379 relations: Acesulfame potassium, Acetic acid, Acetylated distarch adipate, Activated carbon, Adipic acid, Agar, Alcohol, Algae, Alginic acid, Alitame, Alkannin, Allura Red AC, Alpha-Tocopherol, Aluminium, Aluminium silicate, Aluminium sulfate, Amaranth (dye), Ammonia, Ammonia solution, Ammonium acetate, Ammonium adipate, Ammonium aluminium sulfate, Ammonium bicarbonate, Ammonium carbonate, Ammonium chloride, Ammonium ferric citrate, Ammonium fumarate, Ammonium lactate, Ammonium malate, Ammonium phosphate, Ammonium polyphosphate, Ammonium sulfate, Amylase, Annatto, Anthocyanin, Antioxidant, Apocarotenal, Arabinogalactan, Argon, Ascorbyl palmitate, Ascorbyl stearate, Aspartame, Astaxanthin, Azorubine, Bacillus subtilis, Beeswax, Bentonite, Benzoic acid, Benzoyl peroxide, Beta-Carotene, ..., Betanin, Biphenyl, Bixin, Blakeslea trispora, Borax, Boric acid, Brilliant Black BN, Brilliant Blue FCF, Brominated vegetable oil, Brown FK, Brown HT, Butane, Butylated hydroxyanisole, Butylated hydroxytoluene, Calcium acetate, Calcium alginate, Calcium aluminosilicate, Calcium benzoate, Calcium bicarbonate, Calcium bisulfite, Calcium carbonate, Calcium chloride, Calcium citrate, Calcium diglutamate, Calcium formate, Calcium fumarate, Calcium gluconate, Calcium guanylate, Calcium hydroxide, Calcium inosinate, Calcium lactate, Calcium malate, Calcium oxide, Calcium phosphate, Calcium propanoate, Calcium pyrophosphate, Calcium silicate, Calcium sorbate, Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate, Calcium sulfate, Calcium sulfite, Calcium tartrate, Candelilla wax, Canthaxanthin, Caramel, Caramel color, Carbon black, Carbon dioxide, Carboxymethyl cellulose, Carnauba wax, Carotene, Carrageenan, Cellulose, Chlorine, Chlorine dioxide, Chlorophyll, Chlorophyllin, Choline, Chrysanthemin, Chrysoine resorcinol, Citranaxanthin, Citric acid, Citrus Red 2, Cochineal, Codex Alimentarius, Codex Alimentarius Austriacus, Copper(II) sulfate, Crimson, Cryptoxanthin, Curcumin, Cyclamic acid, Cyclodextrin, Cysteine, DATEM, Dehydroacetic acid, Delta-Tocopherol, Dextrin, Dimethyl dicarbonate, Dipotassium guanylate, Disodium guanylate, Disodium inosinate, Disodium ribonucleotides, Docusate, Dodecyl gallate, E number, Emulsion, Erythorbic acid, Erythrosine, Ethanol, Ethyl maltol, Ethyl methyl cellulose, Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, Ethylparaben, Eucheuma, Europe, European Union, Fast Green FCF, Fatty acid, Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, Flavin mononucleotide, Flavoxanthin, Food additive, Food and Agriculture Organization, Food and Drug Administration, Food Chemicals Codex, Food orange 7, Formaldehyde, Formic acid, Fumaric acid, Gamma-Tocopherol, Gardenia, Gelatin, Gellan gum, Glucono delta-lactone, Glucose oxidase, Glutamic acid, Glycerol, Glycerol ester of wood rosin, Glycerol monostearate, Glycine, Gold, Green S, Guanosine monophosphate, Guar gum, Gum arabic, Gum guaicum, Gum karaya, Helium, Heptylparaben, Hexamethylenetetramine, Hydrochloric acid, Hydroxypropyl cellulose, Hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate, Hypromellose, Indanthrone blue, Indigo dye, Inosinic acid, Invertase, Iron oxide, Iron(II) gluconate, Iron(II) lactate, Isobutane, Isomalt, Kaolinite, Konjac, Lactic acid, Lactitol, Lactobionic acid, Lecithin, Leucine, Lipase, List of food additives, Lithol Rubine BK, Locust bean gum, Lutein, Lycopene, Lysozyme, Magnesium carbonate, Magnesium chloride, Magnesium citrate, Magnesium diglutamate, Magnesium hydroxide, Magnesium lactate, Magnesium oxide, Magnesium phosphate, Magnesium stearate, Magnesium sulfate, Malic acid, Maltitol, Maltol, Mannitol, Metatartaric acid, Methyl cellulose, Methylparaben, Microcline, Mineral, Mixed ammonium salts of phosphorylated glycerides, Modified starch, Monoammonium glutamate, Monopotassium glutamate, Monosodium glutamate, Natamycin, Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone, Niacin, Nicotinamide, Nisin, Nitrogen, Nitrous oxide, Octyl gallate, Orange GGN, Orcein, Paprika oleoresin, Paraffin wax, Patent Blue V, Pectin, Phosphated distarch phosphate, Phosphoric acid, Phytic acid, Polydextrose, Polydimethylsiloxane, Polyethylene glycol, Polyglycerol polyricinoleate, Polyphosphate, Polysorbate, Polysorbate 20, Polysorbate 80, Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone, Polyvinylpyrrolidone, Ponceau 4R, Ponceau 6R, Potassium acetate, Potassium adipate, Potassium alum, Potassium benzoate, Potassium bicarbonate, Potassium bisulfite, Potassium bromate, Potassium carbonate, Potassium chloride, Potassium citrate, Potassium ferrocyanide, Potassium fumarate, Potassium gluconate, Potassium hydroxide, Potassium lactate, Potassium malate, Potassium metabisulfite, Potassium nitrate, Potassium nitrite, Potassium phosphate, Potassium propanoate, Potassium sodium tartrate, Potassium sorbate, Potassium sulfate, Potassium sulfite, Potassium tartrate, Preservative, Propionic acid, Propyl gallate, Propylene glycol, Propylene glycol alginate, Propylparaben, Pyrophosphate, Quillaia, Quinoline Yellow WS, Red 2G, Rhodoxanthin, Riboflavin, Rubixanthin, Saccharin, Salt, Sandalwood, Scarlet GN, Shellac, Silicon dioxide, Silver, Sodium acetate, Sodium adipate, Sodium aluminium phosphate, Sodium aluminium sulfate, Sodium aluminosilicate, Sodium benzoate, Sodium bicarbonate, Sodium bisulfite, Sodium carbonate, Sodium citrate, Sodium cyclamate, Sodium dehydroacetate, Sodium diacetate, Sodium erythorbate, Sodium ferrocyanide, Sodium formate, Sodium fumarate, Sodium gluconate, Sodium hydroxide, Sodium lactate, Sodium malate, Sodium metabisulfite, Sodium methylparaben, Sodium nitrate, Sodium nitrite, Sodium orthophenyl phenol, Sodium propionate, Sodium sorbate, Sodium stearoyl lactylate, Sodium sulfate, Sodium sulfite, Sodium tartrate, Sorbic acid, Sorbitan monolaurate, Sorbitan monostearate, Sorbitan tristearate, Sorbitol, Stearic acid, Succinic acid, Sucralose, Sucrose acetate isobutyrate, Sulfite, Sulfur dioxide, Sulfuric acid, Sunset Yellow FCF, Tagetes erecta, Talc, Tannin, Tara spinosa, Tartaric acid, Tartrazine, Tert-Butylhydroquinone, Thaumatin, Tiabendazole, Tin(II) chloride, Titanium dioxide, Tocopherol, Tragacanth, Triacetin, Triethyl citrate, Trisodium phosphate, Turmeric, United Nations, Urea, Violaxanthin, Vitamin C, World Health Organization, Xanthan gum, Xylitol, Yellow 2G, Zeaxanthin, Zinc acetate, 2-Phenylphenol. Expand index (329 more) » « Shrink index
Acesulfame potassium, also known as acesulfame K (K is the symbol for potassium) or Ace K, is a calorie-free sugar substitute (artificial sweetener) often marketed under the trade names Sunett and Sweet One.
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
Acetylated distarch adipate (E1422), is a starch that is treated with acetic anhydride and adipic acid anhydride to resist high temperatures.
Activated carbon, also called activated charcoal, is a form of carbon processed to have small, low-volume pores that increase the surface area available for adsorption or chemical reactions.
Adipic acid or hexanedioic acid is the organic compound with the formula (CH2)4(COOH)2.
Agar (pronounced, sometimes) or agar-agar is a jelly-like substance, obtained from algae.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
Algae (singular alga) is an informal term for a large, diverse group of photosynthetic organisms that are not necessarily closely related, and is thus polyphyletic.
Alginic acid, also called algin or alginate, is a polysaccharide distributed widely in the cell walls of brown algae, where through binding with water it forms a viscous gum.
Alitame is an aspartic acid-containing dipeptide sweetener.
Alkannin is a natural dye that is obtained from the extracts of plants from the borage family Alkanna tinctoria that are found in the south of France.
Allura Red AC is a red azo dye that goes by several names.
α-Tocopherol is a type of vitamin E. It has E number "E307".
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
Aluminium silicate (or aluminum silicate) is a name commonly applied to chemical compounds which are derived from aluminium oxide, Al2O3 and silicon dioxide, SiO2 which may be anhydrous or hydrated, naturally occurring as minerals or synthetic.
Aluminium sulfate is a chemical compound with the formula Al2(SO4)3.
Amaranth, FD&C Red No.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Ammonia solution, also known as ammonia water, ammoniacal liquor, ammonia liquor, aqua ammonia, aqueous ammonia, or (inaccurately) ammonia, is a solution of ammonia in water.
Ammonium acetate, also known as spirit of Mindererus in aqueous solution, is a chemical compound with the formula NH4CH3CO2.
Ammonium adipate is a compound with formula (NH4)2(C4H8(COO)2).
Ammonium aluminium sulfate, also known as ammonium alum or just alum, is a white crystalline double sulfate usually encountered as the dodecahydrate, formula (NH4)Al(SO4)2·12H2O.
Ammonium bicarbonate is an inorganic compound with formula (NH4)HCO3, simplified to NH5CO3.
Ammonium carbonate is a salt with the chemical formula (NH4)2CO3.
Ammonium chloride is an inorganic compound with the formula NH4Cl and a white crystalline salt that is highly soluble in water.
Ammonium ferric citrate has the formula (NH4)5.
Ammonium fumarate is a compound with formula (NH4)2(C2H2(COO)2).
Ammonium lactate is a compound with formula NH4(C2H4(OH)COO).
Ammonium malate is a compound with formula NH4(C2H4O(COO)2).
Ammonium phosphate is the salt of ammonium and phosphate.
Ammonium polyphosphate commercially produced by Clariant, (former business area of Hoechst AG), Budenheim and other sources is an inorganic salt of polyphosphoric acid and ammonia containing both chains and possibly branching.
Ammonium sulfate (American English and international scientific usage; ammonium sulphate in British English); (NH4)2SO4, is an inorganic salt with a number of commercial uses.
An amylase is an enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of starch into sugars.
Annatto is an orange-red condiment and food coloring derived from the seeds of the achiote tree (Bixa orellana).
Anthocyanins (also anthocyans; from Greek: ἄνθος (anthos) "flower" and κυάνεος/κυανοῦς kyaneos/kyanous "dark blue") are water-soluble vacuolar pigments that, depending on their pH, may appear red, purple, or blue.
Antioxidants are molecules that inhibit the oxidation of other molecules.
Apocarotenal, or trans-β-apo-8'-carotenal, is a carotenoid found in spinach and citrus fruits.
Arabinogalactan is a biopolymer consisting of arabinose and galactose monosaccharides.
Argon is a chemical element with symbol Ar and atomic number 18.
Ascorbyl palmitate is an ester formed from ascorbic acid and palmitic acid creating a fat-soluble form of vitamin C. In addition to its use as a source of vitamin C, it is also used as an antioxidant food additive (E number E304).
Ascorbyl stearate (C24H42O7) is an ester formed from ascorbic acid and stearic acid.
Aspartame (APM) is an artificial non-saccharide sweetener used as a sugar substitute in some foods and beverages.
Astaxanthin is a keto-carotenoid.
Azorubine is an azo dye produced as a disodium salt.
Bacillus subtilis, known also as the hay bacillus or grass bacillus, is a Gram-positive, catalase-positive bacterium, found in soil and the gastrointestinal tract of ruminants and humans.
Beeswax (cera alba) is a natural wax produced by honey bees of the genus Apis.
Bentonite (/ˈbɛntənʌɪt/) is an absorbent aluminium phyllosilicate clay consisting mostly of montmorillonite.
Benzoic acid, C7H6O2 (or C6H5COOH), is a colorless crystalline solid and a simple aromatic carboxylic acid.
Benzoyl peroxide (BPO) is a medication and industrial chemical.
β-Carotene is an organic, strongly colored red-orange pigment abundant in plants and fruits.
Betanin, or Beetroot Red, is a red glycosidic food dye obtained from beets; its aglycone, obtained by hydrolyzing away the glucose molecule, is betanidin.
Biphenyl (or diphenyl or phenylbenzene or 1,1′-biphenyl or lemonene) is an organic compound that forms colorless crystals.
Bixin is an apocarotenoid found in annatto, a natural food coloring obtained from the seeds of the achiote tree (Bixa orellana).
Blakeslea trispora is a mould and member of the division Zygomycota.
Borax, also known as sodium borate, sodium tetraborate, or disodium tetraborate, is an important boron compound, a mineral, and a salt of boric acid.
Boric acid, also called hydrogen borate, boracic acid, orthoboric acid and acidum boricum, is a weak, monobasic Lewis acid of boron, which is often used as an antiseptic, insecticide, flame retardant, neutron absorber, or precursor to other chemical compounds.
Brilliant Black BN, Brilliant Black PN, Brilliant Black A, Black PN, Food Black 1, Naphthol Black, C.I. Food Black 1, or C.I. 28440, is a synthetic black diazo dye.
Brilliant Blue FCF (Blue 1) is an organic compound classified as a triarylmethane dye and a blue azo dye, reflecting its chemical structure.
Brominated vegetable oil (BVO) is a complex mixture of plant-derived triglycerides that have been reacted to contain atoms of the element bromine bonded to the molecules.
Brown FK, also called Kipper Brown, Chocolate Brown FK, and C.I. Food Brown 1, is a brown mixture of six synthetic azo dyes, with addition of sodium chloride, and/or sodium sulfate.
Brown HT, also called Chocolate Brown HT, Food Brown 3, and C.I. 20285, is a brown synthetic coal tar diazo dye.
Butane is an organic compound with the formula C4H10 that is an alkane with four carbon atoms.
Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) is an antioxidant consisting of a mixture of two isomeric organic compounds, 2-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole and 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole.
Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), also known as dibutylhydroxytoluene, is a lipophilic organic compound, chemically a derivative of phenol, that is useful for its antioxidant properties.
Calcium acetate is a chemical compound which is a calcium salt of acetic acid.
Calcium alginate is a water-insoluble, gelatinous, cream-coloured substance that can be created through the addition of aqueous calcium chloride to aqueous sodium alginate.
Calcium aluminosilicate, an aluminosilicate compound with calcium cations, most typically has formula CaAl2Si2O8.
Calcium benzoate refers to the calcium salt of benzoic acid.
Calcium bicarbonate, also called calcium hydrogen carbonate, has a chemical formula Ca(HCO3)2.
Calcium bisulfite (calcium bisulphite) is an inorganic compound which is the salt of a calcium cation and a bisulfite anion.
Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula CaCO3.
Calcium chloride is an inorganic compound, a salt with the chemical formula CaCl2.
Calcium citrate is the calcium salt of citric acid.
Calcium diglutamate, sometimes abbreviated CDG and also called calcium glutamate, is a compound with formula Ca(C5H8NO4)2.
Calcium formate, Ca(HCO2)2 (or. Ca(HCOO)2), is the calcium salt of formic acid, HCOOH.
Calcium fumarate is a compound with formula Ca(C2H2(COO)2) or (OOC-CH.
Calcium gluconate is a mineral supplement and medication.
Calcium guanylate is a compound with formula Ca(C10H12O4N5PO4).
Calcium hydroxide (traditionally called slaked lime) is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Ca(OH)2.
Calcium inosinate is a calcium salt of the nucleoside inosine.
Calcium lactate is a white crystalline salt with formula, consisting of two lactate anions (CHOH) for each calcium cation.
Calcium malate is a compound with formula Ca(C2H4O(COO)2).
Calcium oxide (CaO), commonly known as quicklime or burnt lime, is a widely used chemical compound.
Calcium phosphate is a family of materials and minerals containing calcium ions (Ca2+) together with inorganic phosphate anions.
Calcium propanoate or calcium propionate has the formula Ca(C2H5COO)2.
Calcium pyrophosphate (Ca2P2O7) is a chemical compound, an insoluble calcium salt containing the pyrophosphate anion.
Calcium silicate is the chemical compound Ca2SiO4, also known as calcium orthosilicate and is sometimes formulated as 2CaO·SiO2.
Calcium sorbate is the calcium salt of sorbic acid.
Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate (calcium stearoyl lactylate or CSL) or E482 is a versatile, FDA approved food additive.
Calcium sulfate (or calcium sulphate) is the inorganic compound with the formula CaSO4 and related hydrates.
Calcium sulfite, or calcium sulphite, is a chemical compound, the calcium salt of sulfite with the formula CaSO3·x(H2O).
Calcium tartrate, exactly calcium L-tartrate, is a byproduct of the wine industry, prepared from wine fermentation dregs.
Candelilla wax is a wax derived from the leaves of the small Candelilla shrub native to northern Mexico and the southwestern United States, Euphorbia cerifera and Euphorbia antisyphilitica, from the family Euphorbiaceae.
Canthaxanthin is a keto-carotenoid pigment widely distributed in nature.
Caramel is a medium- to dark-orange confectionery product made by heating a variety of sugars.
Caramel color or caramel coloring is a water-soluble food coloring.
Carbon black (subtypes are acetylene black, channel black, furnace black, lamp black and thermal black) is a material produced by the incomplete combustion of heavy petroleum products such as FCC tar, coal tar, ethylene cracking tar, with the addition of a small amount of vegetable oil.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) or cellulose gum or tylose powder is a cellulose derivative with carboxymethyl groups (-CH2-COOH) bound to some of the hydroxyl groups of the glucopyranose monomers that make up the cellulose backbone.
Carnauba (carnaúba), also called Brazil wax and palm wax, is a wax of the leaves of the palm Copernicia prunifera (Synonym: Copernicia cerifera), a plant native to and grown only in the northeastern Brazilian states of Piauí, Ceará, Maranhão, Bahia, and Rio Grande do Norte.
The term carotene (also carotin, from the Latin carota, "carrot") is used for many related unsaturated hydrocarbon substances having the formula C40Hx, which are synthesized by plants but in general cannot be made by animals (with the exception of some aphids and spider mites which acquired the synthesizing genes from fungi).
Carrageenans or carrageenins (from Irish, "little rock") are a family of linear sulfated polysaccharides that are extracted from red edible seaweeds.
Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Chlorine dioxide is a chemical compound with the formula ClO2.
Chlorophyll (also chlorophyl) is any of several related green pigments found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of algae and plants.
Chlorophyllin refers to any one of a group of closely related water-soluble salts that are semi-synthetic derivatives of chlorophyll, differing in the identity of the cations associated with the anion.
Choline is a water-soluble vitamin-like essential nutrient.
Chrysanthemin is an anthocyanin.
Chrysoine resorcinol is a synthetic azo dye which was formerly used as a food additive.
Citranaxanthin is a carotenoid pigment used as a food additive under the E number E161i as a food coloring.
Citric acid is a weak organic acid that has the chemical formula.
Citrus Red 2, Citrus Red No.
The cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) is a scale insect in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, from which the natural dye carmine is derived.
The Codex Alimentarius is a collection of internationally recognized standards, codes of practice, guidelines, and other recommendations relating to foods, food production, and food safety.
Codex Alimentarius Austriacus is a collection of standards and product descriptions for a variety of foods, established by the Austrian-Hungarian Empire in October 1891.
Copper(II) sulfate, also known as cupric sulfate, or copper sulphate, is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula CuSO4(H2O)x, where x can range from 0 to 5.
Crimson is a strong, red color, inclining to purple.
Cryptoxanthin is a natural carotenoid pigment.
Curcumin is a bright yellow chemical produced by some plants.
Cyclamic acid is a compound with formula C6H13NO3S.
Cyclodextrins (sometimes called cycloamyloses) are a family of compounds made up of sugar molecules bound together in a ring (cyclic oligosaccharides).
Cysteine (symbol Cys or C) is a semi-essential proteinogenic amino acid with the formula HO2CCH(NH2)CH2SH.
DATEM (diacetyl tartaric acid ester of mono- and diglycerides, also E472e) is an emulsifier primarily used in baking to create a strong gluten network in dough.
Dehydroacetic acid is an organic compound which has several industrial applications.
δ-Tocopherol is one of the chemical compounds that is considered vitamin E. As a food additive, it has E number E309.
Dextrins are a group of low-molecular-weight carbohydrates produced by the hydrolysis of starch or glycogen.
Dimethyl dicarbonate (DMDC) is an organic compound which is a colorless liquid with a pungent odor at high concentration at room temperature.
Dipotassium guanylate is a compound with formula K2(C10H12O4N5PO4).
Disodium guanylate, also known as sodium 5'-guanylate and disodium 5'-guanylate, is a natural sodium salt of the flavor enhancing nucleotide guanosine monophosphate (GMP).
Disodium inosinate (E631) is the disodium salt of inosinic acid with the chemical formula C10H11N4Na2O8P.
Disodium 5'-ribonucleotides, E number E635, is a flavor enhancer which is synergistic with glutamates in creating the taste of umami.
Docusate, also known as docusate salts or dioctyl sulfosuccinate, is a laxative of the stool softener type used to treat constipation.
Dodecyl gallate, or lauryl gallate, is the ester of dodecanol and gallic acid.
E numbers are codes for substances that are permitted to be used as food additives for use within the European Union and EFTA.
An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (unmixable or unblendable).
Erythorbic acid (isoascorbic acid, D-araboascorbic acid, (D-)erythroascorbic acid) is a stereoisomer of ascorbic acid (vitamin C).
Erythrosine, also known as Red No.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Ethyl maltol is an organic compound that is a common flavourant in some confectioneries.
Ethyl methyl cellulose is a thickener, vegetable gum, foaming agent and emulsifier.
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), also known by several other names, is a chemical originating in multiseasonal plants with dormancy stages as a lipidopreservative which helps to develop the stem, currently used for both industrial and medical purposes.
Ethylparaben (ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate) is the ethyl ester of ''p''-hydroxybenzoic acid.
Eucheuma (or guso) is a seaweed algae that may be brown, red, or green in color.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Fast Green FCF, also called Food green 3, FD&C Green No.
In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.
The United States Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (abbreviated as FFDCA, FDCA, or FD&C), is a set of laws passed by Congress in 1938 giving authority to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to oversee the safety of food, drugs, and cosmetics.
Flavin mononucleotide (FMN), or riboflavin-5′-phosphate, is a biomolecule produced from riboflavin (vitamin B2) by the enzyme riboflavin kinase and functions as prosthetic group of various oxidoreductases including NADH dehydrogenase as well as cofactor in biological blue-light photo receptors.
Flavoxanthin is a natural xanthophyll pigment with a golden-yellow color found in small quantities in a variety of plants.
Food additives are substances added to food to preserve flavor or enhance its taste, appearance, or other qualities.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
The Food Chemicals Codex (FCC) is a collection of internationally recognized standards for the purity and identity of food ingredients.
Food orange 7, the ethyl ester of beta-apo-8'-carotenic acid, is a carotenoid with an orange-red color.
Formic acid, systematically named methanoic acid, is the simplest carboxylic acid.
Fumaric acid or trans-butenedioic acid is the chemical compound with the formula HO2CCH.
γ-Tocopherol is one of the chemical compounds that is considered vitamin E. As a food additive, it has E number E308.
Gardenia is a genus of flowering plants in the coffee family, Rubiaceae, native to the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, Madagascar and Pacific Islands.
Gelatin or gelatine (from gelatus meaning "stiff", "frozen") is a translucent, colorless, brittle (when dry), flavorless food derived from collagen obtained from various animal body parts.
Gellan gum is a water-soluble anionic polysaccharide produced by the bacterium Sphingomonas elodea (formerly Pseudomonas elodea).
Glucono delta-lactone (GDL), also known as gluconolactone, is a food additive with the E number E575 used as a sequestrant, an acidifier, or a curing, pickling, or leavening agent.
The glucose oxidase enzyme (GOx) also known as notatin (EC number 188.8.131.52) is an oxido-reductase that catalyses the oxidation of glucose to hydrogen peroxide and D-glucono-δ-lactone.
Glutamic acid (symbol Glu or E) is an α-amino acid with formula.
Glycerol (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol compound.
Glycerol ester of wood rosin, also known as glyceryl abietate or ester gum, is an oil-soluble food additive (E number E445).
Glycerol monostearate, commonly known as GMS, is an monoglyceride commonly used as an emulsifier in foods.
Glycine (symbol Gly or G) is the amino acid that has a single hydrogen atom as its side chain.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
Green S is a green synthetic coal tar triarylmethane dye with the molecular formula C27H25N2O7S2Na.
Guanosine monophosphate (GMP), also known as 5'-guanidylic acid or guanylic acid (conjugate base guanylate), is a nucleotide that is used as a monomer in RNA.
Guar gum, also called guaran, is a galactomannan polysaccharide extracted from guar beans that has thickening and stabilizing properties useful in the food and hydraulic fracturing industries.
Gum arabic, also known as acacia gum, arabic gum, gum acacia, acacia, Senegal gum and Indian gum, and by other names, is a natural gum consisting of the hardened sap of various species of the acacia tree.
Gum guaicum, or guaiac resin, is a substance produced from the tree species Guaiacum officinale.
Gum karaya or gum sterculia, also known as Indian gum tragacanth, is a vegetable gum produced as an exudate by trees of the genus Sterculia.
Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.
Heptylparaben (heptyl p-hydroxybenzoate) is a compound with formula C7H15(C6H4OHCOO).
Hexamethylenetetramine or methenamine is a heterocyclic organic compound with the formula (CH2)6N4.
Hydrochloric acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula.
Hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) is a derivative of cellulose with both water solubility and organic solubility.
Hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate (HDP) is a modified resistant starch.
Hypromellose (INN), short for hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), is a semisynthetic, inert, viscoelastic polymer used as eye drops, as well as an excipient and controlled-delivery component in oral medicaments, found in a variety of commercial products.
Indanthrone blue, also called indanthrene, is an organic dye made from 2-aminoanthraquinone treated with potassium hydroxide in the presence of a potassium salt.
Indigo dye is an organic compound with a distinctive blue color (see indigo).
Inosinic acid or inosine monophosphate (IMP) is a nucleoside monophosphate.
Invertase is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis (breakdown) of sucrose (table sugar) into fructose and glucose.
Iron oxides are chemical compounds composed of iron and oxygen.
Iron(II) gluconate, or ferrous gluconate, is a black compound often used as an iron supplement.
Ferrous lactate, or iron(II) lactate, is a chemical compound consisting of one atom of iron (Fe2+) and two lactate anions.
Isobutane, also known as i-butane or methylpropane, is a chemical compound with molecular formula HC(CH3)3.
Isomalt is a sugar substitute, a type of sugar alcohol used primarily for its sugar-like physical properties.
Kaolinite is a clay mineral, part of the group of industrial minerals, with the chemical composition Al2Si2O5(OH)4.
Konjac (or konjak) is a common name of the Asian plant Amorphophallus konjac (syn. A. rivieri), which has an edible corm (bulbo-tuber).
Lactic acid is an organic compound with the formula CH3CH(OH)COOH.
Lactitol is a sugar alcohol used as a replacement bulk sweetener for low calorie foods with approximately 40% of the sweetness of sugar.
Lactobionic acid (4-O-β-galactopyranosyl-D-gluconic acid) is a sugar acid.
Lecithin (from the Greek lekithos, "egg yolk") is a generic term to designate any group of yellow-brownish fatty substances occurring in animal and plant tissues, which are amphiphilic – they attract both water and fatty substances (and so are both hydrophilic and lipophilic), and are used for smoothing food textures, dissolving powders (emulsifying), homogenizing liquid mixtures, and repelling sticking materials.
Leucine (symbol Leu or L) is an essential amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
A lipase is any enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of fats (lipids).
;Acids: Food acids are added to make flavors "sharper", and also act as preservatives and antioxidants.
Lithol Rubine BK is a reddish synthetic azo dye.
Locust bean gum (LBG, also known as carob gum, carob bean gum, carobin, E410) is a thickening agent and a gelling agent used in food technology.
Lutein (Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. from Latin luteus meaning "yellow") is a xanthophyll and one of 600 known naturally occurring carotenoids.
Lycopene (from the neo-Latin Lycopersicum, the tomato species) is a bright red carotene and carotenoid pigment and phytochemical found in tomatoes and other red fruits and vegetables, such as red carrots, watermelons, gac, and papayas, but it is not in strawberries or cherries.
Lysozyme, also known as muramidase or N-acetylmuramide glycanhydrolase is an antimicrobial enzyme produced by animals that forms part of the innate immune system.
Magnesium carbonate, MgCO3 (archaic name magnesia alba), is an inorganic salt that is a white solid.
Magnesium chloride is the name for the chemical compound with the formula MgCl2 and its various hydrates MgCl2(H2O)x.
Magnesium citrate is a magnesium preparation in salt form with citric acid in a 1:1 ratio (1 magnesium atom per citrate molecule).
Magnesium diglutamate is a compound with formula Mg(C5H8NO4)2.
Magnesium hydroxide is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula Mg(OH)2.
Magnesium lactate, the magnesium salt of lactic acid, is a mineral supplement.
Magnesium oxide (MgO), or magnesia, is a white hygroscopic solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase and is a source of magnesium (see also oxide).
Magnesium phosphate is a general term for salts of magnesium and phosphate appearing in several forms.
Magnesium stearate is the chemical compound with the formula.
Magnesium sulfate is an inorganic salt with the formula MgSO4(H2O)x where 0≤x≤7.
Malic acid is an organic compound with the molecular formula C4H6O5.
Maltitol is a sugar alcohol (a polyol) used as a sugar substitute.
Maltol is a naturally occurring organic compound that is used primarily as a flavor enhancer.
Mannitol is a type of sugar alcohol which is also used as a medication.
Metatartaric acid a polymeric lactone of variable composition obtained by heating tartaric acid.
Methyl cellulose (or methylcellulose) is a chemical compound derived from cellulose.
Methylparaben, also methyl paraben, one of the parabens, is a preservative with the chemical formula CH3(C6H4(OH)COO).
Microcline (KAlSi3O8) is an important igneous rock-forming tectosilicate mineral.
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.
The mix of ammonium salts of phosphorylated glycerides can be either made synthetically or from mixture of glycerol and partially hardened plant (most often used: rapeseed oil) oils.
Modified starch, also called starch derivatives, are prepared by physically, enzymatically, or chemically treating native starch to change its properties.
Monoammonium glutamate is a compound with formula NH4C5H8NO4.
Monopotassium glutamate (MPG) is a compound with formula KC5H8NO4.
Monosodium glutamate (MSG, also known as sodium glutamate) is the sodium salt of glutamic acid, one of the most abundant naturally occurring non-essential amino acids.
Natamycin, also known as pimaricin, is an antifungal medication used to treat fungal infections around the eye.
Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone, sometimes abbreviated to neohesperidin DC or simply NHDC, is an artificial sweetener derived from citrus.
Niacin, also known as nicotinic acid, is an organic compound and a form of vitamin B3, an essential human nutrient.
Nicotinamide (NAA), also known as niacinamide, is a form of vitamin B3 found in food and used as a dietary supplement and medication.
Nisin is a polycyclic antibacterial peptide produced by the bacterium Lactococcus lactis that is used as a food preservative.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
Nitrous oxide, commonly known as laughing gas or nitrous, is a chemical compound, an oxide of nitrogen with the formula.
Octyl gallate is the ester of 1-octanol and gallic acid.
Orange GGN, also known as alpha-naphthol orange, is an azo dye formerly used as a food dye.
Orcein, also archil, orchil, lacmus and C.I. Natural Red 28, are names for dyes extracted from several species of lichen, commonly known as "orchella weeds", found in various parts of the world.
Paprika oleoresin (also known as paprika extract and oleoresin paprika) is an oil-soluble extract from the fruits of Capsicum annuum or Capsicum frutescens, and is primarily used as a colouring and/or flavouring in food products.
Paraffin wax is a white or colourless soft solid, derived from petroleum, coal or oil shale, that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty carbon atoms.
Patent Blue V, also called Food Blue 5, Sulphan Blue, Acid Blue 3, L-Blau 3, C-Blau 20, Patentblau V, Sky Blue, or C.I. 42051 and is a dark bluish synthetic triphenylmethane dye used as a food coloring.
Pectin (from πηκτικός, "congealed, curdled") is a structural heteropolysaccharide contained in the primary cell walls of terrestrial plants.
Phosphated distarch phosphate, is a modified resistant starch.
Phosphoric acid (also known as orthophosphoric acid or phosphoric(V) acid) is a mineral (inorganic) and weak acid having the chemical formula H3PO4.
Phytic acid (known as inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6), inositol polyphosphate, or phytate when in salt form), discovered in 1903, a saturated cyclic acid, is the principal storage form of phosphorus in many plant tissues, especially bran and seeds.
Polydextrose is a synthetic polymer of glucose.
Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) belongs to a group of polymeric organosilicon compounds that are commonly referred to as silicones.
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a polyether compound with many applications from industrial manufacturing to medicine.
Polyglycerol polyricinoleate (PGPR), E476, is an emulsifier made from glycerol and fatty acids (usually from castor bean, but also from soybean oil).
Polyphosphates are salts or esters of polymeric oxyanions formed from tetrahedral PO4 (phosphate) structural units linked together by sharing oxygen atoms.
Polysorbates are a class of emulsifiers used in some pharmaceuticals and food preparation.
Polysorbate 20 (common commercial brand names include Scattics, Alkest TW 20 and Tween 20) is a polysorbate-type nonionic surfactant formed by the ethoxylation of sorbitan before the addition of lauric acid.
Polysorbate 80 is a nonionic surfactant and emulsifier often used in foods and cosmetics.
Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone (polyvinyl polypyrrolidone, PVPP, crospovidone, crospolividone or E1202) is a highly cross-linked modification of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP).
Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), also commonly called polyvidone or povidone, is a water-soluble polymer made from the monomer ''N''-vinylpyrrolidone.
Ponceau 4R (known by more than 100 synonyms,Abbey J, et at. Colorants. pp 459-465 in Encyclopedia of Food Safety, Vol 2: Hazards and Diseases. Eds, Motarjemi Y et al. Academic Press, 2013. including as C.I. 16255,FDA. 9 November 2008. p37 Cochineal Red A, C.I. Acid Red 18, Brilliant Scarlet 3R, Brilliant Scarlet 4R, New Coccine, is a synthetic colourant that may be used as a food colouring. It is denoted by E Number E124. Its chemical name is 1-(4-sulpho-1-napthylazo)- 2-napthol- 6,8-disulphonic acid, trisodium salt. Ponceau (17th century French for "poppy-coloured") is the generic name for a family of azo dyes. Ponceau 4R is a strawberry red azo dye which can be used in a variety of food products, and is usually synthesized from aromatic hydrocarbons; it is stable to light, heat, and acid but fades in the presence of ascorbic acid. It is used in Europe, Asia and Australia, but has not been approved by the US FDA.
Ponceau 6R, or Crystal ponceau 6R, Crystal scarlet, Brilliant crystal scarlet 6R, Acid Red 44, or C.I. 16250, is a red azo dye.
Potassium acetate (KCH3COO) is the potassium salt of acetic acid.
Potassium adipate is a compound with formula K2C6H8O4.
Potassium alum, potash alum, or potassium aluminium sulfate is a chemical compound: the double sulfate of potassium and aluminium, with chemical formula KAl(SO4)2.
Potassium benzoate (E212), the potassium salt of benzoic acid, is a food preservative that inhibits the growth of mold, yeast and some bacteria.
Potassium bicarbonate (also known as potassium hydrogen carbonate or potassium acid carbonate) is a colorless, odorless, slightly basic, salty substance.
Potassium hydrogen sulfite or potassium bisulfite is a chemical compound with the chemical formula KHSO3.
Potassium bromate (KBrO3), is a bromate of potassium and takes the form of white crystals or powder.
Potassium carbonate (K2CO3) is a white salt, which is soluble in water (insoluble in ethanol) and forms a strongly alkaline solution.
Potassium chloride (KCl) is a metal halide salt composed of potassium and chlorine.
Potassium citrate (also known as tripotassium citrate) is a potassium salt of citric acid with the molecular formula K3C6H5O7.
Potassium ferrocyanide is the inorganic compound with formula K4·3H2O.
Potassium fumarate is a compound with formula K2C4H2O4.
Potassium gluconate is the potassium salt of the conjugate base of gluconic acid.
Potassium hydroxide is an inorganic compound with the formula KOH, and is commonly called caustic potash.
Potassium lactate is a compound with formula KC3H5O3, or H3C-CHOH-COOK.
Potassium malate is a compound with formula K2(C2H4O(COO)2).
Potassium metabisulfite, K2S2O5, also known as potassium pyrosulfite, is a white crystalline powder with a pungent sulfur odour.
Potassium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula KNO3.
Potassium nitrite (distinct from potassium nitrate) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula 2.
Potassium phosphate is a generic term for the salts of potassium and phosphate ions including.
Potassium propanoate or potassium propionate has formula K(C2H5COO).
Potassium sodium tartrate tetrahydrate, also known as Rochelle salt, is a double salt of tartaric acid first prepared (in about 1675) by an apothecary, Pierre Seignette, of La Rochelle, France.
Potassium sorbate is the potassium salt of sorbic acid, chemical formula CH3CH.
Potassium sulfate (K2SO4) (in British English potassium sulphate, also called sulphate of potash, arcanite, or archaically known as potash of sulfur) is a non-flammable white crystalline salt which is soluble in water.
Potassium sulfite (K2SO3) is a chemical compound which is the salt of potassium cation and sulfite anion.
Potassium tartrate, dipotassium tartrate or argol has formula K2C4H4O6.
A preservative is a substance or a chemical that is added to products such as food, beverages, pharmaceutical drugs, paints, biological samples, cosmetics, wood, and many other products to prevent decomposition by microbial growth or by undesirable chemical changes.
Propionic acid (from the Greek words protos, meaning "first", and pion, meaning "fat"; also known as propanoic acid) is a naturally occurring carboxylic acid with chemical formula C2H5COOH.
Propyl gallate, or propyl 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoate is an ester formed by the condensation of gallic acid and propanol.
Propylene glycol (IUPAC name: propane-1,2-diol) is a synthetic organic compound with the chemical formula C3H8O2.
Propylene glycol alginate (PGA) is an emulsifier, stabilizer, and thickener used in food products.
Propylparaben, the n-propyl ester of ''p''-hydroxybenzoic acid, occurs as a natural substance found in many plants and some insects, although it is manufactured synthetically for use in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and foods.
In chemistry, a pyrophosphate is a phosphorus oxyanion.
Quillaia is the milled inner bark or small stems and branches of the soapbark (''Quillaja saponaria'', Molina).
Quinoline Yellow WS is a mixture of organic compounds derived from the dye Quinoline Yellow SS (Spirit Soluble).
Red 2G is a synthetic red azo dye.
Rhodoxanthin is a xanthophyll pigment with a purple color that is found in small quantities in a variety of plants including Taxus baccata.
Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.
Rubixanthin, or natural yellow 27, is a natural xanthophyll pigment with a red-orange color found in rose hips.
Sodium saccharin (benzoic sulfimide) is an artificial sweetener with effectively no food energy that is about 300–400 times as sweet as sucrose but has a bitter or metallic aftertaste, especially at high concentrations.
Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
Sandalwood is a class of woods from trees in the genus Santalum.
Scarlet GN, or C.I. Food Red 1, Ponceau SX, FD&C Red No.
Shellac is a resin secreted by the female lac bug, on trees in the forests of India and Thailand.
Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.
Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.
Sodium acetate, CH3COONa, also abbreviated NaOAc, is the sodium salt of acetic acid.
Sodium adipate is a compound with formula Na2C6H8O4.
Sodium aluminium phosphate (SAlP) describes the inorganic compounds consisting of sodium salts of aluminium phosphates.
Sodium aluminium sulfate is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula NaAl(SO4)2·12H2O (sometimes written Na2SO4·Al2(SO4)3·24H2O).
Sodium aluminosilicate refers to compounds which contain sodium, aluminium, silicon and oxygen, and which may also contain water.
Sodium benzoate is a substance which has the chemical formula NaC7H5O2.
Sodium bicarbonate (IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen carbonate), commonly known as baking soda, is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3.
Sodium bisulfite (or sodium bisulphite) (sodium hydrogen sulfite) is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NaHSO3.
Sodium carbonate, Na2CO3, (also known as washing soda, soda ash and soda crystals, and in the monohydrate form as crystal carbonate) is the water-soluble sodium salt of carbonic acid.
Sodium citrate may refer to any of the sodium salts of citrate (though most commonly the third).
Sodium cyclamate (sweetener code 952) is an artificial sweetener.
Sodium dehydroacetate is a compound with the formula Na(CH3C5HO(O2)(CH3)CO).
Sodium diacetate is a compound with formula.
Sodium erythorbate (C6H7NaO6) is a food additive used predominantly in meats, poultry, and soft drinks.
Sodium ferrocyanide is the sodium salt of the coordination compound of formula 4−.
Sodium formate, HCOONa, is the sodium salt of formic acid, HCOOH.
Sodium fumarate, also called disodium fumarate, is a compound with the molecular formula Na2C4H2O4.
Sodium gluconate is a compound with formula NaC6H11O7.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.
Sodium lactate is the sodium salt of lactic acid, and has a mild saline taste.
Sodium malate is a compound with formula Na2(C2H4O(COO)2).
Sodium metabisulfite or sodium pyrosulfite (IUPAC spelling; Br. E. sodium metabisulphite or sodium pyrosulphite) is an inorganic compound of chemical formula Na2S2O5.
Sodium methylparaben (sodium methyl para-hydroxybenzoate) is a compound with formula Na(CH3(C6H4COO)O).
Sodium nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula NaNO3.
Sodium nitrite is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula NaNO2.
Sodium orthophenyl phenol is a compound used as a disinfectant.
Sodium propanoate or sodium propionate is the sodium salt of propionic acid which has the chemical formula Na(C2H5COO).
Sodium sorbate is the sodium salt of sorbic acid.
Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate (sodium stearoyl lactylate or SSL) is a versatile, FDA approved food additive used to improve the mix tolerance and volume of processed foods.
Sodium sulfate, also known as sulfate of soda, is the inorganic compound with formula Na2SO4 as well as several related hydrates.
Sodium sulfite (sodium sulphite) is a soluble sodium salt of sulfurous acid (sulfite) with the chemical formula Na2SO3.
Sodium tartrate (Na2C4H4O6) is used as an emulsifier and a binding agent in food products such as jellies, margarine, and sausage casings.
Sorbic acid, or 2,4-hexadienoic acid, is a natural organic compound used as a food preservative.
Sorbitan monolaurate is a mixture of esters formed from the fatty acid lauric acid and polyols derived from sorbitol, including sorbitan and isosorbide.
Sorbitan monostearate is an ester of sorbitan (a sorbitol derivative) and stearic acid and is sometimes referred to as a synthetic wax.
Sorbitan tristearate is a nonionic surfactant.
Sorbitol, less commonly known as glucitol, is a sugar alcohol with a sweet taste which the human body metabolizes slowly.
Stearic acid is a saturated fatty acid with an 18-carbon chain and has the IUPAC name octadecanoic acid.
Succinic acid is a dicarboxylic acid with the chemical formula (CH2)2(CO2H)2.
Sucralose is an artificial sweetener and sugar substitute.
Sucrose acetoisobutyrate (SAIB) is an emulsifier and has E number E444.
Sulfites or sulphites are compounds that contain the sulfite ion (or the sulfate(IV) ion, from its correct systematic name),.
Sulfur dioxide (also sulphur dioxide in British English) is the chemical compound with the formula.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
Sunset Yellow FCF (also known as Orange Yellow S, or C.I. 15985) is a petroleum-derived orange azo dye with a pH dependent maximum absorption at about 480 nm at pH 1 and 443 nm at pH 13 with a shoulder at 500 nm.
Tagetes erecta, the Mexican marigold or Aztec marigold, is a species of the genus Tagetes native to Mexico.
Talc or talcum is a clay mineral composed of hydrated magnesium silicate with the chemical formula H2Mg3(SiO3)4 or Mg3Si4O10(OH)2.
Tannins (or tannoids) are a class of astringent, polyphenolic biomolecules that bind to and precipitate proteins and various other organic compounds including amino acids and alkaloids.
Tara spinosa, commonly known as tara (Quechua), is a small leguminous tree or thorny shrub native to Peru.
Tartaric acid is a white crystalline organic acid that occurs naturally in many fruits, most notably in grapes, but also in bananas, tamarinds and citrus.
Tartrazine is a synthetic lemon yellow azo dye primarily used as a food coloring.
tert-Butylhydroquinone (TBHQ, tertiary butylhydroquinone) is a synthetic aromatic organic compound which is a type of phenol.
Thaumatin is a low-calorie sweetener and flavour modifier.
Tiabendazole (INN, BAN), thiabendazole (AAN, USAN), TBZ (and the trade names Mintezol, Tresaderm, and Arbotect) is a fungicide and parasiticide.
Tin(II) chloride, also known as stannous chloride, is a white crystalline solid with the formula 2.
Titanium dioxide, also known as titanium(IV) oxide or titania, is the naturally occurring oxide of titanium, chemical formula.
Tocopherols (TCP) are a class of organic chemical compounds (more precisely, various methylated phenols), many of which have vitamin E activity.
Tragacanth is a natural gum obtained from the dried sap of several species of Middle Eastern legumes of the genus Astragalus, including A. adscendens, A. gummifer, A. brachycalyx, and A. tragacantha.
The triglyceride 1,2,3-triacetoxypropane is more generally known as triacetin and glycerin triacetate.
Triethyl citrate is an ester of citric acid.
Trisodium phosphate (TSP) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula Na3PO4.
Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial flowering plant of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with chemical formula CO(NH2)2.
Violaxanthin is a natural xanthophyll pigment with an orange color found in a variety of plants including pansies.
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
Xanthan gum is a polysaccharide with many industrial uses, including as a common food additive.
Xylitol is a sugar alcohol used as a sweetener.
Yellow 2G is a food coloring denoted by E number E107.
Zeaxanthin is one of the most common carotenoid alcohols found in nature.
Zinc acetate is a salt with the formula Zn(O2CCH3)2, which commonly occurs as the dihydrate Zn(O2CCH3)2(H2O)2.
2-Phenylphenol, or o-phenylphenol, is an organic compound that consists of two linked benzene rings and a phenolic hydroxyl group.