47 relations: Administrative division, Australian dollar, Bond (finance), Bond credit rating, Bretton Woods Conference, Bretton Woods system, Capital market, Commodity swap, Copenhagen, Credit risk, Currency, Derivative (finance), Developing country, Development aid, Development finance institution, Drinking water, Economic development, Environmentalism, Eurodollar, Foreign exchange swap, Hard currency, Improved sanitation, Infrastructure, Interest rate cap and floor, Interest rate swap, International Development Association, International Finance Corporation, International financial institutions, International Monetary Fund, Jim Yong Kim, Line of credit, Loan, Local currency, Marshall Plan, Maturity (finance), Paid in capital, Paris, Poverty reduction, Prague, Shareholder, Sovereign default, Sovereign state, Surety, United States dollar, Washington, D.C., World Bank, World Bank Group.
An administrative division, unit, entity, area or region, also referred to as a subnational entity, statoid, constituent unit, or country subdivision, is a portion of a country or other region delineated for the purpose of administration.
The Australian dollar (sign: $; code: AUD) is the currency of the Commonwealth of Australia, including its external territories Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island, as well as the independent Pacific Island states of Kiribati, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu.
In finance, a bond is an instrument of indebtedness of the bond issuer to the holders.
In investment, the bond credit rating represents the credit worthiness of corporate or government bonds.
The Bretton Woods Conference, formally known as the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference, was the gathering of 730 delegates from all 44 Allied nations at the Mount Washington Hotel, situated in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, United States, to regulate the international monetary and financial order after the conclusion of World War II.
The Bretton Woods system of monetary management established the rules for commercial and financial relations among the United States, Canada, Western Europe, Australia, and Japan after the 1944 Bretton-Woods Agreement.
A capital market is a financial market in which long-term debt (over a year) or equity-backed securities are bought and sold.
A commodity swap is a type of swap agreement whereby a floating (or market or spot) price based on an underlying commodity is traded for a fixed price over a specified period.
Copenhagen (København; Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark.
A credit risk is the risk of default on a debt that may arise from a borrower failing to make required payments.
A currency (from curraunt, "in circulation", from currens, -entis), in the most specific use of the word, refers to money in any form when in actual use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins.
In finance, a derivative is a contract that derives its value from the performance of an underlying entity.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
Development aid or development cooperation (also development assistance, technical assistance, international aid, overseas aid, official development assistance (ODA), or foreign aid) is financial aid given by governments and other agencies to support the economic, environmental, social, and political development of developing countries.
A development finance institution (DFI) or development bank is a financial institution which includes multilateral development banks, bilateral development banks, microfinance institutions, community development financial institution and revolving loan funds.
Drinking water, also known as potable water, is water that is safe to drink or to use for food preparation.
economic development wikipedia Economic development is the process by which a nation improves the economic, political, and social well-being of its people.
Environmentalism or environmental rights is a broad philosophy, ideology, and social movement regarding concerns for environmental protection and improvement of the health of the environment, particularly as the measure for this health seeks to incorporate the impact of changes to the environment on humans, animals, plants and non-living matter.
Eurodollars are time deposits denominated in U.S. dollars at banks outside the United States, and thus are not under the jurisdiction of the Federal Reserve.
In finance, a foreign exchange swap, forex swap, or FX swap is a simultaneous purchase and sale of identical amounts of one currency for another with two different value dates (normally spot to forward) and may use foreign exchange derivatives.
Hard currency, safe-haven currency or strong currency is any globally traded currency that serves as a reliable and stable store of value.
Improved sanitation is a term used to categorize types or levels of sanitation for monitoring purposes.
Infrastructure is the fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or other area, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function.
An interest rate cap is a type of interest rate derivative in which the buyer receives payments at the end of each period in which the interest rate exceeds the agreed strike price.
In finance, an interest rate swap (IRS) is an interest rate derivative (IRD).
The International Development Association (IDA) is an international financial institution which offers concessional loans and grants to the world's poorest developing countries.
The International Finance Corporation (IFC) is an international financial institution that offers investment, advisory, and asset-management services to encourage private-sector development in developing countries.
An international financial institution (IFI) is a financial institution that has been established (or chartered) by more than one country, and hence are subjects of international law.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.
Jim Yong Kim (born December 8, 1959), also known as Kim Yong, is a South Korean-American physician and anthropologist serving as the 12th and current President of the World Bank since 2012.
A line of credit is credit source extended to a government, business or individual by a bank or other financial institution.
In finance, a loan is the lending of money by one or more individuals, organizations, and/or other entities to other individuals, organizations etc.
In economics, a local currency is a currency that can be spent in a particular geographical locality at participating organisations.
The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $13 billion (nearly $ billion in US dollars) in economic assistance to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II.
In finance, maturity or maturity date refers to the final payment date of a loan or other financial instrument, at which point the principal (and all remaining interest) is due to be paid.
Paid in capital, paid-in capital or paid up capital, or contributed capital is capital that is contributed to a corporation by investors by purchase of stock from the corporation, the primary market, not by purchase of stock in the open market from other stockholders (the secondary market).
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Poverty reduction, or poverty alleviation, is a set of measures, both economic and humanitarian, that are intended to permanently lift people out of poverty.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
A shareholder or stockholder is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.
A sovereign default is the failure or refusal of the government of a sovereign state to pay back its debt in full.
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
In finance, a surety, surety bond or guaranty involves a promise by one party to assume responsibility for the debt obligation of a borrower if that borrower defaults.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
The World Bank Group (WBG) (Groupe de la Banque mondiale) is a family of five international organizations that make leveraged loans to developing countries.
Articles of Agreement of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Banque internationale pour la reconstruction et le développement, IBRD, International Bank for Reconstruction & Development, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), International Bank of Reconstruction and Development.