105 relations: Abbreviation, Acronym, Alphabet to E-mail, Anglicism, Asynchronous communication, BBC, BostInno, Cant (language), Censorship, Chat room, China, Chinese Internet slang, Classic Mac OS, Communication, Computer, Computer hardware, Computer keyboard, Computer-mediated communication, Digital literacy, Editor-in-chief, Email, Emoticon, English language, English-language spelling reform, Ethnography, Etiquette in technology, Event (computing), Flaming (Internet), France, Gawker, George W. Bush, I Can Has Cheezburger?, Ingroups and outgroups, Instant messaging, Interjection, Internet, Internet culture, Internet linguistics, Internet meme, Internet Relay Chat, Internet slang, Internet troll, Japan, Jargon, Jargon File, Languages used on the Internet, Leet, Lexicalization, Lingua franca, Linguistic description, ..., Linguistic prescription, List of acronyms, List of Internet phenomena in China, List of social networking websites, Logogram, LOL, Lolcat, MacOS, Mailing list, Merriam-Webster, Microsoft Windows, Moe (slang), Networking hardware, New York Observer, Online and offline, Online community, Online game, Onomatopoeia, Orthography, Oxford Dictionary of English, Padonkaffsky jargon, Portugal, Poynter Institute, River crab (Internet slang), Runet, Russian language, Scribal abbreviation, Shorthand, Slang, SMS, SMS language, Social group, Social networking service, Software, Style guide, Synchronization, Syntax, Telephone, Text messaging, The Atlantic, The Guardian, The New Republic, TheWrap, Tironian notes, TL;DR, Transliteration, Typographic ligature, United States, University of Tasmania, Urban Dictionary, Usenet, Video game, Virtual world, West Virginia University, World Wide Web. Expand index (55 more) » « Shrink index
An abbreviation (from Latin brevis, meaning short) is a shortened form of a word or phrase.
An acronym is a word or name formed as an abbreviation from the initial components in a phrase or a word, usually individual letters (as in NATO or laser) and sometimes syllables (as in Benelux).
Alphabet to E-mail: How Written English Evolved and Where It's Heading is a book by linguist Dr.
An Anglicism is a word or construction borrowed from English into another language.
In telecommunications, asynchronous communication is transmission of data, generally without the use of an external clock signal, where data can be transmitted intermittently rather than in a steady stream.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BostInno is a local online news site and community publishing platform covering “the view from inside” innovation in Boston.
A cant (or cryptolect, or secret language) is the jargon or argot of a group, often employed to exclude or mislead people outside the group.
Censorship is the suppression of speech, public communication, or other information, on the basis that such material is considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, or "inconvenient" as determined by government authorities.
The term chat room, or chatroom, is primarily used to describe any form of synchronous conferencing, occasionally even asynchronous conferencing.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The categories given below to distinguish the different kinds of Chinese internet slang are not exclusive.
Classic Mac OS is a colloquial term used to describe a series of operating systems developed for the Macintosh family of personal computers by Apple Inc. from 1984 until 2001.
Communication (from Latin commūnicāre, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying intended meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs and semiotic rules.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
Computer hardware includes the physical parts or components of a computer, such as the central processing unit, monitor, keyboard, computer data storage, graphic card, sound card and motherboard.
In computing, a computer keyboard is a typewriter-style device which uses an arrangement of buttons or keys to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches.
Computer-mediated communication (CMC) is defined as any human communication that occurs through the use of two or more electronic devices.
Digital literacy refers to an individual's ability to find, evaluate, produce and communicate clear information through writing and other forms of communication on various digital platforms.
An editor-in-chief, also known as lead editor, chief editor, managing or executive editor, is a publication's editorial leader who has final responsibility for its operations and policies.
Electronic mail (email or e-mail) is a method of exchanging messages ("mail") between people using electronic devices.
An emoticon (rarely pronounced) is a pictorial representation of a facial expression using characters—usually punctuation marks, numbers, and letters—to express a person's feelings or mood, or as a time-saving method.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
For centuries, there has been a movement to reform the spelling of English.
Ethnography (from Greek ἔθνος ethnos "folk, people, nation" and γράφω grapho "I write") is the systematic study of people and cultures.
Online etiquette is ingrained into culture, although etiquette in technology is a fairly recent concept.
In computing, an event is an action or occurrence recognized by software, often originating asynchronously from the external environment, that may be handled by the software.
Flaming is a hostile and insulting interaction between persons over the Internet, often involving the use of profanity.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Gawker was an American blog founded by Nick Denton and Elizabeth Spiers and based in New York City focusing on celebrities and the media industry.
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
I Can Has Cheezburger? (abbreviated as ICHC) is a blog-format website featuring videos (usually involving animals) and image macros.
In sociology and social psychology, an ingroup is a social group to which a person psychologically identifies as being a member.
Instant messaging (IM) technology is a type of online chat that offers real-time text transmission over the Internet.
In linguistics, an interjection is a word or expression that occurs as an utterance on its own and expresses a spontaneous feeling or reaction.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
Internet culture, or cyberculture, is the culture that has emerged, or is emerging, from the use of computer networks for communication, entertainment, and business.
Internet linguistics is a domain of linguistics advocated by the English linguist David Crystal.
An Internet meme is an activity, concept, catchphrase, or piece of media that spreads, often as mimicry or for humorous purposes, from person to person via the Internet.
Internet Relay Chat (IRC) is an application layer protocol that facilitates communication in the form of text.
Internet slang (Internet shorthand, cyber-slang, netspeak, or chatspeak) refers to various kinds of slang used by different people on the Internet.
In Internet slang, a troll is a person who starts quarrels or upsets people on the Internet to distract and sow discord by posting inflammatory and digressive, extraneous, or off-topic messages in an online community (such as a newsgroup, forum, chat room, or blog) with the intent of provoking readers into displaying emotional responses and normalizing tangential discussion, whether for the troll's amusement or a specific gain.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Jargon is a type of language that is used in a particular context and may not be well understood outside that context.
The Jargon File is a glossary and usage dictionary of slang used by computer programmers.
About half of the homepages of the most visited sites on the Internet are in English, with varying amounts of information available in many other languages.
Leet (or "1337"), also known as eleet or leetspeak, is a system of modified spellings and verbiage used primarily on the Internet for many phonetic languages.
Lexicalization is the process of adding words, set phrases, or word patterns to a language – that is, of adding items to a language's lexicon.
A lingua franca, also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vernacular language, or link language is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when it is a third language that is distinct from both native languages.
In the study of language, description or descriptive linguistics is the work of objectively analyzing and describing how language is actually used (or how it was used in the past) by a group of people in a speech community.
Linguistic prescription, or prescriptive grammar, is the attempt to lay down rules defining correct use of language.
This is a list of phenomena specific to the Internet within China.
This is a list of major active social networking websites and excludes dating websites (see Comparison of online dating websites).
In written language, a logogram or logograph is a written character that represents a word or phrase.
LOL, or lol, is an acronym for laugh(ing) out loud or lots of laughs, and a popular element of Internet slang.
A lolcat (pronounced) is an image macro of one or more cats.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
A mailing list is a collection of names and addresses used by an individual or an organization to send material to multiple recipients.
Merriam–Webster, Incorporated is an American company that publishes reference books which is especially known for its dictionaries.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
is a Japanese slang loanword that refers to feelings of strong affection mainly towards characters (usually female) in anime, manga, video games, and other media directed at the otaku market.
Networking hardware, also known as network equipment or computer networking devices, are physical devices which are required for communication and interaction between devices on a computer network.
Observer is an online newspaper originating in New York City.
In computer technology and telecommunications, online indicates a state of connectivity, and offline indicates a disconnected state.
An online community, also called an internet community, is a virtual community whose members interact with each other primarily via the Internet.
An online game is a video game that is either partially or primarily played through the Internet or any other computer network available.
An onomatopoeia (from the Greek ὀνοματοποιία; ὄνομα for "name" and ποιέω for "I make", adjectival form: "onomatopoeic" or "onomatopoetic") is a word that phonetically imitates, resembles or suggests the sound that it describes.
An orthography is a set of conventions for writing a language.
The Oxford Dictionary of English (ODE) is a single-volume English dictionary published by Oxford University Press, first published in 1998 as The New Oxford Dictionary of English (NODE).
Padonkaffsky jargon (язык падонкафф, yazyk padonkaff) or Olbanian (олбанский, olbanskiy) is a cant language developed by a subculture of Runet called padonki (падонки).
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
The Poynter Institute for Media Studies is a non-profit school for journalism located in St. Petersburg, Florida.
River crab and harmonious/harmonize/harmonization are Internet slang terms created by Chinese netizens in reference to Internet censorship or the other censorship of China.
Runet (Рунет), a portmanteau of ru (both code for the Russian language and Russia's top-level domain) and net/network, is the Russian-language community on the Internet and websites.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
Scribal abbreviations or sigla (singular: siglum or sigil) are the abbreviations used by ancient and medieval scribes writing in Latin, and later in Greek and Old Norse.
Shorthand is an abbreviated symbolic writing method that increases speed and brevity of writing as compared to longhand, a more common method of writing a language.
Slang is language (words, phrases, and usages) of an informal register that members of special groups like teenagers, musicians, or criminals favor (over a standard language) in order to establish group identity, exclude outsiders, or both.
SMS (short message service) is a text messaging service component of most telephone, internet, and mobile-device systems.
SMS language, textese or texting language is the abbreviated language and slang commonly used with mobile phone text messaging, or other Internet-based communication such as email and instant messaging.
In the social sciences, a social group has been defined as two or more people who interact with one another, share similar characteristics, and collectively have a sense of unity.
A social networking service (also social networking site, SNS or social media) is a web application that people use to build social networks or social relations with other people who share similar personal or career interests, activities, backgrounds or real-life connections.
Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.
A style guide (or manual of style) is a set of standards for the writing and design of documents, either for general use or for a specific publication, organization, or field.
Synchronization is the coordination of events to operate a system in unison.
In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.
A telephone, or phone, is a telecommunications device that permits two or more users to conduct a conversation when they are too far apart to be heard directly.
Text messaging, or texting, is the act of composing and sending electronic messages, typically consisting of alphabetic and numeric characters, between two or more users of mobile phones, tablets, desktops/laptops, or other devices.
The Atlantic is an American magazine and multi-platform publisher, founded in 1857 as The Atlantic Monthly in Boston, Massachusetts.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The New Republic is a liberal American magazine of commentary on politics and the arts, published since 1914, with influence on American political and cultural thinking.
TheWrap is an entertainment and media news website founded by Sharon Waxman in 2009.
Tironian notes (notae Tironianae; or Tironian shorthand) is a system of shorthand invented by Tiro (94 4 BC), Marcus Tullius Cicero's slave and personal secretary, and later his freedman.
TL;DR, short for "too long; didn't read", is Internet slang to say that some text being replied to has been ignored because of its length.
Transliteration is a type of conversion of a text from one script to another that involves swapping letters (thus trans- + liter-) in predictable ways (such as α → a, д → d, χ → ch, ն → n or æ → e).
In writing and typography, a ligature occurs where two or more graphemes or letters are joined as a single glyph.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The University of Tasmania (UTAS) is a public research university primarily located in Tasmania, Australia.
Urban Dictionary is a crowdsourced online dictionary for slang words and phrases, operating under the motto "Define Your World." The website was founded in 1999 by Aaron Peckham.
Usenet is a worldwide distributed discussion system available on computers.
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
A virtual world is a computer-based simulated environment which may be populated by many users who can create a personal avatar, and simultaneously and independently explore the virtual world, participate in its activities and communicate with others.
West Virginia University (WVU) is a public, land-grant, space-grant, research-intensive university in Morgantown, West Virginia, United States.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
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