system

In computing, a windowing system (or window system) is software that manages separately different parts of display screens.

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X display manager (program type)

In the X Window System, an X display manager is a graphical login manager which starts a session on an X server from the same or another computer.

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X Window System

The X Window System (X11, or shortened to simply X) is a windowing system for bitmap displays, common on UNIX-like computer operating systems.

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Redirects here:

/etc/init.d, /etc/rc, /sbin/init, Init daemon, Init process, Init system, Init.d, Initscripts, Inittab, PID 1, S6 (software), Startup script, Startup scripts, SysV init, SysV-style, SysV-style init, SysVinit, System V init daemon, Sysvinit, Telinit.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Init

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