628 relations: Abingdon Square Park, Abolitionism, Abraham Lincoln, Ada Rehan, Adam Nagourney, African Americans, Al Smith, Alabama, Alaska, Albion's Seed, Alcoholism, American Anti-Slavery Society, American Civil War, American Community Survey, American English, American folk music, American frontier, American Heritage (magazine), American Protective Association, American Revolution, An Gael, Andrew Jackson, Andrew Jackson Centre, Andrew Johnson, Angels with Dirty Faces, Anglo-Saxons, Ann Dunham, Anthony Kennedy, Anthracite, Anti-abortion movements, Aoife MacMurrough, Appalachia, Arizona, Arkansas, Armonk, New York, Art Carney, Augustinians, Bachelor of Science, Ballymoney, Ballyporeen, Baltimore, Baptists, Barack Obama, Barbara Heck, Battle of the Boyne, Beetle Bailey, Ben Hogan, Ben Stiller, Benjamin Harrison, Bernie Sanders, ..., Bill Burr, Bill Clinton, Bill Maher, Bill Murray, Billy the Kid, Bing Crosby, Black 47, Blue Bloods (TV series), Bob Casey Jr., Bob O'Connor (mayor), Boneybefore, Boston, Boston College, Boston Police Department, Braintree, Massachusetts, Breton Americans, Brigadier general, Bringing Up Father, Britney Spears, Brockton, Massachusetts, Bruce Springsteen, Buffalo, New York, Bugs Moran, Butte, Montana, California, Camogie, Canada, Canon law, Caribbean, Carrickfergus, Catawba River, Catholic Church, Catholic emancipation, Celts, Charles Carroll of Carrollton, Charles Colson, Charles Comiskey, Charles Nelson Reilly, Charles Perkins Thompson, Charleston, South Carolina, Chester A. 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Douglas, Stephen Colbert, Stock car racing, Strabane, Super Bowl, Susan Collins, Syracuse, New York, Tammany Hall, Taunton, Massachusetts, Taylor Swift, Tennessee, Terry McAuliffe, Tessie Wall, Texas, The Cardinal, The Carolinas, The Crane Wife, The Decemberists, The Departed, The Friends of Eddie Coyle, The Guardian, The Long Gray Line, The Maritimes, The New York Times, The Quiet Man, Theodore Roosevelt, Thomas Fitzsimons, Thomas Lynch Jr., Thomas McKean, Thomas Nast, Thomas Taggart, Tim Kaine, Tim McGraw, Tom Barrett (politician), Tom Brady, Tom Petty, Tori Kelly, Trompe-l'œil, Troy, New York, Tug McGraw, Tyrone Power, Ulster, Ulster loyalism, Ulster Scots people, Ulster-Scots Agency, Ulysses S. Grant, Union (American Civil War), Union Army, Union Presbyterian Seminary, United States Census Bureau, United States Constitution, United States Declaration of Independence, United States Department of Justice, University of Glasgow, University of North Carolina Press, University of Notre Dame, Upper Canada, Upstate New York, USA Today, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Walt Disney, Warren G. Harding, Washington (state), Washington, D.C., Waxhaws, Welsh Americans, West Virginia, Western United States, Westport, Connecticut, Weymouth, Massachusetts, Whitey Bulger, Will Ferrell, William F. Buckley Jr., William Harnett, William Howard Taft, William J. Brennan Jr., William McKinley, William O'Dwyer, William Paterson (judge), Wisconsin, Wolfe Tone, Women's History Review, Woodrow Wilson, Wyoming, Yankee, Yonkers, New York, Young Ireland, 69th Infantry Regiment (New York). Expand index (578 more) » « Shrink index
Abingdon Square Park is located in the New York City borough of Manhattan in Greenwich Village.
Abolitionism is a general term which describes the movement to end slavery.
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
Ada Rehan (April 22, c. 1857 – January 8, 1916) was an American actress and comedian who typified the "personality" style of acting in the nineteenth century.
Adam Nagourney (born October 10, 1954) is an American journalist and the Los Angeles bureau chief for The New York Times.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Alfred Emanuel Smith (December 30, 1873 – October 4, 1944) was an American politician who was elected Governor of New York four times and was the Democratic U.S. presidential candidate in 1928.
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.
Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America is a 1989 book by David Hackett Fischer that details the folkways of four groups of people who moved from distinct regions of Great Britain (Albion) to the United States.
Alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD), is a broad term for any drinking of alcohol that results in mental or physical health problems.
The American Anti-Slavery Society (AASS; 1833–1870) was an abolitionist society founded by William Lloyd Garrison, and Arthur Tappan.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The American Community Survey (ACS) is an ongoing survey by the U.S. Census Bureau.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
The term American folk music encompasses numerous music genres, variously known as traditional music, traditional folk music, contemporary folk music, or roots music.
The American frontier comprises the geography, history, folklore, and cultural expression of life in the forward wave of American expansion that began with English colonial settlements in the early 17th century and ended with the admission of the last mainland territories as states in 1912.
American Heritage is a magazine dedicated to covering the history of the United States of America for a mainstream readership.
The American Protective Association (APA) was an American anti-Catholic secret society established in 1887 by Protestants.
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.
An Gael is a quarterly literary magazine in the Irish language, published in the United States on behalf of the Philo-Celtic Society.
Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) was an American soldier and statesman who served as the seventh President of the United States from 1829 to 1837.
The Andrew Jackson Centre, also known as the Andrew Jackson Cottage, is the ancestral home of Andrew Jackson, 7th President of the United States.
Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 July 31, 1875) was the 17th President of the United States, serving from 1865 to 1869.
Angels with Dirty Faces is a 1938 American crime film directed by Michael Curtiz for Warner Brothers.
The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.
Stanley Ann Dunham (November 29, 1942 – November 7, 1995) was an American anthropologist who specialized in the economic anthropology and rural development of Indonesia.
Anthony McLeod Kennedy (born July 23, 1936) is the senior Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Anthracite, often referred to as hard coal, is a hard, compact variety of coal that has a submetallic luster.
Anti-abortion movements, also referred to as pro-life movements, are involved in the abortion debate advocating against the practice of abortion and its legality.
Aoife MacMurrough (c. 1145 – 1188, Aoife Ní Diarmait), also known by later historians as Eva of Leinster, was an Irish noble, princess of Leinster and countess of Pembroke.
Appalachia is a cultural region in the Eastern United States that stretches from the Southern Tier of New York to northern Alabama, Mississippi and Georgia.
Arizona (Hoozdo Hahoodzo; Alĭ ṣonak) is a U.S. state in the southwestern region of the United States.
Arkansas is a state in the southeastern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2017.
Armonk is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in the town of North Castle, New York located in Westchester County.
Arthur William Matthew "Art" Carney (November 4, 1918 – November 9, 2003) was an American actor in film, stage, television and radio.
The term Augustinians, named after Augustine of Hippo (354–430), applies to two distinct types of Catholic religious orders, dating back to the first millennium but formally created in the 13th century, and some Anglican religious orders, created in the 19th century, though technically there is no "Order of St.
A Bachelor of Science (Latin Baccalaureus Scientiae, B.S., BS, B.Sc., BSc, or B.Sc; or, less commonly, S.B., SB, or Sc.B., from the equivalent Latin Scientiae Baccalaureus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for completed courses that generally last three to five years, or a person holding such a degree.
Ballymoney is a small town and civil parish in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
Ballyporeen (Irish: Béal Átha Póirín) is a village in County Tipperary, Ireland.
Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.
Baptists are Christians distinguished by baptizing professing believers only (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism), and doing so by complete immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling).
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.
Barbara Heck (born Ballingrane, County Limerick, Ireland, 1734; died Augusta, Ontario, 17 August 1804) was an early American Methodist, known as the “mother of American Methodism.”.
The Battle of the Boyne (Cath na Bóinne) was a battle in 1690 between the forces of the deposed King James II of England, and those of Dutch Prince William of Orange who, with his wife Mary II (his cousin and James's daughter), had acceded to the Crowns of England and Scotland in 1688.
Beetle Bailey (begun on September 4, 1950) is an American comic strip created by cartoonist Mort Walker.
William Ben Hogan (August 13, 1912 – July 25, 1997) was an American professional golfer who is generally considered to be one of the greatest players in the history of the game.
Benjamin Edward Meara Stiller (born November 30, 1965) is an American actor, comedian, writer, producer, and director.
Benjamin Harrison (August 20, 1833 – March 13, 1901) was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 23rd President of the United States from 1889 to 1893.
Bernard Sanders (born September 8, 1941) is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Vermont since 2007.
William Frederic Burr (born June 10, 1968) is an American stand-up comedian, actor, writer and podcaster.
William Jefferson Clinton (born August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
William Maher (born January 20, 1956) is an American comedian, political commentator, and television host.
William James Murray (born September 21, 1950) is an American actor, comedian, and writer.
Billy the Kid (born Henry McCarty September 17 or November 23, 1859July 14, 1881, also known as William H. Bonney) was an American Old West outlaw and gunfighter who killed eight men before he was shot and killed at age 21.
