20 relations: Agonist, Agouti signalling peptide, Agouti-related peptide, Anxiogenic, Benzodiazepine, Beta-Carboline, Convulsion, GABAA receptor, Intrinsic activity, Ligand (biochemistry), Melanocortin 1 receptor, Melanocortin 4 receptor, Naloxone, Naltrexone, Opioid antagonist, Pharmacology, Receptor (biochemistry), Receptor antagonist, Ro15-4513, Sedative.
An agonist is a chemical that binds to a receptor and activates the receptor to produce a biological response.
Agouti signalling peptide, a product of the Agouti gene, is a peptide consisting of 131 amino acids.
Agouti-related protein (AgRP), also called agouti-related peptide, is a neuropeptide produced in the brain by the AgRP/NPY neuron.
An anxiogenic or panicogenic substance is one that causes anxiety.
Benzodiazepines (BZD, BZs), sometimes called "benzos", are a class of psychoactive drugs whose core chemical structure is the fusion of a benzene ring and a diazepine ring.
β-Carboline (9H-pyridoindole), also known as norharmane, is a nitrogen containing heterocycle.
A convulsion is a medical condition where body muscles contract and relax rapidly and repeatedly, resulting in an uncontrolled shaking of the body.
The GABAA receptor (GABAAR) is an ionotropic receptor and ligand-gated ion channel.
Intrinsic activity (IA) or efficacy refers to the relative ability of a drug-receptor complex to produce a maximum functional response.
In biochemistry and pharmacology, a ligand is a substance that forms a complex with a biomolecule to serve a biological purpose.
The melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R), also known as melanocyte-stimulating hormone receptor (MSHR), melanin-activating peptide receptor, or melanotropin receptor, is a G protein–coupled receptor that binds to a class of pituitary peptide hormones known as the melanocortins, which include adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and the different forms of melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH).
Melanocortin 4 receptor is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MC4R gene.
Naloxone, sold under the brandname Narcan among others, is a medication used to block the effects of opioids, especially in overdose.
Naltrexone, sold under the brand names ReVia and Vivitrol among others, is a medication primarily used to manage alcohol or opioid dependence.
An opioid antagonist, or opioid receptor antagonist, is a receptor antagonist that acts on one or more of the opioid receptors.
Pharmacology is the branch of biology concerned with the study of drug action, where a drug can be broadly defined as any man-made, natural, or endogenous (from within body) molecule which exerts a biochemical or physiological effect on the cell, tissue, organ, or organism (sometimes the word pharmacon is used as a term to encompass these endogenous and exogenous bioactive species).
In biochemistry and pharmacology, a receptor is a protein molecule that receives chemical signals from outside a cell.
A receptor antagonist is a type of receptor ligand or drug that blocks or dampens a biological response by binding to and blocking a receptor rather than activating it like an agonist.
Ro15-4513 is a weak partial inverse agonist of the benzodiazepine class of drugs, developed by Hoffmann–La Roche in the 1980s.
A sedative or tranquilliser is a substance that induces sedation by reducing irritability or excitement.