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Index Irkutsk

Irkutsk (p) is a city and the administrative center of Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, and one of the largest cities in Siberia. [1]

167 relations: Administrative centre, Administrative divisions of Irkutsk Oblast, Aleksandr Averbukh, Alexander Kolchak, Alexander Vampilov, Alexei Fedchenko, Alexey Negodaylo, Anatoli Ivanishin, Angara River, Angarsk, Angelina Zhuk-Krasnova, Attack aircraft, Évian-les-Bains, Bandy, Baykal-Energiya, Baykalsky State University of Economics and Law, Beaver, Bolsheviks, Boris Volynov, Botanic Garden of the Irkutsk State University, Botanical garden, Bratsk Hydroelectric Power Station, Buryat language, Buryats, China, Chita Oblast, City of federal subject significance, Coat of arms, Crimean War, Darya Dmitriyeva, Decembrist revolt, Denis Matsuev, Diamond, Dijon, East Siberian Oblast, Eugene, Oregon, Federation of International Bandy, Flickr, France, Fur, Gangneung, Gazprom, Germany, GlobalSecurity.org, Gold, Grenoble, Humid continental climate, Ilyushin, Immaculate Heart of Mary Cathedral, Irkutsk, Institute of Geochemistry, ..., Interceptor aircraft, International Airport Irkutsk, Irkut Corporation, Irkut River, Irkutsk Hydroelectric Power Station, Irkutsk National Research Technical University, Irkutsk Northwest Airport, Irkutsk Oblast, Irkutsk State Linguistic University, Irkutsk State Pedagogical College, Irkutsk State University, Irkutsky District, Italy, Japan, Kanazawa, Köppen climate classification, Khanate of Sibir, Konstantin Vyrupayev, Kyakhta, Lake Baikal, Long track speed skating, M55 highway (Russia), Maria Bruntseva, Marshrutka, Middle Ages, Mikhail Mil, Mikhail Romm, Mikhail Speransky, Mikoyan, Mongolia, Moscow, Municipal divisions of Russia, Museum, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Nazí Paikidze, Nicholas I of Russia, Nikolai Polevoy, Nikolay Kamov, Nikolay Okhlopkov, Nikolay Vtorov, Nina Kraviz, Nobility, Novi Sad, Oblast, October Revolution, Oleksandr Shlapak, Olga Buyanova, Olga Kurban, Olga Zhitova, Ostrog (fortress), Oxana Kostina, Paris, Petropavlovsk plc, Pforzheim, Pordenone, Precipitation, President of Russia, R255 highway (Russia), Rekord Irkutsk, Rekord Stadium, Royal Institute of Chemistry, Rudolf Nureyev, Rusal, Russia, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Bandy Super League, Russian Civil War, Russian Geographical Society, Sable, Serbia, Shelekhov, Shenyang, Siberia, Siberia, Siberia, Siberian tiger, Silk, Sister city, South Korea, Soviet Union, Strömsund, Subarctic climate, Sukhoi, Sukhoi Su-30, Sweden, Taiga, Tea, The New York Times, Trans-Siberian Highway, Trans-Siberian Railway, Transbaikal, Tributary, Tsar, Tupolev, Tuvans, Types of inhabited localities in Russia, Ulaanbaatar, United Aircraft Corporation, United States, Ust-Ilimsk Hydroelectric Power Station, V.B. Sochava Institute of Geography SB RAS, Valentin Rasputin, Vernacular architecture, Vladimir Kornilov, Vladimir Putin, Vladivostok, Vyacheslav Klykov, White movement, Wood, Yakovlev, Yakutsk, Yasak, Yenisei River, Yugra, 2012 Women's Bandy World Championship, 2014 Bandy World Championship, 2016 Irkutsk mass methanol poisoning, 2019 Bandy World Championship. Expand index (117 more) »

Administrative centre

An administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government, or a county town, or the place where the central administration of a commune is located.

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Administrative divisions of Irkutsk Oblast

*Ust-Orda Buryat Okrug.

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Aleksandr Averbukh

Aleksandr Valeryevich Averbukh (Александр Валерьевич Авербух, אלכס אברבוך; born October 1, 1974) is a retired Israeli Olympic athlete who competed in the pole vault.

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Alexander Kolchak

Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak CB (Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к, – 7 February 1920) was an Imperial Russian admiral, military leader and polar explorer who served in the Imperial Russian Navy, who fought in the Russo-Japanese War and the First World War.