Harry Lillis "Bing" Crosby Jr. (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977)Giddins 2001, pp.
Black 47 were a New York City based celtic rock band with Irish Republican sympathies, whose music also shows influence from reggae, hip hop, folk and jazz.
Blue Bloods is an American police procedural fictional drama series that airs on CBS.
Robert Patrick Casey Jr. (born April 13, 1960) is an American attorney and politician who is currently the senior United States Senator from Pennsylvania.
Robert E. O'Connor Jr. (December 9, 1944 – September 1, 2006) was an American politician who was the Mayor of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania from January 3, 2006, until his death.
Boneybefore is an area of Carrickfergus in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Boston College (also referred to as BC) is a private Jesuit Catholic research university located in the affluent village of Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, United States, west of downtown Boston.
The Boston Police Department (BPD), dating back to 1838, holds the primary responsibility for law enforcement and investigation within the American city of Boston, Massachusetts.
Braintree, officially the Town of Braintree, is a suburban New England city in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States.
Breton Americans are Americans of Breton descent from Brittany.
Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces.
Bringing Up Father was an American comic strip created by cartoonist George McManus.
Britney Jean Spears (born December 2, 1981) is an American singer, dancer, and actress.
Brockton is a city in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States; the population was 95,314 in the 2015 Census.
Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen (born September 23, 1949) is an American singer-songwriter and musician, known for his work with the E Street Band.
Buffalo is the second largest city in the state of New York and the 81st most populous city in the United States.
Adelard Cunin (August 21, 1893 – February 25, 1957), better known as George 'Bugs' Moran, was a Chicago Prohibition-era gangster.
Butte is a town in, and the county seat of Silver Bow County, Montana, United States.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Camogie (camógaíocht) is an Irish stick-and-ball team sport played by women; it is almost identical to the game of hurling played by men.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Canon law (from Greek kanon, a 'straight measuring rod, ruler') is a set of ordinances and regulations made by ecclesiastical authority (Church leadership), for the government of a Christian organization or church and its members.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
Carrickfergus, colloquially known as "Carrick", is a large town in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
The Catawba River (named after the Native American tribes that first settled on the banks) originates in Western North Carolina and the name of the river changes to the Wateree River in South Carolina.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Catholic emancipation or Catholic relief was a process in the Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in the late 18th century and early 19th century that involved reducing and removing many of the restrictions on Roman Catholics introduced by the Act of Uniformity, the Test Acts and the penal laws.
The Celts (see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) were an Indo-European people in Iron Age and Medieval Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had cultural similarities, although the relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial.
Charles Carroll (September 19, 1737 – November 14, 1832), known as Charles Carroll of Carrollton or Charles Carroll III to distinguish him from his similarly named relatives, was a wealthy Maryland planter and an early advocate of independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Charles Wendell "Chuck" Colson (October 16, 1931 – April 21, 2012) served as Special Counsel to President Richard Nixon from 1969 to 1973.
Charles Albert Comiskey (August 15, 1859 – October 26, 1931), also nicknamed "Commy" or "The Old Roman", was an American Major League Baseball player, manager and team owner.
Charles Nelson Reilly II (January 13, 1931 – May 25, 2007) was an American actor, comedian, director, and drama teacher, known for his comedic roles on stage and in films, television shows, cartoons, and as a game show panelist.
Charles Perkins Thompson (July 30, 1827 – January 19, 1894) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Massachusetts.
Charleston is the oldest and largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, and the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Chester Alan Arthur (October 5, 1829 – November 18, 1886) was an American attorney and politician who served as the 21st President of the United States from 1881 to 1885; he succeeded James A. Garfield upon the latter's assassination.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
Christopher B. "Chris" Coleman (born September 1, 1961) is an American politician and lawyer who served as the 54th Mayor of Saint Paul, Minnesota between 2006 and 2018.
Christopher John Dodd (born May 27, 1944) is an American lobbyist, lawyer, and Democratic Party politician who served as a United States Senator from Connecticut for a thirty-year period from 1981 to 2011.
Christopher Crosby Farley (February 15, 1964 – December 18, 1997) was an American actor and comedian.
Christina María Aguilera (born December 18, 1980) is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and television personality.
Kevin Joseph Aloysius “Chuck” Connors (April 10, 1921 – November 10, 1992) was an American actor, writer and professional basketball and baseball player.
Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state or belonging to a nation.
Mary Clare Higgins, a Democrat, was elected to her first term as Mayor of Northampton, Massachusetts in November 1999; she took office in January 2000.
Clevedon is a town and civil parish in the unitary authority of North Somerset, which covers part of the ceremonial county of Somerset, England.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
The Coal Region is a historically important coal-mining area in Northeastern Pennsylvania in the central Ridge-and-valley Appalachian Mountains, comprising Lackawanna, Luzerne, Columbia, Carbon, Schuylkill, Northumberland, and the extreme northeast corner of Dauphin counties.
The term coffin ship is used to refer to the ships that carried Irish immigrants escaping the Great Irish Famine as well as Highlanders displaced by the Highland Clearances.
Coleraine (Flanaghan, Deirdre & Laurence; Irish Place Names, page 194. Gill & Macmillan, 2002.) is a large town and civil parish near the mouth of the River Bann in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland.
Colin Patrick Henry Meloy (born October 5, 1974) is an American musician, singer-songwriter and author best known as the frontman of the Portland, Oregon, indie folk rock band The Decemberists.
Colin Edward Quinn (born June 6, 1959) is an American stand-up comedian, actor, and writer.
Colorado is a state of the United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains.
Conan Christopher O'Brien (born April 18, 1963) is an American television host, comedian, writer, and producer.
The Confederate States Army (C.S.A.) was the military land force of the Confederate States of America (Confederacy) during the American Civil War (1861–1865).
Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Cornelius McGillicuddy (December 22, 1862 – February 8, 1956), better known as Connie Mack, was an American professional baseball player, manager, and team owner.
Conscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.
American conservatism is a broad system of political beliefs in the United States that is characterized by respect for American traditions, republicanism, support for Judeo-Christian values, moral absolutism, free markets and free trade, anti-communism, individualism, advocacy of American exceptionalism, and a defense of Western culture from the perceived threats posed by socialism, authoritarianism, and moral relativism.
The Conservative Party of New York State is a political party in the United States founded in 1962 and active in the State of New York.
The Constitution of Ireland (Bunreacht na hÉireann) is the fundamental law of the Republic of Ireland.
The Constitutional Convention (also known as the Philadelphia Convention, the Federal Convention, or the Grand Convention at Philadelphia) took place from May 25 to September 17, 1787, in the old Pennsylvania State House (later known as Independence Hall because of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence there eleven years before) in Philadelphia.
The Continental Army was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the colonies that became the United States of America.
Cornish Americans (Cornish: Amerikanek kernewek) are Americans who describe themselves as having Cornish ancestry, an ethnic group native to Cornwall, United Kingdom.
Country music, also known as country and western or simply country, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s.
County Antrim (named after the town of Antrim)) is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland. Adjoined to the north-east shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of and has a population of about 618,000. County Antrim has a population density of 203 people per square kilometre or 526 people per square mile. It is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland, as well as part of the historic province of Ulster. The Glens of Antrim offer isolated rugged landscapes, the Giant's Causeway is a unique landscape and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Bushmills produces whiskey, and Portrush is a popular seaside resort and night-life area. The majority of Belfast, the capital city of Northern Ireland, is in County Antrim, with the remainder being in County Down. It is currently one of only two counties of Ireland to have a majority of the population from a Protestant background, according to the 2001 census. The other is County Down to the south.
County Cork (Contae Chorcaí) is a county in Ireland.
County Donegal (Contae Dhún na nGall) is a county of Ireland in the province of Ulster.
County Down is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland in the northeast of the island of Ireland.
County Kildare (Contae Chill Dara) is a county in Ireland.
County Londonderry (Contae Dhoire; Ulster-Scots: Coontie Lunnonderrie), also known as County Derry, is one of the six counties of Northern Ireland.
County Mayo (Contae Mhaigh Eo, meaning "Plain of the yew trees") is a county in Ireland.
County Monaghan (Contae Mhuineacháin) is a county in Ireland.
County Offaly (Contae Uíbh Fhailí) is a county in Ireland.
County Tyrone is one of the six historic counties of Northern Ireland.
County Wexford (Contae Loch Garman, Yola: Weiseforthe) is a county in Ireland.
Cullybackey or Cullybacky is a village in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
Cyrus Hall McCormick (February 15, 1809 – May 13, 1884) was an American inventor and businessman who founded the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company, which later became part of the International Harvester Company in 1902.
Daltaí na Gaeilge (meaning "Students of Irish", DnaG) is an organization that operates Irish language immersion programs in the American states of New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania.
Daniel Carroll (July 22, 1730May 7, 1796) was an American politician and plantation owner from Maryland, considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
Daniel O'Connell (Dónall Ó Conaill; 6 August 1775 – 15 May 1847), often referred to as The Liberator or The Emancipator, was an Irish political leader in the first half of the 19th century.
