135 relations: Advanced Vector Extensions, AES instruction set, Arrandale, AVX-512, Bloomfield (microprocessor), Branch predictor, Broadwell (microarchitecture), Celeron, Central processing unit, Clarkdale (microprocessor), Clarksfield (microprocessor), Clock rate, Coffee Lake, Conroe (microprocessor), Consumer Ultra-Low Voltage, CPU cache, CPU multiplier, CPUID, DDR3 SDRAM, Desktop computer, Die (integrated circuit), Die shrink, Direct Media Interface, ECC memory, Execution unit, FAQ, Flexible Display Interface, Floating-point unit, Front-side bus, Graphics processing unit, Gulftown, H.264/MPEG-4 AVC, Haswell (microarchitecture), High Efficiency Video Coding, High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection, Hyper-threading, IMac, Instruction pipelining, Instructions per cycle, Integrated circuit, Intel, Intel 80486, Intel 80486SX, Intel Active Management Technology, Intel Core (microarchitecture), Intel Core 2, Intel HD, UHD and Iris Graphics, Intel QuickPath Interconnect, Intel Turbo Boost, Ivy Bridge (microarchitecture), ..., Kaby Lake, Kentsfield (microprocessor), LGA 1150, LGA 1151, LGA 1155, LGA 1156, LGA 1366, LGA 2011, LGA 771, LGA 775, List of Intel chipsets, List of Intel codenames, List of Intel Core 2 microprocessors, List of Intel Core i3 microprocessors, List of Intel Core i5 microprocessors, List of Intel Core i7 microprocessors, List of Intel Core i9 microprocessors, List of Intel Core M microprocessors, List of Intel Core microprocessors, List of Intel graphics processing units, List of Intel microprocessors, Lynnfield (microprocessor), Mac Mini, MacBook Pro, Macintosh, Megabyte, Meltdown (security vulnerability), Memory controller, Merom (microprocessor), Microarchitecture, Mobile phone, Multi-chip module, Multi-core processor, Nehalem (microarchitecture), NetBurst (microarchitecture), Nickname, OpenCL, Out-of-order execution, Overclocking, P6 (microarchitecture), PCI Express, Penryn (microprocessor), Pentium, Pentium 4, Pentium D, Pentium Dual-Core, Pentium M, Pentium Pro, Photolithography, Rebranding, Sandy Bridge, Sandy Bridge-E, Semiconductor device fabrication, Side-channel attack, Simultaneous multithreading, Skylake (microarchitecture), Socket G1, Socket M, Socket P, Spectre (security vulnerability), Speculative execution, SSE4, The New York Times, Thermal design power, Tick–tock model, Timing attack, Virtualization, VP9, Westmere (microarchitecture), Wolfdale (microprocessor), X86, X86 virtualization, X86-64, Xeon, Yonah (microprocessor), Yorkfield, 10 nanometer, 14 nanometer, 22 nanometer, 32 nanometer, 32-bit, 3D computer graphics, 45 nanometer, 4K resolution, 64-bit computing. Expand index (85 more) » « Shrink index
Advanced Vector Extensions (AVX, also known as Sandy Bridge New Extensions) are extensions to the x86 instruction set architecture for microprocessors from Intel and AMD proposed by Intel in March 2008 and first supported by Intel with the Sandy Bridge processor shipping in Q1 2011 and later on by AMD with the Bulldozer processor shipping in Q3 2011.
Advanced Encryption Standard instruction set (or the Intel Advanced Encryption Standard New Instructions; AES-NI) is an extension to the x86 instruction set architecture for microprocessors from Intel and AMD proposed by Intel in March 2008.
Arrandale is the code name for a family of mobile Intel processors, sold as mobile Intel Core i3, i5 and i7 as well as Celeron and Pentium.
AVX-512 are 512-bit extensions to the 256-bit Advanced Vector Extensions SIMD instructions for x86 instruction set architecture (ISA) proposed by Intel in July 2013, and supported in Intel's Xeon Phi x200 (Knights Landing) and Skylake-X CPUs; this includes the (excluding the Core i5-7640X and Core i7-7740X), as well as the new Xeon Scalable Processor Family and Xeon D-2100 Embedded Series.
Bloomfield is the code name for Intel high-end desktop processors sold as Core i7-9xx and single-processor servers sold as Xeon 35xx., in almost identical configurations, replacing the earlier Yorkfield processors.
