121 relations: Acer platanoides, Adaptation, Adventive species, Africa, Africanized bee, Agriculture, Alewife, American Acclimatization Society, American bison, Americas, Ampullariidae, Aphis nerii, Aquaculture, Arachnid, Asian carp, Australian Dung Beetle Project, Avian range expansion, Ballast water discharge and the environment, Biodiversity, Biological dispersal, Biological hazard, Biological pest control, Biotope, Brown marmorated stink bug, Brown rat, Burmese pythons in Florida, California tiger salamander, Canada goose, Cane toad, Cat, Caulerpa taxifolia, Cincinnati, Common brushtail possum, Common carp, Common pheasant, Common starling, Conservation genetics, Coypu, Directed panspermia, Dog, Domestic duck, Dung beetle, Earthworms as invasive species, Eastern gray squirrel, Ecosystem, Eichhornia crassipes, Erosion, Eugene Schieffelin, Europe, European rabbit, ..., Fallopia japonica, Feral, Fish, Genetic diversity, Genetic pollution, Genetically modified organism, Glossary of invasion biology terms, Goat, Great Britain, Great Lakes, Hawaii, Honey bee, House sparrow, Human, Indigenous (ecology), Interspecific competition, Introduced mammals on seabird breeding islands, Introduced species of the British Isles, Invasive species, Invasive species in Australia, Invasive species in New Zealand, Kudzu, List of introduced bird species, List of introduced mammal species, List of introduced species, Livestock, Lymantria dispar dispar, Lythrum salicaria, Mediterranean Sea, Microorganism, Monaco, Monsanto, Muskrat, Naturalisation (biology), Nerium, New Zealand, North America, Ornamental plant, Pet, Pig, Pinus radiata, Planetary body, Podarcis muralis, Predation, Rabbit, Rabbits in Australia, Range (biology), Rat, Red fox, Red kite, Resveratrol, San Francisco Bay, Seaweed, Space probe, Spacecraft, Species, Starling, Suez Canal, Tamarix, Taraxacum, Terraforming, Thomas Austin, Tiger salamander, United States Environmental Protection Agency, United States National Agricultural Library, Wheat, Wild turkey, Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, Yellowstone National Park, Zebra mussel, Zygosity. Expand index (71 more) » « Shrink index
Acer platanoides (Norway maple) is a species of maple native to eastern and central Europe and western Asia, from France east to Russia, north to southern Scandinavia and southeast to northern Iran.
In biology, adaptation has three related meanings.
An adventive species is a species that has arrived in a new locality.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
The Africanized bee, also known as the Africanised honey bee, and known colloquially as "killer bee", is a hybrid of the Western honey bee species (Apis mellifera), produced originally by cross-breeding of the African honey bee (A. m. scutellata), with various European honey bees such as the Italian bee A. m. ligustica and the Iberian bee A. m. iberiensis.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
The alewife (Alosa pseudoharengus) is an anadromous species of herring found in North America.
The American Acclimatization Society was a group founded in New York City in 1871 dedicated to introducing European flora and fauna into North America for both economic and cultural reasons.
The American bison or simply bison (Bison bison), also commonly known as the American buffalo or simply buffalo, is a North American species of bison that once roamed the grasslands of North America in massive herds.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Ampullariidae, common name the apple snails, is a family of large freshwater snails, aquatic gastropod mollusks with a gill and an operculum.
Aphis nerii is an aphid of the family Aphididae.
Aquaculture (less commonly spelled aquiculture), also known as aquafarming, is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae, and other organisms.
Arachnids are a class (Arachnida) of joint-legged invertebrate animals (arthropods), in the subphylum Chelicerata.
Several species of heavy-bodied cyprinid fishes are collectively known in the United States as Asian carp.
The Australian Dung Beetle Project (1965–1985), conceived and led by Dr George Bornemissza of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), was an international scientific research and biological control project with the primary goal to control the polluting effects of cattle dung.
Avian range expansion describes how birds expand their habitat.
Ballast water discharges by ships can have a negative impact on the marine environment.
Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.
Biological dispersal refers to both the movement of individuals (animals, plants, fungi, bacteria, etc.) from their birth site to their breeding site ('natal dispersal'), as well as the movement from one breeding site to another ('breeding dispersal').
Biological hazards, also known as biohazards, refer to biological substances that pose a threat to the health of living organisms, primarily that of humans.
Biological control or biocontrol is a method of controlling pests such as insects, mites, weeds and plant diseases using other organisms.
A biotope is an area of uniform environmental conditions providing a living place for a specific assemblage of plants and animals.
The brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys) is an insect in the family Pentatomidae that is native to China, Japan, the Korean peninsula, and Taiwan.
The brown rat (Rattus norvegicus), also known as the common rat, street rat, sewer rat, Hanover rat, Norway rat, Norwegian rat, Parisian rat or wharf rat, is one of the best known and most common rats.
Burmese pythons (Python bivittatus) are native to Southeast Asia.
The California tiger salamander (Ambystoma californiense) is a vulnerable amphibian native to California.
The Canada goose (Branta canadensis), also called the Canadian goose, is a large wild goose species with a black head and neck, white cheeks, white under its chin, and a brown body.
The cane toad (Rhinella marina), also known as the giant neotropical toad or marine toad, is a large, terrestrial true toad native to South and mainland Central America, but which has been introduced to various islands throughout Oceania and the Caribbean, as well as Northern Australia.
The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus) is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal.
Caulerpa taxifolia is a species of seaweed, an alga of the genus Caulerpa.
The common brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula, from the Greek for "furry tailed" and the Latin for "little fox", previously in the genus Phalangista) is a nocturnal, semi-arboreal marsupial of the family Phalangeridae, it is native to Australia, and the second largest of the possums.
The common carp or European carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a widespread freshwater fish of eutrophic waters in lakes and large rivers in Europe and Asia.
The common pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) is a bird in the pheasant family (Phasianidae).
The common starling (Sturnus vulgaris), also known as the European starling, or in the British Isles just the starling, is a medium-sized passerine bird in the starling family, Sturnidae.
Conservation genetics is an interdisciplinary subfield of Population Genetics that aims to understand the dynamics of genes in populations principally to avoid extinction.
The coypu (Myocastor coypus), also known as the nutria, is a large, herbivorous, semiaquatic rodent.
Directed panspermia is the deliberate transport of microorganisms in space to be used as introduced species on lifeless but habitable astronomical objects.
The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris when considered a subspecies of the gray wolf or Canis familiaris when considered a distinct species) is a member of the genus Canis (canines), which forms part of the wolf-like canids, and is the most widely abundant terrestrial carnivore.
Domestic ducks are ducks that are raised for meat, eggs and down.
Dung beetles are beetles that feed partly or exclusively on feces (dung).
Earthworms are invasive species throughout the world.
Sciurus carolinensis, common name eastern gray squirrel or grey squirrel depending on region, is a tree squirrel in the genus Sciurus.
An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.
Eichhornia crassipes, commonly known as common water hyacinth, is an aquatic plant native to the Amazon basin, and is often a highly problematic invasive species outside its native range.
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, and then transport it to another location (not to be confused with weathering which involves no movement).
Eugene Schieffelin (29 January 1827, New York, N.Y. — 15 August 1906, Newport, Rhode Island) belonged to the and the New York Zoological Society.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) or coney is a species of rabbit native to southwestern Europe (including Spain, Portugal and Western France) and to northwest Africa (including Morocco and Algeria).
Fallopia japonica, synonyms Reynoutria japonica and Polygonum cuspidatum, commonly known as Asian knotweed or Japanese knotweed, is a large, herbaceous perennial plant of the knotweed and buckwheat family Polygonaceae.
A feral animal or plant (from Latin fera, "a wild beast") is one that lives in the wild but is descended from domesticated individuals.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.
Genetic diversity is the total number of genetic characteristics in the genetic makeup of a species.
Genetic pollution is a controversial term for uncontrolled gene flow into wild populations.
A genetically modified organism (GMO) is any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques (i.e., a genetically engineered organism).
The need for a clearly defined and consistent invasion biology terminology has been acknowledged by many sources.
The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
The Great Lakes (les Grands-Lacs), also called the Laurentian Great Lakes and the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes located primarily in the upper mid-east region of North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.
Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.
A honey bee (or honeybee) is any member of the genus Apis, primarily distinguished by the production and storage of honey and the construction of perennial, colonial nests from wax.
The house sparrow (Passer domesticus) is a bird of the sparrow family Passeridae, found in most parts of the world.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
In biogeography, a species is defined as indigenous to a given region or ecosystem if its presence in that region is the result of only natural process, with no human intervention.
Interspecific competition, in ecology, is a form of competition in which individuals of different species compete for the same resources in an ecosystem (e.g. food or living space).
Seabirds include some of the most threatened taxa anywhere in the world.
Islands, such as the British Isles, can be adversely affected by the introduction of non-native species.
An invasive species is a species that is not native to a specific location (an introduced species), and that has a tendency to spread to a degree believed to cause damage to the environment, human economy or human health.
Invasive species are a serious threat to the native biodiversity of Australia and are an ongoing cost to Australian agriculture.
A number of introduced species, some of which have become invasive species, have been added to New Zealand's native flora and fauna.
Kudzu (also called Japanese arrowroot) is a group of plants in the genus Pueraria, in the pea family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.
This list of introduced bird species includes all the species of bird introduced to an area without regard to that territory being or not being their native area of occupation or the success of that re-introduction or introduction to the area.
This list of introduced mammal species includes all the species of mammal introduced to an area without regard to that territory being or not being their native area of occupation or the success of that re-introduction or introduction to the area.
A complete list of introduced species for even quite small areas of the world would be dauntingly long.
Livestock are domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool.
Lymantria dispar dispar, commonly known as the gypsy moth, European gypsy moth, or North American gypsy moth, is a moth in the family Erebidae that is of Eurasian origin.
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrifeFlora of NW Europe) is a flowering plant belonging to the family Lythraceae.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
A microorganism, or microbe, is a microscopic organism, which may exist in its single-celled form or in a colony of cells. The possible existence of unseen microbial life was suspected from ancient times, such as in Jain scriptures from 6th century BC India and the 1st century BC book On Agriculture by Marcus Terentius Varro. Microbiology, the scientific study of microorganisms, began with their observation under the microscope in the 1670s by Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. In the 1850s, Louis Pasteur found that microorganisms caused food spoilage, debunking the theory of spontaneous generation. In the 1880s Robert Koch discovered that microorganisms caused the diseases tuberculosis, cholera and anthrax. Microorganisms include all unicellular organisms and so are extremely diverse. Of the three domains of life identified by Carl Woese, all of the Archaea and Bacteria are microorganisms. These were previously grouped together in the two domain system as Prokaryotes, the other being the eukaryotes. The third domain Eukaryota includes all multicellular organisms and many unicellular protists and protozoans. Some protists are related to animals and some to green plants. Many of the multicellular organisms are microscopic, namely micro-animals, some fungi and some algae, but these are not discussed here. They live in almost every habitat from the poles to the equator, deserts, geysers, rocks and the deep sea. Some are adapted to extremes such as very hot or very cold conditions, others to high pressure and a few such as Deinococcus radiodurans to high radiation environments. Microorganisms also make up the microbiota found in and on all multicellular organisms. A December 2017 report stated that 3.45 billion year old Australian rocks once contained microorganisms, the earliest direct evidence of life on Earth. Microbes are important in human culture and health in many ways, serving to ferment foods, treat sewage, produce fuel, enzymes and other bioactive compounds. They are essential tools in biology as model organisms and have been put to use in biological warfare and bioterrorism. They are a vital component of fertile soils. In the human body microorganisms make up the human microbiota including the essential gut flora. They are the pathogens responsible for many infectious diseases and as such are the target of hygiene measures.
Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco (Principauté de Monaco), is a sovereign city-state, country and microstate on the French Riviera in Western Europe.
Monsanto Company was an agrochemical and agricultural biotechnology corporation.
The muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus), the only species in genus Ondatra and tribe Ondatrini, is a medium-sized semiaquatic rodent native to North America and is an introduced species in parts of Europe, Asia, and South America.
In biology, naturalisation (or naturalization) is any process by which a non-native organism or species spreads into the wild and its reproduction is sufficient to maintain its population.
Nerium oleander is a shrub or small tree in the dogbane family Apocynaceae, toxic in all its parts.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
Ornamental plants are plants that are grown for decorative purposes in gardens and landscape design projects, as houseplants, for cut flowers and specimen display.
A pet or companion animal is an animal kept primarily for a person's company, protection, or entertainment rather than as a working animal, livestock, or laboratory animal.
A pig is any of the animals in the genus Sus, within the even-toed ungulate family Suidae.
Pinus radiata, family Pinaceae, the Monterey pine, insignis pine or radiata pine, is a species of pine native to the Central Coast of California and Mexico (Guadalupe Island and Cedros island).
A planetary body or planetary object is any secondary body in the Solar System that is geologically differentiated or in hydrostatic equilibrium and thus has a planet-like geology: a planet, dwarf planet, or the larger moons and asteroids.
Podarcis muralis (common wall lizard) is a species of lizard with a large distribution in Europe and well-established introduced populations in North America, where it is also called the European wall lizard.
Predation is a biological interaction where a predator (a hunting animal) kills and eats its prey (the organism that is attacked).
Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha (along with the hare and the pika).
European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) were introduced to Australia in the 18th century with the First Fleet and eventually became widespread.
In biology, the range of a species is the geographical area within which that species can be found.
Rats are various medium-sized, long-tailed rodents in the superfamily Muroidea.
The red fox (Vulpes vulpes) is the largest of the true foxes and one of the most widely distributed members of the order Carnivora, being present across the entire Northern Hemisphere from the Arctic Circle to North Africa, North America and Eurasia.
The red kite (Milvus milvus) is a medium-large bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, which also includes many other diurnal raptors such as eagles, buzzards, and harriers.
Resveratrol (3,5,4′-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a stilbenoid, a type of natural phenol, and a phytoalexin produced by several plants in response to injury or, when the plant is under attack by pathogens such as bacteria or fungi.
San Francisco Bay is a shallow estuary in the US state of California.
Seaweed or macroalgae refers to several species of macroscopic, multicellular, marine algae.
A space probe is a robotic spacecraft that does not orbit the Earth, but, instead, explores further into outer space.
A spacecraft is a vehicle or machine designed to fly in outer space.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds in the family Sturnidae.
thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.
The genus Tamarix (tamarisk, salt cedar) is composed of about 50–60 species of flowering plants in the family Tamaricaceae, native to drier areas of Eurasia and Africa.
Taraxacum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions.
Terraforming (literally, "Earth-shaping") of a planet, moon, or other body is the hypothetical process of deliberately modifying its atmosphere, temperature, surface topography or ecology to be similar to the environment of Earth to make it habitable by Earth-like life.
Thomas Austin (181515 December 1871) was an English settler in Australia who is generally noted for the introduction of rabbits into Australia in 1859.
The tiger salamander or eastern tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) is a North American species of mole salamander.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
The United States National Agricultural Library (NAL) is one of the world's largest agricultural research libraries, and serves as a national library of the United States and as the library of the United States Department of Agriculture.
Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.
The wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) is an upland ground bird native to North America and is the heaviest member of the diverse Galliformes.
The Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 is an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom implemented to comply with European Council Directive 2009/147/EC on the conservation of wild birds.
Yellowstone National Park is an American national park located in Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho.
The zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) is a small freshwater mussel.
Zygosity is the degree of similarity of the alleles for a trait in an organism.
Alien (biology), Alien organism, Alien species, Exotic Species, Exotic animal, Exotic organism, Exotic pest, Exotic plant, Exotic plants, Exotic species, Foreign species, Immigrant species, Introduced birds, Introduced organism, Introduced predators, Naturalised species, Non indigenous species, Non-indigenous organism, Non-indigenous species, Non-native species, Nonindigenous species, Nonnative species, Xenophyte.