Darwinism is a theory of biological evolution developed by the English naturalist Charles Darwin (1809–1882) and others, stating that all species of organisms arise and develop through the natural selection of small, inherited variations that increase the individual's ability to compete, survive, and reproduce.
Dave King (born 11 December 1961) is an Irish vocalist, primary writer and lyricist for the band Flogging Molly.
David Hackett Fischer (born December 2, 1935) is University Professor and Earl Warren Professor of History at Brandeis University.
Charles Dean O'Banion (July 8, 1892 – November 10, 1924) was an American mobster who was the main rival of Johnny Torrio and Al Capone during the brutal Chicago bootlegging wars of the 1920s.
Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.
The Delaware Valley is the valley through which the Delaware River flows.
Marie Delphine Macarty or MacCarthy (March 19, 1787 – December 7, 1849), more commonly known as Madame Blanque, until her third marriage, when she became known as Madame LaLaurie, was a New Orleans Creole socialite and murderer, noted for torturing and murdering slaves in her household.
Denis Colin Leary (born August 18, 1957) is an American actor, writer, producer, singer and comedian.
Derek Sanderson Jeter (born June 26, 1974) is an American former professional baseball shortstop, current businessman and baseball executive who is the chief executive officer (CEO) and part owner of the Miami Marlins of Major League Baseball (MLB).
Dergalt is a townland in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland.
Dergenagh is a townland in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland.
Desmond "Des" Bishop (born 12 November 1975) is an Irish-American comedian.
Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.
Diarmait Mac Murchada (Modern Irish: Diarmaid Mac Murchadha), anglicised as Dermot MacMurrough, Dermod MacMurrough, Dermot MacMorrogh or Dermot MacMorrow (c. 1110c. 1 May 1171), was a King of Leinster in Ireland.
Richard Joseph Durbin (born November 21, 1944) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Illinois since 1997.
Dick Tracy is an American comic strip featuring Dick Tracy (originally Plainclothes Tracy), a tough and intelligent police detective created by Chester Gould.
The Order of Preachers (Ordo Praedicatorum, postnominal abbreviation OP), also known as the Dominican Order, is a mendicant Catholic religious order founded by the Spanish priest Dominic of Caleruega in France, approved by Pope Honorius III via the Papal bull Religiosam vitam on 22 December 1216.
The Dropkick Murphys are an American Celtic punk band formed in Quincy, Massachusetts, in 1996.
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
The East Coast of the United States is the coastline along which the Eastern United States meets the North Atlantic Ocean.
Edward James Delahanty (October 30, 1867 – July 2, 1903), nicknamed "Big Ed", was a Major League Baseball player from 1888 to 1903 for the Philadelphia Phillies, Cleveland Infants and Washington Senators.
Edward Vincent "Ed" Sullivan (September 28, 1901 – October 13, 1974) was an American television personality, sports and entertainment reporter, and syndicated columnist for the New York Daily News and the Chicago Tribune New York News Syndicate.
Edward Augustine Walsh (May 14, 1881 – May 26, 1959) was a pitcher and manager in Major League Baseball.
Edward Trowbridge Collins Sr. (May 2, 1887 – March 25, 1951), nicknamed "Cocky", was an American professional baseball player, manager and executive.
Edgar Allan Poe (born Edgar Poe; January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American writer, editor, and literary critic.
The levels of Ireland's education are primary, secondary and higher (often known as "third-level" or tertiary) education.
Edward Douglass White Jr. (November 3, 1845 – May 19, 1921), American politician and jurist, was a United States Senator and the ninth Chief Justice of the United States.
Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon (28 November 1661 – 31 March 1723), styled Viscount Cornbury between 1674 and 1709, was propelled into the forefront of English politics when he and part of his army defected from the Catholic King James II to support the newly arrived Protestant contender, William III of Orange.
Edward Joseph Flynn (September 22, 1891 in The Bronx, then New York County, now Bronx County, New York City – August 18, 1953 in Dublin, Ireland) was an American lawyer and politician.
Edward Rutledge (November 23, 1749 – January 23, 1800) was an American politician, and youngest signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence.
Elberon is an unincorporated community that is part of Long Branch in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States.
Electoral fusion is an arrangement where two or more political parties on a ballot list the same candidate, pooling the votes for that candidate.
Elizabeth Gurley Flynn (August 7, 1890 – September 5, 1964) was a labor leader, activist, and feminist who played a leading role in the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW).
Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977) was an American singer and actor.
The Emerald Society is an organization of American police officers or fire fighters of Irish heritage.
The Emergency Quota Act, also known as the Emergency Immigration Act of 1921, the Immigration Restriction Act of 1921, the Per Centum Law, and the Johnson Quota Act (ch. 8, of May 19, 1921) restricted immigration into the United States.
English Americans, also referred to as Anglo-Americans, are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England, a country that is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
The English are a nation and an ethnic group native to England who speak the English language. The English identity is of early medieval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Angelcynn ("family of the Angles"). Their ethnonym is derived from the Angles, one of the Germanic peoples who migrated to Great Britain around the 5th century AD. England is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens. Historically, the English population is descended from several peoples the earlier Celtic Britons (or Brythons) and the Germanic tribes that settled in Britain following the withdrawal of the Romans, including Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians. Collectively known as the Anglo-Saxons, they founded what was to become England (from the Old English Englaland) along with the later Danes, Anglo-Normans and other groups. In the Acts of Union 1707, the Kingdom of England was succeeded by the Kingdom of Great Britain. Over the years, English customs and identity have become fairly closely aligned with British customs and identity in general. Today many English people have recent forebears from other parts of the United Kingdom, while some are also descended from more recent immigrants from other European countries and from the Commonwealth. The English people are the source of the English language, the Westminster system, the common law system and numerous major sports such as cricket, football, rugby union, rugby league and tennis. These and other English cultural characteristics have spread worldwide, in part as a result of the former British Empire.
The Erie Canal is a canal in New York, United States that is part of the east–west, cross-state route of the New York State Canal System (formerly known as the New York State Barge Canal).
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
Ethnocultural politics in the United States (or ethnoreligious politics) refers to the pattern of certain ethnocultural or religious groups to vote heavily for one party.
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill (October 16, 1888 – November 27, 1953) was an American playwright and Nobel laureate in Literature.
European History Online (Europäische Geschichte Online, EGO) is an academic website that publishes articles on the history of Europe between the period of 1450 and 1950 according to the principle of open access.
Florence Evelyn Nesbit (December 25, 1884 – January 17, 1967), known professionally as Evelyn Nesbit, was an American chorus girl, an artists' model, and an actress.
Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (September 24, 1896 – December 21, 1940) was an American fiction writer, whose works illustrate the Jazz Age.
Fall River is a city in Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States.
Fenian was an umbrella term for the Fenian Brotherhood and Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB), fraternal organisations dedicated to the establishment of an independent Irish Republic in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
The Fenian Brotherhood was an Irish republican organisation founded in the United States in 1858 by John O'Mahony and Michael Doheny.
Between 1866 and 1871, the Fenian raids of the Fenian Brotherhood, an Irish Republican organization based in the United States, on British army forts, customs posts and other targets in Canada, were fought to bring pressure on Britain to withdraw from Ireland.
Fergie Duhamel (born Stacy Ann Ferguson; March 27, 1975) is an American singer, songwriter, and actress.
A fire department (American English) or fire brigade (British English), also known as a fire protection district, fire authority or fire and rescue service is an organization that primarily provides firefighting services for a specific geographic area.
The First Transcontinental Railroad (also called the Great Transcontinental Railroad, known originally as the "Pacific Railroad" and later as the "Overland Route") was a continuous railroad line constructed between 1863 and 1869 that connected the existing eastern U.S. rail network at Omaha, Nebraska/Council Bluffs, Iowa with the Pacific coast at the Oakland Long Wharf on San Francisco Bay.
Fishtown is a neighborhood in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.
Mary Flannery O'Connor (March 25, 1925August 3, 1964) was an American novelist, short story writer and essayist.
Flogging Molly is an Irish-American seven-piece Celtic punk band from Los Angeles, California and led by Irish vocalist Dave King, formerly of the hard rock band Fastway.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
Fordham University is a private research university in New York City.
Fox News (officially known as the Fox News Channel, commonly abbreviated to FNC) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel owned by the Fox Entertainment Group, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.
Francis Makemie (1658–1708) was an Irish clergyman, considered to be the founder of Presbyterianism in United States of America.
The Franciscans are a group of related mendicant religious orders within the Catholic Church, founded in 1209 by Saint Francis of Assisi.
William Francis "Frank" Murphy (April 13, 1890July 19, 1949) was a Democratic politician and jurist from Michigan.
Freemasonry or Masonry consists of fraternal organisations that trace their origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons, which from the end of the fourteenth century regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their interaction with authorities and clients.
The Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA; Cumann Lúthchleas Gael, (CLG)) is an Irish international amateur sporting and cultural organisation, focused primarily on promoting indigenous Gaelic games and pastimes, which include the traditional Irish sports of hurling, camogie, Gaelic football, Gaelic handball and rounders.
