63 relations: Ad litem, African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights, Anees Ahmed, Arusha, Bakhtiyar Tuzmukhamedov, Bongani Christopher Majola, Carla Del Ponte, Civil war, Command responsibility, Crimes against humanity, Denmark, Fausto Pocar, Ferdinand Nahimana, Florence Rita Arrey, Gacaca court, Geneva Conventions, Genocidal rape, Genocide, Genocide Convention, Global Justice or Global Revenge?, Hans Köchler, Hassan Bubacar Jallow, Hassan Ngeze, Hate Media, International court, International Criminal Court, International law, Jean Kambanda, Jean-Bosco Barayagwiza, Jean-Louis Bruguière, Jean-Paul Akayesu, Joint criminal enterprise, Khalida Rashid Khan, Lyal S. Sunga, Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals, Mehmet Güney, Michael Scharf, Navi Pillay, Order of precedence, Patrick Lipton Robinson, Paul Kagame, Precedent, Protocol II, Radio Muhabura, Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines, Religion in Rwanda, Robert Fremr, Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts Project, Rwanda, Rwandan genocide, ..., Rwandan Patriotic Front, Secretary-General of the United Nations, Solomy Balungi Bossa, South Africa, Tanzania, The Gambia, Theodor Meron, United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda, United Nations Security Council, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1165, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1503, United Nations Security Council Resolution 955, United Nations Security Council Resolution 977. Expand index (13 more) » « Shrink index
Ad litem (Latin: "for the suit"Black's Law Dictionary, Abridged Eighth Edition (2005), p. 37) is a term used in law to refer to the appointment by a court of one party to act in a lawsuit on behalf of another party such as a child or an incapacitated adult, who is deemed incapable of representing himself.
The African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights (the Court) is a continental court established by African countries to ensure protection of human and peoples' rights in Africa.
Anees Ahmed is the Chief of Judicial and Legal Affairs, and formerly the Head of Chambers, of the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.
Arusha is a city in north eastern Tanzania and the capital of the Arusha Region, with a population of 416,442 plus 323,198 in the surrounding Arusha District (2012 census).
Bakhtiyar R. Tuzmukhamedov (Бахтияр Раисович Тузмухамедов; born March 30, 1955) is a Russian international lawyer, who served as a judge at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda until its closure on December 31, 2015.
Bongani Christopher Majola is an advocate of the High Court of South Africa, an academic, human rights scholar, and the previous Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN) International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).
Carla Del Ponte (born February 9, 1947) is a former Chief Prosecutor of two United Nations international criminal law tribunals.
A civil war, also known as an intrastate war in polemology, is a war between organized groups within the same state or country.
Command responsibility, sometimes referred to as the Yamashita standard or the Medina standard, and also known as superior responsibility, is the legal doctrine of hierarchical accountability for war crimes.
Crimes against humanity are certain acts that are deliberately committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack or individual attack directed against any civilian or an identifiable part of a civilian population.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Fausto Pocar (born 1939) is an Italian jurist.
Ferdinand Nahimana (born 15 June 1950 in Gatonde commune) is a Rwandan historian, who was convicted of participating in the Rwandan genocide.
Florence Rita Arrey (born 1948) is a Cameroonian judge who was the first female Chief Justice of the Court of the Appeal.
The Gacaca court is a system of community justice inspired by Rwandan tradition where gacaca can be loosely translated to "justice amongst the grass".
Original document as PDF in single pages, 1864 The Geneva Conventions comprise four treaties, and three additional protocols, that establish the standards of international law for humanitarian treatment in war.
Genocidal rape is a term used to describe the actions of a group who have carried out acts of mass rape during wartime against their perceived enemy as part of a genocidal campaign.
Genocide is intentional action to destroy a people (usually defined as an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group) in whole or in part.
The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 9 December 1948 as General Assembly Resolution 260.
Global Justice or Global Revenge? International Criminal Justice at the Crossroads (2003) is a book by Austrian philosopher Hans Köchler, who was appointed by the United Nations as observer of the Lockerbie bombing trial in the Netherlands (2000-2002).
Hans Köchler (born 18 October 1948) is a retired professor of philosophy at the University of Innsbruck, Austria, and president of the International Progress Organization, a non-governmental organization in consultative status with the United Nations.
Hassan Bubacar Jallow (born 14 August 1951) is a Gambian judge who has served as Chief Justice of the Gambia since February 2017.
Hassan Ngeze (born 25 December 1957) is a Rwandan journalist best known for spreading anti-Tutsi propaganda and Hutu superiority through his newspaper, Kangura, which he founded in 1990.
Thomas Kamilindi, author of Journalism in a Time of Hate Media, describes hate media as a form of violence, which helps to demonize and stigmatize people that belong to different groups.
International courts are formed by treaties between nations or under the authority of an international organization such as the United Nations and include ad hoc tribunals and permanent institutions but exclude any courts arising purely under national authority.
The International Criminal Court (ICC or ICCt) is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal that sits in The Hague in the Netherlands.
