135 relations: 'Phags-pa script, Adduct, Affix, Alexandria, Alt key, AltGr key, Ancient Greek, Andrew West (linguist), Avestan alphabet, Bernhard Karlgren, Bertran de Born, British English, Bullet (typography), Calculator, Can't Buy Me Love, Capitalization, Caret, Catalan language, Chemistry, Chinese characters, Chinese language, Classical Latin, Colon (punctuation), Comma, Compose key, Computer, Computing, Control key, Copper(II) sulfate, Cross product, Currency, Dagesh, Dash, Decimal separator, Decimalisation, Dependent and independent verb forms, Desktop publishing, Diacritic, Dollar sign, Dot product, Elision, Elizabeth II, English language, Epigraphy, Equilateral triangle, Euclidean vector, Exterior algebra, Franco-Provençal language, Full stop, Gascon language, ..., Ge'ez, Gemination, Genghis Khan, George W. Bush, Glottal stop, Grammar, Graphic design, Greek language, Halfwidth and fullwidth forms, Hangul consonant and vowel tables, Hard space, Hellenic Organization for Standardization, Hiragana, Hyphen, International System of Units, Japan, Japanese language, Kanji, Katakana, Keyboard layout, L, Late antiquity, LaTeX, Latin, Latin alphabet, Linear A, Linear B, Linux, Logic, Logical conjunction, MacOS, Mappiq, Mathematics, Mayflower Compact, Microsoft Windows, Ming (typefaces), Muhammad, Multiplication, Multiplication sign, Newton metre, Non-breaking space, Numeric keypad, Object (grammar), Occitan language, O͘, Old Irish, Old Occitan, Operating system, Option key, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Pinyin, Punctuation, QWERTY, Romanization of Chinese, Romanization of Greek, Runes, Scalar (mathematics), Scriptio continua, Semicolon, Shavian alphabet, Shift key, Sinology, Slash (punctuation), Software development, Space (punctuation), Standard Tibetan, Syllabification, Taiwan, Taiwanese Hokkien, The Lancet, Transcription into Chinese characters, Typography, Ubuntu (operating system), Unicode, Unicode compatibility characters, United States, University of Cambridge, Verb, Whitespace character, William Shakespeare, Word divider, Word processor, X, X Window System, Z notation. Expand index (85 more) » « Shrink index
The ‘Phags-pa script (дөрвөлжин үсэг "Square script") is an alphabet designed by the Tibetan monk and State Preceptor (later Imperial Preceptor) Drogön Chögyal Phagpa for Kublai Khan, the founder of the Yuan dynasty, as a unified script for the written languages within the Yuan.
An adduct (from the Latin adductus, "drawn toward" alternatively, a contraction of "addition product") is a product of a direct addition of two or more distinct molecules, resulting in a single reaction product containing all atoms of all components.
In linguistics, an affix is a morpheme that is attached to a word stem to form a new word or word form.
Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
The Alt key (pronounced or) on a computer keyboard is used to change (alternate) the function of other pressed keys.
AltGr (also Alt Graph, or Right Alt) is a modifier key found on some computer keyboards and is primarily used to type characters that are unusual for the locale of the keyboard layout, such as currency symbols and accented letters.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Andrew Christopher West (born 1960) is an English Sinologist.
The Avestan alphabet is a writing system developed during Iran's Sassanid era (226–651 CE) to render the Avestan language.
Klas Bernhard Johannes Karlgren (15 October 1889 – 20 October 1978) was a Swedish Sinologist and linguist who pioneered the study of Chinese historical phonology using modern comparative methods.
Bertran de Born (1140s – by 1215) was a baron from the Limousin in France, and one of the major Occitan troubadours of the twelfth century.
British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.
In typography, a bullet (•) is a typographical symbol or glyph used to introduce items in a list.
An electronic calculator is typically a portable electronic device used to perform calculations, ranging from basic arithmetic to complex mathematics.
"Can't Buy Me Love" is a song composed by Paul McCartney (credited to Lennon–McCartney) and released by the Beatles on the A-side of their sixth British single, with "You Can't Do That" as the B-side, in March 1964.