Gaelic football (Irish: Peil Ghaelach; short name Peil or Caid), commonly referred to as football or Gaelic, is an Irish team sport.
Gaelic handball (known in Ireland simply as handball; liathróid láimhe) is a sport played in Ireland where players hit a ball with a hand or fist against a wall in such a way as to make a shot the opposition cannot return, and that may be played with two (singles) or four players (doubles).
Eugene Curran Kelly (August 23, 1912 – February 2, 1996) was an American dancer, actor of film, stage, and television, singer, film director, producer, and choreographer.
George Denis Patrick Carlin (May 12, 1937 – June 22, 2008) was an American stand-up comedian, actor, author, and social critic.
George Clinton (July 26, 1739April 20, 1812) was an American soldier and statesman, considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993.
George Read (September 18, 1733 – September 21, 1798) was an American lawyer and politician from New Castle in New Castle County, Delaware.
George Taylor (c. 1716 – February 23, 1781) was a Colonial ironmaster and a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of Pennsylvania.
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
George Washington Matsell (October 26, 1811 New York City – July 25, 1877 in Manhattan, New York) was the first New York City Police Commissioner.
Georgetown University is a private research university in the Georgetown neighborhood of Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States.
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
Georgia Totto O'Keeffe (November 15, 1887 – March 6, 1986) was an American artist.
Glenoe or Gleno is a hamlet in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
Grace Patricia Kelly (November 12, 1929September 14, 1982) was an American film actress who became Princess of Monaco after marrying Prince Rainier III, in April 1956.
Grace Ethel Cecile Rosalie Allen (July 26, 1895 – August 27, 1964) was an American comedian who became internationally famous as the zany partner and comic foil of husband George Burns, her straight man.
Grand Rapids is the second-largest city in Michigan, and the largest city in West Michigan.
The Great Awakening refers to a number of periods of religious revival in American Christian history.
The Great Famine (an Gorta Mór) or the Great Hunger was a period of mass starvation, disease, and emigration in Ireland between 1845 and 1849.
The Great Lakes (les Grands-Lacs), also called the Laurentian Great Lakes and the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes located primarily in the upper mid-east region of North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.
Greater Boston is the metropolitan region of New England encompassing the municipality of Boston, the capital of the U.S. state of Massachusetts, and the most populous city in New England, as well as its surrounding areas.
Greeley Center, often shortened to simply Greeley, is a village in and the county seat of Greeley County, Nebraska, United States.
Greeneville is a town in, and the county seat of Greene County, Tennessee, United States.
Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was an American politician and lawyer who was the 22nd and 24th President of the United States, the only president in American history to serve two non-consecutive terms in office (1885–1889 and 1893–1897).
Gwen Renée Stefani (born October 3, 1969) is an American singer, songwriter, and fashion designer.
Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was an American statesman who served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953), taking office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Hartford is the capital of the U.S. state of Connecticut.
Harvard Law School (also known as Harvard Law or HLS) is one of the professional graduate schools of Harvard University located in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189), also known as Henry Curtmantle (Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also partially controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany.
Henry James, OM (–) was an American author regarded as a key transitional figure between literary realism and literary modernism, and is considered by many to be among the greatest novelists in the English language.
Hi and Lois is an American comic strip about a suburban family.
Hilary Erhard Duff (born September 28, 1987) is an American actress, singer, songwriter, businesswoman, and author.
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947) is an American politician and diplomat who served as the First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001, U.S. Senator from New York from 2001 to 2009, 67th United States Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013, and the Democratic Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 2016 election.
Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.
The History of Catholic Education in The United States extends from the early colonial era in Louisiana and Maryland to the parochial school system set up in most parishes in the 19th century, to hundreds of colleges, all down to the present.
The rise of the lunatic asylum and its gradual transformation into, and eventual replacement by, the modern psychiatric hospital, explains the rise of organised, institutional psychiatry.
Irish in Saint Paul, Minnesota have played an integral part in the founding and the growth of the city.
The Democratic Party is the oldest voter-based political party in the world and the oldest existing political party in the United States, tracing its heritage back to the anti-Federalists and the Jeffersonian Democratic-Republican Party of the 1790s.
Holyoke is a city in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States, that lies between the western bank of the Connecticut River and the Mount Tom Range.
The House of Commons of Great Britain was the lower house of the Parliament of Great Britain between 1707 and 1801.
Houston is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas and the fourth most populous city in the United States, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 2.312 million within a land area of.
Howard Thomas "Howie" Winter (born March 17, 1929) is an American mobster.
Hurling (iománaíocht, iomáint) is an outdoor team game of ancient Gaelic and Irish origin.
Idaho is a state in the northwestern region of the United States.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
The Immigration Act of 1924, or Johnson–Reed Act, including the National Origins Act, and Asian Exclusion Act, was a United States federal law that set quotas on the number of immigrants from certain countries while providing funding and an enforcement mechanism to carry out the longstanding (but hitherto unenforced) ban on other non-white immigrants.
An indentured servant or indentured laborer is an employee (indenturee) within a system of unfree labor who is bound by a signed or forced contract (indenture) to work for a particular employer for a fixed time.
Indiana is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America.
Iowa is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri and Big Sioux rivers to the west.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
The Irish American Athletic Club was an amateur athletic organization, based in Queens, New York, at the beginning of the 20th century.
The Irish American Cultural Institute, or IACI, is an American cultural group founded in Saint Paul, Minnesota by Dr.
Irish Australians (Gael-Astrálaigh) are an ethnic group of Australian citizens of Irish descent, which include immigrants from and descendants whose ancestry originates from the island of Ireland.
The Irish Brigade was an infantry brigade, consisting predominantly of Irish Americans, that served in the Union Army in the American Civil War.
Irish Canadians (Gaedheal-Cheanadaigh) are Canadian citizens who have full or partial Irish heritage including descendants who trace their ancestry to immigrants who originated in Ireland.
The Irish diaspora (Diaspóra na nGael) refers to Irish people and their descendants who live outside Ireland.
The Irish Free State (Saorstát Éireann; 6 December 192229 December 1937) was a state established in 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 1921.
The Irish language (Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
The Irish Mob is the oldest organized crime group in the United States, in existence since the early 19th century.
Irish nationalism is an ideology which asserts that the Irish people are a nation.
The Irish people (Muintir na hÉireann or Na hÉireannaigh) are a nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland, who share a common Irish ancestry, identity and culture.
The Irish Race Conventions were a disconnected series of conventions held in Europe and America between 1881 and 1994.
The Irish Whales or "The Whales" was a nickname given to a group of Irish and Irish-American athletes who dominated weight-throwing events in the first two decades of the 20th century.
Irish-American Heritage Month is celebrated by proclamation of the President and Congress in the United States to honor the achievements and contributions of Irish immigrants and their descendants living in the United States.
Angela Isadora Duncan (May 26, 1877 or May 27, 1878 – September 14, 1927) was an American dancer who performed to acclaim throughout Europe.
Isolationism is a category of foreign policies institutionalized by leaders who assert that their nations' best interests are best served by keeping the affairs of other countries at a distance.
Italian Americans (italoamericani or italo-americani) are an ethnic group consisting of Americans who have ancestry from Italy.
James Howard McGrath (November 28, 1903September 2, 1966) was an American politician and attorney from the U.S. state of Rhode Island.
William Harrison "Jack" Dempsey (June 24, 1895 – May 31, 1983), nicknamed "Kid Blackie" and "The Manassa Mauler", was an American professional boxer who competed from 1914 to 1927, and reigned as the world heavyweight champion from 1919 to 1926.
John Herbert Gleason (February 26, 1916June 24, 1987) was an American comedian, actor, writer, composer and conductor.
The James Bond series focuses on a fictional British Secret Service agent created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve novels and two short-story collections.
James Buchanan Jr. (April 23, 1791June 1, 1868) was an American politician who served as the 15th President of the United States (1857–61), serving immediately prior to the American Civil War.
James Francis Cagney Jr. (July 17, 1899March 30, 1986) was an American actor and dancer, both on stage and in film, though he had his greatest impact in film.
James Francis Byrnes (May 2, 1882 – April 9, 1972) was an American judge and politician from the state of South Carolina.
James Aloysius "Jim" Farley (May 30, 1888 – June 9, 1976) was one of the first Irish Catholic politicians in American history to achieve success on a national level.
James Knox Polk (November 2, 1795 – June 15, 1849) was an American politician who served as the 11th President of the United States (1845–1849).
James Joseph "Buddy" McLean (January 26, 1930 – October 31, 1965) was an Irish-American mobster and the original boss of the Somerville, Massachusetts-based Winter Hill Gang during the 1960s.
James L. Smith (September 17, 1719 – July 11, 1806), was an American lawyer and a signer to the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of Pennsylvania.
James Thomas Farrell (February 27, 1904 – August 22, 1979) was an American novelist, short-story writer, and poet.
Jason Frederick Kidd (born March 23, 1973) is an American professional basketball coach and former player.
The Jazz Age was a period in the 1920s and 1930s in which jazz music and dance styles rapidly gained nationwide popularity.
Jena Malone (born November 21, 1984) is an American actress, musician and photographer.
Jersey City is the second-most-populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey, after Newark.
James Christopher Gaffigan (born July 7, 1966) is an American stand-up comedian, actor, writer, and producer.
James Earl Carter Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981.
James Scott Connors (born September 2, 1952) is a retired American world No. 1 tennis player, often considered among the greatest in the history of the sport.
James Thomas Fallon (born September 19, 1974) is an American comedian, actor, television host, singer, writer, and producer.
Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. (born November 20, 1942) is an American politician who served as the 47th Vice President of the United States from 2009 to 2017.
Joseph A. "Joe" Flynn (November 8, 1924 – July 19, 1974) was an American character actor.
John Caldwell Calhoun (March 18, 1782March 31, 1850) was an American statesman and political theorist from South Carolina, and the seventh Vice President of the United States from 1825 to 1832.
John Albert Elway Jr. (born June 28, 1960) is a former American football quarterback who is currently general manager and executive vice president of football operations of the Denver Broncos of the National Football League (NFL).
John England (September 23, 1786, Cork, Ireland – April 11, 1842, Charleston, South Carolina) was the first Roman Catholic Bishop of Charleston, South Carolina.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
John Ford (February 1, 1894 – August 31, 1973) was an American film director.
John Joseph Hughes (June 24, 1797 – January 3, 1864) was an Irish-born prelate of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States.
John Lawrence Sullivan (October 15, 1858 – February 2, 1918), also known as the "Boston Strong Boy", was an Irish-American boxer recognized as the first heavyweight champion of gloved boxing, holding the title from February 7, 1882, to 1892.
John McCausland, Jr. (September 13, 1836 – January 22, 1927) was a brigadier general in the Confederate army, famous for the ransom of Hagerstown, Maryland, and the razing of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, during the American Civil War.
John Patrick McEnroe Jr. (born February 16, 1959 in Wiesbaden, West Germany) is a retired American tennis player, often considered among the greatest in the history of the sport.
John Joseph McGraw (April 7, 1873 – February 25, 1934), nicknamed "Little Napoleon" and "Mugsy", was a Major League Baseball (MLB) player and manager of the New York Giants.
John Mitchel (Seán Mistéal; 3 November 1815 – 20 March 1875) was an Irish nationalist activist, author, and political journalist.
John Moran Bailey (November 23, 1904 – April 10, 1975) was an American politician who played a major role in promoting the New Deal coalition of the Democratic Party and its liberal policy positions.
John Edmund Mulaney (born August 26, 1982) is an American stand-up comedian, actor, writer, and producer.
John Rose Greene Hassard, usually John R. G. Hassard, sometimes Jno.
John Rutledge (September 17, 1739 – July 23, 1800) was the second Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States and the first Governor of South Carolina after the Declaration of Independence.
The John Street United Methodist Church – also known as Old John Street Methodist Episcopal Church – located at 44 John Street between Nassau and William Streets in the Financial District of Manhattan, New York City was built in 1841 in the Georgian style, with the design attributed to William Hurry and/or Philip Embury.
Joseph Raymond McCarthy (November 14, 1908 – May 2, 1957) was an American politician who served as U.S. Senator from the state of Wisconsin from 1947 until his death in 1957.
Joseph McKenna (August 10, 1843 – November 21, 1926) was an American politician who served in all three branches of the U.S. federal government, as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, as U.S. Attorney General and as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.
Josephine "Chicago Joe" Airey (1844 – October 25, 1899), was an Irish-born American prostitute, madam, and proprietor of brothels, dance halls, a variety theatre, and saloons in Helena, Montana.
Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 – June 22, 1969) was an American singer, actress, and vaudevillian.
Justin Randall Timberlake (born January 31, 1981) is an American singer-songwriter, actor, dancer, and record producer.
Kansas is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States.
The Kansas City metropolitan area is a 15-county metropolitan area anchored by Kansas City, Missouri, that straddles the border between the U.S. states of Missouri and Kansas.
Kathleen Madigan (born September 30, 1965) is an American comedian and TV personality.
Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson (born October 25, 1984), known professionally as Katy Perry, is an American singer, songwriter, and television judge.
Kelly Brianne Clarkson (born April 24, 1982) is an American singer and songwriter.
Robert Kelly Slater (born February 11, 1972) is an American professional surfer known for his competitive prowess and style.
Kensington is a neighborhood in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.
The King James Version (KJV), also known as the King James Bible (KJB) or simply the Version (AV), is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England, begun in 1604 and completed in 1611.
Michael Joseph "King" Kelly (December 31, 1857 – November 8, 1894), also commonly known as "$10,000 Kelly," was an American outfielder, catcher, and manager in various professional American baseball leagues including the National League, International Association, Players' League, and the American Association.
The Knights of Equity (KOE) is an Irish Catholic fraternal organization established in the US in 1895 and still in active operation in the 21st century.
The Native American Party, renamed the American Party in 1855 and commonly known as the Know Nothing movement, was an American nativist political party that operated nationally in the mid-1850s.
Kurt Donald Cobain (February 20, 1967 – April 5, 1994) was an American singer, songwriter, and musician.
Larne (the name of a Gaelic territory) is a seaport and industrial market town, as well as a civil parish, on the east coast of County Antrim, Northern Ireland, with a population of 18,323 people in the 2008 Estimate.
Lawrence J. "Larry" Morrissey (born September 4, 1969) is the former mayor of Rockford, Illinois.
Lawrence Francis O'Brien Jr. (July 7, 1917September 28, 1990) was one of the United States Democratic Party's leading electoral strategists for more than two decades.
Lawrence is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States, on the Merrimack River.
Lee Harvey Oswald (October 18, 1939 – November 24, 1963) was a Marxist and ex-Marine who assassinated United States President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963.
Jack "Legs" Diamond (possibly born John Thomas Diamond, though disputed; July 10, 1897 – December 18, 1931), also known as Gentleman Jack, was an Irish American gangster in Philadelphia and New York City during the Prohibition era.
The Leibniz Institute of European History (IEG) in Mainz, Germany, is an independent, public research institute that carries out and promotes historical research on the foundations of Europe in the early and late Modern period.
Liberal arts education (from Latin "free" and "art or principled practice") can claim to be the oldest programme of higher education in Western history.
Limerick (Luimneach) is a city in County Limerick, Ireland.
Lincoln is the capital of the U.S. state of Nebraska and the county seat of Lancaster County.
Lisa Ann Murkowski (born May 22, 1957) is the senior United States Senator from Alaska and member of the Republican Party.
This is a list of Americans of Irish descent, including both original immigrants who obtained American citizenship and their American-born descendants.
There are 197 US members of ACCU (Association of Catholic Colleges and Universities), as of 2014.
The following elections occurred in the year 1920.
The following are notable Irish Presbyterians.
The following is a list of Irish-American soldiers, sailors, airmen and Marines who were awarded the American military's highest decoration — the Medal of Honor.
The following is a provisional list of the Kings of Leinster who ruled the Irish kingdom of Leinster (or Laigin) up to 1632 with the death of Domhnall Spainneach Mac Murrough Caomhanach, the last legitimately inaugurated head of the MacMurrough Kavanagh royal line.
U.S. cities with large Irish American populations.
Little Nellie Kelly is a 1940 musical comedy film based on the stage musical of the same name by George M. Cohan which was a hit on Broadway in 1922 and 1923.
Long Island is a densely populated island off the East Coast of the United States, beginning at New York Harbor just 0.35 miles (0.56 km) from Manhattan Island and extending eastward into the Atlantic Ocean.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Louisiana is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
The Lowell Mill Girls were young female workers who came to work in industrial corporations in Lowell, Massachusetts, during the Industrial Revolution in the United States.
Lowell is a city in the U.S. Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
Maine is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Amanda Leigh Moore (born April 10, 1984) is an American singer, songwriter and actress.
Mankato is a city in Blue Earth, Nicollet, and Le Sueur counties in the state of Minnesota.
Manx Americans are American citizens of full or partial Manx ancestry or Manx people who reside in the United States of America.
Margaret "Maggie" Brown (née Tobin; July 18, 1867 – October 26, 1932), posthumously known as "The Unsinkable Molly Brown", was an American socialite and philanthropist.
Maria Elaine Cantwell (born October 13, 1958) is the junior United States Senator from Washington, elected in 2000.
Martha Bulloch "Mittie" Roosevelt (born Martha Stewart Bulloch; July 8, 1835 – February 14, 1884) was an American socialite.
Mary G. Harris Jones (baptized 1837; died 1930), known as Mother Jones, was an Irish-born American schoolteacher and dressmaker who became a prominent organized labor representative and community organizer.
Mary Mallon (September 23, 1869 – November 11, 1938), also known as Typhoid Mary, was an Irish-American cook.
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Matthew Thornton (March 17, 1713 – June 24, 1803) was an Irish-born signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of New Hampshire.
Maureen O'Hara (born Maureen FitzSimons; 17 August 192024 October 2015) was an Irish-American actress and singer.
Mayfair, centered on the intersection of Cottman and Frankford Avenues.
McCormick Theological Seminary is one of ten schools of theology of the Presbyterian Church (USA).
Mecklenburg County is a county located on the border in the southwestern part of the state of North Carolina, in the United States.
Mercersburg is a borough in Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Methodism or the Methodist movement is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley, an Anglican minister in England.
The Mexican–American War, also known as the Mexican War in the United States and in Mexico as the American intervention in Mexico, was an armed conflict between the United States of America and the United Mexican States (Mexico) from 1846 to 1848.
Edward Michael "Mike" Harrington, Jr. (February 24, 1928 – July 31, 1989) was an American democratic socialist, writer, author of The Other America, political activist, political theorist, professor of political science, radio commentator and founding member of the Democratic Socialists of America.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
The Mid-Atlantic, also called Middle Atlantic states or the Mid-Atlantic states, form a region of the United States generally located between New England and the South Atlantic States.
The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2").
Michael Edward Duggan (born July 15, 1958) is an American politician and businessman.
Michael Richard Pence (born June 7, 1959) is an American politician and lawyer serving as the 48th and current Vice President of the United States, in office since January 20, 2017.
Milford is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States.
A mill town, also known as factory town or mill village, is typically a settlement that developed around one or more mills or factories, usually cotton mills or factories producing textiles.
Milton is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States and an affluent suburb of Boston.
Milwaukee is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin and the fifth-largest city in the Midwestern United States.
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.
Mississippi is a state in the Southern United States, with part of its southern border formed by the Gulf of Mexico.
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States.
The Molly Maguires was an Irish 19th-century secret society active in Ireland, Liverpool and parts of the eastern United States, best known for their activism among Irish-American and Irish immigrant coal miners in Pennsylvania.
Molly Helen Shannon (born September 16, 1964) is an American actress who was a cast member on Saturday Night Live from 1995 to 2001.
Moneygall is a small village on the border of counties Offaly and Tipperary, in Ireland.
Monoglottism (Greek μόνοσ monos, "alone, solitary", + γλώττα glotta, "tongue, language") or, more commonly, monolingualism or unilingualism, is the condition of being able to speak only a single language, as opposed to multilingualism.
Montana is a state in the Northwestern United States.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Mounthill is a small village in County Antrim, Northern Ireland, near Larne.
Multilingualism is the use of more than one language, either by an individual speaker or by a community of speakers.
Irish music is music that has been created in various genres on the island of Ireland.
The Muskingum River (Shawnee: Wakatamothiipi) is a tributary of the Ohio River, approximately 111 miles (179 km) long, in southeastern Ohio in the United States.
Muskingum University is a private liberal arts college located in New Concord, Ohio, United States.
The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum is an American history museum and hall of fame, located in Cooperstown, New York, and operated by private interests.
The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a men's professional basketball league in North America; composed of 30 teams (29 in the United States and 1 in Canada).
The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference (NFC) and the American Football Conference (AFC).
National Review (NR) is an American semi-monthly conservative editorial magazine focusing on news and commentary pieces on political, social, and cultural affairs.
In the Republic of Ireland, a National school is a type of primary school that is financed directly by the State, but administered jointly by the State, a patron body, and local representatives.
Nationality is a legal relationship between an individual person and a state.
Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
Nativism is the political policy of promoting the interests of native inhabitants against those of immigrants.
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
Nebraska is a state that lies in both the Great Plains and the Midwestern United States.
Neil McGill Gorsuch (born August 29, 1967) is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Ellen "Nellie" Cashman (1845 – January 4, 1925), better known as Nellie Cashman, became noted across the American West and in western Canada as a nurse, restaurateur, businesswoman, Roman Catholic philanthropist in Arizona, and gold prospector in Alaska.
Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (July 8, 1908 – January 26, 1979) was an American businessman and politician who served as the 41st Vice President of the United States from 1974 to 1977, and previously as the 49th Governor of New York (1959–1973).
Nevada (see pronunciations) is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America.
New Concord is a village in Muskingum County, Ohio, United States.
New England is a geographical region comprising six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut.
New Fairfield is an affluent town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States.
New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
The New York City Council is the lawmaking body of the City of New York.
The New York City draft riots (July 13–16, 1863), known at the time as Draft Week, were violent disturbances in Lower Manhattan, widely regarded as the culmination of working-class discontent with new laws passed by Congress that year to draft men to fight in the ongoing American Civil War.
New York State Legislature are the two houses that act as the state legislature of the U.S. state of New York.
Newark is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey and the seat of Essex County.
The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Nobelprisen) is a set of six annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.
Lynn Nolan Ryan Jr. (born January 31, 1947), nicknamed The Ryan Express, is a former Major League Baseball (MLB) pitcher and a previous chief executive officer (CEO) of the Texas Rangers.
NORAID or the Irish Northern Aid Committee is an Irish American charitable organization founded after the start of the Troubles in Northern Ireland in 1969, best known for raising funds for the Provisional Irish Republican Army.
The United States Gaelic Athletic Association (USGAA) administers Gaelic games in the United States.
North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
North Dakota is a U.S. state in the midwestern and northern regions of the United States.
The city of Northampton is the county seat of Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States.
Northeast Philadelphia, nicknamed Northeast Philly, the Northeast and the Great Northeast, is a section of the City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The Northeastern United States, also referred to as the American Northeast or simply the Northeast, is a geographical region of the United States bordered to the north by Canada, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Southern United States, and to the west by the Midwestern United States.
A nun is a member of a religious community of women, typically living under vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience in the enclosure of a monastery.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
Oklahoma (Uukuhuúwa, Gahnawiyoˀgeh) is a state in the South Central region of the United States.
The terms Old Lights and New Lights (among others) are used in Protestant Christian circles to distinguish between two groups who were initially the same, but have come to a disagreement.
Omagh is the county town of County Tyrone, Northern Ireland.
Omaha is the largest city in the state of Nebraska and the county seat of Douglas County.
On the Waterfront is a 1954 American crime drama film directed by Elia Kazan, and written by Budd Schulberg.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
The Loyal Orange Institution, more commonly known as the Orange Order, is a Protestant fraternal order based primarily in Northern Ireland.
The Orange Riots took place in Manhattan, New York City, in 1870 and 1871, and they involved violent conflict between Irish Protestants, called "Orangemen", and Irish Catholics, along with the New York City Police Department and the New York State National Guard.
The Order of Friars Minor Capuchin (postnominal abbr. O.F.M.Cap.) is an order of friars within the Catholic Church, among the chief offshoots of the Franciscans.
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
A parochial school is a private primary or secondary school affiliated with a religious organization, and whose curriculum includes general religious education in addition to secular subjects, such as science, mathematics and language arts.
Patrick Joseph Toomey (born November 17, 1961) is an American businessman and politician serving as the junior United States Senator for Pennsylvania, elected in 2010.
Patrick Joseph Leahy (born March 31, 1940) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Vermont, a seat he was first elected to in 1974.
Patrick W. Kenny (died 22 April 1931) was an Irish politician.
Paul Davis Ryan Jr. (born January 29, 1970) is an American politician serving as the 54th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives since 2015.
Pawtucket is a city in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
Pennsport is a neighborhood in the South Philadelphia section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
Per capita is a Latin prepositional phrase: per (preposition, taking the accusative case, meaning "by means of") and capita (accusative plural of the noun caput, "head").
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
The Philadelphia Phillies are an American professional baseball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Philip Embury (Ballingrane, County Limerick, Ireland, 21 September 1729 - Camden, New York, August 1775) was a Methodist preacher, a leader of one of the earliest Methodist congregations in the United States.
The Piedmont is a plateau region located in the eastern United States.
Pierce Brendan Brosnan Hon (born 16 May 1953) is an Irish actor, film producer, and activist.
Pierce Butler (July 11, 1744February 15, 1822) is recognized as one of United States' Founding Fathers and was a soldier, planter, and statesman.
Pierce Butler (March 17, 1866 – November 16, 1939) was an American jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1923 until his death in 1939.
Alecia Beth Moore (born September 8, 1979), known professionally as Pink (stylized as), is an American singer, songwriter, dancer, and actress.
Piscataway is a township in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States.
Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County.
The Plantation of Ulster (Plandáil Uladh; Ulster-Scots: Plantin o Ulstèr) was the organised colonisation (plantation) of Ulstera province of Irelandby people from Great Britain during the reign of James VI and I. Most of the colonists came from Scotland and England, although there was a small number of Welsh settlers.
Plastic Paddy is a sometimes pejorative term for members of the Irish diaspora who misappropriate stereotypical aspects of Irish customs and identity.
A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect people and property, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.
A poorhouse or workhouse is a government-run (usually by a county or municipality) facility to support and provide housing for the dependent or needy.
Austin Richard Post (born July 4, 1995), known professionally as Post Malone, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter and record producer.
Presbyterianism is a part of the reformed tradition within Protestantism which traces its origins to Britain, particularly Scotland, and Ireland.
Princeton Theological Seminary (PTS) is a private, nonprofit, and independent graduate school of theology in Princeton, New Jersey.
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey.
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
Procuring or pandering is the facilitation or provision of a prostitute or sex worker in the arrangement of a sex act with a customer.
Albert Johnson (November 2, 1974 – June 20, 2017), better known by his stage name Prodigy, was an American rapper who was one half of the hip hop duo Mobb Deep with Havoc.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Providence is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Rhode Island and is one of the oldest cities in the United States.
The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA or Provisional IRA) was an Irish republican revolutionary organisation that sought to end British rule in Northern Ireland, facilitate the reunification of Ireland and bring about an independent socialist republic encompassing all of Ireland.
Public service is a service which is provided by government to people living within its jurisdiction, either directly (through the public sector) or by financing provision of services.
Puck was the first successful humor magazine in the United States of colorful cartoons, caricatures and political satire of the issues of the day.
The Pulitzer Prize is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature, and musical composition in the United States.
Punk rock (or "punk") is a rock music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia.
Quincy is the largest city in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States.
Richard Luke Concanen, O.P. (December 27, 1747 – June 19, 1810), was an Irish prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, who served as the first bishop of the Diocese of New York (1808–1810).
Racism in the United States against non-whites is widespread and has been so the colonial era.
Ramelton is a town in County Donegal, Ireland.
Raymond Leo Flynn (born July 22, 1939), known as Ray Flynn, is an American politician who served as 52nd Mayor of Boston, Massachusetts from 1984 until 1993.
A reaper is a farm implement or person that reaps (cuts and often also gathers) crops at harvest when they are ripe.
Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.
Rehobeth is an unincorporated community in Somerset County, Maryland, United States.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Republicanism is an ideology centered on citizenship in a state organized as a republic under which the people hold popular sovereignty.
Rescue Me is an American comedy-drama television series that premiered on the FX on July 21, 2004 and concluded on September 7, 2011.
Rhode Island, officially the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is a state in the New England region of the United States.
Richard FitzGilbert de Clare, The family name ‘de Clare’ was also rendered ‘of Clare’ in contemporary sources.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
Richmond is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Richard Francis Dennis Barry III (born March 28, 1944) is an American retired professional basketball player who played in both the American Basketball Association (ABA) and National Basketball Association (NBA).
Richard John Santorum (born May 10, 1958) is an American attorney, author, politician, and political commentator.
RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in the early hours of 15 April 1912, after colliding with an iceberg during its maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City.
Robert Emmet Hannegan (June 30, 1903October 6, 1949) was a St. Louis, Missouri politician who served as Commissioner of Internal Revenue from October 1943 to January 1944.
Robert Francis "Bobby" Kennedy (November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968) was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 64th United States Attorney General from January 1961 to September 1964, and as a U.S. Senator for New York from January 1965 until his assassination in June 1968.
Robert Strawbridge (died 1781) was a Methodist preacher born in Drumsna, County Leitrim, Ireland.
Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll or rock 'n' roll) is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950sJim Dawson and Steve Propes, What Was the First Rock'n'Roll Record (1992),.
Rockford is the third largest city in the U.S. state of Illinois, the 171st most populous city in the United States, the largest city in Illinois outside the Chicago metropolitan area, and the city of the 148th most populous metropolitan area in the United States.
Roger Philip Bresnahan (June 11, 1879 – December 4, 1944), nicknamed "The Duke of Tralee", was an American player and manager in Major League Baseball (MLB).
Roger Connor (July 1, 1857 – January 4, 1931) was a 19th-century Major League Baseball (MLB) player.
Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
Ryan Max Riley (born May 15, 1979) is a novelist, humorist, and athlete who was a humor writer for The Harvard Lampoon.
Ryan's Hope is an American soap opera created by Claire Labine and Paul Avila Mayer, originally airing for 13 years on ABC from July 7, 1975 to January 13, 1989.
The Saint Patrick's Battalion (Batallón de San Patricio), formed and led by John Riley, was a unit of 175 to several hundred immigrants (accounts vary) and expatriates of European descent who fought as part of the Mexican Army against the United States in the Mexican–American War of 1846–48.
Saint Patrick's Day, or the Feast of Saint Patrick (Lá Fhéile Pádraig, "the Day of the Festival of Patrick"), is a cultural and religious celebration held on 17 March, the traditional death date of Saint Patrick (AD 385–461), the foremost patron saint of Ireland.
Saint Paul (abbreviated St. Paul) is the capital and second-most populous city of the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Sam Houston (March 2, 1793July 26, 1863) was an American soldier and politician.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
Savannah is the oldest city in the U.S. state of Georgia and is the county seat of Chatham County.
Scituate is a seacoast town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States, on the South Shore, midway between Boston and Plymouth.
Scotch-Irish (or Scots-Irish) Americans are American descendants of Presbyterian and other Ulster Protestant Dissenters from various parts of Ireland, but usually from the province of Ulster, who migrated during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Scottish Americans or Scots Americans (Scottish Gaelic: Ameireaganaich Albannach; Scots-American) are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in Scotland.
Scottish Canadians are people of Scottish descent or heritage living in Canada.
The Scottish people (Scots: Scots Fowk, Scottish Gaelic: Albannaich), or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically, they emerged from an amalgamation of two Celtic-speaking peoples, the Picts and Gaels, who founded the Kingdom of Scotland (or Alba) in the 9th century. Later, the neighbouring Celtic-speaking Cumbrians, as well as Germanic-speaking Anglo-Saxons and Norse, were incorporated into the Scottish nation. In modern usage, "Scottish people" or "Scots" is used to refer to anyone whose linguistic, cultural, family ancestral or genetic origins are from Scotland. The Latin word Scoti originally referred to the Gaels, but came to describe all inhabitants of Scotland. Considered archaic or pejorative, the term Scotch has also been used for Scottish people, primarily outside Scotland. John Kenneth Galbraith in his book The Scotch (Toronto: MacMillan, 1964) documents the descendants of 19th-century Scottish pioneers who settled in Southwestern Ontario and affectionately referred to themselves as 'Scotch'. He states the book was meant to give a true picture of life in the community in the early decades of the 20th century. People of Scottish descent live in many countries other than Scotland. Emigration, influenced by factors such as the Highland and Lowland Clearances, Scottish participation in the British Empire, and latterly industrial decline and unemployment, have resulted in Scottish people being found throughout the world. Scottish emigrants took with them their Scottish languages and culture. Large populations of Scottish people settled the new-world lands of North and South America, Australia and New Zealand. Canada has the highest level of Scottish descendants per capita in the world and the second-largest population of Scottish descendants, after the United States. Scotland has seen migration and settlement of many peoples at different periods in its history. The Gaels, the Picts and the Britons have their respective origin myths, like most medieval European peoples. Germanic peoples, such as the Anglo-Saxons, arrived beginning in the 7th century, while the Norse settled parts of Scotland from the 8th century onwards. In the High Middle Ages, from the reign of David I of Scotland, there was some emigration from France, England and the Low Countries to Scotland. Some famous Scottish family names, including those bearing the names which became Bruce, Balliol, Murray and Stewart came to Scotland at this time. Today Scotland is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens.
Scranton is the sixth-largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania behind Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown, Erie and Reading.
Seanad Éireann (Senate of Ireland) is the government upper house of the Oireachtas (the Irish legislature), which also comprises the President of Ireland and Dáil Éireann (the lower house).
The Shankill Butchers was an Ulster loyalist gang—many of whom were members of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)—that was active between 1975 and 1982 in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
A skilled worker is any worker who has special skill, training, knowledge, and (usually acquired) ability in their work.
Social conservatism is the belief that society is built upon a fragile network of relationships which need to be upheld through duty, traditional values and established institutions.
The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.
The Society of United Irishmen was founded as a liberal political organisation in 18th-century Ireland that initially sought Parliamentary reform.
Soul music (often referred to simply as soul) is a popular music genre that originated in the African American community in the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
South Boston is a densely populated neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, located south and east of the Fort Point Channel and abutting Dorchester Bay.
South Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
South Dakota is a U.S. state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
South Philadelphia, nicknamed South Philly, is the section of Philadelphia bounded by South Street to the north, the Delaware River to the east and south, and the Schuylkill River to the west.
South Side Irish is the large Irish-American community on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois.
The South Side is a region of the city of Chicago.
Southern Gothic is a subgenre of Gothic fiction in American literature that takes place in the American South.
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.
Spencer Bonaventure Tracy (April 5, 1900 – June 10, 1967) was an American actor, noted for his natural style and versatility.
In Major League Baseball (MLB), spring training is a series of practices and exhibition games preceding the start of the regular season.
Squantum is a neighborhood of Quincy, Massachusetts connected to the mainland by a causeway that crosses over a wetland area of the bay.
Stephen Arnold Douglas (April 23, 1813 – June 3, 1861) was an American politician from Illinois and the designer of the Kansas–Nebraska Act.
Stephen Tyrone Colbert (born May 13, 1964) is an American comedian, writer, producer, actor, and television host.
Stock car racing is a form of automobile racing found mainly and most prominently in the United States and Canada, with Australia, New Zealand, Great Britain and Brazil also having forms of stock car auto racing.
