217 relations: Afonso I, Duke of Braganza, Afonso V of Portugal, Afonso, Prince of Portugal, Age of Discovery, Age of Empires III, Alcázar of Segovia, Alfonso Carrillo de Acuña, Alfonso de Palencia, Alfonso V of Aragon, Alfonso, Prince of Asturias (1453–1468), Alhambra, Alhambra Decree, Aljubarrota, Andalusia, Anne of Brittany, Arévalo, Arthur, Prince of Wales, Assassin's Creed, Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood, Asturias, Auburn hair, Azores, Ávila, Spain, Battle of Guinea, Battle of Toro, Baza, Granada, Beatification, Beatriz Pereira de Alvim, Blanche of Lancaster, Bourgeoisie, Bulls of Guisando, Burgos, C.W. Gortner, Cadency, Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Carry On Columbus, Catherine of Aragon, Catherine of Lancaster, Catholic Church, Catholic Monarchs, Cebreros, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Charles, Duke of Berry (1446–1472), Charles, Prince of Viana, Christopher Columbus, Christopher Columbus (1949 film), Christopher Columbus (miniseries), Christopher Columbus: The Discovery, Civilization V, ..., Columbian Issue, Congregation for the Causes of Saints, Consanguinity, Constance of Castile, Duchess of Lancaster, Council of Castile, Counter-Reformation, County of Barcelona, Crown (headgear), Damião de Góis, Darren Aronofsky, David MacDonald (director), Diego Lopez de Pacheco, 2nd Duke of Escalona, Dominican Order, Eagle (heraldry), East Indies, Eduardo Rosales, Edward III of England, Edward IV of England, El Ministerio del Tiempo, El Mundo (Spain), Eleanor of Aragon, Queen of Castile, Eleanor of Sicily, Emirate of Granada, Eustache de la Fosse, Extremadura, Faye Dunaway, Ferdinand II of Aragon, Florence Eldridge, Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros, Francisco Rovira Beleta, Galicia (Spain), Garcia de Resende, Gerald Thomas, Germaine of Foix, Golden age (metaphor), Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés, Granada, Gulf of Guinea, Hare We Go, Henry II of Castile, Henry III of Castile, Henry IV of Castile, Henry Kamen, Henry VIII of England, Heraldic badge, Hernando del Pulgar, Holy See, House of Habsburg, House of Trastámara, Human hair color, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, International Standard Serial Number, Isabel (TV series), Isabel of Barcelos, Isabella of Aragon, Queen of Portugal, Isabella of Portugal, Queen of Castile, Joan of Portugal, Joanna la Beltraneja, Joanna of Castile, John Glen (director), John I of Castile, John I of Portugal, John II of Aragon, John II of Castile, John II of Portugal, John of Gaunt, John, Constable of Portugal, John, Prince of Asturias, Juan de Mariana, Juan Pacheco, Juana Enríquez, Juana Manuel, June Whitfield, Justo L. González, Kingdom of Fez, Kingdom of Granada (Crown of Castile), Kingdom of Majorca, Kingdom of Portugal, Kingdom of Sardinia, Kingdom of Valencia, Knight, Lawrence Schoonover, León (historical region), List of Aragonese consorts, List of Castilian monarchs, List of consorts of Naples, List of Leonese monarchs, List of Sicilian consorts, Loja, Granada, Louis XI of France, Mad Love (2001 film), Madeira, Madrid, Madrigal de las Altas Torres, Manuel I of Portugal, María de Padilla, Margaret of Austria, Duchess of Savoy, Maria of Aragon, Queen of Portugal, Maribel Martín, Marrano, Mary I of England, Málaga, Medina del Campo, Michelle Jenner, Miguel da Paz, Prince of Portugal, Miraflores Charterhouse, Moorish architecture, Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba, Muhammad XII of Granada, Nasrid dynasty, New World, Norah Lofts, Nuno Álvares Pereira, Order of Calatrava, Order of Isabella the Catholic, Pedro Girón Acuña Pacheco, Pedro González de Mendoza, Peter I of Portugal, Peter IV of Aragon, Peter of Castile, Philip I of Castile, Philippa of Hainault, Philippa of Lancaster, Plasencia, Pope Alexander VI, Pope Pius II, Prenuptial agreement, Prince of Asturias, Province of Ávila, Quartering (heraldry), Rachel Ward, Rachel Weisz, Real Audiencia y Chancillería de Valladolid, Reconquista, Richard III of England, Ridley Scott, Robert McKimson, Ronda, Royal Chapel of Granada, Rui de Pina, Sabatini Gardens, San Salvador Island, Sceptre, Second Battle of Olmedo, Segovia, Servant of God, Sigourney Weaver, Spain, Spanish colonization of the Americas, Spanish Empire, Supporter, Tanto monta, monta tanto, Isabel como Fernando, Televisión Española, Teresa Lourenço, The Fountain, Toledo, Spain, Tomás de Torquemada, Treaty of Alcáçovas, Treaty of Granada (1491), Treaty of Tordesillas, United States commemorative coin, Valladolid, Vicente Aranda, William H. Prescott, Yoke and arrows, 1492: Conquest of Paradise. Expand index (167 more) » « Shrink index
Dom Afonso I of Braganza (10 August 1377 – 15 December 1461) was the first Duke of Braganza and the eighth Count of Barcelos.
