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Index Intelligence

Intelligence has been defined in many different ways to include the capacity for logic, understanding, self-awareness, learning, emotional knowledge, reasoning, planning, creativity, and problem solving. [1]

110 relations: Absurdity, Active intellect, Alexander Wissner-Gross, Alfred Binet, American Psychological Association, Arthropod, Artificial general intelligence, Artificial intelligence, Autonomous car, Bird, Bonobo, Cambridge University Press, Cephalopod, Cephalopod intelligence, Chimpanzee, Cognition, Computer, Computer program, Computer science, Computer simulation, Concept learning, Cosmology, Cost–benefit analysis, Creativity, Crossword, David Hume, David Wechsler, De Corpore, Definition, Dog intelligence, Dolphin, Early modern period, Elephant, Emotional intelligence, Experience, Fish, Francis Bacon, G factor (psychometrics), Goal orientation, Habit, Hominidae, House mouse, Howard Gardner, Human, Human communication, Indiana University, Information, Innovation, Intellect, Intelligence (journal), ..., Intelligence quotient, Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns, Intelligent agent, International Society for Intelligence Research, Jeff Hawkins, John Locke, Jonathan A. Plucker, Kanzi, Knowledge, Language, Learning, Linda Gottfredson, Lloyd Humphreys, Logic, Mainstream Science on Intelligence, Mammal, Marcus Hutter, Metaphysics, Middle Ages, Morphology (biology), Motivation, Nervous system, Neuroscience and intelligence, Noogenesis, Noun, Nous, Novelty, Op-ed, Operational definition, Optical character recognition, Outline of human intelligence, Parrot, Passive intellect, Pattern recognition, Phenotypic plasticity, Planning, Plant physiology, Primate, Problem solving, Progress in artificial intelligence, Psychology, Psychometrics, Raven, Reason, Reptile, Reuven Feuerstein, Robert Sternberg, Scholasticism, Scientific American, Self-awareness, Shane Legg, Social learning theory, Species, Superintelligence, Teleology, The Intelligence of Dogs, Thomas Hobbes, Thought, Understanding, Wolfgang Köhler. Expand index (60 more) »


An absurdity is a thing that is extremely unreasonable, so as to be foolish or not taken seriously, or the state of being so.

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Active intellect

The active intellect (Latin: intellectus agens; also translated as agent intellect, active intelligence, active reason, or productive intellect) is a concept in classical and medieval philosophy.

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Alexander Wissner-Gross

Alexander D. Wissner-Gross is an American research scientist and entrepreneur.

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Alfred Binet

Alfred Binet (July 8, 1857 – October 18, 1911) was a French psychologist who invented the first practical IQ test, the Binet–Simon test.

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American Psychological Association

The American Psychological Association (APA) is the largest scientific and professional organization of psychologists in the United States, with around 117,500 members including scientists, educators, clinicians, consultants, and students.

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An arthropod (from Greek ἄρθρον arthron, "joint" and πούς pous, "foot") is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton (external skeleton), a segmented body, and paired jointed appendages.

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Artificial general intelligence

Artificial general intelligence (AGI) is the intelligence of a machine that could successfully perform any intellectual task that a human being can.

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Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals.

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Autonomous car

An autonomous car (also known as a driverless car, self-driving car, and robotic car) is a vehicle that is capable of sensing its environment and navigating without human input.

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Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.

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The bonobo (Pan paniscus), formerly called the pygmy chimpanzee and less often, the dwarf or gracile chimpanzee, is an endangered great ape and one of the two species making up the genus Pan; the other is Pan troglodytes, or the common chimpanzee.

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Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

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A cephalopod is any member of the molluscan class Cephalopoda (Greek plural κεφαλόποδα, kephalópoda; "head-feet") such as a squid, octopus or nautilus.

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Cephalopod intelligence

Cephalopod intelligence has an important comparative aspect in the understanding of intelligence because it relies on a nervous system fundamentally different from that of vertebrates.

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The taxonomical genus Pan (often referred to as chimpanzees or chimps) consists of two extant species: the common chimpanzee and the bonobo.

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Cognition is "the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses".

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A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.

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Computer program

A computer program is a collection of instructions for performing a specific task that is designed to solve a specific class of problems.

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Computer science

Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.

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Computer simulation

Computer simulation is the reproduction of the behavior of a system using a computer to simulate the outcomes of a mathematical model associated with said system.

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Concept learning

Concept learning, also known as category learning, concept attainment, and concept formation, is defined by Bruner, Goodnow, & Austin (1967) as "the search for and listing of attributes that can be used to distinguish exemplars from non exemplars of various categories".

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Cosmology (from the Greek κόσμος, kosmos "world" and -λογία, -logia "study of") is the study of the origin, evolution, and eventual fate of the universe.

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Cost–benefit analysis

Cost–benefit analysis (CBA), sometimes called benefit costs analysis (BCA), is a systematic approach to estimate the strengths and weaknesses of alternatives (for example in transactions, activities, functional business requirements or projects investments); it is used to determine options that provide the best approach to achieve benefits while preserving savings.

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Creativity is a phenomenon whereby something new and somehow valuable is formed.

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A crossword is a word puzzle that usually takes the form of a square or a rectangular grid of white-and black-shaded squares.

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David Hume

David Hume (born David Home; 7 May 1711 NS (26 April 1711 OS) – 25 August 1776) was a Scottish philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist, who is best known today for his highly influential system of philosophical empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism.

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David Wechsler

David "Weshy" Wechsler (January 12, 1896 – May 2, 1981) was a Romanian-American psychologist.

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De Corpore

De Corpore ("On the Body") is a 1655 book by Thomas Hobbes.

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A definition is a statement of the meaning of a term (a word, phrase, or other set of symbols).

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Dog intelligence

Dog intelligence or dog cognition is the process in dogs of acquiring, storing in memory, retrieving, combining, comparing, and using in new situations information and conceptual skills.

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Dolphins are a widely distributed and diverse group of aquatic mammals.

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Early modern period

The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era.

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Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea.

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Emotional intelligence

Emotional intelligence (EI), also known as Emotional quotient (EQ) and Emotional Intelligence Quotient (EIQ), is the capability of individuals to recognize their own emotions and those of others, discern between different feelings and label them appropriately, use emotional information to guide thinking and behavior, and manage and/or adjust emotions to adapt to environments or achieve one's goal(s).

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Experience is the knowledge or mastery of an event or subject gained through involvement in or exposure to it.

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Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.

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Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban, (22 January 15619 April 1626) was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, and author.

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G factor (psychometrics)

The g factor (also known as general intelligence, general mental ability or general intelligence factor) is a construct developed in psychometric investigations of cognitive abilities and human intelligence.

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Goal orientation

Goal orientation is an "individual disposition toward developing or validating one's ability in achievement settings".

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A habit (or wont) is a routine of behavior that is repeated regularly and tends to occur subconsciously.

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The Hominidae, whose members are known as great apes or hominids, are a taxonomic family of primates that includes eight extant species in four genera: Pongo, the Bornean, Sumatran and Tapanuli orangutan; Gorilla, the eastern and western gorilla; Pan, the common chimpanzee and the bonobo; and Homo, which includes modern humans and its extinct relatives (e.g., the Neanderthal), and ancestors, such as Homo erectus.

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House mouse

The house mouse (Mus musculus) is a small mammal of the order Rodentia, characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, and a long naked or almost hairless tail.

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Howard Gardner

Howard Earl Gardner (born July 11, 1943) is an American developmental psychologist and the John H. and Elisabeth A. Hobbs Professor of Cognition and Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education at Harvard University.

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Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.

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Human communication

Human communication, or anthroposemiotics, is the field dedicated to understanding how humans communicate.

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Indiana University

Indiana University (IU) is a multi-campus public university system in the state of Indiana, United States.

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Information is any entity or form that provides the answer to a question of some kind or resolves uncertainty.

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Innovation can be defined simply as a "new idea, device or method".

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Intellect is a term used in studies of the human mind, and refers to the ability of the mind to come to correct conclusions about what is true or real, and about how to solve problems.

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Intelligence (journal)

Intelligence is a peer-reviewed academic journal of psychology that covers intelligence and psychometrics.

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Intelligence quotient

An intelligence quotient (IQ) is a total score derived from several standardized tests designed to assess human intelligence.

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Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns

Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns is a report issued in 1995 by a task force created by the Board of Scientific Affairs of the American Psychological Association (APA).

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Intelligent agent

In artificial intelligence, an intelligent agent (IA) is an autonomous entity which observes through sensors and acts upon an environment using actuators (i.e. it is an agent) and directs its activity towards achieving goals (i.e. it is "rational", as defined in economics).

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International Society for Intelligence Research

The International Society for Intelligence Research (ISIR) is a scientific society for researchers in human intelligence.

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Jeff Hawkins

Jeffrey Hawkins (born June 1, 1957) is the American founder of Palm Computing (where he invented the PalmPilot) and Handspring (where he invented the Treo).

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John Locke

John Locke (29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704) was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism".

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Jonathan A. Plucker

Jonathan Plucker is the Julian C. Stanley Professor of Talent Development at Johns Hopkins University, where he works in the School of Education and the Center for Talented Youth.

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Kanzi (born October 28, 1980), also known by the lexigram (from the character 太), is a male bonobo who has been featured in several studies on great ape language.

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Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving, discovering, or learning.

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Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.

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Learning is the process of acquiring new or modifying existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences.

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Linda Gottfredson

Linda Susanne Gottfredson (née Howarth; born June 24, 1947) is an American psychologist and writer.

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Lloyd Humphreys

Lloyd G. Humphreys (December 12, 1913 – September 7, 2003) was an American differential psychologist and methodologist who focused on assessing individual differences in human behavior.

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Logic (from the logikḗ), originally meaning "the word" or "what is spoken", but coming to mean "thought" or "reason", is a subject concerned with the most general laws of truth, and is now generally held to consist of the systematic study of the form of valid inference.

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Mainstream Science on Intelligence

"Mainstream Science on Intelligence" was a public statement issued by a group of academic researchers in fields associated with intelligence testing that claimed to present those findings widely accepted in the expert community.

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Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.

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Marcus Hutter

Marcus Hutter (born April 14, 1967) is a German computer scientist.

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Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of being, existence, and reality.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Morphology (biology)

Morphology is a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.

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Motivation is the reason for people's actions, desires, and needs.

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Nervous system

The nervous system is the part of an animal that coordinates its actions by transmitting signals to and from different parts of its body.

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Neuroscience and intelligence

Neuroscience and intelligence refers to the various neurological factors that are partly responsible for the variation of intelligence within a species or between different species.

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Noogenesis (Ancient Greek: νοῦς.

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A noun (from Latin nōmen, literally meaning "name") is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas.

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Nous, sometimes equated to intellect or intelligence, is a philosophical term for the faculty of the human mind which is described in classical philosophy as necessary for understanding what is true or real.

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Novelty (derived from Latin word novus for "new") is the quality of being new, or following from that, of being striking, original or unusual.

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An op-ed (originally short for "opposite the editorial page" although often taken to stand for "opinion editorial") is a written prose piece typically published by a newspaper or magazine which expresses the opinion of a named author usually not affiliated with the publication's editorial board.

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Operational definition

An operational definition is the articulation of operationalization (or statement of procedures) used in defining the terms of a process (or set of validation tests) needed to determine the nature of an item or phenomenon (a variable, term, or object) and its properties such as duration, quantity, extension in space, chemical composition, etc.

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Optical character recognition

Optical character recognition (also optical character reader, OCR) is the mechanical or electronic conversion of images of typed, handwritten or printed text into machine-encoded text, whether from a scanned document, a photo of a document, a scene-photo (for example the text on signs and billboards in a landscape photo) or from subtitle text superimposed on an image (for example from a television broadcast).

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Outline of human intelligence

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to human intelligence: Human intelligence is, in the human species, the mental capacities to learn, understand, and reason, including the capacities to comprehend ideas, plan, solve problems, and use language to communicate.

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Parrots, also known as psittacines, are birds of the roughly 393 species in 92 genera that make up the order Psittaciformes, found in most tropical and subtropical regions.

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Passive intellect

The passive intellect (Latin: intellectus possibilis; also translated as potential intellect or material intellect), is a term used in philosophy alongside the notion of the active intellect in order to give an account of the operation of the intellect (nous), in accordance with the theory of hylomorphism, as most famously put forward by Aristotle.

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Pattern recognition

Pattern recognition is a branch of machine learning that focuses on the recognition of patterns and regularities in data, although it is in some cases considered to be nearly synonymous with machine learning.

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Phenotypic plasticity

Phenotypic plasticity refers to some of the changes in an organism's behavior, morphology and physiology in response to a unique environment.

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Planning is the process of thinking about the activities required to achieve a desired goal.

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Plant physiology

Plant physiology is a subdiscipline of botany concerned with the functioning, or physiology, of plants.

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A primate is a mammal of the order Primates (Latin: "prime, first rank").

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Problem solving

Problem solving consists of using generic or ad hoc methods, in an orderly manner, to find solutions to problems.

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Progress in artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence applications have been used in a wide range of fields including medical diagnosis, stock trading, robot control, law, scientific discovery and toys.

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Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.

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Psychometrics is a field of study concerned with the theory and technique of psychological measurement.

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A raven is one of several larger-bodied species of the genus Corvus.

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Reason is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, establishing and verifying facts, applying logic, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information.

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Reptiles are tetrapod animals in the class Reptilia, comprising today's turtles, crocodilians, snakes, amphisbaenians, lizards, tuatara, and their extinct relatives.

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Reuven Feuerstein

Reuven Feuerstein (Hebrew: ראובן פוירשטיין; August 21, 1921 – April 29, 2014) was an Israeli clinical, developmental, and cognitive psychologist, known for his theory of intelligence which states “it is not ‘fixed’, but rather modifiable”.

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Robert Sternberg

Robert Sternberg (born December 8, 1949) is an American psychologist and psychometrician.

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Scholasticism is a method of critical thought which dominated teaching by the academics ("scholastics", or "schoolmen") of medieval universities in Europe from about 1100 to 1700, and a program of employing that method in articulating and defending dogma in an increasingly pluralistic context.

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Scientific American

Scientific American (informally abbreviated SciAm) is an American popular science magazine.

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Self-awareness is the capacity for introspection and the ability to recognize oneself as an individual separate from the environment and other individuals.

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Shane Legg

Shane Legg is a machine learning researcher and cofounder of DeepMind Technologies, acquired by Google in 2014.

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Social learning theory

Social learning theory is a theory of learning and social behavior which proposes that new behaviors can be acquired by observing and imitating others.

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In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.

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A superintelligence is a hypothetical agent that possesses intelligence far surpassing that of the brightest and most gifted human minds.

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Teleology or finality is a reason or explanation for something in function of its end, purpose, or goal.

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The Intelligence of Dogs

The Intelligence of Dogs is a book on dog intelligence by Stanley Coren, a professor of canine psychology at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver.

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Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes (5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679), in some older texts Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury, was an English philosopher who is considered one of the founders of modern political philosophy.

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Thought encompasses a “goal oriented flow of ideas and associations that leads to reality-oriented conclusion.” Although thinking is an activity of an existential value for humans, there is no consensus as to how it is defined or understood.

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Understanding is a psychological process related to an abstract or physical object, such as a person, situation, or message whereby one is able to think about it and use concepts to deal adequately with that object.

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Wolfgang Köhler

Wolfgang Köhler (21 January 1887 – 11 June 1967) was a German psychologist and phenomenologist who, like Max Wertheimer, and Kurt Koffka, contributed to the creation of Gestalt psychology.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intelligence

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