Strabane, historically spelt Straban, is a town in west Tyrone, Northern Ireland.
The Super Bowl is the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL).
Susan Margaret Collins (born December 7, 1952) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Maine, a seat she was first elected to in 1996.
Syracuse is a city in and the county seat of Onondaga County, New York, in the United States.
Tammany Hall, also known as the Society of St.
Taunton is a city in Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States.
Taylor Alison Swift (born December 13, 1989) is an American singer-songwriter.
Tennessee (translit) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.
Terence Richard McAuliffe (born February 9, 1957) is an American politician and former entrepreneur who served as the 72nd Governor of Virginia from 2014 to 2018.
Teresa Susan Donohue (May 1869 – April 1932), better known as Tessie Wall was an American madam who owned and operated brothels in San Francisco, California from 1898 to 1917.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
The Cardinal is a 1963 American drama film which was produced independently and directed by Otto Preminger, and distributed by Columbia Pictures.
The Carolinas are the U.S. states of North Carolina and South Carolina, considered collectively.
The Crane Wife is the fourth album by The Decemberists, released in 2006.
The Decemberists are an American indie rock band from Portland, Oregon.
The Departed is a 2006 American crime drama film directed by Martin Scorsese and written by William Monahan.
The Friends of Eddie Coyle is a 1973 crime film directed by Peter Yates and starring Robert Mitchum and Peter Boyle.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Long Gray Line is a 1955 American Technicolor drama film in CinemaScope directed by John Ford and based on the life of Marty Maher.
The Maritimes, also called the Maritime provinces (Provinces maritimes) or the Canadian Maritimes, is a region of Eastern Canada consisting of three provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island (PEI).
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Quiet Man is a 1952 Technicolor American romantic comedy-drama film directed by John Ford.
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
– Thomas Fitzsimons (1741–1811) was an American merchant and statesman of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Thomas Lynch Jr. (August 5, 1749 – 1779) was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of South Carolina; his father was unable to sign the Declaration of Independence because of illness.
Thomas McKean (March 19, 1734June 24, 1817) was an American lawyer and politician from New Castle, in New Castle County, Delaware and Philadelphia.
Thomas Nast (September 27, 1840 – December 7, 1902) was a German-born American caricaturist and editorial cartoonist considered to be the "Father of the American Cartoon".
Thomas Taggart (November 17, 1856March 6, 1929) was the political boss of the Democratic Party in Indiana for the first quarter of the twentieth century and remained an influential political figure in local, state, and national politics until his death.
Timothy Michael Kaine (born February 26, 1958) is an American attorney and politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Virginia since 2013.
Samuel Timothy McGraw (born May 1, 1967) is an American country singer and actor.
Thomas Mark Barrett (born December 8, 1953) is an American politician and member of the Democratic Party who has served as the 44th and current Mayor of Milwaukee, Wisconsin since 2004.
Thomas Edward Patrick Brady Jr. (born August 3, 1977) is an American football quarterback for the New England Patriots of the National Football League (NFL).
Thomas Earl Petty (October 20, 1950 – October 2, 2017) was an American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, and actor.
Victoria Loren Kelly (born December 14, 1992) is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, and actress.
Trompe-l'œil (French for "deceive the eye", pronounced) is an art technique that uses realistic imagery to create the optical illusion that the depicted objects exist in three dimensions.
Troy is a city in the U.S. state of New York and the seat of Rensselaer County.
Frank Edwin "Tug" McGraw, Jr. (August 30, 1944 – January 5, 2004) was a Major League Baseball relief pitcher and the father of American singer and actor Tim McGraw.
Tyrone Edmund Power III (May 5, 1914 – November 15, 1958) was an American film, stage and radio actor.
Ulster (Ulaidh or Cúige Uladh, Ulster Scots: Ulstèr or Ulster) is a province in the north of the island of Ireland.
Ulster loyalism is a political ideology found primarily among working class Ulster Protestants in Northern Ireland, whose status as a part of the United Kingdom has remained controversial.
The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots: Ulstèr-Scotch), also called Ulster-Scots people (Ulstèr-Scotch fowk) or, outside the British Isles, Scots-Irish (Scotch-Airisch), are an ethnic group in Ireland, found mostly in the Ulster region and to a lesser extent in the rest of Ireland.
The Ulster-Scots Agency (Tha Boord o Ulstèr-Scotch) is a cross-border body for Ireland which seeks to "promote the study, conservation and development of Ulster-Scots as a living language, to encourage and develop the full range of its attendant culture, and to promote an understanding of the history of the Ulster-Scots.".
Ulysses Simpson Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American soldier and statesman who served as Commanding General of the Army and the 18th President of the United States, the highest positions in the military and the government of the United States.
During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the Union, also known as the North, referred to the United States of America and specifically to the national government of President Abraham Lincoln and the 20 free states, as well as 4 border and slave states (some with split governments and troops sent both north and south) that supported it.
During the American Civil War, the Union Army referred to the United States Army, the land force that fought to preserve the Union of the collective states.
Union Presbyterian Seminary, located on the near north side of the city of Richmond, Virginia, United States, is a theological seminary founded by the Presbyterian Church.
The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.
The United States Declaration of Independence is the statement adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting at the Pennsylvania State House (now known as Independence Hall) in Philadelphia on July 4, 1776.
The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.
The University of Glasgow (Oilthigh Ghlaschu; Universitas Glasguensis; abbreviated as Glas. in post-nominals) is the fourth-oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's four ancient universities.
The University of North Carolina Press (or UNC Press), founded in 1922, is a university press that is part of the University of North Carolina.
The University of Notre Dame du Lac (or simply Notre Dame or ND) is a private, non-profit Catholic research university in the community of Notre Dame, Indiana, near the city of South Bend, in the United States.
The Province of Upper Canada (province du Haut-Canada) was a part of British Canada established in 1791 by the Kingdom of Great Britain, to govern the central third of the lands in British North America and to accommodate Loyalist refugees of the United States after the American Revolution.
Upstate New York is the portion of the American state of New York lying north of the New York metropolitan area.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
Utah is a state in the western United States.
Vermont is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Walter Elias Disney (December 5, 1901December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and film producer.
Warren Gamaliel Harding (November 2, 1865 – August 2, 1923) was an American politician who served as the 29th President of the United States from 1921 until his death in 1923.
Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Waxhaws is a geographical area on the border of North and South Carolina.
Welsh Americans are an American ethnic group whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in Wales.
West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States.
The Western United States, commonly referred to as the American West, the Far West, or simply the West, traditionally refers to the region comprising the westernmost states of the United States.
Westport is an affluent town located in Connecticut, along Long Island Sound within Connecticut's Gold Coast in Fairfield County, Connecticut.
Weymouth is a city in Norfolk County, Massachusetts.
James Joseph "Whitey" Bulger Jr. (born September 3, 1929) is an Irish-American former organized crime boss of the Winter Hill Gang in Boston, Massachusetts.
John William Ferrell (born July 16, 1967) is an American actor, comedian, producer, and writer.
William Frank Buckley Jr. (born William Francis Buckley; November 24, 1925 – February 27, 2008) was an American conservative author and commentator.
William Michael Harnett (August 10, 1848 – October 29, 1892) was an Irish-American painter known for his trompe-l'œil still lifes of ordinary objects.
William Howard Taft (September 15, 1857 – March 8, 1930) was the 27th President of the United States (1909–1913) and the tenth Chief Justice of the United States (1921–1930), the only person to have held both offices.
William Joseph Brennan Jr. (April 25, 1906 – July 24, 1997) was an American judge who served as an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court from 1956 to 1990.
William McKinley (January 29, 1843 – September 14, 1901) was the 25th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1897 until his assassination in September 1901, six months into his second term.
William O'Dwyer (July 11, 1890November 24, 1964) was an Irish-American politician and diplomat who served as the 100th Mayor of New York City, holding that office from 1946 to 1950.
William Paterson (December 24, 1745 – September 9, 1806) was a New Jersey statesman and a signer of the United States Constitution.
Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.
Theobald Wolfe Tone, posthumously known as Wolfe Tone (20 June 1763 – 19 November 1798), was a leading Irish revolutionary figure and one of the founding members of the United Irishmen, and is regarded as the father of Irish republicanism and leader of the 1798 Irish Rebellion.
Women's History Review is a bimonthly peer-reviewed academic journal of women's history published by Routledge.
Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was an American statesman and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921.
Wyoming is a state in the mountain region of the western United States.
The term "Yankee" and its contracted form "Yank" have several interrelated meanings, all referring to people from the United States; its various senses depend on the context.
Yonkers is the fourth most populous city in the U.S. state of New York, behind New York City, Buffalo, and Rochester.
Young Ireland (Éire Óg) was a political, cultural and social movement of the mid-19th century.
The 69th Infantry Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Army.
American Irish, Americans of Irish descent, Americay, Amerikay, Discrimination against Irish Americans, Hiberno-American, Irish American, Irish-America, Irish-American, Irish-Americans, Irish-americans, Political views of Irish Americans, Stereotypes of Irish Americans.