Capitalisation, or capitalization,see spelling differences is writing a word with its first letter as a capital letter (upper-case letter) and the remaining letters in lower case in writing systems with a case distinction.
The caret is an inverted V-shaped grapheme.
Catalan (autonym: català) is a Western Romance language derived from Vulgar Latin and named after the medieval Principality of Catalonia, in northeastern modern Spain.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
Chinese characters are logograms primarily used in the writing of Chinese and Japanese.
Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.
Classical Latin is the modern term used to describe the form of the Latin language recognized as standard by writers of the late Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.
The colon is a punctuation mark consisting of two equally sized dots centered on the same vertical line.
The comma is a punctuation mark that appears in several variants in different languages.
A compose key (sometimes called multi key) is a key on a computer keyboard that indicates that the following (usually 2 or more) keystrokes trigger the insertion of an alternate character, typically a precomposed character or a symbol.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computers.
In computing, a Control key is a modifier key which, when pressed in conjunction with another key, performs a special operation (for example, C); similar to the Shift key, the Control key rarely performs any function when pressed by itself.
Copper(II) sulfate, also known as cupric sulfate, or copper sulphate, is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula CuSO4(H2O)x, where x can range from 0 to 5.
In mathematics and vector algebra, the cross product or vector product (occasionally directed area product to emphasize the geometric significance) is a binary operation on two vectors in three-dimensional space \left(\mathbb^3\right) and is denoted by the symbol \times.
A currency (from curraunt, "in circulation", from currens, -entis), in the most specific use of the word, refers to money in any form when in actual use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins.
The dagesh is a diacritic used in the Hebrew alphabet.
The dash is a punctuation mark that is similar in appearance to and, but differs from these symbols in both length and height.
A decimal separator is a symbol used to separate the integer part from the fractional part of a number written in decimal form.
Decimalisation is the process of converting a currency from its previous non-decimal denominations to a decimal system (i.e., a system based on one basic unit of currency and one or more sub-units, such that the number of sub-units in one basic unit is a power of 10, most commonly 100).
In the Goidelic languages, dependent and independent verb forms are distinct verb forms; each tense of each verb exists in both forms.
Desktop publishing (abbreviated DTP) is the creation of documents using page layout skills on a personal computer primarily for print.
A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or an accent – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.
The dollar sign ($ or) is a symbol primarily used to indicate the various units of currency around the world.
In mathematics, the dot product or scalar productThe term scalar product is often also used more generally to mean a symmetric bilinear form, for example for a pseudo-Euclidean space.
In linguistics, an elision or deletion is the omission of one or more sounds (such as a vowel, a consonant, or a whole syllable) in a word or phrase.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Epigraphy (ἐπιγραφή, "inscription") is the study of inscriptions or epigraphs as writing; it is the science of identifying graphemes, clarifying their meanings, classifying their uses according to dates and cultural contexts, and drawing conclusions about the writing and the writers.
In geometry, an equilateral triangle is a triangle in which all three sides are equal.
In mathematics, physics, and engineering, a Euclidean vector (sometimes called a geometric or spatial vector, or—as here—simply a vector) is a geometric object that has magnitude (or length) and direction.
In mathematics, the exterior product or wedge product of vectors is an algebraic construction used in geometry to study areas, volumes, and their higher-dimensional analogs.
The full point or full stop (British and broader Commonwealth English) or period (North American English) is a punctuation mark.
Gascon is a dialect of Occitan.
Ge'ez (ግዕዝ,; also transliterated Giʻiz) is an ancient South Semitic language and a member of the Ethiopian Semitic group.
Gemination, or consonant elongation, is the pronouncing in phonetics of a spoken consonant for an audibly longer period of time than that of a short consonant.
Genghis Khan or Temüjin Borjigin (Чингис хаан, Çingis hán) (also transliterated as Chinggis Khaan; born Temüjin, c. 1162 August 18, 1227) was the founder and first Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous empire in history after his death.
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
The glottal stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages, produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract or, more precisely, the glottis.
In linguistics, grammar (from Greek: γραμματική) is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.
Graphic design is the process of visual communication and problem-solving through the use of typography, photography and illustration.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
In CJK (Chinese, Japanese and Korean) computing, graphic characters are traditionally classed into fullwidth (in Taiwan and Hong Kong: 全形; in CJK: 全角) and halfwidth (in Taiwan and Hong Kong: 半形; in CJK: 半角) characters.
The following tables of consonants and vowels of the Korean alphabet (jamo) display the basic forms in blue in the first row, and their derivatives in the following rows.
In typesetting and text editors, the term hard space has several meanings, all related to a special way of representing the space between characters.
The Hellenic Organization for Standardization (Ελληνικός Οργανισμός Τυποποίησης, Ellīnikós Organismós Typopoíīsīs; abbreviated ΕΛΟΤ in Greek and ELOT in English) is the national standards organization for the Hellenic Republic (Greece).
is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system, along with katakana, kanji, and in some cases rōmaji (Latin script).
The hyphen (‐) is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word.
The International System of Units (SI, abbreviated from the French Système international (d'unités)) is the modern form of the metric system, and is the most widely used system of measurement.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
Kanji (漢字) are the adopted logographic Chinese characters that are used in the Japanese writing system.
is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system along with hiragana, kanji, and in some cases the Latin script (known as rōmaji).
A keyboard layout is any specific mechanical, visual, or functional arrangement of the keys, legends, or key-meaning associations (respectively) of a computer, typewriter, or other typographic keyboard.
L (named el) is the twelfth letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet, used in words such as lagoon, lantern, and less.
Late antiquity is a periodization used by historians to describe the time of transition from classical antiquity to the Middle Ages in mainland Europe, the Mediterranean world, and the Near East.
LaTeX (or; a shortening of Lamport TeX) is a document preparation system.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.
Linear A is one of two currently undeciphered writing systems used in ancient Greece (Cretan hieroglyphic is the other).
Linear B is a syllabic script that was used for writing Mycenaean Greek, the earliest attested form of Greek.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
Logic (from the logikḗ), originally meaning "the word" or "what is spoken", but coming to mean "thought" or "reason", is a subject concerned with the most general laws of truth, and is now generally held to consist of the systematic study of the form of valid inference.
In logic, mathematics and linguistics, And (∧) is the truth-functional operator of logical conjunction; the and of a set of operands is true if and only if all of its operands are true.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
The mappiq (also mapiq, mapik, mappik, lit. "causing to go out") is a diacritic used in the Hebrew alphabet.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
The Mayflower Compact was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Ming or Song is a category of typefaces used to display Chinese characters, which are used in the Chinese, Japanese and Korean languages.
MuhammadFull name: Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāšim (ابو القاسم محمد ابن عبد الله ابن عبد المطلب ابن هاشم, lit: Father of Qasim Muhammad son of Abd Allah son of Abdul-Muttalib son of Hashim) (مُحمّد;;Classical Arabic pronunciation Latinized as Mahometus c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE)Elizabeth Goldman (1995), p. 63, gives 8 June 632 CE, the dominant Islamic tradition.
Multiplication (often denoted by the cross symbol "×", by a point "⋅", by juxtaposition, or, on computers, by an asterisk "∗") is one of the four elementary mathematical operations of arithmetic; with the others being addition, subtraction and division.
The multiplication sign, also known as the times sign or the dimension sign, is the symbol ×. While similar to the lowercase letter x, the form is properly a rotationally symmetric saltire.
The newton metre (also newton-metre, symbol N m or N⋅m) is a unit of torque (also called "moment") in the SI system.
In word processing and digital typesetting, a non-breaking space (" "), also called no-break space, non-breakable space (NBSP), hard space, or fixed space, is a space character that prevents an automatic line break at its position.
A numeric keypad, number pad, numpad, or ten key, is the palm-sized, 17-key section of a standard computer keyboard, usually on the far right.
Traditional grammar defines the object in a sentence as the entity that is acted upon by the subject.
Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc (langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language.
O͘ is one of the six Taiwanese Hokkien vowels as written in the Peh-oe-ji (POJ) orthography.
Old Irish (Goídelc; Sean-Ghaeilge; Seann Ghàidhlig; Shenn Yernish; sometimes called Old Gaelic) is the name given to the oldest form of the Goidelic languages for which extensive written texts are extant.
Old Occitan (Modern Occitan: occitan ancian, occità antic), also called Old Provençal, was the earliest form of the Occitano-Romance languages, as attested in writings dating from the eighth through the fourteenth centuries.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
The Option key is a modifier key (ALT) present on Apple keyboards.
Pe̍h-ōe-jī (abbreviated POJ, literally vernacular writing, also known as Church Romanization) is an orthography used to write variants of Southern Min Chinese, particularly Taiwanese Southern Min and Amoy Hokkien.
Hanyu Pinyin Romanization, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan.
Punctuation (formerly sometimes called pointing) is the use of spacing, conventional signs, and certain typographical devices as aids to the understanding and correct reading of handwritten and printed text, whether read silently or aloud.
QWERTY is a keyboard design for Latin-script alphabets.
The Romanization of Chinese is the use of the Latin alphabet to write Chinese.
Romanization of Greek is the transliteration (letter-mapping) or transcription (sound-mapping) of text from the Greek alphabet into the Latin alphabet.
Runes are the letters in a set of related alphabets known as runic alphabets, which were used to write various Germanic languages before the adoption of the Latin alphabet and for specialised purposes thereafter.
A scalar is an element of a field which is used to define a vector space.
Scriptio continua (Latin for "continuous script"), also known as scriptura continua or scripta continua, is a style of writing without spaces, or other marks between the words or sentences.
The semicolon or semi colon is a punctuation mark that separates major sentence elements.
The Shavian alphabet (also known as the Shaw alphabet) is an alphabet conceived as a way to provide simple, phonetic orthography for the English language to replace the difficulties of conventional spelling.
The shift key is a modifier key on a keyboard, used to type capital letters and other alternate "upper" characters.
Sinology or Chinese studies is the academic study of China primarily through Chinese language, literature, Chinese culture and history, and often refers to Western scholarship.
The slash is an oblique slanting line punctuation mark.
Software development is the process of conceiving, specifying, designing, programming, documenting, testing, and bug fixing involved in creating and maintaining applications, frameworks, or other software components.
In writing, a space ( ) is a blank area that separates words, sentences, syllables (in syllabification) and other written or printed glyphs (characters).
Standard Tibetan is the most widely spoken form of the Tibetic languages.
Syllabification or syllabication is the separation of a word into syllables, whether spoken or written.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Taiwanese Hokkien (translated as Taiwanese Min Nan), also known as Taiwanese/Taiwanese language in Taiwan (/), is a branched-off variant of Hokkien spoken natively by about 70% of the population of Taiwan.
The Lancet is a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal.
Transcription into Chinese is the use of traditional or simplified characters to transcribe phonetically the sound of terms and names foreign to the Chinese language.
Typography is the art and technique of arranging type to make written language legible, readable, and appealing when displayed.
Ubuntu (stylized as ubuntu) is a free and open source operating system and Linux distribution based on Debian.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
In Unicode and the UCS, a compatibility character is a character that is encoded solely to maintain round trip convertibility with other, often older, standards.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word (part of speech) that in syntax conveys an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), an occurrence (happen, become), or a state of being (be, exist, stand).
In computer programming, white space is any character or series of characters that represent horizontal or vertical space in typography.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
In punctuation, a word divider is a glyph that separates written words.
A word processor is a computer program or device that provides for input, editing, formatting and output of text, often plus other features.
X (named ex, plural exes) is the 24th and antepenultimate letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
The X Window System (X11, or shortened to simply X) is a windowing system for bitmap displays, common on UNIX-like computer operating systems.
The Z notation is a formal specification language used for describing and modelling computing systems.
Ano Teleia, Ano teleia, Center dot, Centered dot, Central dot, Centre dot, Greek semicolon, Interpoint, L dot L, L dot l, L.l, Mid dot, Middle dot, Middot, Multiplication dot, Punt volat, Raised dot, Stigme mese, ·, Ŀ, ĿL, Άνω τελεία, ⊡, ⸱, ・, ･.