Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

Insulin resistance

Index Insulin resistance

Insulin resistance (IR) is a pathological condition in which cells fail to respond normally to the hormone insulin. [1]

128 relations: Abdominal obesity, Acanthosis nigricans, Acidosis, Adipocyte, Adipokine, Adipose tissue, Advanced glycation end-product, Amylomaize, Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, Bariatric surgery, Beta cell, Biochemical Pharmacology (journal), Blood, Blood plasma, Blood sugar level, C-Jun N-terminal kinases, Carbohydrate, Cell (biology), Cell membrane, Chronic Somogyi rebound, Chronic stress, Cushing's syndrome, Cytokine, Diabetes (journal), Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Digestion, Donohue syndrome, Duodenum, Dyslipidemia, Electron transport chain, Endocrinology, Exercise, Familial partial lipodystrophy, Fast food, Fasting, Fat, Fatty acid, Fibrinolysis, Fructose, Gastroparesis, Gestational diabetes, Glucocorticoid, Gluconeogenesis, Glucosamine, Glucose, Glucose clamp technique, Glucose tolerance test, Glucose transporter, GLUT4, ..., Glycation, Glycemic index, Glycogen, Gold standard (test), Growth hormone therapy, Harold Percival Himsworth, Hepatitis C, High-density lipoprotein, Homeostatic model assessment, Hydrolysis, Hyperglycemia, Hyperinsulinemia, Hypertriglyceridemia, Hypoglycemia, Impaired glucose tolerance, Infection, Insulin, Insulin receptor, Interleukin, Intravenous therapy, Iron overload, Isoniazid, Latent autoimmune diabetes of adults, Leptin, Lipogenesis, Lipotoxicity, Liver, LMNA, Logarithm, Management of HIV/AIDS, Medication, Metabolic syndrome, Metabolism, Metformin, Methadone, Minute, Mitochondrion, Monosaccharide, Mucous membrane, Muscle, NF-κB, Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, Obesity, Olanzapine, Omega-3 fatty acid, Pancreas, Pancreatic islets, Pathology, PDF, Peripheral vascular system, Phospholipid, PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Polyunsaturated fat, Prediabetes, Progestogen, Protease inhibitor (pharmacology), Protein, Quantitative insulin sensitivity check index, Reference ranges for blood tests, Resistant starch, Resistin, Rifampicin, Risk factor, Risperidone, Science Daily, Starch, Sucrose, Superoxide dismutase, The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Thiazolidinedione, Thrombophilia, Triglyceride, Tumor necrosis factor alpha, Uncoupling protein, Vitamin D, Weight loss, World Health Organization. Expand index (78 more) »

Abdominal obesity

Abdominal obesity, also known as central obesity, occurs when excessive abdominal fat around the stomach and abdomen has built up to the extent that it is likely to have a negative impact on health.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Abdominal obesity · See more »

Acanthosis nigricans

Acanthosis nigricans is a brown to black, poorly defined, velvety hyperpigmentation of the skin.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Acanthosis nigricans · See more »


Acidosis is a process causing increased acidity in the blood and other body tissues (i.e., an increased hydrogen ion concentration).

New!!: Insulin resistance and Acidosis · See more »


Adipocytes, also known as lipocytes and fat cells, are the cells that primarily compose adipose tissue, specialized in storing energy as fat.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Adipocyte · See more »


The adipokines, or adipocytokines (Greek adipo-, fat; cytos-, cell; and -kinos, movement) are cytokines (cell signaling proteins) secreted by adipose tissue.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Adipokine · See more »

Adipose tissue

In biology, adipose tissue, body fat, or simply fat is a loose connective tissue composed mostly of adipocytes.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Adipose tissue · See more »

Advanced glycation end-product

Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are proteins or lipids that become glycated as a result of exposure to sugars.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Advanced glycation end-product · See more »


Amylomaize was a term coined in the late 1940s by Robert P. Bear of Bear Hybrids Corn Company in Decatur, Illinois to describe his discovery and commercial breeding of a cornstarch with high (>50%) amylose content, also called high amylose starch.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Amylomaize · See more »

Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases

The Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases is a peer-reviewed medical journal.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases · See more »

Bariatric surgery

Bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) includes a variety of procedures performed on people who have obesity.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Bariatric surgery · See more »

Beta cell

Beta cells (β cells) are a type of cell found in the pancreatic islets of the pancreas.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Beta cell · See more »

Biochemical Pharmacology (journal)

Biochemical Pharmacology is a peer-reviewed medical journal published by Elsevier.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Biochemical Pharmacology (journal) · See more »


Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Blood · See more »

Blood plasma

Blood plasma is a yellowish coloured liquid component of blood that normally holds the blood cells in whole blood in suspension; this makes plasma the extracellular matrix of blood cells.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Blood plasma · See more »

Blood sugar level

The blood sugar level, blood sugar concentration, or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose present in the blood of humans and other animals.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Blood sugar level · See more »

C-Jun N-terminal kinases

c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs), were originally identified as kinases that bind and phosphorylate c-Jun on Ser-63 and Ser-73 within its transcriptional activation domain.

New!!: Insulin resistance and C-Jun N-terminal kinases · See more »


A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).

New!!: Insulin resistance and Carbohydrate · See more »

Cell (biology)

The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Cell (biology) · See more »

Cell membrane

The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane, and historically referred to as the plasmalemma) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment (the extracellular space).

New!!: Insulin resistance and Cell membrane · See more »

Chronic Somogyi rebound

Chronic Somogyi rebound is a contested explanation of phenomena of elevated blood sugars in the morning.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Chronic Somogyi rebound · See more »

Chronic stress

Chronic stress is the response to emotional pressure suffered for a prolonged period of time in which an individual perceives he or she has little or no control.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Chronic stress · See more »

Cushing's syndrome

Cushing's syndrome is a collection of signs and symptoms due to prolonged exposure to cortisol.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Cushing's syndrome · See more »


Cytokines are a broad and loose category of small proteins (~5–20 kDa) that are important in cell signaling.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Cytokine · See more »

Diabetes (journal)

Diabetes is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal published since 1952 by the American Diabetes Association.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Diabetes (journal) · See more »

Diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Diabetes mellitus · See more »

Diabetes mellitus type 2

Diabetes mellitus type 2 (also known as type 2 diabetes) is a long-term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Diabetes mellitus type 2 · See more »


Digestion is the breakdown of large insoluble food molecules into small water-soluble food molecules so that they can be absorbed into the watery blood plasma.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Digestion · See more »

Donohue syndrome

Donohue syndrome (also known as leprechaunism) is an extremely rare and severe genetic disorder.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Donohue syndrome · See more »


The duodenum is the first section of the small intestine in most higher vertebrates, including mammals, reptiles, and birds.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Duodenum · See more »


Dyslipidemia is an abnormal amount of lipids (e.g. triglycerides, cholesterol and/or fat phospholipids) in the blood.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Dyslipidemia · See more »

Electron transport chain

An electron transport chain (ETC) is a series of complexes that transfer electrons from electron donors to electron acceptors via redox (both reduction and oxidation occurring simultaneously) reactions, and couples this electron transfer with the transfer of protons (H+ ions) across a membrane.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Electron transport chain · See more »


Endocrinology (from endocrine + -ology) is a branch of biology and medicine dealing with the endocrine system, its diseases, and its specific secretions known as hormones.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Endocrinology · See more »


Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Exercise · See more »

Familial partial lipodystrophy

Familial partial lipodystrophy (FPL), also known as Köbberling–Dunnigan syndrome, is a rare genetic metabolic condition characterized by the loss of subcutaneous fat.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Familial partial lipodystrophy · See more »

Fast food

Fast food is a mass-produced food that is typically prepared and served quicker than traditional foods.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Fast food · See more »


Fasting is the willing abstinence or reduction from some or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Fasting · See more »


Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Fat · See more »

Fatty acid

In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Fatty acid · See more »


Fibrinolysis is a process that prevents blood clots from growing and becoming problematic.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Fibrinolysis · See more »


Fructose, or fruit sugar, is a simple ketonic monosaccharide found in many plants, where it is often bonded to glucose to form the disaccharide sucrose.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Fructose · See more »


Gastroparesis (GP also called delayed gastric emptying) is a medical condition consisting of a paresis (partial paralysis) of the stomach, resulting in food remaining in the stomach for an abnormally long time.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Gastroparesis · See more »

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a condition in which a woman without diabetes develops high blood sugar levels during pregnancy.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Gestational diabetes · See more »


Glucocorticoids are a class of corticosteroids, which are a class of steroid hormones.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Glucocorticoid · See more »


