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Investment

Index Investment

In general, to invest is to allocate money (or sometimes another resource, such as time) in the expectation of some benefit in the future – for example, investment in durable goods, in real estate by the service industry, in factories for manufacturing, in product development, and in research and development. [1]

82 relations: Alternative investment, Amazon (company), Arbitrage, Asset, Bank, Benjamin Graham, Capital (economics), Capital accumulation, Capital expenditure, Capital gain, Capital gains tax, Capital structure, Code of Hammurabi, David Dodd, Debt, Debt-to-equity ratio, Deposit account, Diversification (finance), Dividend, Dollar cost averaging, Due diligence, Durable good, Earnings, Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization, Earnings per share, Edward O. Thorp, Emerging markets, Factory, Finance, Financial asset, Financial capital, Forbes, Forbes 400, Foreign direct investment, Free cash flow, Fundamental analysis, Fundamental Analysis Software, Google, Government bond, Hedge fund, Insurance, Interest, Intermediary, Investment strategy, Investment trust, Kelly criterion, List of countries by gross fixed investment as percentage of GDP, Market sentiment, Market timing, Mergers and acquisitions, ..., Microsoft, Mortgage investment corporation, New product development, Outline of economics, P/B ratio, Portfolio (finance), Price–earnings ratio, Profit (accounting), Rate of return, Real estate, Real versus nominal value (economics), Research and development, Risk, Saving, Secondary sector of the economy, Security analysis, SICAV, Socially responsible investing, Specialized investment fund, Speculation, Statistics, Stock, Technical analysis, Tertiary sector of the economy, Time, Time value of money, Traditional investments, Unit trust, Volatility (finance), Wall Street Crash of 1929, Warren Buffett, Working capital. Expand index (32 more) »

Alternative investment

An alternative investment or alternative investment fund (AIF) is an investment in asset classes other than stocks, bonds, and cash.

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Amazon (company)

Amazon.com, Inc., doing business as Amazon, is an American electronic commerce and cloud computing company based in Seattle, Washington that was founded by Jeff Bezos on July 5, 1994.

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Arbitrage

In economics and finance, arbitrage is the practice of taking advantage of a price difference between two or more markets: striking a combination of matching deals that capitalize upon the imbalance, the profit being the difference between the market prices.

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Asset

In financial accounting, an asset is an economic resource.

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Bank

A bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and creates credit.

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Benjamin Graham

Benjamin Graham (né Grossbaum; May 9, 1894 – September 21, 1976) was a British-born American investor, economist, and professor.

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Capital (economics)

In economics, capital consists of an asset that can enhance one's power to perform economically useful work.

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Capital accumulation

Capital accumulation (also termed the accumulation of capital) is the dynamic that motivates the pursuit of profit, involving the investment of money or any financial asset with the goal of increasing the initial monetary value of said asset as a financial return whether in the form of profit, rent, interest, royalties or capital gains.

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Capital expenditure

Capital expenditure or capital expense (capex) is the money a company spends to buy, maintain, or improve its fixed assets, such as buildings, vehicles, equipment, or land.

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Capital gain

A capital gain refers to profit that results from a sale of a capital asset, such as stock, bond or real estate, where the sale price exceeds the purchase price.

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Capital gains tax

A capital gains tax (CGT) is a tax on capital gains, the profit realized on the sale of a non-inventory asset that was greater than the amount realized on the sale.

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Capital structure

In finance, particularly corporate finance capital structure is the way a corporation finances its assets through some combination of equity, debt, or hybrid securities.

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Code of Hammurabi

The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian code of law of ancient Mesopotamia, dated back to about 1754 BC (Middle Chronology).

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David Dodd

David LeFevre Dodd (August 23, 1895 – September 18, 1988) was an American educator, financial analyst, author, economist, professional investor, and in his student years, a of, and as a postgraduate, close colleague of Benjamin Graham at Columbia Business School.

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Debt

Debt is when something, usually money, is owed by one party, the borrower or debtor, to a second party, the lender or creditor.

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Debt-to-equity ratio

The debt-to-equity ratio (D/E) is a financial ratio indicating the relative proportion of shareholders' equity and debt used to finance a company's assets.

