80 relations: Alcoholic drink, Alcoholism, Altered level of consciousness, American Heart Association, Amyloidosis, Aneurysm, Anticoagulant, Anticonvulsant, Antihypertensive drug, Arteriovenous malformation, Basal ganglia, Black people, Bleeding, Blood pressure, Blood sugar level, Blood vessel, Brain tumor, Brainstem, Catheter, Cerebellum, Cerebral cortex, Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, Cerebrovascular disease, Circulatory system, Coagulopathy, Cocaine, Corticosteroid, CT scan, Decompressive craniectomy, Diabetes mellitus, Edema, Embolism, Endoscopy, Epileptic seizure, External ventricular drain, Factor VII, Fever, Fluid balance, Fosphenytoin, Fresh frozen plasma, Frontal lobe, Headache, Hematoma, Hydrocephalus, Hypertension, Hypocholesterolemia, Intensive care unit, Intracranial aneurysm, Intracranial hemorrhage, Intracranial pressure, ..., Intraparenchymal hemorrhage, Intraventricular hemorrhage, Lateral ventricles, Lesion, Lobe (anatomy), Medulla oblongata, Menopause, Mortality rate, Neck stiffness, Neoplasm, Neurosurgery, Penetrating head injury, Platelet transfusion, Protamine, Putamen, Skull fracture, Stereotactic surgery, Stress ulcer, Stroke, Subarachnoid hemorrhage, Temporal lobe, Thalamus, Thrombus, Tobacco smoking, Tracheal intubation, Traumatic brain injury, Vagus nerve, Venous thrombosis, Vitamin K, White people. Expand index (30 more) » « Shrink index
An alcoholic drink (or alcoholic beverage) is a drink that contains ethanol, a type of alcohol produced by fermentation of grains, fruits, or other sources of sugar.
Alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD), is a broad term for any drinking of alcohol that results in mental or physical health problems.
An altered level of consciousness is any measure of arousal other than normal.
The American Heart Association (AHA) is a non-profit organization in the United States that fosters appropriate cardiac care in an effort to reduce disability and deaths caused by cardiovascular disease and stroke.
Amyloidosis is a group of diseases in which abnormal protein, known as amyloid fibrils, builds up in tissue.
An aneurysm is a localized, abnormal, weak spot on a blood vessel wall that causes an outward bulging, likened to a bubble or balloon.
Anticoagulants, commonly referred to as blood thinners, are chemical substances that prevent or reduce coagulation of blood, prolonging the clotting time.
Anticonvulsants (also commonly known as antiepileptic drugs or as antiseizure drugs) are a diverse group of pharmacological agents used in the treatment of epileptic seizures.
Antihypertensives are a class of drugs that are used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure).
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is an abnormal connection between arteries and veins, bypassing the capillary system.
The basal ganglia (or basal nuclei) is a group of subcortical nuclei, of varied origin, in the brains of vertebrates including humans, which are situated at the base of the forebrain.
Black people is a term used in certain countries, often in socially based systems of racial classification or of ethnicity, to describe persons who are perceived to be dark-skinned compared to other populations.
Bleeding, also known as hemorrhaging or haemorrhaging, is blood escaping from the circulatory system.
Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels.
The blood sugar level, blood sugar concentration, or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose present in the blood of humans and other animals.
The blood vessels are the part of the circulatory system, and microcirculation, that transports blood throughout the human body.
A brain tumor occurs when abnormal cells form within the brain.
The brainstem (or brain stem) is the posterior part of the brain, adjoining and structurally continuous with the spinal cord.
In medicine, a catheter is a thin tube made from medical grade materials serving a broad range of functions.
The cerebellum (Latin for "little brain") is a major feature of the hindbrain of all vertebrates.
The cerebral cortex is the largest region of the cerebrum in the mammalian brain and plays a key role in memory, attention, perception, cognition, awareness, thought, language, and consciousness.
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is the presence of a blood clot in the dural venous sinuses, which drain blood from the brain.
Cerebrovascular disease includes a variety of medical conditions that affect the blood vessels of the brain and the cerebral circulation.
The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.
A bleeding disorder (coagulopathy) is a condition that affects the way the blood clots.
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.
Corticosteroids are a class of steroid hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex of vertebrates, as well as the synthetic analogues of these hormones.
A CT scan, also known as computed tomography scan, makes use of computer-processed combinations of many X-ray measurements taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional (tomographic) images (virtual "slices") of specific areas of a scanned object, allowing the user to see inside the object without cutting.
Decompressive craniectomy (crani- + -ectomy) is a neurosurgical procedure in which part of the skull is removed to allow a swelling brain room to expand without being squeezed.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
Edema, also spelled oedema or œdema, is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitium, located beneath the skin and in the cavities of the body, which can cause severe pain.
An embolism is the lodging of an embolus, a blockage-causing piece of material, inside a blood vessel.
An endoscopy (looking inside) is used in medicine to look inside the body.
An epileptic seizure is a brief episode of signs or symptoms due to abnormally excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.
An external ventricular drain (EVD), also known as a ventriculostomy or extraventricular drain, is a device used in neurosurgery to treat hydrocephalus and relieve elevated intracranial pressure when the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) inside the brain is obstructed.
Factor VII (blood-coagulation factor VIIa, activated blood coagulation factor VII, formerly known as proconvertin) is one of the proteins that causes blood to clot in the coagulation cascade.
Fever, also known as pyrexia and febrile response, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set-point.
Fluid balance is an aspect of the homeostasis of organisms in which the amount of water in the organism needs to be controlled, via osmoregulation and behavior, such that the concentrations of electrolytes (salts in solution) in the various body fluids are kept within healthy ranges.
Fosphenytoin (fosphenytoin sodium, trade names Cerebyx, Parke-Davis; Prodilantin, Pfizer Holding France) is a water-soluble phenytoin prodrug that is administered intravenously to deliver phenytoin, potentially more safely than intravenous phenytoin.
Fresh frozen plasma (FFP) is a blood product made from the liquid portion of whole blood.
The frontal lobe, located at the front of the brain, is the largest of the four major lobes of the cerebral cortex in the mammalian brain.
Headache is the symptom of pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck.
A hematoma (US spelling) or haematoma (UK spelling) is a localized collection of blood outside the blood vessels, due to either disease or trauma including injury or surgery and may involve blood continuing to seep from broken capillaries.
Hydrocephalus is a condition in which there is an accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the brain.
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
Hypocholesterolemia is the presence of abnormally low (hypo-) levels of cholesterol in the blood (-emia).
Intensive care unit An intensive care unit (ICU), also known as an intensive therapy unit or intensive treatment unit (ITU) or critical care unit (CCU), is a special department of a hospital or health care facility that provides intensive treatment medicine.
Intracranial aneurysm, also known as brain aneurysm, is a cerebrovascular disorder in which weakness in the wall of a cerebral artery or vein causes a localized dilation or ballooning of the blood vessel.
Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), also known as intracranial bleed, is bleeding within the skull.
Intracranial pressure (ICP) is the pressure inside the skull and thus in the brain tissue and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).
Intraparenchymal hemorrhage (IPH) is one form of intracerebral bleeding in which there is bleeding within brain parenchyma.
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), also known as intraventricular bleeding, is a bleeding into the brain's ventricular system, where the cerebrospinal fluid is produced and circulates through towards the subarachnoid space.
The lateral ventricles are the two largest cavities of the ventricular system of the human brain and contain cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).
A lesion is any abnormal damage or change in the tissue of an organism, usually caused by disease or trauma.
In anatomy, a lobe is a clear anatomical division or extension of an organ (as seen for example in the brain, the lung, liver or the kidney) that can be determined without the use of a microscope at the gross anatomy level.
The medulla oblongata (or medulla) is located in the brainstem, anterior and partially inferior to the cerebellum.
Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is the time in most women's lives when menstrual periods stop permanently, and they are no longer able to bear children.
Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.
Neck stiffness, stiff neck and nuchal rigidity are terms often used interchangeably to describe the medical condition when one experiences discomfort or pain when trying to turn, move, or flex the neck.
Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.
Neurosurgery, or neurological surgery, is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, surgical treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system.
A penetrating head injury, or open head injury, is a head injury in which the dura mater, the outer layer of the meninges, is breached.
Platelet transfusion, also known as platelet concentrate, is used to prevent or treat bleeding in people with either a low platelet count or poor platelet function.
Protamines are small, arginine-rich, nuclear proteins that replace histones late in the haploid phase of spermatogenesis and are believed essential for sperm head condensation and DNA stabilization.
The putamen is a round structure located at the base of the forebrain (telencephalon).
A skull fracture is a break in one or more of the eight bones that form the cranial portion of the skull, usually occurring as a result of blunt force trauma.
Stereotactic surgery or stereotaxy is a minimally invasive form of surgical intervention which makes use of a three-dimensional coordinate system to locate small targets inside the body and to perform on them some action such as ablation, biopsy, lesion, injection, stimulation, implantation, radiosurgery (SRS), etc.
A stress ulcer is a single or multiple mucosal defect which can become complicated by upper gastrointestinal bleeding physiologic stress.
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is bleeding into the subarachnoid space—the area between the arachnoid membrane and the pia mater surrounding the brain.
The temporal lobe is one of the four major lobes of the cerebral cortex in the brain of mammals.
The thalamus (from Greek θάλαμος, "chamber") is the large mass of gray matter in the dorsal part of the diencephalon of the brain with several functions such as relaying of sensory signals, including motor signals, to the cerebral cortex, and the regulation of consciousness, sleep, and alertness.
A thrombus, colloquially called a blood clot, is the final product of the blood coagulation step in hemostasis.
Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases).
Tracheal intubation, usually simply referred to as intubation, is the placement of a flexible plastic tube into the trachea (windpipe) to maintain an open airway or to serve as a conduit through which to administer certain drugs.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as intracranial injury, occurs when an external force injures the brain.
The vagus nerve, historically cited as the pneumogastric nerve, is the tenth cranial nerve or CN X, and interfaces with parasympathetic control of the heart, lungs, and digestive tract.
A venous thrombus is a blood clot (thrombus) that forms within a vein.
Vitamin K is a group of structurally similar, fat-soluble vitamins that the human body requires for complete synthesis of certain proteins that are prerequisites for blood coagulation (K from Koagulation, Danish for "coagulation") and which the body also needs for controlling binding of calcium in bones and other tissues.
White people is a racial classification specifier, used mostly for people of European descent; depending on context, nationality, and point of view, the term has at times been expanded to encompass certain persons of North African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian descent, persons who are often considered non-white in other contexts.
Bleeding stroke, Brain bleed, Brain haemorrhage, Brain hemorrhage, Brainbleed, Cerebral Hemmorage, Cerebral bleed, Cerebral haemorrhage, Cerebral heamorrhage, Cerebral hemhorrage, Cerebral hemmorage, Cerebral hemorrage, Cerebral hemorrhage, Cerebral hemorrhage, traumatic, Cerebral hemorrhages, Haemorrhagic stroke, Intra-axial bleeding, Intra-axial hematoma, Intra-axial hemorrhage, Intracerebral bleed, Intracerebral bleeding, Intracerebral haemorrhage, Intracerebral hematoma, Intraparenchymal hematoma, Intraventricular hematoma, Massive cerebral hemorrhage, Symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage.