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Invasion of Normandy

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The Western Allies of World War II launched the largest amphibious invasion in history when they assaulted Normandy, located on the northern coast of France, on 6 June 1944. [1]

253 relations: Admiral, Adolf Hitler, Aerial warfare, Air chief marshal, Alan Goodrich Kirk, Alexander Esway, Alfred Jodl, Allies of World War II, Amphibious warfare, Army Group B, Arromanches-les-Bains, Arthur Hiller, Arthur Tedder, 1st Baron Tedder, Atlantic Wall, Axis powers, B. H. Liddell Hart, Band of Brothers (miniseries), Battle of Tinchebray, Bayeux, Bayeux Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery, Bény-sur-Mer Canadian War Cemetery, Beachhead, Bernard Montgomery, Bertram Ramsay, Bicycle infantry, BIGOT list, Bill Clinton, Bloomsbury Publishing, British Army, Caen, Canadian Army, Carlo D'Este, Cemetery, Charles de Gaulle, Charles Foulkes (Canadian Army officer), Charles Perry Stacey, Cherbourg-Octeville, Chester Wilmot, Christian cross, Claridge's, Colleville-sur-Mer, Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Cornelius Ryan, Cotentin Peninsula, Czechoslovak government-in-exile, D-Day Daily Telegraph crossword security alarm, D-Day Museum, Devon, Dictionary of National Biography, ..., Double-Cross System, Dutch government-in-exile, Dwight D. Eisenhower, E-boat, Eastern Front (World War II), Edgar Feuchtinger, Elizabeth II, Elyesa Bazna, Encyclopædia Britannica, English Channel, Erich Marcks, Erwin Rommel, Espionage, Exercise Tiger, Fan Bingbing, First United States Army, Free Belgian forces, Free France, Friedrich Dollmann, Fritz Bayerlein, Fritz Witt, Full moon, Günther Blumentritt, Günther von Kluge, General order, George Cross, Gerd von Rundstedt, Germany, Gibraltar, Gold Beach, Greek government-in-exile, Group captain, Guy Simonds, Hans Speidel, Hans von Luck, Hans von Salmuth, Harry Crerar, Harry Hinsley, Heinz Hellmich, History of the Second World War, Hitler Youth, Hutchinson (publisher), I Corps (United Kingdom), Ike: Countdown to D-Day, Into the Jaws of Death, J.J. Fedorowicz Publishing, James Garner, James M. Gavin, James Stagg, Jang Dong-gun, Joe Odagiri, John Keegan, Josef Reichert, Joseph Kessel, Juan Pujol García, Julie Andrews, Juno Beach, Juno Beach Centre, Juno Beach order of battle, Kang Je-gyu, La Cambe German war cemetery, Landing craft, Landing Ship, Tank, Leadership, Lee Marvin, Leo Geyr von Schweppenburg, Lionel Chetwynd, Lionel Ellis, List of Allied forces in the Normandy Campaign, Loire, Luftwaffe, Luxembourg government in exile, M. R. D. Foot, Martin Blumenson, Materiel, Matt Damon, Max Hastings, Max-Josef Pemsel, Michael Howard (historian), Michael O. Varhola, Miles Dempsey, Military glider, Milton Shulman, Miniseries, Montauban, Mulberry harbour, My Way (2011 film), Napoleon, Naval gunfire support, No. 224 Squadron RAF, Non-commissioned officer, Norman Cota, Normandy, Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial, Normandy landings, North Africa, Nygaardsvold's Cabinet, OB West, Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, Omaha Beach, Omar Bradley, Operation Fortitude, Operation Lüttich, Operation Overlord, Operation Pluto, Osprey Publishing, Ostlegionen, Overlord (1975 film), Overlord embroidery, Paddy Chayefsky, Panzer Lehr Division, Paratrooper, Pays de Caux, Pegasus Bridge, Philip Vian, Pointe du Hoc, Polish Armed Forces in the West, Portsmouth, Raymond O. Barton, Robert F. Sargent, Robert Harmon, Robin Neillands, Ronald Lewin, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal New Zealand Air Force, Royal Norwegian Navy, Saint-Lô, Sainte-Mère-Église, Samuel Fuller, Saving Private Ryan, Second Army (United Kingdom), Seine, Simon Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat, Slapton, Devon, Soviet Union, Spanish Armada, Special Air Service, Star of David, Stephen E. Ambrose, Steven Spielberg, Stuart Cooper, Submarine, Supreme Allied Commander, Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force, Sword Beach, The Americanization of Emily, The Big Red One, The Longest Day (book), The Longest Day (film), The World at War, Theodore Roosevelt Jr., Thouars, Tom Hanks, Trafford Leigh-Mallory, Ultra, United States Army, United States Army Center of Military History, United States Coast Guard, Utah Beach, V Corps (United States), Victoria Cross, VII Corps (United States), Walter Bedell Smith, Warship, Werner Ostendorff, Wilhelm Keitel, William the Conqueror, World War II, XXX Corps (United Kingdom), 101st Airborne Division, 10th SS Panzer Division Frundsberg, 116th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 11th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend, 16th Infantry Regiment (United States), 17th SS Panzergrenadier Division Götz von Berlichingen, 19th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 1st Infantry Division (United States), 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler, 21st Army Group, 21st Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 243rd Static Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 27th Armoured Brigade, 29th Infantry Division (United States), 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade, 2nd Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich, 352nd Infantry Division, 3rd Division (United Kingdom), 4th Infantry Division (United States), 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division, 5th Panzer Army, 6th Airborne Division (United Kingdom), 709th Static Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 711th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 716th Static Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 79th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 7th Army (Wehrmacht), 82nd Airborne Division, 8th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 91st Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 9th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen. 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Admiral

Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navies, and in many navies is the highest rank.

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Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.

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Aerial warfare

Aerial warfare is the battlespace use of military aircraft and other flying machines in warfare.

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Air chief marshal

Air chief marshal (Air Chf Mshl or ACM) is a four-star air officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force, where it is the most senior peacetime air force rank.

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Alan Goodrich Kirk

Admiral Alan Goodrich Kirk (October 30, 1888 – October 15, 1963) was a senior officer in the United States Navy and a diplomat.

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Alexander Esway

Alexander Esway (20 January 1895 – 23 August 1947) was a Hungarian-born film director, screenwriter, and producer.

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Alfred Jodl

Alfred Josef Ferdinand Jodl (10 May 1890 – 16 October 1946) was a German general during World War II, who served as the Chief of the Operations Staff of the Armed Forces High Command (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht).

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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Amphibious warfare

Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.

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Army Group B

Army Group B (German: Heeresgruppe B) was the title of three German Army Groups that saw action during World War II.

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Arromanches-les-Bains

Arromanches-les-Bains (or, simply Arromanches) is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandie region of northwestern France.

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Arthur Hiller

Arthur Hiller, (November 22, 1923 – August 17, 2016) was a Canadian-American television and film director, having directed over 33 films during his 50-year career.

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Arthur Tedder, 1st Baron Tedder

Marshal of the Royal Air Force Arthur William Tedder, 1st Baron Tedder, (11 July 1890 – 3 June 1967) was a senior Royal Air Force commander.

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Atlantic Wall

The Atlantic Wall (Atlantikwall) was an extensive system of coastal defence and fortifications built by Nazi Germany between 1942 and 1944 along the coast of continental Europe and Scandinavia as a defence against an anticipated Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe from the United Kingdom during World War II.

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Axis powers

The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.

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B. H. Liddell Hart

Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart (31 October 1895 – 29 January 1970), commonly known throughout most of his career as Captain B. H. Liddell Hart, was a British soldier, military historian and military theorist.

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Band of Brothers (miniseries)

Band of Brothers is a 2001 American war drama miniseries based on historian Stephen E. Ambrose's 1992 non-fiction book of the same name.

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Battle of Tinchebray

The Battle of Tinchebray (alternate spellings Tinchebrai or Tenchebrai) was fought 28 September 1106, in Tinchebray (today in Orne département of France), Normandy, between an invading force led by King Henry I of England, and his elder brother Robert Curthose, the Duke of Normandy.

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Bayeux

Bayeux is a commune in the Calvados department in Normandy in northwestern France.

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Bayeux Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery

The Bayeux War Cemetery is the largest Second World War cemetery of Commonwealth soldiers in France, located in Bayeux, Normandy.

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Bény-sur-Mer Canadian War Cemetery

The Bény-sur-Mer Canadian War Cemetery (Cimetière militaire canadien de Bény-sur-Mer) is a cemetery containing predominantly Canadian soldiers killed during the early stages of the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.

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Beachhead

A beachhead is a temporary line created when a military unit reaches a landing beach by sea and begins to defend the area while other reinforcements help out until a unit large enough to begin advancing has arrived.

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Bernard Montgomery

Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.

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Bertram Ramsay

Admiral Sir Bertram Home Ramsay, KCB, KBE, MVO (20 January 1883 – 2 January 1945) was a Royal Navy officer.

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Bicycle infantry

Bicycle infantry are infantry soldiers who maneuver on (or, more often, between) battlefields using military bicycles.

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BIGOT list

A BIGOT list (or bigot list) is a list of personnel possessing appropriate security clearance and who are cleared to know details of a particular operation, or other sensitive information.

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Bill Clinton

William Jefferson Clinton (born August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.

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Bloomsbury Publishing

Bloomsbury Publishing plc (formerly M.B.N.1 Limited and Bloomsbury Publishing Company Limited) is a British independent, worldwide publishing house of fiction and non-fiction.

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British Army

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.

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Caen

Caen (Norman: Kaem) is a commune in northwestern France.

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Canadian Army

The Canadian Army (French: Armée canadienne) is the command responsible for the operational readiness of the conventional ground forces of the Canadian Armed Forces.

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Carlo D'Este

Carlo D'Este (born 1938 in Oakland, California) is an American military historian and biographer, author of several books, especially on World War II.

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Cemetery

A cemetery or graveyard is a place where the remains of dead people are buried or otherwise interred.

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Charles de Gaulle

Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.

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Charles Foulkes (Canadian Army officer)

General Charles Foulkes, (3 January 1903 – 12 September 1969) was a British-Canadian soldier, and an officer of The Royal Canadian Regiment.

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Charles Perry Stacey

Colonel Charles Perry Stacey, OC, OBE, CD, FRSC (30 July 1906 – 17 November 1989) was a Canadian historian and university professor.

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Cherbourg-Octeville

Cherbourg-Octeville is a city and former commune situated at the northern end of the Cotentin peninsula in the northwestern French department of Manche.

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Chester Wilmot

Reginald William Winchester Wilmot (21 June 1911 – 10 January 1954) was an Australian war correspondent who reported for the BBC and the Australian Broadcasting Corporation during the Second World War.