Afonso V KG (15 January 1432 – 28 August 1481), called the African, was King of Portugal and of the Algarves.
Afonso, Prince of Portugal (18 May 147513 July 1491) - was the heir apparent to the throne of Portugal.
The Age of Discovery, or the Age of Exploration (approximately from the beginning of the 15th century until the end of the 18th century) is an informal and loosely defined term for the period in European history in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and was the beginning of globalization.
Age of Empires III is a real-time strategy video game developed by Microsoft Corporation's Ensemble Studios and published by Microsoft Game Studios.
The Alcázar of Segovia (literally, "Segovia Fortress") is an alcázar located in the city of Segovia (Castile and León, Spain), a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Alfonso Carrillo de Acuña (Carrascosa del Campo, 1410 – Alcalá de Henares, 1 July 1482) was a Spanish politician and Roman Catholic archbishop.
Alfonso Fernández de Palencia (1423 in El Burgo de Osma?, Soria – 1492 in Seville), was a Castilian pre-Renaissance historiographer, lexicographer, and humanist.
Alfonso the Magnanimous KG (also Alphonso; Alfons; 1396 – 27 June 1458) was the King of Aragon (as Alfonso V), Valencia (as Alfonso III), Majorca, Sardinia and Corsica (as Alfonso II), Sicily (as Alfonso I) and Count of Barcelona (as Alfonso IV) from 1416, and King of Naples (as Alfonso I) from 1442 until his death.
Alfonso the Innocent (17 November 1453 – 5 July 1468) was the figurehead of rebelling Castilian magnates against his half-brother Henry IV, who had recognized him as heir presumptive with the title of Prince of Asturias.
The Alhambra (الْحَمْرَاء, Al-Ḥamrā, lit. "The Red One",The "Al-" in "Alhambra" means "the" in Arabic, but this is ignored in general usage in both English and Spanish, where the name is normally given the definite articleالْحَمْرَاء, trans.; literally "the red one", feminine; in colloquial Arabic: the complete Arabic form of which was Qalat Al-Hamra)الْقَلْعَةُ ٱلْحَمْرَاءُ, trans.
The Alhambra Decree (also known as the Edict of Expulsion; Spanish: Decreto de la Alhambra, Edicto de Granada) was an edict issued on 31 March 1492, by the joint Catholic Monarchs of Spain (Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon) ordering the expulsion of practicing Jews from the Kingdoms of Castile and Aragon and its territories and possessions by 31 July of that year.
Aljubarrota is a freguesia ("civil parish") in the municipality of Alcobaça, Portugal.
Andalusia (Andalucía) is an autonomous community in southern Spain.
Anne of Brittany (25/26 January 1477 – 9 January 1514) was Duchess of Brittany from 1488 until her death, and queen consort of France from 1491 to 1498 and from 1499 to her death.
Arévalo is a municipality in Spain, it is situated in the province of Ávila and is part of the autonomous community of Castile and León.
Arthur Tudor (19 September 1486 – 2 April 1502) was Prince of Wales, Earl of Chester and Duke of Cornwall.
Assassin's Creed is a franchise centered on an action-adventure video game series developed by Ubisoft.
Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood is a 2010 action-adventure video game developed by Ubisoft Montreal and published by Ubisoft.
Asturias (Asturies; Asturias), officially the Principality of Asturias (Principado de Asturias; Principáu d'Asturies), is an autonomous community in north-west Spain.
Auburn hair is a variety of red hair, most commonly described as reddish-brown in color or dark ginger.
The Azores (or; Açores), officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal.
Ávila (Latin: Abula) is a Spanish town located in the autonomous community of Castile and León, and is the capital of the Province of Ávila.
The Battle of Guinea took place on the Gulf of Guinea, in western Africa, 1478, between a Portuguese fleet and a Castilian fleet in the context of the War of the Castilian Succession.
The Battle of Toro was a royal battle from the War of the Castilian Succession, fought on 1 March 1476, near the city of Toro, between the Castilian troops of the Catholic Monarchs and the Portuguese-Castilian forces of Afonso V and Prince John.
Baza is a town in the province of Granada in Andalusia (southern Spain), twice a former Catholic bishopric and now a Latin Catholic titular see as Basti.
Beatification (from Latin beatus, "blessed" and facere, "to make") is a recognition accorded by the Catholic Church of a dead person's entrance into Heaven and capacity to intercede on behalf of individuals who pray in his or her name.
Beatriz Pereira de Alvim (1380–1415) was a Portuguese noblewoman, the only child of Nuno Álvares Pereira and his wife Leonor de Alvim.
Blanche of Lancaster (25 March 1345/1347 – 12 September 1368) was a member of the English royal House of Plantagenet and the daughter of the kingdom's wealthiest and most powerful peer, Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster.