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Alexander Vampilov

Alexander Valentinovich Vampilov (Александр Валентинович Вампилов) (19 August 1937, Cheremkhovo, Irkutsk Oblast – 17 August 1972 at Lake Baikal) was a Russian playwright.

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Alexei Fedchenko

Alexei Pavlovich Fedchenko (Алексей Павлович Федченко; 7 February 184415 September 1873) was a Russian naturalist and explorer well known for his travels in central Asia.

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Alexey Negodaylo

Alexey Aleksandrovich Negodaylo (Алексей Александрович Негодайло; born 28 May 1989) is a Russian bobsledder who has competed since 2010.

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Anatoli Ivanishin

Anatoli Alekseyevich Ivanishin (Анатолий Алексеевич Иванишин; born 15 January 1969 in Irkutsk) is a Russian cosmonaut.

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Angara River

The Angara River (Ангар, Angar, "Cleft"; Ангара́, Angará) is a river in Siberia, which traces a course through Russia's Irkutsk Oblast and Krasnoyarsk Krai.

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Angarsk (p) is a city and the administrative center of Angarsky District of Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Kitoy River, from Irkutsk, the administrative center of the oblast.

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Angelina Zhuk-Krasnova

Angelina Zhuk-Krasnova (Ангелина Жук-Краснова; born 7 February 1991) is a Russian athlete specialising in the pole vault.

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Attack aircraft

An attack aircraft, strike aircraft, or attack bomber, is a tactical military aircraft that has a primary role of carrying out airstrikes with greater precision than bombers, and is prepared to encounter strong low-level air defenses while pressing the attack.

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Évian-les-Bains or Évian is a commune in the northern part of the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.

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Bandy is a team winter sport played on ice, in which skaters use sticks to direct a ball into the opposing team's goal.

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Baykal-Energiya (Байкал-Энергия) is a bandy club from Irkutsk, Russia.

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Baykalsky State University of Economics and Law

Baikal State University is a Russian state educational institution of higher professional learning which provides under-graduate, graduate, post-graduate and advanced education in Economics, Management, Law, Applied Computer Science in Economics, Journalism, Psychology and Sociology.

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The beaver (genus Castor) is a large, primarily nocturnal, semiaquatic rodent.

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The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists or Bolsheviki (p; derived from bol'shinstvo (большинство), "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority"), were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.

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Boris Volynov

Boris Valentinovich Volynov (Бори́с Валенти́нович Волы́нов; born 18 December 1934) is a Soviet cosmonaut who flew two space missions of the Soyuz programme: Soyuz 5, and Soyuz 21.

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Botanic Garden of the Irkutsk State University

The Botanic Garden of the Irkutsk State University is a botanic garden in Irkutsk, Siberia, Russia.

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Botanical garden

A botanical garden or botanic gardenThe terms botanic and botanical and garden or gardens are used more-or-less interchangeably, although the word botanic is generally reserved for the earlier, more traditional gardens.

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Bratsk Hydroelectric Power Station

The Bratsk Hydroelectric Power Station (also referred to as 50 years of Great October) is a concrete gravity dam on the Angara River and adjacent hydroelectric power station.

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Buryat language

Buryat or Buriat (Buryat Cyrillic: буряад хэлэн, buryaad xelen) is a variety of Mongolic spoken by the Buryats that is classified either as a language or as a major dialect group of Mongolian.

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The Buryats (Buryaad; 1, Buriad), numbering approximately 500,000, are the largest indigenous group in Siberia, mainly concentrated in their homeland, the Buryat Republic, a federal subject of Russia.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Chita Oblast

Chita Oblast (p) was a federal subject of Russia (an oblast) in southeast Siberia, Russia.

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City of federal subject significance

City of federal subject significance is an umbrella term used to refer to a type of an administrative division of a federal subject of Russia which is equal in status to a district but is organized around a large city; occasionally with surrounding rural territories.

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Coat of arms

A coat of arms is a heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard.

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Crimean War

The Crimean War (or translation) was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia.

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Darya Dmitriyeva

Darya Andreyevna Dmitriyeva (Дарья Андреевна Дмитриева; born 22 June 1993) is a Russian rhythmic gymnast.