In computer architecture, a branch predictor is a digital circuit that tries to guess which way a branch (e.g. an if–then–else structure) will go before this is known definitively.
Broadwell is Intel's codename for the 14 nanometer die shrink of its Haswell microarchitecture.
Celeron is a brand name given by Intel to a number of different low-end IA-32 and x86-64 computer microprocessor models targeted at budget personal computers.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
Clarkdale is the code name for an Intel processor, initially sold as desktop Intel Core i5 and Core i3 and Pentium.
Clarksfield is the code name for an Intel processor, initially sold as mobile Intel Core i7.
The clock rate typically refers to the frequency at which a chip like a central processing unit (CPU), one core of a multi-core processor, is running and is used as an indicator of the processor's speed.
Coffee Lake is Intel's codename for the second 14 nm process refinement following Broadwell, Skylake, and Kaby Lake.
Conroe is the code name for many Intel processors sold as Core 2 Duo, Xeon, Pentium Dual-Core and Celeron.
Consumer Ultra-Low Voltage (CULV) is a computing platform developed by Intel.
A CPU cache is a hardware cache used by the central processing unit (CPU) of a computer to reduce the average cost (time or energy) to access data from the main memory.
In computing, the clock multiplier (or CPU multiplier or bus/core ratio) sets the ratio of an internal CPU clock rate to the externally supplied clock.
The CPUID opcode is a processor supplementary instruction (its name derived from CPU IDentification) for the x86 architecture allowing software to discover details of the processor.
Double data rate type three SDRAM (DDR3 SDRAM) is a type of synchronous dynamic random-access memory (SDRAM) with a high bandwidth ("double data rate") interface, and has been in use since 2007.
A desktop computer is a personal computer designed for regular use at a single location on or near a desk or table due to its size and power requirements.
A die (pronunciation: /daɪ/) in the context of integrated circuits is a small block of semiconducting material, on which a given functional circuit is fabricated.
The term die shrink (sometimes optical shrink or process shrink) refers to a simple semiconductor scaling of semiconductor devices, mainly transistors.
In computing, Direct Media Interface (DMI) is Intel's proprietary link between the northbridge and southbridge on a computer motherboard.
Error-correcting code memory (ECC memory) is a type of computer data storage that can detect and correct the most common kinds of internal data corruption.
In computer engineering, an execution unit (also called a functional unit) is a part of the central processing unit (CPU) that performs the operations and calculations as instructed by the computer program.
Frequently asked questions (FAQ) or Questions and Answers (Q&A), are listed questions and answers, all supposed to be commonly asked in some context, and pertaining to a particular topic.
FDI or Flexible Display Interface is an interconnect created by Intel in order to allow the communication of the HD Graphics integrated GPU found on supported CPUs with the PCH southbridge where display connectors are attached.
A floating-point unit (FPU, colloquially a math coprocessor) is a part of a computer system specially designed to carry out operations on floating point numbers.
A front-side bus (FSB) was a computer communication interface (bus) often used in Intel-chip-based computers during the 1990s and 2000s.
A graphics processing unit (GPU) is a specialized electronic circuit designed to rapidly manipulate and alter memory to accelerate the creation of images in a frame buffer intended for output to a display device.
Gulftown or Westmere-EP is the codename of an up to six-core hyperthreaded Intel processor able to run up to 12 threads in parallel.
H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10, Advanced Video Coding (MPEG-4 AVC) is a block-oriented motion-compensation-based video compression standard.
Haswell is the codename for a processor microarchitecture developed by Intel as the "fourth-generation core" successor to the Ivy Bridge microarchitecture.
High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC), also known as H.265 and MPEG-H Part 2, is a video compression standard, one of several potential successors to the widely used AVC (H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10).
High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP) is a form of digital copy protection developed by Intel Corporation to prevent copying of digital audio & video content as it travels across connections.
Hyper-threading (officially called Hyper-Threading Technology or HT Technology, and abbreviated as HTT or HT) is Intel's proprietary simultaneous multithreading (SMT) implementation used to improve parallelization of computations (doing multiple tasks at once) performed on x86 microprocessors.
iMac is a family of all-in-one Macintosh desktop computers designed and built by Apple Inc. It has been the primary part of Apple's consumer desktop offerings since its debut in August 1998, and has evolved through seven distinct forms.
Instruction pipelining is a technique for implementing instruction-level parallelism within a single processor.
In computer architecture, instructions per cycle (IPC) is one aspect of a processor's performance: the average number of instructions executed for each clock cycle.
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
The Intel 80486, also known as the i486 or 486, is a higher performance follow-up to the Intel 80386 microprocessor.
Intel's i486SX was a modified Intel 486DX microprocessor with its floating-point unit (FPU) disabled.
Intel Active Management Technology (AMT) is hardware and firmware technology for remote out-of-band management of personal computers, in order to monitor, maintain, update, upgrade, and repair them.
The Intel Core microarchitecture (previously known as the Next-Generation Micro-Architecture) is a multi-core processor microarchitecture unveiled by Intel in Q1 2006.
Core 2 is a brand encompassing a range of Intel's consumer 64-bit x86-64 single-, dual-, and quad-core microprocessors based on the Core microarchitecture.
Intel HD Graphics is a series of integrated graphics processors (IGPs) introduced by Intel in 2010 that are manufactured on the same package or die as the central processing unit (CPU).
The Intel QuickPath Interconnect (QPI) is a point-to-point processor interconnect developed by Intel which replaced the front-side bus (FSB) in Xeon, Itanium, and certain desktop platforms starting in 2008.
Intel Turbo Boost is Intel's trade name for a feature that automatically raises certain of its processors' operating frequency, and thus performance, when demanding tasks are running.
Ivy Bridge is the codename for the "third generation" of the Intel Core processors (Core i7, i5, i3).
Kaby Lake is an Intel codename for a processor microarchitecture Intel announced on August 30, 2016.
Kentsfield is the code name of the first Intel desktop quad core CPU branded Core 2 (and Xeon for lower-end servers and workstations), released on November 2, 2006.
LGA 1150, also known as Socket H3, is a microprocessor socket used by Intel's central processing units (CPUs) built on the Haswell microarchitecture.
LGA 1151, also known as Socket H4, is an Intel microprocessor compatible socket which comes in two distinct versions: the first revision which supports both Intel's Skylake and Kaby Lake CPUs, and the second revision which supports Coffee Lake CPUs exclusively.
LGA 1155, also called Socket H2, is a socket used for Intel microprocessors based on Sandy Bridge(2k) and Ivy Bridge(3k) microarchitectures.
LGA 1156, also known as Socket H or H1, is an Intel desktop CPU socket.
LGA 1366, also known as Socket B, is an Intel CPU socket.
LGA 2011, also called Socket R, is a CPU socket by Intel.
LGA 771, also known as Socket J, is a CPU interface introduced by Intel in 2006.
LGA 775, also known as Socket T, is an Intel desktop CPU socket.
This article provides a list of motherboard chipsets made by Intel, divided into three main categories: those that use the PCI bus for interconnection (the 4xx series), those that connect using specialized "hub links" (the 8xx series), and those that connect using PCI Express (the 9xx series).
Intel has historically named integrated circuit (IC) development projects after geographical names of towns, rivers or mountains near the location of the Intel facility responsible for the IC.
The Core 2 brand refers to Intel's x86/x86-64 microprocessors with the Core microarchitecture targeted at the consumer and business markets (except servers) above Pentium.
The following is a list of Intel Core i3 brand microprocessors.
The following is a list of Intel Core i5 brand microprocessors.
The following is a list of Intel Core i7 brand microprocessors.
The following is a list of Intel Core i9 brand microprocessors.
Intel Core M is a family of ultra low-voltage microprocessors belonging to the Intel Core series and designed specifically for ultra-thin notebooks, 2-in-1 detachables, and other mobile devices.
The following is a list of Intel Core microprocessors.
This page contains information about Intel's GPUs and motherboard graphics chipsets in table form.
This generational list of Intel processors attempts to present all of Intel's processors from the pioneering 4-bit 4004 (1971) to the present high-end offerings, which include the 64-bit Itanium 2 (2002), Intel Core i9, and Xeon E3 and E5 series processors (2015).
Lynnfield is the code name for a quad-core processor from Intel released in September 2009.
The Mac mini (marketed and branded with lowercase "mini" as Mac mini) is a small desktop computer manufactured by Apple Inc. Like earlier mini-ITX PC designs, it is square and tall.
The MacBook Pro (sometimes abbreviated as MBP) is a line of Macintosh portable computers introduced in January 2006 by Apple Inc.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
Meltdown is a hardware vulnerability affecting Intel x86 microprocessors, IBM POWER processors, and some ARM-based microprocessors.
The memory controller is a digital circuit that manages the flow of data going to and from the computer's main memory.
Merom is the code name for various Intel processors that are sold as Core 2 Duo, Core 2 Solo, Pentium Dual-Core and Celeron.
In computer engineering, microarchitecture, also called computer organization and sometimes abbreviated as µarch or uarch, is the way a given instruction set architecture (ISA), is implemented in a particular processor.
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
A multi-chip module (MCM) is generically an electronic assembly (such as a package with a number of conductor terminals or "pins") where multiple integrated circuits (ICs or "chips"), semiconductor dies and/or other discrete components are integrated, usually onto a unifying substrate, so that in use it is treated as if it were a single component (as though a larger IC).
A multi-core processor is a single computing component with two or more independent processing units called cores, which read and execute program instructions.
Nehalem is the codename for an Intel processor microarchitecture released in November 2008.
The NetBurst microarchitecture, called P68 inside Intel, was the successor to the P6 microarchitecture in the x86 family of CPUs made by Intel.
A nickname is a substitute for the proper name of a familiar person, place, or thing, for affection or ridicule.
OpenCL (Open Computing Language) is a framework for writing programs that execute across heterogeneous platforms consisting of central processing units (CPUs), graphics processing units (GPUs), digital signal processors (DSPs), field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) and other processors or hardware accelerators.
In computer engineering, out-of-order execution (or more formally dynamic execution) is a paradigm used in most high-performance central processing units to make use of instruction cycles that would otherwise be wasted.
Overclocking is configuration of computer hardware components to operate faster than certified by the original manufacturer, with "faster" specified as clock frequency in megahertz (MHz) or gigahertz (GHz).
The P6 microarchitecture is the sixth-generation Intel x86 microarchitecture, implemented by the Pentium Pro microprocessor that was introduced in November 1995.
PCI Express (Peripheral Component Interconnect Express), officially abbreviated as PCIe or PCI-e, is a high-speed serial computer expansion bus standard, designed to replace the older PCI, PCI-X, and AGP bus standards.
Penryn is the code name of a processor from Intel that is sold in varying configurations as Core 2 Solo, Core 2 Duo, Core 2 Quad, Pentium and Celeron.
Pentium is a brand used for a series of x86 architecture-compatible microprocessors produced by Intel since 1993.
Pentium 4 is a brand by Intel for an entire series of single-core CPUs for desktops, laptops and entry-level servers.
The Pentium D brand refers to two series of desktop dual-core 64-bit x86-64 microprocessors with the NetBurst microarchitecture, which is the dual-core variant of Pentium 4 "Prescott" manufactured by Intel.
The Pentium Dual-Core brand was used for mainstream x86-architecture microprocessors from Intel from 2006 to 2009 when it was renamed to Pentium.
The Pentium M is a family of mobile 32-bit single-core x86 microprocessors (with the modified Intel P6 microarchitecture) introduced in March 2003 and forming a part of the Intel Carmel notebook platform under the then new Centrino brand.
The Pentium Pro is a sixth-generation x86 microprocessor developed and manufactured by Intel introduced in November 1, 1995.
Photolithography, also termed optical lithography or UV lithography, is a process used in microfabrication to pattern parts of a thin film or the bulk of a substrate.
Rebranding is a marketing strategy in which a new name, term, symbol, design, or combination thereof is created for an established brand with the intention of developing a new, differentiated identity in the minds of consumers, investors, competitors, and other stakeholders.
Sandy Bridge is the codename for the microarchitecture used in the "second generation" of the Intel Core processors (Core i7, i5, i3) - the Sandy Bridge microarchitecture is the successor to Nehalem microarchitecture.
Sandy Bridge-E is the codename of an eight-core Intel processor based on the Sandy Bridge microarchitecture.
Semiconductor device fabrication is the process used to create the integrated circuits that are present in everyday electrical and electronic devices.
In computer security, a side-channel attack is any attack based on information gained from the implementation of a computer system, rather than weaknesses in the implemented algorithm itself (e.g. cryptanalysis and software bugs).
Simultaneous multithreading (SMT) is a technique for improving the overall efficiency of superscalar CPUs with hardware multithreading.
Skylake is the codename used by Intel for a processor microarchitecture that was launched in August 2015 succeeding the Broadwell microarchitecture.
Socket G1, also known as rPGA 988A (there are Socket G/rPGA 989 sockets that can take Socket G1/rPGA 988A or Socket G2/rPGA 988B packaged processors), is Intel's CPU socket for their line of mobile Core i7, the successor to the Core 2 line.
Socket M (mPGA478MT) is a CPU interface introduced by Intel in 2006 for the Intel Core line of mobile processors.
The Intel Socket P (mPGA478MN) is the mobile processor socket replacement for Core microarchitecture chips such as Core 2 Duo. It launched on May 9, 2007, as part of the Santa Rosa platform with the Merom and Penryn processors.
Spectre is a vulnerability that affects modern microprocessors that perform branch prediction.
Speculative execution is an optimization technique where a computer system performs some task that may not be needed.
SSE4 (Streaming SIMD Extensions 4) is a SIMD CPU instruction set used in the Intel Core microarchitecture and AMD K10 (K8L).
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The thermal design power (TDP), sometimes called thermal design point, is the maximum amount of heat generated by a computer chip or component (often the CPU or GPU) that the cooling system in a computer is designed to dissipate under any workload.
Tick–tock is a model adopted in 2007 by chip manufacturer Intel.
In cryptography, a timing attack is a side channel attack in which the attacker attempts to compromise a cryptosystem by analyzing the time taken to execute cryptographic algorithms.
In computing, virtualization refers to the act of creating a virtual (rather than actual) version of something, including virtual computer hardware platforms, storage devices, and computer network resources.
VP9 is an open and royalty-free video coding format developed by Google.
Westmere (formerly Nehalem-C) is the name given to the 32 nm die shrink of Nehalem.
Wolfdale is the code name for a processor from Intel that is sold in varying configurations as Core 2 Duo, Celeron, Pentium and Xeon.
x86 is a family of backward-compatible instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086 CPU and its Intel 8088 variant.
In computing, x86 virtualization refers to hardware virtualization for the x86 architecture.
x86-64 (also known as x64, x86_64, AMD64 and Intel 64) is the 64-bit version of the x86 instruction set.
Xeon is a brand of x86 microprocessors designed, manufactured, and marketed by Intel, targeted at the non-consumer workstation, server, and embedded system markets.
Yonah was the code name for (the core of) Intel's first generation of 65 nm process mobile microprocessors, based on the Banias/Dothan-core Pentium M microarchitecture.
Yorkfield is the code name for some Intel processors sold as Core 2 Quad and Xeon.
In semiconductor fabrication, the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) defines the 10 nanometer (10 nm) node as the technology node following the 14 nm node. "10 nm class" denotes chips made using process technologies between 10 and 20 nanometers. All production "10 nm" processes are based on silicon CMOS finFET technology. "10nm" chip production started in 2016; product shipments started in 2017.
The 14 nanometer (14 nm) semiconductor device fabrication node is the technology node following the 22 nm/(20 nm) node.
The 22 nanometer (22 nm) node is the process step following the 32 nm in CMOS semiconductor device fabrication.
The 32 nanometer (32 nm) node is the step following the 45 nanometer process in CMOS semiconductor device fabrication.
32-bit microcomputers are computers in which 32-bit microprocessors are the norm.
3D computer graphics or three-dimensional computer graphics, (in contrast to 2D computer graphics) are graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data (often Cartesian) that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images.
Per the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors, the 45 nanometer (45 nm) technology node should refer to the average half-pitch of a memory cell manufactured at around the 2007–2008 time frame.
4K resolution, also called 4K, refers to a horizontal screen display resolution in the order of 4,000 pixels.
In computer architecture, 64-bit computing is the use of processors that have datapath widths, integer size, and memory address widths of 64 bits (eight octets).
C2Q, Core 2 Duo, Core 2 Extreme, Core 2 Quad, Core 2 Solo, Core 2 duo, Core 2 quadro, Core 2 solo, Core Duo, Core Quad, Core Solo, Core duo, Core i Series, Core i5 430, Core i5 430m, Core i7 Extreme Edition, Core2, Core2 duo, Core2Duo, Core2Quad, Corei7, E6300, E6600, Intel Core (CPU), Intel Core 2 Duo, Intel Core 2 Extreme, Intel Core 2 Quad, Intel Core 2 Quad Q6700, Intel Core 2 duo, Intel Core 3, Intel Core 4, Intel Core Duo, Intel Core Solo, Intel Core i, Intel Core i Series, Intel Core i5 430, Intel Infoscape, Intel core, Intel core 0, Intel core 2 quad processor, Intel core 5, Intel core zero, Intel i3, Intel i5, Intel i7, Intel i7 920, Intel® Core™ 2 Duo, QX6700, QX9650.