The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.
The Bulls of Guisando (Toros de Guisando) are a set of Celtiberian sculptures located on the hill of Guisando in the municipality of El Tiemblo, Ávila, Spain.
Burgos is a city in northern Spain and the historic capital of Castile.
C.W. Gortner is an American author of historical fiction, including the novels The Last Queen, The Confessions of Catherine de Medici, and the Spymaster Trilogy.
In heraldry, cadency is any systematic way of distinguishing otherwise identical coats of arms belonging to members of the same family.
The Canary Islands (Islas Canarias) is a Spanish archipelago and autonomous community of Spain located in the Atlantic Ocean, west of Morocco at the closest point.
Cape Verde or Cabo Verde (Cabo Verde), officially the Republic of Cabo Verde, is an island country spanning an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean.
Carry On Columbus (1992) is the 31st and final film to date of the series of ''Carry On'' films to be made; it was a belated entry to the series, following 1978's Carry On Emmannuelle.
Catherine of Aragon (16 December 1485 – 7 January 1536), was Queen of England from June 1509 until May 1533 as the first wife of King Henry VIII; she was previously Princess of Wales as the wife of Henry's elder brother Arthur.
Catherine of Lancaster (Castilian: Catalina; 31 March 1373 – 2 June 1418) was Queen of Castile by marriage to King Henry III of Castile.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Catholic Monarchs is the joint title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon.
Cebreros is a municipality in the Ávila province, Castile-Leon in Spain.
Charles V (Carlos; Karl; Carlo; Karel; Carolus; 24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of both the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and the Spanish Empire (as Charles I of Spain) from 1516, as well as of the lands of the former Duchy of Burgundy from 1506.
Charles (Charles de France; 26 December 1446 – 24 May 1472), Duke of Berry, later Duke of Normandy and Duke of Aquitaine, was a son of Charles VII, King of France.
Charles, Prince of Viana (Karlos IV.a) (29 May 1421 – 23 September 1461), sometimes called Charles IV of Navarre, was the son of King John II of Aragon and Queen Blanche I of Navarre.
Christopher Columbus (before 31 October 145120 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer.
Christopher Columbus is a 1949 British biographical film starring Fredric March as Christopher Columbus and Florence Eldridge as Queen Isabella.
Christopher Columbus was a television mini-series broadcast in Italy and the United States in 1985.
Christopher Columbus: The Discovery is a 1992 American-British-Spanish historical adventure film directed by John Glen.
Sid Meier's Civilization V is a 4X video game in the ''Civilization'' series developed by Firaxis Games.
The Columbian Issue, often known as simply the Columbians, is a set of 16 postage stamps issued by the United States to commemorate the World's Columbian Exposition held in Chicago during 1893.
The Congregation for the Causes of Saints is the congregation of the Roman Curia that oversees the complex process that leads to the canonization of saints, passing through the steps of a declaration of "heroic virtues" and beatification.
Consanguinity ("blood relation", from the Latin consanguinitas) is the property of being from the same kinship as another person.
Constance of Castile (1354 – 24 March 1394) was claimant of the Castilian throne after the death of her father Peter, King of Castile and León, also known as Peter the Cruel.
The Council of Castile (Real y Supremo Consejo de Castilla), known earlier as the Royal Council (Consejo Real), was a ruling body and key part of the domestic government of the Crown of Castile, second only to the monarch himself.
The Counter-Reformation, also called the Catholic Reformation or the Catholic Revival, was the period of Catholic resurgence initiated in response to the Protestant Reformation, beginning with the Council of Trent (1545–1563) and ending at the close of the Thirty Years' War (1648).
The County of Barcelona (Comitatus Barcinonensis) was originally a frontier region under the rule of the Carolingian dynasty.
A crown is a traditional symbolic form of headwear, or hat, worn by a monarch or by a deity, for whom the crown traditionally represents power, legitimacy, victory, triumph, honor, and glory, as well as immortality, righteousness, and resurrection.
Damião de Góis (February 2, 1502January 30, 1574), born in Alenquer, Portugal, was an important Portuguese humanist philosopher.
Darren Aronofsky (born February 12, 1969) is an American filmmaker and writer, who is noted for his often surreal and disturbing films.
David MacDonald (9 May 1904 in Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire – 22 June 1983 in London) was a Scottish film director, writer and producer.
Diego López de Pacheco (Villena, 1456 – Escalona, November 26, 1529) was a Spanish noble, 2nd Duke of Escalona and 2nd Marquis of Villena.
The Order of Preachers (Ordo Praedicatorum, postnominal abbreviation OP), also known as the Dominican Order, is a mendicant Catholic religious order founded by the Spanish priest Dominic of Caleruega in France, approved by Pope Honorius III via the Papal bull Religiosam vitam on 22 December 1216.
The eagle is used in heraldry as a charge, as a supporter, and as a crest.
The East Indies or the Indies are the lands of South and Southeast Asia.
Eduardo Rosales Gallinas (4 November 1836, Madrid – 13 November 1873, Madrid) was a Spanish painter.
Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II.
Edward IV (28 April 1442 – 9 April 1483) was the King of England from 4 March 1461 to 3 October 1470, and again from 11 April 1471 until his death.
El Ministerio del Tiempo, or The Ministry of Time, is a Spanish fantasy television series created by Javier and Pablo Olivares and produced by Onza Partners and Cliffhanger for Televisión Española.
El Mundo (The World), formally El Mundo del Siglo Veintiuno (The World of the Twenty-First Century) is the second largest printed daily newspaper in Spain.
Eleanor of Aragon (20 February 1358 – 13 August 1382) was a daughter of King Peter IV of Aragon and his wife Eleanor of Sicily.
Eleanor of Sicily (1325–1375) was Queen of Aragon from 1349 until 1375 as the third wife of King Peter IV.
The Emirate of Granada (إمارة غرﻧﺎﻃﺔ, trans. Imarat Gharnāṭah), also known as the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada (Reino Nazarí de Granada), was an emirate established in 1230 by Muhammad ibn al-Ahmar.
Tassin or Eustache de la Fosse (also spelled Delafosse) (ca. 1451 - 23 April 1523) was a Flemish-speaking sailor and merchant from Tournai, who traveled with Portuguese sailors from Palos to territories of West Africa (1479–80) in what are now Guinea-Bissau, some 12° north latitude.
Extremadura (is an autonomous community of western Iberian Peninsula whose capital city is Mérida, recognised by the State of Autonomy of Extremadura. It is made up of the two largest provinces of Spain: Cáceres and Badajoz. It is bordered by the provinces of Salamanca and Ávila (Castile and León) to the north; by provinces of Toledo and Ciudad Real (Castile–La Mancha) to the east, and by the provinces of Huelva, Seville, and Córdoba (Andalusia) to the south; and by Portugal to the west. Its official language is Spanish. It is an important area for wildlife, particularly with the major reserve at Monfragüe, which was designated a National Park in 2007, and the International Tagus River Natural Park (Parque Natural Tajo Internacional). The government of Extremadura is called. The Day of Extremadura is celebrated on 8 September. It coincides with the Catholic festivity of Our Lady of Guadalupe.
Dorothy Faye Dunaway (born January 14, 1941) is an American actress.
Ferdinand II (Ferrando, Ferran, Errando, Fernando) (10 March 1452 – 23 January 1516), called the Catholic, was King of Sicily from 1468 and King of Aragon from 1479 until his death.
Florence Eldridge (born Florence McKechnie, September 5, 1901, in Brooklyn, New York - August 1, 1988, in Long Beach, California) was an American actress.
Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros, O.F.M. (1436 – 8 November 1517), known as Ximenes de Cisneros in his own lifetime, and commonly referred to today as simply Cisneros, was a Spanish cardinal, religious figure, and statesman.
Francisco Rovira Beleta (Barcelona, 1913 – 23 June 1999) was a twice Academy Award nominee Spanish screenwriter and film director.
Galicia (Galician: Galicia, Galiza; Galicia; Galiza) is an autonomous community of Spain and historic nationality under Spanish law.
Garcia de Resende (14703 February 1536) was a Portuguese poet and editor.
Gerald Thomas (10 December 1920 – 9 November 1993) was an English film director best known for the long-running Carry On series of bawdy British film comedies.
Germaine of Foix (Germana de Foix; Germaine de Foix;1488 – 15 October 1536) was queen consort of Aragon as the second wife of Ferdinand II of Aragon, whom she married in 1505 after the death of his first wife, Isabella I of Castile.
A golden age is a period in a field of endeavor when great tasks were accomplished.
Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, or simply Gonzalo de Córdoba (1 September 1453 – 2 December 1515), Duke of Terranova and Santangelo, Andria, Montalto and Sessa, was a Spanish general who fought in the Conquest of Granada and the Italian Wars.
Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés (August 14781557) was a Spanish historian and writer.
Granada is the capital city of the province of Granada, in the autonomous community of Andalusia, Spain.
The Gulf of Guinea is the northeasternmost part of the tropical Atlantic Ocean between Cape Lopez in Gabon, north and west to Cape Palmas in Liberia.
Hare We Go is a 1951 Warner Bros. Merrie Melodies cartoon starring Bugs Bunny.
Henry II (13 January 1334 – 29 May 1379), called Henry of Trastámara or the Fratricide (el Fratricida), was the first King of Castile and León from the House of Trastámara.
Henry III of Castile (4 October 1379 – 25 December 1406), called the Mourner, was the son of John I and Eleanor of Aragon.
Henry IV of Castile (Castilian: Enrique IV) (5 January 1425 – 11 December 1474), King of the Crown of Castile, nicknamed the Impotent (ruled 1454–1474), was the last of the weak late medieval kings of Castile.
Henry A. Kamen (born 1936 in Rangoon) is a British historian, who has published extensively on Europe, Spain, and the Spanish Empire.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.
A heraldic badge, emblem, impresa, device, or personal device worn as a badge indicates allegiance to, or the property of, an individual or family.
Hernando del Pulgar (1436 – c. 1492) was a converso Spanish writer.
The Holy See (Santa Sede; Sancta Sedes), also called the See of Rome, is the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, the episcopal see of the Pope, and an independent sovereign entity.
The House of Habsburg (traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe.
The House of Trastámara was a dynasty of kings in Spain, which first governed in Castile beginning in 1369 before expanding its rule into Aragon, Navarre and Naples.
Hair color is the pigmentation of hair follicles due to two types of melanin: eumelanin and pheomelanin.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
An International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) is an eight-digit serial number used to uniquely identify a serial publication.
Isabel is a Spanish historical fiction television series, directed by Jordi Frades and produced by Diagonal TV for Televisión Española.
Isabel of Barcelos (October 1402 – 26 October 1466), also known as Isabel of Braganza, was a lady of the Portuguese nobility during the Late Middle Ages.
Isabella, Princess of Asturias (2 October 1470 – 23 August 1498) was a Queen consort of Portugal and heir presumptive of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile, as their eldest daughter.
Isabella of Portugal (Isabel in Portuguese and Spanish) (1428 – 15 August 1496) was Queen consort of Castile and León.
Joana of Portugal (Joan; 20 March 1439 – 12 December 1475)Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Portugal was Queen consort of Castile as the second wife of King Henry IV of Castile and a Portuguese infanta, the posthumous daughter of King Edward of Portugal and his wife Eleanor of Aragon.
Joanna la Beltraneja (21 February 1462 – 12 April 1530) was a claimant to the throne of Castile, and Queen of Portugal as the wife of King Afonso V, her uncle.
Joanna (6 November 1479 – 12 April 1555), known historically as Joanna the Mad (Juana la Loca), was Queen of Castile from 1504, and of Aragon from 1516.
John Glen (born 15 May 1932) is an English film director, film editor, and author.
John I (Juan I; 24 August 1358 – 9 October 1390) was King of the Crown of Castile from 1379 until 1390.
John I (João, ʒuˈɐ̃w̃; 11 April 1357 – 14 August 1433) was King of Portugal and the Algarve in 1385–1433.
John II (Catalan: Joan II, Aragonese: Chuan II and Joanes II), called the Great (el Gran) or the Faithless (el Sense Fe) (29 June 1398 – 20 January 1479), was the King of Navarre through his wife (jure uxoris) from 1425 and the King of Aragon in his own right from 1458 until his death.
John II of Castile (Juan; 6 March 1405 – 20 July 1454) was King of Castile and León from 1406 to 1454.
John II (Portuguese: João II,; 3 March 1455 – 25 October 1495), the Perfect Prince (o Príncipe Perfeito), was the king of Portugal and the Algarves in 1477/1481–1495.
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, KG (6 March 1340 – 3 February 1399) was an English nobleman, soldier, statesman, and prince, the third of five surviving sons of King Edward III of England.
Infante John, Constable of Portugal (João,; 13 January 1400 – 18 October 1442) was a Portuguese infante (prince) of the House of Aviz, Constable of Portugal and master of the Portuguese Order of St. James (Santiago).
John, Prince of Asturias (Juan; 30 June 1478 – 4 October 1497), was the only son of Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon who survived to adulthood.
Juan de Mariana, also known as Father Mariana (25 September 1536 – 17 February 1624), was a Spanish Jesuit priest, Scholastic, historian, and member of the Monarchomachs.
Juan Fernández Pacheco y Téllez Girón (1419 in Belmonte – 1 October 1474 in Trujillo), was a Castilian noble of Portuguese descent who rose to power in the last years of the reign of Juan II of Castile and came to dominate the government of Castile during the reign of his son and successor Henry IV of Castile.
Juana Enriquez de Córdoba, 5th Lady of Casarrubios del Monte (1425 – 13 February 1468, Tarragona), a Castilian noblewoman, was styled Queen of Navarre from her marriage in April 1444 to John II of Aragon and Navarre and was Queen consort of the Kingdoms of the Crown of Aragon from the death of her brother-in-law, King Alfonso V of Aragon, in 1458, until her own death.
Juana Manuel of Castile (1339 – 27 March 1381) was Queen consort of Castile from 1369 until 1379.
Dame June Rosemary Whitfield, (born 11 November 1925) is an English actress.
Justo L. González (born August 9, 1937) is a Cuban-American Methodist historian and theologian.
The Kingdom of Fez was the name given to the northern part of Morocco, from the founding of the country by the Idrisid dynasty in the 8th century until the establishment of the French and the Spanish protectorate.
The Kingdom of Granada (Reino de Granada) was a territorial jurisdiction of the Crown of Castile from the conclusion of the Reconquista in 1492 until Javier de Burgos' provincial division of Spain in 1833.
The Kingdom of Majorca (Regne de Mallorca,; Reino de Mallorca; Regnum Maioricae) was founded by James I of Aragon, also known as James The Conqueror.
The Kingdom of Portugal (Regnum Portugalliae, Reino de Portugal) was a monarchy on the Iberian Peninsula and the predecessor of modern Portugal.