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Deposit account

A deposit account is a savings account, current account or any other type of bank account that allows money to be deposited and withdrawn by the account holder.

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Diversification (finance)

In finance, diversification is the process of allocating capital in a way that reduces the exposure to any one particular asset or risk.

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Dividend

A dividend is a payment made by a corporation to its shareholders, usually as a distribution of profits.

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Dollar cost averaging

Dollar cost averaging (DCA) is an investment strategy with the goal of reducing the impact of volatility on large purchases of financial assets such as equities.

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Due diligence

Due diligence is an investigation of a business or person prior to signing a contract, or an act with a certain standard of care.

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Durable good

In economics, a durable good or a hard good is a good that does not quickly wear out, or more specifically, one that yields utility over time rather than being completely consumed in one use.

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Earnings

Earnings are the net benefits of a corporation's operation.

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Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization

A company's earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (commonly abbreviated EBITDA, pronounced,, or) is an accounting measure calculated using a company's net earnings, before interest expenses, taxes, depreciation, and amortization are subtracted, as a proxy for a company's current operating profitability (i.e., how much profit it makes with its present assets and its operations on the products it produces and sells, as well as providing a proxy for cash flow).

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Earnings per share

Earnings per share (EPS) is the monetary value of earnings per outstanding share of common stock for a company.

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Edward O. Thorp

Edward Oakley Thorp (born August 14, 1932) is an American mathematics professor, author, hedge fund manager, and blackjack player.

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Emerging markets

An emerging market is a country that has some characteristics of a developed market, but does not meet standards to be a developed market.

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Factory

A factory or manufacturing plant is an industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operate machines processing one product into another.

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Finance

Finance is a field that is concerned with the allocation (investment) of assets and liabilities (known as elements of the balance statement) over space and time, often under conditions of risk or uncertainty.

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Financial asset

A financial asset is a non-physical asset whose value is derived from a contractual claim, such as bank deposits, bonds, and stocks.

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Financial capital

Financial capital is any economic resource measured in terms of money used by entrepreneurs and businesses to buy what they need to make their products or to provide their services to the sector of the economy upon which their operation is based, i.e. retail, corporate, investment banking, etc.

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Forbes

Forbes is an American business magazine.

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Forbes 400

The Forbes 400 or 400 Richest Americans is a list published by Forbes magazine of the wealthiest 400 American residents, ranked by net worth.

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Foreign direct investment

A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country.

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Free cash flow

In corporate finance, free cash flow (FCF) or free cash flow to firm (FCFF) is a way of looking at a business's cash flow to see what is available for distribution among all the securities holders of a corporate entity.

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Fundamental analysis

Fundamental analysis, in accounting and finance, is the analysis of a business's financial statements (usually to analyze the business's assets, liabilities, and earnings); health; and its competitors and markets.

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Fundamental Analysis Software

Fundamental analysis software automates analysis that supports fundamental analysts in their review of a company's financial statements and valuation.

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Google

Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.

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Government bond

A government bond or sovereign bond is a bond issued by a national government, generally with a promise to pay periodic interest payments and to repay the face value on the maturity date.

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Hedge fund

A hedge fund is an investment fund that pools capital from accredited individuals or institutional investors and invests in a variety of assets, often with complex portfolio-construction and risk-management techniques.

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Insurance

Insurance is a means of protection from financial loss.

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Interest

Interest is payment from a borrower or deposit-taking financial institution to a lender or depositor of an amount above repayment of the principal sum (i.e., the amount borrowed), at a particular rate.

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Intermediary

An intermediary (or go-between) is a third party that offers intermediation services between two parties.

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Investment strategy

In finance, an investment strategy is a set of rules, behaviors or procedures, designed to guide an investor's selection of an investment portfolio.

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Investment trust

An investment trust is a form of collective investment found mostly in the United Kingdom.

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Kelly criterion

In probability theory and intertemporal portfolio choice, the Kelly criterion, Kelly strategy, Kelly formula, or Kelly bet is a formula used to determine the optimal size of a series of bets in order to maximise the logarithm of wealth.

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List of countries by gross fixed investment as percentage of GDP

This is the list of countries by gross fixed investment as percentage of GDP.

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Market sentiment

Market sentiment (also investor attention) is the general prevailing attitude of investors as to anticipated price development in a market.