International law is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and between nations.
Jean Kambanda (born October 19, 1955) was the Prime Minister in the caretaker government of Rwanda from the start of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide.
Jean-Bosco Barayagwiza (1950, Mutura – 25 April 2010) was a Rwandan diplomat and the chairman of the executive committee for the Rwandan radio station Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines from 1993 and during the 1994 Rwandan Genocide.
Jean-Louis Bruguière was the leading French investigating magistrate in charge of counter-terrorism affairs.
Jean-Paul Akayesu (born 1953) is a former teacher, school inspector, and Republican Democratic Movement (MDR) politician from Rwanda.
Joint criminal enterprise (JCE) is a legal doctrine used during war crimes tribunals to allow the prosecution of members of a group for the actions of the group.
Khalida Rashid Khan is a Pakistani judge who became the first female judge in the Superior Judiciary of Pakistan.
Lyal S. Sunga is a well-known specialist on international human rights law, international humanitarian law and international criminal law.
The Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals (MICT), officially the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals, is an international court established by the United Nations Security Council in 2010 to perform the remaining functions of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) following the completion of those tribunals' respective mandates.
Mehmet Güney (born 3 May 1936 in Siirt, Turkey) is an international judge and a Turkish diplomat.
Michael P. Scharf (born April 25, 1963 in Shaker Heights, Ohio) is co-dean, Joseph C. Hostetler -- BakerHostetler professor of law, and the director of the Frederick K. Cox International Law Center at Case Western Reserve University School of Law.
Navanethem "Navi" Pillay (born 23 September 1941) is a South African jurist who served as the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights from 2008 to 2014.
Order of precedence is a sequential hierarchy of nominal importance of persons.
Patrick Lipton Robinson, O.J. (born 29 January 1944 in Jamaica), is a Jamaican member of the International Court of Justice for the term commencing February 2015.
Paul Kagame (born 23 October 1957) is a Rwandan politician and former military leader.
In common law legal systems, a precedent, or authority, is a principle or rule established in a previous legal case that is either binding on or persuasive for a court or other tribunal when deciding subsequent cases with similar issues or facts.
Protocol II is a 1977 amendment protocol to the Geneva Conventions relating to the protection of victims of non-international armed conflicts.
Radio Muhabura was a radio station of RPF (Rwandan Patriotic Front) during the Rwandan Civil War from 1990 to 1994.
Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines (RTLM) was a Rwandan radio station which broadcast from July 8, 1993 to July 31, 1994.
The most recent statistics on religion in Rwanda were published by the US Government in 2013, yet the source information dates back to the national Census of 2002, which reports that: 56.9% of the Rwanda's population is Roman Catholic, 26% is Protestant, 11.1% is Seventh-day Adventist, 4.6% is Muslim (mainly Sunni), 1.7% claims no or other religious affiliation, and 0.1% practices traditional indigenous beliefs.
Robert Fremr (born 1957) is a Czech jurist.
The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts Project (RULAC Project) is an initiative of the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights to support the application and implementation of the international law of armed conflict.
Rwanda (U Rwanda), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Repubulika y'u Rwanda; République du Rwanda), is a sovereign state in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland.
The Rwandan genocide, also known as the genocide against the Tutsi, was a genocidal mass slaughter of Tutsi in Rwanda by members of the Hutu majority government.
The Rwandan Patriotic Front (Front patriotique rwandais, FPR) is the ruling political party in Rwanda.
The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG or just SG) is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.
Solomy Balungi Bossa (born 14 April 1956) is a Ugandan judge on the International Criminal Court.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.
Theodor Meron (born 28 April 1930, Kalisz, Poland) is the current President of the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (Mechanism).
The United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) was established by United Nations Security Council Resolution 872 on 5 October 1993.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
United Nations Security Council resolution 1165, adopted unanimously on 30 April 1998, after recalling Resolution 955 (1994), the Council established a third trial chamber at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).
United Nations Security Council resolution 1503, adopted unanimously on 28 August 2003, after recalling resolutions 827 (1993), 955 (1994), 978 (1995), 1165 (1998), 1166 (1998), 1329 (2000), 1411 (2002), 1431 (2002) and 1481 (2003), the Council decided to split the prosecutorial duties of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) which had previously been under the responsibility of one official, Carla Del Ponte, since 1999.
United Nations Security Council resolution 955, adopted on 8 November 1994, after recalling all resolutions on Rwanda, the Council noted that serious violations of international humanitarian law had taken place in the country and, acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, established the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).
United Nations Security Council resolution 977, adopted unanimously on 22 February 1995, after recalling Resolution 955 (1994) in which the Council was to determine the seat of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) and noting a report by the Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, the Council decided that its seat would be in Arusha, Tanzania.
Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, ICTR, International Tribunal for Rwanda, Rwanda Inquiry, Rwanda Tribunal, Tribunal penal international pour le Rwanda, Tribunal pénal international pour le Rwanda, Urukiko Nshinjabyaha Mpuzamahanga rwagenewe u Rwanda.