The Kingdom of SardiniaThe name of the state was originally Latin: Regnum Sardiniae, or Regnum Sardiniae et Corsicae when the kingdom was still considered to include Corsica.
The Kingdom of Valencia (Regne de València,; Reino de Valencia; Regnum Valentiae), located in the eastern shore of the Iberian Peninsula, was one of the component realms of the Crown of Aragon.
A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch, bishop or other political leader for service to the monarch or a Christian Church, especially in a military capacity.
Lawrence Schoonover (1906–1980) was an American novelist.
The region of León or Leonese region (Leonese: rexón de Llïón, región de León and rexón de Llión) is a historic territory defined by the 1833 Spanish administrative organisation.
This is a list of consorts of the monarchs of the Kingdom of Aragon.
This is a list of kings and queens of the Kingdom and Crown of Castile.
This is a list of consorts of Naples.
In the reign of Ordoño I of Asturias (850–866), the kingdom began to be known as that of León.
This is a list of consorts of the Kingdom of Sicily.
Loja ((), formerly Loxa, is a town in southern Spain, situated at the western limit of the province of Granada. It is surrounded by the so-called Sierra de Loja, of which the highest peak, Sierra Gorda, stands 1,671 metres above sea-level. Loja has sometimes been identified with the ancient Ilipula, or with the Lacibi (Lacibis) of Pliny and Ptolemy. It is unknown when Loja was first captured by the Moors; most likely this happened in the 8th century. It first clearly emerges in the Arab chronicles of the year 890. It was taken by Ferdinand III in 1226, but was soon afterwards abandoned. Its Moorish name, Medina Lawša, was changed to Lauxa when it was captured by the Christians in 1486, during the Reconquista. Isabella I of Castile called it the "flower among thorns".
Louis XI (3 July 1423 – 30 August 1483), called "Louis the Prudent" (le Prudent), was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1461 to 1483.
Mad Love (Juana la Loca, literally Juana the Madwoman) is a 2001 period drama film written and directed by Vicente Aranda starring Pilar López de Ayala and Daniele Liotti.
Madeira is a Portuguese archipelago situated in the north Atlantic Ocean, southwest of Portugal.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Madrigal de las Altas Torres is a municipality located in the province of Ávila, Castile and León, Spain.
Dom Manuel I (31 May 1469 – 13 December 1521), the Fortunate (Port. o Afortunado), King of Portugal and the Algarves, was the son of Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu, by his wife, the Infanta Beatrice of Portugal.
María de Padilla (1334 –Seville, July 1361) was the mistress of King Peter of Castile.
Archduchess Margaret of Austria (Margarete von Österreich; Marguerite d'Autriche; Margaretha van Oostenrijk; Margarita de Austria) (10 January 1480 – 1 December 1530), Princess of Asturias and Duchess of Savoy by her two marriages, was Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1507 to 1515 and again from 1519 to 1530.
Maria of Aragon (29 June 1482 – 7 March 1517) was a Spanish infanta, and queen consort of Portugal as the second spouse of Portuguese King Manuel I.
Maribel Martín born Maria Isabel Martínez (1 November 1954 in Madrid, Spain), is a Spanish actress.
Marranos were Jews living in the Iberian Peninsula who converted or were forced to convert to Christianity during the Middle Ages yet continued to practice Judaism in secret.
Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death.
Málaga is a municipality, capital of the Province of Málaga, in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia, Spain.
Medina del Campo is a town located in the province of Valladolid, Castile and León autonomous region, 45 km from Valladolid.
Michelle Jenner Husson (born September 14, 1986) is a Spanish cinema and television actress.
Miguel da Paz, Prince of Portugal and Prince of Asturias (Miguel da Paz de Trastâmara e Avis,; Miguel de la Paz de Avís y Trastámara, "Michael of Peace") (23 August 1498 – 19 July 1500) was a Portuguese royal prince, son of King Manuel I of Portugal and his first wife, Isabella of Aragon, Princess of Asturias (1470-1498).
Miraflores Charterhouse (Cartuja de Miraflores) is an Isabelline style charterhouse, or Carthusian monastery of the Order of the Carthusians built on a hill (known as Miraflores) about three kilometers of the center of the Spanish city of Burgos, autonomous community of Castile and León, in Spain.
Moorish architecture is the articulated Islamic architecture of North Africa and parts of Spain and Portugal (Al Andalus), where the Andalusians (Moors) were dominant between 711 and 1492.
The Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba (Mezquita-Catedral de Córdoba), also known as the Great Mosque of Córdoba (Mezquita de Córdoba) and the Mezquita, whose ecclesiastical name is the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption (Catedral de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción), is the Catholic cathedral of the Diocese of Córdoba dedicated to the Assumption of the Virgin Mary and located in the Spanish region of Andalusia.
Abu `Abdallah Muhammad XII (أبو عبد الله محمد الثاني عشر Abū ‘Abdi-llāh Muḥammad ath-thānī ‘ashar) (c. 1460 – 1533), known to the Castilians as Boabdil (a Spanish rendering of the name Abu Abdillah), was the 22nd and last Nasrid ruler of the Emirate of Granada in Iberia.
The Nasrid dynasty (بنو نصر banū Naṣr or banū al-Aḥmar) was the last Arab Muslim dynasty in Iberia, ruling the Emirate of Granada from 1230 until 1492.
The New World is one of the names used for the majority of Earth's Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).
Norah Lofts, née Norah Ethel Robinson, (27 August 190410 September 1983) was a 20th-century best-selling British author.
The Order of Calatrava (Orden de Calatrava Ordem de Calatrava) was the first military order founded in Castile, but the second to receive papal approval.
The Order of Isabella the Catholic (Orden de Isabel la Católica) is a Spanish civil order in which membership is granted in recognition of services that benefit the country.
Pedro Girón Acuña Pacheco (Belmonte, Cuenca, 1423 – Villarrubia de los Ojos, 1466), was Master of the Order of Calatrava (1445–1466), 1st Lord of Ureña and Osuna, and an important political figure at the court of Henry IV of Castile.
Pedro González de Mendoza (May 3, 1428 – January 11, 1495) was a Spanish cardinal and statesman who served as Archbishop of Toledo (1482–1495), Archbishop of Sevilla (1474–1482), Bishop of Sigüenza (1467–1474), and Bishop of Calahorra y La Calzada (1453–1467).
Peter I (Portuguese: Pedro I (8 April 1320 – 18 January 1367), called the Just or the Cruel) (Portuguese: o Justo, O Cruel), was King of Portugal and of the Algarves from 1357 until his death.
Peter IV (5 September 1319 – 6 January 1387), called the Ceremonious (Catalan: el Cerimoniós), was from 1336 until his death the King of Aragon and also King of Sardinia and Corsica (as Peter I), King of Valencia (as Peter II), and Count of Barcelona (and the rest of the Principality of Catalonia as Peter III).
Peter (Pedro; 30 August 133423 March 1369), called the Cruel (el Cruel) or the Just (el Justo), was the king of Castile and León from 1350 to 1369.
Philip I (22 July 1478 – 25 September 1506) called the Handsome or the Fair, was the first member of the house of Habsburg to be King of Castile.
Philippa of Hainault (Middle French: Philippe de Hainaut; 24 June c.1310/15 – 15 August 1369) was Queen of England as the wife of King Edward III.
Philippa of Lancaster (Filipa; 31 March 1360 – 19 July 1415) was Queen of Portugal from 1387 until 1415 by marriage to King John I. Born into the royal family of England, her marriage secured the Treaty of Windsor and produced several children who became known as the "Illustrious Generation" in Portugal.
Plasencia is a walled market city in the province of Cáceres, Extremadura, Western Spain.
Pope Alexander VI, born Rodrigo de Borja (de Borja, Rodrigo Lanzol y de Borja; 1 January 1431 – 18 August 1503), was Pope from 11 August 1492 until his death.
Pope Pius II (Pius PP., Pio II), born Enea Silvio Bartolomeo Piccolomini (Aeneas Silvius Bartholomeus; 18 October 1405 – 14 August 1464) was Pope from 19 August 1458 to his death in 1464.
A prenuptial agreement, antenuptial agreement, or premarital agreement, commonly abbreviated to prenup or prenupt, is a contract entered into prior to marriage, civil union or any agreement prior to the main agreement by the people intending to marry or contract with each other.
Prince or Princess of Asturias (Príncipe/Princesa de Asturias) is the main substantive title used by the heir apparent or heir presumptive to the throne of Spain.
Ávila is a province of central-western Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León.
Quartering in is a method of joining several different coats of arms together in one shield by dividing the shield into equal parts and placing different coats of arms in each division.
Rachel Claire Ward, (born 12 September 1957) is an English-born Australian actress, film director, television director, and screenwriter.
Rachel Hannah Weisz ("vice"; born 7 March 1970) is an English actress.
The Royal Audiencia and Chancellería of Valladolid was a judicial body established by Henry II of Castile in 1371, with jurisdiction over the entire territory of the Crown of Castile, except for the characteristics of the Hall of Justice (also called Mil y Quinientas) of the Council of Castile.
The Reconquista (Spanish and Portuguese for the "reconquest") is a name used to describe the period in the history of the Iberian Peninsula of about 780 years between the Umayyad conquest of Hispania in 711 and the fall of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada to the expanding Christian kingdoms in 1492.
Richard III (2 October 1452 – 22 August 1485) was King of England from 1483 until his death at the Battle of Bosworth Field.
Sir Ridley Scott (born 30 November 1937) is an English film director and producer.
Robert Porter McKimson, Sr. (October 13, 1910 – September 29, 1977) was an American animator and illustrator, best known for his work on the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons from Warner Bros., and later DePatie-Freleng Enterprises.
Ronda is a city in the Spanish province of Málaga.
The Royal Chapel of Granada (Spanish: Capilla Real de Granada) is an Isabelline style building, constructed between 1505 and 1517, and originally integrated in the complex of the neighbouring Granada Cathedral.
Rui (or Ruy) de Pina (1440–1522) was a Portuguese chronicler.
Sabatini Gardens, with the Royal Palace. The Sabatini Gardens (in Spanish: Jardines de Sabatini) are part of the Royal Palace in Madrid, Spain, and were opened to the public by King Juan Carlos I in 1978.
San Salvador Island (known as Watlings Island from the 1680s until 1925) is an island and district of the Bahamas.
A sceptre (British English) or scepter (American English; see spelling differences) is a symbolic ornamental staff or wand held in the hand by a ruling monarch as an item of royal or imperial insignia.
The Second Battle of Olmedo was fought on 20 August 1467 near Olmedo in Castile (now in the province of Valladolid, Spain) as part of the War of the Castilian Succession between Henry IV of Castile and his half-brother Alfonso, Prince of Asturias.
Segovia is a city in the autonomous region of Castile and León, Spain.
"Servant of God" is a term used for individuals by various religions for people believed to be pious in the faith's tradition.
Susan Alexandra Weaver (born October 8, 1949), known professionally as Sigourney Weaver, is an American actress.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
The overseas expansion under the Crown of Castile was initiated under the royal authority and first accomplished by the Spanish conquistadors.
The Spanish Empire (Imperio Español; Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Monarquía Hispánica) and as the Catholic Monarchy (Monarquía Católica) was one of the largest empires in history.
In heraldry, supporters, sometimes referred to as attendants, are figures or objects usually placed on either side of the shield and depicted holding it up.
Tanto monta, monta tanto, Isabel como Fernando or simply Tanto monta, monta tanto ("They amount to the same, the same they amount to") was the alleged motto of a prenuptial agreement made by the Spanish Catholic Monarchs, Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon.
Televisión Española (acronym TVE, on lowercase letters: tve, in English "Spanish Television") is the national state-owned public-service television broadcaster in Spain.
Teresa Gille Lourenço (Lisbon, 1330 – ?), was the lover of King Peter I of Portugal and mother of King John I of Portugal.
The Fountain is a 2006 American epic magical realism romantic drama film that blends elements of fantasy, history, spirituality, and science fiction.
Toledo is a city and municipality located in central Spain; it is the capital of the province of Toledo and the autonomous community of Castile–La Mancha.
Tomás de Torquemada (1420 – September 16, 1498) was a Castilian Dominican friar and first Grand Inquisitor in Spain's movement to homogenize religious practices with those of the Catholic Church in the late 15th century, otherwise known as the Spanish Inquisition.
The Treaty of Alcáçovas (also known as Treaty or Peace of Alcáçovas-Toledo) was signed on 4 September 1479 between the Catholic Monarchs of Castile and Aragon on one side and Afonso V and his son, Prince John of Portugal, on the other side.
The Treaty of Granada was signed and ratified on November 25, 1491 between Boabdil, the sultan of Granada, and Ferdinand and Isabella, the King and Queen of Castile, León, Aragon and Sicily.
The Treaty of Tordesillas (Tratado de Tordesilhas, Tratado de Tordesillas), signed at Tordesillas on June 7, 1494, and authenticated at Setúbal, Portugal, divided the newly discovered lands outside Europe between the Portuguese Empire and the Crown of Castile, along a meridian 370 leagues west of the Cape Verde islands, off the west coast of Africa.
The United States has minted numerous commemorative coins in remembrance of particular persons, places, events, and institutions.
Valladolid is a city in Spain and the de facto capital of the autonomous community of Castile and León.
Vicente Aranda Ezquerra (9 November 1926 – 26 May 2015) was a Spanish film director, screenwriter and producer.
William Hickling Prescott (May 4, 1796 – January 28, 1859) was an American historian and Hispanist, who is widely recognized by historiographers to have been the first American scientific historian.
The Yoke and the Bundle of Arrows or the Yoke and Arrows (el yugo y el haz de flechas or el yugo y las flechas) is a badge dating back to the Spanish co-monarchy of the Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile.
1492: Conquest of Paradise (in French, 1492: Christophe Colomb) is a 1992 English-language French-Spanish epic historical drama film directed by Ridley Scott and written by Roselyne Bosch, which tells the fictionalized story of the travels to the New World by the Italian explorer Christopher Columbus (Gérard Depardieu) and the effect this had on the indigenous peoples of the Americas.
Elizabeth I of Castile, Ferdinand v Isabella, Isabel I, Isabel I de Castilla, Isabel I of Castile, Isabel I of Castilla, Isabel I of Spain, Isabel La Catolica, Isabel La Católica, Isabel de Castilla, Isabel la Catolica, Isabel la Católica, Isabel of Castile, Isabel the Catholic, Isabella 1 of Spain, Isabella I, Isabella I of Aragon, Isabella I of Castille, Isabella I of Spain, Isabella I the Catholic, Isabella of Castile, Isabella of Castilia, Isabella of Castille, Isabella of castille, Isabella the Catholic, Queen Isabella I, Queen Isabella I of Castile, Ysabel I of Castile.