Gluconeogenesis (GNG) is a metabolic pathway that results in the generation of glucose from certain non-carbohydrate carbon substrates.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Gluconeogenesis · See more »


Glucosamine (C6H13NO5) is an amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Glucosamine · See more »


Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Glucose · See more »

Glucose clamp technique

Glucose clamp technique is a method for quantifying insulin secretion and resistance.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Glucose clamp technique · See more »

Glucose tolerance test

The glucose tolerance test is a medical test in which glucose is given and blood samples taken afterward to determine how quickly it is cleared from the blood.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Glucose tolerance test · See more »

Glucose transporter

Glucose transporters are a wide group of membrane proteins that facilitate the transport of glucose across the plasma membrane.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Glucose transporter · See more »


Glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT-4), also known as solute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 4, is a protein encoded, in humans, by the SLC2A4 gene.

New!!: Insulin resistance and GLUT4 · See more »


Glycation (sometimes called non-enzymatic glycosylation) is the result of the covalent bonding of a sugar molecule, such as glucose or fructose, to a protein or lipid molecule, without the controlling action of an enzyme.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Glycation · See more »

Glycemic index

The glycemic index or glycaemic index (GI) is a number associated with the carbohydrates in a particular type of food that indicates the effect of these carbohydrates on a person's blood glucose (also called blood sugar) level.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Glycemic index · See more »


Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in humans, animals, fungi, and bacteria.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Glycogen · See more »

Gold standard (test)

In medicine and statistics, gold standard test is usually diagnostic test or benchmark that is the best available under reasonable conditions.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Gold standard (test) · See more »

Growth hormone therapy

Growth hormone therapy refers to the use of growth hormone (GH) as a prescription medication—it is one form of hormone therapy.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Growth hormone therapy · See more »

Harold Percival Himsworth

Sir Harold Percival (Harry) Himsworth, KCB, FRS (19 May 1905 – 1 November 1993) was a British scientist, best known for his medical research on diabetes mellitus.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Harold Percival Himsworth · See more »

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) that primarily affects the liver.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Hepatitis C · See more »

High-density lipoprotein

High-density lipoproteins (HDL) are one of the five major groups of lipoproteins.

New!!: Insulin resistance and High-density lipoprotein · See more »

Homeostatic model assessment

The homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) is a method used to quantify insulin resistance and beta-cell function.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Homeostatic model assessment · See more »


Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Hydrolysis · See more »


Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar (also spelled hyperglycaemia or hyperglycæmia) is a condition in which an excessive amount of glucose circulates in the blood plasma.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Hyperglycemia · See more »


Hyperinsulinemia, or hyperinsulinaemia is a condition in which there are excess levels of insulin circulating in the blood relative to the level of glucose.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Hyperinsulinemia · See more »


Hypertriglyceridemia denotes high (hyper-) blood levels (-emia) of triglycerides, the most abundant fatty molecule in most organisms.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Hypertriglyceridemia · See more »


Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar, is when blood sugar decreases to below normal levels.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Hypoglycemia · See more »

Impaired glucose tolerance

Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is a pre-diabetic state of hyperglycemia that is associated with insulin resistance and increased risk of cardiovascular pathology.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Impaired glucose tolerance · See more »


Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Infection · See more »


Insulin (from Latin insula, island) is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets; it is considered to be the main anabolic hormone of the body.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Insulin · See more »

Insulin receptor

The insulin receptor (IR) is a transmembrane receptor that is activated by insulin, IGF-I, IGF-II and belongs to the large class of tyrosine kinase receptors.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Insulin receptor · See more »


Interleukins (ILs) are a group of cytokines (secreted proteins and signal molecules) that were first seen to be expressed by white blood cells (leukocytes).

New!!: Insulin resistance and Interleukin · See more »

Intravenous therapy

Intravenous therapy (IV) is a therapy that delivers liquid substances directly into a vein (intra- + ven- + -ous).