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Market timing

Market timing is the strategy of making buy or sell decisions of financial assets (often stocks) by attempting to predict future market price movements.

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Mergers and acquisitions

Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are transactions in which the ownership of companies, other business organizations, or their operating units are transferred or consolidated with other entities.

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Microsoft

Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.

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Mortgage investment corporation

Requires updating to reflect the current Income Tax Act and the growth of MICs that trade on the TSX.

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New product development

In business and engineering, new product development (NPD) covers the complete process of bringing a new product to market.

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Outline of economics

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to economics: Economics – analyzes the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.

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P/B ratio

The price-to-book ratio, or P/B ratio, is a financial ratio used to compare a company's current market price to its book value.

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Portfolio (finance)

In finance, a portfolio is a collection of investments held by an investment company, hedge fund, financial institution or individual.

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Price–earnings ratio

The price/earnings ratio (often shortened to the P/E ratio or the PER) is the ratio of a company's stock price to the company's earnings per share.

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Profit (accounting)

Profit, in accounting, is an income distributed to the owner in a profitable market production process (business).

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Rate of return

In finance, return is a profit on an investment.

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Real estate

Real estate is "property consisting of land and the buildings on it, along with its natural resources such as crops, minerals or water; immovable property of this nature; an interest vested in this (also) an item of real property, (more generally) buildings or housing in general.

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Real versus nominal value (economics)

In economics, a real value of a good or other entity has been adjusted for inflation, enabling comparison of quantities as if prices had not changed.

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Research and development

Research and development (R&D, R+D, or R'n'D), also known in Europe as research and technological development (RTD), refers to innovative activities undertaken by corporations or governments in developing new services or products, or improving existing services or products.

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Risk

Risk is the potential of gaining or losing something of value.

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Saving

Saving is income not spent, or deferred consumption.

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Secondary sector of the economy

The secondary sector of the economy includes industries that produce a finished, usable product or are involved in construction.

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Security analysis

Security analysis is the analysis of tradeable financial instruments called securities.It deals with finding the proper value of individual securities(i.e stocks and bonds).

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SICAV

A SICAV is an open-ended collective investment scheme common in Western Europe, especially Luxembourg, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Belgium, Malta, France, and the Czech Republic.

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Socially responsible investing

Socially responsible investing (SRI), or social investment, also known as sustainable, socially conscious, "green" or ethical investing, is any investment strategy which seeks to consider both financial return and social/environmental good to bring about a positive change.

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Specialized investment fund

A specialized investment fund or SIF is a lightly regulated and tax-efficient regulatory regime aimed for a broader range of eligible investors.

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Speculation

Speculation is the purchase of an asset (a commodity, goods, or real estate) with the hope that it will become more valuable at a future date.

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Statistics

Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.

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Stock

The stock (also capital stock) of a corporation is constituted of the equity stock of its owners.

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Technical analysis

In finance, technical analysis is an analysis methodology for forecasting the direction of prices through the study of past market data, primarily price and volume.

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Tertiary sector of the economy

The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory.

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Time

Time is the indefinite continued progress of existence and events that occur in apparently irreversible succession from the past through the present to the future.

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Time value of money

The time value of money is the greater benefit of receiving money now rather than later.

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Traditional investments

In finance, the notion of traditional investments refers to putting money into well-known assets (such as bonds, cash, real estate, and equity shares) with the expectation of capital appreciation, dividends, and interest earnings.

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Unit trust

A unit trust is a form of collective investment constituted under a trust deed.

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Volatility (finance)

In finance, volatility (symbol σ) is the degree of variation of a trading price series over time as measured by the standard deviation of logarithmic returns.

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Wall Street Crash of 1929

The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday (October 29), the Great Crash, or the Stock Market Crash of 1929, began on October 24, 1929 ("Black Thursday"), and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States, when taking into consideration the full extent and duration of its after effects.

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Warren Buffett

Warren Edward Buffett (born August 30, 1930) is an American business magnate, investor, and philanthropist who serves as the chairman and CEO of Berkshire Hathaway.

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Working capital

Working capital (abbreviated WC) is a financial metric which represents operating liquidity available to a business, organisation or other entity, including governmental entities.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Investment

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