107 relations: Aceh, Al-Mu'izz li-Din Allah, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Rome, Animal glue, Atramentum, Blue Wool Scale, Bone char, Brittle Books Program, Brush, Buddhism, Caliphate, Cao Wei, Carbon black, Cellulose, Cephalopod ink, Check washing, Colorfulness, Conservation and restoration of illuminated manuscripts, Crystal, Design, Drawing, Dye, East Turkestan, Ecofont, Egypt, Election ink, Electoral fraud, Europe, Fluorescence, Fountain pen, Fountain pen ink, Fraud, Gall, Gamut, Gel pen, Graphite, Gum arabic, Heavy metals, Hue, HuffPost, Image, India, India ink, Indonesia, Ink brush, Ink eraser, Inkjet printing, Inkstick, Invisible ink, ..., Iron gall ink, Jainism, Johann Sebastian Bach, Johannes Gutenberg, Kharosthi, Letterpress printing, Lightfastness, Lightness, Liquid, List of Neolithic cultures of China, Lithography, Lubricant, Malaysia, Mali, Mexico, Micellar solubilization, Micrometre, Middle Ages, Mineral oil, Molecule, Mortar and pestle, Optical brightener, P-Anisidine, Papyrus, Parchment, Pen, Pharmaceutical ink, Pigment, Preservation (library and archival science), Printing, Printing press, Puffball, Pulp (paper), Quill, Relative humidity, Resin, Sizing, Solvent, Soot, South India, Soy ink, Stark's ink, Surfactant, Suspended solids, Sustainability, Tattoo ink, The Christian Science Monitor, Toner, Turpentine, United States Government Publishing Office, University of Virginia Press, Varnish, Vegetable oil, Vellum, Volatile organic compound, Warring States period, Writing. Expand index (57 more) » « Shrink index
Aceh; (Acehnese: Acèh; Jawoë:; Dutch: Atjeh or Aceh) is a province of Indonesia.
Abu Tamim Maad al-Muizz li-Dinillah (26 September 932 – 19 December 975) (lit), also spelled as al-Moezz, was the fourth Fatimid Caliph and 14th Ismaili imam, and reigned from 953 to 975.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
An animal glue is an adhesive that is created by prolonged boiling of animal connective tissue.
Atramentum or atrament, generally means a very black, usually liquid, substance.
The Blue Wool Scale measures and calibrates the permanence of colouring dyes.
Bone char (carbo animalis.) is a porous, black, granular material produced by charring animal bones.
The Brittle Books Program is an initiative carried out by the National Endowment for the Humanities at the request of the United States Congress.
A brush is a common tool with bristles, wire or other filaments.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
A caliphate (خِلافة) is a state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the title of caliph (خَليفة), a person considered a religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a leader of the entire ummah (community).
Wei (220–266), also known as Cao Wei, was one of the three major states that competed for supremacy over China in the Three Kingdoms period (220–280).
Carbon black (subtypes are acetylene black, channel black, furnace black, lamp black and thermal black) is a material produced by the incomplete combustion of heavy petroleum products such as FCC tar, coal tar, ethylene cracking tar, with the addition of a small amount of vegetable oil.
Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.
Cephalopod ink is a dark pigment released into water by most species of cephalopod, usually as an escape mechanism.
Check washing is the process of erasing details from checks to allow them to be rewritten, usually for criminal purposes such as fraudulent withdrawal from the victim's bank account.
Colorfulness, chroma and saturation are attributes of perceived color relating to chromatic intensity.
Preserving parchment becomes more difficult when pigments, inks, and illumination are added into the equation.
A crystal or crystalline solid is a solid material whose constituents (such as atoms, molecules, or ions) are arranged in a highly ordered microscopic structure, forming a crystal lattice that extends in all directions.
Design is the creation of a plan or convention for the construction of an object, system or measurable human interaction (as in architectural blueprints, engineering drawings, business processes, circuit diagrams, and sewing patterns).
Drawing is a form of visual art in which a person uses various drawing instruments to mark paper or another two-dimensional medium.
A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.
