125 relations: Adobe Illustrator Artwork, Affine transformation, Alpha compositing, Apress, Arabic, Bézier curve, Bevel, BMP file format, Boolean algebra, Braille, Bug tracking system, C (programming language), C++, Cairo (graphics), Cascading Style Sheets, Clipboard (computing), Clipping path, Clone tool, CMYK color model, Collaborative editing, Color gradient, Color management, Color wheel, Comparison of vector graphics editors, Complex text layout, Composite Bézier curve, Computer font, Computer Graphics Metafile, CorelDRAW, Create Project, Dia (software), Encapsulated PostScript, Euler spiral, Extensible Application Markup Language, FAQ, Fedora (operating system), Fork (software development), Free and open-source software, FreeBSD, Gaussian blur, Geometry, Ghostscript, GIF, GIMP, GitLab, Glyph, GNOME, GNU General Public License, Google Summer of Code, Graphics tablet, ..., GTK+, Gtkmm, Hebrew language, HP-GL, HSL and HSV, HTML5, Human interface guidelines, IA-32, Image tracing, Joint Photographic Experts Group, JPEG, Kerning, Keyboard shortcut, LaTeX, Launchpad (website), Letter-spacing, Libre Graphics Meeting, Linux, MacOS, Mask (computing), Megabyte, Microsoft Visio, Microsoft Windows, Miter joint, Nathan Hurst, No Starch Press, Opacity (optics), Open Font Library, Openclipart, OpenSUSE, Optics, Pango, PDF, Plug-in (computing), Polygon, Portable Network Graphics, Postscript, POV-Ray, Prentice Hall, Python (programming language), Quartz (graphics layer), Raph Levien, Raster graphics, Recto and verso, Rendering (computer graphics), Resource Description Framework, RGBA color space, Scalable Vector Graphics, Shell (computing), Simple interactive object extraction, SK1 (program), Sketch (application), Sodipodi, SourceForge, Spirograph, Subscript and superscript, SVG filter effects, Synfig, Thai alphabet, Three-dimensional space, Tibetan alphabet, Ubuntu (operating system), Unicode, Usability, User interface, Vector graphics editor, Wallpaper group, Web typography, World Wide Web Consortium, X86-64, Xara Photo & Graphic Designer, Xfig, XML, XQuartz, Z-order. Expand index (75 more) » « Shrink index
Adobe Illustrator Artwork (AI) is a proprietary file format developed by Adobe Systems for representing single-page vector-based drawings in either the EPS or PDF formats.
In geometry, an affine transformation, affine mapBerger, Marcel (1987), p. 38.
In computer graphics, alpha compositing is the process of combining an image with a background to create the appearance of partial or full transparency.
Apress Media LLC is a publisher of information technology books, based in New York City.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
A Bézier curve (pronounced in French) is a parametric curve frequently used in computer graphics and related fields.
A bevelled edge (UK) or beveled edge (US) refers to an edge of a structure that is not perpendicular to the faces of the piece.
The BMP file format, also known as bitmap image file or device independent bitmap (DIB) file format or simply a bitmap, is a raster graphics image file format used to store bitmap digital images, independently of the display device (such as a graphics adapter), especially on Microsoft Windows and OS/2 operating systems.
In mathematics and mathematical logic, Boolean algebra is the branch of algebra in which the values of the variables are the truth values true and false, usually denoted 1 and 0 respectively.
Braille is a tactile writing system used by people who are visually impaired.
A bug tracking system or defect tracking system is a software application that keeps track of reported software bugs in software development projects.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
C++ ("see plus plus") is a general-purpose programming language.
Cairo (stylized as cairo) is an open source programming library that provides a vector graphics-based, device-independent API for software developers.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation of a document written in a markup language like HTML.
The clipboard is a data buffer used for short-term data storage and/or data transfer between documents or applications used by cut, copy and paste operations and provided by the operating system.
A clipping path (or "deep etch") is a closed vector path, or shape, used to cut out a 2D image in image editing software.
The clone tool, as it is known in Adobe Photoshop, Inkscape, GIMP, and Corel PhotoPaint, is used in digital image editing to replace information for one part of a picture with information from another part.
The CMYK color model (process color, four color) is a subtractive color model, used in color printing, and is also used to describe the printing process itself.
Collaborative editing is the editing of groups producing works together through individual contributions.
In computer graphics, a color gradient (sometimes called a color ramp or color progression) specifies a range of position-dependent colors, usually used to fill a region.
In digital imaging systems, color management is the controlled conversion between the color representations of various devices, such as image scanners, digital cameras, monitors, TV screens, film printers, computer printers, offset presses, and corresponding media.
A color wheel or colour circle is an abstract illustrative organization of color hues around a circle, which shows the relationships between primary colors, secondary colors, tertiary colors etc.
A number of vector graphics editors exist for various platforms.
Complex text layout (abbreviated CTL) or complex text rendering refers to the typesetting of writing systems in which the shape or positioning of a grapheme depends on its relation to other graphemes.
In geometric modelling and in computer graphics, a composite Bézier curve is a piecewise Bézier curve that is at least continuous.
A computer font (or font) is implemented as a digital data file containing a set of graphically related glyphs, characters, or symbols such as dingbats.
Computer Graphics Metafile (CGM) is a free and open international standard file format for 2D vector graphics, raster graphics, and text, and is defined by ISO/IEC 8632.
CorelDraw (styled CorelDRAW) is a vector graphics editor developed and marketed by Corel Corporation.
The Create Project is a web-based community focused on communication and sharing between Free and Open Source Creative applications.
Dia is free and open source general-purpose diagramming software, developed originally by Alexander Larsson.
Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) is a DSC-conforming PostScript document with additional restrictions which is intended to be usable as a graphics file format.
An Euler spiral is a curve whose curvature changes linearly with its curve length (the curvature of a circular curve is equal to the reciprocal of the radius).
Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML) is a declarative XML-based language developed by Microsoft that is used for initializing structured values and objects.
Frequently asked questions (FAQ) or Questions and Answers (Q&A), are listed questions and answers, all supposed to be commonly asked in some context, and pertaining to a particular topic.
Fedora is a Linux distribution developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat.
In software engineering, a project fork happens when developers take a copy of source code from one software package and start independent development on it, creating a distinct and separate piece of software.
Free and open-source software (FOSS) is software that can be classified as both free software and open-source software.
FreeBSD is a free and open-source Unix-like operating system descended from Research Unix via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD).
In image processing, a Gaussian blur (also known as Gaussian smoothing) is the result of blurring an image by a Gaussian function (named after mathematician and scientist Carl Friedrich Gauss).
Geometry (from the γεωμετρία; geo- "earth", -metron "measurement") is a branch of mathematics concerned with questions of shape, size, relative position of figures, and the properties of space.
Ghostscript is a suite of software based on an interpreter for Adobe Systems' PostScript and Portable Document Format (PDF) page description languages.
The Graphics Interchange Format, better known by its acronym GIF, is a bitmap image format that was developed by a team at the bulletin board service (BBS) provider CompuServe led by American computer scientist Steve Wilhite on June 15, 1987.
GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a free and open-source raster graphics editor used for image retouching and editing, free-form drawing, converting between different image formats, and more specialized tasks.
GitLab is a web-based Git-repository manager with wiki and issue-tracking features, using an open-source license, developed by GitLab Inc.
In typography, a glyph is an elemental symbol within an agreed set of symbols, intended to represent a readable character for the purposes of writing.
GNOME is a desktop environment composed of free and open-source software that runs on Linux and most BSD derivatives.
The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or GPL) is a widely used free software license, which guarantees end users the freedom to run, study, share and modify the software.
The Google Summer of Code, often abbreviated to GSoC, is an international annual program, first held from May to August 2005, in which Google awards stipends, which depends on the purchasing power parity of the country the student's university belongs to, to all students who successfully complete a requested free and open-source software coding project during the summer.
A graphic tablet (also known as a digitizer, drawing tablet, digital drawing tablet, pen tablet, or digital art board) is a computer input device that enables a user to hand-draw images, animations and graphics, with a special pen-like stylus, similar to the way a person draws images with a pencil and paper.
GTK+ (formerly GIMP Toolkit) is a cross-platform widget toolkit for creating graphical user interfaces.
gtkmm (formerly known as gtk-- or gtk minus minus) is the official C++ interface for the popular GUI library GTK+.
HP-GL (Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language; often written as HPGL) is a printer control language created by Hewlett-Packard (HP).
HSL (hue, saturation, lightness) and HSV (hue, saturation, value) are two alternative representations of the RGB color model, designed in the 1970s by computer graphics researchers to more closely align with the way human vision perceives color-making attributes.
HTML5 is a markup language used for structuring and presenting content on the World Wide Web.
Human interface guidelines (HIG) are software development documents which offer application developers a set of recommendations.
IA-32 (short for "Intel Architecture, 32-bit", sometimes also called i386) is the 32-bit version of the x86 instruction set architecture, first implemented in the Intel 80386 microprocessors in 1985.
In computer graphics, image tracing, raster-to-vector conversion or vectorization is the conversion of raster graphics into vector graphics.
The Joint Photographic Experts Group is the joint committee founded by Jim Judkins between ISO/IEC JTC 1 and ITU-T (formerly CCITT) that created the JPEG, JPEG 2000, and JPEG XR standards.
JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.
In typography, kerning is the process of adjusting the spacing between characters in a proportional font, usually to achieve a visually pleasing result.
In computing, a keyboard shortcut is a series of one or several keys, such as Ctrl+F to search a character string.
LaTeX (or; a shortening of Lamport TeX) is a document preparation system.
Launchpad is a web application and website that allows users to develop and maintain software, particularly open-source software.
Examples of headline letter-spacing In typography, letter-spacing, also referred to as tracking by typographers working with pre-WYSIWYG digital systems, refers to an optically consistent degree of increase (or sometimes decrease) of space between letters to affect visual density in a line or block of text.
The Libre Graphics Meeting (LGM) is an annual international convention for the discussion of free and open source software used with graphics; The first Libre Graphics Meeting was held in March 2006.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
In computer science, a mask is data that is used for bitwise operations, particularly in a bit field.
The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
Microsoft Visio (formerly Microsoft Office Visio) is a diagramming and vector graphics application and is part of the Microsoft Office family.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
A miter joint (mitre in British English), sometimes shortened to miter, is a joint made by beveling each of two parts to be joined, usually at a 45° angle, to form a corner, usually a 90° angle.
Nathan Hurst (born 1977) is an Australian programmer.
No Starch Press is an American publishing company, specializing in technical literature often geared towards the geek, hacker, and DIY subcultures.
Opacity is the measure of impenetrability to electromagnetic or other kinds of radiation, especially visible light.
Open Font Library is a project devoted to hosting and encouraging the creation of fonts released under Free Licenses.
Openclipart is a community and collection of vector clip art that is free content.
openSUSE, formerly SUSE Linux and SuSE Linux Professional, is a Linux-based project and distribution sponsored by SUSE Linux GmbH and other companies.
Optics is the branch of physics which involves the behaviour and properties of light, including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it.
Pango (stylized as Παν語) is a text layout engine library which works with the HarfBuzz shaping engine for displaying multi-language text.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
In computing, a plug-in (or plugin, add-in, addin, add-on, addon, or extension) is a software component that adds a specific feature to an existing computer program.
In elementary geometry, a polygon is a plane figure that is bounded by a finite chain of straight line segments closing in a loop to form a closed polygonal chain or circuit.
Portable Network Graphics (PNG, pronounced or) is a raster graphics file format that supports lossless data compression.
A postscript (P.S.) is an afterthought, thought of occurring after the letter has been written and signed.
The Persistence of Vision Ray Tracer, or POV-Ray, is a ray tracing program which generates images from a text-based scene description, and is available for a variety of computer platforms.
Prentice Hall is a major educational publisher owned by Pearson plc.