New!!: Insulin resistance and Intravenous therapy · See more »

Iron overload

Iron overload (variously known as haemochromatosis, hemochromatosis, hemochromocytosis, Celtic curse, Irish illness, British gene, Scottish sickness and bronzing diabetes) indicates accumulation of iron in the body from any cause.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Iron overload · See more »


Isoniazid, also known as isonicotinylhydrazide (INH), is an antibiotic used for the treatment of tuberculosis.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Isoniazid · See more »

Latent autoimmune diabetes of adults

Latent autoimmune diabetes of adults (LADA) is a form of diabetes mellitus type 1 that occurs in adulthood, often with a slower course of onset than type 1 diabetes diagnosed in juveniles.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Latent autoimmune diabetes of adults · See more »


Leptin (from Greek λεπτός leptos, "thin"), "the hormone of energy expenditure", is a hormone predominantly made by adipose cells that helps to regulate energy balance by inhibiting hunger.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Leptin · See more »


Lipogenesis is the process by which acetyl-CoA is converted to fatty acids.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Lipogenesis · See more »


Lipotoxicity is a metabolic syndrome that results from the accumulation of lipid intermediates in non-adipose tissue, leading to cellular dysfunction and death.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Lipotoxicity · See more »


The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Liver · See more »


Lamin A/C also known as LMNA is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LMNA gene.

New!!: Insulin resistance and LMNA · See more »


In mathematics, the logarithm is the inverse function to exponentiation.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Logarithm · See more »

Management of HIV/AIDS

The management of HIV/AIDS normally includes the use of multiple antiretroviral drugs in an attempt to control HIV infection.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Management of HIV/AIDS · See more »


A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Medication · See more »

Metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome, sometimes known by other names, is a clustering of at least three of the five following medical conditions: abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high serum triglycerides and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Metabolic syndrome · See more »


Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Metabolism · See more »


Metformin, marketed under the trade name Glucophage among others, is the first-line medication for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, particularly in people who are overweight.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Metformin · See more »


Methadone, sold under the brand name Dolophine among others, is an opioid used to treat pain and as maintenance therapy or to help with tapering in people with opioid dependence.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Methadone · See more »


The minute is a unit of time or angle.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Minute · See more »


The mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a double-membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic organisms.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Mitochondrion · See more »


Monosaccharides (from Greek monos: single, sacchar: sugar), also called simple sugars, are the most basic units of carbohydrates.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Monosaccharide · See more »

Mucous membrane

A mucous membrane or mucosa is a membrane that lines various cavities in the body and covers the surface of internal organs.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Mucous membrane · See more »


Muscle is a soft tissue found in most animals.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Muscle · See more »


NF-κB (nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells) is a protein complex that controls transcription of DNA, cytokine production and cell survival.

New!!: Insulin resistance and NF-κB · See more »

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the types of fatty liver which occurs when fat is deposited (steatosis) in the liver due to causes other than excessive alcohol use.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease · See more »


Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Obesity · See more »


Olanzapine (originally branded Zyprexa) is an antipsychotic medication used to treat schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Olanzapine · See more »

Omega-3 fatty acid

Omega−3 fatty acids, also called ω−3 fatty acids or n−3 fatty acids, are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs).

New!!: Insulin resistance and Omega-3 fatty acid · See more »


The pancreas is a glandular organ in the digestive system and endocrine system of vertebrates.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Pancreas · See more »

Pancreatic islets

The pancreatic islets or islets of Langerhans are the regions of the pancreas that contain its endocrine (hormone-producing) cells, discovered in 1869 by German pathological anatomist Paul Langerhans.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Pancreatic islets · See more »


Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering" and -logia (-λογία), "study of") is a significant field in modern medical diagnosis and medical research, concerned mainly with the causal study of disease, whether caused by pathogens or non-infectious physiological disorder.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Pathology · See more »


The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.

New!!: Insulin resistance and PDF · See more »

Peripheral vascular system

The peripheral vascular system consists of the veins and arteries not in the chest or abdomen (i.e. in the arms, hands, legs and feet).

New!!: Insulin resistance and Peripheral vascular system · See more »


Phospholipids are a class of lipids that are a major component of all cell membranes.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Phospholipid · See more »

PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway

The PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway is an intracellular signaling pathway important in regulating the cell cycle.

New!!: Insulin resistance and PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway · See more »

Polycystic ovary syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a set of symptoms due to elevated androgens (male hormones) in females.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Polycystic ovary syndrome · See more »

Polyunsaturated fat

Polyunsaturated fats are fats in which the constituent hydrocarbon chain possesses two or more carbon–carbon double bonds.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Polyunsaturated fat · See more »


Prediabetes is the precursor stage before diabetes mellitus in which not all of the symptoms required to diagnose diabetes are present, but blood sugar is abnormally high.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Prediabetes · See more »


Progestogens, also sometimes spelled progestagens or gestagens, are a class of steroid hormones that bind to and activate the progesterone receptor (PR).