East Turkestan (Uyghur: شەرقىي تۈركىستان, Шәрқий Түркистан, Shərqiy Türkistan) also known as Eastern Turkistan, Uyghurstan, Uyghuristan is a political term with multiple meanings depending on context and usage.
Ecofont is the name of a TrueType font family, an application program for Windows, and a Dutch business firm.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Electoral ink, indelible ink, electoral stain or phosphoric ink is a semi-permanent ink or dye that is applied to the forefinger (usually) of voters during elections in order to prevent electoral fraud such as double voting.
Electoral fraud, election manipulation, or vote rigging is illegal interference with the process of an election, whether by increasing the vote share of the favored candidate, depressing the vote share of the rival candidates, or both.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Fluorescence is the emission of light by a substance that has absorbed light or other electromagnetic radiation.
A fountain pen is a nib pen that, unlike its predecessor, the dip pen, contains an internal reservoir of liquid ink.
Fountain pen ink is a water-based ink intended for use with fountain pens.
In law, fraud is deliberate deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain, or to deprive a victim of a legal right.
Galls or cecidia are a kind of swelling growth on the external tissues of plants or animals.
In color reproduction, including computer graphics and photography, the gamut, or color gamut, is a certain complete subset of colors.
A gel pen uses ink in which pigment is suspended in a water-based gel.
Graphite, archaically referred to as plumbago, is a crystalline allotrope of carbon, a semimetal, a native element mineral, and a form of coal.
Gum arabic, also known as acacia gum, arabic gum, gum acacia, acacia, Senegal gum and Indian gum, and by other names, is a natural gum consisting of the hardened sap of various species of the acacia tree.
Heavy metals are generally defined as metals with relatively high densities, atomic weights, or atomic numbers.
Hue is one of the main properties (called color appearance parameters) of a color, defined technically (in the CIECAM02 model), as "the degree to which a stimulus can be described as similar to or different from stimuli that are described as red, green, blue, and yellow", (which in certain theories of color vision are called unique hues).
HuffPost (formerly The Huffington Post and sometimes abbreviated HuffPo) is a liberal American news and opinion website and blog that has both localized and international editions.
An image (from imago) is an artifact that depicts visual perception, for example, a photo or a two-dimensional picture, that has a similar appearance to some subject—usually a physical object or a person, thus providing a depiction of it.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
India ink (British English: Indian Ink; also Chinese ink) is a simple black or colored ink once widely used for writing and printing and now more commonly used for drawing and outlining, especially when inking comic books and comic strips.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Ink brushes are used in Chinese calligraphy.
An ink eraser is an instrument used to remove ink from a writing surface, more difficult than removing pencil markings.
Inkjet printing is a type of computer printing that recreates a digital image by propelling droplets of ink onto paper, plastic, or other substrates.
Inksticks (Chinese: 墨; Japanese: 墨 Sumi; Korean: 먹 Meok) or Ink Cakes are a type of solid ink (India ink) used traditionally in several East Asian cultures for calligraphy and brush painting.
Invisible ink, also known as security ink, is a substance used for writing, which is invisible either on application or soon thereafter, and can later be made visible by some means.
Iron gall ink (also known as iron gall nut ink, oak gall ink, and common ink) is a purple-black or brown-black ink made from iron salts and tannic acids from vegetable sources.
Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.
Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.
Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg (– February 3, 1468) was a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to Europe with the printing press.
The Kharosthi script, also spelled Kharoshthi or Kharoṣṭhī, is an ancient script used in ancient Gandhara and ancient India (primarily modern-day Afghanistan and Pakistan) to write the Gandhari Prakrit and Sanskrit.
Letterpress printing is a technique of relief printing using a printing press, a process by which many copies are produced by repeated direct impression of an inked, raised surface against sheets or a continuous roll of paper.
Lightfastness is a property of a colourant such as dye or pigment that describes how resistant to fading it is when exposed to light.
In colorimetry and color theory, lightness, also known as value or tone, is a representation of variation in the perception of a color or color space's brightness.
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure.
This is a list of Neolithic cultures of China that have been unearthed by archaeologists.
Lithography is a method of printing originally based on the immiscibility of oil and water.
A lubricant is a substance, usually organic, introduced to reduce friction between surfaces in mutual contact, which ultimately reduces the heat generated when the surfaces move.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (République du Mali), is a landlocked country in West Africa, a region geologically identified with the West African Craton.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Micellar solubilization (solubilization) is the process of incorporating the solubilizate (the component that undergoes solublization) into or onto micelles.
The micrometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: μm) or micrometer (American spelling), also commonly known as a micron, is an SI derived unit of length equaling (SI standard prefix "micro-".
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Mineral oil is any of various colorless, odorless, light mixtures of higher alkanes from a mineral source, particularly a distillate of petroleum.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
A mortar and pestle is a kitchen implement used since ancient times to prepare ingredients or substances by crushing and grinding them into a fine paste or powder.
Optical brighteners, optical brightening agents (OBAs), fluorescent brightening agents (FBAs), or fluorescent whitening agents (FWAs), are chemical compounds that absorb light in the ultraviolet and violet region (usually 340-370 nm) of the electromagnetic spectrum, and re-emit light in the blue region (typically 420-470 nm) by fluorescence.
para-Anisidine (p-anisidine) is an organic compound with the formula CH3OC6H4NH2.
Papyrus is a material similar to thick paper that was used in ancient times as a writing surface.
Parchment is a writing material made from specially prepared untanned skins of animals—primarily sheep, calves, and goats.
A pen is a common writing instrument used to apply ink to a surface, usually paper, for writing or drawing.
Pharmaceutical ink is an ingestible form of water-based ink used on most medicine pills to indicate which drug it is, and/or how many milligrams the pill contains.
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.
Preservation refers to the set of activities that aims to prolong the life of a record with as little changes to the original record as possible.
Printing is a process for reproducing text and images using a master form or template.
A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink.
A puffball is a member of any of several groups of fungi in the division Basidiomycota.
Pulp is a lignocellulosic fibrous material prepared by chemically or mechanically separating cellulose fibres from wood, fiber crops, waste paper, or rags.
A quill pen is a writing implement made from a moulted flight feather (preferably a primary wing-feather) of a large bird.
Relative humidity (RH) is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at a given temperature.
In polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a "solid or highly viscous substance" of plant or synthetic origin that is typically convertible into polymers.
Sizing or size is any one of numerous substances that is applied to, or incorporated into, other materials — especially papers and textiles — to act as a protective filler or glaze.
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
Soot is a mass of impure carbon particles resulting from the incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons.
South India is the area encompassing the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana as well as the union territories of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Puducherry, occupying 19% of India's area.
Soy ink is a kind of ink made from soybeans.
Stark's ink is one of a number of types of homemade inks whose recipes were widely available in the 19th century.
Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension (or interfacial tension) between two liquids, between a gas and a liquid, or between a liquid and a solid.
Suspended solids refers to small solid particles which remain in suspension in water as a colloid or due to the motion of the water.
Sustainability is the process of change, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations.
Tattoo inks consist of pigments combined with a carrier, and are used in tattooing.
The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is a nonprofit news organization that publishes daily articles in electronic format as well as a weekly print edition.
Toner is a powder mixture used in laser printers and photocopiers to form the printed text and images on the paper, in general through a toner cartridge.
Chemical structure of pinene, a major component of turpentine Turpentine (also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, wood turpentine and colloquially turps) is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin obtained from live trees, mainly pines.
The United States Government Publishing Office (GPO) (formerly the Government Printing Office) is an agency of the legislative branch of the United States federal government.
The University of Virginia Press (or UVaP) is a university press that is part of the University of Virginia.
Varnish is a transparent, hard, protective finish or film that is primarily used in wood finishing but also for other materials.
Vegetable oils, or vegetable fats, are fats extracted from seeds, or less often, from other parts of fruits.
Vellum is prepared animal skin or "membrane" used as a material for writing on.
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary room temperature.
The Warring States period was an era in ancient Chinese history of warfare, as well as bureaucratic and military reforms and consolidation, following the Spring and Autumn period and concluding with the Qin wars of conquest that saw the annexation of all other contender states, which ultimately led to the Qin state's victory in 221 BC as the first unified Chinese empire known as the Qin dynasty.
Writing is a medium of human communication that represents language and emotion with signs and symbols.