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Ionotropic glutamate receptor

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Ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs) are ligand-gated ion channels that are activated by the neurotransmitter glutamate. [1]

37 relations: AMPA receptor, Biological membrane, Central nervous system, Chemical synapse, Glutamic acid, GRIA1, GRIA2, GRIA3, GRIA4, GRID1, GRID2, GRIK1, GRIK2, GRIK3, GRIK4, GRIK5, GRIN1, GRIN2A, GRIN2B, GRIN2C, GRIN2D, GRIN3A, GRIN3B, Ion, Ion channel, Kainate receptor, Learning, Ligand-gated ion channel, Magnesium, Memory, Neurotransmitter, NMDA receptor, Pharmacology, Sequence (biology), Sodium, Synapse, Synaptic plasticity.

AMPA receptor

The α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (also known as AMPA receptor, AMPAR, or quisqualate receptor) is an ionotropic transmembrane receptor for glutamate that mediates fast synaptic transmission in the central nervous system (CNS).

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Biological membrane

A biological membrane or biomembrane is an enclosing or separating membrane that acts as a selectively permeable barrier within living things.

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Central nervous system

The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.

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Chemical synapse

Chemical synapses are biological junctions through which neurons' signals can be exchanged to each other and to non-neuronal cells such as those in muscles or glands.

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Christmas

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Christmas and holiday season

The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.

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Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

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Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions vary from country to country.

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Glutamic acid

Glutamic acid (symbol Glu or E) is an α-amino acid with formula.

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GRIA1

Glutamate receptor 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRIA1 gene.

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GRIA2

Glutamate ionotropic receptor AMPA type subunit 2 (ionotropic glutamate receptor 2) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRIA2 (or GLUR2) gene.

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GRIA3

Glutamate receptor 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRIA3 gene.

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GRIA4

Glutamate receptor 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRIA4 gene.

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GRID1

Glutamate receptor delta-1 subunit also known as GluD1 or GluRδ1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRID1 gene.

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GRID2

Glutamate receptor, ionotropic, delta 2, also known as GluD2, GluRδ2, or δ2, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRID2 gene.

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GRIK1

Glutamate receptor, ionotropic, kainate 1, also known as GRIK1, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRIK1 gene.

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GRIK2

Glutamate ionotropic receptor kainate type subunit 2 (ionotropic glutamate receptor 6) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRIK2 (or GLUR6) gene.

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GRIK3

Glutamate receptor, ionotropic kainate 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRIK3 gene.

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GRIK4

GRIK4 (glutamate receptor, ionotropic, kainate 4) is a kainate receptor subtype belonging to the family of ligand-gated ion channels which is encoded by the gene.

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GRIK5

Glutamate receptor, ionotropic kainate 5 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRIK5 gene.

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GRIN1

Glutamate receptor subunit zeta-1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRIN1 gene.

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GRIN2A

Glutamate receptor subunit epsilon-1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRIN2A gene.

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GRIN2B

Glutamate receptor subunit epsilon-2, also known as N-methyl D-aspartate receptor subtype 2B (NMDAR2B or NR2B), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRIN2B gene.

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GRIN2C

Glutamate receptor subunit epsilon-3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRIN2C gene.

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GRIN2D

Glutamate receptor subunit epsilon-4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRIN2D gene.

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GRIN3A

Glutamate receptor subunit 3A is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRIN3A gene.

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GRIN3B

Glutamate receptor subunit 3B is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRIN3B gene.

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Ion

An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).

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Ion channel

Ion channels are pore-forming membrane proteins that allow ions to pass through the channel pore.

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Kainate receptor

Kainate receptors, or kainic acid receptors (KARs), are ionotropic receptors that respond to the neurotransmitter glutamate.

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Learning

Learning is the process of acquiring new or modifying existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences.

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Ligand-gated ion channel

Ligand-gated ion channels (LICs, LGIC), also commonly referred as ionotropic receptors, are a group of transmembrane ion-channel proteins which open to allow ions such as Na+, K+, Ca2+, and/or Cl− to pass through the membrane in response to the binding of a chemical messenger (i.e. a ligand), such as a neurotransmitter.

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Magnesium

Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.

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Memory

Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.

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Neurotransmitter

Neurotransmitters are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission.

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NMDA receptor

The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (also known as the NMDA receptor or NMDAR), is a glutamate receptor and ion channel protein found in nerve cells.

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New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

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New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

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New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

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Pharmacology

Pharmacology is the branch of biology concerned with the study of drug action, where a drug can be broadly defined as any man-made, natural, or endogenous (from within body) molecule which exerts a biochemical or physiological effect on the cell, tissue, organ, or organism (sometimes the word pharmacon is used as a term to encompass these endogenous and exogenous bioactive species).

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Sequence (biology)

A sequence in biology is the one-dimensional ordering of monomers, covalently linked within a biopolymer; it is also referred to as the primary structure of the biological macromolecule.

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Sodium

Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.

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Synapse

In the nervous system, a synapse is a structure that permits a neuron (or nerve cell) to pass an electrical or chemical signal to another neuron or to the target efferent cell.

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Synaptic plasticity

In neuroscience, synaptic plasticity is the ability of synapses to strengthen or weaken over time, in response to increases or decreases in their activity.

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2018

2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

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2019

2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

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Glutamate-gated ion channel family, IGluR, IGluRs, Ionotropic glutamate receptors.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ionotropic_glutamate_receptor

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