New!!: Insulin resistance and Progestogen · See more »

Protease inhibitor (pharmacology)

Protease inhibitors (PIs) are a class of antiviral drugs that are widely used to treat HIV/AIDS and hepatitis C. Protease inhibitors prevent viral replication by selectively binding to viral proteases (e.g. HIV-1 protease) and blocking proteolytic cleavage of protein precursors that are necessary for the production of infectious viral particles.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Protease inhibitor (pharmacology) · See more »


Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Protein · See more »

Quantitative insulin sensitivity check index

The quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI) is derived using the inverse of the sum of the logarithms of the fasting insulin and fasting glucose: This index correlates well with glucose clamp studies (r.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Quantitative insulin sensitivity check index · See more »

Reference ranges for blood tests

Reference ranges for blood tests are sets of values used by a health professional to interpret a set of medical test results from blood samples.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Reference ranges for blood tests · See more »

Resistant starch

Resistant starch (RS) is starch, including its degradation products, that escapes from digestion in the small intestine of healthy individuals.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Resistant starch · See more »


Resistin also known as adipose tissue-specific secretory factor (ADSF) or C/EBP-epsilon-regulated myeloid-specific secreted cysteine-rich protein (XCP1) is a cysteine-rich adipose-derived peptide hormone that in humans is encoded by the RETN gene.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Resistin · See more »


Rifampicin, also known as rifampin, is an antibiotic used to treat several types of bacterial infections, including tuberculosis, leprosy, and Legionnaire's disease.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Rifampicin · See more »

Risk factor

In epidemiology, a risk factor is a variable associated with an increased risk of disease or infection.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Risk factor · See more »


Risperidone, sold under the trade name Risperdal among others, is an antipsychotic medication.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Risperidone · See more »

Science Daily

Science Daily is an American website that aggregates press releases and publishes lightly edited press releases (a practice called churnalism) about science, similar to Phys.org and EurekAlert!.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Science Daily · See more »


Starch or amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Starch · See more »


Sucrose is common table sugar.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Sucrose · See more »

Superoxide dismutase

Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is an enzyme that alternately catalyzes the dismutation (or partitioning) of the superoxide (O2&minus) radical into either ordinary molecular oxygen (O2) or hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).

New!!: Insulin resistance and Superoxide dismutase · See more »

The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism is a peer-reviewed medical journal in the field of endocrinology and metabolism.

New!!: Insulin resistance and The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism · See more »


The thiazolidinediones, abbreviated as TZD, also known as glitazones after the prototypical drug ciglitazone, are a class of heterocyclic compounds consisting of a five-membered C3NS ring.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Thiazolidinedione · See more »


Thrombophilia (sometimes hypercoagulability or a prothrombotic state) is an abnormality of blood coagulation that increases the risk of thrombosis (blood clots in blood vessels).

New!!: Insulin resistance and Thrombophilia · See more »


A triglyceride (TG, triacylglycerol, TAG, or triacylglyceride) is an ester derived from glycerol and three fatty acids (from tri- and glyceride).

New!!: Insulin resistance and Triglyceride · See more »

Tumor necrosis factor alpha

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF, tumor necrosis factor alpha, TNFα, cachexin, or cachectin) is a cell signaling protein (cytokine) involved in systemic inflammation and is one of the cytokines that make up the acute phase reaction.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Tumor necrosis factor alpha · See more »

Uncoupling protein

An uncoupling protein (UCP) is a mitochondrial inner membrane protein that is a regulated proton channel or transporter.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Uncoupling protein · See more »

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble secosteroids responsible for increasing intestinal absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate, and multiple other biological effects.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Vitamin D · See more »

Weight loss

Weight loss, in the context of medicine, health, or physical fitness, refers to a reduction of the total body mass, due to a mean loss of fluid, body fat or adipose tissue or lean mass, namely bone mineral deposits, muscle, tendon, and other connective tissue.

New!!: Insulin resistance and Weight loss · See more »

World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

New!!: Insulin resistance and World Health Organization · See more »

Redirects here:

Hyperinsulinaemic Euglycaemic Clamp, Hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp, Insulin Resistance, Insulin insensitivity, Insulin sensitivity, SSPG.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insulin_resistance

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »