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Iranian legislative election, 2012

Index Iranian legislative election, 2012

The parliamentary election for the 9th Islamic Consultative Assembly, or Majlis, were held in Iran on Friday, 2 March 2012 with a second round on 4 May 2012 in those 65 districts where no candidate received 25% or more of the votes cast. [1]

74 relations: Ahmad Jannati, Al Jazeera, Ali Khamenei, Ali Kordan, Ali Larijani, Ali Motahari, Ali-Mohammad Gharbiani, Assembly of Experts, Assembly of Qom Seminary Scholars and Researchers, Associated Press, Association of Combatant Clerics, BBC Persian Television, Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Council for Coordinating the Reforms Front, Democracy Party (Iran), Development and Justice Party, Deviant current, Electoral district, Electoral list, Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei, Financial Times, Front of Followers of the Line of the Imam and the Leader, Front of Islamic Revolution Stability, Front of Transformationalist Principlists, Green Party (Iran), Guardian Council, Hosseiniyeh Ershad, Insight and Islamic Awakening Front, Iran, Iranian legislative election, 2004, Iranian legislative election, 2008, Iranian presidential election, 2005, Iranian Principlists, Iranian Reformists, Islamic Consultative Assembly, Islamic Iran Participation Front, Islamic republic, Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, Judicial system of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Mehdi Karroubi, Ministry of Interior (Iran), Mir-Hossein Mousavi, Mohammad Khatami, Mohammad-Taqi Mesbah-Yazdi, Mohsen Rezaee, Monotheism and Justice Front, Mostafa Kavakebian, Neil MacFarquhar, North Khorasan Province, ..., People's Voice (Iran), President of Iran, Presidential Administration of Iran, Provinces of Iran, Qom (electoral district), Reformists Front, Resistance Front of Islamic Iran, Roozonline, Semnan County, Shah, Shahabedin Sadr, Sharia, Stratfor, Supporters of Justice Discourse of Islamic Revolution, Supreme Leader of Iran, Tehran, Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr (electoral district), The New York Times, The Two Societies, Today's Zaman, United Front of Principlists, Worker House, 2009 Iranian presidential election protests, 9th legislature of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Expand index (24 more) »

Ahmad Jannati

Ayatollah Ahmad Jannati (احمد جنتی, born 23 February 1927) is an Iranian Shi'i cleric and a conservative politician.

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Al Jazeera

Al Jazeera (translit,, literally "The Island", though referring to the Arabian Peninsula in context), also known as JSC (Jazeera Satellite Channel), is a state-funded broadcaster in Doha, Qatar, owned by the Al Jazeera Media Network.

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Ali Khamenei

Sayyid Ali Hosseini Khamenei (سید علی حسینی خامنه‌ای,; born 17 July 1939) is a ''marja'' and the second and current Supreme Leader of Iran, in office since 1989.

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Ali Kordan

Ali Kordan (23 October 1958 – 22 November 2009) was an Iranian conservative politician who served in the Revolutionary Guards, the judiciary and as deputy oil minister, before becoming interior minister of Iran in 2008 for just 90 days.

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Ali Larijani

Ali Larijani (علی لاریجانی,; born 3 June 1957) is an Iranian conservative politician, philosopher and former military officer who has been Speaker of the Parliament of Iran since 2008.

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Ali Motahari

Ali Motahari (علی مطهری; born 26 January 1958) is an Iranian conservative politician who represents Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr electoral district in the Parliament of Iran since 2008 and is current Second Deputy of the Parliament of Iran serving since 2016.

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Ali-Mohammad Gharbiani

Ali-Mohammad Gharbiani (علی‌محمد غربیانی) is an Iranian engineer and reformist politician who formerly represented Ardabil, Nir, Namin and Sareyn electoral district in the Iranian Parliament during the second, third, fourth and sixth terms and also served as the former governor of West Azerbaijan province is from 1997 to 1998.

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Assembly of Experts

The Assembly of Experts (Majles-e Khobregān-e Rahbari) —also translated as the Assembly of Experts of the Leadership or as the Council of Experts— is the deliberative body empowered to designate and dismiss the Supreme Leader of Iran.

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Assembly of Qom Seminary Scholars and Researchers

The Assembly of Qom Seminary Scholars and Researchers (also Association of Researchers and Teachers of Qom).

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Associated Press

The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.

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Association of Combatant Clerics

The Association of Combatant Clerics (majma'-e rowhāniyūn-e mobārez) is an Iranian reformist clerical political party.

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BBC Persian Television

BBC Persian Television (تلویزیون فارسی بی‌بی‌سی) is the BBC's Persian language news channel that was launched on 14 January 2009.

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Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran

The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran was adopted by referendum on 2 and 3 December 1979, and went into force replacing the Constitution of 1906.

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Council for Coordinating the Reforms Front

The Council for Coordinating the Reforms Front or the Reformist Front Coordination Council (شورای هماهنگی جبهه اصلاحات) is the umbrella organization, coalition and council of main political groups within the Iranian reform movement.

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Democracy Party (Iran)

The Democracy Party of Iran (حزب مردم‌سالاری) is an Iranian reformist political party that split from the Islamic Iran Solidarity Party in 2000.

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Development and Justice Party

Development and Justice Party of Islamic Iran or Islamic Iran Development and Justice Party (حزب توسعه و عدالت ایران اسلامی) is a conservative political party in Iran, with a claimed goal of "increasing public participation in politics".

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Deviant current

The "Deviant current" or "Current of deviation" (Jarīān-e Enherāfī) is a term used by Iranian officials (e.g. high-ranking clerics, Revolutionary Guards commanders) and conservative rivals of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to describe Ahmadinejad's entourage which functions like a faction or party.

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Electoral district

An electoral district, (election) precinct, election district, or legislative district, called a voting district by the US Census (also known as a constituency, riding, ward, division, electoral area, or electorate) is a territorial subdivision for electing members to a legislative body.

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Electoral list

An electoral list is a grouping of candidates for election, usually in proportional election systems, but also in some plurality election systems.

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Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei

Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei (اسفندیار رحیم‌مشایی; born 16 November 1960) is an Iranian politician and former intelligence officer.

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Financial Times

The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.

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Front of Followers of the Line of the Imam and the Leader

Front of Followers of the Line of the Imam and the Leader (جبهه پیروان خط امام (ره) و رهبری), formerly known as Islamic Aligned Organizations (تشکل‌های اسلامی همسو) is a Coalition of Iranian Principlist political groups.

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Front of Islamic Revolution Stability

Front of Islamic Revolution Stability (Jebha-ye pāydārī-e enqelāb-e eslāmī, also translated Persevering Front, Endurance Front and Steadfast Front) is an Iranian principlist political group described as "extreme end of the fundamentalist camp" and "Iran’s most right-wing party".

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Front of Transformationalist Principlists

Front of Transformationalist Principlists (جبهه اصول‌گرایان تحول‌خواه) is an Iranian principlist political group, consisting of Society of Devotees of the Islamic Revolution and Society of Pathseekers of the Islamic Revolution.

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Green Party (Iran)

The Green Party of Iran (Ḥezb-e Sabz-e Irān) is a conservative political party in Iran.

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Guardian Council

The Guardian Council of the Constitution (شورای نگهبان قانون اساسی, Shūra-ye negahbān-e qānūn-e āsāsī) is an appointed and constitutionally mandated 12-member council that wields considerable power and influence in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Hosseiniyeh Ershad

The Hosseinieh Ershad or Hosseiniyeh Ershad (حسینیه ارشاد) is a non-traditionalist religious institute established by Nasser Minachi in Tehran, Iran.

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Insight and Islamic Awakening Front

The Insight and Islamic Awakening Front (جبهه بصیرت و بیداری اسلامی) was a principlist electoral list for Iranian 2012 legislative election, led by Shahabodin Sadr.

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Iran

Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).

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Iranian legislative election, 2004

The Iranian parliamentary elections of February 20 and May 7, 2004 were a victory for Islamic conservatives over the reformist parties.

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Iranian legislative election, 2008

Legislative elections for Majlis of Iran were held on 14 March 2008, with a second round held on 25 April 2008.

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Iranian presidential election, 2005

Iran's ninth presidential election took place in two rounds, the first on 17 June 2005, the run-off on 24 June.

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Iranian Principlists

The Principlists (Osul-Garâyân, also interchangeably known as the Iranian Conservatives Open access material licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

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Iranian Reformists

The Iranian reformists (Eslâh-Talabân) are a political faction in Iran that support former President Mohammad Khatami's plans to change the Iranian political system to include more freedom and democracy.

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Islamic Consultative Assembly

The Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majles-e Showrā-ye Eslāmī), also called the Iranian Parliament, the Iranian Majlis (or Majles, مجلس), is the national legislative body of Iran.

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Islamic Iran Participation Front

The Islamic Iran Participation Front (جبهه مشارکت ایران اسلامی; Jebheye Mosharekate Iran-e Eslaami) is a reformist political party in Iran.

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Islamic republic

An Islamic republic is the name given to several states that are officially ruled by Islamic laws, including the Islamic Republics of Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, and Mauritania.

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Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps

The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) (lit or Sepâh for short) is a branch of Iran's Armed Forces founded after 1979 Revolution on 22 April 1979 by order of Ayatollah Khomeini.IISS Military Balance 2006, Routledge for the IISS, London, 2006, p. 187 Whereas the regular military (or Artesh) defends Iran's borders and maintains internal order, according to the Iranian constitution, the Revolutionary Guard (pasdaran) is intended to protect the country's Islamic Republic system. The Revolutionary Guards state that their role in protecting the Islamic system is preventing foreign interference as well as coups by the military or "deviant movements". The Revolutionary Guards have roughly 125,000 military personnel including ground, aerospace and naval forces. Its naval forces are now the primary forces tasked with operational control of the Persian Gulf. GlobalBearings.net, 15 December 2011. It also controls the paramilitary Basij militia which has about 90,000 active personnel.Abrahamian, Ervand, History of Modern Iran, Columbia University Press, 2008 pp. 175–76 Its media arm is Sepah News. Since its origin as an ideologically driven militia, the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution has taken a greater role in nearly every aspect of Iranian society. Its expanded social, political, military and economic role under President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's administration—especially during the 2009 presidential election and post-election suppression of protest—has led many Western analysts to argue that its political power has surpassed even that of the Shia clerical system. The Chief Commander of the Guardians since 2007 is Mohammad Ali Jafari, who was preceded by Yahya Rahim Safavi from 1997.

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Judicial system of Iran

A nationwide judicial system in Iran was first implemented and established by Abdolhossein Teymourtash under Reza Shah, with further changes during the second Pahlavi era.

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Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (Mahmūd Ahmadinezhād, born Mahmoud Sabbaghian (Sabbāghyān) on 28 October 1956) is an Iranian politician who was the sixth President of Iran from 2005 to 2013.

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Mehdi Karroubi

Mehdi Karroubi (Mehdī Karrūbĩ, born 26 September 1937) is an Iranian Shia cleric and reformist politician leading the National Trust Party.

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Ministry of Interior (Iran)

The Ministry of Interior (وزارت کشور) of the Islamic Republic of Iran is in charge of performing, supervising and reporting elections, policing, and other responsibilities related to an interior ministry.

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Mir-Hossein Mousavi

Mir-Hossein Mousavi Khameneh (Mīr-Hoseyn Mūsavī Khāmené,; born 2 March 1942) is an Iranian reformist politician, artist and architect who served as the seventy-ninth and last Prime Minister of Iran from 1981 to 1989.

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Mohammad Khatami

Seyyed Mohammad Khatami (سید محمد خاتمی,; born 14 October 1943) is an Iranian scholar, Shia theologian, and reformist politician.

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Mohammad-Taqi Mesbah-Yazdi

Taqī Miṣbāḥ (تقی مصباح‌; born Taqī Givečī, تقی گیوه‌چی), commonly known as Muḥammad–Taqī Miṣbāḥ Yazdī (محمدتقی مصباح‌ یزدی, born 31 January 1934) is an Iranian Twelver Shi'i cleric and principlist political activist who unofficially leads Front of Islamic Revolution Stability.

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Mohsen Rezaee

Mohsen Rezaee Mirgha'ed (محسن رضایی میرقائد, born Sabzevar Rezaei Mirgha'ed on 9 September 1954) is an Iranian conservative politician affiliated with the Resistance Front of Islamic Iran and senior military officer in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps who currently holds office as the secretary of the Expediency Discernment Council.

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Monotheism and Justice Front

Monotheism and Justice Front: Supporters of the Government (جبههٔ توحید و عدالت - حامیان دولت) was an Iranian conservative electoral list for the 2012 legislative election.

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Mostafa Kavakebian

Mostafa Kavakebian (مصطفی کواکبیان; born on 18 March 1963) is an Iranian reformist politician and representative of Tehran at the Parliament of Iran.

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Neil MacFarquhar

Neil Graham MacFarquhar is an American writer who is currently writing for The New York Times in Moscow.

