30 relations: Acronym, Charles Édouard Guillaume, Coordinated Universal Time, English language, Extraterritoriality, France, French Fourth Republic, French language, French Third Republic, General Conference on Weights and Measures, Germany, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, Intergovernmental organization, International Committee for Weights and Measures, International Organization for Standardization, International System of Units, Kilogram, Kingdom of Italy, Metre Convention, Metrologia, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Norway, Ole Jacob Broch, Pavillon de Breteuil, Sèvres, Switzerland, Treaty, United Kingdom, Washington, D.C., World Metrology Day.
An acronym is a word or name formed as an abbreviation from the initial components in a phrase or a word, usually individual letters (as in NATO or laser) and sometimes syllables (as in Benelux).
Charles Édouard Guillaume (15 February 1861, Fleurier, Switzerland – 13 May 1938, Sèvres, France) was a Swiss physicist who received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1920 in recognition of the service he had rendered to precision measurements in physics by his discovery of anomalies in nickel steel alloys.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Extraterritoriality is the state of being exempted from the jurisdiction of local law, usually as the result of diplomatic negotiations.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The French Fourth Republic was the republican government of France between 1946 and 1958, governed by the fourth republican constitution.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.
The General Conference on Weights and Measures (Conférence générale des poids et mesures – CGPM) is the supreme authority of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (Bureau international des poids et mesures – BIPM), the inter-governmental organization established in 1875 under the terms of the Metre Convention (Convention du Mètre) through which Member States act together on matters related to measurement science and measurement standards.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM), located in Geel, Belgium, is one of the seven institutes of the Joint Research Centre (JRC), a Directorate-General of the European Commission (EC).
An intergovernmental organization or international governmental organisation (IGO) is an organization composed primarily of sovereign states (referred to as member states), or of other intergovernmental organizations.
The International Committee for Weights and Measures (abbreviated CIPM from the French Comité international des poids et mesures) consists of eighteen persons, each of a different nationality, from Member States of the Metre Convention (Convention du Mètre) appointed by the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) whose principal task is to promote worldwide uniformity in units of measurement by taking direct action or by submitting proposals to the CGPM.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
The International System of Units (SI, abbreviated from the French Système international (d'unités)) is the modern form of the metric system, and is the most widely used system of measurement.
The kilogram or kilogramme (symbol: kg) is the base unit of mass in the International System of Units (SI), and is defined as being equal to the mass of the International Prototype of the Kilogram (IPK, also known as "Le Grand K" or "Big K"), a cylinder of platinum-iridium alloy stored by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures at Saint-Cloud, France.
The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.
The Metre Convention (Convention du Mètre), also known as the Treaty of the Metre, is an international treaty that was signed in Paris on 20 May 1875 by representatives of 17 nations (Argentina, Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Brazil, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Peru, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden and Norway, Switzerland, Turkey, United States of America, and Venezuela).
Metrologia is an international journal dealing with the scientific aspects of metrology.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is one of the oldest physical science laboratories in the United States.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Ole Jacob Broch (14 January 1818 – 5 February 1889) was a Norwegian mathematician, physicist, economist and government minister.
Pavillon de Breteuil is a building located in Saint-Cloud, France near Paris.
Sèvres is a commune in the southwestern suburbs of Paris, France.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
A treaty is an agreement under international law entered into by actors in international law, namely sovereign states and international organizations.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
World Metrology Day celebrates the signature by representatives of seventeen nations of the Metre Convention on 20 May 1875.
BIMP, BIPM, Bureau International des Poids et Mesures, Bureau international des Poids et Mesures, Bureau international des poids et mesures, IBWM, International Bureau for Weights and Measures, International Bureau of Weight and Measures, International Bureau of Weights & Measures, The International Bureau of Weights and Measures.