Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

Index International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR; Tribunal pénal international pour le Rwanda; Urukiko Mpanabyaha Mpuzamahanga Rwashyiriweho u Rwanda) was an international court established in November 1994 by the United Nations Security Council in Resolution 955 in order to judge people responsible for the Rwandan genocide and other serious violations of international law in Rwanda, or by Rwandan citizens in nearby states, between 1 January and 31 December 1994. [1]

63 relations: Ad litem, African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights, Anees Ahmed, Arusha, Bakhtiyar Tuzmukhamedov, Bongani Christopher Majola, Carla Del Ponte, Civil war, Command responsibility, Crimes against humanity, Denmark, Fausto Pocar, Ferdinand Nahimana, Florence Rita Arrey, Gacaca court, Geneva Conventions, Genocidal rape, Genocide, Genocide Convention, Global Justice or Global Revenge?, Hans Köchler, Hassan Bubacar Jallow, Hassan Ngeze, Hate Media, International court, International Criminal Court, International law, Jean Kambanda, Jean-Bosco Barayagwiza, Jean-Louis Bruguière, Jean-Paul Akayesu, Joint criminal enterprise, Khalida Rashid Khan, Lyal S. Sunga, Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals, Mehmet Güney, Michael Scharf, Navi Pillay, Order of precedence, Patrick Lipton Robinson, Paul Kagame, Precedent, Protocol II, Radio Muhabura, Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines, Religion in Rwanda, Robert Fremr, Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts Project, Rwanda, Rwandan genocide, ..., Rwandan Patriotic Front, Secretary-General of the United Nations, Solomy Balungi Bossa, South Africa, Tanzania, The Gambia, Theodor Meron, United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda, United Nations Security Council, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1165, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1503, United Nations Security Council Resolution 955, United Nations Security Council Resolution 977. Expand index (13 more) »

Ad litem

Ad litem (Latin: "for the suit"Black's Law Dictionary, Abridged Eighth Edition (2005), p. 37) is a term used in law to refer to the appointment by a court of one party to act in a lawsuit on behalf of another party such as a child or an incapacitated adult, who is deemed incapable of representing himself.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Ad litem · See more »

African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights

The African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights (the Court) is a continental court established by African countries to ensure protection of human and peoples' rights in Africa.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights · See more »

Anees Ahmed

Anees Ahmed is the Chief of Judicial and Legal Affairs, and formerly the Head of Chambers, of the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Anees Ahmed · See more »

Arusha

Arusha is a city in north eastern Tanzania and the capital of the Arusha Region, with a population of 416,442 plus 323,198 in the surrounding Arusha District (2012 census).

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Arusha · See more »

Bakhtiyar Tuzmukhamedov

Bakhtiyar R. Tuzmukhamedov (Бахтияр Раисович Тузмухамедов; born March 30, 1955) is a Russian international lawyer, who served as a judge at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda until its closure on December 31, 2015.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Bakhtiyar Tuzmukhamedov · See more »

Bongani Christopher Majola

Bongani Christopher Majola is an advocate of the High Court of South Africa, an academic, human rights scholar, and the previous Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN) International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Bongani Christopher Majola · See more »

Carla Del Ponte

Carla Del Ponte (born February 9, 1947) is a former Chief Prosecutor of two United Nations international criminal law tribunals.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Carla Del Ponte · See more »

Civil war

A civil war, also known as an intrastate war in polemology, is a war between organized groups within the same state or country.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Civil war · See more »

Command responsibility

Command responsibility, sometimes referred to as the Yamashita standard or the Medina standard, and also known as superior responsibility, is the legal doctrine of hierarchical accountability for war crimes.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Command responsibility · See more »

Crimes against humanity

Crimes against humanity are certain acts that are deliberately committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack or individual attack directed against any civilian or an identifiable part of a civilian population.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Crimes against humanity · See more »

Denmark

Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Denmark · See more »

Fausto Pocar

Fausto Pocar (born 1939) is an Italian jurist.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Fausto Pocar · See more »

Ferdinand Nahimana

Ferdinand Nahimana (born 15 June 1950 in Gatonde commune) is a Rwandan historian, who was convicted of participating in the Rwandan genocide.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Ferdinand Nahimana · See more »

Florence Rita Arrey

Florence Rita Arrey (born 1948) is a Cameroonian judge who was the first female Chief Justice of the Court of the Appeal.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Florence Rita Arrey · See more »

Gacaca court

The Gacaca court is a system of community justice inspired by Rwandan tradition where gacaca can be loosely translated to "justice amongst the grass".

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Gacaca court · See more »

Geneva Conventions

Original document as PDF in single pages, 1864 The Geneva Conventions comprise four treaties, and three additional protocols, that establish the standards of international law for humanitarian treatment in war.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Geneva Conventions · See more »

Genocidal rape

Genocidal rape is a term used to describe the actions of a group who have carried out acts of mass rape during wartime against their perceived enemy as part of a genocidal campaign.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Genocidal rape · See more »

Genocide

Genocide is intentional action to destroy a people (usually defined as an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group) in whole or in part.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Genocide · See more »

Genocide Convention

The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 9 December 1948 as General Assembly Resolution 260.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Genocide Convention · See more »

Global Justice or Global Revenge?

Global Justice or Global Revenge? International Criminal Justice at the Crossroads (2003) is a book by Austrian philosopher Hans Köchler, who was appointed by the United Nations as observer of the Lockerbie bombing trial in the Netherlands (2000-2002).

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Global Justice or Global Revenge? · See more »

Hans Köchler

Hans Köchler (born 18 October 1948) is a retired professor of philosophy at the University of Innsbruck, Austria, and president of the International Progress Organization, a non-governmental organization in consultative status with the United Nations.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Hans Köchler · See more »

Hassan Bubacar Jallow

Hassan Bubacar Jallow (born 14 August 1951) is a Gambian judge who has served as Chief Justice of the Gambia since February 2017.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Hassan Bubacar Jallow · See more »

Hassan Ngeze

Hassan Ngeze (born 25 December 1957) is a Rwandan journalist best known for spreading anti-Tutsi propaganda and Hutu superiority through his newspaper, Kangura, which he founded in 1990.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Hassan Ngeze · See more »

Hate Media

Thomas Kamilindi, author of Journalism in a Time of Hate Media, describes hate media as a form of violence, which helps to demonize and stigmatize people that belong to different groups.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Hate Media · See more »

International court

International courts are formed by treaties between nations or under the authority of an international organization such as the United Nations and include ad hoc tribunals and permanent institutions but exclude any courts arising purely under national authority.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and International court · See more »

International Criminal Court

The International Criminal Court (ICC or ICCt) is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal that sits in The Hague in the Netherlands.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and International Criminal Court · See more »

International law

International law is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and between nations.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and International law · See more »

Jean Kambanda

Jean Kambanda (born October 19, 1955) was the Prime Minister in the caretaker government of Rwanda from the start of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Jean Kambanda · See more »

Jean-Bosco Barayagwiza

Jean-Bosco Barayagwiza (1950, Mutura – 25 April 2010) was a Rwandan diplomat and the chairman of the executive committee for the Rwandan radio station Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines from 1993 and during the 1994 Rwandan Genocide.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Jean-Bosco Barayagwiza · See more »

Jean-Louis Bruguière

Jean-Louis Bruguière was the leading French investigating magistrate in charge of counter-terrorism affairs.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Jean-Louis Bruguière · See more »

Jean-Paul Akayesu

Jean-Paul Akayesu (born 1953) is a former teacher, school inspector, and Republican Democratic Movement (MDR) politician from Rwanda.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Jean-Paul Akayesu · See more »

Joint criminal enterprise

Joint criminal enterprise (JCE) is a legal doctrine used during war crimes tribunals to allow the prosecution of members of a group for the actions of the group.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Joint criminal enterprise · See more »

Khalida Rashid Khan

Khalida Rashid Khan is a Pakistani judge who became the first female judge in the Superior Judiciary of Pakistan.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Khalida Rashid Khan · See more »

Lyal S. Sunga

Lyal S. Sunga is a well-known specialist on international human rights law, international humanitarian law and international criminal law.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Lyal S. Sunga · See more »

Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals

The Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals (MICT), officially the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals, is an international court established by the United Nations Security Council in 2010 to perform the remaining functions of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) following the completion of those tribunals' respective mandates.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals · See more »

Mehmet Güney

Mehmet Güney (born 3 May 1936 in Siirt, Turkey) is an international judge and a Turkish diplomat.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Mehmet Güney · See more »

Michael Scharf

Michael P. Scharf (born April 25, 1963 in Shaker Heights, Ohio) is co-dean, Joseph C. Hostetler -- BakerHostetler professor of law, and the director of the Frederick K. Cox International Law Center at Case Western Reserve University School of Law.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Michael Scharf · See more »

Navi Pillay

Navanethem "Navi" Pillay (born 23 September 1941) is a South African jurist who served as the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights from 2008 to 2014.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Navi Pillay · See more »

Order of precedence

Order of precedence is a sequential hierarchy of nominal importance of persons.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Order of precedence · See more »