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Decembrist revolt

The Decembrist revolt or the Decembrist uprising (r) took place in Imperial Russia on.

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Denis Matsuev

Denis Leonidovich Matsuev (Дени́с Леони́дович Мацу́ев, born June 11, 1975) is a Russian classical pianist.

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Diamond is a solid form of carbon with a diamond cubic crystal structure.

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Dijon is a city in eastern:France, capital of the Côte-d'Or département and of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.

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East Siberian Oblast

The East Siberian Oblast was an early oblast of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, which existed from December 5, 1936 to September 26, 1937.

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Eugene, Oregon

Eugene is a city of the Pacific Northwest in the U.S. state of Oregon.

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Federation of International Bandy

The Federation of International Bandy (FIB; Fédération internationale de bandy, Международная федерация хоккея с мячом, Internationella Bandyförbundet) is the international governing body for the sport of bandy, including the variant called rink bandy.

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Flickr (pronounced "flicker") is an image hosting service and video hosting service.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Fur is the hair covering of non-human mammals, particularly those mammals with extensive body hair that is soft and thick.

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Gangneung is a city in the province of Gangwon-do, on the east coast of South Korea.

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Public Joint Stock Company Gazprom (Публи́чное акционе́рное о́бщество «Газпром», Publichnoe Aktsionernoe Obshchestvo Gazprom, abbreviated PAO Gazprom, ПАО «Газпром») is a large Russian company founded in 1989, which carries on the business of extraction, production, transport, and sale of natural gas.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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GlobalSecurity.org is a nonpartisan, independent, nonprofit organization that serves as a think tank, research and consultancy group, and website.

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Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.

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Grenoble is a city in southeastern France, at the foot of the French Alps where the river Drac joins the Isère.

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Humid continental climate

A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold in the northern areas) winters.

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Public Joint Stock Company Ilyushin Aviation Complex, operating as Ilyushin (Ilyushin) (Илью́шин) or Ilyushin Design Bureau, is a Russian aircraft manufacturer and design bureau, founded by Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin.

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Immaculate Heart of Mary Cathedral, Irkutsk

The Immaculate Heart of Mary Cathedral (Собор Непорочного Сердца Божией Матери)is the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Saint Joseph at Irkutsk.

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Institute of Geochemistry

Institute of Geochemistry, which is located in Guiyang, the capital of Guizhou Province of China, was founded in 1966 by the Beijing Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (now Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences).

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Interceptor aircraft

An interceptor aircraft, or simply interceptor, is a type of fighter aircraft designed specifically to attack enemy aircraft, particularly bombers and reconnaissance aircraft, as they approach.

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International Airport Irkutsk

International Airport Irkutsk (Russian: Международный Аэропорт Иркутск) is an airport on the outskirts of Irkutsk, Russia, at a distance of 60 kilometers (37 miles) from Lake Baikal.

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Irkut Corporation

The JSC Irkut Corporation (Иркут) is a Russian aircraft manufacturer, headquartered in the Aeroport District, Northern Administrative Okrug, Moscow, and is best known as being the manufacturer of the Sukhoi Su-30 family of interceptor/ground-attack aircraft.

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Irkut River

Irkut (Ирку́т, Эрхүү гол, Эрхүү гол) is a river in the Buryat Republic and Irkutsk Oblast of Russia.

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Irkutsk Hydroelectric Power Station

The Irkutsk Hydroelectric Power Station (Irkutsk HPS) is a rock-fill dam on the Angara River with an adjacent hydroelectric power station.

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Irkutsk National Research Technical University

National Research Irkutsk State Technical University (full name in Russian: Иркутский национальный исследовательский технический университет), formerly Irkutsk State Technical University, is a technical university in Russia.

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Irkutsk Northwest Airport

Irkutsk Northwest Airport is an airport in Russia located 11 km northwest of Irkutsk.

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Irkutsk Oblast

Irkutsk Oblast (Ирку́тская о́бласть, Irkutskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in southeastern Siberia in the basins of the Angara, Lena, and Nizhnyaya Tunguska Rivers.

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Irkutsk State Linguistic University

Irkutsk State Linguistic University (Иркутский государственный лингвистический университет (ИГЛУ)) is a university in Irkutsk, Siberia in eastern Russia founded in 1948.

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Irkutsk State Pedagogical College

Irkutsk State Pedagogical College, also called Irkutsk State Teacher Training University was founded in 1909 in Irkutsk, Siberia as the University for training intending teachers for schools and colleges.