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Christian cross

The Christian cross, seen as a representation of the instrument of the crucifixion of Jesus, is the best-known symbol of Christianity.

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Claridge's

Claridge's is a 5-star hotel at the corner of Brook Street and Davies Street in Mayfair, London.

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Colleville-sur-Mer

Colleville-sur-Mer is a commune in the Calvados department in Normandie region in northwestern France.

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Commonwealth of Nations

The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.

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Commonwealth War Graves Commission

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) is an intergovernmental organisation of six independent member states whose principal function is to mark, record and maintain the graves and places of commemoration of Commonwealth of Nations military service members who died in the two World Wars.

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Cornelius Ryan

Cornelius Ryan (5 June 1920 – 23 November 1974) was an Irish journalist and author mainly known for his writings on popular military history, especially his World War II books: ''The Longest Day: 6 June 1944 D-Day'' (1959), ''The Last Battle'' (1966), and ''A Bridge Too Far'' (1974).

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Cotentin Peninsula

The Cotentin Peninsula, also known as the Cherbourg Peninsula, is a peninsula in Normandy that forms part of the northwest coast of France.

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Czechoslovak government-in-exile

The Czechoslovak government-in-exile, sometimes styled officially as the Provisional Government of Czechoslovakia (Czech: Prozatímní státní zřízení československé), was an informal title conferred upon the Czechoslovak National Liberation Committee, initially by British diplomatic recognition.

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D-Day Daily Telegraph crossword security alarm

In 1944, codenames related to the D-Day plans appeared as solutions in crosswords in the popular British newspaper, The Daily Telegraph, which the British Secret Services initially suspected to be a form of espionage.

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D-Day Museum

The D-Day Story (Formerly the D-Day Museum) is located in Southsea, Portsmouth in Hampshire, England.

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Devon

Devon, also known as Devonshire, which was formerly its common and official name, is a county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south.

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Dictionary of National Biography

The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published from 1885.

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Double-Cross System

The Double-Cross System or XX System was a World War II counter-espionage and deception operation of the British Security Service, a civilian organisation usually referred to by its cover title MI5.

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Dutch government-in-exile

The Dutch government in exile (Nederlandse regering in ballingschap), also known as the London Cabinet (Londens cabinet) was the government in exile of the Netherlands, headed by Queen Wilhelmina, that evacuated to London after the German invasion of the country during World War II on 10 May 1940.

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Dwight D. Eisenhower

Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.

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E-boat

E-boat was the Western Allies' designation for the fast attack craft (German: Schnellboot, or S-Boot, meaning "fast boat") of the Kriegsmarine during World War II.

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Eastern Front (World War II)

The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.

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Edgar Feuchtinger

Edgar Feuchtinger (9 November 1894 – 21 January 1960) was a German General (Generalleutnant) during the Second World War.

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Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.

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Elyesa Bazna

Elyesa Bazna, infrequently referred to as Iliaz and Ilyaz Bazna, (28 July 1904 – 21 December 1970), was a secret agent for Nazi Germany during World War II, operating under the code name Cicero.

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Encyclopædia Britannica

The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.

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English Channel

The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.

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Erich Marcks

Erich Marcks (6 June 1891 – 12 June 1944) was a German general in the Wehrmacht during World War II.

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Erwin Rommel

Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.

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Espionage

Espionage or spying, is the act of obtaining secret or confidential information without the permission of the holder of the information.

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Exercise Tiger

Exercise Tiger, or Operation Tiger, was the code name for one in a series of large-scale rehearsals for the D-Day invasion of Normandy, which took place in April 1944 on Slapton Sands in Devon.

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Fan Bingbing

Fan Bingbing (born 16 September 1981) is a Chinese actress, model, television producer, and pop singer.

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First United States Army

The First Army is the oldest and longest established field army of the United States Army, having seen service in both World War I and World War II, under some of the most famous and distinguished officers of the U.S. Army.

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Free Belgian forces

The Free Belgian forces (Forces belges libres, Vrije Belgische Strijdkrachten) were soldiers from Belgium and its colonies who fought as part of the Allied armies during World War II, after the official Belgian surrender to Nazi Germany.

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Free France

Free France and its Free French Forces (French: France Libre and Forces françaises libres) were the government-in-exile led by Charles de Gaulle during the Second World War and its military forces, that continued to fight against the Axis powers as one of the Allies after the fall of France.

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Friedrich Dollmann

Friedrich Karl Albert Dollmann (2 February 188228 JuneReynolds, M: Steel Inferno, p. 163. Dell Publishing, 1997.D'Este, C: Decision in Normandy, pp. 241–242. Penguin Books, 2004. 1944) was a German general during World War II, most notably serving during the early phases of the Allied invasion of Normandy in June 1944.

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Fritz Bayerlein

Fritz Hermann Michael Bayerlein (14 January 1899 – 30 January 1970) was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.

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Fritz Witt

Fritz Witt (27 May 1908 – 14 June 1944) was a German Waffen-SS commander during the Nazi era.

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Full moon

The full moon is the lunar phase when the Moon appears fully illuminated from Earth's perspective.

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Günther Blumentritt

Günther Blumentritt (10 February 1892 – 12 October 1967) was an officer in World War I, who became a Staff Officer under the Weimar Republic and went on to serve as a general for Nazi Germany during World War II.

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Günther von Kluge

Günther von Kluge (30 October 1882 – 19 August 1944) was a German field marshal during World War II.

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General order

A general order, in military and paramilitary organizations, is a published directive, originated by a commander and binding upon all personnel under his or her command.

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George Cross

The George Cross (GC) is the second highest award of the United Kingdom honours system.

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Gerd von Rundstedt

Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt (12 December 1875 – 24 February 1953) was a Field Marshal in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.

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Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Gibraltar

Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula.

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Gold Beach

Gold, commonly known as Gold Beach, was the code name for one of the five areas of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944, during the Second World War.

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Greek government-in-exile

The Greek government-in-exile was the government in exile of Greece formed in the aftermath of the Battle of Greece, and the subsequent occupation of Greece by Nazi Germany and the Fascist Italy.

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Group captain

Group captain is a senior commissioned rank in many air forces.

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Guy Simonds

Lieutenant-General Guy Granville Simonds (April 23, 1903 – May 15, 1974) was a senior Canadian Army officer who served with distinction during World War II, where he commanded the 1st Canadian Infantry Division and II Canadian Corps.

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Hans Speidel

Hans Speidel (28 October 1897 – 28 November 1984) was a German general during the Second World War and the Cold War, who served as Supreme Commander of the NATO ground forces in Central Europe from 1957 to 1963.

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Hans von Luck

Hans–Ulrich Freiherr von Luck und Witten (15 July 1911 – 1 August 1997), usually shortened to Hans von Luck, was a German officer in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.

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Hans von Salmuth

Hans von Salmuth (11 November 1888 – 1 January 1962) was a German general and war criminal during World War II.

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Harry Crerar

General Henry Duncan Graham "Harry" Crerar (April 28, 1888 – April 1, 1965) was a senior officer of the Canadian Army, and became the country's "leading field commander" in the Second World War, where he commanded the First Canadian Army.

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Harry Hinsley

Sir Francis Harry Hinsley OBE (26 November 1918 – 16 February 1998) was an English historian and cryptanalyst.

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Heinz Hellmich

Heinz Hellmich (9 June 1890 – 17 June 1944) was a German general (Generalleutnant) in the Wehrmacht during World War II and a posthumous recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross of Nazi Germany.

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History of the Second World War

The History of the Second World War is the official history of the British contribution to the Second World War and was published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO).

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Hitler Youth

The Hitler Youth (German:, often abbreviated as HJ in German) was the youth organisation of the Nazi Party in Germany.

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Hutchinson (publisher)

Hutchinson began as Hutchinson & Co.

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I Corps (United Kingdom)

I Corps ("First Corps") was an army corps in existence as an active formation in the British Army for most of the 80 years from its creation in the First World War until the end of the Cold War, longer than any other corps.

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Ike: Countdown to D-Day

Ike: Countdown to D-Day is a 2004 American television film originally aired on the American television channel A&E, directed by Robert Harmon and written by Lionel Chetwynd.

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Into the Jaws of Death

Taxis to Hell – and Back – Into the Jaws of Death is a photograph taken on June 6, 1944, by Robert F. Sargent, a chief photographer's mate in the United States Coast Guard.

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J.J. Fedorowicz Publishing

J.J. Fedorowicz Publishing is a Canadian publishing house that specialises in literature on the German armed forces of the World War II era.

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James Garner

James Garner (born James Scott Bumgarner; April 7, 1928 – July 19, 2014) was an American actor, producer, and voice artist.

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James M. Gavin

James Maurice "Jumpin' Jim" Gavin (March 22, 1907 – February 23, 1990) was a senior United States Army officer, with the rank of lieutenant general, who was the third Commanding General (CG) of the 82nd Airborne Division during World War II.

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James Stagg

Group Captain James Martin Stagg, CB, OBE, FRSE (30 June 1900 – 23 June 1975) was a British Royal Air Force meteorologist who notably persuaded General Dwight D. Eisenhower to change the date of the Allied invasion of Europe in World War II, from the 5th of June to the 6th of June 1944.

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Jang Dong-gun

Jang Dong-gun (born March 7, 1972) is a South Korean actor.

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Joe Odagiri

, better known by his stage name, is a Japanese actor and musician.

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John Keegan

Sir John Desmond Patrick Keegan (15 May 1934 – 2 August 2012) was an English military historian, lecturer, writer and journalist.

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Josef Reichert

Josef Reichert (12 December 1891 – 15 March 1970) was a German general during World War II who commanded several divisions.

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Joseph Kessel

Joseph Kessel (10 February 1898 – 23 July 1979) was a French journalist and novelist.

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Juan Pujol García

Juan Pujol García MBE (14 February 1912 – 10 October 1988) was a Spanish citizen who deliberately became a double agent against Nazi Germany during World War II.

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Julie Andrews

Dame Julia Elizabeth Andrews, (born 1 October 1935) is an English actress, singer, and author.

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Juno Beach

Juno or Juno Beach was one of five beaches of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944 during the Second World War.

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Juno Beach Centre

The Juno Beach Centre or, in French, Centre Juno Beach, is a museum located in Courseulles-sur-Mer in the Calvados region of Normandy, France.

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Juno Beach order of battle

This is the Juno Beach order of battle on D-Day.

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Kang Je-gyu

Kang Je-gyu (born December 23, 1962) is a South Korean film director.

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La Cambe German war cemetery

La Cambe is a military war grave cemetery, located close to Bayeux, France.

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Landing craft

Landing craft are small and medium seagoing vessels such as boats, and barges, used to convey a landing force (infantry and vehicles) from the sea to the shore during an amphibious assault.

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Landing Ship, Tank

Landing Ship, Tank (LST), or tank landing ship, is the naval designation for ships built during World War II to support amphibious operations by carrying tanks, vehicles, cargo, and landing troops directly onto shore with no docks or piers.

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Leadership

Leadership is both a research area and a practical skill encompassing the ability of an individual or organization to "lead" or guide other individuals, teams, or entire organizations.

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Lee Marvin

Lee Marvin (February 19, 1924 – August 29, 1987) was an American film and television actor.

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Leo Geyr von Schweppenburg

Leo Freiherr Geyr von Schweppenburg (2 March 1886 – 27 January 1974) was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II, noted for his pioneering stance and expertise in the field of armoured warfare.

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Lionel Chetwynd

Lionel Chetwynd (born January 29, 1940) is an English-born Canadian–American screenwriter, motion picture and television film director and producer.

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Lionel Ellis

Lionel Frederic Ellis CVO CBE DSO MC (13 May 1885 – 19 October 1970) was a British Army officer and military historian, author of three volumes of the official History of the Second World War.

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List of Allied forces in the Normandy Campaign

This is a list of Allied forces in the Normandy Campaign between 6 June-25 August 1944.

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Loire

The Loire (Léger; Liger) is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world.

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Luftwaffe

The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.

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Luxembourg government in exile

The Luxembourgish government in exile (Lëtzebuerger Exil Regierung, Gouvernement en exil luxembourgeois, Luxemburgische Exilregierung), also known as the Luxembourgish government in London, was the government in exile of Luxembourg during the Second World War.

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M. R. D. Foot

Michael Richard Daniell "M.

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Martin Blumenson

Martin Blumenson (8 November 1918–15 April 2005) was an American military historian who served as a historical officer with the Third and Seventh Armies in World War II and later became a prolific author.

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Materiel

Materiel, more commonly matériel in US English and also listed as the only spelling in some UK dictionaries (both pronounced, from French matériel meaning equipment or hardware), refers to military technology and supplies in military and commercial supply chain management.

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Matt Damon

Matthew Paige Damon (born October 8, 1970) is an American actor, film producer and screenwriter.

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Max Hastings

Sir Max Hugh Macdonald Hastings (born 28 December 1945) is a British journalist, who has worked as a foreign correspondent for the BBC, editor-in-chief of The Daily Telegraph, and editor of the Evening Standard.

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Max-Josef Pemsel

Max-Josef Pemsel (15 January 1897 – 30 June 1985) was a Generalleutnant in the German Army during Second World War.

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Michael Howard (historian)

Sir Michael Eliot Howard (born 29 November 1922) is a British military historian, formerly Chichele Professor of the History of War, Emeritus Fellow of All Souls College, Regius Professor of Modern History at Oxford University, Robert A. Lovett Professor of Military and Naval History at Yale University and founder of the Department of War Studies, King's College London.

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Michael O. Varhola

Michael O. Varhola (born September 24, 1966) is an author, publisher, and lecturer.

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Miles Dempsey

General Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey, (15 December 1896 – 5 June 1969) was a senior British Army officer who served in both world wars.

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Military glider

Military gliders (an offshoot of common gliders) have been used by the military of various countries for carrying troops (glider infantry) and heavy equipment to a combat zone, mainly during the Second World War.

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Milton Shulman

Milton Shulman (1 September 1913 – 24 May 2004) was a Canadian author, film and theatre critic who was based in the United Kingdom for the last six decades of his life.

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Miniseries

A miniseries (or mini-series, also known as a serial in the UK) is a television program that tells a story in a predetermined, limited number of episodes.

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Montauban

Montauban (Montalban) is a commune in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in the Occitanie region in southern France.

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Mulberry harbour

Mulberry harbours were temporary portable harbours developed by the United Kingdom during the Second World War to facilitate the rapid offloading of cargo onto beaches during the Allied invasion of Normandy in June 1944.

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My Way (2011 film)

My Way is a 2011 South Korean wartime action drama film by Kang Je-gyu which stars Jang Dong-gun along with Japanese actor Joe Odagiri and Chinese actress Fan Bingbing.

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Napoleon

Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.

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Naval gunfire support

Naval gunfire support (NGFS) (also known as shore bombardment) is the use of naval artillery to provide fire support for amphibious assault and other troops operating within their range.

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No. 224 Squadron RAF

No.

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Non-commissioned officer

A non-commissioned officer (NCO) is a military officer who has not earned a commission.

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Norman Cota

Major General Norman Daniel "Dutch" Cota, Sr. (May 30, 1893 – October 4, 1971) was a senior United States Army officer who fought during World War II.

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Normandy

Normandy (Normandie,, Norman: Normaundie, from Old French Normanz, plural of Normant, originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages) is one of the 18 regions of France, roughly referring to the historical Duchy of Normandy.

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Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial

The Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial (Cimetière américain de Colleville-sur-Mer) is a World War II cemetery and memorial in Colleville-sur-Mer, Normandy, France, that honors American troops who died in Europe during World War II.

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Normandy landings

The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.

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North Africa

North Africa is a collective term for a group of Mediterranean countries and territories situated in the northern-most region of the African continent.

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Nygaardsvold's Cabinet

Nygaardsvold's Cabinet (later becoming the Norwegian government-in-exile) was appointed on 20 March 1935, the second Labour cabinet in Norway.

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OB West

The German Army Command in the West (Oberbefehlshaber West (German: initials OB West) was the overall command of the Westheer, the German Armed Forces on the Western Front during World War II. It was directly subordinate to German Armed Forces High Command. The area under the command of the OB West varied as the war progressed. At its farthest extent it reached the French Atlantic coast. By the end of World War II in Europe it was reduced to commanding troops in Bavaria.

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Oberkommando der Wehrmacht

The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW, "High Command of the Armed Forces") was the High Command of the Wehrmacht (armed forces) of Nazi Germany during World War II.

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Omaha Beach

Omaha, commonly known as Omaha Beach, was the code name for one of the five sectors of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on June 6, 1944, during World War II.

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Omar Bradley

General of the Army Omar Nelson Bradley (February 12, 1893 – April 8, 1981), nicknamed Brad, was a senior officer of the United States Army during and after World War II.

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Operation Fortitude

For the Australian immigration checking operation, see Australian Border Force#Operation Fortitude Operation Fortitude was the code name for a World War II military deception employed by the Allied nations as part of an overall deception strategy (code named Bodyguard) during the build-up to the 1944 Normandy landings.

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Operation Lüttich

Operation Lüttich was a codename given to a German counter-attack during the Battle of Normandy, which took place around the American positions near Mortain from 7 August to 13 August 1944.

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Operation Overlord

Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.

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Operation Pluto

Operation Pluto (Pipe-Lines Under The Ocean) was a Second World War operation by British engineers, oil companies, and the British Armed Forces; to construct undersea oil pipelines under the English Channel between England and France in support of Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of Normandy in June 1944.

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Osprey Publishing

Osprey Publishing is an Oxford-based publishing company specializing in military history.

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Ostlegionen

Ostlegionen ("eastern legions"), Ost-Bataillone ("eastern battalions"), Osttruppen ("eastern troops"), Osteinheiten ("eastern units") were military units in the Heer (army) of Nazi Germany, during World War II that were made up of personnel from countries comprising the Soviet Union.

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Overlord (1975 film)

Overlord is a 1975 black-and-white film written and directed by Stuart Cooper.

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Overlord embroidery

The Overlord Embroidery tells the story of the D-Day Landings of 6 June 1944 and resulting Battle of Normandy.

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Paddy Chayefsky

Sidney Aaron "Paddy" Chayefsky (January 29, 1923 – August 1, 1981) was an American playwright, screenwriter and novelist.

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Panzer Lehr Division

The Panzer Lehr Division was an elite German armoured division during World War II.

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Paratrooper

Paratroopers are military parachutists—military personnel trained in parachuting into an operation and usually functioning as part of an airborne force.

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Pays de Caux

The Pays de Caux is an area in Normandy occupying the greater part of the French département of Seine Maritime in Normandy.

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Pegasus Bridge

Pegasus Bridge is a bascule bridge (a type of movable bridge), that was built in 1934, that crossed the Caen Canal, between Caen and Ouistreham, in Normandy, France.

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Philip Vian

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Philip Louis Vian & Two Bars (15 July 1894 – 27 May 1968) was a Royal Navy officer who served in both World Wars.

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Pointe du Hoc

La Pointe du Hoc is a promontory with a cliff overlooking the English Channel on the north-western coast of Normandy in the Calvados department, France.

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Polish Armed Forces in the West

The Polish Armed Forces in the West refers to the Polish military formations formed to fight alongside the Western Allies against Nazi Germany and its allies during World War II.

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Portsmouth

Portsmouth is a port city in Hampshire, England, mainly on Portsea Island, south-west of London and south-east of Southampton.

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Raymond O. Barton

Major General Raymond Oscar "Tubby" Barton (August 22, 1889 – February 27, 1963) was a career officer in the United States Army and combat commander in World War I and World War II.

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Robert F. Sargent

Robert F. Sargent (August 26, 1923 – 1969) was a United States Coast Guard chief petty officer.

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Robert Harmon

Robert Harmon is an American film and television director.

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Robin Neillands

Robin Hunter Neillands (3 December 1935 – 30 January 2006) was a British writer, born in Glasgow, who specialized in travel and military history.

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Ronald Lewin

George Ronald Lewin CBE (11 October 1914 – 6 January 1984), later known as Ronald Lewin, was a British officer, publishing editor, radio producer and military historian.

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Royal Australian Air Force

The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), formed March 1921, is the aerial warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force (ADF).

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Royal New Zealand Air Force

The Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) (Maori: Te Tauaarangi o Aotearoa, "New Zealand Warriors of the Sky"; previously Te Hokowhitu o Kahurangi, "War Party of the Blue") is the air force component of the New Zealand Defence Force.

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Royal Norwegian Navy

The Royal Norwegian Navy (Norwegian: Sjøforsvaret, "the naval defence (forces)") is the branch of the Norwegian Armed Forces responsible for naval operations of the state of Norway.

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Saint-Lô

Saint-Lô is a commune in north-western France, the capital of the Manche department in the region of Normandy.

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Sainte-Mère-Église

Sainte-Mère-Église is a commune in the Manche department in Normandy in northwestern France.

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Samuel Fuller

Samuel Michael Fuller (August 12, 1912 – October 30, 1997) was an American screenwriter, novelist, and film director known for low-budget, understated genre movies with controversial themes, often made outside the conventional studio system.

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Saving Private Ryan

Saving Private Ryan is a 1998 American epic war film directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Robert Rodat.

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Second Army (United Kingdom)

The British Second Army was a field army active during the First and Second World Wars.

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Seine

The Seine (La Seine) is a river and an important commercial waterway within the Paris Basin in the north of France.

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Simon Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat

Brigadier Simon Christopher Joseph Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat and 4th Baron Lovat, (9 July 1911 in Beaufort Castle, Inverness, Scotland – 16 March 1995 in Beauly, Inverness-shire, Scotland) was the 25th Chief of the Clan Fraser of Lovat and a prominent British Commando during the Second World War.

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Slapton, Devon

Slapton is a village and civil parish in the South Hams district of Devon, England.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Spanish Armada

The Spanish Armada (Grande y Felicísima Armada, literally "Great and Most Fortunate Navy") was a Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from A Coruña in late May 1588, under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia, with the purpose of escorting an army from Flanders to invade England.

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Special Air Service

The Special Air Service (SAS) is a special forces unit of the British Army.

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Star of David

The Star of David (✡), known in Hebrew as the Shield of David or Magen David (Hebrew rtl; Biblical Hebrew Māḡēn Dāwīḏ, Tiberian, Modern Hebrew, Ashkenazi Hebrew and Yiddish Mogein Dovid or Mogen Dovid), is a generally recognized symbol of modern Jewish identity and Judaism.

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Stephen E. Ambrose

Stephen Edward Ambrose (January 10, 1936 – October 13, 2002) was an American historian and biographer of U.S. Presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon.

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Steven Spielberg

Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946) is an American filmmaker.

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Stuart Cooper

Stuart W. Cooper (born 1942 in Hoboken, New Jersey) is an American filmmaker, actor and writer.

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Submarine

A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.

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Supreme Allied Commander

Supreme Allied Commander is the title held by the most senior commander within certain multinational military alliances.

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Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force

Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) was the headquarters of the Commander of Allied forces in north west Europe, from late 1943 until the end of World War II.

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Sword Beach

Sword, commonly known as Sword Beach, was the code name given to one of the five main landing areas along the Normandy coast during the initial assault phase, Operation Neptune, of Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of German-occupied France that commenced on 6 June 1944.

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The Americanization of Emily

The Americanization of Emily is a 1964 American black-and-white romantic dark comedy-drama war film written by Paddy Chayefsky, produced by Martin Ransohoff, directed by Arthur Hiller, and starring James Garner, Julie Andrews, Melvyn Douglas, and James Coburn.

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The Big Red One

The Big Red One is a 1980 epic war film written and directed by Samuel Fuller starring Lee Marvin alongside an ensemble supporting cast including Mark Hamill, Robert Carradine, Siegfried Rauch, Bobby Di Cicco, and Kelly Ward.

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The Longest Day (book)

The Longest Day is a book by Cornelius Ryan published in 1959, telling the story of D-Day, the first day of the World War II invasion of Normandy.

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The Longest Day (film)

The Longest Day is a 1962 epic war film based on Cornelius Ryan's 1959 book The Longest Day (1959), about the D-Day landings at Normandy on June 6, 1944, during World War II.

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The World at War

The World at War (1973–74) is a 26-episode British television documentary series chronicling the events of the Second World War.

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Theodore Roosevelt Jr.

Theodore "Ted" Roosevelt III (September 13, 1887 – July 12, 1944), known as Theodore Roosevelt Jr.,While it was President Theodore Roosevelt who was legally named Theodore Roosevelt Jr., the President's fame made it simpler to call his son "Junior".

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Thouars

Thouars is a commune in the Deux-Sèvres department in western France.

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Tom Hanks

Thomas Jeffrey Hanks (born July 9, 1956) is an American actor and filmmaker.

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Trafford Leigh-Mallory

Air Chief Marshal Sir Trafford Leigh-Mallory, (11 July 1892 – 14 November 1944) was a senior commander in the Royal Air Force.

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Ultra

Ultra was the designation adopted by British military intelligence in June 1941 for wartime signals intelligence obtained by breaking high-level encrypted enemy radio and teleprinter communications at the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) at Bletchley Park.

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United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Army Center of Military History

The United States Army Center of Military History (CMH) is a directorate within the Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army.

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United States Coast Guard

The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the country's seven uniformed services.

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Utah Beach

Utah, commonly known as Utah Beach, was the code name for one of the five sectors of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on June 6, 1944 (D-Day), during World War II.

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V Corps (United States)

V Corps was a regular corps of the United States Army during World War I, World War II, Cold War, Kosovo, and War on Terrorism.

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Victoria Cross

The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.

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VII Corps (United States)

The VII Corps of the United States Army was one of the two principal corps of the United States Army Europe during the Cold War.

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Walter Bedell Smith

General Walter Bedell "Beetle" Smith (5 October 1895 – 9 August 1961) was a senior officer of the United States Army who served as General Dwight D. Eisenhower's chief of staff at Allied Forces Headquarters (AFHQ) during the Tunisia Campaign and the Allied invasion of Italy in 1943 during World War II.

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Warship

A warship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare.

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Werner Ostendorff

Werner Ostendorff (15 August 1903 – 1 May 1945) was a German SS-general during World War II who served as chief of staff of the II SS Panzer Corps and divisional commander of the SS Division Das Reich.

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Wilhelm Keitel

Wilhelm Keitel (22 September 1882 – 16 October 1946) was a German field marshal who served as Chief of the Armed Forces High Command (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht or OKW) in Nazi Germany during World War II.

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William the Conqueror

William I (c. 1028Bates William the Conqueror p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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XXX Corps (United Kingdom)

XXX Corps (30 Corps) was a corps of the British Army during the Second World War.

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101st Airborne Division

The 101st Airborne Division ("Screaming Eagles") is an elite modular specialized light infantry division of the US Army.

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10th SS Panzer Division Frundsberg

The 10th SS Panzer Division "Frundsberg" (10.) was a German Waffen SS armoured division during World War II.

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116th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

The 116th Panzer Division, also known as the "Windhund (Greyhound) Division", was a German armoured formation that saw combat during World War II.

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11th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

The 11th Panzer Division (11th Tank Division) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II, established in 1940.

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12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend

12th SS Panzer Division "Hitlerjugend" (12.) was a German armoured division of the Waffen-SS during World War II.

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16th Infantry Regiment (United States)

The 16th Infantry Regiment ("Semper Paratus") is a regiment in the United States Army.

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17th SS Panzergrenadier Division Götz von Berlichingen

The 17th SS Panzergrenadier Division "Götz von Berlichingen" (17.) was a German Waffen-SS division that saw action on the Western Front during World War II.

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19th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

The 19th Panzer Division (19th Tank Division) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II.

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1st Infantry Division (United States)

The 1st Infantry Division is a combined arms division of the United States Army, and is the oldest continuously serving in the Regular Army.

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1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler

The 1st SS Panzer Division "Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler", short LSSAH, (1.) began as Adolf Hitler's personal bodyguard, responsible for guarding the Führer's person, offices, and residences.

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21st Army Group

The 21st Army Group was a World War II British headquarters formation, in command of two field armies and other supporting units, consisting primarily of the British Second Army and the First Canadian Army.

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21st Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

The 21st Panzer Division was a German armoured division best known for its role in the battles of the North African Campaign from 1941–1943 during World War II when it was one of the two armoured divisions making up the Deutsches Afrikakorps (DAK).

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243rd Static Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 243rd Static Infantry Division was an infantry division of the German Army raised in July 1943.

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27th Armoured Brigade

The 27th Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army that served in World War II and played a crucial role in the D-Day landings on 6 June 1944 and the following Battle of Normandy until disbandment in late 1944.

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29th Infantry Division (United States)

The 29th Infantry Division (29th I.D.), also known as the "Blue and Gray", is an infantry division of the United States Army based in Fort Belvoir, Virginia.

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2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade

The 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the Canadian Army that saw active service during World War II.

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2nd Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

The 2nd Panzer Division (2nd Tank Division) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II.

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2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich

The 2nd SS Panzer Division "Das Reich" (2. SS-Panzerdivision "Das Reich".) was one of 38 divisions of the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany during World War II.

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352nd Infantry Division

The 352nd Infantry Division (352. Infanterie-Division) was an infantry division of the German Army during World War II.

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3rd Division (United Kingdom)

The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division, known at various times as the Iron Division, 3rd (Iron) Division, Monty's Iron Sides or as Iron Sides;Delaforce is a regular army division of the British Army.

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4th Infantry Division (United States)

The 4th Infantry Division is a division of the United States Army based at Fort Carson, Colorado.

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50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division

The 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that saw distinguished service in the Second World War.

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5th Panzer Army

The 5th Panzer Army, also known as Panzer Group West and Panzer Group Eberbach (German: 5.Panzer-Armee, Panzergruppe West, Panzergruppe Eberbach) was a panzer army which saw action in the Western Front and North Africa.

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6th Airborne Division (United Kingdom)

The 6th Airborne Division was an airborne infantry division of the British Army during the Second World War.

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709th Static Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 709th Static Infantry Division was a German Army infantry division in World War II.

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711th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 711th Infantry Division (German: 711. Infanteriedivision) was a German Army infantry division in World War II.

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716th Static Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 716th Static Infantry Division (German: 716. Infanterie-Division) was a World War II, German Army infantry division.

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79th Armoured Division (United Kingdom)

The 79th Armoured Division was a specialist armoured division of the British Army created during World War II.

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7th Army (Wehrmacht)

The 7th Army was a World War II field army of the German land forces.

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82nd Airborne Division

The 82nd Airborne Division is an airborne infantry division of the United States Army, specializing in parachute assault operations into denied areas.

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8th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 8th Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army formed in August 1941, during the Second World War and active until 1956.

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91st Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 91st Air Landing Division (German 91. Luftlande-Infanterie-Division) was a German Army infantry division in World War II.

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9th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

The 9th Panzer Division was a panzer division of the Wehrmacht Army during World War II.

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9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen

The 9th SS Panzer Division "Hohenstaufen" (9. SS-Panzerdivision "Hohenstaufen".) was a Waffen-SS armoured division of Nazi Germany during World War II.

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Redirects here:

1944 D-Day, 1944 D-Day Operation Overlord, Allied invasion of Normandy, Battle of Normandy leaders, D-Day World War 2, D-Day World War II, D-Day and the Paratroopers, Deliverance Day, Invasion of Europe, LIst of Battle of Normandy leaders, List of Battle of Normandy leaders, Normandy Invasion, Normandy Landing, Normandy beachhead, Normandy invasion, Northern France Campaign, Northern France Campaign (1944), Operation OVERLORD, Operation Overlord: D-Day, Operation over-lord, The Battle of Normandy Leaders, The Battle of Normandy leaders, The battle of Normandy, The battle of normandy leaders.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Invasion_of_Normandy

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