Python is an interpreted high-level programming language for general-purpose programming.
In Apple computer's macOS operating system, Quartz is the Quartz 2D and Quartz Compositor part of the Core Graphics framework.
Raphael Linus Levien (also known as Raph Levien) is an influential member of the free software developer community, through his creation of the Advogato virtual community and his work with the free software branch of Ghostscript.
In computer graphics, a raster graphics or bitmap image is a dot matrix data structure that represents a generally rectangular grid of pixels (points of color), viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium.
The terms recto and verso refer to the text written or printed on the "right" or "front" side and on the "back" side of a leaf of paper in a bound item such as a codex, book, broadsheet, or pamphlet.
Rendering or image synthesis is the automatic process of generating a photorealistic or non-photorealistic image from a 2D or 3D model (or models in what collectively could be called a scene file) by means of computer programs.
The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a family of World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) specifications originally designed as a metadata data model.
RGBA stands for red green blue alpha.
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) is an XML-based vector image format for two-dimensional graphics with support for interactivity and animation.
In computing, a shell is a user interface for access to an operating system's services.
Simple interactive object extraction (SIOX) is an algorithm for extracting foreground objects from color images and videos with very little user interaction.
sK1 is an open-source, cross-platform illustration program that can be used as a substitute for professional proprietary software like CorelDRAW or Adobe Illustrator.
Sketch is a proprietary vector graphics editor for Apple's macOS, developed by the Dutch company Bohemian Coding.
Sodipodi is an open-source vector graphics editor, discontinued in 2004, and is the predecessor to Inkscape.
SourceForge is a Web-based service that offers software developers a centralized online location to control and manage free and open-source software projects.
Spirograph is a geometric drawing toy that produces mathematical roulette curves of the variety technically known as hypotrochoids and epitrochoids.
A subscript or superscript is a character (number, letter or symbol) that is (respectively) set slightly below or above the normal line of type.
SVG filter effects are effects applied to Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) files.
Synfig Studio (also known as Synfig) is a free and open source 2D vector graphics and timeline-based computer animation program created by Robert Quattlebaum with additional contributions by Adrian Bentley.
Thai alphabet (อักษรไทย) is used to write the Thai, Southern Thai and other languages in Thailand.
Three-dimensional space (also: 3-space or, rarely, tri-dimensional space) is a geometric setting in which three values (called parameters) are required to determine the position of an element (i.e., point).
The Tibetan alphabet is an abugida used to write the Tibetic languages such as Tibetan, as well as Dzongkha, Sikkimese, Ladakhi, and sometimes Balti.
Ubuntu (stylized as ubuntu) is a free and open source operating system and Linux distribution based on Debian.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
Usability is the ease of use and learnability of a human-made object such as a tool or device.
The user interface (UI), in the industrial design field of human–computer interaction, is the space where interactions between humans and machines occur.
A vector graphics editor is a computer program that allows users to compose and edit vector graphics images interactively on a computer and save them in one of many popular vector graphics formats, such as EPS, PDF, WMF, SVG, or VML.
A wallpaper group (or plane symmetry group or plane crystallographic group) is a mathematical classification of a two-dimensional repetitive pattern, based on the symmetries in the pattern.
Web typography refers to the use of fonts on the World Wide Web.
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or W3).
x86-64 (also known as x64, x86_64, AMD64 and Intel 64) is the 64-bit version of the x86 instruction set.
Xara Photo & Graphic Designer is an image editing program incorporating photo editing and vector illustration tools created by British software company Xara, which was acquired by German company MAGIX AG in 2007, and now operates as a wholly owned subsidiary.
Xfig is a free and open-source vector graphics editor which runs under the X Window System on most UNIX-compatible platforms.
In computing, Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable.
XQuartz (formerly and often still informally referred to as X11.app) is Apple Inc.'s version of the X server, a component of the X Window System (X11, or shortened to simply X, and sometimes informally X-Windows) for macOS.
Z-order is an ordering of overlapping two-dimensional objects, such as windows in a stacking window manager, shapes in a vector graphics editor, or objects in a 3D application.