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Irkutsk State University

Irkutsk State University (Russian: Иркутский государственный университет) was founded in October 1918 in Irkutsk, Siberia.

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Irkutsky District

Irkutsky District (Ирку́тский райо́н) is an administrative district, one of the thirty-three in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia.

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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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is a city located in Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Khanate of Sibir

The Khanate of Sibir, also historically called the Khanate of Turan, was a Tatar Khanate located in southwestern Siberia with a Turco-Mongol ruling class.

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Konstantin Vyrupayev

Konstantin Vyrupayev (10 October 1930 – 31 October 2012) was a Soviet wrestler and Olympic Champion.

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Kyakhta (Кя́хта,; Xyaagta) is a town and the administrative center of Kyakhtinsky District in the Republic of Buryatia, Russia, located on the Kyakhta River near the Mongolia–Russia border.

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Lake Baikal

Lake Baikal (p; Байгал нуур, Baigal nuur; Байгал нуур, Baigal nuur, etymologically meaning, in Mongolian, "the Nature Lake") is a rift lake in Russia, located in southern Siberia, between Irkutsk Oblast to the northwest and the Buryat Republic to the southeast.

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Long track speed skating

Speed skating (also long track speed skating) is the Olympic discipline of speed skating where competitors are timed while crossing a set distance.

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M55 highway (Russia)

The Russian route M55 is a federal highway in Russia, part of the Baikal Highway (which is part of the Trans-Siberian Highway): The highway runs from Irkutsk through Ulan-Ude to Chita with a total length of 1113 km.

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Maria Bruntseva

Maria Bruntseva (born 12 June 1980) is a volleyball player from Russia, who played in several positions.

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Marshrutka (Russian: маршру́тка), from marshrutne taksi routed taxicab, is a form of public transportation such as a share taxi for the countries of CIS, the Baltic states, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Armenia, and Georgia.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Mikhail Mil

Mikhail Leontyevich Mil (Михаи́л Лео́нтьевич Миль; 22 November 1909 – 31 January 1970), aerospace engineer, scientist.

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Mikhail Romm

Mikhail Ilych Romm (Михаи́л Ильи́ч Ромм; – 1 November 1971) was a Soviet film director.

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Mikhail Speransky

Count Mikhail Mikhailovich Speransky (Михаи́л Миха́йлович Спера́нский; 12 January 1772 – 23 February 1839) was a Russian reformist during the reign of Alexander I of Russia, to whom he was a close advisor.

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Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG (Rossiyskaya samoletostroitel'naya korporatsiya "MiG") is a Russian aerospace joint stock company.

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Mongolia (Monggol Ulus in Mongolian; in Mongolian Cyrillic) is a landlocked unitary sovereign state in East Asia.

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Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.

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Municipal divisions of Russia

The municipal divisions in Russia, called the municipal formations (муниципальные образования), are territorial divisions of the Russian Federation within which the state governance is augmented with local self-government independent of the state organs of governance within the law, to manage local affairs.

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A museum (plural musea or museums) is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance.

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National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.

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Nazí Paikidze

Nazí Paikidze, sometimes also referred to as Paikidze-Barnes, (ნაზი პაიკიძე; Нази Нодаровна Паикидзе-Барнс;, born 27 October 1993) is a Georgian American chess player who holds the FIDE titles of International Master (IM) and Woman Grandmaster (WGM).

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Nicholas I of Russia

Nicholas I (r; –) was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855.

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Nikolai Polevoy

Nikolai Alekseevich Polevoy (Russian Никола́й Алексе́евич Полево́й) (-) was a controversial Russian editor, writer, translator, and historian; his brother was the critic and journalist Ksenofont Polevoy and his sister the writer and publisher of folktales Ekaterina Avdeeva.

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Nikolay Kamov

Nikolay Ilyich Kamov (Никола́й Ильи́ч Ка́мов) was the leading constructor of the Soviet/Russian Kamov helicopter design bureau.

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Nikolay Okhlopkov

Nikolay Pavlovich Okhlopkov (Никола́й Па́влович Охло́пков; 15 May 1900 – 8 January 1967), PAU, was a Soviet actor and theatre director who patterned his work after Meyerhold.

