42 relations: Accountability, Arms embargo, Autarky, Blockade, Commonwealth of Nations, Continental System, Country, Democratic peace theory, Diplomatic mission, Economic sanctions, Enforcement, Food, Gleneagles Agreement, India, International law, International Progress Organization, Iraq, Japan, Medicine, Myanmar, Nuclear weapons testing, Psychological warfare, Regional organization, Right of self-defense, Right to development, Sanctions against Iraq, Sanctions against Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro, South Africa, Tariff, Trade, United Nations Charter, United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, United Nations Security Council, United Nations Security Council Resolution 757, United States, United States embargo against Cuba, Weapon, Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act of 2001, 1961 in South Africa, 1980 British Lions tour to South Africa, 1981 South Africa rugby union tour of New Zealand and the United States.
In ethics and governance, accountability is answerability, blameworthiness, liability, and the expectation of account-giving.
An arms embargo is an embargo that applies solely to weaponry, and may also apply to "dual-use technology".
Autarky is the quality of being self-sufficient.
A blockade is an effort to cut off supplies, war material or communications from a particular area by force, either in part or totally.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
The Continental System or Continental Blockade (known in French as Blocus continental) was the foreign policy of Napoleon I of France against the United Kingdom during the Napoleonic Wars.
A country is a region that is identified as a distinct national entity in political geography.
Democratic peace theory is a theory which posits that democracies are hesitant to engage in armed conflict with other identified democracies.
A diplomatic mission or foreign mission is a group of people from one state or an organisation present in another state to represent the sending state/organisation officially in the receiving state.
Economic sanctions are commercial and financial penalties applied by one or more countries against a targeted country, group, or individual.
Enforcement is the process of ensuring compliance with laws, regulations, rules, standards, or social norms.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism.
In the Gleneagles Agreement, in 1977, Commonwealth Presidents and Prime Ministers agreed, as part of their support for the international campaign against apartheid, to discourage contact and competition between their sportsmen and sporting organisations, teams or individuals from South Africa.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
International law is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and between nations.
The International Progress Organization (IPO) is a Vienna-based think tank dealing with world affairs.
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
Nuclear weapons tests are experiments carried out to determine the effectiveness, yield, and explosive capability of nuclear weapons.
Psychological warfare (PSYWAR), or the basic aspects of modern psychological operations (PSYOP), have been known by many other names or terms, including MISO, Psy Ops, political warfare, "Hearts and Minds", and propaganda.
Regional organizations (ROs) are, in a sense, international organizations (IOs), as they incorporate international membership and encompass geopolitical entities that operationally transcend a single nation state.
The right of self-defense (also called, when it applies to the defense of another, alter ego defense, defense of others, defense of a third person) is the right for people to use reasonable force or defensive force, for the purpose of defending one's own life or the lives of others, including, in certain circumstances, the use of deadly force.
The right to development was first recognized in 1981 in Article 22 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights as a definitive individual and collective right.
The sanctions against Iraq were a near-total financial and trade embargo imposed by the United Nations Security Council on Ba'athist Iraq.
During the Yugoslav Wars of the 1990s and early 2000s, several rounds of international sanctions were imposed against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which from 1992 consisted only of the Yugoslav republics of Serbia and Montenegro.
Serbia and Montenegro (Srbija i Crna Gora, Србија и Црна Гора; SCG, СЦГ), officially the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro (Državna Zajednica Srbija i Crna Gora, Државна Заједница Србија и Црна Гора), was a country in Southeast Europe, created from the two remaining federal republics of Yugoslavia after its breakup in 1992.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
A tariff is a tax on imports or exports between sovereign states.
Trade involves the transfer of goods or services from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money.
The Charter of the United Nations (also known as the UN Charter) of 1945 is the foundational treaty of the United Nations, an intergovernmental organization.
The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment was held in Stockholm, Sweden from June 5–16 in 1972.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
United Nations Security Council resolution 757 was adopted on 30 May 1992.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States embargo against Cuba (in Cuba called el bloqueo, "the blockade") is a commercial, economic, and financial embargo imposed by the United States on Cuba.
A weapon, arm or armament is any device used with intent to inflict damage or harm.
The Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act (S. 494) is an act passed by the United States Congress which imposed economic sanctions on Zimbabwe, allegedly to provide for a transition to democracy and to promote economic recovery.
The following lists events that happened during 1961 in South Africa.
In 1980 the British Lions rugby union team toured South Africa (including one game in Windhoek, South West Africa, the future Namibia).
The 1981 South African rugby tour (known in New Zealand as the Springbok Tour, and in South Africa as the Rebel Tour) polarised opinions and inspired widespread protests across New Zealand.