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North Khorasan Province

North Khorasan Province (استان خراسان شمالی, Ostān-e Khorāsān-e Shomālī) is a province located in northeastern Iran.

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People's Voice (Iran)

The People's Voice, Nation's Voice or Voice of Nation Coalition (ائتلاف صدای ملت) was an electoral list for Iranian 2012 and 2016 legislative elections, led by Ali Motahari.

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President of Iran

The President of Iran (Persian: رییس‌جمهور ایران Rayis Jomhur-e Irān) is the head of state of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Presidential Administration of Iran

Presidential Administration of Iran (including Office of the President of Iran) consists of the immediate staff of the current President of Iran and multiple levels of support staff reporting to the President.

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Provinces of Iran

Iran is subdivided into thirty-one provinces (استان Ostān, plural استان‌ها Ostānhā), each governed from a local center, usually the largest local city, which is called the capital (Persian: مرکز, markaz) of that province.

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Qom (electoral district)

Qom (قم) is the sole constituency of Qom Province for the Islamic Consultative Assembly.

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Reformists Front

Reformists Front (جبهه اصلاح‌طلبان), formerly called Democracy Front (جبهه مردمسالاری) and Front for Consolidation of Democracy (جبهه تحکیم دموکراسی), is an Iranian reformist political alliance of "little-known parties" formerly pivoted by Democracy Party.

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Resistance Front of Islamic Iran

The Islamic Iran Resistance Front or Resistance Front of Islamic Iran (جبهه ایستادگی ایران اسلامی; Jebheye Istadegi), or simply Resistance Front, also translated Endurance Front, is an Iranian principlist political group, founded in 2011.

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Roozonline

Rooz (روز, literally day) is a Persian and English news website.

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Semnan County

Semnan County (شهرستان سمنان) is a county in Semnan Province in Iran.

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Shah

Shah (Šāh, pronounced, "king") is a title given to the emperors, kings, princes and lords of Iran (historically also known as Persia).

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Shahabedin Sadr

Sayyid Shahab od-Din Sadr (سید شهاب‌الدین صدر) is an Iranian physician and principlist politician.

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Sharia

Sharia, Sharia law, or Islamic law (شريعة) is the religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition.

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Stratfor

Stratfor is an American geopolitical intelligence platform and publisher founded in 1996 in Austin, Texas, by George Friedman, who was the company's chairman.

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Supporters of Justice Discourse of Islamic Revolution

Supporters of Justice Discourse of Islamic Revolution (حاميان گفتمان عدالت انقلاب اسلامي) was a principlist electoral list for Iranian legislative election, 2012, allegedly close to Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei.

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Supreme Leader of Iran

The Supreme Leader of Iran (rahbar-e mo'azzam-e irān), also called the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution (رهبر معظم انقلاب اسلامی), officially in Iran, called the Supreme Leadership Authority (مقام معظم رهبری), is the head of state and highest ranking political and religious authority in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Tehran

Tehran (تهران) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province.

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Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr (electoral district)

Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr (تهران، ری، شمیرانات و اسلامشهر) is a constituency for the Islamic Consultative Assembly.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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The Two Societies

The Two Societies (جامعتین, Jāme'atein) is the nickname given to the coalition of two influential Iranian principlist clerical religious–political groups, Combatant Clergy Association of Tehran and Society of Seminary Teachers of Qom.

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Today's Zaman

Today's Zaman (Zaman is Turkish for 'time' or 'age') was an English-language daily newspaper based in Turkey.

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United Front of Principlists

United Front of Principlists (جبههٔ متحد اصولگرایان, Jabhah-e Muttahid-e Uṣūlgarāyān) was an Iranian principlist political coalition that contested the 2008 and 2012 legislative elections.

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Worker House

The Workers' House (خانه کارگر) is the Iranian de facto national trade union center affiliated with the World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU) and a registered reformist worker's political organization/labour union.

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2009 Iranian presidential election protests

Protests against the 2009 Iranian presidential election results (اعتراضات علیه نتایج انتخابات ریاست جمهوری سال ۱۳۸۸) (a disputed victory by Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad), in support of opposition candidates Mir-Hossein Mousavi and Mehdi Karroubi, occurred in major cities nationwide from 2009 into early 2010.

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9th legislature of the Islamic Republic of Iran

The 9th Islamic Consultative Assembly was 33rd Parliament of Iran that commenced on 27 May 2012 following the legislative elections on 2 March and 4 May 2012 and was closed on 24 May 2016.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iranian_legislative_election,_2012

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