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Nikolay Vtorov

Nikolay Alexandrovich Vtorov (Никола́й Алекса́ндрович Вто́ров; – 20 May 1918) was a Russian industrialist.

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Nina Kraviz

Nina Kravits (Нина Кравиц) better known as Nina Kraviz is a Russian DJ, music producer and singer.

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Nobility is a social class in aristocracy, normally ranked immediately under royalty, that possesses more acknowledged privileges and higher social status than most other classes in a society and with membership thereof typically being hereditary.

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Novi Sad

Novi Sad (Нови Сад,; Újvidék; Nový Sad; see below for other names) is the second largest city of Serbia, the capital of the autonomous province of Vojvodina and the administrative center of the South Bačka District.

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An oblast is a type of administrative division of Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Ukraine, and the former Soviet Union and Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.

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October Revolution

The October Revolution (p), officially known in Soviet literature as the Great October Socialist Revolution (Вели́кая Октя́брьская социалисти́ческая револю́ция), and commonly referred to as Red October, the October Uprising, the Bolshevik Revolution, or the Bolshevik Coup, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917.

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Oleksandr Shlapak

Oleksandr Vіtaliyovych Shlapak (Олександр Віталійович Шлапак; born 1 January 1960) is a Ukrainian politician, bureaucrat, and former Minister of Finance of Ukraine.

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Olga Buyanova

Olga Vladimirovna Buyanova (Ольга Владимировна Буянова; born March 27, 1954 in Irkutsk, RSFSR) is an Honored Master of Sports coach in Rhythmic gymnastics of the USSR and Russia.

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Olga Kurban

Olga Ivanovna Kurban (Ольга Ивановна Курбан; born December 16, 1987 in Irkutsk) is a female heptathlete from Russia, who competed for her native country at the 2008 Summer Olympics, and the 2012 Summer Olympics in London.

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Olga Zhitova

Olga Zhitova (born 25 July 1983) is a retired Russian volleyball player.

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Ostrog (fortress)

Ostrog (p) is a Russian term for a small fort, typically wooden and often non-permanently manned.

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Oxana Kostina

Oksana Alexandrovna Kostina (Оксана Александровна Костина; 15 April 1972 – 11 February 1993) was a Soviet and Russian individual rhythmic gymnast.

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Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.

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Petropavlovsk plc

Petropavlovsk plc (formerly Peter Hambro Mining plc) is a London-based gold mining company with operations in Russia.

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Pforzheim is a city of nearly 120,000 inhabitants in the federal state of Baden-Württemberg, in the southwest of Germany.

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Pordenone (Pordenon; Pordenon) is the main comune of Pordenone province of northeast Italy in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region.

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In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.

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President of Russia

The President of the Russian Federation (Prezident Rossiyskoy Federatsii) is the elected head of state of the Russian Federation, as well as holder of the highest office in Russia and commander-in-chief of the Russian Armed Forces.

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R255 highway (Russia)

The Russian route M53 is a federal highway in Russia, part of the Trans-Siberian Highway: Novosibirsk-(Tomsk-)Kemerovo-Krasnoyarsk-Tayshet-Irkutsk, 1860 km.

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Rekord Irkutsk

Rekord Irkutsk or DYuSSh Rekord («ДЮСШ Рекорд» Иркутск) is a bandy club from Irkutsk, Russia.

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Rekord Stadium

Rekord Stadium is a sports venue in Irkutsk.

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Royal Institute of Chemistry

The Royal Institute of Chemistry was a British scientific organisation.

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Rudolf Nureyev

Rudolf Khametovich Nureyev (Рудольф Хәмит улы Нуриев Rudolf Xämid ulı Nuriyev, p; 17 March 1938 – 6 January 1993) was a Soviet ballet and contemporary dancer and choreographer.

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United Company RUSAL (OK RUSAL) is the world's second largest aluminium company by primary production output (as of 2016).

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Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

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Russian Academy of Sciences

The Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS; Росси́йская акаде́мия нау́к (РАН) Rossíiskaya akadémiya naúk) consists of the national academy of Russia; a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian Federation; and additional scientific and social units such as libraries, publishing units, and hospitals.

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Russian Bandy Super League

The Russian Bandy Super League (Чемпионат России по хоккею с мячом — Суперлига), is a professional bandy league in Russia, the top division of Russian bandy.

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Russian Civil War

The Russian Civil War (Grazhdanskaya voyna v Rossiyi; November 1917 – October 1922) was a multi-party war in the former Russian Empire immediately after the Russian Revolutions of 1917, as many factions vied to determine Russia's political future.

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Russian Geographical Society

The Russian Geographical Society (Russian: Ру́сское географи́ческое о́бщество «РГО») (RGO) is a learned society based in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

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The sable (Martes zibellina) is a marten species, a small carnivorous mammal inhabiting forest environments, primarily in Russia from the Ural Mountains throughout Siberia, northern Mongolia.

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Serbia (Србија / Srbija),Pannonian Rusyn: Сербия; Szerbia; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia; Slovak and Czech: Srbsko,; Сърбия.

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Shelekhov (p) is a town and the administrative center of Shelekhovsky District in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located southwest of Irkutsk, the administrative center of the oblast.

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Shenyang, formerly known by its Manchu name Mukden or Fengtian, is the provincial capital and the largest city of Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China, as well as the largest city in Northeast China by urban population.

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Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.

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Siberia, Siberia

Siberia, Siberia (Сибирь, Сибирь...) is a non-fiction book by the Russian writer Valentin Rasputin.

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Siberian tiger

The Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), also called Amur tiger, is a tiger population inhabiting mainly the Sikhote Alin mountain region in southwest Primorye Province in the Russian Far East.

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Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Strömsund (Straejmie) is a locality and the seat of Strömsund Municipality in Jämtland County, Sweden with 3,589 inhabitants in 2010.

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Subarctic climate

The subarctic climate (also called subpolar climate, subalpine climate, or boreal climate) is a climate characterised by long, usually very cold winters, and short, cool to mild summers.

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The JSC Sukhoi Company (ПАО «Компания „Сухой“») is a major Russian aircraft manufacturer, headquartered in Begovoy District, Northern Administrative Okrug, Moscow, and designs both civilian and military aircraft.

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Sukhoi Su-30

The Sukhoi Su-30 (Сухой Су-30; NATO reporting name: Flanker-C) is a twin-engine, two-seat supermaneuverable fighter aircraft developed by Russia's Sukhoi Aviation Corporation.

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Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Taiga (p; from Turkic), also known as boreal forest or snow forest, is a biome characterized by coniferous forests consisting mostly of pines, spruces and larches.

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Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub (bush) native to Asia.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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Trans-Siberian Highway

The Trans-Siberian Highway is the unofficial name for a network of federal highways that span the width of Russia from the Baltic Sea of the Atlantic Ocean to the East Sea of the Pacific Ocean.

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Trans-Siberian Railway

The Trans-Siberian Railway (TSR, p) is a network of railways connecting Moscow with the Russian Far East.

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Transbaikal, Trans-Baikal, Transbaikalia (p), or Dauria (Даурия, Dauriya) is a mountainous region to the east of or "beyond" (trans-) Lake Baikal in Russia.

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A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem (or parent) river or a lake.

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Tsar (Old Bulgarian / Old Church Slavonic: ц︢рь or цар, цaрь), also spelled csar, or czar, is a title used to designate East and South Slavic monarchs or supreme rulers of Eastern Europe.

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Tupolev (Ту́полев) is a Russian aerospace and defence company, headquartered in Basmanny District, Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow.

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The Tuvans or Tuvinians (Тывалар, Tıvalar; Тува, Tuva) are an indigenous people of Siberia/Central Asia.

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Types of inhabited localities in Russia

The classification system of the types of inhabited localities in Russia, the former Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states has certain peculiarities compared with the classification systems in other countries.

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Ulaanbaatar, formerly anglicised as Ulan Bator (Улаанбаатар,, Ulaγanbaγatur, literally "Red Hero"), is the capital and largest city of Mongolia. The city is not part of any aimag (province), and its population was over 1.3 million, almost half of the country's total population. Located in north central Mongolia, the municipality lies at an elevation of about in a valley on the Tuul River. It is the country's cultural, industrial and financial heart, the centre of Mongolia's road network and connected by rail to both the Trans-Siberian Railway in Russia and the Chinese railway system. The city was founded in 1639 as a nomadic Buddhist monastic centre. In 1778, it settled permanently at its present location, the junction of the Tuul and Selbe rivers. Before that, it changed location twenty-eight times, with each location being chosen ceremonially. In the twentieth century, Ulaanbaatar grew into a major manufacturing center. Ulaanbaatar is a member of the Asian Network of Major Cities 21. The city's official website lists Moscow, Hohhot, Seoul, Sapporo and Denver as sister cities.

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United Aircraft Corporation

The PJSC United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) is a Russian aerospace and defense corporation.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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Ust-Ilimsk Hydroelectric Power Station

The Ust-Ilimsk Hydroelectric Power Station (Ust-Ilimsk HPS) is a concrete gravity dam on the Angara River and adjacent hydroelectric power station.

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V.B. Sochava Institute of Geography SB RAS

The V.B. Sochava Institute of Geography SB RAS is a scientific institution in the east of Russia, focusing on geographical studies.

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Valentin Rasputin

Valentin Grigoriyevich Rasputin (Валенти́н Григо́рьевич Распу́тин; 15 March 193714 March 2015) was a Russian writer.

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Vernacular architecture

Vernacular architecture is an architectural style that is designed based on local needs, availability of construction materials and reflecting local traditions.

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Vladimir Kornilov

Vice Admiral Vladimir Alexeyevich Kornilov (Влади́мир Алексе́евич Корни́лов; 13 February 1806 – 17 October 1854) was a Russian naval officer who took part in the Crimean War.

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Vladimir Putin

Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (a; born 7 October 1952) is a Russian statesman and former intelligence officer serving as President of Russia since 2012, previously holding the position from 2000 until 2008.

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Vladivostok (p, literally ruler of the east) is a city and the administrative center of Primorsky Krai, Russia, located around the Golden Horn Bay, not far from Russia's borders with China and North Korea.

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Vyacheslav Klykov

Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Klykov (Russian: Вячеслав Михайлович Клыков; 19 October 1939 — 2 June 2006) was a Russian sculptor who specialized in public monuments to key figures of national history and culture.

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White movement

The White movement (p) and its military arm the White Army (Бѣлая Армія/Белая Армия, Belaya Armiya), also known as the White Guard (Бѣлая Гвардія/Белая Гвардия, Belaya Gvardiya), the White Guardsmen (Белогвардейцы, Belogvardeytsi) or simply the Whites (Белые, Beliye), was a loose confederation of Anti-Communist forces that fought the Bolsheviks, also known as the Reds, in the Russian Civil War (1917–1922/3) and, to a lesser extent, continued operating as militarized associations both outside and within Russian borders until roughly the Second World War.

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Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.

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The JSC A.S. Yakovlev Design Bureau (ОАО Опытно-конструкторское бюро им.) is a Russian aircraft designer and manufacturer (design office prefix Yak).

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Yakutsk (p; Дьокуускай, D'okuuskay) is the capital city of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located about south of the Arctic Circle.

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Yasak or yasaq, sometimes iasak, (ясак; akin to Yassa) is a Turkic word for "tribute" that was used in Imperial Russia to designate fur tribute exacted from the indigenous peoples of Siberia.

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Yenisei River

The Yenisei (Енисе́й, Jeniséj; Енисей мөрөн, Yenisei mörön; Buryat: Горлог мүрэн, Gorlog müren; Tyvan: Улуг-Хем, Uluğ-Hem; Khakas: Ким суг, Kim sug) also Romanised Yenisey, Enisei, Jenisej, is the largest river system flowing to the Arctic Ocean.

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Yugra or Iuhra (Old Russian Югра Jugra; Byzantine Greek Οὔγγροι Oὔggroi) was a collective name for lands and peoples between the Pechora River and Urals (modern north-west Russia), in the Russian annals of the 12th–17th Centuries.

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2012 Women's Bandy World Championship

The Bandy World Championship for women 2012 was contested between 6 bandy playing countries.

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2014 Bandy World Championship

The 2014 Bandy World Championship was held between 26 January and 2 February 2014, in Irkutsk and Shelekhov, Russia.

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2016 Irkutsk mass methanol poisoning

In December 2016, 78 people died in a mass methanol poisoning in Irkutsk, one of the largest cities in Siberia, Russia.

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2019 Bandy World Championship

2019 Bandy World Championship will be held in Vänersborg, Sweden, between bandy playing nations mens national teams.

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Redirects here:

History of Irkutsk, Irkoutsk, Irktusk, Irkutsk Urban Okrug, Irkutsk, Russia, Ирку́тск.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irkutsk

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