Patrick Lipton Robinson

Patrick Lipton Robinson, O.J. (born 29 January 1944 in Jamaica), is a Jamaican member of the International Court of Justice for the term commencing February 2015.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Patrick Lipton Robinson · See more »

Paul Kagame

Paul Kagame (born 23 October 1957) is a Rwandan politician and former military leader.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Paul Kagame · See more »

Precedent

In common law legal systems, a precedent, or authority, is a principle or rule established in a previous legal case that is either binding on or persuasive for a court or other tribunal when deciding subsequent cases with similar issues or facts.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Precedent · See more »

Protocol II

Protocol II is a 1977 amendment protocol to the Geneva Conventions relating to the protection of victims of non-international armed conflicts.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Protocol II · See more »

Radio Muhabura

Radio Muhabura was a radio station of RPF (Rwandan Patriotic Front) during the Rwandan Civil War from 1990 to 1994.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Radio Muhabura · See more »

Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines

Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines (RTLM) was a Rwandan radio station which broadcast from July 8, 1993 to July 31, 1994.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines · See more »

Religion in Rwanda

The most recent statistics on religion in Rwanda were published by the US Government in 2013, yet the source information dates back to the national Census of 2002, which reports that: 56.9% of the Rwanda's population is Roman Catholic, 26% is Protestant, 11.1% is Seventh-day Adventist, 4.6% is Muslim (mainly Sunni), 1.7% claims no or other religious affiliation, and 0.1% practices traditional indigenous beliefs.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Religion in Rwanda · See more »

Robert Fremr

Robert Fremr (born 1957) is a Czech jurist.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Robert Fremr · See more »

Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts Project

The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts Project (RULAC Project) is an initiative of the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights to support the application and implementation of the international law of armed conflict.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts Project · See more »

Rwanda

Rwanda (U Rwanda), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Repubulika y'u Rwanda; République du Rwanda), is a sovereign state in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Rwanda · See more »

Rwandan genocide

The Rwandan genocide, also known as the genocide against the Tutsi, was a genocidal mass slaughter of Tutsi in Rwanda by members of the Hutu majority government.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Rwandan genocide · See more »

Rwandan Patriotic Front

The Rwandan Patriotic Front (Front patriotique rwandais, FPR) is the ruling political party in Rwanda.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Rwandan Patriotic Front · See more »

Secretary-General of the United Nations

The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG or just SG) is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Secretary-General of the United Nations · See more »

Solomy Balungi Bossa

Solomy Balungi Bossa (born 14 April 1956) is a Ugandan judge on the International Criminal Court.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Solomy Balungi Bossa · See more »

South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and South Africa · See more »

Tanzania

Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Tanzania · See more »

The Gambia

No description.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and The Gambia · See more »

Theodor Meron

Theodor Meron (born 28 April 1930, Kalisz, Poland) is the current President of the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (Mechanism).

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and Theodor Meron · See more »

United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda

The United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) was established by United Nations Security Council Resolution 872 on 5 October 1993.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda · See more »

United Nations Security Council

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and United Nations Security Council · See more »

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1165

United Nations Security Council resolution 1165, adopted unanimously on 30 April 1998, after recalling Resolution 955 (1994), the Council established a third trial chamber at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and United Nations Security Council Resolution 1165 · See more »

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1503

United Nations Security Council resolution 1503, adopted unanimously on 28 August 2003, after recalling resolutions 827 (1993), 955 (1994), 978 (1995), 1165 (1998), 1166 (1998), 1329 (2000), 1411 (2002), 1431 (2002) and 1481 (2003), the Council decided to split the prosecutorial duties of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) which had previously been under the responsibility of one official, Carla Del Ponte, since 1999.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and United Nations Security Council Resolution 1503 · See more »

United Nations Security Council Resolution 955

United Nations Security Council resolution 955, adopted on 8 November 1994, after recalling all resolutions on Rwanda, the Council noted that serious violations of international humanitarian law had taken place in the country and, acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, established the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and United Nations Security Council Resolution 955 · See more »

United Nations Security Council Resolution 977

United Nations Security Council resolution 977, adopted unanimously on 22 February 1995, after recalling Resolution 955 (1994) in which the Council was to determine the seat of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) and noting a report by the Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, the Council decided that its seat would be in Arusha, Tanzania.

New!!: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and United Nations Security Council Resolution 977 · See more »

Redirects here:

Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, ICTR, International Tribunal for Rwanda, Rwanda Inquiry, Rwanda Tribunal, Tribunal penal international pour le Rwanda, Tribunal pénal international pour le Rwanda, Urukiko Nshinjabyaha Mpuzamahanga rwagenewe u Rwanda.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Criminal_Tribunal_for_Rwanda

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »