198 relations: Akron and Barberton Belt Railroad, Akron, Canton and Youngstown Railroad, Alabama, Tennessee and Northern Railroad, Alton Railroad, American Public Media, Ann Arbor Railroad (1895–1976), Arrangements between railroads, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, Atlanta and St. Andrews Bay Railroad, Atlanta, Birmingham and Coast Railroad, Atlantic Coast Line Railroad, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Bangor and Aroostook Railroad, Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad, Boston and Maine Corporation, Boynton v. Virginia, Brown v. Board of Education, Buffalo and Susquehanna Railroad, Buffalo, Rochester and Pittsburgh Railway, Bus station, Butte, Anaconda and Pacific Railway, Canadian National Railway, Canadian Pacific Railway, Cartel, Central of Georgia Railway, Central Railroad of New Jersey, Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad, Chicago and North Western Transportation Company, Chicago Great Western Railway, Chicago, Attica and Southern Railroad, Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad, Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad, Civil Aeronautics Board, Civil and political rights, Clinchfield Railroad, Code of Virginia, Colorado and Southern Railway, Columbus and Greenville Railway, Common carrier, Communications Act of 1934, Constitution of Australia, David D. Friedman, Delaware and Hudson Railway, Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad, Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad, Denver and Salt Lake Railway, Deregulation, Detroit and Toledo Shore Line Railroad, ..., Detroit, Grand Haven and Milwaukee Railway, Detroit, Toledo and Ironton Railroad, Dining car, Duluth and Iron Range Railroad, Duluth, Missabe and Northern Railway, Duluth, South Shore and Atlantic Railway, Erie Railroad, Escanaba and Lake Superior Railroad, Esch–Cummins Act, Federal Communications Commission, Federal judiciary of the United States, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, Federal Railroad Administration, Federal Trade Commission, Florida East Coast Railway, Fort Smith and Western Railway, Fort Worth and Denver Railway, Fourth branch of government, Fred R. Harris, Free to Choose, Freedom Riders, Gail McDonald, Grand Trunk Western Railroad, Great Depression in the United States, Great Northern Railway (U.S.), Green Bay and Western Railroad, Grover Cleveland, Henderson v. United States (1950), Hepburn Act, History of rail transport in the United States, Hocking Valley Railway, ICC Termination Act of 1995, Illinois and Midland Railroad, Illinois Central Railroad, Independent agencies of the United States government, Indianapolis Union Railway, Inter-State Commission, Intercity bus service, Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, Interstate Commerce Commission v. Cincinnati, New Orleans & Texas Pacific Railway Co., Irene Morgan, Kansas City Southern Railway, Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway, Kansas, Oklahoma and Gulf Railway, Keys v. Carolina Coach Co., Lake Superior and Ishpeming Railroad, Lawsuit, Lehigh and Hudson River Railway, Lehigh and New England Railroad, Lehigh Valley Railroad, Litchfield and Madison Railway, Local government in the United States, Long Island Rail Road, Louisiana and Arkansas Railway, Louisville and Nashville Railroad, Maine Central Railroad Company, Mann–Elkins Act, Meridian and Bigbee Railroad, Michigan Supreme Court, Midland Valley Railroad, Milton Friedman, Minneapolis and St. Louis Railway, Minneapolis, Northfield and Southern Railway, Minneapolis, St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Railroad, Missouri Pacific Railroad, Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad, Mobile and Ohio Railroad, Monon Railroad, Motor Carrier Act of 1980, Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis Railway, Nashville, Tennessee, National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry, National Labor Relations Board, National Technical Information Service, New York Central Railroad, New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad, New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad, New York, Ontario and Western Railway, Norfolk and Western Railway, Norfolk Southern Railway (1942–82), Northern Pacific Railway, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Oklahoma, Oklahoma City – Ada – Atoka Railway, Panic of 1907, Pennsylvania Railroad, Pere Marquette Railway, Philadelphia Belt Line Railroad, Pittsburgh and West Virginia Railway, Portland, Oregon, Postal Regulatory Commission, President of the United States, Racial discrimination, Racial segregation, Rail transport, Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act, Railroad Safety Appliance Act, Reading Company, Regulation, Regulatory capture, Robert F. Kennedy, Rutland Railroad, Seaboard Air Line Railroad, Separate but equal, Southern Pacific Transportation Company, Southern Railway (U.S.), Spokane, Portland and Seattle Railway, St. Louis Southwestern Railway, St. Louis–San Francisco Railway, Staggers Rail Act, State governments of the United States, Supreme Court of the United States, Surface Transportation Board, Switching and terminal railroad, Telegraphy, Telephone, Telephone company, Tennessee Central Railway, Texas and Pacific Railway, The Machinery of Freedom, Thomas Frank, Thomas M. Cooley, Toledo Terminal Railroad, Toledo, Peoria and Western Railway, Transportation Security Administration, Trinity and Brazos Valley Railway, Trucking industry in the United States, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, Union Pacific Railroad, United States administrative law, United States Attorney General, United States Congress, United States Department of Transportation, United States District Court for the District of Maryland, United States Senate, University of Michigan Law School, Valuation Act, Virginian Railway, Wabash Railroad, Western Maryland Railway, Western Pacific Railroad, Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway (1916–88), William H. H. Miller, William Z. Ripley, Winston-Salem Southbound Railway, Wireless telegraphy, Women's Army Corps. Expand index (148 more) » « Shrink index
The Akron and Barberton Belt Railroad was a switching railroad that was built to serve various industries around the cities of Barberton and Akron in Ohio.
The Akron, Canton and Youngstown Railroad was a Class I railroad which operated in the state of Ohio.
The Alabama, Tennessee and Northern Railroad was a short line railroad which operated in the state of Alabama.
The Alton Railroad was the final name of a railroad linking Chicago to Alton, Illinois, St. Louis, Missouri, and Kansas City, Missouri.
American Public Media (APM) is the second largest producer and distributor of public radio programs in the United States after NPR.
The Ann Arbor Railroad was an American railroad that operated between Toledo, Ohio and Elberta and Frankfort, Michigan (about 294 route miles) with train ferry operations across Lake Michigan.
Railway companies can interact with and control others in many ways.
The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, often referred to as the Santa Fe or AT&SF, was one of the larger railroads in the United States.
The Atlanta and St.
The Atlanta, Birmingham and Coast Railroad was organized in 1926 to replace the Atlanta, Birmingham and Atlantic Railway.
The Atlantic Coast Line Railroad is a former U. S. Class I railroad from 1900 until 1967, when it merged with long-time rival Seaboard Air Line Railroad to form the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad.
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was the first common carrier railroad and the oldest railroad in the United States, with its first section opening in 1830.
The Bangor and Aroostook Railroad was a United States railroad company that brought rail service to Aroostook County in northern Maine.
The Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad is a class II railroad that operates in northwestern Pennsylvania and northeastern Ohio.
The Boston and Maine Corporation, known as the Boston and Maine Railroad (B&M), was a U.S. Class I railroad in northern New England.
Boynton v. Virginia, 364 U.S. 454 (1960), was a decision by the Supreme Court of the United States.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.
The Buffalo and Susquehanna Railroad was a railroad company that formerly operated in western and north central Pennsylvania and western New York.
The Buffalo, Rochester and Pittsburgh Railway was one of the more than ten thousand railroad companies founded in North America.
A bus station is a structure where city or intercity buses stop to pick up and drop off passengers.
The Butte, Anaconda and Pacific Railway is a short line railroad in the U.S. state of Montana which was founded in 1892.
The Canadian National Railway Company (Compagnie des chemins de fer nationaux du Canada) is a Canadian Class I freight railway headquartered in Montreal, Quebec that serves Canada and the Midwestern and Southern United States.
The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), also known formerly as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a historic Canadian Class I railroad incorporated in 1881.
A cartel is a group of apparently independent producers whose goal is to increase their collective profits by means of price fixing, limiting supply, or other restrictive practices.
The Central of Georgia Railway started as the Central Rail Road and Canal Company in 1833.
The Central Railroad of New Jersey, also known as the Jersey Central or Jersey Central Lines, was a Class I railroad with origins in the 1830s.
The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway was a Class I railroad formed in 1869 in Virginia from several smaller Virginia railroads begun in the 19th century.
The Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad was a Class I railroad that linked Chicago to southern Illinois, St. Louis, and Evansville.
The Chicago and North Western Transportation Company was a Class I railroad in the Midwestern United States.
The Chicago Great Western Railway was a Class I railroad that linked Chicago, Minneapolis, Omaha, and Kansas City.
The Chicago, Attica and Southern Railroad, nicknamed the "Dolly Varden Line", was a railroad linking small towns in west central and northwestern Indiana to the Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railway (C&EI) near Momence, Illinois (where traffic continued on to Chicago).
The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad was a railroad that operated in the Midwestern United States.
The Chicago, Milwaukee, St.
The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad (CRI&P RW, sometimes called Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway) was a Class I railroad in the United States.
The Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) was an agency of the federal government of the United States that regulated aviation services, including scheduled passenger airline service, and provided air accident investigation.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
The Clinchfield Railroad was an operating and holding company for the Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway.
The Code of Virginia is the statutory law of the U.S. state of Virginia, and consists of the codified legislation of the Virginia General Assembly.
The Colorado and Southern Railway was an American Class I railroad in the western United States that operated independently from 1898 to 1908, then as part of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad until it was absorbed into the Burlington Northern Railroad in 1981.
There have been two uses of Columbus and Greenville Railway, both for the same rail line.
A common carrier in common law countries (corresponding to a public carrier in civil law systems,Encyclopædia Britannica CD 2000 "Civil-law public carrier" from "carriage of goods" usually called simply a carrier) is a person or company that transports goods or people for any person or company and that is responsible for any possible loss of the goods during transport.
The Communications Act of 1934 is a United States federal law, signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 19, 1934, and codified as Chapter 5 of Title 47 of the United States Code, et seq.
The Constitution of Australia is the supreme law under which the government of the Commonwealth of Australia operates, including its relationship to the States of Australia.
David Director Friedman (born February 12, 1945) is an American economist, physicist, legal scholar, and libertarian theorist.
The Delaware and Hudson Railway (D&H) is a railroad that operates in the northeastern United States.
The Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad (also known as the DL&W or Lackawanna Railroad) was a U.S. Class 1 railroad that connected Buffalo, New York, and Hoboken, New Jersey, a distance of about.
The Denver & Rio Grande Western Railroad, often shortened to Rio Grande, D&RG or D&RGW, formerly the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad, was an American Class I railroad company.
The Denver, Northwestern and Pacific Railway was a U.S. railroad company in Colorado.
Deregulation is the process of removing or reducing state regulations, typically in the economic sphere.
The Detroit and Toledo Shore Line Railroad is a historic railroad that operated in northwestern Ohio and southeastern Michigan.
The Detroit, Grand Haven and Milwaukee Railway is a defunct railroad which operated in the US state of Michigan during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
The Detroit, Toledo and Ironton Railroad operated from 1905 to 1983 between its namesake cities of Detroit, Michigan, and Ironton, Ohio, via Toledo.
A dining car (American English) or a restaurant car (British English), also a diner, is a railroad passenger car that serves meals in the manner of a full-service, sit-down restaurant.
The Duluth and Iron Range Railroad was founded in 1874.
The Duluth, Missabe and Northern Railway (DM&N) was a railroad company in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
The Duluth, South Shore and Atlantic Railway (DSS&A) was an American railroad serving the Upper Peninsula of Michigan and the Lake Superior shoreline of Wisconsin.
The Erie Railroad was a railroad that operated in the northeastern United States, originally connecting New York City — more specifically Jersey City, New Jersey, where Erie's former terminal, long demolished, used to stand — with Lake Erie.
The Escanaba and Lake Superior Railroad is a privately held shortline railroad that operates of track in Northeastern Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.
The Transportation Act, 1920, commonly known as the Esch–Cummins Act, was a United States federal law that returned railroads to private operation after World War I, with much regulation.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute (and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.
The federal judiciary of the United States is one of the three co-equal branches of the federal government of the United States organized under the United States Constitution and laws of the federal government.
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) is an agency in the United States Department of Transportation that regulates the trucking industry in the United States.
The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) is an agency in the United States Department of Transportation (DOT).
The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is an independent agency of the United States government, established in 1914 by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
The Florida East Coast Railway is a Class II railroad operating in the U.S. state of Florida.
The Fort Smith and Western Railway was a railroad that operated in the states of Arkansas and Oklahoma.
The Fort Worth and Denver Railway, nicknamed "the Denver Road," was a Class I American railroad company that operated in the northern part of Texas from 1881 to 1982, and had a profound influence on the early settlement and economic development of the region.
In the American political system, the unofficial fourth branch of government refers to a group that influences the other three branches of the US federal government defined in the American Constitution (Legislative, Executive and Judicial).
Fred Roy Harris (born November 13, 1930) is a former Democratic United States Senator from the state of Oklahoma.
Free to Choose: A Personal Statement (1980) is a book and a ten-part television series broadcast on public television by economists Milton and Rose D. Friedman that advocates free market principles.
Freedom Riders were civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States in 1961 and subsequent years to challenge the non-enforcement of the United States Supreme Court decisions Morgan v. Virginia (1946) and Boynton v. Virginia (1960), which ruled that segregated public buses were unconstitutional.
Gail Clements McDonald (born 1944) is an American political administrator who was appointed as Chair of Interstate Commerce Commission from 1993 until the Commission's disbandment by Congress in 1995.
The Grand Trunk Western Railroad Company is an American subsidiary of the Canadian National Railway operating in Michigan, Illinois, Indiana and Ohio.
The Great Depression began in August 1929, when the United States economy first went into an economic recession.
The Great Northern Railway was an American Class I railroad.
The Green Bay and Western Railroad served central Wisconsin for almost 100 years before it was absorbed into the Wisconsin Central in 1993.
Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was an American politician and lawyer who was the 22nd and 24th President of the United States, the only president in American history to serve two non-consecutive terms in office (1885–1889 and 1893–1897).
Henderson v. United States, 339 U.S. 816 (1950), was a landmark United States Supreme Court decision in the jurisprudence of the United States that abolished segregation in railroad dining cars with an 8-0 ruling.
The Hepburn Act is a 1906 United States federal law that gave the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) the power to set maximum railroad rates and extend its jurisdiction.
Wooden railroads, called wagonways, were built in the United States starting from the 1720s.
The Hocking Valley Railway was a railroad in the U.S. state of Ohio, with a main line from Toledo to Athens and Pomeroy via Columbus.
The ICC Termination Act of 1995 is a United States federal law enacted in 1995 that abolished the Interstate Commerce Commission and simultaneously created its successor agency, the Surface Transportation Board.
The Illinois and Midland Railroad is a railroad in the U.S. state of Illinois, serving Peoria, Springfield and Taylorville.
The Illinois Central Railroad, sometimes called the Main Line of Mid-America, was a railroad in the central United States, with its primary routes connecting Chicago, Illinois, with New Orleans, Louisiana, and Mobile, Alabama.
Independent agencies of the United States federal government are those agencies that exist outside the federal executive departments (those headed by a Cabinet secretary) and the Executive Office of the President.
The Indianapolis Union Railway Company, is a terminal railroad operating in Indianapolis, Indiana.
The Inter-State Commission, or Interstate Commission, is a defunct constitutional body under Australian law.
An intercity bus service (North American English) or intercity coach service (British English and Commonwealth English), also called a long-distance, express, over-the-road, commercial, long-haul, or highway bus or coach service, is a public transport service using coaches to carry passengers significant distances between different cities, towns, or other populated areas.
The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 is a United States federal law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry, particularly its monopolistic practices.
Interstate Commerce Commission v. Cincinnati, New Orleans and Texas Pacific Railway Co.,, was an important early U.S. Supreme Court case in the development of American administrative law.
Irene Amos Morgan (April 9, 1917 – August 10, 2007), later known as Irene Morgan Kirkaldy, was an African-American woman from Baltimore, Maryland, who was arrested in Middlesex County, Virginia, in 1944 under a state law imposing racial segregation in public facilities and transportation.
The Kansas City Southern Railway Company, owned by Kansas City Southern, is the smallest and third-oldest Class I railroad in North America (just behind Union Pacific Railroad and Canadian Pacific Railway) still in operation.
The Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway, started in 1900 by American railroad entrepreneur Arthur Edward Stilwell, was the predecessor to the Chihuahua al Pacífico railroad in Mexico.
The Kansas, Oklahoma and Gulf Railway (KO&G) was formed on July 31, 1919 from the assets of the bankrupt Missouri, Oklahoma and Gulf Railway.
Sarah Keys v. Carolina Coach Company, 64 MCC 769 (1955) is a landmark civil rights case in the United States in which the Interstate Commerce Commission, in response to a bus segregation complaint filed in 1953 by a Women's Army Corps (WAC) private named Sarah Louise Keys, broke with its historic adherence to the Plessy v. Ferguson separate but equal doctrine and interpreted the non-discrimination language of the Interstate Commerce Act as banning the segregation of black passengers in buses traveling across state lines.
The Lake Superior and Ishpeming Railroad, a U.S. railroad offering service from Marquette, Michigan, to nearby locations in Michigan's Upper Peninsula, began operations in 1896.
A lawsuit (or suit in law) is "a vernacular term for a suit, action, or cause instituted or depending between two private persons in the courts of law." A lawsuit is any proceeding by a party or parties against another in a court of law.
The Lehigh and Hudson River Railway (L&HR) was the smallest of the six railroads that were merged into Conrail in 1976.
The Lehigh & New England Railroad was a Class I railroad located in Northeastern United States that acted as a bridge line.
The Lehigh Valley Railroad was one of a number of railroads built in the northeastern United States primarily to haul anthracite coal.
The Litchfield and Madison Railway was a Class I railroad in Illinois in the United States.
Local government in the United States refers to governmental jurisdictions below the level of the state.
The Long Island Rail Road, legally known as the Long Island Rail Road Company and often abbreviated as the LIRR, is a commuter rail system in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of New York, stretching from Manhattan to the eastern tip of Suffolk County on Long Island.
The Louisiana and Arkansas Railway was a railroad that operated in the states of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas.
The Louisville and Nashville Railroad, commonly called the L&N, was a Class I railroad that operated freight and passenger services in the southeast United States.
The Maine Central Railroad Company was a former U. S. Class I railroad in central and southern Maine.
The Mann–Elkins Act was a 1910 United States federal law that was among the Progressive era reforms.
The M&B Railroad, formerly the Meridian and Bigbee Railroad, is a Class III railroad that operates 189 miles of railroad from Meridian, Mississippi eastward to Burkville, Alabama.
The Michigan Supreme Court is the highest court in the U.S. state of Michigan.
The Midland Valley Railroad (MV) was incorporated on June 4, 1903 for the purpose of building a line from Hope, Arkansas, through Muskogee and Tulsa, Oklahoma to Wichita, Kansas.
Milton Friedman (July 31, 1912 – November 16, 2006) was an American economist who received the 1976 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his research on consumption analysis, monetary history and theory, and the complexity of stabilization policy.
The Minneapolis and St.
The Minneapolis, Northfield and Southern Railway was an American short line railroad connecting Minneapolis and Northfield, Minnesota.
The Minneapolis, St.
The Missouri Pacific Railroad, commonly abbreviated MoPac, with nickname of The Mop, was one of the first railroads in the United States west of the Mississippi River.
The Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railway is a former Class I railroad company in the United States, with its last headquarters in Dallas.
The Mobile and Ohio Railroad was a railroad in the Southern U.S. The M&O was chartered in January and February 1848 by the states of Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.
The Monon Railroad, also known as the Chicago, Indianapolis, and Louisville Railway from 1897 to 1956, was an American railroad that operated almost entirely within the state of Indiana.
The Motor Carrier Regulatory Reform and Modernization Act, more commonly known as the Motor Carrier Act of 1980 (MCA) is a United States federal law which deregulated the trucking industry.
The Nashville, Chattanooga and St.
Nashville is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Tennessee and the seat of Davidson County.
The Grange, officially referred to as The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry, is a fraternal organization in the United States that encourages families to band together to promote the economic and political well-being of the community and agriculture.
The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) is an independent US government agency with responsibilities for enforcing US labor law in relation to collective bargaining and unfair labor practices.
The National Technical Information Service (NTIS) is an agency within the U.S. Department of Commerce.
The New York Central Railroad was a railroad operating in the Northeastern United States.
The New York, Chicago and St.
The New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad, commonly known as the New Haven, was a railroad that operated in northeastern United States from 1872 to 1968, dominating the region's rail traffic for the first half of the 20th century.
The New York, Ontario and Western Railway, more commonly known as the O&W or NYO&W, was a regional railroad with origins in 1868, lasting until March 29, 1957 when it was ordered liquidated by a US bankruptcy judge.
The Norfolk and Western Railway was a US class I railroad, formed by more than 200 railroad mergers between 1838 and 1982.
The Norfolk Southern Railway was the final name of a railroad that ran from Norfolk, Virginia, southwest and west to Charlotte, North Carolina.
The Northern Pacific Railway was a transcontinental railroad that operated across the northern tier of the western United States, from Minnesota to the Pacific Northwest.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is an agency of the United States Department of Labor.
Oklahoma (Uukuhuúwa, Gahnawiyoˀgeh) is a state in the South Central region of the United States.
The Oklahoma City – Ada – Atoka Railway (OCAA) was formed from trackage from Oklahoma City to Atoka via Shawnee and Ada, Oklahoma, that was not included in the 1923 reorganization of the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad.
The Panic of 1907 – also known as the 1907 Bankers' Panic or Knickerbocker Crisis – was a United States financial crisis that took place over a three-week period starting in mid-October, when the New York Stock Exchange fell almost 50% from its peak the previous year.
The Pennsylvania Railroad (or Pennsylvania Railroad Company and also known as the "Pennsy") was an American Class I railroad that was established in 1846 and was headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The Pere Marquette Railway operated in the Great Lakes region of the United States and southern parts of Ontario in Canada.
The Philadelphia Belt Line Railroad owns a long railroad line running along the Delaware River waterfront in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The Pittsburgh and West Virginia Railway was a railroad in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and Wheeling, West Virginia, areas.
Portland is the largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon and the seat of Multnomah County.
The United States Postal Regulatory Commission (or PRC), formerly called the Postal Rate Commission, is an independent regulatory agency created by the Postal Reorganization Act of 1970.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
Racial discrimination refers to discrimination against individuals on the basis of their race.
Racial segregation is the separation of people into racial or other ethnic groups in daily life.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
The Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976,, often called the "4R Act," is a United States federal law that established the basic outlines of regulatory reform in the railroad industry and provided transitional operating funds following the 1970 bankruptcy of Penn Central Transportation Company.
The Safety Appliance Act is a United States federal law that made air brakes and automatic couplers mandatory on all trains in the United States.
The Reading Company was a company that was involved in the railroad industry in southeast Pennsylvania and neighboring states from 1924 until 1976.
Regulation is an abstract concept of management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends.
Regulatory capture is a form of government failure which occurs when a regulatory agency, created to act in the public interest, instead advances the commercial or political concerns of special interest groups that dominate the industry or sector it is charged with regulating.
Robert Francis "Bobby" Kennedy (November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968) was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 64th United States Attorney General from January 1961 to September 1964, and as a U.S. Senator for New York from January 1965 until his assassination in June 1968.
The Rutland Railroad was a railroad in the northeastern United States, located primarily in the state of Vermont but extending into the state of New York at both its northernmost and southernmost ends.
The Seaboard Air Line Railroad, which styled itself "The Route of Courteous Service," was an American railroad whose corporate existence extended from April 14, 1900, until July 1, 1967, when it merged with the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad, its longtime rival, to form the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad.
Separate but equal was a legal doctrine in United States constitutional law according to which racial segregation did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, adopted during the Reconstruction Era, which guaranteed "equal protection" under the law to all citizens.
The Southern Pacific (or Espee from the railroad initials- SP) was an American Class I railroad network that existed from 1865 to 1998 that operated in the Western United States.
The Southern Railway (also known as Southern Railway Company and now known as the current incarnation of the Norfolk Southern Railway) is a name of a class 1 railroad that was based in the Southern United States.
The Spokane, Portland & Seattle Railway (SP&S) was a United States-based railroad incorporated in 1905.
The Staggers Rail Act of 1980 is a United States federal law that deregulated the American railroad industry to a significant extent, and it replaced the regulatory structure that had existed since the 1887 Interstate Commerce Act.
State governments of the United States are institutional units in the United States exercising some of the functions of government at a level below that of the federal government.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
The Surface Transportation Board (STB) of the United States is a federal, bipartisan, independent adjudicatory board.
A switching and terminal railroad is a freight railroad company whose primary purpose is to perform local switching services or to own and operate a terminal facility.
Telegraphy (from Greek: τῆλε têle, "at a distance" and γράφειν gráphein, "to write") is the long-distance transmission of textual or symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message.
A telephone, or phone, is a telecommunications device that permits two or more users to conduct a conversation when they are too far apart to be heard directly.
A telephone company, also known as a telco, telephone service provider, or telecommunications operator, is a kind of communications service provider (CSP) (more precisely a telecommunications service provider or TSP) that provides telecommunications services such as telephony and data communications access.
The Tennessee Central Railway was founded in 1884 as the Nashville and Knoxville Railroad by Alexander S. Crawford.
The Texas and Pacific Railway Company (known as the T&P) was created by federal charter in 1871 with the purpose of building a southern transcontinental railroad between Marshall, Texas, and San Diego, California.
The Machinery of Freedom is a nonfiction book by David D. Friedman which advocates an anarcho-capitalist society from a utilitarian / consequentialist perspective.
Thomas Carr Frank (born March 21, 1965) is an American political analyst, historian, and journalist.
Thomas McIntyre Cooley (January 6, 1824 – September 12, 1898) was the 25th Justice and a Chief Justice of the Michigan Supreme Court, between 1864 and 1885.
Toledo Terminal Railroad was a railway company in the U.S. state of Ohio.
The Toledo, Peoria and Western Railway is a short line railroad that operates of track from Mapleton, Illinois, through Peoria across Illinois to Logansport, Indiana.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is an agency of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security that has authority over the security of the traveling public in the United States.
The Trinity and Brazos Valley Railway of Texas came into existence on October 7, 1902, originally chartered to build a railroad from Johnson County to the Beaumont area near the Gulf coast.
The trucking industry serves the American economy by transporting large quantities of raw materials, works in process, and finished goods over land—typically from manufacturing plants to retail distribution centers.
The United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC or Commission) is an independent agency of the United States government.
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is an independent agency of the United States federal government.
The Union Pacific Railroad (or Union Pacific Railroad Company and simply Union Pacific) is a freight hauling railroad that operates 8,500 locomotives over 32,100 route-miles in 23 states west of Chicago and New Orleans.
United States administrative law encompasses statutes, common law, and directives issued by the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs in the Executive Office of the President, that together define the extent of powers and responsibilities held by administrative agencies of the United States Government (both executive branch agencies and independent agencies).
The United States Attorney General (A.G.) is the head of the United States Department of Justice per, concerned with all legal affairs, and is the chief lawyer of the United States government.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT or DOT) is a federal Cabinet department of the U.S. government concerned with transportation.
The United States District Court for the District of Maryland (in case citations, D. Md.) is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is the state of Maryland.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
The University of Michigan Law School (Michigan Law) is the law school of the University of Michigan, in Ann Arbor.
The Valuation Act is a 1913 United States federal law that required the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) to assess the value of railroad property.
The Virginian Railway was a Class I railroad located in Virginia and West Virginia in the United States.
Norfolk Southern Railway The Wabash Railroad was a Class I railroad that operated in the mid-central United States.
The Western Maryland Railway was an American Class I railroad (1852–1983) which operated in Maryland, West Virginia, and Pennsylvania.
The Western Pacific Railroad was a Class I railroad in the United States.
The Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway was a Class I railroad mostly within the U.S. state of Ohio.
William Henry Harrison Miller (September 6, 1840 – May 25, 1917) was an American lawyer and Attorney General of the United States.
William Zebina Ripley (October 13, 1867 – August 16, 1941) was an American economist, lecturer at Columbia University, professor of economics at MIT, professor of political economics at Harvard University, and racial theorist.
The Winston-Salem Southbound Railway is a short-line railroad jointly owned by CSX Transportation and the Norfolk Southern Railway (NS), which provide it with equipment.
Wireless telegraphy is the transmission of telegraphy signals from one point to another by means of an electromagnetic, electrostatic or magnetic field, or by electrical current through the earth or water.
The Women's Army Corps (WAC) was the women's branch of the United States Army.